手机版| 英语课堂| 个人中心| 注册| 登录 关注云教 关注订阅号
淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 英语辅导 > 英语一对一家教 > 淮南一对一英语高三英语一轮复习资料

淮南一对一英语高三英语一轮复习资料

淮南一对一英语高三英语一轮复习资料

高三英语一轮复习资料16

Ⅰ.核心必记单词

1.arrange vt.安排,准备→arrangement n.布置;整理;准备

2.sign n.手势;符号

3.spirit n.精神

4.persuade vt.说服,劝服→persuasion n.说服,劝服

5.unknown adj.不知道的,未知的

6.deed n.行为,行动

7.lecture n.讲授,演讲

8.apologise vi.道歉→apology n.道歉

9.pollute vt.使污染→pollution n.污染

10.present vt.演示;讲演→presentation n.演示;展示

11.discovery n.发现→discover vt.发现

12.educate vt.教育→education n.教育→educator n.教育家;教师→educated adj.受过教育的

13.attract vt.吸引→attractive adj.吸引人的;引人注目的→attraction n.吸引;吸引人的事物

14.measure vi.& vt.(长度、数量)为;测量;n.措施,方法→measurement n.尺寸;测量

15.local adj.当地的,地方性的

16.disagree vi.不同意,意见不合→disagreement n.不一致;争论;意见不同

Ⅱ.阅读识记单词

17.participate vi.参加→participation n.参加

18.evaluate vt.评估,评价→evaluation n.评价,评估

19.actor n.演员→actress n.女演员

20.collection n.收集,收取→collect vt.收集,收取

21.frightening adj.令人惊恐的,骇人的→frighten vt.(使)惊恐→frightened adj.害怕的;受惊的

22.explorer n.探险家→explore vt.探险,探索

23.eventually adv.最终,终于→eventual adj.最后的,结果的

24.industrial adj.工业的

25.agricultural adj.农业的

26.chemical n.化学物

27.ban vt.禁止

28.altogether adv.完全

29.handle vt.对付

30.department n.部,系,局,部门 

31.intelligence n.智力,理解力→intelligent adj.有灵性的;聪明的

32.energetic adj.有活力的→energy n.活力,精力

33.discount n.折扣,减价

34.length n.长度,长

35.terrify vt.令人感到恐惧→terror n.恐怖,恐惧→terrifying adj.使人感到恐惧的→terrified adj.感到恐怖的

36.escape vi.逃脱,逃跑

37.survive vi.幸存,生存下来→survival n.幸存;存活→survivor n.幸存者,生还者

38.recover vi.恢复正常;康复

39.scream vi.(因恐惧、疼痛、兴奋等)尖声大叫

40.recognise vt.辨认出→recognition n.认出;承认

41.opposite n.对立的人(物);反义词

42.debate n.辩论,争论

 

 语境活用  [用所给词的正确形式填空]

1.Trying to help injured,displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking;survival(survive) is never certain.(2017·全国Ⅰ)

2.Since 1962,Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion for discovery(discover) and lifelong learning in science,math and technology.(2017·全国Ⅰ)

3.This attractive(attract) tour takes you to some of San Francisco’s most cheerful holiday scenes.(2017·全国Ⅲ)

4.There are probably decades in which to plan for the arrival of super intelligent(intelligence) machines.(2017·北京)

5.Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution,the company eventually(eventual) settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s.(2017·全国Ⅱ)

6.We’ve lost the battle to control carbon pollution(pollute) and have no choice but to adapt.(2017·江苏)

7.Recently it has discovered that data can be turned into new services:translation and visual recognition(recognise).

8.While high school does not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life,college sets the stage for that exploration(explore).(2017·全国Ⅰ)

9.The most sensible form of adaptation is surely to adapt our energy(energetic) systems to emit less carbon pollution.

10.The national park has a large collection(collect) of wildlife,ranging from butterflies to elephants.(2017·北京)

11.After his terrifying(terrify) adventure,Mac felt relieved when he reached home safe to his loving family.(2017·浙江)

12.Their participation(participate) played a key role for our success.

 

 

 

1.participate in参加

2.fill out填写

3.set sail启航

4.according to根据,依照

5.get into trouble陷入麻烦,陷入困境

6.make it to到达

7.in search of寻找,寻求

8.be covered with被……覆盖

9.make a living谋生

10.watch out密切注意;当心,留神

11.make sense有道理,有意义,讲得通

12.all at once突然,忽然

13.in the direction of朝着……的方向

14.pick up取,接载

15.in addition to 除了……之外

16.rather than而不是

 

 

语境活用  [选用上述黑体短语的正确形式填空]

1.It just doesn’t make sense.Why would she do a thing like that?

2.He has had to travel through the country in search of work.

3.All at once,we heard a shot and the soldier fell down to the ground.

4.Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit.(2017·全国Ⅰ)

5.Inventors have been trying to make flying cars since the 1930s,according to Robert Mann,an airline industry expert.(2017·全国Ⅱ)

6.Our café offers a complete menu of lunch and snack options,in addition to seasonal specials.(2017·全国Ⅰ)

7.Driverless cars may end up being a form of public transport rather than vehicles you own.(2017·天津)

8.Many people who live along the coast make a living in fishing industry.(2017·北京)

 

 

 

(一)阅读词汇写其义

1.evaluate vt.评估,评价_     2.further adv.更远,较远

3.discount n._折扣,减价_  4.opposite n.对立的人(物)

5.recover vi.恢复正常;康复  6.voyage n.航海;航空

7.scream vi.尖声大叫  8.eventually adv.最终,终于

 

(二)表达词汇写其形

1.sign_n.符号;手势  2.recognise vt.辨认出

3.ban_vt.禁止  4.measure_vi.& vt.(长度、数量)为;测量

5.escape_vi.逃脱,逃跑  6.present vt.讲演;演示 

7.debate n.辩论,争论  8.handle_vt.对付

 

(三)拓展词汇灵活用

*1.participate vi.参加→participation n.参加

 2.arrange vt.安排,准备→arrangement n.安排

*3.frightening adj.令人惊恐的,骇人的→frighten vt.(使)惊恐→frightened adj.害怕的;受惊的→fright n.恐怖;惊恐

 4.persuade vt.说服,劝服→persuasion n.说服

 5.apologise vi.道歉→apology n.道歉

*6.pollute vt.使污染→pollution n.污染

*7.intelligent adj.有灵性的;聪明的→intelligence n.智力,理解力

 8.energetic adj.有活力的→energy n.精力;活力

 9.discovery n.发现→discover vt.发现

 10.educate vt.教育→educator n.教育工作者→education n.教育,培养

 11.attract vt.吸引→attraction n.吸引人的地方→attractive adj.吸引人的

12.terror n.恐怖,恐惧→terrify vt.令人感到恐惧→terrifying adj.使人感到恐惧的→terrified adj.感到恐怖的

*13.survive vi.幸存,生存下来→survival n.幸存,生存→survivor n.幸存者,生还者

 

用上面加*号的单词的适当形式填空

1.Luckily, I survived the terrible car crash last week and I was the only survivor of the accident.

2.Mary was too frightened to tell her family the frightening scene because it frightened her to death.

3.The child made a very intelligent comment, which showed that he was a boy of very high intelligence.

4.As the river has been polluted,_we should take measures to deal with the pollution.

5.We all participated in the camp and agreed that this participation was very valuable. 

6.What happened without any previous warning that day terrified all the passengers aboard the train. It was really a terrifying scene, and many people are still terrified at the thought of taking a high­speed train.

 

 

[话题单词积累]

1.geography /dʒi'ɒgrəfi/ n. 地理

2.ocean /'əuʃn/ n.  海洋,大海

3.continent /'kɒntinənt/ n.  陆地;大陆,大洲

4.stream /striːm/ n.  小河;溪流

5.range /reindʒ/ n.  山脉

6.valley /'væli/ n.  山谷,溪谷

7.desert /'dezət/ n.  沙漠

8.jungle /'dʒʌŋgl/ n.  丛林,密林

9.mineral /'minərəl/ n.  矿物质

10.remote /ri'məut/ adj.  偏远的;偏僻的

11.mountainous /'mauntənəs/ adj.  多山的

12.increase /'ɪnkriːs/ n.  增加,增长;提高

13.sharply /'ʃɑːpli/ adv.  急剧地;锐利地

14.decrease /dɪ'kriːs/ v.  减少;减小;降低

15.resource /'riːsɔːrs/ n.  资源

16.situation /ˌsɪtʃu'eɪʃn/  n.  形势

17.destruction /dɪ'strʌkʃn/ n.  破坏;毁灭

 

 

18.arouse /ə'raʊz/ v.  叫醒;唤醒

19.protect /prə'tekt/ v.  保护

20.awareness /ə'wernəs/ n.  认识;觉察;意识

21.weather /'weðər/  n.  天气

22.climate /'klaɪmət/ n.  气候

23.freezing /'friːzɪŋ/ adj.  冻结的;极冷的

24.snowy /'snəʊi/ adj.  雪(白)的;下雪的;25.chilly /'tʃɪli/ adj.  寒冷的

26.storm /stɔːm/ n.  风暴,暴(风)雨

27.thunder /'θʌndə(r)/ n.& vi.  雷声,打雷

28.province /'prɒvins/ n.  省

29.state /steit/ n.  州

30.capital /'kæpitl/ n.  首府,省会

31.steep /stiːp/ adj.  险峻的;陡峭的

32.haze /heiz/ n.  雾霾

33.breeze /briːz/ n.  微风

34.pour /pɒː(r)/ vi.  倾泻,不断流出

 

 

[课内短语回扣]

(一)根据汉语写出下列短语

 1.participate_in参加        2.in_addition_to除……以外还有

 3.watch_out_ 注意    4.on_one's_own独自地;独立地 

 5.fill_out 填写    *6.pick_up取,接载;无意中学到

*7.get_into_trouble陷入麻烦,陷入困境 8.according_to根据,依照

 9.deal_with_ 处理;对付  *10.make_it_to_ 到达

 11.make_sense有道理,有意义  *12.in_search_of_ 寻找,寻求

*13.make_a_living谋生    14.be_covered_with覆盖

 

 

话题:海洋资源

话题单词 1.ocean /əʊʃən/ n.海洋               

2.tide /taΙd/ n.潮;潮汐

3.explore /Ιksplɔː/ vi.& vt.探测;探险  

4.harmful /hɑːmfʊl/ adj.有害的

5.overfish /əʊvəfΙʃ/ vi.过度捕鱼 

6.fish /fΙʃ/ n.鱼类

7.dolphin /dɒlfΙn/ n.海豚  

8.shellfish /ʃelfΙʃ/ n.水生贝壳类动物

9.Pacific /pəsΙfΙk/ adj.太平洋的  

10.pollutant /pəluːtənt/ n.污染物

11.resource /rΙsɔːs/ n.资源  

12.illegal /Ιliːɡəl/ adj.非法的

13.extinction /ΙkstΙŋkʃən/ n.灭绝  

14.chemical /kemΙkəl/ n.& adj.化学物质;化学的

15.seafood /siːfʊd/ n.海鲜  

16.ban /bæn/ vt.& n.禁令;禁止

话题短语 1.ocean circulation 海洋循环             

2.marine pollution 海洋污染

3.protect ...from 保护……免受  

4.ecological balance 生态平衡

5.take measures 采取措施  6.be aware of 意识到

7.industrial waste 工业废料  

8.fishery resources 渔业资源

9.coastal development 沿海开发  

10.contribute to 促进;有助于

11.sea level rise 海平面上升  

12.marine conservation areas 海洋保护区

13.be available to 可被……利用  

14.have an impact on 对……有影响

15.biological resources 生物资源  

16.marine environment 海洋环境

话题句型 1.The governments need to look at ways of giving those who exploit the resources of the sea an interest in their conservation.政府必须考虑一些措施,使那些利用海洋资源的人对保护海洋产生兴趣。

2.Coral reefs in much of the Pacific Ocean are dying faster than previously thought,with the decline driven by climate change,disease and coastal development.

受气候变化、病害和沿海开发活动的影响,太平洋海域大部分地区的珊瑚礁死亡速度比此前认为的要快。

3.Situated on the ocean and possessing a fine,deep­water port,British Columbia’s largest city faces Vancouver Island to the west.英属哥伦比亚的最大城市,坐落在太平洋岸上,拥有一个很不错的深水港,西临温哥华岛。

话题语篇 长江江豚(finless porpoise)受人类活动影响而濒临灭绝,假如你是李华,请给WWF(世界自然保护基金组织)写一封信,请他们关注这一状况并提供帮助。内容包括:1.说明写信目的;2.简述江豚现状;3.希望WWF如何帮助;4.感谢并期待回复。

【话题模板】

Dear Sir,

How are you doing?Hope everything goes well with you!

Right now I am writing to you to tell you something about Yangtze Finless Porpoise.On account of lack of human protection,the number of Yangtze Finless Porpoise is becoming smaller and smaller,only 1,000 left up to now.Most of them are dying out.Therefore,it’s time we took immediate measures to change the situation.

So I hope WWF will do something to help Yangtze Finless Porpoise by setting up a special fund organization or drawing up some rules on how to protect it and so on.

I will be looking forward to your reply.Thank you!

Li Hua

 

听力特训16:

第一部分:听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

第一节(共5题)

1. Where did the man find the wallet?

A. In the grass.   B. At the parking lot.   C. In the laboratory.

2. What does the woman mean?

A. She has to attend a meeting in the morning.

B. She doesn’t mind going sightseeing by bus.

C. She hates to take the underground.

3. What is the relationship between Jim and Bob?

A. Classmates.    B. Close friends.    C. Twin brothers.

4. What is the man’s purpose in meeting the woman?

   A. To apply for a job.   B. To try to please her.  C. To find out her position.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

   A. New dictionaries.  B. Forms of language.    C. The development of language.

 

第二节:(共15小题)

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. Who is the woman probably?

  A. Bob’s girlfriend.  B. The man’s friend.   C. Laura’s sister.

7. When would the man go to the woman’s house?

  A. In 15 minutes.   B. In 30 minutes.   C. In 45 minutes.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. How much is the telephone bill?

  A. Over 10 pounds.   B. About 7 pounds.   C. About 3 pounds.

9. Why did Jack make so many telephone calls to London?

  A. His uncle was in London.

  B. Anne was in London.

  C. His grandfather was in London.

10. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Father and daughter.   B. Brother and sister.   C. Couple.

听第8段材料,回答第11至第13题。

11. How many kinds of trees grow in one square kilometer according to the man?

  A. About1,500.    B. About715.   C. About 750.

12. What does the woman do?

A. An announcer.     B. A student.     C. A scientist.

13. What can we learn from the conversation?

   A. People can’t see any of the trees in other places.

   B. The speakers hear many kinds of birds singing.

   C. The man is an insect researcher.

听第9段材料,回答第14至第16题。

14. What is the woman’s name?

   A. Sharon.    B. Susan.     C. Sherry.

15. In what field was the woman majoring(专修)?

   A. Engineering.   B. Computer science.   C. Education.

16. What can we know about the man?

   A. He has never met the woman before.

   B. His present major is accounting.

   C. He wants to invite the woman to see a movie.

听第10段材料,回答第18至第20题。

17. What is the speaker talking about?

   A. The importance if making appointments.

   B. The best time of making a schedule.

   C. The advantages of making a schedule.

18. What does a master schedule tell us?

   A. All the fun things we can do.

   B. How much time we really have.

   C. How long our study time will be.

19. Where can we find our free time?

   A. In a weekly schedule.   B. In a daily schedule.   C. In a long-term schedule.

20. How can we use our daily schedule?

   A. To do some important things  

B. To achieve short-term goals.  

C. To plan the time well.

 

1-5ABCAC  6-10BAABC  11-15CABAC  16-20. BCBAC

 

热身:

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Located in the northwest of Hunan Province, about 300 kilometers away from Changsha, capital of Hunan, Zhangjiajie,   61    covers a total area of 9,563 square kilometers, is a tourist city for its unique natural scenery and abundant tourism resources. Zhangjiajie   62   (award) the title of “World Geological Park” in 2004.   63    (actual), Zhangjiajie, honored as “the most fantastic mountain under heaven” and “a walking Chinese landscape painting”, is also widely praised as “  64    enlarged potted landscaping” “a mini fairyland” and “a maze (迷宫) of nature”, attracting a growing number of tourists   65    home and abroad. 

Since it was discovered in the 1980s, tourism industry   66    (become) the leading industry in Zhangjiajie, which has stimulated the development of other industries   67    (relate) to tourism. At the same time, eco-tourism has been developed rapidly in Zhangjiajie. When you come to Zhangjiajie, you can fully appreciate   68     (it) magnificent natural scenery and experience appealing folk custom as well as other thrilling tourist   69    (activity), and you will be deeply impressed by   70    is performed by the minorities there. 

It must be an exciting, joyful and unforgettable tour to Zhangjiajie.

 

第一节  短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

Dear sir,

I’m terrible sorry to make you disappointing for not having finished my homework in time. 

In fact, I had something else to do, that made me have no time for my homework.My father was badly injured in a car accident yesterday. Hearing the news, I hurried the hospital after school. I had a busy night, but I didn't do my homework.

As what you know, I am an ordinary student in class and eager to improve your English. I                                                       find I have great difficult concentrating on my study. Would you please give me some advices ?                                          

Besides, I wish you could give me more chances to practise my English in class.

I’m looking forward to hear from you early.

Yours sincerely,

                                                                Zhang Sha

 

语法填空  61. which    62. was awarded   63. Actually   64. an    65. from/at  

66. has become   67. related    68. its      69. activities   70. what  

短文改错

Dear sir,

I’m terrible sorry to make you disappointing for not having finished my homework in time. 

   terribly                disappointed

In fact, I had something else to do, that made me have no time for my homework.

which 

My father was badly injured in a car accident yesterday. Hearing the news, I hurried∧the 

                                                            to

hospital after school. I had a busy night, but I didn't do my homework.

so

As what you know, I am an ordinary student in class and eager to improve your English. I

                                                          my

find I have great difficult concentrating on my study. Would you please give me some advices ?

difficulty                                                advice

Besides, I wish you could give me more chances to practise my English in class.

I’m looking forward to hear from you early.

hearing

Yours sincerely,

                                                                Zhang Sha

 

第三部分 语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

   I was in the __61__ (nine) year when I began to suffer from depression. My parents noticed it but felt that since I’d always been a good child, this was temporary.

   Unfortunately, it was not to be so. I didn’t have friends. Hardly could I share my problems. Deep worry began to destroy my __62__ (confident). Finally I refused to attend classes, ¬¬¬__63__ (shut) myself in my room for hours.

   The examination was approaching, but I didn’t care at all. My parents and teachers were surprised __64__ my bad performance. One morning, after a particularly severe lectures from my father, I went to school and stood at the school gate, __65__ (depress). Then as the other students marched to their classrooms, our headmaster called me. The next 45 minutes was one of the __66__ (precious) moments in my life. She said she had noticed a big change in me and wondered why. At first she took my hands in __67__ (she) and listened patiently as I mentioned my worries. Then she __68__ (hug) me as I wept. Months of frustration and loneliness disappeared in her motherly hug.

   No one had tried to understand __69__ the real problem was except the headmaster, who helped me out __70__ (simple) by listening and hug.

 

短文改错(满分10分)

Last winter vacation, some of my classmates decide to travel with their friends, while I chose to take par-time job to gain experience and earn some money. I learned from my teacher that a nearby company was looking after students with good handwriting to write addresses on envelope. The pay is 10 cent per envelope. I headed for the company, feeling sure I would easy finish 300 envelopes in five hours and to earn the money. Actually, I only finished 200. Now, I fully understand how hard is to earn money. Get out of the classroom is indeed necessary for we all.

语法填空

61. ninth  62. confidence  63. shutting  64. by/at  65. depressed   66. most precious  67. hers  68. hugged   69. what   70. simply

改错

1.decided  2. 加a  3. for  4. envelopes  5. was  6. easily  7. 去to  8. 加it  9. Getting  10. us

            

 

[考题示例]         (2017·全国卷Ⅲ阅读C)

[1]After years of heated debate, gray wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Fourteen wolves were caught in Canada and transported to the park. By last year, the Yellowstone wolf population had grown to more than 170 wolves.

[2]Gray wolves once were seen here and there in the Yellowstone area and much of the continental United States, but they were gradually displaced by human development. By the 1920s, wolves had practically disappeared from the Yellowstone area. They went farther north into the deep forests of Canada, where there were fewer humans around.

[3]The disappearance of the wolves had many unexpected results. Deer and elk populations — major food sources (来源) for the wolf — grew rapidly. These animals consumed large amounts of vegetation (植被), which reduced plant diversity in the park. In the absence of wolves, coyote populations also grew quickly. The coyotes killed a large percentage of the park's red foxes, and completely drove away the park's beavers.

[4]As early as 1966, biologists asked the government to consider reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone Park.They hoped that wolves would be able to control the elk and coyote problems.Many farmers opposed the plan because they feared that wolves would kill their farm animals or pets.

[5]The government spent nearly 30 years coming up with a plan to reintroduce the wolves. The U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service carefully monitors and manages the wolf packs in Yellowstone.Today, the debate continues over how well the gray wolf is fitting in at Yellowstone.Elk, deer, and coyote populations are down, while beavers and red foxes have made a comeback.The Yellowstone wolf project has been a valuable experiment to help biologists decide whether to reintroduce wolves to other parts of the country as well.

28.What is the text mainly about?

A.Wildlife research in the United States.

B.Plant diversity in the Yellowstone area.

C.The conflict between farmers and gray wolves.

D.The reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone Park.

29.What does the underlined word “displaced” in paragraph 2 mean?

A.Tested. B.Separated.

C.Forced out. D.Tracked down.

30.What did the disappearance of gray wolves bring about?

A.Damage to local ecology.

B.A decline in the park's income.

C.Preservation of vegetation.

D.An increase in the variety of animals.

31.What is the author's attitude towards the Yellowstone wolf project?

A.Doubtful. B.Positive.

C.Disapproving. D.Uncaring.

[尝试翻译] 黄石公园灰狼回归计划对帮助生物学家决定是否也将灰狼重新引进到美国其他地区是一个有价值的实验。

(二)这样做题

[名师解题]

28.主旨大意题。选D 纵观全文可知,本文主要谈了将灰狼重新引入黄石国家公园的原因以及这一举措的成效等,故选D。

29.词义猜测题。选C 由第二段第一句话可知,曾经在黄石公园里到处都能看见灰狼,下文提到但后来由于人类的发展灰狼数量逐渐减少,几乎消失了,因此可以推出,displaced意为“被迫离开”,故选C。

30.推理判断题。选A 第三段提到由于灰狼的消失,鹿和麋鹿的数量快速增长,消耗了大量的植被,减少了植物种类同时丛林狼的数量增多,园内很多的红狐被猎杀,而河狸也被赶出了公园,由此推断出灰狼的消失对公园内的生态环境产生了损害。故选A。

31.观点态度题。选B 根据最后一段最后一句中的“a valuable experiment”可知,作者认为这项工程很有价值,因此他的态度应当是积极肯定的。故选B。

 

Ⅲ.语法填空

(2018·贵州遵义航天高级中学模拟)

When I look at this picture of myself,young and true,I realize how fast time flies.I 25.have grown(grow) not only physically,but also mentally in the past few years.

I still remember that about one month after this photo 26.was taken(take),I entered my second year of high school and became 27.a new member of the school music club.Around me in the picture are the things 28.that/which were very important in my life.I 29.enjoyed(enjoy) studying different kinds of cars and planes,playing pop music,and 30.collecting(collect) the latest music albums at that time.This picture often brings back to me many happy 31.memories(memory) of my high school days.

If I 32.got(get) one more chance to be 15­year­old,I would make full use of the school time 33.to enrich (enrich) my knowledge.However,it couldn’t happen! Therefore,I do want you,young readers,to take advantage 34.of your present time.

Ⅳ.短文改错

(2018·安徽师范大学附中测试)

A big storm destroyed two villages in South Africa on last Friday,causing 4 death.Over 200 people became homeless as a result of the storm.A farmer said the storm began early in the morning and last one hour.He said,“I was in the kitchen with my wife and children while we heard a loud noise.A few minutes late,our house fell down.I managed to climb out,but much to my shocking,one of my boys were missing.I quickly went back inside and found them safe but frightened.” Soldiers came to rescue those burying under the ruins,and the government provided food,clothes,and shelters for homeless.

答案 

A big storm destroyed two villages in South Africa on last Friday,causing 4 deathdeaths.Over 200 people became homeless as a result of the storm.A farmer said the storm began early in the morning and lastlasted one hour.He said,“I was in the kitchen with my wife and children whilewhen we heard a loud noise.A few minutes latelater,our house fell down.I managed to climb out,but much to my shockingshock,one of my boys werewas missing.I quickly went back inside and found themhim safe but frightened.” Soldiers came to rescue those buryingburied under the ruins,and the government provided food,clothes,and shelters for ∧the homeless.

高考仿真模拟卷(四)

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

(2017~2018·太原市第一学期阶段测评)

Notice:Medical Alert(警报)

Dear Readers,

Medical related emergencies are on the rise with more old people living alone.More seniors are looking for an independent lifestyle and better quality of life.More than 1 in 3 people over the age of 64 will fall this year.Nearly half will not be able to get up without support.

Medical fees can increase when a person is not given timely support.You can prevent a medical disaster with our 24­hour emergency response system.Our solution is highly suggested by doctors,healthcare professionals and hospitals.

We are offering a FREE Medical Alert System to seniors or their loved ones who call now.For a limited time,there will be no set­up fees and the medical monitoring starts at less than $1 a day.The system is easy to use.The necklace pendant(饰坠) can travel with you.Our new system can detect falls automatically.

Call Toll­Free 1­800­360­0405 and gain peace of mind.There's no long­term contract.Our medical alert professionals can walk you through everything over the phone.

The first 100 callers to order will receive:

*The Free Medical Alert System($300 value).

*24 Hours a Day/7 Days a Week LIVE Monitoring and Support.

*The Free Necklace Pendant.

*No Long­term Contract.

*Free Shipping(Mention Reader's Digest).

Don't wait until after a fall to give us a call.Take advantage of this special offer now to protect yourself or a loved one.

Call now Toll­Free 1­800­231­0167 and mention Reader's Digest.

Sincerely,

Jim Nelson

1.Why are there an increasing number of medical related emergencies?

A.Old people's quality of life is down at present.

B.The old are not paying attention to their health.

C.The overall health of the old is worse than before.

D.Many old people have no one to keep them company.

2.What's the main advantage of the system mentioned in the text?

A.Preventing falls.

B.Serving as an alarm.

C.Replacing doctors.

D.Improving health and mind.

3.What benefit can the first 100 callers to order get?

A.Buy the system at $300.

B.Get a copy of Reader's Digest.

C.Have a pendant at a discount.

D.Get all­day monitoring and help.

【解题导语】本文是一篇应用文,介绍了一种可预警独居老人摔倒的医疗警报系统。

1.D 考查细节理解。根据第一段的“Medical related emergencies are on the rise with more old people living alone.More seniors are looking for an independent lifestyle”可知,更多的老年人选择独居使得与医疗相关的紧急情况增多。

2.B 考查推理判断。根据第三段的“Our new system can detect falls automatically”可知,这种系统可以自动探测到老人摔倒,主要起警报作用,并不是说可以阻止老人摔倒,故选B。

3.D 考查细节理解。根据文章中打电话购买者的前100名可得到的好处之一“24 Hours a Day/7 Days a Week LIVE Monitoring and Support”可知,打电话购买者的前100名可以得到全天候的监控和帮助。A选项错在“Buy”,根据文章中的“The Free Medical Alert System ($300 value)”可知,打电话购买者的前100名可以免费得到价值300美元的医疗警报系统;B项文章没有提及;C项错在“at a discount”,根据文中的“The Free Necklace Pendant”可知,打电话购买者的前100名可免费得到一个项链的饰坠。

B

(2017~2018·洛阳市上学期尖子生第一次联考)

I love to read before I go to sleep.It usually makes me feel calm.But a big part of this depends on what I read.I love to read Oor Wullie and The Broons.Very often I'm smiling before I go to sleep.

I decide to write about this in a blog because I find that so many of us go to sleep with stress.Before we go to sleep,we may run over the day in our minds,and worry about tomorrow.We also may watch the news on TV,read the news on our smart phones or tablets,or even answer work emails.But the news is rarely proclaiming(宣告)all the good that's happening in the world and work emails make us feel that we're still at work.All these things may leave us a stressful sleep.

Oor Wullie and The Broons are not the only things I ever read at night.I sometimes read novels but,with the odd exception,I mostly avoid anything that is too mentally taxing or stimulating late at night unless it's something that inspires me or is clearly helpful in my life.

And even if I do read something mentally stimulating,when I feel myself getting tired I lay that book down and pick up a trusty old Oor Wullie or The Broons for the last 10 or 15 minutes.Doing this makes my mind quiet and helps ensure I get a peaceful night's sleep.Reading about Wullie or Maw and Paw Broon is like a comfort blanket for me.

I'd suggest you find light­hearted reading as a comfort blanket at bedtime,especially if you find yourself stressed or depressed a lot of the time,or if you find difficulty winding at the end of a day.It is the thing that can gently turn your attention towards lightness and ease.

If your material makes you laugh,then you may feel even better.Several studies show that laughter boosts happy chemicals in the brain,it strengthens the immune system,it's good for the heart,and it is most definitely good for mental health.It even helps us improve our relationships.

And if you do happen to pick up a copy of Oor Wullie or The Broons,I hope you find it just as entertaining as I do.

4.What can we learn about Oor Wullie and The Broons?

A.They make people run over the past days.

B.They are the best books to be read before people sleep.

C.They are extremely popular with young people.

D.They make people feel relaxed and happy.

5.What can we know from the text?

A.Oor Wullie and The Broons are the author's favorite books.

B.A comfortable blanket makes people go to sleep easily.

C.The author sometimes reads something about inspirations.

D.Reading something stimulating at night helps get a peaceful sleep.

6.What is Paragraph 6 mainly about?

A.What material brings us laughter.

B.How laughter affects our health.

C.What benefits laughter brings to us.

D.Why laughter is good for us.

7.What's the main purpose of the text?

A.To show the importance of reading before sleeping.

B.To prove the importance of a good mood before sleeping.

C.To tell us how to make ourselves stay relaxed before sleeping.

D.To explain how to choose a book worthy to be read before sleeping.

【解题导语】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者通过叙述自己睡前的一些阅读习惯,告诉人们如何减少睡前的压力以及睡前保持好心情的重要性。

【难句分析】I love to read Oor Wullie and The Broons.Very often I'm smiling before I go to sleep.

分析:第二个句子中包含before引导的时间状语从句。

译文:我喜欢阅读Oor Wullie和The Broons。睡前(读这两本书时)我常常会(带着)微笑入睡。

4.D 考查细节理解。根据第一段中的“I love to read Oor Wullie and The Broons.Very often I'm smiling before I go to sleep”可知Oor Wullie和The Broons这两本书会使人们感到放松和快乐。

5.C 考查推理判断。根据第三段最后一句中的“I mostly avoid anything that is too mentally taxing or stimulating late at night unless it's something that inspires me or is clearly helpful in my life”可推知,作者有时候会阅读一些鼓舞人心的书。A项内容文章未涉及,故排除;根据第四段最后一句“Reading about Wullie or Maw and Paw Broon is like a comfort blanket for me”可知,作者只是打比方,故排除B;根据第四段第一至二句可排除D。

6.C 考查段落大意。根据第六段第一句“If your material makes you laugh,then you may feel even better”及该段的描述可知,该段的主题是笑带给我们的好处。

7.B 考查写作意图。根据第一段中的“I love to read before I go to sleep.It usually makes me feel calm”及第四段第二句“Doing this makes my mind quiet and helps ensure I get a peaceful night's sleep”可知,作者写这篇文章的目的是证明睡前有一个好心情的重要性。

C

(2018·长春市质量监测一)

Can exercise during childhood protect you against memory loss many decades later? Exercise early in life seems to have lifelong benefits for the brain,in rats at least.

“This is an animal study,but it shows that physical activity at a young age is very important—not just for physical development,but for the whole lifelong track of cognitive(认知的)development during ageing,”says Martin Wojtowicz of the University of Toronto,Canada. “In humans,it may delay the appearance of Alzheimer's disease(阿尔茨海默病),possibly to the point of preventing it.”

Wojtowicz's team divided 80 young male rats into two equal groups,and placed running wheels in the cages of one group for a period of six weeks.Around four months later—when the rats had reached middle age—the team taught all the rats to connect an electric shock with being in a specific box.When placed in the box,they froze with fear.

Two weeks later,the team tested the rats in three situations:exactly the same box in the same room,the same box with the room arranged differently,and a completely different box in a different room.

The rats without access to a running wheel when they were young now froze the same percentage of times in each of these situations,suggesting they couldn't remember which one was dangerous.But those that had been able to run in their youth froze 40 to 50 percent less in both changed box settings.

“The results suggest the amount of physical activity when we're young,at least for rats,has influence on the brain and cognitive health—in the form of better memories—when we're older,” says Arthur Kramer of Northeastern University in Boston,who has found that,in humans,exercise promotes the growth of new brain cells.

8.The study shows that ________.

A.physical activity is important for physical health

B.using the running wheels is of benefit to the rats' growth

C.physical activity can prevent humans' Alzheimer's disease

D.the more exercise a rat has when young,the better memory it will possess when older

9.How are Paragraph 3 and 4 mainly developed?

A.By analyzing causes.

B.By giving an example.

C.By describing the process.

D.By showing differences.

10.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.Exercise.     B.Development.

C.Benefit.  D.Study.

11.What is the author's attitude towards the animal study?

A.Negative.  B.Objective.

C.Critical.  D.Doubtful.

【解题导语】本文为说明文,介绍了一项科学研究,从而得出早期锻炼对大脑终身有好处的结论。

8.D 考查细节理解。根据第一段内容尤其是第二句“Exercise early in life seems to have lifelong benefits for the brain, in rats at least”可知,早期锻炼似乎对大脑终身有好处,至少对老鼠来说是这样的。故选D项。

9.C 考查写作手法。根据第三段的“Wojtowicz's team divided 80 young male rats into two equal groups...Around four months later...they froze with fear”和第四段的“Two weeks later,the team tested the rats in three situations”可知,本文第三、四段描述了Wojtowicz的研究小组对老鼠进行实验的过程。C项意为“通过描述过程”,故选C项。A项意为“通过分析原因”;B项意为“通过举例子”;D项意为“通过展示不同点”。这三项均不符合第三、四段的发展脉络。

10.A 考查代词指代。根据第二段的“but it shows that physical activity at a young age is very important”及“In humans,it may delay the appearance of Alzheimer's disease(阿尔茨海默病)”可知,身体活动很重要,对人类来说,它可能会推迟阿尔茨海默病的出现。因此“it”在文中指的是“physical activity”, A项与其同义,故选A项。

11.B 考查观点态度。通读全文可知,作者介绍了对老鼠进行实验的过程及其结果,并引用数据进行说明,由此可知作者对动物研究的态度是很客观的。B项意为“客观的”,故选B项。

D

(2017~2018·第一学期赣州市十四县(市)联考)

Some people are so rude!

Who sends an e­mail or a text message that just says “Thank you”?Who leaves a voice mail message rather than texts you?Who asks for a fact easily found on Google?Don't these people realize that they're wasting your time?

Maybe I'm the rude one for not appreciating life's little politeness.But many social agreed standards just don't make sense to people drowning in digital communication.

In texts,you don't have to declare who you are or even say hello.E­mail,too,is slower than a text.Voice mail is a now impolite way of trying to connect.

My father learned this lesson after leaving me a dozen voice mail messages,none of which I listened to.Exasperated,he called my sister to express his dissatisfaction that I never returned his phone calls.“Why are you leaving him voice mail?” my sister asked.“Just text him.”

In the age of the smartphone,there is no reason to ask once­acceptable questions about:the weather forecast,a business's phone number,or directions to a house,a restaurant,which can be easily found on Google Maps.But people still ask these things.And when you answer,they respond with a thank­you e­mail.

How to handle these differing standards?Easy.Consider your audience.Some people,especially older ones,appreciate a thank­you message.Others,like me,want no reply.

The anthropologist(人类学家)Margaret Mead once said that in traditional societies,the young learn from the old.But in modern societies,the old can also learn from the young.Here's hoping that politeness never goes out of fashion but that time­wasting forms of communication do.

12.What does the underlined word “Exasperated” mean in the fifth paragraph?

A.Worried.  B.Surprised.

C.Annoyed.  D.Tired.

13.Why didn't the writer reply to his father?

A.He liked text messages better.

B.He enjoyed checking his voice mail.

C.He didn't receive any voice mail messages.

D.He didn't want to talk with his father.

14.Which of the following does the writer agree to?

A.People needn't learn from one another in traditional societies.

B.Dealing with voice mail should vary with each individual.

C.People needn't turn to Google for help when in trouble.

D.Declaring who you are or saying hello in texts is necessary.

15.What's the best title of this passage?

A.Nowadays:what should we do with text messages?

B.Nowadays:do you like leaving others a voice message?

C.Nowadays:what means should we use in communication?

D.Nowadays:do you need a thank­you message?

【解题导语】本文是一篇议论文,主要讨论了如今在智能手机时代,人们应该选择何种方式进行沟通。

【难句分析】Here's hoping that politeness never goes out of fashion but that time­wasting forms of communication do.

分析:本句是一个复合句。两个that引导宾语从句,在从句中不作句子成分。

译文:希望礼貌永远不会过时,但是浪费时间的沟通方式会过时。

12.C 考查词义猜测。根据第五段第二句的“he called my sister to express his dissatisfaction that I never returned his phone calls”可知,作者的父亲对作者不给自己回电话很不满,由此可推知exasperated意思是“恼怒的,生气的”,故选C。

13.A 考查推理判断。根据第五段中的“‘Why are you leaving him voice mail?’my sister asked.‘Just text him.’”可推知,作者不喜欢用语音信箱,更偏爱发短信,故选A。

14.B 考查推理判断。根据第七段的内容可推知,标准是变化的,处理方式应该因人而异,而不是一刀切,语音信箱的使用亦是如此,故选B。A项错在传统社会中的人们不需要向他人学习,这与最后一段第一句“The anthropologist(人类学家)Margaret Mead once said that in traditional societies,the young learn from the old”相悖;C项错在人们有麻烦不需要借助Google,这与第六段的内容不符;D项错在在短信里表明你是谁或问好是有必要的,这与第四段第一句“In texts, you don't have to declare who you are or even say hello”相悖,故排除。

15.C 考查标题判断。根据对文章内容的整体理解可知,第三段引入本文话题,最后两段点题总结,本文主要讨论的是如今(在智能手机时代)我们应该用何种方式沟通,故选C项。A项错在只提及了现在我们应该如何应对短信,这忽略了文章中有关语音信息的内容,有以偏概全之嫌;B项错在只提及了你是否喜欢留语音信息给他人,这也只是文章的一部分,而非全部;D项错在现在是否需要留感谢信息,这只是文章中提到的一小部分内容,而非文章主旨,故排除。

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

(2017~2018·洛阳市上学期尖子生第一次联考)

Getting out into the great outdoors is an even better idea than you think.__1__ It also creates some wonderful summer memories for your family.Need more convincing evidence?There are some benefits of camping as a family,including how it's great for your health.

It's good exercise.Let's not forget the most obvious benefit of camping. __2__ Even if you're taking a fishing trip,you're burning more calories than you'll burn sitting indoors.And if you hike or bike,you're performing cardiovascular(心血管的)exercise that will help keep your heart and lungs healthy.

__3__ You've probably tried unplugging the TV at home,but short of throwing it out of the window,because kids are going to watch more than we want them to.Out in the wild,there is no television.You'll watch nature together,go exploring,and have that one­on­one attention you need as a family.

It is a good way to truly connect with nature.Too often we take nature for granted.In fact,spending a few days in nature with the family will teach your kids thins they may have never known before.__4__ However,in the wild they will learn how to build a fire,catch fish,see animal habitats,and all the natural architecture nature offers.

You have no stress after the camping.Vacations can be stressful.Sometimes when you get home from vacations,you need another rest for your last vacation.__5__ You'll get home feeling energetic.It's even better than a cup of coffee.

A.You can stay away from TV.

B.They may know how to work an iPad.

C.You'll meet new challenges each time.

D.Sure,it saves some money if you stays in a camper.

E.You're spending a lot of time performing physical activities.

F.Many campers report better sleep cycles when they return from a trip.

G.But once you settle into camping with your family,the stress of every day will disappear.

【解题导语】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了和家人一起进行户外活动的好处。

【段意梳理】 第一段:点明和家人一起进行户外活动会带来好处。

第二至五段:具体介绍了和家人进行户外活动的好处。

1.D 上文说走出去到户外比你想象的还要好,下文说它也能为你的家人创造一些美好的夏日回忆。D项“如果你待在一个野营车里,这当然会为你节省钱”符合语境,且下文的“camping”也是提示,故选D。

2.E 本段的主题为“它是很好的锻炼”,而E项“你正在花费很多时间进行体育锻炼”是对下文具体内容的概括,符合语境,故选E。

3.A 空处是段落主题句。本段主要讲到户外活动可以使你和家人远离电视,而A项“你能远离电视”概括准确,符合语境,故选A。

4.B 上文说“事实上和家人一起在大自然中度过几天会教会你的孩子他们之前可能不知道的事情”,再结合空后一句可知,空处应讲孩子在室内会的事情,B项“他们可能会操作iPad”,空处前后形成语义上的衔接,故选B。

5.G 本段的主题是露营后你会没有压力,且根据本段中的描述可知,G项“但是,一旦你适应和家人一起露营,每天的压力就会消失”符合语境,故选G。

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

(2018·南宁市高三摸底考试)

On the night of October 16th,coming up at ten o'clock, my mother prepared what would be my father's last meal.That week he worked __1__ shifts.He started at midnight.

Just after 2 am,the group went for coffee.There was a __2__ that always had to be operated and he said,“It's okay.You guys all __3__ and I'll work it.”

The machine would __4__ quickly,occasionally,for one moment Dad made a __5__—he didn't pay attention, and his head was stuck in the machine.In panic,the workers __6__ back and cut the base of the machine and transported it with him in the ambulance.

Mother was __7__ that there was an accident and to meet at the __8__.My oldest brother Ken,then sixteen, __9__mother there,and my other brother Bob,then fourteen,stayed with me at home.Father died on the road.

When we were overcome with the __10__,a spokesperson for the hospital __11__ my mother if they could take one of my father's eyes—they had a person __12__ it.My mother replied,“Yes!”

Years later,in the late summer,I was at the Woodlawn Cemetery where my father's body rests.As I finished __13__ and stood,a man from behind me said,“How are you now,Frank?”

Knowing only the __14__,and his friends and co­workers called him “Frank”,I __15__ thought that this man must have __16__ him.As I turned to face him,I replied,“He's my father.”

This man,Frank Bazylak,as I would learn later,replied, “I __17__ with your father for a short time,just over a year,but he made an impact on my life.He was so powerful,so __18__ and so giving.You know,he wasn't meant to be there that day.But that was Frank.”

Almost four decades later and from a __19__,there in the cemetery.I'd heard __20__ stories about my father.

1.A.morning             B.noon

C.night              D.afternoon

2.A.duty                B.job

C.truck              D.machine

3.A.stay                B.go

C.hide               D.watch

4.A.move               B.break

C.change            D.fly

5.A.decision            B.difference

C.life               D.mistake

6.A.walked             B.rushed

C.looked            D.turned

7.A.warned             B.minded

C.informed          D.threatened

8.A.factory             B.office

C.hospital           D.workplace

9.A.comforted           B.urged

C.calmed            D.drove

10.A.sorrow             B.incident

C.trouble           D.treatment

11.A.suggested          B.asked

C.puzzled          D.embarrassed

12.A.caring about        B.suffering from

C.turning to         D.waiting for

13.A.blessing            B.missing

C.praying           D.chatting

14.A.family             B.doctors

C.company         D.policemen

15.A.slowly             B.quickly

C.nervously         D.carefully

16.A.respected           B.loved

C.recognized        D.known

17.A.discussed           B.quarreled

C.worked           D.agreed

18.A.clever             B.considerate

C.modest           D.strict

19.A.stranger            B.friend

C.colleague         D.brother

20.A.wonderful          B.cheerful

C.sad              D.false

【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。作者的爸爸在工厂发生事故后去世,妈妈在医院同意捐献他的一只眼睛。最后通过与一位陌生人的对话说明了父亲的美德。

【核心词汇】shift n.轮班 operate v.操作,动手术 occasionally adv.偶尔,间或 stuck adj.卡住的,无法移动的 panic n.恐慌 transport v.运输 overcome vt.克服,控制 co­worker n.同事 impact n.作用,影响 decade n.十年

1.C 根据第一段第一句中的“On the night”和空后的“He started at midnight”可知,爸爸应该是上夜班。所以选C。

2.D 根据空后的“had to be operated”和“I'll work it”可知,此处应是一台机器需要一直有人操作。另外第三段第一句中的“The machine would __4__ quickly”也是提示。

3.B 根据第二段第一句中的“the group went for coffee”以及最后一句中的“I'll work it”可推断,此处指离开(去喝咖啡),故选B项。

4.A 根据语境可知,此处是指这台机器运转(move)很快。

5.D 根据空后内容可知,此处指爸爸犯了一个错误。

6.B 根据上文可知,其他人都去喝咖啡了,所以爸爸的头卡在机器里时,他们应该是快速赶(rushed)回。

7.C 根据常识可知,爸爸发生事故,这时应是通知妈妈到医院去,所以选C。warn“警告,提醒”;mind“介意”;inform“告知,通知”;threaten“威胁,恐吓”。

8.C 参见上题解析。

9.D 根据语境并结合选项可知,妈妈要到医院去,所以哥哥开车送妈妈去那里。comfort“安慰”;urge“催促”;calm“使平静”;drive“驾车送(人)”。

10.A 根据上文可知,父亲的去世使我们处于悲痛之中。be overcome with...“受到……的极大影响”。

11.B 根据空后内容可知,此处应是询问(asked)妈妈的意见。puzzle“使困惑”;embarrass“使窘迫”。

12.D 根据语境可以推断,此处是指一个病人(一直)在等待(waiting for)(有人捐献)眼睛来治疗(自己的眼睛)。care about“关心”;suffer from“遭受”;turn to“转向,求助于”。

13.C 根据空前的“at the Woodlawn Cemetery”并结合生活常识可知,“我”在墓地完成祷告(praying)。bless“祝福,保佑”。

14.A 根据空后内容并结合语境可知,“我”知道只有家人、爸爸的朋友和同事叫他Frank。所以选项A符合语境。company“同伴”。

15.B 根据上文内容可知,“我”应是迅速地(quickly)认为这个人一定是认识(known)爸爸的。nervously“神经紧张地”。

16.D 参见上题解析。

17.C 根据空后的“for a short time,just over a year, but he made an impact on my life”和下文中的“he wasn't meant to be there that day”可推知,这个人应该是爸爸的同事,所以空处应指与爸爸一起工作过。quarrel“吵架”。

18.B 根据空前的“powerful”和空后的“giving”同时结合上文已经介绍的爸爸让所有的同事去喝咖啡,自己一个人留下操作机器以及倒数第二段最后一句可知,爸爸也是一个体贴的(considerate)人。modest“谦虚的”。

19.A 根据文章倒数第二至三段可知,“我”在墓地遇到的人于“我”而言是一位陌生人。colleague“同事”。

20.A 本段是结尾段,也是全文的总结性段落,根据倒数第二段内容可知,文章主要介绍了爸爸的优秀品质。故此处应指“我”听到了令人惊叹的故事。wonderful“令人惊叹的”符合语境。

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

(2018·惠州市第二次调研)

A woman suddenly __1__(go)blind in one eye after playing a mobile phone game for a whole week in Guangdong province last month.The unnamed woman admitted to __2__ (regular)playing the game for seven or eight hours without moving and finally lost __3__(she)right eyesight.

The game,Arena of Valor, __4__(know)as Honor of Kings,has become hugely popular in China and is due to be released across the US and Europe.Being __5__ world's most popular online battle game,it already has over 200 million players in China.The battle game __6__(put)together a team of five players who have to fight others in a fantasy land filled __7__ characters,and players can buy extra features while playing.

The eye injury follows a series of __8__(incident).In June,a child in Shenzhen stole 30,000 yuan(£3,450) from his parents to buy add­ons,and a 13­year­old in Hangzhou,severely injured his legs after jumping from a five­storey building to escape from his father __9__ was trying to stop him playing.

In a country in which 60 percent of the population has a smartphone,the game has been highly __10__ (success),partly because it is free to play.

【解题导语】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了广东的一位女士因玩手机游戏而使右眼失明的事件,并分析了一款手机游戏的特点、受欢迎的原因等。

1.went 考查时态。该句中的时间状语为last month,所以此处用一般过去时。

2.regularly 考查副词。此处表示“这位不知姓名的女士承认经常一动不动地玩七八个小时的游戏”。此处应用副词修饰动词playing,故填regularly。

3.her 考查人称代词。根据空后的“right eyesight”可知,此处应用形容词性物主代词修饰名词,故填her。

4.known 考查非谓语动词。此处表示“这款名为Arena of Valor的游戏,通称为《王者荣耀》,在中国很受欢迎”。be known as“被称为”,此处known为过去分词作定语。

5.the 考查冠词。此处表示“它成为世界上最受欢迎的网络对战游戏,在中国已经拥有超过两亿的玩家”。形容词最高级前应用定冠词the。

6.puts 考查时态。因为此处描述的是客观存在的情况,所以用一般现在时,又因主语为第三人称单数,故填puts。

7.with 考查介词。此处表示“这款对战游戏由五名玩家组建一个队,他们不得不在一片充满很多人物的虚构土地上与其他人战斗”。be filled with意为“充满,装满”,此处filled为过去分词作定语。

8.incidents 考查名词复数。根据固定结构“a series of+可数名词复数”可知,此处用名词的复数。

9.who 考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,此处是定语从句,先行词为father,又因关系代词在从句中作主语,所以此处用关系代词who引导定语从句。

10.successful 考查形容词。此处表示“这款游戏已经非常成功,在一定程度上是由于它是免费的”。此处用形容词successful作表语。

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

(2018·长春市质量检测一)

Dear Bill,

How time flies!I went back to school and begin my lesson last month.It will be ten months before I attend the College Entrance Examination,that makes me worried.I failed pass the English test last term because of I had difficulty with it.I will never give up and determine to give myself the second chance to pass them.I will ask my teachers and friends for advices on how to improve it and work out a detailed plan.Besides,I will make fully use of time.Do you have any good ideas?Tell me or I will be grateful to you.

I'm looking forward to hear from you.

Yours,

Li Hua

【答案】

Dear Bill,

How time flies!I went back to school and beginbegan my lesson last month.It will be ten months before I attend the College Entrance Examination,thatwhich makes me worried.I failed ∧to pass the English test last term because     I had difficulty with it.I will never give up and determine to give myself thea second chance to pass themit.I will ask my teachers and friends for advicesadvice on how to improve it and work out a detailed plan.Besides,I will make fullyfull use of time.Do you have any good ideas?Tell me orand I will be grateful to you.

I'm looking forward to hearhearing from you.

Yours,

Li Hua

第一处:begin改为began。考查动词时态。根据句中时间状语last month可知,此处描述的是发生在过去的事情,所以应用一般过去时。

第二处:that改为which。考查定语从句。此处是非限制性定语从句,that不能引导非限制性定语从句,且从句中缺少主语,先行词为整个句子,所以关系词应该用which。

第三处:fail后加to。考查固定搭配。fail to do sth.是固定用法,表示“未能做成某事”。

第四处:删除because后的of。考查介词。because of后面跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,文中其后跟的是从句,应用because来引导,故删除of。

第五处:the改为a。考查冠词。该处表示“再给自己一次机会”,a second chance表示“再一次机会”。

第六处:them改为it。考查代词。该处表示“通过英语考试”,应用it代指英语考试。

第七处:advices改为advice。考查名词。advice是不可数名词,故把advices改为advice。

第八处:fully改为full。考查形容词。该句中的名词use应用形容词修饰,所以把fully改为full。make full use of“充分利用”。

第九处:or改为and。考查并列连词。此处表示“告诉我(你的建议),我将不胜感激”。“祈使句+and+句子”,and表示顺承关系;“祈使句+or+句子”,or表示“否则”。

第十处:hear改为hearing。考查动名词。look forward to短语中to是介词,后面跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语。

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

(2018·长春市普通高中质量监测一)

假设你是李华,校学生会主席,想邀请外教Henry先生一起参加学校举办的中秋节晚会。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.介绍写邮件的目的;

2.晚会的时间和地点:9月30日晚6点、学校报告厅;

3.晚会内容:同学们表演节目、吃月饼和赏月。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Mr.Henry,

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【范文赏读】

Dear_Mr.Henry,

I'm Li Hua,Chairman of Students' Union.It's a great honour for me,on behalf of my fellow union members,to invite you to attend our party.①The Mid­Autumn Festival is around the corner,which is a time for family members and loved ones to get together.

②To celebrate this Chinese traditional festival,a party will be held at the lecture hall of our school at 6 p.m.on Sep.30th.At the party there will be a lot of performances and we will enjoy a variety of delicious foods,including mooncakes,watermelons,grapes and so on,while admiring the fullest and roundest moon.

We can't wait to see you!

Yours_sincerely,

Li_Hua

【一句多译】

①The Mid­Autumn Festival,a time for family members and loved ones to get together,is drawing near.

②We will hold a party at the lecture hall of our school at 6 p.m.on Sep.30th in order to celebrate this Chinese traditional festival.

以上由安徽淮南一对一英语高三英语一轮复习资料

淮南一对一英语高三英语一轮复习资料转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/984.html

上一篇:淮南英语一对一培训高考英语周周测(二)
下一篇:淮南英语1对1辅导解析高考必考语法知识点感叹句