2020届高三百所名校好题之语法填空2

来源:未知 作者:高考提分狙击手 时间:2020-08-06 09:52 点击:

2020届高三百所名校好题速递分项汇编(2)之语法填空

【河南省2020届高三入学摸底】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Tied to skis (滑雪板) and pulled around a     41     (freeze) lake by a thoroughbred racehorse—skijö ring is a sport like no other. The hardy skiers travel at frightening speeds, using just their voice and a set of rules to guide the horses around the icy track. The     42     (usual) sport is considered the showpiece event of the White Turf races—a wintery festival held at the upmarket ski resort of St. Moritz.

The sport requires the ability to mix skiing talent     43     a high-level of horsemanship. “During the race you need a really strong voice,” two-time race winner Valeria Holinger told CNN Sport. “Only by shouting can you make the horse go     44     (fast) than others”.

Competitors must wait until they’re 18 before     45     (allow) to participate in the event. Even then, driver—as they’re known—must pass fitness tests     46     hard theory exams—for good reason, too. Not only    47     (be) they traveling at incredible speeds, there is also the added danger of     48     (full) grown racehorses trampling (踩) on the skis. In addition, the speeding hooves (马蹄) kick up huge amounts of snow and ice    49     crash into the legs of the skiers behind.

Such unique threats call for unique     50     (protect). Drivers are required to use face masks to keep the snow out of their eyes and wear body armor under their ski suits.

【答案】41.frozen42.unusual43.with44.faster45.being allowed/ allowed46.and47.are48.fully49.which/that50.protection

【解析】这是一篇说明文。短文介绍了马拉滑雪板——一项将滑雪天赋与高水平的马术相结合的运动。

41.考查形容词。frozen“冰冻的”为形容词修饰名词 lake。frozen lake意为“冰封的湖面”。故填frozen。

42.考查形容词。由前文“skijö ring is a sport like no other”(马拉雪橇是一种与众不同的运动)可知,此处应用unusual(不寻常的)修饰名词sport。故填unusual。

43.考查介词。mix...with...意为“把……与……结合”为固定短语。故填with  。

44.考查副词比较级。由“than”可知,应填副词比较级。故填faster。

45.考查非谓语动词/省略句。before既可作介词,也可作连词。before为介词时,allow与主语为动宾关系,故使用其动名词被动形式;before作连词时,此处可看作before they are allowed省略了they are的情况。故填being allowed/ allowed。

46.考查连词。分析句子可知,fitness tests和 hard theory exams为并列结构作动词pass的宾语,故用and连接。故填and。

47.考查主谓一致。not only置于句首,后面的句子为半倒装句,谓语动词与主语they保持一致。故填are 。

48.考查副词。fully为副词形容词grown。故填 fully。

49.考查关系代词。分析句子可知,snow and ice为先行词,在后面的定语从句中作主语。所以关系代词为which/that。故填which/that。

50.考查名词。unique为形容词修饰名词protection。故填protection。

【2020届重庆市一中高三上学期摸底】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式

Fuchsia Dunlop decided to visit China after reading articles about the country for several months. The one-month backpacking trip exposed the English woman    41    a wide range of Chinese food. "The dishes and soups I had even in the cheapest and plain eateries were better than    42    I had in the U.K.,” Dunlop recalled.

The last stop of her trip was Chengdu,    43    capital of southwest China's Sichuan Province. Dunlop learned from friends that Sichuan food represents one of China's    44    (good) cuisines, and when the spicy flavor of Sichuan pepper exploded in her mouth, something inside her changed forever.

After she returned to London, Dunlop made the decision to study in China at Sichuan University. When she wrote down "studying Chinese  45  (policy) on ethnic groups" on the    46    (apply) form as the reason for a scholarship, what she really had in mind were Sichuan dishes.

Her journey eventually led her to become the most knowledgeable English person on Chinese food. She   47   (write) many books on Chinese cuisine since, including Shark's Fin and Sichuan Pepper, which was translated into Chinese in 2018.

According to Chen Xiaoqing,   48   (know) for directing the documentary of A Bite of China, Dunlop is the most insightful foreign writer who   49   (vivid) describes Chinese cuisine in an exciting and accurate way. What she presents to the readers is not just food, but also the profound traditions and tremendous changes   50   (occur) in the country behind the flavors.

【答案】41.to42.what43.the44.best45.policies46.application47.has written48.known49.vividly50.occurring

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了英国女士邓洛普在中国的美食之旅。

41.考查固定短语。句意:为期一个月的背包旅行让这位英国女士接触到了各种各样的中国食物。expose... to表示“使接触、暴露于”,故填to。

42.考查宾语从句。句意:即使是在最便宜的普通餐馆里,我点的菜和汤也比我在英国吃的要好。此处为宾语从句,从句中的had缺少宾语,故填what。

43.考查定冠词。句意:她此行的最后一站是中国西南部四川省的省会成都。the capital of表示“……的首都/省会”,应该用the表特指,故填the。

44.考查形容词最高级。句意:邓洛普从朋友那里得知川菜是中国最好的菜系之一。one of后的名词常用形容词最高级修饰,故填best。

45.考查名词复数。句意:当她在申请表上写下“学习中国民族政策”作为申请奖学金的理由时,她真正想的是川菜。policy当“政策、方针”讲时是可数名词,此处用复数表泛指,故填policies。

46.考查名词。句意同上。根据句意可知此处用名词作定语,application form表示“申请表”,故填application。

47.考查时态。句意:从那以后,她写了许多关于中国烹饪的书。此处表示过去的动作对现在的影响,用现在完成时,故填has written。

48.考查非谓语动词。句意:以执导纪录片《舌尖上的中国》而出名的陈晓青说邓洛普是最有洞察力的外国作家,她生动、准确地描述了中国美食。be known for表示“因……而出名”,此处去掉be作定语,故填known。

49.考查副词。句意同上,修饰动词describes用副词,故填vividly。

50.考查非谓语动词。句意:她所呈现给读者的不仅仅是食物,还有这个国家在美食背后深刻的传统和正在发生的巨大的变化。changes 与occur之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,表示主动,用现在分词作后置定语,故填occurring。

【湖南省长沙市第一中学2020届高三第一次月考】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

It's not all that hard to build an advanced and large vocabulary. Like many things in life, it's    37    ongoing process, and the best part of the process is that there's enough room for improvement,    38    means you'll just keep getting better and better. Of course you have to work at i仁 You wouldn't think that a few    39    (month) of exercise in your teens would be enough    40    the rest of your life, and that's also true for building your vocabulary——you have to keep at it daily, and pretty soon you will find that you have an excellent vocabulary.

One of the    41    (effect) ways to build vocabulary is to read good books. You need to    42    (real) read at least one good book a week, preferably a classic. This isn't as hard as it    43    (sound), and it is far better than any other method because you improve your vocabulary while    44    (read) an interesting piece of literature. Another nice thing is that you learn both new words and    45    (they) use unconsciously, meaning that you will tend to use the words    46    (learn) this way in conversations almost automatically.

【答案】37.an38.which39.months40.for41.effective42.really43.sounds44.reading45.their46.learned/learnt

【解析】【小题37】修饰ongoing process,此处为泛指。

【小题38】引导非限制性定语从句,指代上一句话。

【小题39】搭配a few,需用可数名词复数。

【小题40】意思是“对你的余生而言”。

【小题41】这里是effect的形容词词性,修饰ways.

【小题42】这里是real的副词词性,修饰动词read。

【小题43】此处需用谓语动词.根据语境可知时态为一般现在时。

【小题44】考查现在分词做时间状语.强调主动关系。

【小题45】代词指代前文的new words."它们的用途"。

【小题46】考查过去分词做定语,表示“学过的”。

 

 

 

 

第四部分 写作(共三节,满分43分) 第一节 词汇考查(共8小题;每小题1分,满分8分)

【湖南省长沙市第一中学2020届高三第一次月考】阅读下列句子,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

47.

He experimented with different styles of painting, but was most famous for his work in Cubism, which often uses acute angles and    ①    the world is represented as being constructed of cubes and rectangles.

48.

By popular consensus, this is the most valuable painting in the world—it is impossible to calculate what price it would fetch if it ever    ①    (come) on the market.

49.

Unfortunately, although van Gogh committed his whole being to painting, he received little reward    ①    his effort.

50.

As a teenager, he began painting scenes of local fishermen and sailors along the canals in Suzhou,    ①    sold these paintings to tourists and passers-by as souvenirs.

51.

We can use old pieces of cloth as brushes, or wrinkle the cloth together to    ①   (form) an interesting pattern.

52.

That is, the main criterion for    ①   (include)is that the film must not be financed by Hollywood studios.

53.

It was then that Robert Redford became its sponsor and changed the focus to independent films, often    ①   (make) on very modest budgets.

54.

   ①    on such a trip can you gain a better appreciation of European art.

【答案】47.where48.came49.for50.and51.form52.being included53.made54.Only

【解析】考查单句语法填空。

47.考查连接词。句意:他尝试了不同风格的绘画,但最著名的是他的立体派作品,它经常使用锐角,在那里,世界是由立方体和矩形构成的。本句为定语从句修饰先行词Cubism,且先行词在本空后从句中做地点状语,故填关系副词where。

48.考查虚拟语气。句意:人们普遍认为,这幅画是世界上最有价值的一幅画。要计算出它一旦上市会卖多少钱是不可能的。本句为if引导的虚拟语气,表示与将来事实相反,主句:主语+should/would/might/could+ do,从句:if+主语+过去式。故填came。

49.考查固定短语。句意:不幸的是,尽管梵高全身心地投入到绘画中,他的努力却没有得到什么回报。固定短语reward for“因……而获得回报”。故填for。

50.考查连词。句意:十几岁时,他开始在苏州的运河边画当地渔民和水手的场景,并把这些画卖给游客和路人作为纪念品。分析句子结构可知,此处为并列谓语,故应用and连接。

51.考查动词。句意:我们可以用旧布做刷子,或者把布皱在一起形成一个有趣的图案。根据上文to可知为不定式做状语,故填form。

52.考查非谓语动词。句意:也就是说,入选的主要标准是这部电影不能由好莱坞电影公司出资。for为介词后跟动名词做宾语,且与逻辑主语film构成被动关系,故填being included。

53.考查非谓语动词。句意:就在那时, Robert Redford成为了它的赞助商,并将重心转向了独立电影,这些电影往往制作成本非常低廉。本句中make做非谓语与逻辑主语films构成被动,故填过去分词made。

54.考查连接词。句意:只有在这样的旅行中,你才能更好地欣赏欧洲艺术。本句为部分倒装,且根据句意可知表示“只有”故填Only。

【内蒙古自治区鄂尔多斯市一中2019—2020学年高三上学期9月月考】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Man Kaur started running in 2009,    41   she was in her 90s and began racking up medals. At 103, Man Kaur is not only going strong, she's getting others to follow in her footsteps as well.

India's oldest female athlete is spending her summer     42     (coach) 30 young athletes. Kaur and her 81-year-old son and trainer, Gurdev Singh,     43     (invite) for two weeks to several universities,   44   their methods made such an improvement in the students' performance that they were asked    45   (stay) through September.

This invitation came on the heels of Kaur's participation in the World Masters Athletics Championships in Poland earlier this year, where she    46    (win) gold in all four events. Though she was the only   47   (compete) in her age category for all four events, for the 60-meter dash, she had company from other categories: two 85-year-olds and three 90-year-olds. Though they weren't competing for the prize in her age bracket, they ran alongside her and     48     (eventual) ahead of her.

Ten years after she first started running, Kaur still loves it, according to her son. "She enjoys    49    company of her admirers," her son adds. "Every time she participates, she feels proud that people around the world feel     50    (inspire)."

【答案】41.when42.coaching43.were invited44.but45.to stay46.won47.competitor48.eventually49.the50.inspired

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了印度年龄最大的女运动员曼考尔的故事。

41.考查非限定性定语从句。句意:曼考尔从2009年她90多岁时开始跑步并开始获得奖牌。此处为非限定性定语从句,先行词为2009,指时间,从句中缺少时间状语,故填when。

42.考查非谓语动词。句意:这位印度年龄最大的女运动员正在利用这个夏天训练30名年轻运动员。spend time doing sth表示“花时间做某事”,故填coaching。

43.考查时态语态。句意:曼考尔和她81岁的儿子古尔德夫辛格被邀请去几所大学教两周,事情发生在过去,Kaur 和Gurdev Singh与invite之间是被动关系,所以用一般过去时的被动语态,故填were invited。

44.考查连词。句意:但是他们的方法使学生们的成绩有了很大的提高,所以他们被要求教到九月份。根据句意可知前后是转折关系,故填but。

45.考查不定式。句意同上,be asked to do表示“被要求做某事”,故填to stay。

46.考查时态。句意:今年早些时候,曼考尔参加了在波兰举行的世界大师田径锦标赛,她在所有四个项目中都获得了金牌。事情发生在过去,应该用一般过去时,故填won。

47.考查名词。句意:她是她年龄组所有四个项目的唯一竞争对手(选手)。分析句子结构并结合句意可知,此处缺少表示身份的名词作表语,故填competitor。

48.考查副词。句意:他们和她并肩跑着,最终超过了她。作状语用副词,故填eventually。

49.考查定冠词。句意:她喜欢有仰慕她的人作伴。根据“of her admirers”可知此处表示特指,故填the。

50.考查语态。句意:每次她参加活动,她都为世界各地的人们受到她的鼓舞而感到自豪。people与inspire之间是被动关系,故填inspired。

定语从句是语法填空的常见考点,解答定语从句要分两步走,一是找准先行词,二是判断关系词在从句中所做的成分,例如本篇第1空,分析句子结构可知,此处为非限定性定语从句,先行词为2009,指时间,从句中缺少时间状语,故用关系副词when。如果关系词在非限定性定语从句中作主宾表,就应该用关系代词which,如:My parents' wedding anniversary is August 5th, which I will never forget. (which指代先行词August 5th并在非限定性定语从句中作forget的宾语)我父母的结婚纪念日是8月5日,这一天我永远不会忘记。

【吉林省梅河口市第五中学等校2020届高三上学期8月联考】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Nowadays more and more people like to travel,     41     (especial) when vacations come.A great number of people rush out of their homes or companies to     42     (travel) spots. They either drive or take a bus, a train, a ship     43     so on.Some even ride bikes.

However, there     44     (be) another way of travelling—poorism. People have a tour in     45     poorest areas of the worlds Some people may take a one-day poorest tour, and some even pay to stay in very poor neighborhoods     46     (experience) the lowest living standards in the worlds Poorism tours take place around the world, and not just in the third world     47      (country).You can, for instance, tour New York neighborhoods in the Bronx. Such tours can take people into the heart of poor areas.These tours may awaken people to pay     48     (much) attention to long-standing poverty, or the effects of war.

Some think that tours in the poor areas can raise social care. And the money from the tour can     49     (donate) to help the people     50     live there.

【答案】41.especially42.travelling/traveling43.and44.is45.the46.to experience47.countries48.more49.be donated50.who/ that

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文。目前人们喜欢旅游,但文章介绍了另一种旅游形式——贫困之旅。人们在世界上最贫穷的地区进行旅游,这些旅行可能会唤醒人们更多地关注长期存在的贫困或战争的影响。

41.考查词性转换。句意:现在越来越多的人喜欢旅游,尤其是当假期来临的时候。此处是副词修饰when引导的时间状语从句,故把especial改成especially。

42.考查动名词。句意:很多人冲出家门或公司去旅游景点。此处是动名词作定语,故答案为travelling/traveling。

43.考查固定结构。句意:他们要么开车要么乘公共汽车、火车、轮船等等。固定结构:and so on等等。故答案为and。

44.考查there be句型。句意:然而,还有另一种旅行方式——穷游。此处是there be句型,句子主语是another way of travelling,单数第三人称,一般现在时态,故答案为is。

45.考查定冠词the。句意:人们在世界上最贫穷的地区进行旅游。此处是形容词最高级,前面用定冠词the,故答案为the。

46.考查动词不定式作目的状语。句意:有些人可能会参加为期一天的“最贫困之旅”,有些人甚至花钱住在非常贫困的社区,体验世界上最低的生活水平。此处是动词不定式作目的状语,故答案为to experience。

47.考查名词复数。句意:世界各地都有“贫困之旅”,而不仅仅是在第三世界国家。第三世界的国家不知一个,所以名词用复数形式,故答案为countries。

48.考查比较级。句意:这些旅行可能会唤醒人们更多地关注长期存在的贫困或战争的影响。结合句意可知句子用比较级,故答案为more。

49.考查含情态动词的被动语态。句意:旅游所得的钱可以捐赠给生活在那里的人们。此处tour和donate之间是被动关系,所以应该是含情态动词的被动语态,can已经给出,故答案为be donated。

50.考查定语从句。句意:旅游所得的钱可以捐赠给生活在那里的人们。此处people是先行词,指人,在后面的定语从句中作主语,故答案为who/ that。

分析定语从句关键抓住两点:第一、找准先行词;第二、看先行词在定语从句中所作的成分。先行词往往为名词或代词,如本题第10小题中先行词为名词people,再分析先行词people在定语从句中所作的成分,将先行词people带到从句中可知,只能作主语,故确定关系词为who/ that。

【安徽省芜湖市第一中学2020届高三上学期基础检测】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

We were studying Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet in the class. Each of us     41     (require) to play a scene from the play, and I     42     (joke) asked to play the nurse. How the classmates responded aroused my interest. They thought I, a guy, couldn’t play the nurse. But I decided I was going to be the     43     (good) nurse to explode on the stage of the class. That fateful week, I imprinted the lines of the nurse in my head. On the day of the     44     (perform), I walked onto the stage,     45     (dress) in my grandmother’s Italian suit, and poured my heart and soul     46     the scene.     47     look of astonishment on my classmates’ faces was all I needed to realize what school     48     (mean) to me. School was a place     49     I could explore unknown areas of my mind and uncover new ideas about the world. Perhaps this realization had never shown     50      (it) before, because I never been brave enough to uncover it.

【答案】41.was required42.jokingly43.best44.performance45.dressed46.into47.The48.meant49.where50.itself

【解析】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。主要讲的是作者在班级情景剧《罗密欧与朱丽叶》扮演一名护士,通过自己的表演意识到学校对作者的意义。

41.考查被动语态。句意:我们每个人都被要求扮演剧中的一个场景。分析句子结构可知,空处填谓语动词,再根据语境可知,此处用一般过去时,each of us和require之间是被动关系,则空处用一般过去时的被动语态。故填was required。

42.考查副词。句意:我开玩笑地要求扮演护士。分析句子结构可知,空处填副词修饰asked,根据句意可知,jokingly意为“开玩笑地”,故填jokingly。

43.考查形容词的最高级。句意:但是我决定我要成为班级舞台上爆发的最好的护士。根据空前the和句意可知,空处填good的最高级best,意为“最好的”,故填best。

44.考查名词。分析句子结构可知,空处填名词,performance意为“表演”,故填performance。

45.考查非谓语动词。句意:我穿着祖母的意大利套装走上舞台,全身心地投入到这个场景中。分析句子结构可知,空处填非谓语动词,dress表示“穿戴”时,通常用于be dressed in结构中,且此处是做非谓语动词,故填dressed。

46.考查固定搭配。句意:我穿着祖母的意大利套装走上舞台,全身心地投入到这个场景中。根据句意可知,put…into…是固定搭配,意为“把……投入……中去”,故填into。

47.考查冠词。句意:同学们脸上惊讶的表情让我明白了学校对我的意义。分析句子结构可知,此处look是名词,意为“表情”,故空处填冠词,根据语境可知,此处指“同学们脸上的表情”,表示特指,故填The。

48.考查时态。分析句子结构可知,空处填谓语动词,再结合语境可知,此处用一般过去时,故填meant。

49.考查定语从句连词。分析句子结构可知,此处是定语从句,先行词是a place在从句中做地点状语,故填where。

50.考查反身代词。句意:也许我以前从来没有意识到这一点,因为我从来没有足够的勇气去发现它。分析句子结构可知,空处填代词,再结合语境可知,此处填itself指代realization本身,故填itself。

【河南省十所名校2020届高中毕业班尖子生第一次考试】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案填写在答题卡上。

You may have heard of the Red Cross. It is an    61    (organize) that helps people who are in need no matter   62    bad the situation is ! But if not for the passion of a young woman named Clara Barton, the American Red Cross may have never been formed!

One day when she was 11 years old, her elder brother was    63   (terrible) injured. He was ill for two years. Clara cared for him    64    whole time. Through this experience she found out that she came alive when she cared for others.

Soon, Clara began taking care of injured animals. Neighbors began bringing their pets to her. And, almost always, she made them better.

When she was older, she became a nurse in the American Civil War and she helped save hundreds of    65   (soldier).

After the Civil War, Clara traveled to Europe to rest.    66    that did not last long. Soon she was caring for   67    (wound) people in battle once again! But this time, she learned about the Red Cross who worked alongside her on the battlefield. Their mission was to help those who needed it most.

She decided that the Red Cross    68    (need) in America. Over several years, she asked 4 different presidents   69    (bring) the Red Cross to America. They all said no. But then, thanks

  70   her persistence(坚持), one of the presidents changed his mind! And the American Red Cross was born.

【答案】61.organization/organization62.how63.terribly64.the65.soldiers66.But67.wounded68.was needed69.to bring70.to

【解析】这是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了美国红十字会成立的历史。Clara Barton在11岁时照顾她生病的哥哥,之后还照顾着一些受伤的小动物。当她长大后,她在美国内战时照顾了受伤的士兵,最后在她的坚持和努力下,美国红十字会终于诞生了。

61.考查名词。句意:这是一个会帮助那些无论情况多糟糕的人的组织。冠词an后应接名词。故填organization/organization。

62.考查固定搭配。句意:这是一个会帮助那些无论情况多糟糕的人的组织。no matter how为固定搭配,意为无论怎样。故填how。

63.考查副词。句意:当她11岁的时候,她的哥哥受了非常严重的伤。was injured为动词,需副词对其修饰。故填terribly。

64.考查固定搭配。句意:一直以来Clara都在照顾她的哥哥。the whole time意为整个时间,一直。故填the。

65.考查名词。句意:当她长大后,她成为了一名美国内战时的护士。她帮助拯救了成百上千的士兵。Hundreds of意为成百上千的,of后的名词需用复数形式。故填soldiers。

66.考查连词。句意:内战结束后,Clara去欧洲旅游休假,但这并没有持续很长时间。第五段提到“Soon she was caring for… in battle once again!” Clara去了欧洲休假,但她又开始帮助那些在战争中受伤的人。说明她的休假并没有维持很久。因此需填一个转折意味的连词,说明前后内容的转折。故填But。

67.考查形容词。句意:很快她又开始帮助那些在战争中受伤的人。people意味人们,是名词,该词前需要形容词对其进行修饰。故填wounded。

68.考查被动语态。句意:她决定在美国也需要红十字会。在从句中America应是动作的执行者,因此Red cross做主语时应使用被动语态,故填was needed。

69.考查固定结构。句意:这段时间以来,她请求4名总统将红十字会带去美国。ask sb. to do sth.意为请求做某事。故填to bring。

70.考查固定搭配。句意:但由于她的坚持,其中一个总统改变了他的想法。thanks to意为由于、幸亏。故填to。

【山东省济南市济钢高级中学2020届高三第一次诊断】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

From   61   teenage boy to a 38-year-old man, the skillful figure of Kobe in the basketball court is the memory of youth for many Chinese basketball fans.

On April 14th, 2016, Kobe Bryant    62   (unbelievable) won 60 points in the match versus Utah Jazz ending  63  (he) twenty-year career in NBA perfectly. On that day this match became a hot topic   64   Weibo and WeChat in China. Kobe’s   65  (glory) 20-year career in NBA became a wonderful memory of plenty of Chinese basketball fans.

Kobe’s   66  (retire) brings different kinds of feelings to many fans. For one thousand of Kobe’s fans there are one thousand different feelings. It is difficult for you    67    (show) no respect for him in the heart   68   you have ever loved Kobe or not. He is not a genius but he could face the whole Los Angeles city alone at morning 4 o’clock to practice; he has suffered from injuries, while he shouldered the duty to inspire the team with determination and courage. His diligence, motivation and enthusiasm will be remembered forever.    69    (look) back over the past twenty years, we have to admit that this man and the number 23 player of the Chicago Bulls    70   (change) the basketball game.

【答案】61.a62.unbelievably63.his64.on65.glorious66.retirement67.to show68.whether69.Looking70.have changed

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文。叙述了NBA球星科比为NBA篮球运动做出的贡献及中国球迷对他退役的反响。

61.考查冠词。空格后面的名词boy是可数名词,用不定冠词表示“一个十几岁的男孩子”。故答案为a。

62.考查词性转换。做状语修饰动词won,要用副词形式。故答案为unbelievably。

63.考查代词。做定语修饰后面的名词career(职业),故用形容词性物主代词形式。故答案为his。

64.考查介词。此处用on表示“在微博和微信上”。 故答案为on。

65.考查词性转换。做定语修饰后面的名词career,故用形容词形式,表示“光荣的职业生涯”。 故答案为glorious。

66.考查词性转换。做主语,用名词形式。故答案为retirement。

67.考查非谓语动词。it是形式主语。 for you to show...是不定式的复合结构,做真正的主语。故答案为to show。

68.考查连词。与后面的or not构成搭配,引导让步状语从句,意为“不管你喜欢还是不喜欢”。 故答案为whether。

69.考查非谓语动词。 look做状语,与主语是主动关系,故用动词-ing形式。故答案为Looking。

70.考查时态。此处指到现在为止所发生的情况,故用现在完成时。故答案为have changed。

【湖北省部分重点中学2019-2020学年高三上学期零模】阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

There is a small but growing movement in America of many  61  ( family) that want to reduce waste to zero.  62  ( they) goal of producing no trash is probably impossible to reach. Some come close, reducing a year's worth of trash to only a few things   63  can fit into a small container. All other things, they say, can be recycled or composted.

Zero Wasters, as they are called, help each other by sharing advice on blogs and social media. A lot of people have given  64  ( value) advice on the subject recently. Some of the advice includes where to buy things 65 ( avoid) unwanted packaging and how to recycle things that most people throw away.

Bea Johnson, a housewife, says that reducing shopping means her family has more money for fun vacations  66  ever before. She, who is   67  ( satisfy)with the fact, says all their clothing comes from used clothing stores. She says that has reduced her household spending   68  40 percent.

Zero Wasters advocate   69  ( talk) about five "r's" that describe want they do: Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Rot. They request that things like remaining food not   70  ( throw)away randomly and refuse containers at restaurants.

【答案】61.families62.Their63.that64.valuable65.to avoid66.than67.satisfied68.by69.talking70.be thrown

【黑龙江省大庆市铁人中学2020届高三上学期开学】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Every year, butterfly(蝴蝶) lovers in California go out in November to count monarch butterflies. They     61    (get) a worrying result from their fall monarch count in 2018—    62     number of monarchs had dropped by 86% since 2017.

The orange and black monarch butterflies are famous      63      their long migrations(迁徒)—they fly thousands of miles every year. In the spring and summer they fly north; in the fall they fly south again.

Monarchs, like most butterflies, are      64     (terrible) important for plants. They help create more plants by spreading pollen(花粉) between plants. In turn, monarchs depend on plants for food. And they depend completely on a plant called milkweed      65     (lay) their eggs.

But monarchs have been facing growing problems for years. As more and more wild land has been turned into large farms, the monarchs have had trouble      66     (find) enough milkweed. Many farms also use chemicals     67      will kill insects in order to protect their plants. These chemicals also affect monarchs. Besides, pollution has made milkweed less      68     (health) for the monarchs than it used to be.

Scientists say monarchs will be in danger of dying out in the next 20 years if nothing     69    (do) to save them.

   70   (thing) that people can do to help include planting milkweed, controlling the use of chemicals, protecting wild areas, and planting trees.

【答案】61.got62.the63.for64.terribly65.to lay66.finding67.which/that68.healthier69.is done70.Things

【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章讲了帝王蝶这种蝴蝶的数量在下降,造成它们数量下降的原因、它们的重要性以及人们可以做些什么去拯救它们。

61.考查动词时态。句意:他们在2018年秋季的帝王蝶得到了一个令人担忧的结果。2018年是过去时间,谓语动词用过去式,故填got。

62.考查固定短语。句意:自从2017年帝王蝶的数量已经下降了86%。短语the number of...“......的数量”,故填the。

63.考查固定短语。句意:橙色和黑色相间的帝王蝶因它们的长途迁徙而闻名。短语be famous for...“因......闻名”,故填for。

64.考查副词。句意:帝王蝶和大多数蝴蝶一样,对植物非常重要。terrible意为糟糕的、非常严重的,是形容词,important意为重要的,是形容词,用副词修饰,terrible的副词形式是terribly,意为很、非常,故答案为terribly。

65.考查非谓语动词。句意:它们完全依赖一种叫做乳草的植物产卵。短语depend on...to do...“依靠......去做某事”,to do不定式表目的,故答案为to lay。

66.考查非谓语动词。句意:随着越来越多的野生土地变成大型农场,帝王蝶很难找到足够乳草。have trouble doing...“做某事有困难”,故答案为finding。

67.考查定语从句连接词。句意:许多农场也使用杀虫剂来杀死昆虫,以保护他们的植物。chemicals在此指化学药品,是定语从句的先行词,定语从句中少主语成分,用关系代词,代指前面的名词并且指物应该用关系代词which/that,故答案为which/that。

68.考查形容词比较级。句意:此外,污染使得乳草对帝王蝶的健康状况不如从前。less应修饰形容词比较级,health意为健康,是名词,其形容词形式是healthy,意为健康的,健康的的比较级是healthier,故答案为healthier。

69.考查动词时态语态。句意:科学家表示,如果不采取措施拯救帝王蝶,它们将在未来20年面临灭绝的危险。此处事情是被做,用被动语态,结构为be done,if引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时,nothing意为什么也没有,谓语动词用单数,be动词的单数形式是is,故答案为is done。

70.考查名词的数。句意:人们可以做的事情包括种植乳草,控制化学品的使用,保护野生地区,植树。后面列举出了很多人们可以做的事情,故此处可数名词thing用其复数形式,句首单词首字母大写,故答案为Things。

 

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