淮南英语辅导 2020届高三百所名校之书面表达

来源:未知 作者:高考提分狙击手 时间:2020-08-06 09:59 点击:

2020届高三百所名校好题速递之书面表达

【广东省湛江市2019-2020学年高三上学期9月调研】假定你是李华,你校英文报现正在招聘编辑,负责撰写中国传统文化板块的文章。请你写封信,申请该职位。内容包括:

1 .写信目的;

2.优势、特长。

注意:1.词数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】Dear sir/madam,

I am Li Hua, a student in our schooL I am excited to know that your English newspaper will

need a new editor in charge of articles based on traditional Chinese culture. I am writing to apply for the position.

I think I am equal to the job. Firstly, I am good at English, which I believe is a basic requirement for this job. In my spare time, I prefer to read English newspapers, which contributes to my progress in writing. Secondly, I am crazy about everything to do with Chinese culture. I often talk with my foreign friends and introduce Chinese culture to them.

I would be very grateful if you could let me try it. Looking forward to your reply.

Yours

Li Hua

【解析】本篇书面表达是应用文,要求写一封申请信。

第1步:根据提示可知,本文要求写一封申请信:假定你是李华,你校英文报现正在招聘编辑,负责撰写中国传统文化板块的文章。请你写封信,申请该职位。内容包括:1 .写信目的;2.优势、特长。时态应为一般现在时。

第2步:根据写作要求,确定关键词(组),如; editor(编辑),traditional Chinese culture(中国传统文化),position(职位),basic requirement(基本要求), apply(申请)及progress(进步)等。

第3步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第4步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清晰,保持卷面的整洁美观。

范文语言地道,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级词汇和句式,高级词汇有in charge of(负责),be based on(基于),apply for (申请),be equal to(胜任)以及contribute to(有助于、促使),而且还使用了非限定性定语从句“Firstly, I am good at English, which I believe is a basic requirement for this job.”及“In my spare time, I prefer to read English newspapers, which contributes to my progress in writing.”,宾语从句“I am excited to know that your English newspaper will

need a new editor in charge of articles based on traditional Chinese culture.”及“I think I am equal to the job.”,状语从句“I would be very grateful if you could let me try it. ”,全文没有语法错误,上下句转换自然流畅。

【四川省宜宾市2018-2020学年高三上学期第一次诊断】假定你是李华,你的外国朋友 Lucy 来信说,她发现中国人很喜欢红色,但是不确定 中国人在什么场合下会使用红色。请你用英语给她写一封回信,告诉她中国人对于红色的 理解和使用情况。要点如下:

1. 红色的象征意义;

2. 使用红色的场合;

3. 使用红色的一些禁忌。

注意:

1.词数 100 左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Lucy,

I am glad to receive your letter.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

【答案】Dear Lucy,

I am glad to receive your letter. You mentioned we Chinese prefer red but you were at a loss about when to use it. Here, I will tell you something about it.

We do like red, because red stands for happiness and good fortune in our culture. Therefore, People wear red clothes and hang red lanterns in the Spring Festival. And senior citizens even give their grandchildren some lucky money in red envelopes. Besides, young couples also dress red on their traditional weddings.

However, be sure to avoid wearing red clothes during some sad events, such as attending funerals or visiting patients.

I hope my explanations will be of use for you.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Lihua

【解析】这是一篇应用文写作。

第1步:根据提示可知, 本篇为一封电子邮件;假定你是李华,你的外国朋友 Lucy 来信说,她发现中国人很喜欢红色,但是不确定 中国人在什么场合下会使用红色。请你用英语给她写一封回信,告诉她中国人对于红色的 理解和使用情况。要点如下:1. 红色的象征意义;2. 使用红色的场合;3. 使用红色的一些禁忌。

第2步:根据写作要求, 确定关键词(组), 如:mention(提到);prefer(更喜欢);be at a loss(茫然);stand for(代表);red lanterns(红灯笼);senior citizens (年长的人);be of use(有用的)等。

第3步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句, 注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第4步:连句成文, 注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡, 书写一定要规范清晰, 保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。

范文内容完整, 语言规范, 语篇连贯, 词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式, 如You mentioned we Chinese prefer red but you were at a loss about when to use it.运用了宾语从句;We do like red, because red stands for happiness and good fortune in our culture.运用了原因状语从句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式, 显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外, 文章思路清晰、层次分明, 上下句转换自然, 为文章增色添彩。

【四川省南充市2019-2020学年高三上学期统考】假定你是李华,你的加拿大朋友Tom要来南充参观,想让你给他推荐一家酒店。请你给他写封邮件:,内容要点如下:

1.酒店的位置:

2. 推荐的理由;

注意: 1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Tom.

I'm more than pleased to hear

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

【答案】Dear Tom,

I’m more than pleased to hear that you’re coming to pay a visit to my city, Nanchong. Now let me recommend an affordable and comfortable hotel to you: Tianlai International Hotel.

Tianlai International Hotel, located on the Jialing River, is only a quarter’s drive from Nanchong Airport. As a result, it’s convenient for you to get around.

On the other hand, the five-star hotel is newly built, with the latest equipment and beautiful decorations.

Most importantly, the service is the best in this district. Accommodated there, you’ll feel free and at home. You are free to use WiFi and hot water is available all around the clock.

Wish you a happy stay here.

Yours,

Li Hua

【解析】这是一封推荐信,是一篇提纲式作文,时态是一般现在时。

第一步:审题:考生应认真审题,把握文章中心,明确写作要点和所使用时态。这是一封推荐信,写作要点:1.酒店位置;2.推荐理由。写作过程中注意一些句式和短语的使用,写作过程中注意一些连接词和过渡句使用,使上下文意思连贯,符合逻辑关系。

第二步:关键词组:1. be located on 坐落于….

2.a five-star standard hotel五星级标准酒店

3. feel free and at home让某人感到宾至如归等。

第三步:连词成句:1.Tianlai International Hotel, located on the Jialing River, is only a quarter’s drive from Nanchong Airport.

2. On the other hand, the five-star hotel is newly built, with the latest equipment and beautiful decorations.

3. Most importantly, the service is the best in this district. Accommodated there, you’ll feel free and at home.等。

第四步:衔接自然:使用过渡词(组)As a result;On the other hand;Most importantly等。

此外还要注意字数,逻辑关系。

这篇文章作者运用了较多高级句式,使人眼前一亮,让文章自然润色,如:使用宾语从句I’m more than pleased to hear that you’re coming to pay a visit to my city, Nanchong.;使用祈使句Now let me recommend an affordable and comfortable hotel to you: Tianlai International Hotel.;使用过去分词作定语Tianlai International Hotel, located on the Jialing River, is only a quarter’s drive from Nanchong Airport.;使用It作形式主语As a result, it’s convenient for you to get around.;使用非谓语Accommodated there, you’ll feel free and at home.等。句句逻辑紧凑,过渡自然,显示了作者高超的英语能力。

【黑龙江省哈尔滨市第三中学校2020届高三上学期第一次验收】假如你是李华,你的美国朋友Jim 即将来中国旅游。他对中文名字非常感兴趣,并且很想拥有一个中文名字,他向你求助。现请你给他写一封信,包括以下内容:

1. 介绍中文名字的特点;

2. 给他取一个中文名字并给出理由。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 文中不要出现真实姓名。

Dear Jim,

I’m very glad to hear that you will come to visit China.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【答案】Dear Jim,

I’m very glad to hear that you will come to visit China. There is no doubt that a Chinese name will help you better fit in with the culture in our country.

A Chinese name usually consists of two or three characters, which often carry some special significance or expectations. Unlike an English name, the family name is usually put first. And then a given name follows. As you are kind, smart and energetic, I thing Li Yang is most suitable for you. The family name is one of those shared by the largest number of Chinese. The given name means the sun in China.

I hope you will like your new name and have a really good time in China.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【解析】这是一篇应用文,要求写一封信。

第一步:审题。审题的目的是获取重要信息。通过审题我们可以确定几个方面的信息。第一,1. 介绍中文名字的特点;2. 给他取一个中文名字并给出理由。第二,人称为第一人称和第三人称。第三,时态为一般现在时。

第二步:布局段落,确定主要段落,次要段落,段落数量。这篇写作段落数量为三段。第一段,很高兴听说Jim要来中国,介绍拥有中国名字的重要性。第二段,1. 介绍中文名字的特点;2. 给他取一个中文名字并给出理由。第三段,表达希望。

第三步:确定关键词汇和短语: culture,share, mean energetic, characters,significance, expectations,kind, smart energetic, fit in with, consists of ,the family name, given name ,be  suitable for。

第四步:确定较为高级的句子:that引导的同位语从句There is no doubt that a Chinese name will help you better fit in with the culture in our country. which引导的非限制性定语从句 A Chinese name usually consists of two or three characters, which often carry some special significance or expectations. As 引导的原因状语从句As you are kind, smart and energetic, I thing Li Yang is most suitable for you。

第五步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连接词进行过渡衔接:however,besides,then。

第六步:注意书写,保持卷面整洁,避免划线,乱擦。

文章思路清晰,语言规范,段落整齐,语篇连贯,层次清晰。使用了较为高级的句式:that引导的同位语从句There is no doubt that a Chinese name will help you better fit in with the culture in our country. which引导的非限制性定语从句 A Chinese name usually consists of two or three characters, which often carry some special significance or expectations. As 引导的原因状语从句As you are kind, smart and energetic, I thing Li Yang is most suitable for you。

高级句式的应用提升了写作的档次,整个短文显示出了作者高水平的英语表达能力。

【山西省祁县中学2019-2020届高三8月月考】某英文杂志正在举办"Whether should high school students stay up late to study?"为主题的征文活动。假如你是紅星中学李华,就“高中学生该不该熬夜学习“在学校作了一次调查,結果发现60%的同学认为应该熬夜学习,认为晚上学习安静,效率高,而还有40%的同学认为晚上不该熬夜学习,熬夜不利于身体,对学习没有多大帮助。况且白天又容易打瞌睡,得不偿失。现在请你给报社写一封信,反映此现并发表自己的观点。

注意:词数100左右.

參考词汇:gains cannot make up for losses 得不偿失

Dear Editor.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Your's

Li Hua

【答案】Dear Editor,

With the learning task increasing in high school, more and more high school students are beginning to stay up late to study. Recently we did a survey about whether high school freshmen should stay up late to study or not

Opinions are divided into two parts. 60% of the students think they should study at night because there is no noise at that time and that they have higher learning efficiency.

However others think that they should stay up late to study have three reasons. First staying up does great harm to health. Second it is of no help to improve their grades. Third they will be dozy during the day so that gains cannot make up for losses.

As far as I’m concerned, health is more important than anything else. It is normal for high school freshmen to stay up late to study, but it is very harmful to health if they stay up too late frequently.

Yours,

Li Hua

【解析】本书面表达是一篇提纲类写作。要求以紅星中学李华的名义用英语给报社写一封信。

这是一篇书信类作文。写作提要为某英文杂志正在举办"Whether should high school students stay up late to study?"为主题的征文活动。假如你是紅星中学李华,就“高中学生该不该熬夜学习“在学校作了一次调查,結果发现60%的同学认为应该熬夜学习,认为晚上学习安静,效率高,而还有40%的同学认为晚上不该熬夜学习,熬夜不利于身体,对学习没有多大帮助。况且白天又容易打瞌睡,得不偿失。现在请你给报社写一封信,反映此现并发表自己的观点。我们所要做的就是用正确的英语把给出的要点表达出来。本作文中给出的要点比较简略,故需要自由发挥的地方较多。需要注意不要偏离文章中心。写作时注意准确运用时态,上下文意思连贯,符合逻辑关系,一定要契合整个文章,不能出现文章脱节问题。尽量使用自己熟悉的单词句式,同时也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型使文章显得更有档次。

本文内容齐全,结构严谨,层次分明,布局合理,语言精练,同时运用高级句子。with复合结构的使用:With the learning task increasing in high school, more and more high school students are beginning to stay up late to study.动名词作主语的使用:First staying up does great harm to health. 非谓语动词的使用:Second it is of no help to improve their grades.

【广西南宁市第三中学2020届高三9月月考】假如你是李华,前不久你在网上买了一条丝绸围巾,打算送给妈妈作为生日礼物,却在收货时发现存在一些问题。请你就此给网站写一封投诉信。

要点如下: 1.介绍情况;  2.反应问题;   3.提出解决方法。

注意:1.词数100左右     2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear sir or Madam,

                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                     

Yours,

Li Hua

 

【答案】Dear Sir/Madam,

I am one of your customers. Recently, I ordered a silk scarf for my mum as a birthday gift . To my disappointment, there are the following problems.

To begin with, it didn’t arrive on schedule, which missed my mum’s birthday and let me down. Besides, it is of the wrong color, which should be blue instead of red. Sadly, my mum hates red the most! What bothers me the most is the quality of the scarf. It is not made of genuine silk and even gives off a bad smell, making the whole thing absolutely unacceptable!

I am not satisfied to have received such poor service, hoping that you can return my money or deliver a new one to me .I’d appreciate it if you can take it into consideration.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours

Lihua

【解析】本文属于提纲作文。时态是一般现在时和一般过去时。

第一步:审题

假如你是李华,前不久你在网上买了一条丝绸围巾,打算送给妈妈作为生日礼物,却在收货时发现存在一些问题。请你就此给网站写一封投诉信。一、仔细阅读有关提点包括:1、介绍情况;2、反映存在的问题;3、提出解决方案。在提纲的范围内进行分析、构思和想象,要依据提示情景或词语,按照要点所给的顺序写。

第二步:关键词组

to my disappointment让我失望的是;let sb. down让某人失望;be made of 由…组成;give off释放;be satisfied to对…不满意;take sth. into consideration.考虑…等

第三步:遣词造句

To my disappointment, there are the following problems.

To begin with, it didn’t arrive on schedule, which missed my mum’s birthday and let me down.

I am not satisfied to have received such poor service.等

此外,应该意使用较高级的词汇和句子的衍接,以提高作文的档次。写作中适当使用连词,注意上下文联系紧密符合逻辑关系。也不要拘泥于要点的表达,可以适当增加细节以使行文连贯,比如适当选用表示因果递进、转折关系的连接词语等。

本文结构紧凑,层次分明,而且使用了多种高分句型表达,如:使用which引导非限制性定语从句To begin with, it didn’t arrive on schedule, which missed my mum’s birthday and let me down.;主语从句What bothers me the most is the quality of the scarf.;使用现在分词作结果状语It is not made of genuine silk and even gives off a bad smell, making the whole thing absolutely unacceptable!;使用it作形式宾语句式I’d appreciate it if you can take it into consideration.等,没有中式英文,给文章增加鲜明的色彩,也显示了作者运用英语水平高。

【浙江省名校新高考研究联盟(Z20联盟)2020届高三上学期第一次联考】写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假如你是李华,学校最近要组织一次英语演讲比赛,主题为“垃圾分类益处多”。请你根据此话题写一篇演讲稿。要点如下:

1.你的观点;

2.你的建议。

参考词汇:垃圾分类garbage classification

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】Hello, everyone! I’m glad to have this chance to share some ideas about garbage classification with you.

To my understanding, the earth is home to every individual, and it’s our duty to protect the environment voluntarily. By sorting the waste, we can not only reduce pollution but also conserve energy, which will pave the way for recycling of valuable recourses.

For the sake of our environment and life, we are expected to learn to sort the rubbish and make it a habit. Every individual can make a difference and let’s bring a brighter future for the planet!

Thank you!

【解析】这是一篇应用文写作。

第1步:根据提示可知,本篇为一篇演讲稿;假如你是李华,学校最近要组织一次英语演讲比赛,主题为“垃圾分类益处多”。请你根据此话题写一篇演讲稿。要点如下:1.你的观点;2.你的建议。

第2步:根据写作要求,确定关键词(组),如:garbage classification(垃圾分类成立),to my understanding scenic spots(根据我的理解),pave the way(为……做准备);for the sake of(为了),make a difference(有影响)等。

第3步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第4步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清晰,保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。

范文内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式,如By sorting the waste, we can not only reduce pollution but also conserve energy, which will pave the way for recycling of valuable recourses.运用了非限定性定语从句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外,文章思路清晰、层次分明,上下句转换自然,为文章增色添彩。

第二节:概要写作(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇 60词左右的内容概要。

Although being famous might sound like a dream come taste, today’s stars, feeling like zoo animals, face pressures that few of us can imagine. They are at the center of much of the world’s attention. Paparazzi(狗仔队)camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids(小报)publish thrilling stories about their personal lives. Just imagine not being able to do anything without being photographed or interrupted for a signature.

According to the psychologists, celebrities(名人)worry constantly about their public appearance. Eventually, they start to lose track of who they really are, seeing themselves the way their fans imagine them, not as the people they were before everyone knew their names. Over little, they feel separated and alone.

The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages. In the 4th century B C., painters followed Alexander the Great into battle, hoping to picture his victories for his admirers. When Charles Dickens visited America in the 19th century, his sold-out readings attracted thousands of fans, leading him to complain about his lack of privacy. Tabloids of the 1920s and 1930s ran articles ghoul filth-slats in much the same way that modern tabloids and websites do.

Being a public figure today, however, is a lot more difficult than it used to be. Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modem cameras. When they say something silly or do something ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their "story" alive forever.

If fame is so troublesome. Why aren’t all celebrities running away from it’? The answer is there arc still ways to deal with it. Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love to do or whatever made theme famous in the first place. With these effective approaches, some celebrities relieve the stress and remain popular with fans. Consequently, though being famous is driving some stars crazy, some wise ones enjoy what reputation brings them.

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【答案】Living in the public gaze, stars suffer from great pressure. (要点1) What’s worse, anxiety over their public appearance robs them of the objective self-image, which leads to the feeling of isolation in the long term. (要点2) While being tracked has been a headache to celebrities for centuries, modern cameras and the Internet make it harder to be famous nowadays. (要点3、4) However, by dealing with the stress wisely, stars still can stay popular and happy. (要点5)

【解析】这是一篇概要写作。

写作步骤

1)细读原文。首先要仔细阅读短文,掌握文章主旨。文章说明到生活在众目睽睽之下,明星们承受着巨大的压力。更糟的是,对他们的公众形象的焦虑剥夺了他们客观的自我形象,这导致长期的孤立感。几个世纪以来,被跟踪一直是令名人头疼的问题,但现代相机和互联网让如今成名变得更加困难。然而,通过明智地处理压力,明星们仍然可以保持受欢迎和快乐。

2)弄清结构,归纳段意。概要写作是写全文概要,不是写某一部分的概要,或者就某些问题写出要点。

3)列出原文要点。分析原文的内容和结构,将内容分项扼要表述并注意在结构上的顺序。在此基础上选出与文章主题密切相关的部分。

4)在写作时要特别注意下面几点:

(1)概要应包括原文中的主要事实,略去不必要的细节。

(2)安排好篇幅的比例,概要应同原文保持协调,即用较多的文字写重要内容,用较少的文字写次要内容。

(3)注意要点之间的衔接,要用适当的关联词语贯通全文,切忌只简单地写出一些互不相干的句子,但也不要每两句之间都加关联词语,以免显得生硬。

(4)不排斥用原文的某些词句,但不要照搬原文的句子,如果不能完全用自己的话语表达,至少对原文句子做一些同义词替换,如果结构上也能有一些转换会更好。

(5)计算词数,看是否符合规定的词数要求。

 

【河北衡水中学2020届高三上学期英语第一次联考】假定你是李华,给你开网店的英国朋友peter寄去了一包自家产的有机(organic)绿茶,并附有一份该茶的说明。请你给peter发封邮件,要点如下:  

1)请他品茶;

2)说明该茶的特点(有机、绿色等);

3)请他帮忙代卖该茶。

注意:1)词数100左右;

2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3)开头语和结尾语已为你写好。

Dear Peter,

How are you? _______________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

【答案】

 Dear Peter,

    How are you? I hope you and your family are quite well.

    Yesterday I posted a package of tea to you, inside which is a description for it. Our family plant tea and we make the tea product by ourselves. Green and organic, the tea is rich in nutrition like vitamins. You can taste it and will find how nice it is. Meanwhile, I'd like to ask you a favor. I wonder if you could sell the tea for me in your shop. Thank you for your help!

    Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

【考点】提纲作文,文字式应用文,半开放性作文    

【解析】本题是一篇英文信件,要求考生以李华的身份给peter发封邮件。写作背景:给你开网店的英国朋友peter寄去了一包自家产的有机绿茶,并附有一份该茶的说明。写作要点已经给出,属于提纲类作文,内容包括:1)请他品茶;2)说明该茶的特点(有机、绿色等);3)请他帮忙代卖该茶。考生在写作过程中,上下文意思要连贯,符合逻辑关系,一定要契合题目所给出的信息,不要出现偏题问题。尽量使用自己熟悉的单词句式,同时也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型使文章显得更有文采。

 【点评】本书面表达要点齐全,上下文连贯,使用一定数量的句式结构,让句子更加生动丰满,同时运用了许多高级词汇和固定短语,提高文章的档次,体现了对英语的熟练的驾驭能力。例如:I hope you and your family are quite well.运用了宾语从句;   Yesterday I posted a package of tea to you, inside which is a description for it. 运用了非限制性定语从句; You can taste it and will find how nice it is. 运用了并列句; I wonder if you could sell the tea for me in your shop. 运用了宾语从句;Thank you for your help!运用了祈使句。

 

【浙江省七彩阳光联盟2019—2020学年高三上学期期初联考】写作(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 应用文写作(满分 15 分)

66.假设你是李华,你校交换生加拿大学生 John 将在一周后抵达杭州并入住你家,你们将在同一个班级学习一个月。请你写一封信,告知他你去机场接机的时间以及随后的安排。

内容包括:1.表示欢迎并说明接机时间和地点; 2.你的安排。

注意:1.词数 80 左右 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】Dear John,

I’m writing to extend my warmest welcome to you and confirm our schedule on the day you arrive.

I’m going to pick you up at the Xiao Shan International Airport at 10:00 next Sunday morning, standing at the exit and wearing a red jacket so you won’t miss me. After that, we are to head directly to my home and you are to settle down. I bet my mother will have cooked a delicious lunch for us by then.

Hope you can enjoy your stay in China and become my good friend in the following month.

Wish you a happy journey.

Yours,

Li Hua

【解析】

这是一封介绍信。你向John就机场接他的时间及随后的安排向他做一个介绍,让他知晓。题干中内容简练,特别是你的安排部分,需要同学们自主发挥。

【详解】第一步:审题

确定时态和人称。由于是你现在写信就即将发生的事情与计划做介绍,所以时态应以一般将来时为主,主语用第一人称。

第二步:列提纲 (重点词组)

extend my warmest welcome to you(向你表示最热烈的欢迎);confirm our schedule(确定时间安排);pick you up(接机);standing at the exit(站在出口);you won’t miss me(你不会错过我);settle down(安顿下来)等。

第三步:遣词造句:同学们在写作时不能逐句翻译,可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯,同时要点表述要完整,文章要通顺,准确使用时态和语态。

第四步:连句成文:写作时要适当使用连词、过渡词和插入语,使文章浑然一体。同时恰当而合理地使用一些高级词汇和句型,如定语从句等,以提高文章档次。

【点睛】范文内容完整,要点全面,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当,上下文意思连贯,符合逻辑关系。作者在范文中使用了较多句式,如:第二段第一句使用了现在分词作状语standing at the exit and wearing a red jacket;第二段第三句使用了宾语从句I bet my mother will…;第三段Hope后使用了宾语从句;本文还使用了一些高级词汇,如settle down; in the following month ; extend my warmest welcome to you等。全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外,文章思路清晰、层次分明,上下句转换自然,为文章增色添彩。

 

第二节:概要写作(满分 25 分)

67.阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。

Whether you’re looking for a quick hotel in the city or a isolated resort in the tropics, where you choose to stay can make or break your vacation experience. But even the most seasoned travelers may not know the difference between the two main types of homes-away-from-home. Besides their first letter, is there any real difference between hotels and motels?

These two types of lodging(宾馆) have the same basic purpose—a place for travelers to sleep—but there are plenty of features that set them apart. For instance, they came to be for different reasons, and at very different times. The word “hotel” dates back to the 1600s and comes from a French word, hôtel. That word, just like the English one, referred to a place that provides lodging, meals, entertainment, and other services to travelers.

Motels, on the other hand, are a much more recent—and pretty much exclusively American—lodging option. This word dates back to the 1920s and combines the words “hotel” and “motor.” As America’s major highway system developed, so did motels, filling the need for roadside stops for motorists traveling cross-country.

There are also some smaller differences that can help you figure out which type of place you’re in. Hotels tend to be built for longer stays, while motels are geared more for one- or two-night stops along a journey. Because of this, hotels are much more likely to have offerings like lounges, gyms, and entertainment.

So, in the end, it comes down to what you want from your trip and from your lodging. Want the place you stay to be just as much a part of your travel experience as anything else? Opt for a hotel. Just need a place to pop in and out of to shower and sleep? A motel might be the better choice.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】Motels and hotels have real differences other than their first letters in spelling.(要点1) Although serving the same purpose of offering travelers a place to sleep, they have different features.(要点2) Take their origin as an example, hotels appear much earlier than motels, which stem from the necessity to cater for/accommodate highway motorists. (要点3)Another slight difference is that hotels are intended for longer stay and motels for shorter stops.(要点4) It’s up to the travelers to decide which one they prefer.(要点5)

【解析】

这是一篇说明文的概要写作。文章介绍了旅馆和汽车旅馆的区别,明白了这些区别,大家旅行时可按需选择。同学们先要分析篇章结构,找出每段中心句或中心思想,再组织成文。注意不能使用原文中的原句,尽量多使用概括性的词汇。

【详解】首先分析篇章结构:

第一段强调旅行时住宿很重要,旅馆和汽车旅馆有什么不同呢(提出问题)。

第二段和第三段介绍他们起源的时间和原因目的不同。

第四段介绍他们提供不同长度的住宿。

第五段写大家旅游时可按需选择。

我们对每个要点使用一句话作总结,就可以写成一篇概要。

【点睛】本文总结详略得当,要点全。使用了高级词汇和高级句子。如:描述第三个要点时使用了定语从句,描述第四个要点时使用了表语从句,描写第五个要点时使用了it作形式主语。第一句、第二句、第四句中表达并列关系的句式也使用的比较好。词汇例如使用了介词other than(除了)、serving the same purpose of(有共同的目的)、Take their origin as an example(那起源举例)、stem from the necessity to(起源于……的需要)等,概括地很恰当巧妙。

【黑龙江省鹤岗市第一中学2020届高三上学期8月开学考试】假设你是红星中学学生会主席李华,你打算申请给即将到你校任教的外籍教师jack当一名学生助手。请根据提示给Jack写封申请信

1.欢迎Jack的到来并表明写信目的

2.介绍自己的基本情况(性格,能力等)

3.表达谢意。

注意:1.词数100左右

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】Dear jack,

I’m Li Hua, Chairman of the Student Union of Hongxing High School. Hearing that you will teach in our school, I am so delighted and welcome you warmly. And I am writing to apply for the position of your teaching assistant.

Optimistic and outgoing, I get along well with everyone. I am sure we will have a happy time working together. What’s more, I have a gift for computer, which enables me to work efficiently when handling some computer-related tasks Last but not least, it is my fluent English and effective communication skills that make me qualified for the job.

Thank you for the patience in reading and considering I am looking forward to your coming and early reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

【解析】这是一篇应用文写作。

第1步:根据提示可知,本篇为一封电子邮件;假设你是红星中学学生会主席李华,你打算申请给即将到你校任教的外籍教师jack当一名学生助手。请根据提示给Jack写封申请信。1.欢迎Jack的到来并表明写信目的;2.介绍自己的基本情况(性格,能力等);3.表达谢意。

第2步:根据写作要求,确定关键词(组),如:Chairman of the Student Union(学生会主席),delighted(高兴的),apply for(申请);teaching assistant(教学助手),get along well with(相处愉快)等。

第3步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第4步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清晰,保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。

范文内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式,如I am sure we will have a happy time working together.运用了宾语从句;What’s more, I have a gift for computer, which enables me to work efficiently when handling some computer-related tasks运用了非限定性定语从句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外,文章思路清晰、层次分明,上下句转换自然,为文章增色添彩。

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