手机版| 英语课堂| 个人中心| 注册| 登录 关注云教 关注订阅号
您的位置: 淮南英语培训机构 > 寒假辅导 > 高中寒假辅导 > 感悟高考英语之形容词和副词点拨寒假高考冲刺

感悟高考英语之形容词和副词点拨寒假高考冲刺

感悟高考英语之形容词和副词点拨寒假高考冲刺

形容词和副词是每年高考英语必考知识点之一,近几年考点难度加大。

高频考点:1.形容词和副词的语法功能。形容词在句中一般作定语、表语、补语,而副词在句中主要作状语。

2. 形容词和副词的位置问题形容词常作定语。                                          

3. 考查–ed形容词和-ing形容词的区别。

4. 考查两种不同形式的副词的用法差异。

5. 考查形容词和副词的比较等级。等等。
高考英语形容词,高考英语副词,寒假高考冲刺

主要考查形式:

1. 阅读理解,完形填空题目主要考查形容词,副词在具体的语境中形容词与副词的语义,褒贬色彩,主题话语,态度倾向等。

2.语法填空和改错主要考查形容词,副词在具体的语境中语法功能,词性,词形变化等。

具体实例解析如下:

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)It is ________(certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal.

【答案】certainly 此处修饰形容词fun,因此用副词形式。

2.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Steam engines were used to pull the carriages and it must have been  ________  (fair) unpleasant for the passengers, with all the smoke and noise.

【答案】fairly 修饰形容词unpleasant应用副词。

3.(2017·浙江卷6月)But something made her look closer, and she noticed a  ________  (shine) object.

【答案】shiny/shining 根据空格后的object可知,此处应用形容词作定语,故填shiny或shining。

4.(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify(识别) those of  ________ (great) and less importance.

【答案】greater 句意:如果你因工作上的责任感到压抑,你应该后退一步,并且识别一下这些工作中哪些更重要,哪些不那么重要。根据句意以及little的比较级less的提示可知空格处应用形容词great的比较级greater。

5.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)The Central London Railway was one of the most ________(success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900.

【答案】successful 此处是“one of+the+形容词的最高级”结构,表示“最……的之一”,故用successful。

6.(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)Recent studies show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks ________(regular).

【答案】regularly 此处修饰动词短语take short breaks,需用副词。
高考英语形容词,高考英语副词,寒假高考冲刺

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. ________ 

【答案】earlier→early 此处没有比较的含义,仅表示主语习惯性的行为,应用early。

2.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left.________

【答案】去掉much 句法错误,意义重复。这句话中含有so...that...(如此……以至于……)结构,so和much表达的意思重复。故much在此处是多余的,去掉much。

3.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, which is on the rooftop of their house.________

【答案】interesting→interested 词法错误。interesting意为“有趣的”,多指事物;interested意为“感兴趣的”,多指人。因为是描述主语they的心理状态,所以应把interesting改为interested。be interested in...意为“对……感兴趣”。

4.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Beside, they often get some useful information from the Internet. ________ 

【答案】Beside→Besides beside是介词,此处需要副词,故用besides,表示“除……之外(还)”。

5.(全国卷Ⅰ)Nearly five years before, and with the help of our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. ________ 

【答案】before→ago before和一段时间连用常表示过去某时间之前;ago和一段时间连用则表示在多长时间之前。根据句意可知,指大约在五年前,故用ago。

6.(2016·浙江卷)When I was a very young child, my father created a regular practice I remember well years late. ________ 

【答案】late→later 句意:当我还是个小孩子时,我爸爸创造一个定期的活动,这个活动我很多年之后依然记忆清晰。本句中混用了late与later,前者为形容词“迟到,迟做”或副词“迟,晚”,后者为副词“后来”。“一段时间+later”表示这段时间之后。

7.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)Instead, he hopes that his business will grow steady. ________ 

【答案】steady→steadily grow是谓语动词,故用副词修饰。

8.(2015·陕西卷)My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decided to ask her for help. ________ 

【答案】better→best 根据句子后面的限定范围in the world可知,此处应用最高级。

高考英语形容词,高考英语副词,寒假高考冲刺

感悟高考英语之形容词和副词点拨寒假高考冲刺转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/83.html

免费预约试听

上一篇:高考英语短文改错做题方法和技巧
下一篇:淮南寒假英语补习班高三年级全七册词汇拓展检测卷