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高考英语冲刺复习感悟高考之非谓语动词点拨

高考英语冲刺复习感悟高考之非谓语动词点拨

非谓语动词是高考命题中最难的考点之一,非谓语动词的命题形式灵活多样,主要以语法填空、短文改错、单项填空的形式进行考查。正确判断和使用动词的形式是非谓语动词主要的命题形式。非谓语动词高考范文中含有非谓语动词的句子也是判断高级句型的体现。 具体真题题型分析如下:

高考英语冲刺复习,高考英语知识点,非谓语动词点拨

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)This included digging up the road,  ________ (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over the top.

【答案】laying 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,63空所在的句子中已有谓语动词included,且空处不与included作并列谓语,故空处应填非谓语动词。included后的dig,lay,build是三个并列的动作,根据digging及building可知,lay也应用动名词形式。

 

2.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)But unlike her school friends,16­year­old Sarah is not spending half­term 41. ________ (rest).

【答案】resting 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,41空所在的句子中已有谓语动词is not spending,且空处不与其作并列谓语,故空处应填非谓语动词。spend time (in) doing sth.表示“花费时间做某事”。

 

3.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top models, wants  ________  (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty.

【答案】to prove want to do sth.“想要做某事”,是固定用法。

 

4.(2015·全国卷Ⅱ)When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough  ________ (cool)the house during the hot day; at the same time, they warm up again for the night.

【答案】to cool be+adj.+enough to do sth.“足够……来做某事”。

高考英语冲刺复习,高考英语知识点,非谓语动词点拨

5.(2016·江苏,28)In art criticism,you must assume the artist has a secret message ________ (hide) within the work.

【答案】hidden 句意:在艺术评论中,你必须假定艺术家在作品中有一定有隐含信息。设空处在句中作定语,message与hide之间存在逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示动作已完成,故用过去分词形式。

 

6.(2017·浙江卷6月)Sixteen years earlier, Pahlsson had removed the diamond ring  ________  (cook) a meal.

【答案】to cook 此处应用动词不定式作目的状语,故填to cook。

 

7.(2017·北京卷)Jim has retired, but he still remembers the happy time  ________  (spend) with his students.

【答案】spent time和spend之间是被动关系,应用过去分词作定语。

 

8.(2017·天津卷)I was watching the clock all through the meeting, as I had a train  ________  (catch).

【答案】to catch 此处应用动词不定式作后置定语。

 

9.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)People probably cooked their food in large pots,  ________  (use) twigs(树枝) to remove it.

【答案】using 主语people与use之间为主动关系,故用现在分词作伴随状语。

高考英语冲刺复习,高考英语知识点,非谓语动词点拨

10.(2016·浙江卷)A sudden stop can be a very  ________  (frighten) experience, especially if you are travelling at high speed.

【答案】frightening 此处修饰名词experience,根据句意此处指“令人可怕的经历”,所以experience名词前面用动词的­ing形式作定语。

 

11.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)My ambassadorial duties will include  ________  (introduce) British visitors to the 120­plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.

【答案】introducing include为及物动词,后面应用动名词形式作宾语。

 

12.(2017·浙江卷6月)Pahlsson and her husband now think the ring probably got  ________ (sweep) into a pile of kitchen rubbish and was spread over the garden, where it remained until the carrot's leafy top accidentally sprouted(生长) through it. 

【答案】swept 此处the ring与sweep之间为被动关系,故用过去分词,构成get done结构。

 

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