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淮南中考英语辅导培训班 中考语法解题策略

淮南中考英语辅导培训班 中考语法解题策略

一. 考察内容

中考英语语法题的考点主要分布在:名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、冠词、连词、介词、情态动词;时态、语态及各种不同的从句上。
淮南中考英语辅导班,淮南中考英语培训班,中考语法解题策略

二.考察特点

A 词法理解 

例:--      do you like best?  B

  --Orange ,because orange can bring me success.

A why    B what  C where   D how 

B 句法理解

  例:---Can you tell me       ?

      --- I think it’s his.   C

A where he lives      B where does he live  

C whose dictionary is      D how old he is 

C 句义理解

 例:Believe it or not , more than half of our body weight       water.

A comes across   B comes from    C comes by    D comes  to  B

D情景运用

  例:I don’ t like that book, so I should say “     ” to the man in the bookshop.

A Take it easy   B It’s terrible    C Could you show me something else  C

E 图片标记 

 例: ---Where can we go into the trade center?

--- Haven’t you seen the sign      over there?  C

淮南中考英语辅导班,淮南中考英语培训班,中考语法解题策略

三.方法技巧  

A 逐一排除

例:--How often do you go back to your hometown?

--      . D

A Since three weeks ago     B For three weeks

C In three weeks           D Every three weeks    

B分析比较

例:--      is Tony’s opinion about English food?

--Delicious  D

A How    B Why    C Where    D What    

C 逻辑推理

例:       fathers are both scientists.  B

A Jim’s and Bob    B Jim’s and Bob’s  

C Jim and Bob’s    C Jim and Bob

D 固定搭配

例:He find it hard     his class.D

A to catch up  B catch up with  C catch up   D to catch up with 

专题二    动词时态和语态

★知识点回顾精讲

考点: (一)一般现在时 & 一般过去时;

     (二)现在完成时&过去完成时;

   (三)现在进行时 & 过去进行时;

   (四)一般将来时 & 过去将来时;

      (五)动词的语态;

★重难点提要

      (一)动词与动词词组;

     (二)动词时态;

   (三)行为动词连系动词;

   

 (一)一般现在时 & 一般过去时

 1.一般现在时的基本用法:

①经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语从句连用。

例如:She leaves home for school at 7 every morning.

②客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如:The earth moves around the sun.

③表示格言或警句。例如:Pride goes before a fall(骄兵必败)

④现在时刻的状态、能力、性格或个性.如:I don’t want so much.

⑤在时间状语从句或条件状语从句中,一般现在时代替一般将来时。例如:

I’ll help you as soon as you have problem.

 

★考点剖析:历年真题

⑴—Dad, my PC player_____.

  -Don’t worry,let’s go and have it repaired . 

  A.is missing   B.is broken    C.was stolen       D.was lost 

⑵My pet dog sometimes makes a lot of noise and_____me when I do my homework.                       

  A.shows   B.disturbs C.remembers  D.refuses

⑶Usually,Betty _____ a colorful T-shirt in summer.

  A.wears      B.is dressing    C.is wearing     D.dresses

⑷Happiness _____ in her grandmother’s eyes everytime he hears his voice.

  A.shines            B.is shone 

  C.has shone          D.is coming;arrive

⑸—Nancy,don’t always      that old jacket.It looks terrible.

--But I think it’s cool,Mom.            

  A.wear     B.put on       C.take off       D.dress

⑹—Nancy,it’s too hot.Put the fish in the fridge, or it will     bad?

  --OK,Mum. 

A.go     B.change     C.feel     D.keep             

⑺—What do you do?                            

  --I’m an engineer.I___in a company in Wuhan.I like my job.

  A.work     B.had worked     C.will work      D.worked

(8)Mrs Liu is kind and always     her help to others.

 

A shares   B receives   C makes   D offers  

淮南中考英语辅导班,淮南中考英语培训班,中考语法解题策略

2.一般过去时

☆基本用法:表示过去某一时刻或一段时间内所发生的动作或情况,通常带有表示动作发生的时间的词、词组或从句,如yesterday,the day before yesterday,last week,two days ago,several years ago等。常考知识点总结:①表示过去经常反复发生的动作。如:I worked in that company lat year;②与“used”连用表示过去经常发生而现在不再发生的动作或存在的状态.如:I used to go fishing on Sundays.

★考点剖析:历年真题

⑴—What do you think of Mr Read’s speech?  

  --He      for nearly two hours but didn’t     anything important .

A.spoke ;speak      B.said; say

C.spoke;say         D.said; spoke

⑵Peter was so careless that he     the books on the shelf.            

  A.knocked over          B.knocked at   

  C.knocked on            D.knocked into

⑶—I got up late this morning,so I    the early bus.                       

  --What a pity!

  A.caught     B.failed   C.missed   D.took

⑷—Hi,Kate.You looked tired.What’s the matter.

  --I     last night                  

  A.didn’t sleep    B.don’t sleep   C.haven’t sleep    D.won’t sleep

⑸Sandy said she     the keys on the playground the day before yesterday. 

  A.forgot     B.left        C.had forgotten      D.had left

(6)—When     your mother      you that blue dress ,Mary?

   --Sorry, I really can’t remember.  

  A.does;buy    B.has; bought    C.had; bought  D.did; buy

 

(二)现在完成时 & 过去完成时;

 1.现在完成时

 基本用法:①现在完成时表示在说话之前已经完成或刚完成的动作。例如:

 I have bought a new bicycle;   ②表示动作从过去开始持续到现在,或者还有可能持续下去的动作或状态。常与for和since连用。例如:They have waited for more than two hours.    特别要注意一般过去时与现在完成时的差异。

★考点剖析:历年真题

⑴--    did your uncle leave his hometown?

  -- He      for nearly twenty years. 

   A.When; has left   B.When; has been away                     

C.How long; has left        D.How long; has been away

⑵—Kitty ,will you go to see the film The story of Qiuju this evening?

  --No ,I won’t .I      it already.  

  A.saw         B.have seen              

 C.see         D.will see

⑶You don’t have to describe her.I    her several times. 

 

A.had met    B.have met   C.met    D.meet

⑷—Where  is Sam ?

  --He     for France .He will stay there for a month. 

   A.had left     B.has left     C.left     D.will leave

⑸—Bad luck!It’s too late!

  -- It doesn’t matter.The movie     for only a few minutes.You can’t miss it. 

   A.has began            B.has been on                 

   C.began                D.was on

 ⑹Our hometown      changed a lot in the past few years.                

   A.changed   B.has changed    C.changes   D.is changing 

⑺The new house we built       many problems. 

   A.has brought      B.can bring    C.has caused   D.has to cause

 

2.过去完成时—表示过去某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或所处的状态。例如:We had already learned two thousand words by the end of last year.

⑴—Did you wash your clothes?

  --No, I was going to wash my clothes but I      visitors.

  A.have had     B.have     C.had     D.will have

⑵When she got to school ,she realized she      her backpack at home.

  A.have forgotten   B.have left   C.had forgotten    D.had left

 

 (三) 现在进行时 & 过去进行时;

1. 现在进行时的。基本用法:①表示说话者说话时正在发生或进行的动作,注重现在正在进行的动作,而不管动作从什么时间开始,到什么时间结束。例如:--What are you doing now?  --I am looking for my key;   ②表示目前一段时间内正在进行的动作

(但说话时这个动作不一定在进行)如:They are preparing for the exam.

★考点剖析:历年真题

⑴What nice weather! The children     kites in the playground now.

 

  A.fly   B.are flying     C.flew   

⑵—They____about Super Voice Girl. Let’s join them.

  --Good idea.

A.talk     B.are talking     C.have talked    D.talked

⑶—Shall we go shopping now?            

  --Sorry,I can’t.I___my skirts.

  A.wash       B.washes     C.washed     D.am washing 

⑷Charlie can’t go with us because he____a professor around our company.

  A.shows   B.was showing   C.has shown    D.is showing

                       

2.过去进行时

 基本用法:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。例如:I was watching TV

 When she came to see me. 注意过去进行时与一般过去时的区别。

★考点剖析:历年真题

⑴ I saw Lisa in the street yesterday,but she didn’t see me .

She    the other way.         

  A. was looking     B.is looking     C.looked    D.has looked

⑵—What did the teacher say just now? 

--Sorry, I didn’t catch it.I      something else.

  A.think              B.will think              

  C.was thinking       D.had thought

⑶I___my homework while my parents____TV last night.  

  A.did;have watched          B.was doing;were watching

  C.had done;were watching    D.would do;were watching

⑷—Did you see the traffic accident yesterday?     

  --Yes.It happened when I___¬____past the museum.

  A.walk    B.am walking    C.will walk    D.was walking

 

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