2019届高三二轮复习英语基础练习:用时30天(第1天)

来源:未知 作者:高考提分狙击手 时间:2019-04-04 17:51 点击:

 

高考一时没有开始,语基训练则一刻不停。无论哪一阶段的复习,都不能忽视对语基的巩固和落实。本部分从考纲3500个词汇中精心筛选1500个左右高考高频词供考生在二轮复习中每天挤时训练。只有打牢语基,才能做到“基稳楼高”。

第1天/a—amount

(训练日期  月  日)

1

Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.(2018·全国卷Ⅲ)Wang collected more than 7 million abandoned (被遗弃的;被抛弃的) bricks of different ages.

2.Judging from his accent(口音), he must come from Shandong Province.

3.Forgive me for having taken up so much of your time and accept (接受) my best wishes for your health and happiness.

4.With the help of the subway network, traffic jams and road accidents (事故) have been reduced, so it is convenient for people to travel.

5.(2018·天津高考)It took him a long time to acquire (获得,学到) the skills he needed to become a good dancer.

6.Many experts advocate (提倡) rewarding children for their good behaviour.

7.Besides, the books are sold at a much lower price than what the bookstore offer so that most of us can afford (负担得起) to buy some. 

8.His distinguished contribution to agriculture (农业) has brought him the title “Father of Super Hybrid Rice”.

9.Children, when accompanied by their parents, are allowed (允许) to enter the stadium.

10.(2018·浙江高考)No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition (雄心,抱负), energy and luck made Dickens such a distinguished writer.[来源:学科网ZXXK]

Ⅱ.用括号中单词的适当形式填空

1.(2018·全国卷Ⅲ)We both became absorbed (absorb) in the simplicity of playing together.

2.As we all know, there is an abundant (abundance) supply of fresh water in Canada.

3.He was disabled in the war, so he was unable to do some work.However, he didn’t allow his disability to prevent him from doing a job because he took a positive working attitude and had a strong communication ability.(able)

4.While making the plan, you should pay more attention to the accuracy. You must measure the length accurately in order to get the accurate number.(accurate)

5.I hold the firm belief that you are bound to achieve your dream of being admitted to a key university, which will give you a wonderful sense of achievement.(achieve)

6.The moment I saw the scientist admired by everyone, words failed to express my admiration.(admire)

7.To my amazement, the amazing news amazes the family and their neighbors are also amazed.(amaze)

8.The young man with great ambition had an ambitious plan to build a school in the poor village.(ambition)

Ⅲ.根据括号中的汉语提示完成句子

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)In the absence of (缺少) wolves, coyote (丛林狼) populations also grew quickly.

2.Mary was so absorbed in (专心于)her book that she didn’t even notice me come in.[来源:学科网ZXXK]

3.I am accustomed/used to (习惯于) getting up early and taking an hour’s walk before breakfast.

4.If sometimes we don’t agree with (同意;赞同) our parents, we should try to put ourselves in their shoes and we will soon understand them.

5.Accused of/Charged with (被指控) acting dishonestly in her business, she was in low spirits.

6.(2018·天津高考)Bob thought he couldn’t go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went after all (最终;终究).

Ⅳ.写出加黑部分在语境中的词性及含义

1.absent (熟义:adj.缺席的)

He looked at me in an absent way.   adj.茫然的;恍惚的

2.absorb (熟义:v.吸收;吸引)[来源:学科网]

I’ve just been so busy studying and trying to absorb all new things around me. 

vt.理解;掌握

3.ache (熟义:v.& n.疼痛)

As far as I know, he was aching for home.   v.渴望

4.acknowledge (熟义:v.承认)

I would like to acknowledge all the help I have received from my family.  vt.感谢

5.act (熟义:v.& n.行动)

It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.  v.起作用

6.add (熟义:vt.添加,增加)[来源:学&科&网Z&X&X&K]

The president agreed, adding that he hoped for a peaceful solution.  vt.补充说

 

7.address (熟义:n.地址v.写地址)

He is going to address the meeting in a minute.  v.向……发表演说

8.against (熟义:prep.反对,违背)

The picture looks nice against the white wall.  prep.映衬;以……为背景

9.age (熟义:n.年龄)

As your son grows, you also age.  vi.变老;老化

10.air (熟义:n.空气)

①We opened doors and windows to air out the house.  vt.使通风

②The TV play is due to air next week.  vi.播放;广播

Ⅴ.用括号中动词的适当形式填空

1.The student absorbed (absorb) in the games on the smartphone during class did not notice his teacher behind him.

2.Accompanied (accompany) by a great number of people, the president walked into the building.

3.He is widely acknowledged (acknowledge) as the best player in the world.

4.He has acquired (acquire) a wide knowledge of his major from his work in the past few years.

5.(2017·天津高考)She asked me whether I had returned the books to the library, and I admitted (admit) that I hadn’t.

6.All three teams adopted (adopt) different approaches to the problem.

7.Deeply affected (affect) by his story, many young people began to do volunteer work for the disabled. 

8.The Earth’s temperature is rising at an alarming (alarm) rate.

Ⅵ.改正下列句子中的唯一错误

1.I really think you should study English well in China and then go to abroad. 去掉to 

2.Frank put the medicine in a top drawer to make sure it would not be accessible for the kids.for→to

3.From this experience, I am fully aware that we should take real actions if our personality needs improving.actions→action

4.It’s much safer to get through the road at the traffic lights.through→across

5.The director was fully convinced that this moving story, if adapting for television, would be a hit.adapting→adapted

6.They admired him at his excellent performance in the football game.at→for

 

Ⅶ.用括号中的参考词汇表达句子

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ书面表达)考虑到所有因素,我还是希望你可以考虑我的邀请。 (account, factor, invitation)

Taking all the factors into account, I hope you can consider my invitation.

2.(2018·浙江高考写作)更重要的是,我通过在旅行社做兼职工作,陪同一些外国游客,积累了相关经验。(what’s more, accumulate, agency, accompany)

What’s more, I have accumulated related experience by working parttime in a travel agency, accompanying some foreign tourists.

3.收到你的来信得知你被剑桥大学录取我很高兴。(more than, delighted, admit)

I’m more than delighted to receive your letter and know you’ve been admitted to the University of Cambridge.

4.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ书面表达)毫无疑问你应该提前了解唐朝历史,这将使课堂顺利进行。(doubt, supposed, advance, smoothly)[来源:学+科+网]

There is no doubt that you are supposed to know about the history of Tang Dynasty in advance, which will make the class go smoothly.

5.骑自行车上班的优点是我们可以过一种低碳生活。(advantage, a low carbon life)

The advantage of cycling to work is that we can live a low carbon life.

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