北师大版必修一Unit1单元测试题

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北师大版必修一Unit1单元测试题(含答案解析)

第一部分 听力(共三节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节  (共5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.

B. £9.15.

C. £9.18.

答案是B。

 4

1.What does the man mean?

   A.Of course, you can   B.No, please don’t     C.Never

 2.What does the husband tell his wife to do?

   A.To buy a new dress.   B.To decide by herself quickly.

   C.To wear an evening dress.

 3.What are they doing?

   A.Making an appointment(约会).    B.Deciding what to do    C.Checking the time.

 4.How many pills should the man take in 24 hours?

   A.4 pills         B.24 pills           C.16 pills

 5.Why isn’t Jack present?

   A.Because he wasn’t invited. 

   B.Because he changed hi mind.

   C.Because he forgot the invitation.

第二节  (共15小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅览室读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

 6.What are they complaining about?

  A.The transport system.      B.The business equipment.      C.Too many people.

 7.What happened to the woman yesterday?

  A.She was able to enjoy herself by visiting all the stores on Nanjing Road.

  B.There were so many people on Nanjing Road that she could hardly move.

  C.She went to Nanjing Road to see a lot of people.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

 8.Where are they?

  A.In an airport.       B.In a railway station.    C.At a bus stop.

9.What does the man worry about?

  A.Weather.         B.Safety.               C.The woman.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

 10.What does the man feel at the beginning of the dialogue?

   A.He feels sad.     B.He feels angry.        C.He feels happy.

 11.What’s the reason of this?

   A.People don’t know him, so they don’t talk to him.

   B.He is treated as a child.

   C.He has a lot to do every day.

 12.What’s the result of the dialogue?

   A.The man feels better.   B.The man feels the same.   C.The man feels worse.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

 13.Where is the flat?

   A.In the centre of the city.  B.Beside a park.       C.Far from a busy road.

 14.How many bedrooms does the house have?

   A.Two              B.Three              C.Four

 15.What floor is it on?

   A.5th              B.6th               C.7th

 16.What does the man think of the house?

   A.He likes it.       B.He doesn’t like it.   C.He wants to see it first.

听第10段材料,回答第17至 20 题。

 17.Where is Jane’s apartment?

   A.In the centre of town   B.Around a store   C.In a living area

 18.What can you see around the building?

   A.A parking place       B.A post office     C.Many shops

 19.How many bus stations are there around the apartment?

   A.One               B.Two             C.Three

 20.Why is it a convenient place?

   A.Because it is easy to take a bus.

   B.Because it is in the centre of town.

   C.Because it is far away from the countryside.

第二部分 英语知识运用

第一节 单项填空 (共15小题, 满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21.I can’t stand_____ with Jane in the same company.

A.works   B worked   C.working   D.to work

22.Rather than_____on a crowed bus, he always prefers____a bicycles.

A ride, ride      B riding, ride    C ride, to ride      D to ride, riding

23.After he retired from office, Rogers ___ painting for a while, but soon lost interest.

A took up        B save up      C kept up        D drew up

24.I’d like to study law at university____ my cousin prefers geography.

A though     B as    C while     D for

25.—The last one___ pays the meal

--- Agreed.

A arrived          B arrives      C to arrive        D arriving

26.The farmers___ a lot ___ the flood.

A sufferd….from          B Sufferd…..of

C will suffer….for         D Suffer…..to

27.The hurricane(飓风)damaged many houses and business buildings, ___, it caused 20 deaths.

A or else             B therefore       C after all             D besides

28.--- Be careful when you cross this very busy street, if not, you may___ hurt by a car.

A have    B become    C get      D run

29.He often complains      the weather.

A.about   B.for        C.with     D.to

30.John shut everybody out of the kitchen___ he could prepare his grand surprise for the evening party.

A which     B when     C so that       D as if    

31.It took us much time to get there.It was ____trip.

A.a two hours   B.a two-hour    C.two-hour   D.two hours

32.The man seldom has time ____.

A.for a fun     B.for fun      C.for funs      D.for a funs

33. The boy was caught ___________in the shop.

A. stealing   B.steal   C. was stealing   D. stole

34.Tom often____himself as a gifted singer.

A.thinks     B.thinks of     C.thinks about     D.thinks over

35. --- Are you still busy?

----Yes, I___ my work, and it won’t take long.

A just finish             B am just finishing      

C have just finish         D just going to finish

第二节 完形填空 (共20小题, 满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第36至第55小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

You either have it, or you don’t ----a sense of   36 , that is. But   37  is it that some people could find their way across the Sahara without a map, while others can   38  themselves in the next street?

Scientists say we’re all   39  with a sense of direction,   40 

it is not properly understood how it works. One theory(理论) is that people with a good sense of direction have worked hard at   41   it. Research being   42  out at Liverpool University   43  this idea and suggests that if we don’t use it, we lose if.

“Children as young as seven have the ability(能力) to find their way   44 ,” says Jim Martland, Research Director of the project. “However,   45  they are not allowed out alone or are taken everywhere by car, they will   46  develop the skills.”

Jim Martland also emphasizes(强调) that young people should be taught certain   47  to improve their sense of direction. He makes the following suggestions:

* If you are using a   48 , turn it so it   49  to the way you are facing.

* If you leave your bike in a strange place, put it near   50  like a big stone

or a tree. Note landmarks(路标) on the route(路线) as you go away from your

bike. When you return, go back along     51    route.

* Simplify(简化) the way of finding your direction by using lines such as

streets in a town, streams, or walls in the countryside to   52   you.   53  your steps   54  you know how far you have gone and note any landmarks such as tower blocks or hills which can help to find out where you are.Now you will never get lost   55  !

36. A. smell      B. touch      C. direction      D. sight

37. A. what      B. why       C. when         D. where

38. A. lose       B. desert      C. find          D. miss

39. A. popular    B. familiar    C. born         D. please

40. A. however   B. as          C. but          D. so

41. A. discussing  B. developing  C. discovering   D. displaying

42. A. carried    B. checked     C. worked      D. ruled

43. A. agrees     B. supports    C. ignores      D. celebrates

44. A. away      B. across      C. nearby       D. around

45. A. because    B. since       C. if            D. unless

46. A. almost     B. always      C. possibly      D. never

47. A. programs   B. skills       C. reasons      D. advices

48. A. book       B. torch       C. map        D. radio

49. A. relates     B. comes       C. gets        D. leads

50. A. anything   B. everything   C. nothing     D. something

51. A. the difficult  B. the same   C. the other    D. the extra

52. A. guide      B. please       C. test         D. inform

53. A. Count     B. Watch       C. Mind       D. Find

54. A. though     B. once        C. so that      D. whether

55. A. again      B. much       C. too         D. forever

第三节 阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

In 1620, about half the USA was covered by forests. Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone with them, leaving only sand. China doesn't want to copy the USA's example. We're planting more and more trees. We've built the " Great Green Wall" of trees across northern part of our country.The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long, and between 400 and 1,700 kilometres wide. It will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. It will stop the sand from moving towards the rich farmland in the south. More "Great Green Walls" are needed. Trees must be grown all over the world. Great Green Walls will make the world better.

56.In 1620, about ______ the USA was covered by forests.

A.a third   B.half   C.two thirds   D.a fourth

57.A lot of good land has gone with ______.

A.sand   B.water   C.wind   D.forests

58.The Great Green Wall in China is ______ long.

A.7,000 kilometers    B.1,700 kilometers 

C .7,000 meters     D.400 kilometers

59.Trees must be grown in ______.

A.China                  B.the USA 

C.some countries           D.every part of the world

60.______ will make the world better.

A.The Great Wall         B.Tall buildings 

C.Great Green Walls       D.Flowers and grass

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present.On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office,a street urchin(顽童) was walking around the shining car.“Is this your car,Paul?”he asked. 

Paul answered,“Yes,my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised.“You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you nothing?Boy,I wish…” He hesitated(犹豫). 

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for.He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly. 

“I wish,” the boy went on,“that I could be a brother like that.” Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, “Would you like to take a ride in my car?” 

“Oh yes,I'd love that.” 

After a short ride,the boy turned and with his eyes shining,said,“Paul,would you mind driving in front of my house?” 

Paul smiled a little.He thought he knew what the boy wanted.He wanted to show his neighbours that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again. “Will you stop where those two steps are?” the boy asked. 

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled(残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car. 

“There she is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I've been trying to tell you about.” 

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and the three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride. 

61.The street urchin was very surprised when ________. 

A.Paul received an expensive car 

B.Paul told him about the car 

C.he saw the shining car 

 D.he was walking around the car 

62.From the story we can see the urchin ________. 

A.wished to give his brother a car 

B.wanted Paul’s brother to give him a car 

C.wished he could have a brother like Paul's 

D.wished Paul could be a brother like that 

63.The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________. 

A.to show his neighbours the big car 

B.to show he had a rich friend 

C.to let his brother ride in the car 

D.to tell his brother about his wish 

64.We can infer(推断)from the story that ________. 

A.Paul couldn't understand the urchin 

B.the urchin had a deep love for his brother 

C.the urchin wished to have a rich brother 

D.the urchin's wish came true in the end 

65.The best name of the name story is _________. 

A.A Christmas Present 

B.A Street Urchin 

C.A Brother Like That 

D.An Unforgettable Holiday Ride 

C

Does the night sky excite you? Astronomy can be a (most) wonderful pastime activity. There are many things to learn for fun, and a chance to discover something new. In fact, some amateur astronomers have made great discoveries just with their eyes or binoculars(双筒望远镜).

        Beginners to astronomy should shy away from buying telescopes until they’ve watched the universe through binoculars. These simple instruments help beginners get used to seeing the view through a more powerful instrument than the naked eye. With a telescope, not only are the pictures upside down, but they are usually greatly magnified(放大): much bigger than the normal size. Thus, it’s best to test your skills first with binoculars.

        A good pair of binoculars opens a completely new world that can’t be seen with the naked eye. In our solar system alone, binoculars can show craters(坑,环形山) on the Moon, the rings of Saturn, states of Venus, four bright moons of Jupiter, all the planets except Pluto, small planets, and comets with tails.

        We can see many more stars when using binoculars. There are hundreds of stars that we can see with binoculars. These stars often change in brightness, and they are interesting to watch. And many star clusters(群) and galaxies can be seen.

   66.According to the passage, the underlined "astronomy” is _____.

      A. a machine which tells you about future     

B. a branch of science to study plants and animals

      C. a kind of telescope                D. a branch of science to study universe

67.The underlined phrase "shy away from"in the second paragraph means ______.

      A. be shy of            B. think of         C. avoid                D. consider

   68.When you watch the sky through a telescope, the pictures you see are _______.

        A. at the normal position      B. much smaller than the real ones

        C. bigger than the real ones    D. not as clear as what you see through binoculars

   69.Through a good pair of binoculars, you can see all of the following EXCEPT _______ in our solar system.

      A. states of Pluto     B. the rings of Saturn   C. craters on the Moon   D. states of Venus

   70.The best title for the passage is ______.

        A. Astronomy is a wonderful pastime         B. How to use a telescope

        C. Watching the sky through binoculars     D. Amateur astronomers’choice

D

    Jack Brown,an office worker,lives in Washington.He inherited(继承)  a million dollars when he was 23,but he wasn’t happy at a11.When his college friends were 100king for their jobs,he didn’t have to.Jack decided to living a simple life like everyone else.He gave $l0,000 of his money to a charity(慈善机构)to help poor children live a better life.Today he is 36.He still wears cheap shoes and clothes and drives a small car only,but he is Very happy.

    Up to now Jack has helped some children from poor countries all over the world,by sending them each$200 a mouth.The money was used for the children’s study, food, medicine and clothing.Jack receives a report each year on the children’s progress(进步).They can write to each other.but usually the children do not speak English.

When Jack first heard about these children,he wanted to help them.“It was nothing special,” he said.“Until 1 went to these countries and met the children I was helping,I didn’t know anything about their life.” Once Jack went to meet a little girl in Africa.He said that the meeting was Very exciting.“When I met her.I felt very ,very happy."he said.“Ana I saw that the money was used for a good cause.It brought me happiness.I want to do everything I can to go on helping those children.”

71.Jack didn’t need to look for a job ___________.

     A.before he went to college                 B.after he went to Africa

C.because he got one million dollars          D.before he received a report

72.Jack has sent them each $200 a month to help some poor children _______.

  A.only in Washington             B.only in England

C.only in Africa                  D.around the world

73.Jack learned about the children’s progress by ________.

     A.visiting them each year      B.getting a report every year

     C.staying with them          D.talking to them in English

74.The underlined(划线的)words “for a good cause ”means“¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬________” in Chinese.

     A.施舍    B.行善   C.优惠    D. 赏赐

75.What’s the main idea of the story?

     A.Help others,and you will feel happy.

B. It’s necessary to write letters to poor children.

C. Live a simple life,and you can give others help.

D. It’s the most important to help the children in Africa.

第三部分  非选择题(共两节45分)

第一节 阅读表达(共5小题, 每小题3分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,并根据文章后面的题目要求,回答76-80小题。

阅读下面的短文,请根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的词数要求)。

An American friend of mine who was high up in a big corporation had worked out a way of handling a flood of e-mails before most of us had even heard of the concept. If any information he was sent was vital enough, his lack of response would ensure the sender rang him up, if the sender wasn’t important enough to have his private number, the communication couldn’t be that important, my friend is now even more senior in the same company so the strategy must work. 

Almost every week now there seems to be a report suggesting that we are all being driven crazy by the bother of e-mail. If this is the case, it’s only because we haven’t developed an appropriate discrimination in dealing with it. 

_________. Firstly, you junk nothing with an exclamation mark or a string of capital letters, or from any address you don’t recognize or feel confident about. 

Secondly, e-mails don’t all have to be answered. Because e-mailing is so easy, there’s a tendency for

correspondence to carry on for ever, but it is permissible to stop an endless discussion or to accept a point of information sent by a colleague without acknowledging it.

Thirdly, a reply e-mail doesn’t have to be the same length as the original. We all have e-mail pals who send long, chatty e-mail, which are nice to receive, but who then expect an equally long reply. The charm of e-mail can consist in the simple, incomplete sentence, totally regardless of the format of the letter sent by post. You are perfectly within the bounds of politeness in responding to a marathon e-mail with a better reply. 

76.Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? 

The possible existence of annoyance results from our inability to sort out e-mails 

___________________________________________________________________

77.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with a proper sentence.(within 10 words ) 

___________________________________________________________________

78.What advice is given in the last paragraph? (within 10 words) 

____________________________________________________________________

79.For what purpose does the author mention his American friend in Paragraph 1 ?(within 10 words) 

____________________________________________________________________

80.Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. 

____________________________________________________________________

第二节 写作(满分30)

   假设你是Linda ,你现在正感到生活不快乐,不健康,有压力,可又不知道如何改变自己的生活方式,于是写信给你的一个好朋友,请求他/她提些建议。

    下面是你的朋友提的几点建议,请你按照以下内容给Linda回一封信(约100词左右)

     1.要有足够的睡眠,至少8小时,这样才能精力充沛(energetic)、学习积极(active)。

     2.多锻炼是非常重要的。

     3.多吃水果和蔬菜,禁止吃垃圾食品(junk food)。

     4.学习之余听听音乐可以减轻压力。

     5.尽可能地微笑,它会帮助你快乐、忘记烦恼。

Dear Linda :

    If you  want to be healthy and happy,you need to have a healthy lifestyle. I have some advice for you and I hope you will follow all of it.

                               __   _________________________      _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

参考答案

 

第一部分 听力

1-5 ABACB      6-10 CBABA      11-15 BAABA     16-20 CACBB

第二部分 英语知识运用

第一节 单项填空

21-25 CCACC   26-30 ADCAC   31-35 BBABB  

21. stand “忍受”,其后+doing.

22.此题考查 prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. “宁愿做……而不愿做……”。只是此题将后半句rather than do sth. 提到了句首而已。

23.此句意为“退休后罗杰曾从事过一段绘画,但很快失去了兴趣。”“从事……”用“take up”,故选A。save up储蓄,存钱;keep up不停止,保持;draw up起草,拟订;

24.while表示对比“而,然而”。

25. 考查“be + the + 序数词+名词+to do sth. 第几个……做某事”这一句型,意为:“最后一个到的付账。”

26.此句意为“农民因为洪水遭受很大损失”。而“因……遭受损失”用“suffer from…”,故选A。

27.此句意为“飓风毁坏了许多房屋和商业建筑,此外,还造成20人死亡”。“除……之外还有……”用besides,故选D。

28.get hurt“受伤”。此题考查get + v-ed表被动这一结构。

29.表示“抱怨……”用“complain about…”

30.so that “以便于……”,表目的。“约翰把每个人都关在厨房外面以便它为晚上的聚会准备一份巨大的惊喜。”

31.数词和hour, day,year 等用-连接构成合成形容词时,hour, day,year 等后面不加-s,用单数,即two-hour, three-day, ten-year-old……。trip可数名词,前面当然加冠词a。

32.“for fun”为了娱乐,固定结构。

33. catch sb. doing sth. “当场捉住某人在做某事”,用现在分词做并宾语补足语。该句意为“这个小孩在商店被当场捉住偷东西”,故用be caught stealing, 选A。

34. think of … as …“认为……是……,把……当作……”。

35. 这是一组情景对话。第一个人问:“你还在忙么?”第二个人回答:“是的。我马上就做完了,不会很长时间。” 由it won’t take long推出这里表示“不久的将来或马上就要发生的事情”,而现在进行时可以表示“马上就要发生的事情”,故选B。类似的还有:I’m coming!我马上就来!

第二节 完形填空

36—40  CBACC          41—45   BABDC

46—50  DBCAD          51—55   BAACA

36.a sense of direction, “方向感”。根据文意及文中数次出现“a sense of direction”。

37.why为什么。根据上下文可知此句话意为:“为什么有的人在撒哈拉沙漠中没有地图也可以找到路而另一些人过一条街就会迷路呢?”

38. 迷路用lose oneself,故选A。

39. be born with “与生俱来,天生就有”。

40. 该句意为“但是却不一定都理解方向感是如何发挥作用的。”句意转折用but。 however表示转折,前后均需要用逗号。

41. 该句意为“方向感很好的人曾经努力开发过他们的方向感。” develop,“开发,发展”

42. carry out “实施,实行,进行”,该句意为“正在利物浦大学进行的调查”,carry out与research之间为被动关系。

43. 该句意为“正在利物浦大学进行的调查支持这一观点”。support  vt.“支持”;agree  vi. “同意”; ignore vt.“忽视,忽略”; celebrate vt.“庆祝”.

44. 该句意为:“七岁的孩子有能力找到周围的路。” around  adv.  在周围,侧重四面八方的环形辐射; nearby  adv. 在附近,侧重某一方向的线性辐射。away,“离开,远离”;

across “穿过”。故选D。

45.该句意为“如果你不允许他们单独外出你去每一个地方都用车载着他们,那么他们将永远无法开发他们的这种技能(方向感)”。故用C if。

46.见45解析。

47. 该句意为“应该教年轻人一些可以提高他们方向感的技能。” program “节目”;

Skill “技能”; reason “原因”; advice “建议”,不可数名词。

48. 根据文意应该是“地图”,故用map。

49. 地图与你所在的道路相关。relate to “与……有关系/有关”。

50. 该句意为“把你的自行车放到某些物体旁边,比如说一块大石头或一棵树。”表示“某些物体”要用不定代词something; 

51.去的时候注意沿途的路标,当然是为了回来时沿原路返回了(go back along the same way)。

52. guide“引导,指引”使用街道之类的线条去引导你将辨认方向简单化。

53. count  vt.“数一数”

54. so that “以便”。该句意为“数一数你走了多少步以便知道你走了多远”

55. again“又一次,再一次”。该句意为“现在你再也不会迷路了”。

第三节 阅读理解

56-60  BDADC    61-65  BADBC    66-70 DCCAC     71-75  CDBBA

56. 细节判断题。由文章第一句“In 1620, about half the USA was covered by forests.”可知选B。

57. 细节判断题。由“Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone with them, leaving only sand.”可知。

58. 细节判断题。由“The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long,”可知。

59. 细节判断题。由“Trees must be grown all over the world.”可知。

60. 细节判断题。由“Great Green Walls will make the world better.”可知。

61. 细节判断题。由Paul answered,“Yes,my brother gave it to me for Christmas.” The boy was surprised.“You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you nothing?Boy,I wish…”可知。

62. 细节判断题。 根据But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly. 和 “I wish,” the boy went on,“that I could be a brother like that.”可知。

63. 细节判断题。根据He wanted to show his neighbours that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again.和And some day I'm going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I've been trying to tell you about.可知。

64. 细节判断题。由根据整个故事尤其是“There she is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it…then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas windows that I've been trying to tell you about.” 可知。

65. 文章主旨判断题。 “A Brother Like That”是一条线索,可以串联起整个故事:我的哥哥送给我一辆车作为圣诞礼物,街上一个顽童知道了,希望自己将来可以做一个像我哥哥那样的哥哥,也送辆车给他残疾的弟弟,好让他能够在圣诞节是亲自去看看橱窗里的漂亮东西。

66. 词义推断题。从“the night sky” In fact, some astronomers(从事astronomy工作的人) have made great discoveries just with their eyes or binoculars(双筒望远镜).用eyes or binoculars眼睛或双筒望远镜在夜里工作取得巨大成就的人是astronomers(天文学家),而他们从事的工作自然是astronomy (天文学)了,故选D。

67. 词义推断题。“最初接触天文学的人可能会…买望远镜直到他们已经通过双筒望远镜观看到太空以后。” 最初接触某样东西,因为不了解,不知它的好处,当然不会去买了。故选C“避免”。

68. 细节判断题。由With a telescope, not only are the pictures upside down, but they are usually greatly magnified(放大): much bigger than the normal size.可知选C。

69. 细节判断题。由In our solar system alone, binoculars can show craters(坑,环形山) on the Moon, the rings of Saturn, states of Venus, four bright moons of Jupiter, all the planets except Pluto, small planets, and comets with tails.可知选A。

70. 文章主旨判断题。本文的中心意思在鼓励人们通过望远镜观看太空,即Watching the sky through binoculars。选C

71. 细节判断题。由He inherited(继承)  a million dollars when he was 23,but he wasn’t happy at all.When his college friends were looking for their jobs,he didn’t have to.可知选C。

72. 细节判断题。由Up to now Jack has helped some children from poor countries all over the world可知。

73. 细节判断题。由Jack receives a report each year on the children’s progress(进步).They can write to each other.but usually the children do not speak English.可知选B。

74. 词义推断题。由全文及And I saw that the money was used for a good cause.可知杰克资助贫困地区孩子上学是在“行善”,故选B。

75. 文章主旨判断题。本文主要讲述了杰克原来继承了一大笔遗产却不快乐,后来他把钱捐出去资助贫困地区孩子上学却因此得到了快乐这样一个故事,故A可以概括全文,选A。

第三部分  非选择题

第一节 阅读表达

76. 答案:If this is the case, it’s only because we haven’t developed an appropriate discrimination in dealing with it.

解析:该题为同意句替换题,细读所给句子,不难得出其意义“这些令人恼火的情况之所以存在,是因为我们没有对电子邮件进行分类的能力”。然后对照原文,就很容易找到其同意句了。

77. 答案:E-mail(s) can be handled in the following ways. / Here are the ways to deal with e-mail(s). / handling e-mail(s) is an art. 

解析:该题为填空题。做该类题目首先要根据上下文搞清楚所填内容是句子还是短语或单词。从该题要求来看我们可以知道此处要填入合适的句子。联系上下文可知,下文所列三条都是处理电子邮件的方法,那就不难知道,此处所填句子内容应该是一个概括性较强的topic sentence,这样我们就不难知道该填什么内容了。

78. 答案:You may reply to a long e-mail briefly./ You don’t have to write a long reply e-mail. 

解析:该题为封闭性问题,要求答出最后一段所给的建议。做这种类型的题目时,首先要读懂该段要告诉读者的是什么信息,然后根据要求进行总结,因为有字数限制,所以答题时要特别注意如何用词和如何组织语言。从最后一段的第一句我们就可以知道这条建议是告诉读者“在回复e-mail时,不必和对方来信的长度一样”。其实这句话就是该问题的答案,但是由于有字数限定,我们就必须改变一下说法,使答案的字数控制在10个单词以内,这样就可以避免学生照抄原文,从而达到考察学生灵活运用语言能力的目的。

79. 答案:To show a way of handling e-mail(s) with an example. / To introduce the topic of the text. 

解析:该题属于其他类型的题目,要求考生写出作者在第一段中提到他美国朋友的写作意图。纵观全文不难知道,该短文的主旨是向读者介绍处理电子邮件的方法。而作者在第一段引用他美国朋友处理邮件的方法做为例子,目的正是为了揭示文章主题。

80. 答案:用简短的话回复冗长的邮件完全不失礼节。/ 用简短的话回复马拉松式的电子邮件也是礼貌的。

解析:该题为句子翻译题。做该题时应先分析句子成分,搞清每个意群的含义,然后结合上下文以及文章的中心思想,调整成符合汉语表达习惯的通顺的汉语句子。翻译该句,关键是搞清处两个短语的含义,一个是within the bound of (在…范围内), 另一个是in responding to (作答,回复)。

第二节 写作

One possible version:

 Dear Linda:

     If you want to be healthy and happy,you need to have a healthy lifestyle. I have some advice for you and I hope you will follow all of it. As a young student , you need to get enough sleep , so you need to try to go to bed earlier every night. You should try to sleep for at least 8 hours every day .That will help you be active and energetic for your day at school . Doing more exercise is also very important ,and you should remember to eat more vegetables and fruits. You mustn’t eat junk food . It can reduce your stress to listen to music sometimes after studying . Often smiling as often as possible can help you stay happy and forget your troubles .                   

 

 

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