高二下册英语期末考试预测卷+答案解析,考前必须测一测!

来源:高二英语期末试卷 作者:高二英语期末试卷 时间:2019-01-30 09:50 点击:

高二英语期末试卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 略

第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 

第一节: 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 

请阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上 

21.With the number of migrants rising sharply, Europe’s leaders have struggled to find solution that can ______ both domestic political pressures and their legal and moral duties to shelter those migrants. 

A. influence B. guarantee

C. accommodate D. convince 

22. Nowadays Chinese pedestrians feel caught between morality and trick: should they help an elderly person who ______ into the street?

A. has fallen B. is falling

C. had fallen D. was falling 

23. ______ in the valley of the mountains is the tomb of King Tutankhamun, which Howard Carter came across in 1922. 

A. Locating B. Being located

C. Buried D. Being buried 

24. We stayed a week in Paris. It is a pity we can’t speak French; otherwise we ______ our visit to the romantic city much more. 

A. would enjoy B. enjoyed

C. had enjoyed D. would have enjoyed 

25. Some teenagers never take entrance exams seriously; they simply leave ______, to a large extent, could be life’s most important event------admission to universities almost entirely up to luck. 

A. as B. that

C. which D. what 

26. It’s required that under no circumstances ________ betray ourselves even if there are temptations like money or beauty. 

A. we will B. will we

C. should we D. we shall 

27. ----Had we been more careful, the car crash could not have happened. ----But you ______. 

A. didn’t B. hadn’t

C. couldn’t D. weren’t 

28. ------How about your new business?

-----We’re drawing up our plans ______ experiences of other factories. 

A. in the charge of 

B. in the light of

C. in the event of

D. in the name of

29. Do you believe that ______ economic development and pollution are beyond control, it can be concluded that the latter is purely due to the former? 

A. where B. even though

C. unless D. while 

30. -----Morning, Madam, can I help you? 

-----Yes, I’m looking for a plain handbag------nothing _______. Do you have any suggestions?

A. authentic B. ordinary

C. fragile D. fancy 

31. Jack, to his ______, refused to get involved although his friends insisted on his trying the drug. 

A. preference B. surprise

C. credit D. opinion. 

32. The country’s bad security situation doesn’t seem to be ______ tourists who still flood in. 

A. putting away

B. putting on

C. putting down

D. putting off 

33. Drugs like upper may increase the heart rate of users and create an artificial sense of pleasure, but they can unconsciously suck life right out of a person______. 

A. either B. regardless

C. meanwhile D. therefore 

34. We should realize the fact that when you graduate from university, you are still not prepared for the possible situations ______ we may face in the working world.

A. where B. when

C. that D. what 

35. -----My goodness, the lawn looks dead! 

-----________. There’s no rain and water is so precious. 

A. It can’t be helped

B. It beats me

C. It’s on me

D. It’s out of the question 

第二节: 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 2 0 分) 

请阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

My first salary was $2,500. It was last year and my father was the first one to congratulate me.

He ---36--- described, “No matter how much or how little, it is important to use your money wisely. The ---37--- you earn does not matter but the hard work ---38--- it matters. A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his ---39---.” 

When I used to be sad, I would ask my father, “If there are so many stars in the universe, why is the sky ---40--- at night?” 

My father used to ---41--- explain to me that stars are scattered in disorder in the sky and if they came ---42---, it would be like day. They are scattered to give us the advantage over light so that we can ---43--- in the night. There is a reason for every act of ----44--- to give us its best. 

I lived my childhood following my father’s ---45---. But then there are other instances where you can really feel that it is ---46---. There are certain things that go ---47--- “law of nature”. Nature plays no role in their existence. 

Most of the time, we judge people by their ---48--- or by their habits. Our way to judge conceives into a(an) ---49--- about them that we carry like a baggage, in all your meetings with them. In short, we develop preconceived concepts about someone’s ---50--- personally. This certainly ---51--- from law of nature or gift of nature to us. 

Nature is all about “---52---“ and “loving”. Nature gives us a reason to understand humanity by asking and ---53--- rather than judging. But how often do we remember all this when we judge someone wearing unpolished shoes to an office? We might ---54--- to ask as it is like an intrusion to someone’s life we judge and form an ---55--- without delay. It is easier to judge than to acknowledge someone’s journey of life. 

36. A. subjectively

B. casually

C. inspiringly

D. optimistically 

37. A. award

B. amount

C. trust

D. reputation 

38. A. on

B. with

C. behind

D. through 

39. A. knowledge

B. interest

C. friends

D. deeds 

40. A. unattractive

B. peaceful

C. dark

D. dull 

41. A. partly

B. ambiguously

C. humorously

D. patiently 

42. A. together

B. close

C. forward

D. down 

43. A. hide

B. sleep

C. travel

D. see 

44. A. ours

B. astronomers

C. faith

D. nature 

45. A. patterns

B. tracks

C. teachings

D. instructions 

46. A. untrue

B. unbearable

C. unfair

D. uncertain 

47. A. beyond

B. against

C. off

D. within 

48. A. beliefs

B. accents

C. achievements

D. appearances 

49. A. description

B. conclusion

C. analysis

D. assumption 

50. A. personality

B. experience

C. development

D. competence 

51. A. evolves

B. results

C. benefits

D. differs 

52. A. sharing

B. adjusting

C. creating

D. cheating 

53. A. answering

B. helping

C. competing

D. learning 

54. A. prefer

B. manage

C. hesitate

D. regret 

55. A. opinion

B. argument

C. excuse

D. error

第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 

请阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

A 

Day Trips from Sydney: A Short Tour of the Blue Mountain 

Here is a suggested short tour of the Blue Mountains that you can easily follow in a day from your base in Sydney. 

From the center of Sydney, head towards Parramatta and join the M4 highway at Stratified. After you leave the highway at Lapstone, you will drive through a series of small towns. 

Stop at Subline Point, near the town of Leura. 

There is short, step climb down to the lookout point. You need to walk carefully, as there is just enough space for two people to pass on the uneven steps that border a very sharp drop down the mountain. 

When you reach the lookout at Subline Point, you are rewarded for the somewhat scary walk by the most wonderful, breathtaking panoramic view of the mountain. 

The Three Sisters at Echo Point, near the town of Katoomba. 

Take a ride on the aerial cable car for a more close-up view of the Three Sisters and to appreciate just how steep the mountains are. You can also experience the world’s steepest railway incline by taking the scenic railway. 

Visit Katoomba Waterfall. 

Katoomba is a good place to stop for lunch, with cafes and restaurants in its long main street.

On the outskirts of Katoomba, visit Katoomba Falls where a waterfall cascades down the steep, tree-covered mountain. The Katoomba Falls Kiosk is a good place to sit on a sofa and relax with a cup of coffee. 

Outside Blackheath, head for Hargraves Lookout. 

Hargraves Lookout is a good place to visit because there are very few tourists. There are no steep drops on the way, although there is a walk from the lower lookout point into the bush that looks very steep . 

Once you have visited Hargraces Lookout, you could head back to Sydney. 

56. Which of the following can best describe your journey to Subline Point?

A. No root, no fruit

B. High risk, high reward

C. Easy come, easy go.

D. First come, first served

57. Which is the quietest and easiest scenic spot for visitors? 

A. Subline Point

B. The Three Sisters

C. Katoomba Waterfall

D. Hargraves Lookout 

B 

Vaccines are substances that help the body fight off diseases and illnesses. In the past they have helped save millions of lives around the world. 

Diseases are often caused by bacteria or viruses that attack the human body. A vaccine is a dead or very weak form of such a virus. When you get a vaccination from your doctor the body it gets used to these weaker viruses and can produce antibodies which stay active for a long time. When the real virus or bacteria attack, the body becomes immune and can defend itself. 

People can get their vaccinations in many forms. Very often the vaccine is injected into your body, but vaccines are also taken by mouth or are breathed in. 

Although many vaccines protect you throughout your life, some provide immunity for only a certain time. Vaccines against the flu must be administered every year, because the flu virus can change or may appear in a different form. 

Most people already have a certain amount of immunity in their bodies. It is passed to them from their mother. However, these antibodies do not protect a baby for a long time, so that many vaccines are given to infants in their first years.

Some illnesses only occur in certain areas. If you travel, for example, to tropical regions, you should get vaccines to protect you from yellow fever, malaria or hepatitis. 

Vaccines have virtually put an end to many diseases. Smallpox, for example, was once one of the world’s most serious diseases, which killed millions every year. By the end of the 1970s smallpox had disappeared completely because nearly everyone was vaccinated. 

The first vaccines were created towards the end of the 18th century. An English scientist, Edward Jenner, carried out experiments with cowpox, a milder form of smallpox. He found out that people who got cowpox rarely got ill from smallpox. In France, Louis Pasteur developed a weak form of rabies to protect people from dog bites. In the 20th century polio has been wiped out completely. 

Today there are vaccines for many illnesses. The most common are the flu, cholera, the plague , hepatitis. 

Although vaccination is widely available and a part of the regular health program in almost all industrial countries, there are still countries, especially in the Third World where people die of serious diseases. About three million children each year are killed by diseases that could have been prevented. In developing countries almost two thirds of all children are not vaccinated. The World Health Organization is fighting to provide vaccines for these children. 

58. Which paragraph of the passage gives the principle of vaccines? 

A. Paragraph 1

B. Paragraph 2

C. Paragraph 3

D. Paragraph 4 

59. Which is true according to the passage? 

A. One should receive all kinds of vaccines to stay fully healthy.

B. Those who have got smallpox will never suffer from cowpox.

C. Everyone all over the world can benefit greatly from vaccines.

D. People have become free from some illnesses due to vaccines. 

60. Which of the following would be the proper title for the passage? 

A. Some Diseases Have Disappeared

B. Vaccines Protect Us from Diseases

C. You Should Develop Your Immunity

D. Poor Children Are in Need of Vaccines 

C 

Books were the primary source of intellectual entertainment just a hundreds years ago, but it is a disappointment that people read less often in these days of widespread technological reliance. However, I believe that books are an irreplaceable part of our lives, and the role that good books play in the personal growth and development of a particular person throughout one’s life is a remarkable one.

Books expand our knowledge and conception of the world around us. One may argue that films and TV documentaries do that too, but I believe that books are a much better alternative, since they allow each reader to experience the same story using one’s own imagination. The experience achieved through reading is richer and more personal, since the same description and the same word choice will result in as many different interpretations as there are readers. We are all unique, and books allow us to experience whatever is written in the light of our own personal values, through our ideas and our imagination. 

In addition books enrich our vocabulary, introduce us to new concepts and offer a wider choice of words to us. Watching certain TV programs and documentary films can also widen one’s vocabulary, but hardly as effectively as books do, since reading operates with both more sophisticated visual and audio(if reading aloud) receptor. Moreover, our imagination reproduces mental picture of what we are reading about, so a new word automatically links to a certain image and a particular emotion that it relates to.

And also, books are a fantastic source of inspiration. Unlike fine art, architecture or travelling, books help us create our own mental illustration for what we read on paper. In a way, books make us all artists and creators of our own mental cartoons, movies or illustration collections. Every image we create ourselves is automatically given a certain emotion, whether a simple or a more complicated one. Every mental image that a written word projects is full of life and energy with emotions. This is what makes books powerful and memorable. Books are an endless source of inspiration and motivation to become a better person. 

I’m certain that creating a system of symbols and eventually an alphabet, words, and books was the greatest series of inventions of humankind. Good books do not have an experience date and will be priceless for any generation. They will continue sparking new ideas, inspiring new deeds and enriching the lives of every generation to come. I am positive that books will eventually regain their popularity with today’s youth, since books are those roots to which people will go back, in search of the motivation, inspiration and aspiration, to find the true meaning and value of life. 

61. The passage conveys to us the idea that _____. 

A. books are as important to us as the media 

B. good books can influence us significantly

C. what to read should be a crucial problem 

D. it’s good to make reading our daily routine 

62. It can be inferred from the passage that ____. 

A. people watch movies simply for pleasure

B. a good story gives all of you one feeling

C. the process of reading is that of thinking

D. every book should have its unique style 

63. It is implied in the passage that ____. 

A. television programs provide the viewers with a limited vocabulary

B. visual and audio receptors aren’t used together when we watch TV C. the context of a story makes it easy for us to understand new words

D. feelings are one of the factors that help us to understand new words 

64. According to the passage, ____. 

A. people do not read as many books as they used to

B. books contribute a lot to our becoming real artists

C. any books has its own value and will never die out

D. broad knowledge makes books widely influential 

D 

Living to Tell the Tale is the first book in a planned trilogy(三部曲) that will make up the memoirs(回忆录)of Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the famous Colombian writer who initially won public praise in the mid-1960s for his novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. At that time, Garcia Marquez, a journalist and writer had never sold more than 700 copies of a book. While driving his family through Mexico, he had a real brainstorm. He remembered his grandmother’s storytelling technique---to recall fantastic, improbable events as if they had actually happened---literally. He turned the car around and drove back home to begin One Hundred Years of Solitude in a new way. To my mind it is one of the 20th century’s best works of fiction, and won Garcia Marquez the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature. 

Living to Tell the Tale relates the early years of the author’s life, although some of the book’s most important incidents happened earlier than Garcia Marquez’s birth. The impact of these experiences, the people and their stories were to have a powerful effect on him, as a man and as a writer. This is the tale of his parents’ love , marriage and the birth of their children. It tells of his early years which were spent in Aracataca, in the home of his grandparents. His grandfather, Colonel Nicolas Ricardo Marquez Mejia, was a soldier of the Thousand Days’ War. He was supposedly a storyteller of great reputation. He told his young grandson that there was no greater burden than to have killed a man. Later Garcia Marquez would put these words into the mouths of his characters. His grandmother, Tranquilina Iguaran Cotes, also had a major influence on Garcia’s life. No matter how fantastic her statements were, she always delivered them as if they were the absolute truth. This was the style which was to affect Garcia Marquez’s fiction, sometimes called “magical realism”. The woman filled the house with stories of ghosts and future signs, all of which were ignored by her husband. He had little interest in “women’s beliefs”. 

In 1940, when he was 13, Garcia was awarded a scholarship to a secondary school for gifted students. It was during his school years, 1940s and 50s, that he was first drawn to poetry, a national obsession in Colombia. He and his friends, fellow students, would read aloud and discuss poetry late into the night. Too poor to buy his own books, Gabriel would read novels borrowed from friends. 

While still a boy, he decided he wanted to be a writer. The people who surrounded him in his childhood later became instrumental when developing the characters and the storylines for his novels. Love In the Time of Cholera was inspired by the romance between his mother and father. And his grandfather, who had twelve children (some say 16), became Colonel Aureliano Buendia in One Hundred Years of Solitude. 

Garcia Marquez began Living to Tell the Tale, however, not with his real birth in 1928, but with his “birth as a writer”, at age 22. he and his mother took a trip from Baranquilla, where he was working as a reporter, to his childhood home in Aracataca. They were going to sell the old house. Vivid memories were stirred up here, memories which electrified his imagination. This trip was to change the course of his writing life. 

Living to Tell the Tale is not a conventional literary memoir. It is a magical combination of memoir and national history written in the author’s remarkable voice. It is his personal mythology. In spite of poverty, Garcia Marquez acknowledged his early years were filled with joy, a sense of well-being and encouragement from many people. 

65. The storytelling technique of Marquez’s grandmother is mentioned to show that ______.

A. Marquez’s novel were mostly inspired by her stories

B. she had a major influence on Marquez’s writing style

C. she encouraged Marquez to create more fantastic stories

D. Marquez was taught to write by her when he was still a boy 

66. What did Marquez’s grandfather think of his grandmother’s stories? 

A. He enjoyed them.

B. He argued against them.

C. They were none of his concern.

D. They were in tune with his storytelling. 

67. What do we know about Colonel Aureliano Buendia?

A. He was one of Marquez’s schoolmates.

B. He once served in the army with Marquez’s grandfather. 

C. He appeared in a romantic novel inspired by Marquez’s parents.

D. He was a character of a novel based on Marquez’s grandfather. 

68. What can be learnt about Living to Tell the Tale? 

A. It’s a fiction based on the stories of Marquez’s childhood life.

B. It describes a boy who dreamed of becoming a writer.

C. It was inspired by a trip to Marquez’s hometown. 

D. It was written by Marquez at the age of 22. 

69. The passage is most probably taken from a _______. 

A. survey B. biography

C. moving story D. report 

70. What’s the author’s tone in writing the passage? 

A. Critical B. Casual

C. Admiring D. Humorous 

第Ⅱ卷(共35分) 

第四部分: 填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 

注意: 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 

71. The natives in America are believed by some scholars across the world ______(immigrate) from Eastern Asia tens of thousands of years ago. 

72. Beijing was under an orange smog alert on Feb. 24, which marks the first time that the second-highest warning level of a new system introduced last year ______( raise). 

73. ----she misunderstood your meaning and missed the chance. . 

----Yes, I intended _______( tell ) her the meaning of the gesture, but I had an unexpected telephone. 

74. The tourist attraction was terrible , and not at all what we ______(lead) to expect in the previous advertisement. 

75. Students in our school are preparing for the annual sports meeting to be held next week; I would rather it ______( not rain). 

76. The team, ______(attempt) to climb the world’s second tallest mountain twice, finally decided to give up. 

77. Difficult as the sales decline is _______ ( control ), we’re optimistic about an immediate improvement under the new regulating policy. 

78. The Shanghai Disneyland ______( open) soon, the authorities are struggling to devise some feasible measures to guarantee its operation. 

79. There will be no possibility of the government’s economic plan______ ( revise ) again before it is put into practice. 

80. ----Anything more to speak before the meeting is over? ----No more, but there is something more I stick to ______ (make) the concerned consumers comfortable with the our scheme. 

第五部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 

请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意: 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 每个空格只填一个单词。

Courage is the ability to control fear when facing danger, difficulty or pain in various situations in our life. In fact everyone needs courage to do something well. Courage may make you confident of your success so it is considered by many to be one of the most important human virtues. 

Learning how to gain courage doesn’t mean not being afraid. It means learning to do things despite your fear. Fear comes from the body’s natural response to the brain’s fight or flight response. Fearfulness is a learned behavior, based in our brain chemistry, but strengthened by the world around us that has trained us to be fearful. Learning to work through fear and step beyond it is about retraining your mind. 

Avoiding fears actually makes you feel more fearful. Theirs is a certain mindset in Western culture that views emotions as weakness and seeks to suppress them. But suppressing negative emotions only heightens the fear of the negative emotions itself, strengthening them the more they are avoided. 

Exposing yourself to things that you fear (while being sure to be smart about it) can help the brain become less sensitive to the fear and make it easier for you to face. 

The longer your brain has to come up with excuses for not having courage, the more time you will have to panic about assumed negative outcomes. If you are in a situation where you have to pick up a spider or jump out of an airplane, do it immediately if you’re going to do it at all. 

Reinforce your success by giving your self a reward when you do deal with your fear. This could be a physical treat, like a nice bottle of wine, or a mental treat, like taking a break from human interaction. 

高二下册英语期末考试预测卷+答案解析,考前必须测一测!

 

 

第六部分: 书面表达 (满分 15 分) 

91. 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。

During a recent Senior Three English lesson, the teacher caught Xiao Li, a female student, busily typing messages on her cell-phone. To the teacher’s surprise, Xiao Li wasn’t just texting her friends the latest gossip. She was actually blogging about what was being taught in the classroom, sharing her opinion about the information and material with her classmates and other students.

The case aroused a heated discussion among teachers and students city-wide. Miss Li, and English teacher from another nearby school said, “ I am amazed at how creative the students can be when writing about personal feelings and experiences.” But other teachers are worried that blog-addiction may interfere with their students’ study. 

A supporter and classmate of Xiao Li said, “ We love her blog! We all read it each dy and can’t wait to see what she writes about next. Her interesting stories and great suggestions on study really help to motivate us. And it adds a little fun to our stressful life.” Another student blogger admitted that he often works late into the night, writing his blog and responding to comments posted there. “ Sometimes I don’t even have time to finish my homework. I can’t help myself. I really have a lot to say.” 

 [写作内容] 

1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要; 

2. 用约 120 个单词就“中学生博客”的问题进行讨论,,内容包括: (1) 中学生博客的利和弊; (2) 你对中学生博客的态度 (3)关于此问题的建议。 [写作要求] 

1. 在作文中可以使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不能直接引用原文的句子; 

2. 阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和班级名称; 4. 不必写标题。 [评分标准] 

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

Keys

Choices:  21-35 CACDD CDBAD CDBCA

Cloze: 36-40 CBCDC 41-45 DABDC 46-50 ABDBA 51-55 DABCA Reading: 56-57 BD 58-60 BDB 61-64 BCDA 65-70 BCDCBC 

Filling blanks: 71. to have immigrated 72. has been raised 73. to have told 74. had been led 

75. didn’t rain 76. having attempted 77. to control 78. to be opened 79. being revised 80. to make 

Task reading:  81. brave/courageous 82. confidence 83. naturally 84. environment 85. greater/stronger 86. accustomed/used 87. hesitate 88. avoiding/ stopping 89. act 90. handling/ approaching/addressing 

Writing:

What happened in the class showed that blogging has become increasingly popular among middle school students. Some teachers and students view it as a great way to share ideas and motivate students, while others fear it will interfere with students’ study. 

There are arguments about student-blogging, so some are for it and some are against it. On the negative side, if students blog too frequently it may interfere with their study. And some people are afraid that some inappropriate topics may be discussed on the Internet. On the other hand, blogging allows students the chance to write about the things that are most important to them. Because they are interested in those topics, they will be more motivated to write, which helps practice their writing skills. It will also give he blog-readers the chance to practice their reading skills, too. Furthermore, blog-based discussions will help to develop students’ ability to think independently and communicate with others.

For the above reasons I am generally a big supporter of student-blogging. Of course, there have to be some limits such as parents monitoring their children to make sure they don’t spend too much time on it and the subjects discussed are suitable. 

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