2020届高三百所名校好题之短文改错2

来源:未知 作者:高考提分狙击手 时间:2020-08-06 09:59 点击:

2020届高三百所名校好题速递分项汇编(2)之短文改错

【河南省2020届高三入学摸底】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Our School Environment Club organized an activity naming Green Hometown on March 12. On that special day, our teachers as well as students gathered on the wasteland of the schoolyard when we would plant trees. We planted trees joyfully together, digging holes with tool. With the warmer weather there, everyone enjoyed the happiness of labor and sow seeds of expectations for the future. This tree planting activity provided with a good platform for the communication between teachers and us students. They enabled us to contribute to build a beautiful and green hometown together. At same time, we felt the new concept of contemporary China personal.

【答案】

 

【解析】这是一篇记叙文。短文叙述了3月12日,作者学校环境俱乐部组织了一次名为“绿色家园”的具体活动内容以及这次活动的意义。

第一处:考查过去分词。分析句子可知,name与activity在逻辑上是被动关系,所以用过去分词作后置定语。故将naming改成named。

第二处:考查关系副词。分析句子可知,schoolyard 为先行词,在后面定语从句中作地点状语,所以关系副词为where。故将when改成where。

第三处:考查名词单复数。此处tool是可数名词,而且不止一个,应用复数形式。故将tool改成tools。

第四处:考查形容词。分析句子可知,伴随着温暖的天气,每个人都享受着劳动的快乐,播下了对未来的期望的种子。所以本句并没有比较的意思。故将warmer改成warm。

第五处:考查一般过去时/动名词。此处sow与前面的enjoyed可以是并列谓语,要保持时态一致。另外,也可用它的动名词形式充当enjoyed的宾语。故将sow改成sowed/sowing。

第六处:考查动词。分析句子可知,provide sth for sb为固定短语,所以with多余了。故去掉with。

第七处:考查代词。此处主语是指platform,故用表单数的it来指代。故将They改成It。

第八处:考查动名词。contribute to 为固定短语。to是介词后接动名词building作宾语。故将build改成building。

第九处:考查冠词。at same time为固定短语。故At后加the。

第十处:考查副词。此处应用副词personally修饰动词feel。故将personal改成personally。

定语从句中关系词的选择可考虑以下三点:

(1) 一看先行词的意义,即分清先行词是指人、指物、时间、地点还是原因(如指物时不能用who或whom,指人时通常不用which等。

(2) 二看关系词的句法功能,即分清关系词是担任什么句子成分,是作主语还是宾语、是作定语还是状语等(如作定语通常用whose,有时也用which;作状语要用when, where, why。

(3) 三看定语从句的种类,即分清是限制性定语从句还是非限制性定语从句(如that和why通常不引导非限制性定语从句。

分析第二处的句子可知,schoolyard 为先行词,在后面定语从句中作地点状语,所以关系副词为where。故将when改成where。

【2020届重庆市一中高三上学期摸底】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文 文中共 有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写岀该加的词

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分

To be honesty, it was my older brother that inspired my passion for the violin. When I was five years old, he came home from school one day with the violin and played it. I was green with envy and wanted to start immediate. My first violin is given by my violin teacher and I named it with the little dog called ToTo in The Wizard of Oz. Now, I am the youngest members of the Australian Youth Orchestra. Surrounded by much more older and more advanced players, I have no choice but try and keep up with both the level of playing and the musicianship around me. I often invite some of my friends which are not so into classical music to a concert and he love it. You just don't have to be a musical genius to attend a concert.

【答案】(1)honesty→honest

(2)将the →a

(3)将immediate→immediately

(4)将is→was

(5)将with→after

(6)将members→member

(7)将older前的more去掉

(8)在try前加to

(9)将which→who/that

(10)将he→they

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了我爱上拉小提琴的经历。

第一处:考查固定搭配。句意:老实说,是我哥哥激发了我对小提琴的热情。to be honest表示“老实说”,故honesty改为honest。

第二处:考查冠词。句意:我五岁的时候,有一天他放学带回家一把小提琴,然后拉了起来。此处泛指“一把小提琴”,故the 改为a。

第三处:考查副词。句意:我非常羡慕,想马上开始学小提琴。修饰动词start用副词,故immediate改为immediately。

第四处:考查时态。句意:我的第一把小提琴是我的小提琴老师给我的,我用一只叫托托的小狗的名字给它命名。讲述的是过去的事情,应该用一般过去时,故is改为was。

考查固定搭配。句意同上,name…after表示“以……命名”,故with改为after。

考查可数名词单复数。句意:现在,我是澳大利亚青年乐团最年轻的成员。“I am”表明此处用可数名词单数,故members改为member。

第七处:考查形容词比较级。句意:周围都是更年长、更优秀的小提琴选手,我别无选择,只能努力跟上我的水平和技巧。older本身就是比较级,前面不需要再用more,去删掉older前的more。

第八处:考查固定句式。句意同上,have no choice but to do表示“除……之外别无选择”,故在try前加to。

第九处:考查定语从句。句意:我经常邀请一些不太喜欢古典音乐的朋友去听音乐会,他们很喜欢。先行词为some of my friends,指人,关系词在从句中作主语,故which改为who/that。

第十处:考查代词。句意同上,此处指代some of my friends,故he改为they。

【湖南省长沙市第一中学2020届高三第一次月考】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线("划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1 .每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Lady and gentlemen,

Welcome. Let me introduce my hometown to you. I hope you will enjoy the beautiful countryside with me as your guide.

In first glance, my hometown is a very ordinary place, which is not different from any another town. There are two thousand people living here, but very little shops or restaurants, so people have to go to the mall in the city. Why does travelers come from all over the country to visit our town then? Some of the scenery in this area ranks among best in the country. It is a place where you can see many tall maple trees, that wide roads run alongside farms, and where a big river flows with countless ducks on it. With such many beautiful things to see, my hometown appeals to many professional photographers.

I think you will have a good time there.

【答案】1.Lady→Ladies

2.In→At

3.another→other

4.little→few

5.or→and

6.does→do

7.best前面加the

8.that→where

9.such→so

10.there→here

【解析】这是一篇说明文。作者给来到自己家乡的人介绍自己的家乡风景。

1.考查名词的数。句意:女士们先生们。lady为可数名词,此处前面没有冠词,故用复数形式。故Lady改为Ladies。

2.考查固定短语。句意:乍一看,我的家乡是一个非常普通的地方,没有什么不同于其他城镇。固定短语at first glance“乍一看;初看”。故In改为At。

3.考查代词。短语any other“其他的;任何其他的”,故another改为other。

4.考查代词。句意:有两千人住在这里,但是很少有商店和餐馆,所以人们不得不去城里的购物中心。下文shops与restaurants为可数名词,需要few修饰。故little改为few。

5.考查连词。shops与restaurants为并列名词,故or改为and。

6.考查主谓一致。句意: 那么为什么全国各地的游客都来参观我们的小镇呢?本句主语为travelers,故助动词应用do。故does改为do。

7.考查冠词。句意:这个地区的一些风景是全国最好的。best为形容词最高级,前面需要定冠词。故best前面加the。

8.考查定语从句连接词。句意:在这里,你可以看到许多高大的枫树,宽阔的道路沿着农场延伸,还有一条大河,河里有无数的鸭子。本句为定语从句修饰先行词place,且先行词在从句中做地点状语应用关系副词where。故that改为where。

9.考查固定短语。句意:有这么多美丽的东西可以看,我的家乡吸引了很多专业摄影师。固定短语so many“如此多的;这么多”,故such改为so。

10.考查代词。句意:我想你在这里会玩得很开心。根据上文可知作者是在家乡当地给别人介绍的,应该是“这里”。故there改为here。

【内蒙古自治区鄂尔多斯市一中2019—2020学年高三上学期9月月考】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文;请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处。

It’s time for us to graduate. Before parting, our class is going to hold the last class meeting, which theme will be the Past Golden Days. We plan to have several activities to bring a unforgettable ending to our beautiful days. Firstly, we will watch the photos take during the three years, especial about our school events. It will surely make everyone to recall those precious moments. Then we’ll extend our sincere gratitude to our teachers. It is them who give without asking anything for return. Then came one of the most important moment in our life—a big party. In a word, I hope the last class meeting will meaningfu

【答案】1.第二句,which改为whose。

2.第三句,a改为an。

3.第四句,take改为taken。

4.第四句,especial改为especially。

5.第五句,删除to。

6.第七句,them改为they。

7.第七句,for改为in。

8.第八句,came改为comes。

9.第八句,moment改为moments。

10.第九句,在will后加be。

【吉林省梅河口市第五中学等校2020届高三上学期8月联考】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Great changes have been taken place in my village.Ten years ago, the small and low houses of my village lie on the north of a lake. The villagers produced many waste. As a result, the lake was seriously polluted. To the west of the village was a sandy field, where was the source of much dust.

Now the poor house have been replaced by green trees. However, the sandy field that the villagers used to plough has been covered of fruit trees. On the lake, now clean and clearly, the villagers often spend their spare time fish.

In word, my village has become a green one.

【答案】1. 把have后面的been去掉;2. 把lie改成lay;3. 把many改成much;4. 把where改成which;5. 把house改成houses;6. 把However改成Besides/Additionally;7. 把of改成with;8. 把clearly改成clear;9. 把fish改成fishing;10. 在in后面加a

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍了十年前的村庄和十年后村子所发生的巨大变化。

1.考查语态。句意:我的村庄发生了巨大的变化。此处take place“发生”,相当于不及物动词,没有被动语态,故把have后面的been去掉。

2.考查时态。句意:十年前,我们村低矮的小房子坐落在湖的北面。根据Ten years ago可知句子用一般过去时态,故把lie改成lay。

3.考查many和much的用方法。句意:村民们制造了许多废物。此处waste是不可数名词,由much修饰,故把many改成much。

4.考查定语从句。句意:村子的西边是一片沙地,这是许多灰尘的来源。此处field是先行词,指物,在后面的非限制性定语从句中作主语,that不能引导非限制性定语从句,故把where改成which。

5.考查名词复数。句意:现在,可怜的房子已经被绿色的树木所取代。结合句意可知此处用名词复数,故把house改成houses。

6.考查副词。句意:另外,村民们过去犁地的沙地上已经长满了果树。前后是一种递进关系,故把However改成Besides/Additionally。

7.考查固定词组。句意:另外,村民们过去犁地的沙地上已经长满了果树。固定词组:be covered with“被------覆盖”。故把of改成with。

8.考查形容词作伴随状语。句意:湖上现在干净了,村民们经常在业余时间钓鱼。此处用形容词作伴随状语,故把clearly改成clear。

9.考查固定搭配。句意:湖上现在干净了,村民们经常在业余时间钓鱼。固定搭配:spend---(in)doing sth.“在做某事上花费”。故把fish改成fishing。

10.考查固定词组。句意:总之,我的村庄已经成为一个绿色的村庄。固定词组:in a word“总而言之”。故在in后面加a。

【安徽省芜湖市第一中学2020届高三上学期基础检测】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Good morning, everyone! Today, I’d like to talk about culture shock. Perhaps you think studying in different country is something sounded very exciting. It is a new experience, where brings the opportunity of discovering amazed things. It also brought a feeling of freedom. Despite of these advantages, therefore, there are also some challenges you will face. You may have difficulty adjust to quite different things. To be exactly, culture shock is a feeling of anxiety, uncertainty and confusion felt by people when you first arrive in another country.

【答案】第一处:different前加a

第二处:sounded→sounding

第三处:where→which

第四处:amazed→amazing

第五处:brought→brings

第六处:Despite后的of去掉

第七处:therefore→however

第八处:adjust→adjusting

第九处:exactly→exact

第十处:when后的you→they

【解析】这是一篇应用文(演讲稿)。作者从自己的角度简谈文化冲击。

第一处:考查冠词。句意:也许你认为在不同的国家学习听起来很令人兴奋。根据句意可知,在此处的different country表示泛指,故将different前加a。

第二处:考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,sounded是过去分词,表示被动,和题意不符,sounding是现在分词做后置定语,意为“听起来”,故将sounded改成sounding。

第三处:考查定语从句连词。分析句子结构可知,where在定语从句中作地点状语,而此处的从句缺少主语,又因先行词是a new experience,故将where改成which。

第四处:考查形容词。句意:这是一种新的体验,它带来了发现神奇事物的机会。根据句意可知,amazing意为“令人惊讶的”,通常修饰物,而amazed意为“惊讶的”,通常主语是人,故将amazed改为amazing。

第五处:考查时态。根据语境可知,此处应该用一般现在时,故将brought改成brings。

第六处:考查介词。句意:尽管有这些优势,但是你也会面临一些挑战。根据句意可知,despite意为“虽然、尽管”,本身是介词,其后无需再加介词,故将Despite后的of去掉。

第七处:考查副词。句意:尽管有这些优势,但是你也会面临一些挑战。根据句意可知,此处是转折关系,而非因果关系,故将therefore改成however。

第八处:考查固定搭配。句意:你可能很难适应完全不同的事物。根据句意可知,have difficulty (in) doing sth.是固定搭配,意为“做……有困难”,故将adjust改成adjusting。

第九处:考查固定搭配。句意:确切地说,文化冲击是一种焦虑感。根据句意可知,to be exact是固定搭配,意为“确切地说”,故将exactly改成exact。

第十处:考查人称代词。语意:确切地说,文化冲击是人们刚到另一个国家时的一种焦虑、不确定和困惑的感觉。根据句意可知,they在此处指people,people是复数名词,不能用you来指代,故将when后的you改成they。

【河南省十所名校2020届高中毕业班尖子生第一次考试】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The newly-built Sports Park lying in Nanshan District, which theme is “Making sports part of our life”, is to opened to the public soon. Cover an area of 30,000 square kilometres, the park was one of the largest modern parks in our city. It combine physical exercise with entertainment.

The Sports Park features a plenty of top exercise facilities which will meet people’ s needs for doing exercise as well as convenient receiving professional training. What’ s more, that is surprising that the whole park and facilities have been designed to be used on free.

People are welcome to visit the Sports Park or enjoy the pleasure of sports.

【答案】which→whose

to后面加上be

Cover→Covering

was→is

combine→combines

去掉a

convenient→conveniently

that→it

on→for

or→and

【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了在南山区新建的体育公园。该园结合运动与娱乐为一体,是该市最大的现代化公园之一。在那里可以受到非常专业的训练,而且所有的设施都是免费使用的。

1.    考查关系代词。句意:在南山区新建的体育公园将很快开放给公众,其主题为“让运动成为生活的一部分”。分析句子可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,在从句中缺少定语来修饰theme,which在从句中不可充当定语的作用,故将which改为whose。

2.    考查被动语态。分析句子可知,The newly-built Sports Park新建的体育公园是动词open的承受者,因此需将主动语态改为被动语态。故在to后面加上be。

3.    考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,主句已经有谓语动词is,与前一句之间没有连词,而且是逗号,所以Cover应该用非谓语形式,根据主语the park和cover之间是主动关系,故要用现在分词作状语。故将Cover改为Covering。

4.    考查动词时态。文章时态应保持一致。分析文章可知,文章使用了一般现在时,故将was改为is。

5.    考查动词。句意:这个公园将体育锻炼和娱乐融合在一起。该句中It指代前文中出现的the park,为单数,因此该句中的谓语动词应使用单数形式,故将combine改为combines。

6.    考查固定表达。plenty of意为很多的、大量的,为固定搭配,a多余,故去掉a。

7.    考查副词。分析句子可知,receive为动词,需副词对其进行修饰,但convenient为形容词。故将convenient改为conveniently。

8.    考查主语从句。分析句子可知,句中真正的主语为the whole park and facilities have been designed to be used on free,需用it作形式主语,故将that改为it。

9.    考查固定搭配。for free意为免费地,为固定搭配,故将on改为for。

10.    考查连词。句意:欢迎人们到体育公园来,享受运动的乐趣。分析句子可知,visit the Sports Park、enjoy the pleasure是并列关系,不是选择关系,故将or改为and。

主语从句中,it作形式主语指代后面的that从句,但为了避免头重脚轻就把that从句置后了,实际上that从句是主语,所以是主语从句。that后面接完整的句子,that在从句中不做任何成分,没有实际意义。对于以连词that引导的主语从句,通常用形式主语代主语从句,如:It’s a pity that he didn’t come. 很遗憾他没来。

【湖北省部分重点中学2019-2020学年高三上学期零模】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I'm glad to hear that you are considering make up with Peter. If I were you, I would consider a bike for a birthday present.

As far as I know, Peter is always in poor health, so he should take more exercises by riding a bike to have his body build up. Meanwhile, you can often go out by bike together, which was helpful in rebuilding your friendship. Besides, taking a bike is environmentally friendly means of transport. It is convenient to get around as well. Apart from giving him a gift, and you can also adopt other means, such as traveling, seeing a movie, having dinner and going shopping. No matter how you do, being sincere is the most important. Don't hesitate, and trying to take action. I really hope that we can make up and be good friends forever.

【答案】make→making

for→as

exercises→exercise

build→built

was→is

environmentally前面加上an

how→what

trying→try

we→you

【黑龙江省大庆市铁人中学2020届高三上学期开学】文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。

修改:在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Nowadays fewer students take exercise due to various reason and some students fall ill every now and then because of they are not healthy or strong enough. However, we should take exercise regularly to improve our health.

First of all, taking PE classes seriously. In PE classes we can build up our bodies with the careful guidance of PE teachers. Secondly, it is of great important to make it a routine to exercise after class or during breaks. In addition, it was also a good idea to join a sports club that you are interested.

As the old saying go, "The first wealth is health." Let's do more exercise to live a better and healthy life.

【答案】(1)将reason改为reasons;

(2)去掉of;

(3)将However改为Therefore或者Thus;

(4)将taking改为take;

(5)将with改为under;

(6)将important改为importance;

(7)将was改为is;

(8)在interested后面加in;

(9)将go改为goes;

(10)将healthy改为healthier

 

栏目导航

  1. 英语辅导

猜你喜欢高三辅导

高三辅导热门文章

高三辅导头条信息

高三辅导最新信息

高三辅导推荐信息

高三辅导特荐信息

高三辅导滚动信息

高三辅导重点信息

高三辅导图文信息

高三辅导跳转信息

学历评测