淮南英语辅导 2020届高三百所名校好题之完形填空

来源:未知 作者:高考提分狙击手 时间:2020-08-06 10:00 点击:

淮南英语补课:2020届高三百所名校好题---完形填空

 

【安徽省“江淮十校”2019-2020年高三上学期第一次联考】完形填空(共20题:每小题1. 5分,满分30分

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(AB、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was 1933. I had been laid off my part-time job and could no longer make my   21   to the family larder(食品贮藏柜). Our only income was what Mother could make by doing dressmaking for others.

Then Mother was   22   for a few weeks and unable to work. The electric company cut off the power   23   we couldn’t pay the bill. Then the gas company cut off the gas. Then the   24    company. But the Health Department made them   25   the water back on for reasons of sanitation(卫生设备) The cupboard got very bare.    26   we had vegetable garden and were able to cook some of its   27   in a campfire in the backyard.

Then one day my younger sister came tripping   28    from school, saying: "We’re supposed to    29   something to school tomorrow to give to the poor.

Mother started to blurt out, "I don’t know of anyone who is    30    poorer than we are," when her mother, who was living with us at the time, shushed (嘘) her with hand on her arm and

    31    

“Eva,” she said, "if you    32    that child the idea that she is one of the poor folks’    33     her age, she will be one of the poor folks’ for the rest of her    34    . There is one jar of that homemade jelly    35    . She can take that.

Grandmother    36    our last jar of jelly with some tissue paper and a little bit of pink ribbon, and Sis    37    to school the next day    38     carrying her" gift to the poor”.

And,     39    if there was a problem in the community, Sis just naturally assumed that she was supposed to be part of the    40    .

(    )21. A. money        B. bed          C. way          D. contribution

(    )22. A. absent        B. sick        C. upset          D. dangerous

(    )23. A. until      B. before        C. when          D. if

(    )24. A. gas           B. water        C. electric        D. business

(    )25. A. turn      B. return        C. rebuild        D. look

(    )26. A. Therefore    B. Eventually  C. Undoubtedly    D. Fortunately

(    )27. A. produce      B. goods      C. food          D. meals

(    )28. A. garden        B. homework     C. home          D. dress

(    )29. A. sell      B. transport      C. buy            D. take

(    )30. A. many        B. any          C. much          D. a few

(    )31. A. nod        B. kiss          C. frown          D. bite

(    )32. A. give    B. think          C. ensure        D. form

(    )33. A. despite        B. for          C. at            D. in

(    )34. A. life          B. school        C. childhood      D. adolescence

(    )35. A. belonged    B. left          C. occupied        D. possessed

(    )36. A. provided      B. filled        C. purchased        D. wrapped

(    )37. A. put          B. sent          C. set            D. tripped

(    )38. A. desperately    B. proudly    C. hurriedly    D. unwillingly

(    )39. A. as ever      B. ever before    C. ever after    D. for ever

(    )40. A. solution      B. community    C. society        D. world

【答案】21.D22.B23.C24.B25.A26.D27.A28.C29.D30.B31.C32.A33.C34.A35.B36.D37.D38.B39.C40.A

【分析】这是一篇记叙文。作者的家庭很穷,但是他的奶奶告诉他们一个道理,不要让孩子们从小就拥有自己穷的思想,这样会影响他们的余生,奶奶的这种做法,让他们感觉到自己很重要,是能够帮助别人解决问题的人。

21.考查名词辨析。句意:我丢掉了兼职工作,无法为养家糊口继续贡献力量。A. money    钱;B. bed床;C. way道路,方法;    D. contribution贡献。由下句论述家里的唯一收入是妈妈为别人做衣服挣的钱,可知这里是我没有办法为家里做贡献。make money意为“挣钱”,不符合句意。make one’s contribution to意为“对……做出贡献”,符合句意。故选D。

22.考查形容词辨析。句意:后来母亲病了几周,无法工作。A. absent缺席,离开;B. sick生病的;C. upset心烦的,混乱的;D. dangerous危险的。由and后“母亲无法工作”可知,母亲是生病了。故选B。

23.考查状语从句的连词。句意:当我们无法支付电费的时候电力公司切断了电源。这是一个时间状语从句,A. until直到;B. before在……之前;C. when当……的时候;D. if如果。根据常识,当你交不起电费的时候,电力公司才会断电。故选C。

24.考查名词辨析。句意:先是电力公司断电、然后是煤气公司停了煤气,最后是水利公司。A. gas煤气;B. water水;C. electric电力;D. business商务。由下句中讲述的卫生部让他们恢复水可知,这里停的是水。故选B。

25.考查动词辨析。句意:但卫生部因为公共卫生的原因让他们给我们放了水。A. turn转动;B. return返回;C. rebuild重建;D. look看。我们知道水电的供应都是打开一个供应阀,故用turn…on(打开,开通)。故选A。

26.考查副词。句意:幸运的是,我们家种了个菜园,我们还能在后院生火用菜园的农产品做菜充饥。A. Therefore因此;B. Eventually最终;C. Undoubtedly毫无疑问的;D. Fortunately幸运地。这句话中的有菜可吃与前边的食厨空了形成对比,所以是一件很幸运的事。故选D。

27.考查名词辨析。句意同上。A. produce农产品;B. goods商品;C. food食物;D. meals饭。由于空格前的its指代the vegetable garden,且菜园直接的产物是一些农产品,不能直接生产食物与饭。故选A。

28.考查副词。句意:一天妹妹欢快地从学校回来说:“明天我们要带些东西去学校,送给穷人。” A. garden花园;B. homework家庭作业;C. home家;D. dress连衣裙。由于妹妹从学校回来,并且回来跟家人说,所以说说妹妹是回到家。故选C。

29.考查动词辨析。句意同上。A. sell卖;B. transport运输;C. buy买;D. take拿,带走。由“to school(带去学校)”与“give to the poor(送给穷人)”可知是要带去学校。并且此空格与下文中的“She can take that”呼应。故选D。

30.考查比较级的修饰语。句意:我不知道还有谁比我们更穷。空格位于形容词比较级poorer前,应用副词来修饰。选项中只有any与much可用来修饰比较级,much用于肯定句中,在否定句、疑问句或条件句中,一般用any修饰比较级。故选B。

31.考查动词辨析。句意:当时和我们住在一起的外婆赶忙用手抓住她的手臂,皱了皱眉制止了她。A. nod    点头;B. kiss吻;C. frown皱眉,不同意;D. bite咬。由外婆的话可知,外婆不同意妈妈的做法,所以应该是皱着眉头说。故选C。

32.考查动词辨析。句意:如果你给那孩子在她这个年纪就认为自己是“穷人”中的一员,那她一生都会是一个穷人。A. give    给;B. think认为;C. ensure确信;D. form形成。“give sb. the idea/impression that”意为“给某人以……的想法/印象”。故选A。

33.考查介词。句意同上。A. despite尽管;B. for因为,作为;C. at在;D. in在……里边;这里强调妹妹小时候这个时间节点,使用介词at,故选C。

34.考查名词辨析。句意同上。A. life生命、人生;B. school学校;C. childhood童年时期;D. adolescence青春期。从文章最后描述的这个事对妹妹以后生活的影响,可知外婆强调的是对孩子一生(life)的影响。故选A。

35.考查动词辨析。句意:家里还剩一瓶自制果酱。A. belonged属于;B. left留下,剩下;C. occupied使用中的;D. possessed拥有的。下句外婆说妹妹可以拿走,所以这里指还留下一些。故选B。

36.考查动词辨析。句意:外婆用一些包装纸和一点儿粉红色缎带,将我们仅剩的一瓶果酱包好。A. provided    提供;B. filled装;C. purchased    购买;D. wrapped包裹。由于妹妹要带去学校,所以外婆给她包好果酱。故选D。

37.考查动词辨析。句意:第二天,妹妹带上这份“送给穷人的礼物” 欢快且自豪地去了学校。A. put放;B. sent送;C. set使处于,使开始;D. tripped脚步轻快地走(或跑或跳)。此空格与前文中的tripping home from school呼应,故选D。

38.考查副词辨析。句意同上。A. desperately绝望地;B. proudly    自豪地;C. hurriedly    匆忙地;D. unwillingly不情愿地。由于妹妹拿着给穷人的礼物去学校了,所以应该是感到很自豪的。故选B。

39.考查介词短语。句意:从此以后,只要社区有困难,妹妹自然而然地就会觉得自己应该是解决困难的人中的一员。A. as ever 同往常一样;B. ever before以前;C. ever after从此一直;C. for ever永远。这句话强调这个事件对妹妹以后生活的影响,故选C。

40.考查名词辨析。句意同上。A. solution    解决方案;B. community社区;C. society社会;D. world世界。文章的主旨是你永远是问题的解决办法,而不是问题,故选A。

 

【2020届8月贵州省贵阳市普通高中高三摸底】

Barry White, Jt., a fifth grade English teacher at Ashley Park PreK-8 School, has a personalized handshake as greetings with every one of his students every day.

The students know that when they     21     the school gate we do our ‘good mornings,’ and then it’s time to    22     ” White told ABC News of his enthusiastic     23    . “I’m always pumped up     24     . we start doing the moves, which brings them     25     and cheers them up for a high-energy    26    .”

Each handshake is different, using custom moves inspired by the student’s personality.

“I started with one simple handshake last year with one of my     27     graders,” he explained. “The girl of fourth grade would     28     me every morning before she’d go to class. She’d get in trouble sometimes for being late because she’d wait on the     29    .”

“This year I started     30     handshakes with the kids during class breaks. It was just one or two students and then it became contagious (有感染力的) , he     31     .” I saw how much it     32     to them, so I said, Come on, everyone! Come on! Then it was my     33     class, then it was kids from other classes. Now I have third graders wanting to do it too.

His administration loves the     34     which White brings to his students each day. “Barry’s handshakes    35     his own authentic building relationships with     36     . When I walk into my teachers’ rooms, I see the     37     of those strong and trusting relationships. When kids know their teacher     38    , they are attentive, engaged and driven to be     39    . That’s the culture we are     40    ,” said principal (校长) Meaghan Loftus.

21. A. get to B. search for C. break into D. knock at

22. A. leave B. try C. stop D. go

23. A. greetings B. helping C. servings D. treating

24. A. or B. and C. but D. for

25. A. relief B. envy C. sorrow D. excitement

26. A. meeting B. quarrel C. class D. food

27. A. third B. fourth C. fifth D. sixth

28. A. nod to B. smile at C. wait for D. knock into

29. A. headmaster B. teacher C. handshake D. administration

30. A. discussing B. classifying C. confirming D. making

31. A. added B. shouted C. repeated D. responded

32. A. owed B. took C. meant D. lent

33. A. former B. full C. empty D. boring

34. A. challenge B. justice C. chance D. enthusiasm

35. A. deny B. represent C. admit D. expect

36. A. students B. colleagues C. parents D. members

37. A. confidence B. patience C. influence D. pressure

38. A. doubts B. hesitates C. intends D. cares

39. A. successful B. polite C. gentle D. helpful

40. A. analyzing       B. building            C. describing         D. changing

【答案】21.A22.D23.A24.B25.D26.C27.B28.C29.C30.D31.A32.C33.B34.D35.B36.A37.C38.D39.A40.B

【分析】这是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了一名五年级英语老师Barry White每天都要和每一位学生进行个性化的握手问候。每一次握手都是不同的,使用的是受学生个性启发而定制的动作。握手代表了Barry White与学生之间建立的真实关系。而当孩子们知道他们的老师关心他们的时候,他们就会变得专注、投入并努力取得成功。

21.考查动词短语辨析。句意:学生们知道,当他们到达校门口时,我们会说‘早上好’,然后就该走了。”A. get to到达;B. search for寻找;C. break into闯入;D. knock at敲。根据下文the school gate可知是到达校门口,故选A。

22.考查动词词义辨析。句意:学生们知道,当他们到达校门口时,我们会说‘早上好’,然后就该走了。”A. leave离开;B. try尝试;C. stop停止;D. go出发。短语time to go“该走了”。故选D。

23.考查名词词义辨析。句意:怀特在接受美国广播公司新闻采访时表示了他的热情问候。A. greetings问候;B. helping帮助;C. servings服务;D. treating招待。根据上文his enthusiastic可知是问候。故选A。

24.考查连词辨析。句意:“我总是充满活力,我们开始做动作,这给他们带来了兴奋,让他们在高能量的课堂上振奋起来。”A. or或者;B. and并且;C. but但是;D. for为了。根据上下文语境为承接关系,故用and。故选B。

25.考查名词词义辨析。句意:“我总是充满活力,我们开始做动作,这给他们带来了兴奋,让他们在高能量的课堂上振奋起来。”A. relief救济;B. envy嫉妒;C. sorrow悲伤;D. excitement激动。根据下文cheers them up可知给他们带来了兴奋。故选D。

26.考查名词词义辨析。句意:“我总是充满活力,我们开始做动作,这给他们带来了兴奋,让他们在高能量的课堂上振奋起来。”A. meeting会议;B. quarrel吵架;C. class班级;课堂;D. food食物。根据上文可知是在学校,因此是课堂。故选C。

27.考查序数词辨析。句意:他解释说:“去年,我和一个四年级的学生握了握手。”A. third第三;B. fourth第四;C. fifth第五;D. sixth第六。根据下文fourth grade可知是四年级。故选B。

28.考查动词短语辨析。句意:四年级的那个女孩每天早上上学前都会等我。A. nod to向……点头;B. smile at微笑;C. wait for等待;D. knock into撞上。根据下文she’d wait可知是在等待作者。故选C。

29.考查名词词义辨析。句意:她有时会因为迟到而惹上麻烦,因为她总是等着别人和她握手。A. headmaster校长;B. teacher老师;C. handshake握手;D. administration管理。根据上文I started with one simple handshake last year with one of my可知是在等待握手。故选C。

30.考查动词词义辨析。句意:今年我开始在课间休息时和孩子们握手。A. discussing讨论;B. classifying分类;C. confirming确定;D. making制造。固定短语make handshakes“握手”,故选D。

31.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他补充说,当时只有一两个学生,然后就开始传染了。A. added补充;B. shouted叫喊;C. repeated重复;D. responded回答。根据句意故选A。

32.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我知道这对他们有多重要,所以我说,大家加油!A. owed亏欠;B. took带走;C. meant意味着;意义重大;D. lent借。根据句意可知表示“重要”,故选C。

33.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:然后是我的全班同学,然后是其他班的同学。A. former从前的;B. full完全的;C. empty空的;D. boring无聊的。根据上文可知握手在班级里传染开,直到整个班级都开始握手。故选B。

34.考查名词词义辨析。句意:他的上级喜欢怀特每天给他的学生带来的热情。A. challenge挑战;B. justice正义;C. chance机会;D. enthusiasm热情。根据上文White told ABC News of his enthusiastic可知怀特很热情。故选D。

35.考查动词词义辨析。句意:巴里的握手代表了他与学生们建立真实的关系。A. deny否认;B. represent代表;C. admit承认;D. expect期待。根据句意故选B。

36.考查名词词义辨析。句意:巴里的握手代表了他与学生们建立真实的关系。A. students学生;B. colleagues同事;C. parents父母;D. members成员。根据上文可知巴里是和学生握手,因此是和学生建立关系。故选A。

37.考查名词词义辨析。句意:当我走进老师的房间时,我看到了那些牢固而信任的关系的影响。A. confidence自信;B. patience耐心;C. influence影响;D. pressure压力。根据下文of those strong and trusting relationships可知是看到了关系的影响。故选C。

38.考查动词词义辨析。句意:当孩子们知道他们的老师关心他们的时候,他们就会变得专注、投入并努力取得成功。A. doubts怀疑;B. hesitates犹豫;C. intends打算;D. cares关心。怀特的行为是对学生的一种关心,故选D。

39.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:当孩子们知道他们的老师关心他们的时候,他们就会变得专注、投入并努力取得成功。A. successful成功的;B. polite有礼貌的;C. gentle温和的;D. helpful有帮助的。根据上文attentive, engaged and driven to be可知学生会取得成功。故选A。

40.考查动词词义辨析。句意:这就是我们正在建立的文化。A. analyzing分析;B. building建造;C. describing描述;D. changing改变。根据句意故选B。

 

【广西柳州市2020届高三摸底】

Clara Daly was seated on an Alaska Airlines flight from Boston to Los Angeles when a flight attendant(服务员)asked an urgent question over the loudspeaker: "Does anyone on board know American Sign Language? "Clara.15.   21    the call button.The flight attendant   22   and explained the situation.We have a passenger on the plane who’s    23   and deaf", she said.The passenger seemed to want something, but he was traveling alone and the flight attendants couldn’t   24   what he needed.

Clara had been studying ASL for the past year and was able to finger spell on the man’s   25   .So she   26   her seat belt, walked toward the front of the plane, and   27   by the seat of the passenger, Tim Cook Gently taking his hand, she   28   : How are you? Are you OK?" Tim asked for some water.When it   29   , Clara returned to her seat.She came again a bit later because Tim wanted to know the   30   .Clara got him to know that it was nearly 10 a m.On her third    31   ,she stopped and stayed for a while.

“Wow, this is cool, "Clara said to the flight attendant.In fact, he didn’t need anything.He was just   32   and wanted to talk.”

So for the next hour, they were both   33   , chatting with each other.She talked about her family and her   34    for the future(she wants to be a politician).Tim told Clara how he had   35   become blind over time and   36   stories of his days as a traveling salesman.

"Clara was   37   , " the flight attendant told New York Times during an online   38   .”You could see Tim was very excited to have someone he could   39   with, and Clara was like a(an)   40   ,appearing in need, unexpectedly.”

Cook’s reaction:" Best trip I've ever had.”

21.A.put B.pressed C.made D.covered

22.A.came by B.sat down C.looked up D walked away

23.A.cold B.mad C.blind D.sick

24.A.believe B.notice C.accept D.understand

25.A.hand B.arm C.book D.desk

26.A.left B.tied C.unfastened D.broke

27.A.stood up B.bent over C.lay down D.turned over

28.A.shook B.wrote C.shouted D.whispered

29.A.arrived B.appeared C.dropped D.stopped

30.A.job B.flight C.seat D.time

31.A.trip B.chat C.letter D.visit

32.A.terrified B.thirsty C.lonely D.delighted

33.A.displeased B.regretful C.relaxed D.lucky

34.A.courses B.plans C.doubts D.problems

35.A.generally B.immediately C.increasingly D.gradually

36.A.shared B.forgot C.repeated D.complained

37.A.nervous B.shy C.selfish D.caring

38.A.interview B.job C.lesson D.opportunity

39.A.live B.work C.communicate D.start

40.A.attendant B.angel C.student D.dancer

【答案】21.B22.A23.C24.D25.A26.C27.B28.B29.A30.D31.D32.C33.C34.B35.A36.A37.D38.A39.C40.B

【分析】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了一个乘客善解人意,乐于助人的故事。

21.考查动词辨析。句意:按下呼叫按钮。A. put 放;B. pressed 压;C. made 做;D. covered 盖。常识知按钮是用来按的。故选B项。

22.考查动词短语辨析。句意:乘务员走过来解释情况。A. came by 路过;B. sat down 坐下;C. looked up 抬头;D. walked away 走开。根据前后文知,乘务员不在我身边,需要走过来给我解释情况。故选A项。

23.考查形容词辨析。句意:我们飞机上有一个又瞎又聋的乘客。A. cold 感冒的;B. mad 疯癫的;C. blind 失明的;D. sick 生病的。后文提到“become blind over time”他是盲人。故选C项。

24.考查动词辨析。句意:但他独自旅行,乘务员不明白他需要什么。A. believe 相信;B. notice 通知;C. accept 接受;D. understand 理解。乘务员不明白他需要什么,才询问机上是否有人会手语。故选D项。

25.考查名词辨析。句意:她能用手指拼写出这个男人的名字。A. hand 手;B. arm 手臂;C. book 书;D. desk 桌子。他使用的是手语,故他当然用手来拼写。故选A项。

26.考查动词辨析。句意:于是她解开安全带,走向飞机前部。A. left 留下;B. tied 打结;C. unfastened 松开;D. broke 断开。常识知飞机上一般是系着安全带的,要离开的话要先解开安全带。故选C项。

27.考查动词短语辨析。句意:她坐着在乘客旁弯向他的座位。A. stood up 站起来;B. bent over 弯腰;C. lay down 躺下;D. turned over 翻身。他坐在旁边座位的话,需要弯向另一侧与乘客交流。故选B项。

28.考查动词辨析。句意:她写道:你好吗?你还好吗?”A. shook 摇;B. wrote 写;C. shouted 喊;D. whispered 小声说。根据乘客的状况,他是用手语“写”的。故选B项。

29.考查动词辨析。句意:蒂姆要了些水。水到了,克拉拉回到座位上。A. arrived 到达;B. appeared 出现;C. dropped 下降;D. stopped 停止。当乘客要的水来了之后,她就回去了。故选A项。

30.考查名词辨析。句意:因为蒂姆想知道时间。克拉拉让他知道已经快10点了。A. job 工作;B. flight 航班;C. seat 座位;D. time 时间。后文克拉拉让他知道已经快10点了。可知蒂姆想知道时间。故选D项。

31.考查名词辨析。句意:第三次来时,她在停下来呆了一会儿。A. trip 旅行;B. chat 聊天;C. letter 写信;D. visit 访问。她每次是来“拜访、询问”这位乘客的。故选D项。

32.考查形容词辨析。句意:他只是感到孤独,想谈谈。A. terrified 害怕的;B. thirsty 口渴的;C. lonely 孤独的;D. delighted 高兴的。当人感到孤独的时候,会希望与他人交谈。故选C项。

33.考查形容词辨析。句意:接下来的一个小时里,他们都很放松,互相聊天。A. displeased 不高兴的;B. regretful 遗憾的;C. relaxed 放松的;D. lucky 幸运的。根据下文,他们能坐下来聊的很好,双方肯定都很放松。故选C项。

34.考查名词辨析。句意:她谈到了自己的家庭和未来的计划(她想成为一名政治家)。A. courses 课程;B. plans 计划;C. doubts 疑问;D. problems 问题。后文“她想成为一名政治家”正是他未来的计划。故选B项。

35.考查副词辨析。句意:蒂姆告诉克拉拉,随着时间的推移,他变得失明,并分享了他作为一名旅行推销员的日子。A. generally 一般的地;B. immediately 立即地;C. increasingly 增加地;D. gradually逐渐地。他的失明是随着时间的推移变成的。故选A项。

36.考查动词辨析。句意:并分享了他作为一名旅行推销员的日子。A. shared 共享;B. forgot 忘记;C. repeated 重复;D. complained 抱怨。他向我分享了一个故事。故选A项。

37.考查形容词辨析。句意:克拉拉很关心人。A. nervous 紧张的;B. shy 害羞的;C. selfish 自私的;D. caring 关心的。克拉拉来了三次,还和这个乘客交流,可知她很体贴,善解人意。故选D项。

38.考查动词辨析。句意:空姐在接受《纽约时报》在线采访时说。A. interview 采访;B. job 工作;C. lesson 课程;D. opportunity 机会。媒体报道人的话自然是采访得出的。故选A项。

39.考查动词辨析。句意:你可以看到蒂姆很兴奋能有人和他交流。A. live 生活;B. work 工作;C. communicate 沟通;D. start 开始。前文提到他们交流的时候乘客很高兴,很兴奋。故选C项。

40.考查名词辨析。句意:克拉拉就像天使一样,出人意料地出现在需要的地方。A. attendant 服务员;B. angel 天使;C. student 学生;D. dancer 舞蹈演员。四个选项中只有B选项符合对克拉拉善解人意,乐于助人的形容。故选B项。

完形填空的解题技巧之一就是要根据上下文来学会“推理”出最佳选项。同学们要遵循“上下求索”的原则来查找信息。例如,第10小题要求判断乘客想知道什么,后文克拉拉让他知道已经快10点了。可知蒂姆想知道时间。故选D项。

【河北省邢台市2020届高三上学期第一次摸底】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I began to do volunteer work in grade seven. I experienced many meaningful moments, and the most    21    ones were when I was volunteering as a swimming    22    at the YMCA in Brockton, Massachusetts. At first, I was a teacher's    23    ."What are we going to do next? “When is the play time? These were just two of the questions I was often    24    there. On the day of my first class, I thought it was going to be a(n)     25    .job. I   26   that since I had taken swimming lessons from the age of five, I knew the    27    about swimming. After all, I was good at all    28    of swimming!     29    , I soon found out there was more about teaching swimming than just knowing how to swim.

During my first class, I assisted the swimming teacher in teaching a group of five-year-old kids. From that moment on, my     30     of teaching changed. Teaching is communicating. To instruct children, one has to make the lessons     31      and interesting for them to learn. I had to learn many games that would help the children to     32     as swimmers. Such as “Red Light, Green Light" and "Blast-Off." I must devote myself to teaching them and set a(n)     33     example to them.

I expected to teach a group of children, but it     34     my students were the ones who taught me how to be a(n)    35    teacher. Not only was it challenging to learn the children's names, but it was also challenging to    36    to their many personalities and moods. There were many      37     that went along with helping these children, among which was seeing a child     38     a task that he or she could not do before they met me.     39     , through the volunteer work, I learned that there would always be rewards by giving, and there would be     40     by making efforts.

21.A.peaceful B.optimistic C.independent D.unforgettable

22.A.learner B.athlete C.Instructor D.official

23.A.student B.assistant C.colleague D.servant

24.A.asked B.taught C.doubted D.explained

25.A.interesting B.ordinary C.challenging D.creative

26.A.declared B.stressed C.assume d D.concluded

27.A.fare B.trick C.ambition D.process

28.A.jobs B.abilities C.components D.styles

29.A.However B.Therefore C.Moreover D.Otherwise

30.A.expectation B.instruction C.requirement D.assessment

31.A.important B enjoyable C.famous D.flexible

32.A.develop B.promise C.discuss D.introduce

33.A.extreme B.classic C.active D.secure

34.A.turned out B.figured out C.came out D.pointed out

35.A.generous B.humorous C.outspoken D.helpful

36.A.respond B.contribute C.stick D.object

37.A.difficulties B features C.achievements D.situations

38.A.assign B organize C.recognize D.accomplish

39.A.Recently B.Occasionally C.Importantly D.Suddenly

40.A.adventures B.gains C.contests D.dreams

【答案】21.D22.C23.B24.A25.B26.C27.B28.D29.A30.D31.B32.A33.C34.A35.D36.A37.C38.D39.C40.B

【分析】本文是记叙文。文章讲述了作者曾经参加了一次教孩子们游泳的志愿者活动。通过这个活动,作者学会了如何当一个合格的老师,并感悟了“付出总有回报,努力就有收获”的人生哲理。

21.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我经历了许多有意义的时刻,其中最难忘的是我在马萨诸塞州布罗克顿的基督教青年会(YMCA)当一名游泳教练。A. peaceful和平的;B. optimistic乐观的;C. independent重要的;D. unforgettable难忘的。作者经历过很多次志愿者活动,但文章讲的这一次是他最难忘的( unforgettable)。故选D。

22.考查名词词义辨析。句意:我经历了许多有意义的时刻,其中最难忘的是我在马萨诸塞州布罗克顿的基督教青年会(YMCA)当一名游泳教练。A. learner    初学者;B. athlete运动员;C. instructor指导者;D. official官员。作者是去教孩子们如何游泳,是一个指导员( instructor)的角色。故选C。

23.考查名词词义辨析。句意:起初,我是一个老师的助理。A. student学生;B. assistant    助手;C. colleague同事;D. servant仆人。那次志愿者工作的第一天,作者当的是老师的一个助手( assistant)。故选B。

24.考查动词词义辨析。句意:“下一步我们要做什么?”“游戏时间是什么时候?”这只是我经常被问到的两个问题。A. asked询问;B. taught教;C. doubted怀疑;D. explained解释。孩子们天生爱玩,在学游泳的时候总是问( asked)作者问题。故选A。

25.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:上第一堂课的那天,我以为这将是一份普通的工作。A. interesting有趣的;B. ordinary普通的;C. challenging挑战的;D. creative有创造力的。由于作者很小就开始学习游泳,知道游泳的窍门,所以就觉得教小孩子游泳是一件很普通的( ordinary)事情。故选B。

26.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我想,自从我五岁开始上游泳课以来,我就知道游泳的诀窍了。A. declared宣称;B. stressed强调;C. assume设想;D. concluded推断。根据下文内容可知是作者自己设想的,故选C。

27.考查名词词义辨析。句意:我想,自从我五岁开始上游泳课以来,我就知道游泳的诀窍了。A. fare费用;B. trick诀窍;C. ambition野心;D. process过程。根据上文since I had taken swimming lessons from the age of five可知作者五岁开始上游泳课,知道游泳的诀窍。故选B。

28.考查名词词义辨析。句意:毕竟,我擅长各种泳姿!A. jobs职业;B. abilities能力;C. components组件;D. styles泳姿。作者知道游泳的窍门,擅长各种泳姿( styles)。故选D。

29.考查连接词辨析。句意:然而,我很快发现,教游泳不仅仅是知道如何游泳。A. However然而;B. Therefore因此;C. Moreover此外;D. Otherwise否则。然而( however),作者发现事情并没有那么简单。故选A。

30.考查名词词义辨析。句意:从那一刻起,我对教学的看法发生了变化。A. expectation期待;B. instruction指令;C. requirement要求;D. assessment评定;看法。前面说到作者认为教小孩子游泳是很简单的,但实际上并非如此,所以推出,作者对于教孩子游泳的看法( assessment)改变了。故选D。

31.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:为了指导孩子,我们必须使课程有趣,让他们学习。A. important重要的;B. enjoyable有趣的;C. famous有名的;D. flexible灵活的。作者不得不把自己的“课”变得有趣( enjoyable),以便小孩们能学会。故选B。

32.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我必须学习许多能帮助孩子们发展为游泳运动员的游戏。A. develop发展;B. promise承诺;C. discuss讨论;D. introduce介绍。作者还学了很多游戏来帮助孩子们朝会游泳的人的方向发展( develop)。故选A。

33.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我必须致力于教育他们,为他们树立一个积极的榜样。A. extreme极端的;B. classic经典的;C. active活跃的;积极的;D. secure安全的。为了使孩子们学得更快,作者还积极( active)示范。故选C。

34.考查动词短语辨析。句意:我本想教一群孩子,但结果是我的学生教会了我如何成为一名有帮助的老师。A. turned out结果证明;B. figured out弄清楚;C. came out出版;D. pointed out指出。作者本以为是去教小孩们游泳的,可结果是( turned out)孩子们教会了作者如何教育别人,如何成为一个乐于助人的( helpful)老师的道理。故选A。

35.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我本想教一群孩子,但结果是我的学生教会了我如何成为一名有帮助的老师。A. generous大方的;B. humorous幽默的;C. outspoken坦率的;D. helpful有帮助的。孩子们教会了作者如何教育别人,如何成为一个乐于助人的( helpful)老师的道理。故选D。

36.考查动词词义辨析。句意:不仅学习孩子们的名字很有挑战性,而且对他们的个性和情绪做出反应也很有挑战性。A. respond回答;B. contribute贡献;C. stick坚持;D. object反对。作者觉得应对( respond)小孩们的个性和情绪也是很有挑战性的。故选A。

37.考查名词词义辨析。句意:帮助这些孩子有很多成就,其中之一就是看到一个孩子完成了他们遇到我之前无法完成的任务。A. difficulties困难;B. features特征;C. achievements成就;D. situations情况。和孩子们待在一起有着许多的成就( achievements)。故选C。

38.考查动词词义辨析。句意:帮助这些孩子有很多成就,其中之一就是看到一个孩子完成了他们遇到我之前无法完成的任务。A. assign分配;B. organize组织;C. recognize辨认;D. accomplish完成。许多的成就中其中之一就是看着他们去完成以前不能完成的任务。故选D。

39.考查副词词义辨析。句意:重要的是,通过志愿者工作,我明白了付出总会有回报,努力总会有收获。A. Recently最近;B. Occasionally偶尔;C. Importantly重要地;D. Suddenly突然。重要的是( importantly),作者明白了“付出总有回报,努力就有收获”的人生哲理。故选C。

40.考查名词词义辨析。句意:重要的是,通过志愿者工作,我明白了付出总会有回报,努力总会有收获。A. adventures冒险;B. gains收获;C. contests竞赛;D. dreams梦。作者明白了“付出总有回报,努力就有收获”的人生哲理。故选B。

【辽宁省六校协作体2020届高三上学期开学考试】阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Geoff Hoffman, discovered that his dog, Bridget, was missing after his home was broken into on Dec 20th. That night, Hoffman penned an enthusiastic    21    to his Facebook followers to help him find the dog. “She is my source of    22    and she is my whole life.”

The next day, Hoffman, who served in Afghanistan for eight years went into    23    mode(模式). “Sergeant(中士)Hoffman was back,” he says. “I was on   24   and told myself I would     25     searching for Bridget under two conditions: She returned home or I knew with certainty that she was    26    .”

During the four days Bridget went    27    , Hoffman reached out to his local police and fire departments, along with City Hall, asking officials to    28    his story with the public. He printed more than 100 cards featuring Bridget’s    29    and advertising a “large reward”    30     her return and registered with missing dog websites. Hoffman also created a Facebook group with hundreds of followers, called Bring Bridget Back, in the hopes of     31    awareness for his search.

On the morning of Christmas Eve, his efforts     32    . “My girlfriend was driving down a rural road, a few miles from my house, when she saw Bridget,” says Hoffman. “She was lying by the side of the road but when she saw my girlfriend, she started     33     her tail.”

While the dog was generally    34    , she hadn’t eaten for days, along with a few slight cuts on her left leg. “It made me wonder whether someone    35    her for dog fighting and either cut or tried to    36    her to make her aggressive,” says Hoffman. “Maybe the thief got    37     by all the media attention and    38    her on a random road.”

Hoffman called the    39    a Christmas miracle and a holiday blessing and said “I am speechless with     40     .”

21.A. request      B. support      C. interest D. defense

22.A. energy        B. information C. joy D. inspiration

23.A. vacation B. army C. sleep D. crisis

24.A. purpose B. journey C. duty D. business

25.A. avoid B. continue C. begin D. stop

26.A. active B. alive C. dead D. sick

27.A. missing B. fierce C. mad D. wrong

28.A. fill B. discuss C. argue D. share

29.A. hair B. photo C. food D. smell

30.A. for B. with C. on D. about

31.A. decreasing B. knowing C. growing D. spreading

32.A. got off B. came off C. turned off D. paid off

33.A. biting B. chasing C. wagging D. bleeding

34.A. unharmed B. quiet C. scared D. disabled

35.A. borrowed B. stole C. forced D. took

36.A. fool B. comfort C. starve D. please

37.A. caught B. frightened C. warned D. attracted

38.A. killed B. abandoned C. beat D. replaced

39.A. reunion B. website C. arrival D. search

40.A. forgiveness B. respect C. kindness D. gratitude

 

【答案】21.A22.C23.B24.C25.D26.C27.A28.D29.B30.A31.D32.D33.C34.A35.B36.C37.B38.B39.A40.D

【分析】这是一篇记叙文。短文叙述了霍夫曼的狗失踪了,于是他利用媒体的作用来寻找自己的爱犬,结果在圣诞节早上奇迹般地找到了自己的爱犬。

21.考查名词词义辨析。句意:当晚,霍夫曼给他的Facebook粉丝们写了一封热情的请求信,希望他们能帮他找到这条狗。A. request请求;B. support支持;C. interest兴趣;D. defense防御。霍夫曼的狗失踪了,所以在网上发请求信来寻找自己的狗。故选A项。

22.考查名词词义辨析。句意:她是我快乐的源泉,她是我的整个生命。 A. energy能量;B. information信息;C. joy快乐;D. inspiration激励。由“she is my whole life”可知,这只狗对霍夫曼来说很重要,是作者的生命,是作者的快乐源泉。故选C项。

23.考查名词词义辨析。句意:第二天,曾经在阿富汗服役八年的霍夫曼进入了军人模式。A. vacation假期;B. army军队;C. sleep睡觉;D. crisis危机。由“Sergeant(中士)Hoffman was back”可知,霍夫曼进入了军人模式,下定决心一定找到自己的狗。故选B项。

24.考查名词词义辨析。句意:他说“我正在执勤,我告诉自己,在两个条件下,我将停止寻找布丽奇 :要么她回家,要么我肯定她已经死了”A. purpose目的;B. journey旅行;C. duty职责;D. business商业。霍夫曼要像以前当兵的时候一样,严阵以待,再次使自己保持高度的警惕,必须要找到自己的狗。故选C项。

25.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他说“我正在执勤,我告诉自己,在两个条件下,我将停止寻找布丽奇 :要么她回家,要么我肯定她已经死了” 。A. avoid避免;B. continue继续;C. begin开始;D. stop停止。由“She returned home or I knew with certainty that she was____6____”可知,这是霍夫曼停止寻找狗的两个条件。所以stop“停止”符合句意。故选D项。

26.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:他说“我正在执勤,我告诉自己,在两个条件下,我将停止寻找布丽奇 :要么她回家,要么我肯定她已经死了”。A. active积极的;B. alive活着的;C. dead死的;D. sick生病的。霍夫曼停止寻找狗,就证明狗或者回家了或者死了。丢失的狗最坏的结果就是死了。故选C项。

27.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:在布丽奇失踪的四天里,霍夫曼联系了当地的警察、消防部门以及市政厅,请官员们向公众讲述他的故事。A. missing丢了的;B. fierce凶猛的;C. mad疯狂的;D. wrong错误的。由前文“was missing”可知,在布丽奇失踪的四天里。故选A项。

28.考查动词词义辨析。句意:在布丽奇失踪的四天里,霍夫曼联系了当地的警察、消防部门以及市政厅,请官员们向公众讲述他的故事。 A. fill填满;B. discuss讨论;C. argue争论;D. share分享。作者希望公众能帮助她找到狗,所以请官员们向公众讲述他的故事。share... with“与......分享”为固定短语,且符合句意。故选D项。

29.考查名词词义辨析。句意:他印制了100多张卡片,上面印有布丽奇特的照片,并为能找到布丽奇打出了“巨额奖励”的广告,还在寻狗网站上注册了信息。A. hair头发;B. photo照片;C. food食物;D. smell气味。由常识可知,寻人启事或者寻狗启事都要要把照片画出来或者打印出来。故选B项。

30.考查介词辨析。句意:他印制了100多张卡片,上面印有布丽奇的照片,并为能找到布丽奇打出了“巨额奖励”的广告,还注册了失踪狗网站。A. for对于;B. with和;C. on在....上;D. about关于。reward for“由于…而给予…报酬”符合句意。故选A项。

31.考查动词词义辨析。句意:霍夫曼还在Facebook上创建了一个拥有数百名粉丝的群组,名为“带布里奇特回来”,希望传播他的寻狗信息。A. decreasing减少;B. knowing知道;C. growing种植;D. spreading扩散。由“Hoffman also created a Facebook group with hundreds of followers”可知,在Facebook上创建了一个拥有数百名粉丝的群组就是要传播他的寻狗信息。故选D项。

32.考查动词短语词义辨析。句意:在平安夜的早晨,他的努力得到了回报。A. got off下车;B. came off脱落;C. turned off关闭;D. paid off回报。由“when she saw Bridget”可知,霍夫曼的女朋友看到了布里奇。所以霍夫曼的努力得到了回报。故选D项。

33.考查动词词义辨析。句意:她当时躺在路边,但是当她看到我的女朋友时,她开始摇尾巴。A. biting咬;B. chasing追逐;C. wagging 摇摆(尾巴);D. bleeding流血。因为狗认出了霍夫曼的女朋友,所以它向霍夫曼的女朋友摇尾巴。故选C项。

34.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:虽然这只狗基本上没有受伤,但她已经好几天没吃东西了,左腿上还有几处轻微的割伤。A. unharmed未受伤害的;B. quiet安静的;C. scared害怕的;D. disabled残疾的。本句为while引导的让步状语从句,虽然这只狗基本上没有受伤,但还是遭受了挨饿和轻微的割伤。故选A项。

35.考查动词词义辨析。句意:霍夫曼说:“这让我怀疑,是不是有人为了斗狗而偷了她,为了让她变得有攻击性,他们要么把她割伤,要么试图让她挨饿。 A. borrowed借;B. stole偷;C. forced强迫;D. took拿。霍夫曼在怀疑狗的失踪是因为别人偷走了狗。故选B项。

36.考查动词词义辨析。句意:霍夫曼说:“这让我怀疑,是不是有人为了斗狗而偷了她,为了让她变得有攻击性,他们要么把她割伤,要么试图让她挨饿。A. fool愚弄;B. comfort安慰;C. starve饥饿;D. please使高兴。由“ make her aggressive”可知,饥饿是让狗变得有攻击性的一个因素。故选C项。

37.考查动词词义辨析。句意:也许小偷被所有媒体的关注吓坏了,把她遗弃在一条随意的路上。A. caught抓;B. frightened使害怕;C. warned警告;D. attracted吸引。霍夫曼怀疑小偷被所有媒体的关注吓坏了,所以才把狗放了回来。故选B项。

38.考查动词词义辨析。句意:也许小偷被所有媒体的关注吓坏了,把她遗弃在一条随意的路上。A. killed杀死;B. abandoned放弃;C. beat打;D. replaced取代。由“ on a random road,frightened”可知,偷狗贼把狗遗弃在路上了。故选B项。

39.考查名词词义辨析。句意:霍夫曼称这次团聚是圣诞奇迹,是节日祝福,他说:“我感激得说不出话来。A. reunion团结;B. website网址;C. arrival到达;D. search搜寻。由前文可知,霍夫曼的爱犬失而复得,所以这是团聚。 故选A项。

40.考查名词词义辨析。句意:霍夫曼称这次团聚是圣诞奇迹,是节日祝福,他说:“我感激得说不出话来”。A. forgiveness原谅;B. respect尊重;C. kindness善意;D. gratitude感激。霍夫曼在媒体上请求公众帮助找狗,最终找到了,所以霍夫曼非常感激这些热心的人。故选D项。

【山西省大同市2019—2020学年高三上学期开学模底】阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Nailed it

Last July, Peters, 36, rolled her wheelchair into a nail(指甲)salon with the idea of doing her nails. But Peters, who has cerebral palsy(大脑性瘫痪),was      21      The salon, she says, told her that they were afraid it would be   22   difficult to properly paint her nails given that her hands    23    What was meant to be a day of beauty happiness for Peters was now a      24     

   25    the interaction from a few feet away was a Walmart cashier(收银员)about to go on her    26    . Ebony Harris, 40,    27    in Peters, a Walmart regular, a similar spirit. "She's a girlie girl," Harris told ABC 12 of Flint, Michigan. "She',s just like you, me, my daughter, anybody. She wants to look     28     So why can't she?"

Harris   29   Peters. "Do you want me to do your nails?" she asked. A smile   30   across Peters's face. "Yeah!" They shopped for nail polish and      31     on a bright blue — a statement color that would catch every eye. They then made their     32    into a neighboring Subway, and found a table for two. Harris  33  took Peters's hand into hers and carefully began painting her nails.

"I was a little nervous and was shaking too because I didn't want to   34   her nails up," Hams admitted to ABC News. "I told her she's a blessing to us , to anybody, not   35   me. She makes me look at life and appreciate it much    36    than I have."

Watching it all with    37    was Subway employee Tasia Smith. What struck her most was the ease and gentleness  38   by Harris as she painted Peters's nails, all the while chatting    39    they were old friends. Smith was so taken by the scene that she wrote about it on Facebook." She was so  40  with her," she wrote. " Thank you to the Walmart worker for making this beautiful girl's day!”

21. A. turned off B. turned on C. turned away D. turned back

22. A. so B. very C. much D. too

23.A. shook B. waved C. hurt D. moved

24. A. question B.success C. disappointment D.surprise

25. A. Looking B. Watching C. Staring D. Searching

26. A. break B. work C. trip D. picnic

27. A. knew B. recognized C. kept D. had

28. A. happy B. pretty C. sad D. honest

29. A. praised B. smiled C. approached D. asked

30. A. covered B. lit C. left D.spread

31. A. settled B. disagreed C. sought D. discussed

32. A. road B. direction C. way D. aim

33. A. gently B. fiercely C. violently D. gradually

34. A. paint B. do C. cut D. mess

35. A. exactly B. entirely C. really D. just

36. A. less B. more C. fewer D. worse

37. A. kindness B. admiration C. help D. amazement

38. A. wanted B. required C. shown D. surrounded

39. A. because B. though C. even if D. as if

40. A. patient B. satisfied C. popular D. familiar

【答案】21.C22.D23.A24.C25.B26.A27.B28.B29.C30.D31.A32.C33.A34.D35.D36.B37.B38.C39.D40.A

【分析】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了沃尔玛收银员Harris 给被美甲店拒之门外的脑瘫患者Peters做指甲的故事,Harris的这一行为让众人深受感动。

21.考查动词短语辨析。句意:但是患有脑瘫的Peters被拒之门外。A. turned off关闭;B. turned on打开;C. turned away不准……入内;D. turned back折回。Peters坐着轮椅来到一家美甲沙龙,想做指甲,但是她因患有脑瘫而被拒之门外,故C项正确。

22.考查固定句式。句意:她说,美甲沙龙告诉她,由于她的手一直在抖,她们担心给她的指甲刷指甲油太困难了。too…to…表示“太……而不能”,故D项正确。

23.考查动词词义辨析。句意同上。A. shook    摇动、发抖;B. waved挥舞;C. hurt伤害;    D. moved移动。由于Peters患有脑瘫,她的手不停地抖,所以想要把指甲油准确地涂在指甲上非常困难,故A项正确。

24.考查名词词义辨析。句意:对Peters来说,这本应是一个美好的一天,现在却让她失望了。A. question问题;B. success成功;C. disappointment失望;    D. surprise惊讶。被告知无法做指甲,Peters的心情由欢喜转为失望,故C项正确。

25.考查动词词义辨析。句意:就在几英尺外,一位沃尔玛的收银员正准备休息,她在一旁看着大家的互动。A. Looking看(后加介词);B. Watching看;C. Staring紧盯;D. Searching搜查。几英尺外的一位沃尔玛的收银员看到了事情的经过,故B项正确。

26.考查名词词义辨析。句意同上。A. break休息;B. work    工作;C. trip旅行;D. picnic野餐。根据下文Harris要给Peters做指甲的情节可知,她是在要休息的时候看到这一幕的,故A项正确。

27.考查动词词义辨析。句意:Peters是沃尔玛的常客,40岁的Ebony Harris从她身上看到了(和别的女孩一样)爱美的精神。knew了解;B. recognized承认、认出;C. kept保持;D. had有。根据空后的“She's a girlie girl…”可知,Ebony Harris从Peters身上看到了和别的女孩一样爱美的精神,故B项正确。

28.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:她想要看起来漂亮。A. happy快乐的;B. pretty漂亮的;C. sad伤心的;D. honest诚实的。根据空前的“She',s just like you, me, my daughter, anybody.”可知,Peters和所有女孩一样,也想看起来漂亮,故B项正确。

29.考查动词词义辨析。句意:Harris 走近 Peters,问道“你想让我给你做指甲么?” A. praised表扬;B. smiled微笑;C. approached靠近、走近;D. asked问。根据Harris 问 Peters“你想让我给你做指甲么?”可知,Harris 走近 Peters,故C项正确。

30.考查动词词义辨析。句意:Peters的脸上绽开了笑容。A. covered覆盖;B. lit点亮;C. left留下;D. spread展开、绽放(笑容)。听说有人要给自己做指甲,Peters开心地笑了,故D项正确。

31.考查动词词义辨析。句意:她们去买指甲油,最后选定了一种明亮的蓝色,一种能吸引所有人眼球的标志性颜色。A. settled解决;B. disagreed不同意;C. sought寻找;D. discussed讨论。她们去买指甲油,最后选定了蓝色的指甲油,settle on表示“选定”,故A项正确。

32.考查名词词义辨析。句意:然后她们走进附近的地铁,找到了一张双人桌。A. road道路;B. direction方向;C. way路;D. aim目的。make one's way into…表示“进入……”,故C项正确。

33.考查副词词义辨析。句意:Harris 轻轻地握住Peters的手,开始仔细地给她涂指甲。A. gently温柔地、轻轻地;B. fiercely猛烈地;C. violently暴力地;D. gradually逐渐。Harris要给Peters涂指甲,应该是轻轻地握住她的手,故A项正确。

34.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我有点紧张,也在发抖,因为我不想把她的指甲搞砸。A. paint给……刷上(液体);B. do做;C. cut    切;D. mess弄脏、弄乱、毁坏。Harris因为想把Peters的指甲做得好一些而有点紧张,故D项正确。

35.考查副词词义辨析。句意:我告诉她每个人都会祝福她,不仅仅是我。A. exactly精确地;B. entirely完全地;C. really真正地;D. just仅仅、只是。根据空前的“to anybody”可知,每个人都会祝福她,不仅仅是我,故D项正确。

36.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:她让我(重新)审视生活,让我比以前更珍惜它。A. less更少;B. more更多;C. fewer更少;D. worse更糟。通过给Peters做指甲,Harris比以前更加珍惜自己的生活,故B项正确。

37.考查名词词义辨析。句意:地铁员工Tasia Smith满怀钦佩地看着这一切。A. kindness善良;B. admiration赞美、钦佩;C. help帮助;D. amazement惊讶。对于Harris的做法,Tasia Smith满怀钦佩,故B项正确。

38.考查动词词义辨析。句意:令她印象最深刻的是Harris在给Peters涂指甲时表现出的轻松和温柔,她一直在和Peters聊天,就像她们是老朋友一样。A. wanted想要;B. required要求;C. shown展示、显示;D. surrounded围绕。Harris在给Peters涂指甲时表现出的轻松和温柔让Tasia Smith印象最为深刻,故C项正确。

39.考查连词词义辨析。句意同上。A. because因为;B. though尽管;C. even if即使;    D. as if好像。在给Peters涂指甲时,Harris一直在和她聊天,就像他们是老朋友一样,故D项正确。

40.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:Harris对Peters是如此有耐心。A. patient耐心的;B. satisfied满意的;C. popular受欢迎的;D. familiar熟悉的。Peters患有脑瘫,她的手不停地抖,Harris却愿意给她涂指甲,而且还与她聊天,这说明Harris很有耐心,故A项正确。

【湖北省武汉市部分学校2020届高三上学期起点质量监测】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Susie Coodall finally was discovered and rescued. She was a volunteer in the    21    Golden Globe Race accompanying sailors through the    22    every June. On Wednesday morning,Goodall was 2,000 miles west of South America when her boat was like a drunken man in a strong wind and a broken bar knocked her    23    unconscious. But soon after that she    24    and at once rang the alarm through her emergency system and a series of troubling    25   which had recorded her happenings during the journey,were    26    on her Facebook at once.

Chile's Maritime Center received her    27    and soon ordered a ship to change is    28    to rescue Goodall. Meanwhile,all Goodall could do was wait-trying to keep her boat    29   in the waving South Pacific and pumping out water that was    30    into the damaged cabin(船舱),which made her    31    her present situation

When the Chilean ship finally    32    Goodall,lowering down a small boat to save her seemed    33  because up to 13 feet waves will    34    the boat at any time.    35    ,crew members on board    36    another way-lowered a long thick rope from the ship,and    37    Goodall from her ship to safety. As luck would have it,the chosen method    38    worked.

Goodall arrived at the Chilean port without any delay. On her Facebook,Goodall wrote:“They were the hardest and loneliest days I've ever had. Actually,all I wanted was a break with to    39    to the busy daily life. But I might as well   40    home instead of giving up. "

21. A. final      B. previous      C. monthly      D. annual

22. A. tour      B. voyage      C. trip      D. scene

23. A. permanently     B. totally      C. temporarily    D. seriously 

24. A. awakened      B. slept      C. shouted      D. cried

25. A. updates      B. questions      C. fantasies      D. thoughts

26. A. put      B. gathered      C. posted      D. released

27. A. call      B. warming      C. signal      D. reply

28. A. system      B. course      C. subject      D. policy

29. A. dry      B. tidy      C. still      D. steady

30. A. leaking      B. flying      C. flowing      D. dropping

31. A. curious about  B. worried about      C. satisfied with      D. disappointed with

32. A. rescued      B. abandoned      C. passed      D. spotted

33. A. fast      B. proper      C. impossible      D. uncomfortable

34. A. swallow      B. lift      C. hit      D. push

35. A. Besides      B. Otherwise      C. Instead      D. Also

36. A. changed      B. recommended      C. admired      D. described

37. A. pulled      B. kept      C. grasped      D. fetched

38. A. hardly      B. probably    C. usually      D. really

39. A. answer      B. access      C. damage    D. contribution

40. A. drive      B. ride      C. walk      D. sail

【答案】21.D22.B23.C24.A25.A26.C27.C28.B29.D30.A31.B32.D33.C34.A35.C36.B37.A38.D39.B40.D

【分析】本文是一篇记叙文。主要内容是Susie Coodall是一名航海志愿者,在航海过程中遇险后来获救的故事。

21.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:她是每年六月参加金球奖航海比赛的志愿者。A. final最终的;B. previous先前的;C. monthly每月的;D. annual每年的。根据下文的every June可知,这个航海比赛是每年举行一次,故选D。

22.考查名词词义辨析。句意:她是每年六月参加金球奖航海比赛的志愿者。A. tour旅行;B. voyage航行;C. trip短途旅行;D. scene场景。根据语境可知,此处举办的是航海比赛,故选B。

23.考查副词词义辨析。句意:周三早上,她在以西2000英里的南美,船就像一个醉汉在强风中,破碎木条的袭击使她暂时昏迷。A. permanently永久第;B. totally总共地;C. temporarily暂时地;D. seriously严肃地。根据下文的But soon after that she ___4___可知,她很快苏醒过来,所以只是暂时昏迷,故选C。

24.考查动词词义辨析。句意:但不久以后,她醒了过来,并且马上通过她的救援系统拉响了警报。A. awakened觉醒;B. slept睡觉;C. shouted叫喊;D. cried哭泣。根据下文的at once rang the alarm through her emergency system可知她做了一系列自救的动作,所以她已经醒了过来,故选A。

25.考查名词词义辨析。句意:她的脸书上立刻出现了一系列报道她航行的更新。A. updates更新;B. questions问题;C. fantasies幻想;D. thoughts想法。根据语境可知,脸书上实时更新她航行的一些消息,故选A。

26.考查动词词义辨析。句意:她的脸书上立刻出现了一系列令人不安的更新。A. put放置;B. gathered聚集;C. posted发布;D. released释放。根据语境可知,Goodall的援救信息会发布在脸书上,故选C。

27.考查名词词义辨析。句意:智利海事中心收到了她的信号,并很快命令一艘船改变航向去营救古道尔。A. call呼叫;B. warming变暖;C. signal信号;D. reply回复。根据前文的rang the alarm可知,智利方面接收到了她发出的信号。故选C。

28.考查名词词义辨析。句意:智利海事中心收到了她的信号,并很快命令一艘船改变航向去营救古道尔。A. system系统;B. course航向;C. subject主题;D. policy政策。根据语境可知,一艘接到了命令的船改变航向去营救Goodall,此处course意为“航向”,而非“课程”,故选B。

29.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:与此同时,Goodall唯一能做的就是让自己的船在波浪翻滚的南太平洋中保持平稳。A. dry干燥的;B. tidy整齐的;C. still安静的;D. steady平稳的。根据语境可知,她需要在海浪中保持平稳确保安全,故选D。

30.考查动词词义辨析。句意:把漏的水抽到受损的船舱里。A. leaking泄露;B. flying飞行;C. flowing流淌;D. dropping推动。根据上文可知,在Goodall航行过程中遇险一定是船漏水了,故要处理船舱泄露的水,故选A。

31.考查动词词组辨析。句意:这令她担心自己现在的处境。A. curious about对……好奇;B. worried about担心;C. satisfied with对……满意:D. disappointed with对……失望。根据语境可知,Goodall所处的处境很危险,难免会担心自己的境地,故选B。

32.考查动词词义辨析。句意:当这艘智利船最终发现Goodall时。A. rescued援救;B. abandoned抛弃;C. passed通过;D. spotted发现。根据下文可知,智利船发现了Goodall,故选D。

33.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:降低一条小船去救她似乎是不可能的。A. fast快的;B. proper恰当的;C. impossible不可能的;D. uncomfortable不舒服的。根据下文内容可知,搜救的船只采取了别的方法,可知这种方法并不可行,故选C。

34.考查动词词义辨析。句意:因为高达13英尺的海浪会随时吞没这艘船。A. swallow吞咽;B. lift上升;C. hit打击;D. push推。根据语境可知,海浪高达13英尺的,随时吞没这条船,故选A。

35.考查副词词义辨析。句意:相反,船上的船员推荐另一种方法——从船上放下一根又长又粗的绳子A. Besides另外;B. Otherwise否则;C. Instead反而;D. Also也。根据前文可知,降低船体来进行搜救方法不可行,搜救的船准备了其他的方案,故选C。

36.考查动词词义辨析。句意:相反,船上的船员推荐另一种方法——从船上放下一根又长又粗的绳子。A. changed改变;B. recommended推荐;C. admired钦佩;D. described描述。根据语境可知,在第一种方法不可行的前提下,船员推荐了另一种方法,故选B。

37.考查动词词义辨析。句意:把Goodall从船上拉到安全的地方。A. pulled拉;B. kept保持;C. grasped抓住;D. fetched取来。根据上文可知,从船上放下一根绳子是拉着Goodall到安全的地方,故选A。

38.考查副词词义辨析。句意:幸运的是,选择的方法真的奏效了。A. hardly几乎不个;B. probably可能;C. usually通常;D. really真实地。根据上文的As luck would have it可知,这种方法确实奏效了,故选D。

39.考查动词词义辨析。句意:实际上,所有我想要的是进入到繁忙的生活过程中得到休息。A. answer回答;B. access进入;C. damage毁坏;D. contribution贡献。根据语境可知,access to意为“通向……的入口”,此处指进入到繁忙的生活中,故选B。

40.考查动词词义辨析。句意:但我与其放弃,还不如坐船回家。A. drive驾驶;B. ride骑行;C. walk行走;D. sail航海。根据语境可知,Goodall只是想通过航海得到休息,如果放弃了就意味着无法休息了,还不如坐船回家,故选D。

journey, tour, travel, trip, voyage的区别:

journey : 最普通用词,侧重指时间较长、距离较远的单程陆上旅行,也指水上或空中的旅行。

tour : 指最后反回出发地,旅途中有停留游览点,距离可长可短,目的各异的周游或巡行。

travel : 泛指旅行的行为而不指某次具体的旅行,多指到远方作长期旅行,不强调直接目的地,单、复数均可用。

trip : 普通用词,口语多用,常指为公务或游玩作的较短暂的旅行。

voyage : 指在水上旅行,尤指海上旅行,也可指空中旅行。

【河南省焦作市2020届新高三上学期定位考试】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

This is so easy, inexpensive, and has always brought either of two    41   : a look of shock or a big smile. I am a cane(手杖) walking senior lady with mobility    42   , especially in cold weather but I have a sharp    43    for useful bargains and since I still    44   , I can do this without having to get in and out of the car to help people.

Here is how it “works”. When I see gloves, warm hats and scarves on sale (new or in good condition from a second-hand store), I buy them very    45   . If laundering(洗涤)is    46   , I do it to    47    tiny stains, so everything looks good.

I have a large basket that I keep in the passenger side of my car and I “file” these things in it, where I can    48    reach over and get whatever I determine is most    49    for someone who is without and out in the cold.

I am always    50    of things and people around me in parking lots and along the walkways of my small hometown. But when I see someone obviously    51    and without what will help them, I    52    beside them, roll down my    53   , and ask if they will    54    and wear all three things or whatever is needed...and then as they stare at me in    55   , I always add: “I have things right here in my    56    to share. Please me by    57    them to stay warm when you are outside.”

Not yet have I    58    hostility (敌意)or felt in any danger, but since so many of the items are “cheerful” colors, I often see the persons I gave them to walking down the street. It     59     my heart to know that my items are being used and    60   .

41. A. routines B. reactions C. figures D. suggestions

42. A. performances     B. amusement C. addiction D. problems

43. A. voice B. tooth           C. eye         D. ear

44. A. drive B. stand           C. wait D. run

45. A. cheaply B. casually C. unwillingly D. briefly

46. A. deserted B. allowed C. needed D. discovered

47. A. strengthen           B. increase C. paint D. remove

48. A. easily B. hardly C. never D. often

49. A. specific B. useful C. popular D. usual

50. A. positive B. short             C. careful D. fond

51. A. busy B. cold C. interesting D. happy

52. A. put down       B. settle down C. queue up D. pull up

53. A. window B. light C. wheel D. floor

54. A. improve B. buy C. borrow D. accept

55. A. sadness B. dishonesty C. disbelief D. anger

56. A. mind B. bag C. basket D. reach

57. A. wearing B. winning C. ignoring D. folding

58. A. accounted for    B. met with C. escaped from D. kept up with

59. A. splits B. sacrifices C. forces D. warms

60. A. examined       B. appreciated C. blamed D. predicted

 

【答案】41.B42.D43.C44.A45.A46.C47.D48.A49.B50.C51.B52.D53.A54.D55.C56.C57.A58.B59.D60.B

【分析】这是一篇记叙文。作者是一个行动不便靠拐杖行走的老人。但这并没有影响作者去帮助别人。作者对有用的便宜货有着敏锐的眼光,会用很低的价格把它们买回来。作者开车时会留意道路上行走的人,如果有人需要帮助,作者会问他们是否需要帮助,并把自己准备好的物品提供给他们,作者使路人很暖心,作者也感到很温暖,很高兴。

41.考查名词词义辨析。句意:这很简单,也不贵,而且总是会带来两种反应:震惊的表情或灿烂的笑容。A. routines路线;B. reactions反应;C. figures数字;D. suggestions建议。由“ a look of shock or a big smile”可知,这是两种反应。故选B项。

42.考查名词词义辨析。句意:我是一个靠拐杖走路的老人,我行动不便,尤其是在寒冷的天气里,但我对有用的便宜货有着敏锐的眼光,因为我在开车,所以我不用上下车去就可以帮助别人。A. performances表演;B. amusement娱乐;C. addiction上瘾;D. problems问题。由“a cane(手杖) walking senior lady ”可知,作者行动不便。故选D项。

43.考查名词词义辨析。句意:我是一个靠拐杖走路的老人,我行动不便,尤其是在寒冷的天气里,但我对有用的便宜货有着敏锐的眼光,因为我在开车,所以我不用上下车去就可以帮助别人。A. voice嗓音;B. tooth牙齿;C. eye眼睛;D. ear耳朵。由下文“When I see ”可知,作者对有用的便宜货有着敏锐的眼光。have an eye for“对......有鉴赏力”为固定短语。故选C项。

44.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我是一个靠拐杖走路的老人,我行动不便,尤其是在寒冷的天气里,但我对有用的便宜货有着敏锐的眼光,因为我在开车,所以我不用上下车去就可以帮助别人。A. drive开车;B. stand站;C. wait等待;D. run跑。由“without having to get in and out of the car”可知,作者行动不便,所以作者要开车,但是不用上下车就可以帮助别人。故选A项。

45.考查副词词义辨析。句意:我会非常便宜地把它们买回来。A. cheaply便宜地;B. casually随意地;C. unwillingly不愿意地;D. briefly简洁地。由“new or in good condition from a second-hand store”可知,这些东西或者是新的或者是在二手商店买的质量较好的东西。所以作者会以低廉的价格把它们买回来。故选A项。

46.考查动词词义辨析。句意:如果衣服需要洗的话,我会洗掉细小的污渍,这样它们看起来像新的一样。A. deserted遗弃;B. allowed允许;C. needed需要;D. discovered发现。由“tiny stains”可知,有些衣物需要洗,因为有污渍。故选C项。

47.考查动词词义辨析。句意:如果衣服需要洗的话,我会洗掉细小的污渍,这样它们看起来像新的一样。A. strengthen加强;B. increase增加;C. paint画;D. remove清除。作者洗衣物的目的就是为了出去污渍。故选D项。

48.考查副词词义辨析。句意:我把一个大篮子放在车的副驾驶座上,我把这些东西“归档”在里面,这样我就可以很容易地伸手去拿我认为对那些身处户外的人最有用的东西。A. easily容易地;B. hardly几乎不;C. never决不;D. often经常。由“ I have a large basket that I keep in the passenger side of my car and I “file” these things in it,”可知,作者把一个大篮子放在车的副驾驶座上,作者把这些东西“归档”在里面,这样作者就可以很容易地伸手去拿东西。故选A项。

49.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我把一个大篮子放在车的副驾驶座上,我把这些东西“归档”在里面,这样我就可以很容易地伸手去拿我认为对那些身处户外的人最有用的东西。A. specific具体的;B. useful有用的;C. popular流行的;D. usual平常的。由“someone who is without and out in the cold.”可知,作者所准备的东西对那些身处户外的人最有用处。故选B项。

50.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:在停车场和我家乡的人行道上,我总是留意着周围的人和物。A. positive积极的;B. short短的;C. careful小心的;D. fond喜欢的。作者很留意周围的人和物以便向别人提供帮助。故选C项。

51.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西”。A. busy繁忙的;B. cold寒冷的;C. interesting有趣的;D. happy快乐的。由下文“wear all three things”可知,作者问他们是否愿意穿上作者所提供的衣服。所以这个人显然很冷。故选B项。

52.考查动词短语词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西”。A. put down放下;B. settle down平静下来;C. queue up排队;D. pull up停车。作者停下车,才能帮助其他人。故选D项。

53.考查名词词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西”。A. window窗户;B. light光;C. wheel轮子;D. floor地板。作者停下了车,摇下车窗,才能问路人是否需要帮助。故选A项。

54.考查动词词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所他们需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西。A. improve提高;B. buy买;C. borrow借;D. accept接受。由“ ask if they will”可知,作者在看到路人需要帮助人,首先要问问路人是否愿意接受她的帮助。故选D项。

55.考查名词词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所他们需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西。A. sadness悲伤;B. dishonesty不诚实;C. disbelief不相信;D. anger生气。由“stare at me ”可知,路人难以置信地盯着作者看,路人不敢相信自己会得到别人的帮助。故选C项。

56.考查名词词义辨析。句意:但是,当我看到一个人明显很冷,没有什么可以帮助他们的时候,我就把车停在他们旁边,摇下车窗,问他们是否愿意接受这三样东西,穿上所需要的东西……当他们难以置信地盯着我看时,我总是补充说:“我的篮子里有可以分享的东西”。A. mind思维;B. bag包;C. basket篮子;D. reach到达。由“I have a large basket”可知,作者篮子里的东西是要与别人分享的东西。故选C项。

57.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他们在户外穿着我给的衣服使他们暖和了,这让我很高兴。A. wearing穿;B. winning赢得;C. ignoring忽略;D. folding折叠。由“to stay warm when you are outside”可知,被帮助的人在户外穿着作者所提供的衣服使他们暖和了,这也让作者很高兴。故选A项。

58.考查动词短语词义辨析。句意:我还没有遇到有敌意的状况,也没有感觉到有什么危险,但是由于很多东西都是“快乐”的颜色,我经常在大街上看到我帮助的人们。A. accounted for解释;B. met with遇到;C. escaped from从......逃跑;D. kept up with跟上。由“ hostility (敌意)”可知,作者还没有遇到有敌意的状况。故选B项。

59.考查动词词义辨析。句意:得知我的物品被人使用和感激,我的心都暖和起来了。A. splits分裂;B. sacrifices牺牲;C. forces强迫;D. warms使暖和。由“stay warm”可知,作者的举动温暖了别人,也温暖了作者的心。故选D项。

60.考查动词词义辨析。句意:得知我的物品被人使用和被感激,我的心都暖和起来了。A. examined检查;B. appreciated感激;C. blamed责备;D. predicted预测。作者得知作者的物品正在被人使用和被感激,这温暖了作者的心,作者举得自己做的事情很值得。故选B项。

【2020届安徽省皖江名校联盟高三第一次联考】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Although my good job at a large company had made my parents happy, knew I wanted something different. The only place I could   21   working was Facebook, I   22   from New York to San Francisco and   23   at Facebook headquarters in Palo Alto,   24   to find a job in Facebook

A friend who worked there had agreed to   25   me to a few people around the office. But on the way back from a coffee break, I got    26   . I   27   around outside the Facebook building by myself, trying to   28   myself that I was able enough to work here. I told myself I had already flown across the  29   and now I just needed to go for it.

I sat in the hall of the building for what   30   hours. Finally, at the very end of the day, the director of PR walked out and introduced herself .An hour later, I left the Facebook office even more   31   about the company.

A few days later, the   32   I had spoken with called me and said, "We don't have a full time job   33   . But we' re interested in a part-time job, you can come to work here tomorrow.

This was not   34   what I'd been hoping for. But I knew that I was passionate about the work and the company, so   35   flew from NewYork to San Francisco. A few months later I was   36  full time job.

Now Facebook is 15 times bigger than it was six years ago. If I hadn't made it   37   my nervousness six years ago I would never have gotten the  38  .

Nowadays whenever I'm nervous about  39  , I think about waiting in the hall of Facebook and I encourage myself to be   40   .

21. A. remember          B. imagine       C. permit          D. recommend

 22. A. rode              B. drove         C. flew            D. walked

 23. A. showed up         B. took up       C. brought up       D. broke up

 24.A.satisfied            B. determined    C. unwilling        D. inspired

 25.A.confirm            B. advise        C. explain          D. introduce 

26. A. comfortable        B. confused      C. nervous         D. afraid

27.A.paced              B. ran          C. turned           D. marched

 28. A. refuse            B. persuade      C. prohibit          D. restrict

29. A. country            B. city          C. state            D. ocean

30. A. looked like         B. felt like       C. waited for        D. took off

 31.A.excited            B. amazed       C. confused         D. disappointed

 32.A.man              B. friend         C. woman          D. neighbor

33.A.appropriate         B. ready         C. rewarding        D. open

34.A.firmly             B. barely         C. truly            D. exactly

35. A. at once           B. once again      C. just now         D. immediately

 36.A.guaranteed        B. declared       C. clarified          D. offered

 37.A.through           B. up            C. out             D. from

 38.A. salary            B. payment       C. chance          D. promotion

 39. A. making a move    B. having a try    C. doing a favor     D. taking a risk

 40. A. happy           B. optimistic      C. brave           D. anxious

【答案】21.B22.C23.A24.B25.D26.C27.A28.B29.A30.B31.A32.C33.D34.D35.B36.D37.A38.C39.D40.C

【分析】本文是一篇记叙文,记录了作者在Facebook公司工作的一段经历。

21.考查动词辨析。句意:我唯一能想象的地方是脸谱网。A. remember记忆;B. imagine想象;C. permit允许;D. recommend命令。前文作者想要尝试不同的工作,这里唯一我能想象的地方就是Facebook,故选B项。

22.考查动词辨析。句意:我从纽约飞到旧金山。A. rode骑;B. drove开;C. flew飞;D. walked走。根据后文 flown across 可知作者从纽约飞往旧金山,故选C项。

23.考查动词短语辨析。句意:在帕洛阿尔托的脸谱网总部露面。A. showed up出现;B. took up接受;C. brought up长大;D. broke up分手。作者出现在Facebook总部,根据语境,故选A项。

24.考查形容词辨析。句意:决心在脸谱网找到一份工作。A. satisfied满意的;B. determined有决心的;C. unwilling不高兴的;D. inspired鼓舞的。作者飞跃整个美国,结合后文可知作者决心要在Facebook找到一个工作。故选B项。

25.考查动词辨析。句意:一位在那里工作的朋友同意把我介绍给办公室里的几个人。 A. confirm确认;B. advise建议;C. explain解释;D.introduce介绍。从后文看作者的一个朋友把他介绍给办公室的几个人,故选D项。

26.考查形容词辨析。句意:但是在喝咖啡休息回来的路上,我很紧张。A. comfortable舒服的;B. confused困惑的;C. nervous紧张的;D. afraid害怕的。从后文可以看出作者不够自信、紧张,故选C项。

27.考查动词辨析。句意:我一个人在facebook大楼外踱来踱去,A. paced踱步;B. ran跑;C. turned回转;D. marched行进。我在Facebook大楼外徘徊,pace around四处走动,故选A项。

28.考查动词辨析。句意:试图说服自己,我有足够的能力在这里工作。A. refuse拒绝;B. persuade说服;C. prohibit阻止;D. restrict。从上下文语境看,作者不够自信,试图去说服自己有能力在这儿工作,故选B项。

29.考查名词辨析。句意:告诉自己我已经飞过了整个国家,现在我只需要去争取它。A. country国家;B. city城市;C. state州;D. ocean海洋。从前文可知作者从纽约飞到旧金山可知飞跃了整个国家,故选A项。

30.考查动词短语辨析。句意:我坐在大厅里感觉像过了几个小时。A. looked like看起来像;B. felt like好像;C. waited for等待;D. took off起飞。作者感觉时间非常难熬,坐在大楼的大厅里,感觉过了好几个小时,故选B项。

31.考查形容词辨析。句意:我离开了Facebook办公室,对公司更加兴奋。A. excited兴奋地;B. amazed惊奇的;C. confused困惑的;D. disappointed失望的。根据后文可知作者对这次面试感觉比较成功,因此离开公司时比出来时更加激动,故选A项。

32.考查名词辨析。句意:几天后,和我交谈过的那个女人打电话给我说:“我们没有全职工作。”A. man人;B. friend朋友;C. woman女人;D. neighbor邻居。根据前文introduce herself。故选C项。

33.考查形容词辨析。句意:我们没有全职工作。A. appropriate适当的;B. ready准备好的;C. rewarding有意的;D. open打开的。根据语境,目前没有一个全职工作,只有一个临时工作岗位,open符合语境。故选D项。

34.考查副词辨析。句意:这不是我一直希望的。A. firmly坚定地;B. barely几乎不;C. truly真实地;D. exactly确切地,确实。因为我想找一个全职工作,因而这确实不是我希望的工作,故选D项。

35.考查短语辨析。句意:但我知道我对工作和公司充满热情,所以又一次从纽约到旧金山。A. at once立刻;B. once again再次;C. just now刚刚;D. immediately立即。从前文可知作者从纽约飞到旧金山,因而这里作者再次从纽约飞到旧金山。故选B项。

36.考查动词辨析。句意:几个月后,我得到了一份全职工作。A. guaranteed保证;B. declared断言;C. clarified澄清;D. offered提供。几个月后公司给了我一个正式工作。故选D项。

37.考查介词辨析。句意:如果六年前我没有克服紧张,我就永远没有机会了。A. through通过;B. up上;C. out出;D. from来自。根据语境此处为虚拟假设,如果我六年前没有成功的克服我的紧张,我就不会得到这个机会。故选A项。

38.考查名词辨析。句意:如果六年前我没有克服紧张,我就永远没有机会了。A. salary薪水;B. payment报酬;C. chance机会;D. promotion承诺。同上。故选C项。

39.考查动词短语辨析。句意:现在每当我对冒险感到紧张的时候,A. making a move改变;B. having a try尝试;C. doing a favor帮忙;D. taking a risk冒险。根据全文可知作者在面对冒险时有点紧张,故选D项。

40.考查形容词辨析。句意:我都会想到在facebook的大厅里等着,我鼓励自己要勇敢。A. happy高兴的;B. optimistic乐观的;C. brave勇敢的;D. anxious焦虑的。作者根据自己经验,当我对冒险有点紧张时,我都会想起在Facebook大厅发生的事情,我鼓励自己勇敢,故选C项。

完形填空的解题技巧之一就是要根据上下文来学会“推理”出最佳选项。同学们要遵循“上下求索”的原则来查找信息。例如,第19小题要求判断作者对什么感到紧张,根据全文可知作者在面对冒险时有点紧张。故选D项

【长春市普通高中2020届高三质量检测(一)】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When we saw a programme on TV about a Christmas trip to Lapland, we knew our four children would love it.   21  them on any holiday is costly, but it was a once-in-a-lifetime   22   for our family.

In October, we got the children to write Christmas   23   to Santa. They thought it was a bit soon but were   24   just how many letters Santa receives, so getting in early would make sure that he would read them.

Our departure day arrived in mid-December. There was an explosion of excitement as we parked and   25   our suitcases onto a trolley (手推车) and the children realized we were   26  oing on a plane. The excitement built as we   27  .

It was all worth it. The look on their faces as we   28   in Rovaniemi, Finland, was   29  . Four days of total magic followed. We took sleigh rides,   30   snow mobiles (雪地摩托) and patted reindeer. On our fourth day we finally ‘found’ Santa, who had a genuine, thick white   31  . His home was   32   from floor to ceiling with Christmas parcels, which was every child’s dream.

If that wasn’t   33  , he held four hand-written letters that our children immediately   34  . Santa said, “So, you must be Thomas, Lucy, Alice and Philip and you’ve come all the way from England just to see me!” He turned to one of the towers of wrapped presents,   35   up and carefully withdrew four parcels. Each of them received a personally addressed   36   signed ‘With love from Father Christmas’ and inside was   37   what they’d asked for in their letters.

Those four days in Lapland will   38   forever the most memorable of our lives. Our four children, now aged between 32 and 38, still talk about that   39   as the most wonderful Christmas ever where childhood magic came to   40  .

21.A. Bringing B. Taking C. Putting D. Carrying

22.A. action B. performance C. experience D. adventure

23.A. letters B. messages C. cards D. stories

24.A. asked B. warned C. persuaded D. reminded

25.A. fixed  B. loaded C. delivered D. packed

26.A. hardly B. completely C. actually D. hopefully

27.A. checked in B. dropped by     C. showed off D. looked back

28A. landed B. appeared C. poured D. entered

29.A. useless B. harmless C. priceless D. careless

30.A. seated B. flew C. moved D. rode

31.A. cap B. beard C. fur D. stick

32.A. covered B. buried C. charged D. filled

33.A. enough B. perfect C. possible D. welcome

34.A. judged B. recognized C. noticed D. observed

35.A. made B. cheered C. reached D. picked

36.A. photo B. book C. poster D. gift

37.A. exactly B. partly C. naturally D. particularly 

38.A. work B. remain C. change D. send

39.A. game B. camp C. trip D. task

40.A. mind B. power C. light D. life

 

【答案】21.B22.C23.A24.D25.B26.C27.A28.A29.C30.D31.B32.D33.A34.B35.C36.D37.A38.B39.C40.D

【分析】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了作者为了给孩子们一个难忘的童年回忆,领着孩子去芬兰见到了圣诞老人并且得到了圣诞老人送到的礼物。

21.考查动词词义辨析。A. Bringing带来;B. Taking带走;C. Putting放;D. Carrying携带。根据此处的句意为:“带孩子出去度假会花很多的钱”,可知答案为B。

22.考查名词词义辨析。A. action行动;B. performance表现;C. experience经历;D. adventure冒险。根据此处的句意为:“是孩子们一生只有一次的经历”,可知答案为C。

23.考查名词词义辨析。A. letters信,字母;    B. messages信息;C. cards卡片;D. stories故事。根据后文“he held four hand-written letters”,可知我们让孩子提前写信给圣诞老人,可知答案为A。

24.考查动词词义辨析。A. asked问;B. warned警告;C. persuaded劝说;D. reminded提醒;根据此处句意为:“孩子觉得写信有些早,但我们提醒他们圣诞老人会收到很多信,因此早些写信会保证圣诞老人读到”,可知答案为D。

25.考查动词词义辨析。A. fixed修理;B. loaded下载;C. delivered传递;D. packed打包。根据此处的句意为:“把我们的行李箱装到手推车上”,可知答案为B。

26.考查副词词义辨析。A. hardly几乎不;B. completely完全地;    C. actually事实上地;D. hopefully有希望地。根据此处的句意为:“孩子们意识到真的要上飞机”,可知答案为C。

27.考查动词短语词义。A. checked in办理登机;B. dropped by顺便拜访;    C. showed off炫耀;D. looked back回顾。根据此处的句意为:“当我们办理登机的时候”,可知选A。

28.考查动词词义辨析。A. landed    着陆;B. appeared出现;C. poured倒;D. entered进入。根据此处的句意为:“当我们着陆的时候”,可知答案为A。

29.考查形容词词义辨析。A. useless除非;B. harmless无害的;C. priceless    无价的;D. careless粗心大意的。根据此处的句意:“孩子脸上的表情是难能可见的”,故选C。

30.考查动词词义辨析。A. seated坐;B. flew飞;    C. moved移动;D. rode骑着。根据此处的句意为:“骑上了雪地摩托”,可知答案为D。

31.考查名词词义辨析。A. cap盖;帽子;B. beard胡子;C. fur毛皮;D. stick棍子。根据此处的句意为:“圣诞老人留着厚密的白胡须”,可知答案为B。

32.考查动词词义辨析。A. covered覆盖;B. buried掩埋;C. charged要价;D. filled装满。根据此处的句意为:“圣诞老人的屋内满是圣诞礼物的包裹”,可知答案为D。

33.本题考查形容词词义辨析。A. enough足够的;    B. perfect完美的;C. possible可能的;D. welcome受欢迎的。根据此处的句意为:“如果说看到圣诞老人和满是礼物的房间还不够让孩子们惊喜的话”,可知答案为A。

34.考查动词词义辨析。A. judged判断;B. recognized认识;C. noticed注意;D. observed观察。根据此处的句意为:“孩子们立刻认出这是他们所写的信”,可知答案为B。

35.考查动词词义辨析。A. made    使,做;B. cheered欢呼;C. reached拿到;D. picked取下。根据此处的句意为:“圣诞老人伸手从高处拿下礼物”,可知答案为C。

36.考查名词词义辨析。A. photo照片;B. book    书;C. poster邮件;D. gift礼物。根据此处的句意为:“圣诞老人伸手从高处拿下礼物”,可知答案为D。

37.考查副词词义辨析。A. exactly确切地;B. partly部分地;C. naturally自然地;D. particularly尤其地。根据此处的句意为:“正是他们当初写信时所希望得到的礼物”,可知答案为A。

38.考查动词词义辨析。A. work工作;B. remain保持;C. change改变;D. send发送。根据此处的句意为:“这次经历将永远留在我们生活中的回忆中”,选B。

39.考查名词词义辨析。A. game游戏;B. camp野营;C. trip旅游;    D. task任务。根据此处的句意为:“仍然谈论起那次旅行”,可知答案为C。

40.考查名词词义辨析。A. mind心思;B. power能量;    C. light灯光;D. life生活。根据此处的句意为:“是那次旅行让他们的魔幻般童年生动起来”,可知答案为D。

bring和take的用法:

动词,bring和 take都有“携带,运送”之意,但它们的用法各异。

一、bring意为“拿来,带来”,是指某物或某人从别处带到说话者所在的地方来,动作由远及近。如:Bring your son with you to see me.

二、take意为“带去,拿走”之意,指人或物从说话者所在地带到别处去,动作由近及远。如:I’ll take you to see your English teacher.

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