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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高一辅导 > 淮南高一英语如何辅导真题解析与答案

淮南高一英语如何辅导真题解析与答案

淮南高一英语如何辅导真题解析与答案

单元检测:Unit5

第一部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

A

At the end of March, the Red Cross called back. Six different blood elements were tested; Jennie matched five completely and was about a 3/4 match of the sixth. She was the best match.

In April, Jennie went for a complete physical exam by one of the doctors who would perform the operation. The doctor had to make sure that it would be no threat to her. The doctor told her that the operation would entail (需要) having two quarts of bone marrow(骨髓) taken out from her hip bones. Jennie could probably leave the hospital the same day the operation took place and should expect to be sore(疼痛的) for a couple of months.

“I didn’t think it was that big a deal until I realized I was a match,” Jennie said. “There wasn’t a question in my head. It didn’t seem like something that was going above and beyond.”

Jennie was left two little scars on her lower back from the operation. She still felt a great deal of pressure on her lower back. “Being only 21, I feel like I am not old enough to significantly impact someone’s life,” Jennie said. “It seems odd(奇特的) to me that I could possibly save this overseas woman’s life which was being cut short by cancer.”

Three weeks after the operation, Jennie received a call from the Red Cross representative who told her the transplant was successful. “ I feel good, and I think it would actually work for her,” she said. “So many people say they’d only donate if the bone marrow is for a family member or a close friend. This woman is someone’s family and someone’s friend. Obviously no one she knows is a match, and the fact that you’d be able to help a perfect stranger is great.”

1 Before Jennie knew she was the best match, her feeling could best be described as “________”.

A  calm    B  excited     C  frightened      D  nervous

2 The underlined word “impact” in Paragraph 4 most probably means “______________”.

 A. enjoy the beauty of something      B. have an important effect on something

C. devote all one’s life to something    D. end the dangerous practice of something

3 According to the last paragraph, Jennie would probably agree that ____________.

 A .everyone should donate their bone marrow to a stranger. 

B .a family member is more important than a friend.

C .more people should donate bone marrow.

D .there is no need to help a relative or a friend.

4 What can we learn about the woman helped by Jennie?

 A.She has no relatives or friends.      B .She and Jennie live in the same country.

C.She used to work for the Red Cross.  D.She was diagnosed(诊断) with cancer.

淮南高一英语如何辅导

B

First aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillful medical treatment is available. First aid may save a life or improve certain vital signs including pulse, temperature, a clear airway, and breathing. In minor emergencies, first aid may prevent a victim’s condition from worsening and provide relief from pain. First aid must be given as quickly as possible. In the case of seriously injured, a few minutes can make the difference between complete recovery and loss of life.

First aid measures depend upon a victim’s needs and provider’s level of knowledge and skill. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. Improperly moving a person with a neck injury , for example, can lead to permanent spinal(脊柱的) injury and paralysis( 瘫痪)。

Despite the variety of injuries possible, several basic rules of first aid apply to all emergencies. The first step is to call for professional medical help. The victim, if conscious(有意识的), should be reassured that medical aid has been requested, and ask for permission to provide any first aid. Next, assess the scene, asking other people or the injured person’s family or friends about details of the injury or illness, any care that may have already been given, and preexisting conditions such as diabetes(糖尿病) or heart trouble. The victim should be checked for the medical card that describes special medical conditions. Unless the accident scene becomes unsafe or the victim may suffer further injury, do not move the victim.

First aid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether life-threatening conditions exist. One method for assessing a victims condition is known by ABC, which stands for:

 A---Airway: is it open and clear?

 B---Breathing: is the person breathing? Look, listen, and feel for breathing.

 C---Circulation: is there a pulse? Is the person bleeding extremely?

Check skin color and temperature for additional indications of circulation problems.

5.Before we give first aid to a victim, it is very important for us to_______________.

A. make sure what to do and what not to do    

B. refer to all kinds of handbooks on first aid

C. remove the ring or bracelet he/she may be wearing  

D. take him/her to a hospital at once

6. According to this article, first aid is usually provided by _______________

 A. professional doctors       

B. the victim’s family members

C. the victim’s friends     

D . those who are not necessarily professional doctors

7. Which of the following is NOT true when you assess a victim’s condition?

 A. Checking whether there is a pulse. 

 B. Looking, listening and feeling for breathing.

C. Replacing his/her medical card.      

D. Examining whether the airway is open and clear.

8.The purpose of the passage is to tell readers___________.

 A. the importance of protecting the accident scene. 

 B. some basic knowledge about first aid.

C. what professional medical help is.            

 D. who can give first aid.

C

 Macdonald paused a moment in front of the burning car. Flames six feet tall poured from the engine, the smell of melting rubber heavy in the air. For a few seconds, Macdonald thought about whether the car would explode, killing them both. He thought about how lucky he was to have already just survived a head-on collision between his truck and the red Chevy Cobalt now in flames. Was he ready to risk his life to save the man that he believed could have ended his?

 The two-vehicle collision happened at 3:44 p.m. on Monday south of New market. Macdonald was heading to work when he says another car swerved into his lane, hitting him head-on. Soon after the collision, the other driver’s car burst into flames with him trapped inside. Macdonald, 25, came to a decision. He would try to save the man’s life. He ran to the car. The driver’s side door was blocked but the passenger’s door was pushed open by the driver, a 64-year-old man now barely conscious. Hardly noticing the heat, Macdonald opened the door and grabbed the shoulder of the driver’s jacket. He dragged the man about 15 feet before two bystanders came to help him pull the man to a safe distance. Moments later the entire car was on fire.

  The police confirmed the other driver was charged with careless driving. Macdonald escaped the crash with whiplash, sore muscles and wrists from the airbag release, and a headache. The other driver received serious but non-life threatening injuries, said the police.

  Macdonald is just grateful that both of them came out alive. “I’m just glad I stood up when I was needed,” said Macdonald. “You only get a couple of chances in your life to prove what you are made of.”

9.From the passage we know MacDonald is ______.

A. brave and helpful          B. generous but careless

C. grateful and kind           D. selfish but careful

10.The accident happened because ______.

A. there was a car burning   B. the rubber was melting

C. the driver was careless    D. the driver was screaming

11.Before MacDonald saved the man, he ______.

   A. found his car was greatly damaged    

B. doubted whether he should offer help

C. was not hurt in the accident at all      

D. didn’t realize the danger of rescue

12.The underlined word “swerved”(Paragraph 2) means “______”.

   A. turned     B. knocked       C. cut      D. broke

高一英语如何辅导

D

External bleeding

Apply direct pressure. Place a clean, folded cloth over the injured area and firmly apply pressure. If blood soaks through, do not remove it. Instead, cover that cloth with another one and continue to apply pressure to the wound for 7~10 minutes. If the bleeding is from the ear, place a clean bandage over the ear, lay the victim on his side, and allow the blood to drain out through the bandage.

  Elevate the injury. Position the wounded part of the body above the level of the heart if possible while you apply direct pressure.

  Know the pressure points. If direct pressure and elevation don't sufficiently slow the bloodflow, find a pressure point. Large arteries(动脉) found close to the skin's surface supply blood to the head and to each arm and leg. The most common pressure points used during the first aid are located in the upper arms and in the creases(皱纹) above the upper legs. Apply pressure to the closest pressure point to the wound so that the artery is pressed between your fingers and the bone directly behind the artery. If using the pressure point on a leg, you may need to use the heel of your hand instead of your finger.

  Resort to a tourniquet(止雪带,压脉器).On very rare occasions everything listed above may fail. To prevent the victim from dying, you should apply a tourniquet. Once a tourniquet is applied, it should not be loosened or removed until the victim has reached medical help. Use a tourniquet ONLY if everything listed above has failed. If you use a tourniquet, write down somewhere on the victim the time when it was applied, so medical personal will know how long it has been in place.

13. According to the passage, if a person is wounded and bleeding, you should _____.

   A. cover the wound with a clean, folded cloth and press it 

   B. spread some salve (药膏) on the wound 

   C. pressed the wound firmly with your finger

   D. place a clean bandage over the wound

14. If the blood soak through the cloth, you should _____.

   A. change a clean one immediately

   B. wash the wound at once 

   C. press the wound firmly with your hand

   D. cover that one with another one and press it 

15. According to the passage, we know that _____.

   A. it is better to put the injured part above the head to stop bleeding

   B. large arteries deep in the muscle supply blood to the head and to each arm and leg

   C. we should use a tourniquet first to stop bleeding

   D. the most common pressure points lie in the upper arms and in the crease above the upper legs 

第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

Shortness of breath has many different causes,and the treatment of it is specific for each cause. 16  There are,however,some following first aid steps you can use to treat it,at least until the ambulance arrives or you're able to get the victim to a hospital.

  17   The more energy you spend,the more oxygen you use and the more short of breath you feel Think about a good workout at the gym.Exercise hard enough and you will feel short of breath.The cure?Take a break.

  Let the victim sit,stand or lie where's the most comfortable.There're lots of myths about how some body positions supposedly provide more airflow.Coaches regularly tell players to hold their arms above their heads to maximize chest expansion.Nursing staff assume the"tripod position"is the best position.18  

Use oxygen.This is a special case used only for folks with chronic lung problems.If the victim has oxygen available,this is what it's for.19  The victim may have been told by his or her doctor that too much oxygen for too long might cause more problems.Assure the victim that sudden increases in shortness of breath are the instances in which oxygen is needed most.

  Treat the cause of shortness of breath.20  Asthma patients,for example,often have multiple tools and drugs to fix sudden shortness of breath.Victims of lung infections may need to see a doctor and heart attack victims may need an ambulance.

A.Have the victim rest.

B.Take more exercise at the gym.

C.The victim should use his or her oxygen as directed by a doctor.

D.There're many causes of shortness of breath and many of them are treatable.

E.The victim can try to avoid making use of his or her oxygen whenever possible.

F.Every person is different,however ,so let the victim decide what position feels       most comfortable.

G.In many cases ,the only way to treat shortness of breath is to call 911or take the     victim to a doctor.

淮南高一英语如何辅导真题解析与答案

完型填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

Diane Ray was completely self-centered and very spoilt. Her parents gave her   21 she wanted, knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum(耍小孩脾气)if they did not. She would scream and kick and  22on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always   23.

  That was why she was alone on the  24, wearing an expensive swimsuit. It has taken a massive tantrum to  25 her parents to buy it. They were back at the beach-house, 26 from the tantrum she had thrown when they told her that it was too dangerous to go diving  27 . “Dangerous?” she had said. “You just don’t want me to have  28. I’m going and if you try to stop me, I’ll scream.”

  “What are you doing ?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there 29 he spoke .

  “I’m going diving, ” she answered.

  “You shouldn’t swim that day, ” the man  30 . “There is a storm coming up.”

  “You should mind your own  31 !” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves.

  “If you go out there you’ll be  32 ,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply.

  Diane slipped into the water and dived   33  until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to  34 against the current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it  35 to breathe. Oh, why had she not listened to advice.

  Panicking, she began to  36 . Then, just as it seemed as if she would slip beneath the surface, she heard a  37 voice. “Hold on ! I’m coming.” With  38 , she saw the old man rowing an ancient-looking boat towards her. “I hope you’ve learned a lesson. You put us both in  39, ” he shouted angrily, as he dragged her over the side of the  40 . Gratefully, Diane thanked him and ran towards the beach-house.

21 A either B neither C nothing   D everything

22 A jump B lie   C spin D sleep

23 A set out   B set in C gave in D gave out

24 A beach B bed C floor D ship

25 A allow B warn     C get D prefer

26 A changing B recovering C appearing D traveling

27 A alone B away C again D aside

28 A time B money   C food D fun

29 A when B until   C after D once

30 A decided B intended C advised D repeated

31 A business  B swimsuit C friends D parents

32 A angry B sorry C confused D excited

33 A nervously B sadly C shyly D happily

34 A rise   B swim     C stop     D row

35 A difficult B easy C comfortable D suitable

36 A speak B sing C sniff D scream

37 A calm B frightening C beautiful D disgusting

38 A regret B relief C.interest D.ease

39 A power B safety C danger D thought

40 A house B wave C beach D boat

第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

In order to deal with common     41   (injury), it’s very important for us to know some knowledge of first aid. In our daily life, we often need temporary treatment    42   someone’s nose is bleeding or when someone’s skin is mildly burnt. In an emergency, we should put our hands     43     the proper settlement and apply our first aid knowledge to practice. Besides, we need    44   (brave) and quick action. For the purpose of performing first aid     45    (proper), we can know about some common symptoms and remember the first aid process over and over again. However, if the situation is complex or the injuries are     46    (bear), it is necessary to call for an ambulance. The hospital treatment is more      47     (profession).     48    does not mean that first aid is of little use. On the contrary, the timely help will be of vital      49    (important). Remember that first aid can make   50   difference.

短文改错(共10小题,每题1分,满分10分)

Recently, citizens in our city have had a heated debate on if we should explore the cultural relic, which was discovered in our city. Different people have different opinions.

Some people are in favour the idea. They think the cultural relic is worth explore, which will make people to learn more great history. What’s more, cultural relic site can attract more visitor to our city, that will improve our tourism.

However, others hold a opposite opinion, think that we should keep it as it is and protect it proper. Only in this way can it not be destroyed by people.

As far as I was concerned, we should ask the experts for advice to find a better way to make good use of this cultural relic.

 

答案

1-5 ABCDA  6-10 DCBAC  11-15 BAADD  16-20 GAFCD

21-25 DBCAC  26-30 BADBC  31-35ABDBA  36-40 DABCD

41.injuries  42. when  43. on   44.bravery   45. properly  

46. unbearable  47.professional  48.It    49.importance    50.a

改错: 

1.if改为whether    2.favour后加of    3.explore改为exploring 

4.删掉people后的to   5. visitor改为visitors   6. that改为which 

7.a改为an   8. think改为thinking     9. proper改为properly1 

10. am改为was

以上由安徽淮南高一英语如何辅导真题解析与答案

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