高二英语上 unit9 wheels

来源:英语辅导 作者:高中辅导 时间:2019-02-16 08:29 点击:

  

 

Ⅰ.核心必记单词

1.actually adv.实际地,真实地→actual adj.实际的,真实的

2.benefit vi.& n.得益;好处→beneficial adj.有益的,有利的

3.convenient adj.方便的,便利的→convenience n.方便,便利

4.hopeful adj.(人)抱有希望的→hope n.希望;期望;vt.& vi.希望;期待

5.gentle adj.和善的,温和的→gently adv.和善地,温和地

6.timetable n.时间表

7.impression n.印象,感觉→impress vt.给某人深刻印象,使铭记→impressive adj.令人印象深刻的,感人的

8.appreciate vt.感谢;欣赏→appreciation n.感激;评价

9.physical adj.身体的;物质的→physicist n.物理学家→physics n.物理学

10.figure n.数字,数目;人物;体形;雕像

11.admit vt.承认,供认→admission n.承认;进入许可,入场许可;入场(入学、入会)费

12.somehow adv.以某种方式

13.suit vt.适合→suitable adj.适合的

14.damage vt.& n.损害,损失

Ⅱ.阅读识记单词

15.therefore adv.所以,因此

16.neighbourhood n.街坊;邻近地区→neighbour n.邻居

17.wherever conj.无论在何处,无论到哪里

18.thief n.贼,小偷

19.insert vt.插入,嵌入

20.indeed adv.当然,确实

21.consequence n.后果,结果→consequent adj.随之而发生的;必然的;合乎逻辑的

22.arrest vt.逮捕,拘留

23.argue vi.争辩,争吵→argument n.争论,辩论;论据,理由

24.sensitive adj.善解人意的;敏感的→sense n.感觉;意义

25.fierce adj.凶狠的,凶恶的

26.vocabulary n.词汇(量)

27.schedule n.时间表;进度表

28.foolish adj.愚蠢的

29.responsibility n.责任,负责,职责→responsible adj.负责的

30.content n.容纳的东西;目录

31.sunlight n.阳光,日光

32.reliable adj.可靠的→rely vi.依靠,依赖

33.construction n.建筑;建筑物→construct v.建造,建设

34.amount n.数量

35.addicted adj.沉溺于……的→addict n.对……入迷的人;瘾君子→addiction n.瘾;嗜好→addictive adj.使人上瘾的

36.occupy vt.占用(空间、面积、时间等)→occupied adj.使用中的;有人使用(或居住)的→occupation n.职业

37.whichever pron.无论哪个

38.frequent adj.时常发生的→frequently adv.频繁地,时常

39.fare n.票价,车费

语境活用 [用所给词的正确形式填空]

1.You should eat more fruit,for it’s a convenient(convenience) source of vitamins and energy.

2.“Is there any food left over?” he asked hopefully (hopeful).

3.The man has been addicted to smoking for many years,but he is now fighting his addiction to it.(addict)

4.“Honey,your basket is extra­special,” Mom said,gently(gentle) wiping away my hot tears.(2016·浙江)

5.He left a deep impression(impress) on me and gave me the inspiration to pick up my pen again.(2015·江苏)

6.I would like to invite you to join,since you are good at table tennis,and you are the most suitable(suit) person.(2017·全国Ⅲ)

7.Everyone enjoys the life­saving benefits(benefit) vaccines(疫苗) provide,but they’ll exist only as long as everyone shares in the risks.(2017·北京)

8.I have my doubts that anyone has actually(actual) followed the procedures strictly.(2017·天津)

9.That young man is honest,cooperative,always there when you need his help.In short,he’s reliable(rely).(2016·浙江)

10.The more frequently(frequent) mothers had called to their eggs,the more similar were the babies’ begging calls.

11.The whole construction(construct) of our society depends on mutual(相互的) trust,not distrust.

12.I have grown not only physically(physics),but also mentally in the past few years.

(2017·全国Ⅲ)

 

1.fed up不愉快的,厌烦的

2.thanks to 由于,因为

3.work out锻炼身体,做运动

4.be in touch with和……有联系

5.rely on/upon依靠,依赖

6.go through通过,经过

7.pull up(车辆)停止,停车

8.pull out(火车)驶离车站,出站;拔出

9.so far迄今为止

10.take place发生;举行

11.go up上升

12.be related to与……有关

13.be addicted to对……上瘾;沉溺于

14.on average平均;通常

15.in conclusion总之,最后

 

 

语境活用 [选用上述黑体短语的正确形式填空]

1.Those who you can rely on/upon at any time are true friends,and they will always stand by you no matter what happens.

2.With the prices of many goods going up,many families live a hard life.

3.Mary told me straight out that she was fed up and wanted to leave.

4.Last October,while tending her garden in Mora,Sweden,Lena Pahlsson pulled out a handful of small carrots.(2017·浙江)

5.It’s been a good game so far but it would be nice to see a few more goals.

6.Thanks to his effort,it is more successful than we have expected.

7.The processes take place to stop our brains becoming loaded with memories.(2017·北京)

8.I myself went through this searching process and found something that has changed my experience at college for the better.(2017·全国Ⅰ)

 

考试专题训练:听力1

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分;满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给出的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman mean?

    A. The man has to catch the early train.

  B. The man has made a good impression on her family.

    C. The man can dress casually for the occasion.

2. Where does the conversation probably take place?

    A. In a school.      B. In a hospital.    C. In a restaurant

3. What will the man drink at last?

    A. Water        B. Tea    C. Beer

4. What are the speakers doing?

    A. Surfing the Internet.     B. Learning to drive     C. Doing an experiment

5. What’s the name of the book?

    A. Our cities     B.  A Tale of Two Cities   C. My Twenties

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分;满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给出的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. When will the man go on holiday?

    A. In winter      B. In summer      C. In spring

7. Where is the man going?

    A. Austria      B. Italy      C. Switzerland

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Why does the man choose to bike to work?

    A. He wants to do his part for the environment.

    B. He has no train to take near his home.

    C. He works in a park near his home.

9. How long does it take the woman to go to work?

    A. Half an hour     B. An hour     C. Two hours

听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。

10. Where does Mary come from?

    A. A small town     B. Manchester      C. London

11. What does Mary think of the underground in London?

    A. The quickest way, but it’s also the dearest.

    B. The quickest way, but it’s also the cheapest.

    C. Just the dearest.

12. What is the cheapest way according to the dialogue?

    A. By bus     B. By train      C. By underground

听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。

13. What are the speakers discussing?

    A. A television programme      B. The preparation for a test

    C. Their close friends

14. Why is the man watching TV?

    A. He is taking a break.         B. He has already finished studying.

    C. He wants to get information for a paper.

15. Who did the best in the last test?

    A. The woman speaker      B.  Kevin        C. Elizabeth

16. Why does the man stop the woman calling Elizabeth?

    A. He prefers to study on his own.            B. He doesn’t think she is helpful.

    C. He doesn’t want to trouble her.

听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。

17. What were first few months of your life mainly?

    A. Unusual        B. Asleep      C. Awake

18. What is the secret of language?

    A. A certain sound is for a certain thing.

    B. There is a special sound for each person.

    C. People can understand each other.

19. When could you learn words?

    A. When you were a baby.

    B. Before you knew what the language was.

    C. After you knew the secret of the language.

20. Why do people use language?

    A. To listen     B. To communicate     C. To play

 

 

头脑风暴:短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之问交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;[来源:gkstk.Com]

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

 

 

安徽六校联考38

Tom and Dick are next door neighbor who both work in same office. They often walk together to and from work. Once they were walking to home together while it suddenly started to rain. Tom quickly opened his umbrella and said proud, "My wife really has great foresight. She said this morning it would rain and tell me to carry my umbrella. "Dick smiled and walked up to her under the protection of the umbrella, said, "Mine has even great foresight. She didn't let me carry one as she knew you'd share yours to me."

 

 

 

 

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 1 括号中间词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。

There was once a clever but mean (吝啬的) businessman. One day he lost a bag _31________ (contain) a hundred pieces of gold. He was very _32________ (happy) and so put up posters all over town, offering ten gold coins as a reward to anyone _33________ would return it to him.

_34________ a few days, a farmer came to him with the bag. He had found _35________ lying in his farm. The businessman counted the 100 gold coins and thanked the farmer for returning _36________ bag to him.

The farmer now wanted the reward _37________ (promise) by the businessman. But the businessman said that he had already taken the reward, because originally there were a hundred and ten coins in the bag. The farmer now understood _38________ mean the businessman was. He therefore _39________ (go) to the judge.

The judge at once understood that the businessman was dishonest. He said that _40________ the found bag contained only one hundred coins, it wasn’t the businessman’s and it belonged to the farmer now.

 

   查缺补漏

第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~30 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。

St. Petersburg is a great city to visit all year round. But it is ___16___ beautiful in the summer when you can walk all night long, because, although the sun ___17___, it never gets dark. It’s a city that couldn’t be more ___18___ from Moscow.

St. Petersburg was originally built as a ___19___ city, modeled on French and German cities, the opposite of Moscow which followed the ___20___ Russian design. Differences can be seen in the architecture, fashion and even___21___. In the 18th century, French was more ___22___ than Russian among rich people in St. Petersburg and many French words are still used by locals today. Just as was ___23___ by the city’s original designers, St. Petersburg is Russia’s window to Europe. Life in Moscow is ___24___ than life in the more relaxed St. Petersburg. In Petersburg you never need to ___25___. It’s much smaller than Moscow so people like walking everywhere, even during the ___26___ dark winter.

People in St. Petersburg are more ___27___ than Moscow locals too. There is an old joke about this difference. One day, a young man ___28___ his seat to an old lady on a crowed Moscow train. The old lady said, “You must be from St. Petersburg.” “Yes. How did you know?” replied the man ___29___. The old lady said, “Moscow locals never give their seats.” The young man then said with a ___30___. “And you must be from Moscow, granny, because you didn’t say thanks when I gave your my seat.”

16. A finally        B naturally    C especially     D immediately

17. A sets          B climbs      C moves        D appears

18. A distant        B absent      C separate       D different

19. A typical        B European   C Asian         D northern

20. A traditional      B logical     C hopeful       D worthy

21. A music         B art         C language      D history

22. A popular        B famous     C interesting     D beautiful

23. A forgotten       B supported   C invented       D planned

24. A happier        B faster       C slower        D colder

25. A work          B walk       C think         D hurry

26. A long           B warm      C colorful      D exciting

27. A hardworking     B devoted    C brave       D polite

28. A sent            B offered     C led         D allowed

29. A in silence        B in anger    C in surprise   D in hope

30. A cry             B shout      C smile       D look

 

 

 

 

III 阅读理解(共一节,20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 项中选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Zheng Taijun, a 30-year-old artist from Guangdong Province, transforms simple falling leaves into works of art by cutting pictures of people and scenes into them.

“Falling leaves are often a sign of sadness or death, but I want to recreate them into something hopeful—the beginning of something new,” said Zheng.

The idea of carving leaves came to Zheng when he was at a low point in life. In the autumn of 1999, he had travelled to a tourist spot to try and sell some of his paintings, when he was robbed of everything he had.

With no money to return home, the heart-broken artist sheltered from the rain under a tree.An old man approached him and asked what was wrong. On hearing Zheng?s reply that he felt life had no more meaning, the old man started to laugh. He picked up a leaf and said, “It all depends on how you look at it.Take this yellow leaf for example. Some may see death, others may see beauty.”

Zheng chose beauty and he spent the next few years perfecting his carving skills and travelling the country looking for ideas.

In his technique — which Zheng successfully patented (申请专利) last year —leaves are kept slightly wet in water. He makes a simple outline on the leaf. Then comes the most difficult part——using tinny knives, Zheng gently cuts away enough of the “flesh” of the leaf to leave behind an image.

Each leaf may take up to seven days to make, and Zheng says he often breaks a few for every successfully completed work. But he also says that?s the real charm of it—to challenge himself.

 

41. In which section of a newspaper will you most probably read this article?

   A. Art     B. News      C. Technology     D. Opinion

42. What do falling leaves represent according to Zheng?

   A. The end of life          B. A news starting point

   C. Success after struggle     D. Unhappy experiences  

43. The underlined word “it” in paragraph 4 refers to ______.

   A. The leaf      B. life      C. meaning     D. death

44. In what order did the following events happen to Zheng Taijun?

  a. He went to a tourist spot to sell his paintings. b. He met and talked with an old man.

  c. he patented his cutting technique. d. he was robbed of all his money.

  e. he travelled the country looking for ideas.

  A. d, b, e, a, c    B. a, c, d, b, e    C. d, b, e, c, a    D. a, d, b, e, c

 

B

Of all the contrasts in cultures between the West and China, surely what we eat has to be one of the biggest. It’s not so much that we eat different things, but more that we eat different parts of the same things.

Take chicken for example. Chicken feet are much prized over in China, and once these are finished, the hungry Chinese will move on to the wings and then legs, and maybe then the breast meat. In the West, the order would be exactly the opposite, except that we would never get as far as the feet, as people find the thought of it quite strange.

The same can be said for pork. The Chinese consider the feet to be delicious, but in the West, things are very different. I live on a small Scottish island with my Chinese wife, and our local butcher used to throw out his pig feet, until one day my wife mentioned she would like them. She now gets a bag full every week, and smiles all the way home about the fact that she’s got what she considers the best part for free.

Whenever we go to the supermarket my wife is amazed that the meat without bones and fat is the most expensive. I explain that this is because western people don’t see the purpose of paying for something they can’t eat. But for her, these parts are the most delicious and she loves them. And happily for my wife, such bony and fat meat is also the cheapest. That’s why dinner at our houses is a perfect match. There’s never any argument over who gets what, and nothing goes to waste.

There are also western foods the Chinese consider terrible. Take blue cheese for example, which is very popular in many western countries, but which some people think smells like rotten eggs. When my wife first saw this in the UK, she felt sick at its smell, but finally I persuade her to try it and now she loves it.

It’s these culture differences that make the world so full of fun.

 

45. What’s the purpose of this passage?

   A. To share the author’s marriage experiences with the readers.

   B. To prove that east-west marriage is the best.

   C. To argue that eating habits can never be changed.

   D. To discuss the cultural differences in eating habits.

46. According to the passage, in what order do westerners prefer to eat chicken?

   A. Breast—legs—wings B. Legs—wings—feet

   C. Breast—wings—legs D. Wings—legs—breast

47. According to the passage, the author’s wife ______.

   A. sometimes argues with the author about what to cook

   B. believes meat with fat should be the cheapest

   C. gets pig’s feet for a very low price

    D. is used to eating blue cheese now

48. The author thinks the events mentioned are very ______.

    A. interesting    B. strange    C. annoying    D. boring

 

E

Xin Hua Cinema – Now showing

Dolphin Tale — This movie is based on the amazing true story of a brave dolphin and a group of strangers who work together to save her life. She is recued and transported to the Animal Hospital, but her fight for survival has just begun. Suitable for people of all ages.

Times: 10 am; 1pm; 5.30pm (Mon- Sun)

Super 8— In the summer of 1979, a group of friends in a small town witness a terrible train crash and soon relies that it is not an accident. Shortly after that, strange events begin to take place in town. A local policeman tries to uncover the truth and discovers something more terrifying than any of them could have imagined.

Times: 4pm; 8pm; 10.30pm (Mon-Fri)

Midnight in Paris — This romantic comedy set in Paris is about a family that goes there because, and 5 two young people who are engaged to be married. While there, they have experiences that change their lives. It’s about a young man’s great love for the city of Paris and its history.

Times: 9.30am; 3.30pm (Sat-Sun)

Cave of Forgotten Dreams — A documentary that follows a group of explorers in to an almost-unreachable cave in France. The cave is home to the most ancient paintings known to have been created by man. It’s an unforgettable experience that provides a unique view of artwork dating back to over 30,000 years ago.

Times: 11.20am; 6.30pm (Sun)

Abduction — An action movie about a young man who sets out to uncover the truth about his life after finding his baby photo on a missing person’s website. Suddenly he realizes that his parents are not his own and his life is a lie to hide something more mysterious and dangerous than he could have ever imagined.

Times: 1pm; 5.30pm; 7.30pm; 10pm (Mon-Sun)

57. Which movie is most suitable for a child?

  A. Dolphin Tale    B. Super 8     C. Midnight in Paris    D. Abduction

58. How many of the movies are shown every day of the week?

 A. One   B. Two    C. Three    D. Four

59. Which of the following best describes Super 8?

  A. Amusing     B. Creative    C. Exciting    D. romantic

60. What is the film Cave of Forgotten Dreams Mainly about?

  A. Life in the ancient times           B. A journey into a popular cave

  C. The oldest artwork known to exist    D. The bravery of a group of explorers.

 

 

听力:CCBAB   CBACA    AABAC    CBACB

 

 

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