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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高三辅导 > 2020年领军高考英语必考点全梳理知识梳理---冠词精剖深析

2020年领军高考英语必考点全梳理知识梳理---冠词精剖深析

2020年领军高考英语必考点全梳理知识梳理---冠词精剖深析

 

 

句语法填空

1.(2019全国I卷)Of _____  nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six are stable, one is increasing, and nine lack enough data.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。此处为特指,意为“在已知的19个北极熊亚种群中”,故填the。

2.(2019全国II卷)When we got a call saying she was short-listed,we thought it was ______ joke.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。根据句意“我们还以为这是一个玩笑” 可知,此处joke为泛指,故填a。

3. (2019全国浙江卷)Everybody wears______ same style of clothes.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:每个人都穿相同风格的衣服。same是形容词,意思是“相同的”,常与the连用修饰名词。故填the。

4.(2018全国II卷)Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over       past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。此处是特指,故用定冠词the。over the past 25 years表示“在过去的25年里”。

5.(2018全国III卷)Unexpectedly,I'm facetoface with the gorilla,who begins screaming at      top of her lungs.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。at the top of“在……顶端”,此处表示“大声地”。

6.(2017全国I卷)As    result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing.

【答案】a

【解析】考查固定搭配中的冠词。as a result结果,是固定搭配。

 

7.(2017全国II卷)This included digging up the road,laying the track and then building a strong roof over            top.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。此处特指“地铁的顶部”,故用定冠词the。

8.(2017全国III卷)Instead, she is earning £6,500 a day as    model in New York.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:相反,她在纽约作为一名模特儿每天收入6 500英镑。用不定冠词a表泛指。

单句改错

1.(2019全国I卷)Suddenly football fell just in front of me but almost hit me.         

【答案】在football前加a

【解析】考查冠词。名词football为可数名词,前边需要有限定词。这里football第一次出现,故在football前加a。

2.(2018全国III卷)Each of my cafes will have a different theme and an unique style.

【答案】an改为a

【解析】考查冠词。本句考查冠词的用法。an用在元音音素前,a用在辅音因素前。unique是以辅音音素开头的单词,前用a。故把an改为a。

3.(2018全国I卷)During my last winter holiday,I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents.                                                                                 

【答案】在countryside前加the。

【解析】考查冠词。定冠词the用于某些固定习语中,“go to the countryside”意为“去乡下”。

4.(2018全国II卷)As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times ….       

【答案】the改为a。

【解析】考查冠词。此处表示“作为一个孩子”,kid表泛指,且kid的发音以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a。

5.(2018全国III卷)I had done myself homework,but I was shy.                          

【答案】myself改为my/the。

【解析】考查限定词。此处特指“我的作业”,故将myself改为my/the。

6.They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day.                                                

【答案】a→an/one

【解析】词法错误。hour是以元音音素开头的单词,前面要用不定冠词an。表示“一个小时”可以用an hour也可以用one hour。

7.(2017全国III卷)Around me in picture are the things which were very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments.

【答案】in后加this/the

【解析】词法错误。picture在文中第一句已经出现过,故此处可以加the表示特指;也可加this,表示“在这张照片中”。

 

 

 

冠词的考查几乎每年都有一两道题,而且基本都设两空。一般情况下,试题的情景较为曲折,句式以复合句为主。另外,在短文改错和语法填空中也常常涉及冠词的考查。考查要点主要包括:

1.考查定冠词和不定冠词的基本用法。

2.考查定冠词和不定冠词的特殊用法。抽象名词具体化前冠词的使用情况、比较级前冠词的使用情况。

3.考查冠词的泛指、特指、类指和专指用法。

4.考查零冠词的运用。另外,还涉及很多冠词与名词的固定搭配。

复习冠词须把握好以下三个原则:

(1)单数可数名词用不定冠词a/an表示泛指;

(2)复数可数名词及不可数名词表示泛指时,其前不加冠词;

(3)无论可数名词还是不可数名词,表示特指时,其前都要加定冠词the。

 

 

 

 

一、定冠词

1.表示特指。

特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。

 Give me the book. Did you hear the talk given by Mr Li? How do you like the film. Have you got the letter?

指谈话双方都知道的人或事物。

Where is the teacher? Open the door.

复述上文提过的人或事物。

I have a beautiful wallet, but the wallet was stolen yesterday.

世界上独一无二的事物等(月亮、地球、天空、宇宙)

The sun rises in the east. The earth goes round the sun. the globe, the universe. the atmosphere大气层

用在方位名词前

in the south, in the west ,in the north

用在序数词或形容词最高级前

 The first thing I want to say is to listen carefully in class. He is the tallest one in our class.

表示两者间“较……的一个”时用定冠词

The older of the two noblemen took a light. He is the taller of the two boys.

用在单数可数名词前表示一类人或事物。

The horse is a useful animal.

定冠词用在形容词前,表示一类人或东西。

The rich, the poor ,the wounded ,the deaf

冠词可用在党派、阶级、民族名词前

The Chinese people中华民族 The working class 工人阶级 The Communist Party

用在姓氏的复数形式前表示一家人,或这一姓的夫妇二人。

The Lius live upstairs. The Johns are watching TV.

在乐器前加the

the piano the violin

在习惯性短语中

in the morning in the afternoon

在人或物后有限定性的后置定语

The man standing by the gate is Li Feng.

代替所有格代词,表示人体的一部分

 He received a blow on the head 他头上挨了一击。 John’s brother took him by the hand. 约翰的哥哥牵着他的手。

在世纪,年代名词前用冠词。 

 In the 1980s或in the 1980’s 20世纪80年代 in the nineteenth century 二十世纪

 

考题印证

单句语法填空

1.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that while one is being bottle­fed, ________ other is with mum—she never suspects.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。one...the other意为“一个……另一个”,为固定用法。

2.(2015·全国卷Ⅱ)The adobe dwellings(土坯房) built  by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even ________most modern of architects and engineers.

【答案】the

【解析】考查形容词最高级的用法。形容词最高级前用定冠词the。

【变式探究】(2016·浙江,2)           prize for the winner of the competition is two­week holiday in Paris.

【答案】The

【解析】句意:这个比赛获胜者的奖品是一个为期两周的在巴黎度假的机会。特指“获胜者的奖品”,用定冠词the。

【变式探究】(2015·新课标Ⅱ,42)The adobe dwellings(土坯房)built by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even ________ most modern of architects and engineers.

【答案】the 

【解析】句意:由美国西南部的印第安村庄的印第安人建造的土坯房甚至被最现代的建筑师和工程师欣赏。根据后面的most modern可知应为“最现代化的”,最高级前要用定冠词the。

单句改错

(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)But in that case,we will learn little about world. ____________

【答案】在world前加the

(2016·四川卷)I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen. ____________

【答案】在kitchen前加the

【解析】本题考查了冠词漏用。根据语境可知,此处特指家里的厨房,所以用定冠词the修饰。

【变式探究】(2016·新课标Ⅱ)But in that case,we will learn little about world.

【答案】world前加the 

【解析】句意:但是,在那种情况下,我们对世界的认识就会很少。world前通常加定冠词the,表示特指。

【变式探究】(2016·新课标Ⅲ)At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by myself.

【答案】去掉the 

【解析】句意:起初,我认为我知道一切,并且能够独自做决定。at first“起初;一开始”,为固定短语。

【变式探究】(2016·四川)I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen.

【答案】kitchen前加the 

【解析】句意:我告诉妈妈待在客厅,我在厨房里做饭。此处表示特指“我”家的厨房,故应用定冠词the。

【变式探究】(2015·新课标Ⅱ)Tony saw a toy in a shop window...A woman saw him crying and told him to wait outside a shop.

【答案】第三个a→the 

【解析】句意:……有个妇女见他哭了,就告诉他在那家商店外面等候。由上下文可知,此处shop指前面“Tony saw a toy in a shop window”中的shop,应用定冠词。

【变式探究】(2015·陕西)I wanted to do something special for him at his retirement party...At a party,my coach,with a biscuit in his mouth,asked surprisingly who made them and joked,“I might have to retire again next year just to get some more of these biscuits.”

【答案】第一个a→the 

【解析】句意:……在那次聚会上,我的教练口含饼干惊奇地问道是谁做的,并且开玩笑说:“为了多吃一些这样的饼干我明年可能会再退休一次。”根据上文“I wanted to do something special for him at his retirement party.”可知,此处指前面所提到的那次退休聚会。

二、不定冠词

泛指某一类人或物中的任何一个。

A teacher shouldn't talk like that.

教师不应当那样讲话。

用于序数词前表示“又一”“再一”。用于形容词最高级前意为“很,非常”。

We'll have to do it a second time.

我们得再做一次。

He is a most wise man.

他是一个十分明智的人。

用于具体化了的抽象名词前。

He was a success in business.

他是事业成功人士。

在专有名词前表示“某一个”“类似的一个”。

A Mr. Smith wants to see you.

一位史密斯先生想见你。

用于of短语中表示“同一”(=the same)。

Tom and Kate are of an age.

汤姆与凯特同岁。

 

考题印证

语法填空

【变式探究】(2016·全国卷Ⅱ节选)Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for  ________ while,exercising or doing something you enjoy.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。for a while意为“一会儿”,为固定短语。

(2016·新课标Ⅱ,48)Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for ________ while,exercising,or doing something you enjoy.

【答案】a 

【解析】句意:你可以先出去一会儿,通过锻炼或做些你喜欢的事情来让你的身体和大脑得到休息。for a while意为“一会儿”。

【变式探究】(2015·四川,5)Brian is gifted in writing music;he is very likely to be ________ Beethoven.

【答案】a

【解析】句意:布莱恩在写音乐方面很有天赋;他很有可能会成为一个贝多芬。不定冠词加人名,意为“一个像某某那样的人”,因此填a。

【变式探究】(2016·浙江,2) The prize for the winner of the competition is ________ two­week holiday in Paris.

【答案】a 

【解析】句意:这个比赛获胜者的奖品是一个为期两周的在巴黎度假的机会。泛指“一个为期两周的假期”,用不定冠词a。

单句改错

【变式探究】(2016·新课标Ⅰ)My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in the short period of time.

【答案】the→a 

【解析】句意:我叔叔说他从没有梦想过要在短时间内变得富有。in a short period of time“在短时间内”,为固定搭配。

三、零冠词

用于表示泛指或一般意义的物质名词、抽象名词、专有名词、复数名词等之前。

Knowledge begins with practice.

知识从实践开始。

Teachers should be respected.

教师应该受到尊重。

东、西方都有的节日名称前不用冠词

New Year's Day, Christmas, National Day, Army Day

中国的节日一般用定冠词

the Spring Festival, the Mid­Autumn Festival

月份、日期前一般不用冠词

in October, on March 8

三餐名词前不用冠词但三餐名词有定语修饰时需加不定冠词

have breakfast/lunch/dinner,have a big breakfast,have a wonderful lunch

表示体育运动的名词前不用冠词,但乐器名词前需加定冠词

play football/cards/chess;play the violin/the piano

用于作表语、补足语、同位语的唯一职位名词前

John is captain of the team.

约翰是这个队的队长。

They elected him president of the society.

他们选他为协会会长。

用于表示“变成”的turn后、作表语的单数名词前

He was a teacher before he turned writer.

他成为作家之前是教师。

用于某些独立主格结构中

The teacher came in, book in hand (=with a book in his hand).

老师走了进来,手里拿着书。

【考题印证】

单句改错

【变式探究】(2016·新课标Ⅲ)At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by myself.

【解析】去掉the 句意:起初,我认为我知道一切,并且能够独自做决定。at first“起初;一开始”,为固定短语。

 

【变式探究】(2013·全国Ⅰ,31)India attained an independence in 1947, after a long struggle.

【答案】去掉an

【解析】考查冠词用法。句意:印度在长期抗争后,于1947年获得独立。 attain independence获得独立,是零冠词用法。

四、冠词在固定搭配中的用法

用在表示计量的名词前;但是如果表示单位的名词为不可数名词,之前不用冠词

by the hour, by the day, by the dozen, by the yard;

by weight, by height

在句型“动词+sb.+介词+the+身体某部位”中的the不可用人称代词替代

take sb. by the arm 抓住某人的手臂

hit sb. in the face 打某人的脸

此外,在be red in the face (脸红), be lame in the right leg (右腿瘸)等结构中,名词前要用the。

 

用于某些习惯用法

have a look, play a trick on, in a hurry, at a loss (茫然,不知所措)

有些习语中有无冠词意义完全不同

in the charge of 由……负责(掌管)(in charge of 负责,掌管)

out of the question 不可能(out of question 毫无疑问)

have a word with sb. 与某人谈谈(have words with sb. 与某人吵架)

【考题印证】

单句语法填空

【变式探究】(2014·浙江,2)The paper is due next month,and I am working seven days a week,often long into________night.

【答案】the  

【解析】考查冠词。句意:这篇论文预计下个月写完,我一星期工作七天,经常熬到深夜。为习惯用法,如work into the night工作到深夜。

(2016·河南郑州高三质量预测)That's just what happened one day in 1940. Four boys were taking ______ walk in the woods near Montignac.

【答案】a  

【解析】take a walk散步,固定短语。

(2016·河北衡水中学高三期末)The two features of life in England that possibly give visitors the worst impressions are the English weather and English cooking. ______the former is a natural phenomenon and nobody can do anything about it.

【答案】 the  

【解析】 the former前者,固定搭配。

(2016·浙江卷)Every time he arrived home at _____end of the day, we'd greet him at the door.

【答案】 the  

【解析】at the end of在……末尾,固定短语。  

单句改错

(2015·全国Ⅰ)Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside.________

【答案】countryside前面加the  

【解析】in the countryside在农村,固定搭配。  

(2014·全国Ⅰ)As result, the plants are growing everywhere.________

【答案】result前加a  

【解析】考查固定搭配。as a result结果。

 

 

 

 

“两招”解语法填空题

一.根据泛指或特指选择冠词

如果空格后的名词或“形容词十名词”前没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词时很可能填冠词。

1.如果空格及后面的名词可翻译成“一个(本、种等)”,一般填a/an。如果可翻译成“这/那个,这/那些”一般填the;

2.如果名词后有of短语、不定式、分词或从句等作定语时很可能填the。

 

思路点拨

1. She stayed up until eleven thirty one evening on purpose just to see              moonlight.

【答案】the

【解析】考查定冠词。moonlight前面没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词,而且moonlight属于独一无二的东西,故填the。

2. In Chinese culture, each year is related to          Chinese animal according to the 12-year cycle.

【答案】a

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意:在中国文化中,根据12年的周期,每年都与中国一个的动物有关.故填a。

3. He not only is the best student in our class, but also has        excellent sense of humour and a genuine interest in other people.

【答案】an

【解析】考查固定搭配。a sense of …“一种…感”,又因为其前有excellent是元音因素开头的词,故填an。

4. Like many other universities at that time, Harvard at the early stage often ran into        financial crisis.

【答案】a

【解析】考查不定冠词。空格后的crisis是可数名词且其前没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词,其没有特指那次金融危机,故填a。

5. Dinosaurs died out because of      unexpected incident.

【答案】an

【解析】考查不定冠词。incident为可数名词,unexpected为元音音素发音单词,句意为“恐龙因意一次外事故而灭绝”,故填an。

6. The "Spider story"is often told. Robert Bruce, leader of the Scots in       13th century, was hiding in a cave from the English.

【答案】the

【解析】考查不定冠词。序数词前要用定冠词the。句意为“‘蜘蛛故事’ 经常被讲述。罗伯特·布鲁斯,13世纪苏格兰人的领袖,躲在一个洞穴里躲避英国人。”

 

二.根据固定句式或固定搭配选择冠词

英语中有很多带有冠词的固定句式或短语,记住这些句式和短语也有利于解决此类问题。

思路点拨

7. As          matter of fact, there are two trophies(奖杯)in history.

【答案】a

【解析】考查含有不定冠词的固定搭配。as a matter of fact事实上。句意为“事实上,历史上有两个奖杯(奖杯)。”故填a。

8. For most individuals, as       result of eating foods rich in fats and sugar several years, they choose to go on a diet but do not succeed at the end.

【答案】a

【解析】考查含有不定冠词的固定搭配。as a result of 由于…的结果。句意为“对于大多数人来说,由于吃了几年富含脂肪和糖的食物,他们选择节食,但最终没有成功。”

9. He smiled back as if to give me a receipt and I would preserve his smile for       long time.

【答案】a

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意为“他冲我回以微笑,好像是要给我一张收据,我会把他的微笑保存很长一段时间。”

10. It is also a cultural between Xishuangbanna and Southeast Asian countries that share       same festival culture of water-splashing.

【答案】the

【解析】考查定冠词。same指“相同的”,在其前面没有this,those等词时,通常要有一个定冠词the。句意为“它也是西双版纳和东南亚国家之间的一种文化,它们有着相同的泼水节日文化”。

11. I usually go to my workplace coffee shop to place       order, but this Wednesday, it was slightly different.

【答案】an

【解析】考查不定冠词。order订单是可数名词。其前没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词时填冠词;又因句意为“我通常去我上班所在地的咖啡店下订单,但这个星期三,情况略有不同。”故填an。

12.At       same time, great progress made in science and technology was really amazing.

【答案】the

【解析】考查含有定冠词the固定搭配。at the same time同时。句意为“同时,科技的巨大进步也是令人惊叹的。”

短文改错解题“4视角”

一.注意单词首字母的音素

看到读音以辅音素开头的名词要想到应用不定冠词a;看到读音以元音素开头的名词要想到应用不定冠词an。

思路点拨

1. Last but not least, we should take a active part in sports and build up our body.                 

【答案】a改为an

【解析】考查不定冠词。active是读音以元音素开头的名词,故a改为an。句意为“最后但并非最不重要的一点是,我们应该积极参加体育活动,锻炼我们的身体”。

2. Besides, this will be my first experience to participate in such a activity.                       

【答案】a改为an

【解析】考查不定冠词。activity是读音以元音素开头的名词,故a改为an。句意为“此外,这将是我第一次参加这样的活动”。

二.明确特指与泛指

如果名词表示特指,则应用定冠词the,泛指用a/an。

思路点拨

3.On entering the flat, you will find yourself in the sitting room. To be honest, a sitting room is my favourite part.                                                                       

【答案】a改为the

【解析】考查定冠词。the sitting room是第二此出现,为特指,句意为“一进公寓,你就会发现自己在客厅里。老实说,客厅是我最喜欢的部分”。

4.Zhang Wei was watching TV while his father was preparing dinner in the kitchen on an evening of January 9th.                                                                                                                   

【答案】an改为the

【解析】考查定冠词。具体的某一天的上/下午、晚上是特指,要用定冠词the。句意为“1月9日晚上,父亲在厨房准备晚餐时,张炜正在看电视”。

 

5.It is the great honour for me to take part in the volunteer work, and I learn the significance of helping others.                                                                                

【答案】第一个the改为a

【解析】考查不定冠词。这里是honor的抽象名词具体化,a great honor一件荣幸的事。句意为“参加志愿者工作对我来说是莫大的荣幸,我学会了帮助他人的意义”。

三.掌握可数与不可数

看到单数可数名词要想到是否少用了冠词;看到不可数名词表示泛指要想到是否多用了冠词。

思路点拨

6.It started when teacher set up a volleyball club in our school, hoping that more students would take part in the sport and keep fit.                                                                  

【答案】teacher前加a  

【解析】考查不定冠词。teacher s是可数名词,前面没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词,故用不定冠词;又因为teacher读音以辅音音素开头的名词,且第一次出现,是泛指。故加上a。句意为“它开始于老师在我们学校建立一个排球俱乐部,希望更多的学生参加这项运动,保持身体健康”。

7. Last summer vacation, I worked in restaurant.                                            

【答案】restaurant前加a  

【解析】考查定不冠词。restaurant是可数名词,前面没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词,故用不定冠词;又因为restaurant读音以辅音音素开头的名词,且第一次出现,是泛指。故加上a。

8. The blogs serves as open platform where you can do lots of things.                           

【答案】open前加an  

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意为“博客是一个开放的平台,你可以在那里做很多事情”。

四.记熟固定搭配

牢记含冠词的固定搭配,确定冠词的增与删。

思路点拨

9. Though there are a lot of changes,the great number of men still guard their rights.               

【答案】the改为a  

【解析】考查含有不定冠词的固定搭配。the great number of …的数量;a great number of 许多。句意为“虽然有很多变化,但大量的男性仍在保护他们的权利”.

10. Mr Yang found me and apologized to me for his sharp words next day.                       

【答案】open前加an  

【解析】考查含有定冠词的固定搭配。The next day 第二天;next day明天。句意为“第二天杨先生找到了我,并为他说的尖刻的话向我道歉”。

11. With his help, we have made a great progress.                                           

【答案】去掉a  

【解析】考查零冠词。 progress是不可数名词,不和a连用。made great progress取得巨大的进步。

12. When the landlady discovered what had happened, she decided to do him favor.                 

【答案】favor前加a  

【解析】考查含有不定冠词的固定搭配。do sb a favor帮某人一个忙。句意为“当女房东知道发生了什么事时,她决定帮他个忙”。

 

 

 

 

语法填空

1.(2019 年汕头市高考第二次模拟试题)They discovered that singing in groups was      essential part in helping people recover from mental illness.

【答案】an

【解析】考查不定冠词。part 是可数名词,前面没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格或指示代词等限定词,故用不定冠词;又因为essential 读音以元音音素开头的名词,是泛指。故填an。句意为:他们发现集体歌唱是帮助人们从精神疾病中康复的重要一部分。

2.哈师大附中  东北师大附中  辽宁省实验中学2019年高三第一次联合模拟考试The book is ______ window into the personal life of the first African-American First Lady and the first black US President.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:这本书是了解美国第一位非裔第一夫人和第一位黑人总统的私人生活的一扇户。window是可数名词,此处用不定冠词表示泛指,故填a。

3.(哈师大附中、东北师大附中、辽宁省实验中学2019年高三第二次联合模拟考试)Everyone sat on cushions on the ground and had _____ good view of the center of the stage.

【答案】a

【解析】考查固定短语。句意:每个人都坐在地上的垫子上,可以清楚地看到舞台中央。have a good view of有很好的视野,一览无余,该短语是固定短语,所以填a。

4.(吉林省名校2019届高三下学期第一次联合模拟考试)Whisky is probably ______ most famous product of Scotland.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:威士忌是苏格兰最著名的产品。修饰最高级应用定冠词,故填the。

5.(河南省开封市2019届高三上学期第一次模拟考试)Non-Hermitian wave engineering is _____recent and fast-moving field that examines both fundamental and application-oriented phenomena.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:是一个快速发展的领域,表示泛指“一个领域”,故填a。

6.(吉林省辽源市普通高中2019届高三第二次模拟考试)Confucius was _____ extraordinary educator and philosopher, and founded Confucianism.

【答案】an

【解析】考查冠词。此处指孔子是一位杰出的教育家和哲学家,表示“一个”且extraordinary开头音标是元音音标。故填冠词an.

7.(辽宁省葫芦岛市2019届高三下学期第一次模拟考试 )“Polymorphic” means ______ ability to take different forms.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。ability为可数名词,此处表示特指“变形”的能力,故用定冠词the。句意:“多态”是指具有不同形式的能力。

8.(山东省淄博市高三第一次模拟考试)The palace walls were brightened with red Chinese lanterns—designed to recreate the feeling of the royal court of old—and ______ light show lit up the complex while the China National Traditional Orchestra and the Peking Opera performed.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。句意参考上题解析,show表示“表演”时是可数名词,此处用不定冠词表泛指,故填a。句意:皇宫的墙壁上点亮了红色的中国灯笼,旨在重现古老的皇家宫廷的感觉-灯光秀照亮了建筑群,同时进行中国民族传统乐团和京剧表演。

9.(山东省泰安市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)China is famous for its bewildering and oftentimes confusing highway interchanges (立体交叉道),but the Qianchun interchange in ______ mountainous province of Guizhou is the only one that actually looks like a giant rollercoaster for cars and trucks.

【答案】the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:但位于多山的贵州省的钱春立交桥是唯一一个看起来像是为汽车和卡车而建的的巨大过山车的立交桥。此处特指“多山的贵州省”故用定冠词the。

10.(山东省济南市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)“ Although the patterns and colors may be different,paper-cuts share the same function of maintaining emotional ties among people,”says Yang Huizi, ______ art teacher at Beijing Union.

【答案】an

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意:尽管样式和颜色不同,但是剪纸所承载的情感纽带的功能却是一样的,杨蕙子说到,北京联合会的一个艺术老师。分析句子可知,art teacher作同位语解释说明杨蕙子,第一次提及,故用不定冠词an。

11.(广东省2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟)________study also found that as temperatures and sunlight hours decrease,alcohol consumption goes up.

【答案】The

【解析】考查定冠词。句意:研究还发现,随着气温和日照时间的减少,酒精的消耗量也会增加。此处表示上文提到的研究,表示“特指”,故答案为The。

12.(湖南省湘潭市2019届高三下学期第二次模拟考试)______ study also found that as temperatures and sunlight hours decrease, alcohol consumption goes up.

【答案】The

【解析】考查定冠词。句意:研究还发现,随着气温和日照时间的减少,酒精的消耗量也会增加。此处表示上文提到的研究,表示“特指”,故答案为The。

13.(山东省日照市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)To show how strong the ancient Chinese architecture really is,______ model of one of the Forbidden City’s palaces was put to the test.

【答案】

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意:为了展示中国古代建筑的实力,一座紫禁城宫殿的模型被测试。此处泛指“一个模型”,应使用不定冠。故填a。

14.(陕西省咸阳市2019届高三高考模拟检测)In the latest survey on professional attitudes towards love and marriage, more than half of the investigated in Yangzhou,          second-level city on the East coast, were satisfied with their marriage after 35.

【答案】a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:超过一半的调查对象来自东海岸的扬州,一个二级城市。分析句子可知,本空表示数量“一”,即用冠词a。

单句改错

1.(2019青岛市高考模拟检测)As they were leaving he offered the girl the ride home.              

【答案】the改为a

【解析】考查冠词。offer sb a ride送某人一程。句意为:“当他们要离开的时候,他们主动提出要送女孩一程”。

2.(山东省安丘市、诸城市、五莲县、兰山区2019届高三4月模拟训练)Besides, taking a bike is environmentally friendly means of transport.                                                 

【答案】在 environmentally 之前添加 an

【解析】考查冠词。文章第二段第三句,结合句意,此外,骑自行车是一种环保的交通方式。这里泛指“一个;一种”,且后面的 environmentally 以元音音素开头,所以应使用不定冠词 an。故正确答案为在 environmentally 之前添加 an。

3.(东北三省三校2019届高三第一次模拟英语试题)In second place, human cloning may lead in some social disorder, and it is quite dangerous.                                                     

【答案】在 second之前添加 the

【解析】考查定冠词。second是序数词,前面要加定冠词the。句意“其次,克隆人会导致社会紊乱。”in the second place表示“其次、第二点”,故在in后加the。

4.(哈师大附中、东北师大附中、辽宁省实验中学2019年高三第二次联合模拟考试)We sincerely hope that we can participate in a competition as team partners.                                

【答案】a改为 the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:我们真诚地希望我们能作为团队的伙伴参加这次比赛。文中特指“这次比赛”,所以a改成the。

5.(吉林省名校2019届高三下学期第一次联合模拟考试)I have forgotten that composition now, but I remember the feeling of mask on my face and my heart was beating wildly as I shared my composition.  

【答案】of后加the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:我还记得面具在脸上的感觉。指上文提到的paper mark,为特指,故用定冠词the。

6.(2019年东北三省四市教研联合体高考模拟试卷)All in all if you follow my advice above, you will find that it isn’t big deal to make some friends.                                                                                                            

【答案】big前添加a

【解析】考查冠词。deal为可数名词,本句表示泛指,应用不定冠词a。故big前添加a。句意:

总之,如果你遵循我上面的建议,你会发现交到一些朋友并不是什么大事。

7.(辽宁省葫芦岛市2019届高三下学期第一次模拟考试)The museum, whose main task is to spread the knowledge of science and technology, covers area of 15,000 square meters.                     

【答案】在 area 之前加 an

【详解】考查冠词。句意:该博物馆占地面积15,000平方米。即此博物馆拥有15,000平方米的一片区域,此处为泛指,表示数量为一,应该使用不定冠词。且 area 以元音音素开头。故正确答案为在 area 之前添加 an。

8.(山东省淄博市高三第一次模拟考试)I agree that your son needs to keep up with his studies,because this will influence rest of life.                                                        

【答案】在rest前加the

【解析】考查定冠词。句意参考上题解析,the rest表示“余下的、剩余部分”,故rest前加the。句意:我同意你儿子需要跟上他的学习,因为这将影响他的余生。

9.(山东省泰安市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)In last few years,you have shown great interest in Chinese chess.                                                                       

【答案】last前加the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:在过去的几年里,你对中国象棋表现出了极大的兴趣。表示“过去的几年”短语为in the last few years,last前需要添加冠词the。

10.(山东省济南市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)To start with,our monitor will give a speech on behalf of a whole class.                                                                

【答案】把a改为the

【解析】考查冠词。句意:首先,我们班长会代表我们全班做一个演讲。分析句子可知,我们整个班级,为特指,需用定冠词,故把a改为the。

11.(2019年辽宁省大连市高三第一次模拟考试)All in all , follow my advice above , and you will find that it isn't big deal to make some friends.                                                   

【答案】big前加a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:总之,按照我的意见,你会发现交朋友没有什么大不了的。本句为短语a big deal大事情,deal为可数名词,第一次提及,故用不定冠词a。

12.(广东省2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟)I saw mother bird stay in her nest in a big tree, watching some of her babies flying away.                                               

【答案】mother前加a

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意:我看见一只鸟妈妈呆在她的巢里,在一棵大树上,看着她的一些孩子飞走了。结合句意可知在mother前加a。

13.(湖南省湘潭市2019届高三下学期第二次模拟考试)I felt sympathy for him, thinking he might have a same fear he did last time.                                                                 

【答案】a改为the

【解析】考查定冠词。句意:我对他表示同情,心想他可能和上次一样害怕。the same“相同的”,故把a改成the。

14.(湖南省岳阳市2019届高三第二次模拟考试)His friend had the dog with him.           

【答案】the改为a

【解析】考查不定冠词。句意:他的朋友带了一只狗。第一次提及,故用不定冠词,故把the改为a。

15.(山东省日照市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)Last week I went to countryside to visit my parents.                                          

【答案】countryside前面加上the

【解析】考查冠词。countryside前必须要加定冠词,属于固定用法。故countryside前面加上the。

16.(陕西省咸阳市2019届高三高考模拟检测)After while, it seemed to be disappointed and disappeared from my sight.                                                                       

【答案】在while前添加a

【解析】考查冠词。句意:过了一会儿,它似乎有点失望,从我的视线中消失了。after a while为固定搭配,意为“一会儿”,故在while前添加a。

17.(烟台市2019届高三第一次模拟考试)The month-long volunteer work has now come to end,from which I understand that it isn’t easy to be a good guide.                                      

【答案】在end前添加a

【解析】考查含有冠词的固定搭配。句意:一个月时间的志愿工作现在已经结束了,从中我理解了做一名好的向导很不容易。动词短语come to an end意为“结束”,在句中充当谓语动词。所以要在end前面加an。

 

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