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三年级英语入门基本48个国际音标表

三年级英语入门基本48个国际音标表三年级英语入门基本,48个国际音标表

/i/--发音方式的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部举高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

/i:/--发音方式是发音时舌尖抵下齿,前舌只管举高、舌位高于/i/:口形扁平。

/e/--发音时舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬起,舌位比/i:/低;唇形中常,开口度比/i:/大。

//--发音时舌尖抵下齿;舌前部稍举高,舌位比/e/更低;双唇平伸,成扁平形。

//--//是长元音。发音时口张大,舌身压低并后缩,后舌稍隆起,舌尖不抵下齿。双唇稍收圆。

//--发音时口张大,舌身只管低落并后缩,双唇稍稍收圆。

//--它是长元音。发音时舌后部抬得比//即美式//美式//高,双唇收得更圆更小,并向前突出。

/u/--发音时舌后部抬起,舌身后缩,舌尖分开下齿。双唇收圆,稍突出。

//--发音时舌后部只管抬起,舌位比/u/即美式读音//英式读音//高。双唇收圆并突出。口形比/u/////稍小。

//--发音时舌尖和舌端两侧轻触下齿,舌后部靠前部门稍抬起,唇形稍扁,开口度较大,与//相似。

//--//是长元音。发音时舌中部比发//音时略高。双唇扁平。 //--//是读短元音。发音时舌身平放,舌中部略隆起,双唇扁平。

/ei/--先发/e/音,然后滑向/i/音。双唇稍扁,口形从半开到合。 //--它由元音//滑向后元音/u/即美音和英音的//,舌位由半低到高,口形由半开到小。留意将音发足。

/ai/--/ai/为双元音。先发/a/音,然后滑向/i/音。舌尖抵住下齿。发此音的要害是要把/a/音发足,留意从开到合的滑动。

/au/--/au/或//由/a/滑向/u///。舌位由低到高,口形由大到小。留意将音发足。

/i/--发音时双唇从圆到扁,口形从开到合。发好这个音的要害是首先要把后元音/a/////发足,然后滑向/i/音。

/i/--其发音方式是从/i/音滑向//音,美音则滑向/r/音。

前面的/i/发得较清楚,后头的//或/r/较弱。双唇始终半开。此音必然要发足。

//--其发音要领是从///e/音滑向//音。发间时舌端抵下齿,前舌略抬起,双唇半开,此音中的//有似于/e/音,//音较轻。

/u/--发音时,嘴唇从收圆到半开。发好这个音的要害是首先要把/u///音发足,然后滑向//音。

/p/ /b/--/p/是p的发音,/b/是b的发音。双唇爆破辅音。发音时双唇紧闭,憋住气,然后突灰分隔,气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音。/p/是清辅音,声带不振动;/b/是浊辅音,声带振动。

/t/ /d/--/t/是t的发音,/d/是d的发音。舌齿爆破辅音。发音时舌尖抵上齿龈,憋住气,然后溘然分隔,负气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音。/t/是清辅音,声带不振动;/d/是浊辅音,声带振动。

/k/ //--/k/是字母k和字母c的发音,//是字母g的读音。舌后软颚爆破辅音。发音时舌后部隆起紧贴软颚,憋住气,然后溘然分隔,气流送出口腔,形成爆破音。/k/是清辅音,声带不振动;//是浊辅音,声带振动。

/f/ /v/--/f/是f和ph的发音,/v/是v的发音。唇齿摩擦辅音。发音时下唇轻触上齿,气流由唇齿间通过,形成摩擦音。

/f/是清辅音,声带不振动;/v/是浊辅音,声带振动。 // //--////是th的发音。舌齿摩擦辅音。发音时舌尖轻触上齿背,气流由舌齿间送出,形成摩擦音。//是清辅音,声带不振动;//是浊辅音,声带振动。

/s/ /z/--/s//z/是s的发音,/z/又是z的发音。舌齿摩擦辅音。发音时舌端接近齿龈,气流由舌端齿龈间送出,形成摩擦音。/s/是清辅音,声带不振动;/z/是浊浦音,声带振动。

/∫/ //--/∫/是sh的发音,//是s的发音。舌端齿龈后部摩擦辅音。发音时舌端接近齿龈后部,舌身抬起接近上鄂,双唇稍收圆并略突出。气畅通过期形成摩擦音。

/∫/是清辅音,声带不振动;//是浊辅音,声带振动。 /h/--/h/是字母h的发音。声门摩擦辅音。发音时气流送出口腔,在通过声门时发出轻微摩擦;口形随其后的元音而变革。/h/是清辅音,声带不振动。

三年级英语入门基本,48个国际音标表

/m/--/m/是m的发音。双唇鼻辅音。发音时软颚下垂,双唇紧闭,气流从鼻腔送出。

/n/--/n/是n的发音。舌尖齿龈鼻辅音。发音时舌尖抵上齿龈,软颚下垂,气流从鼻腔送出。

//--//是ng的发音。舌后软颚鼻辅音。发音时软颚下垂,堵住口腔通道,气流从鼻腔送出。声带振动。

/w/--/w/是w的发音。舌后软颚半元音。发音时舌后部向软颚抬起,舌位高。双唇收小并向前突出,声带振动。发音短促,立即滑向其后的元音。

/l/--/l/是l的发音。舌端齿龈边辅音。发音时舌尖及舌端紧贴上齿龈,舌前向硬颚抬起,气流从舌的旁边送出。当此音为尾音时,将舌端抵住上齿龈,舌前下限,舌后上抬,舌面形成凹形。浊辅音、声带振动。

/r/--/r/是r的发音。舌尖齿龈(后部)摩擦辅音。发音时舌尖卷起,接近上齿龈后部。舌两侧稍收扰。双唇略突出。气畅通过舌尖和齿龈形成轻微摩擦。浊辅音,声带振动。

/j/--/j/传统的国际音标的读音标记  该音是国音字母y在词首的读音,是舌前硬颚半元音。发音时舌前部向硬颚只管抬起,舌位较高,双唇伸展成扁平状。它是个浊辅音,声带振动。

//--//是ch的发音,//是dge的发音。舌端齿龈破擦辅音。发音时舌身举高,舌端抵上齿龈后部,气畅通过期发出破擦音。//是清辅音,声带不振动;//是浊辅音,声带振动。

/ts/ /dz/传统的国际音标读音标记,新讲义中美式、英式读音都没将其包罗在内,破擦音/ts/、/dz/别离是字母组合ts和ds的读音。舌端齿龈破擦辅音。舌端先贴住齿龈,堵住气流,然后略下降,气流送出口腔。/ts/是清辅音,/dz/是浊辅音。

/tr/ /dr/传统的国际音标读音标记。新讲义中美式、英式读音都没将其包罗在内。/tr/、/dr/别离是tr、dr的发音。齿龈后部破擦辅音。发音时舌身与/r/相似,舌尖贴齿龈后部,气流突破阻碍发出短促的/t/后当即发/r/。/tr/是清辅音,/dr/是浊辅音。

[i:]字母组合 ee ea e ie --three tree green sheep meet beef see seek eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean piece

[æ]发音字母 a--bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

[e]字母组合 ea e a--head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

[]字母组合ir ur ear er or--girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard

[ε]字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u--teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today lesson control around account ago elephant manta banana Canada

[a:] 字母组合 ar a--car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm

[]发音字母 u o ou oo--up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood

[]字母组合 al or au our ar--small wall talk tall hall ball call walk short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store author caught autumn four mourn court bought warm quarrel quarter

[]发音字母 o a--hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash watch

[u:]字母组合 oo o u--food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full prude

[u]字母组合 oo ou u o--look good foot book wood should could put full bull pull push woman wolf

[ei]发音字母 a ay ea ai ey--name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plain they grey

[ai]发音字母 i y--bike fine find die nine light night high my try fly eye

[au]字母组合 ou ow--house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town

[]发音字母 o ow oa--home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal

[i]字母组合 eer ear--beer deerear near here fierce idea

[]字母组合ear air ere--pear bear chair air fair there where care

[u]字母组合our ower--hour tour flower shower

[t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

[d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

[k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky

[g] girl good goal goat grade long language

[m] man make moon morning move come comb

[n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean [] uncle bank English think thank junk  sing king morning

[l] long land lend lord fly flag black world cold could goal soul

[r] read red right run room write

[f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife cough laugh rough

[v] very evening even every voice vest of

[s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf

[z] zoo zebra zero zap close nose hose suppose pause those [] that this those these though

[∫] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash nation attention

[h] hot hop home house horse how who

[w] when what where window wind wood

[j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow [] child chicken china chair lunch ouch catch teach [] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

[tr] tree country try treat track trunk

[dr] dry dream drop drive drink

[ts] students boots boats goats nuts

[dz] goods woods moods hoods  三年级英语入门基本,48个国际音标表 2 容易夹杂的元音 [æ ] [e] bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said [i:] [ei] real rail greet great mean main read raid [e] [ai] bet bite red write said side head hide   [au] [ɔ:] house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn  

3辅音

1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push  

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break  

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city  

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary  

5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky (发音字母k) card cat cream correct climb come account accept (发音字母c) fox box oxygen x-ray (发音字母x) school schedule schema (字母组合ch)  

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language  

7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb  

8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean  

9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junk sing king morning evening  

10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black world cold could goal soul  

11) [r] read red right run room write  

12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife (字母f) cough laugh rough(字母gh) physic photo phone (ph)  

13) [v] very evening even every voice vest( 字母v) of (字母f)  

14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf (发音字母s) license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate (发音字母c) licence piece juice science lance space ace (字母组合ce)  

15) [z] zoo zebra zero zap (z) close nose hose suppose pause those whose (se)  

16) [θ] think thank three thirty tooth mouth  

17) [ ð] that this those these though  

18) [ ʃ ] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash (sh) nation attention station social special sure  

19) [l ] pleasure  

20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who  

21) [w] when what where window wind wood  

22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow  

23) [tʃ ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach (字母组合ch) catch watch match (字母组合tch)  

24) [ ʒ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk  

25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk  

26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink  

27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts  

28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods  

4容易夹杂的辅音   [v] [w] vest west vet wet vine wine very well [s] [θ] sink think mass math miss myth sort sought [z] [ ð] close cloth breeze breathe [n] [ ŋ] thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing  

5 字母,组合音节发音纪律  

1)a [ei] [æ] [ ə] [a:] [ɔ ] late private grade bake grape nation station page active hand bank fan parent family glad flag accept about above formative machine cinema fast last glass class past father wash what watch want  

2)e [i:] [e] [i] [ ə] 不发音 appreciate extremely secret she me he letter left message generate pebble decide pretty previous result restore problem prosperous student confident active table late wife store lecture  

3)i [ai] [i] high price library ice cream wife size line fist pick chicken piano fiancé city unit  

4)o [əu ] [u: ] [ʌ ] [ə ] [ ɔ ] lode host cold note okay old home lose do who whose prove love some other mother honey company today tomorrow together control collect lost hot mock office soft honest  

5)u [ju] [u] [ʌ ] [ ə] university refuse unique universe huge put push pull full bull but brush bucket duck bubble support suggest  

6)c [k] [s] country camp camera courage cable city ceiling celebrate cell cease  

7)g [g] [ ʒ] [ŋ ] girl grade glass glade bag flag village vegetable bridge gentleman gym long song sing morning evening  

8) l [l] 读音差异 listen learn language collect English gorilla world cold soil tall sell cool animal  

9) n [n] [ ŋ] moon night noodle number uncle hungry angry young  

10) r [r] [ ə ](美语发音) right read write grade progress card board door floor form north  

11)y [j] [i] [ai] yellow year yell young yolk university country pretty happy dyke dying fly buy by my  

12)ar [a:] [ ə] [ɔ:] farm card garden mark dollar warm quarrel quarter  

13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [ iə]   cease season breathe feature meat please bread breast breath meadow weather great break idea realize  

14) ear [ə: ] [iə ] learn earth earn heard hear near clear ear fear  

15) er [ə :] [ə ] [ iə] deserve serve her person teacher driver anger singer serious experience mysterious fierce  

16) ere [ iə] [ εə] here mere fere sere there  

17) ir [ ə :][ai] shirt girl skirt admire desire  

18) oo [u:] [u] [ʌ ] [ɔ: ] room tool cool moon noon goof food good foot stood wood wool cook wood book blood flood door floor  

19) or [ɔ] [ə :] [ ə] short form corn born for work world worm word worst tractor doctor actor sector senior senator  

20) oor [ɔ: ] [uər ] door floor moor poor boor  

21) our [auə] [ɔ:]   hour tour flour bourn lour pour court four mourn  

22) ou [au] [ ʌ ] [ ə] house mouth mouse sound found enough trouble touch delicious gracious prosperous  

23) ow [ə u] [au] window meadow know show low now town how down cow  

24) se [z] [s] nose suppose gose lose pose rose mouse house  

25) th [θ] [ð] thank think thought cloth clothes that this then than  

26) sion [ ʃn] [ʒn ] propulsion tension progression passion protrusion provision conclusion television  

27) tion [ʃn ] [tʃən ](不常见) station nation translation attention question 

 

 

12个单位音

长元音

[i:]

[]

[]

[u:]

[a:]

 

短元音

[i]

[]

[]

[u]

[]

[e]

[]

 

8个双元音

[ai]

[ei]

[i]

[i]

[]

[]

[u]

[au]

 

10

清辅音

[p]

[t]

[k]

[f]

[s]

[]

[ ∫ ]

[]

[tr]

[ts]

浊辅音

[b]

[d]

[g]

[v]

[z]

[]

 ]

[]

[dr]

[dz]

3个鼻音

[m]

[n]

[]

 

3个似拼音

[h]

[r]

[l]

 

2个半元音

[w]

[j]

 

 

 

12个单位音

长元音

[i:]

[]

[]

[u:]

[a:]

 

短元音

[i]

[]

[]

[u]

[]

[e]

[]

 

8个双元音

[ai]

[ei]

[i]

[i]

[]

[]

[u]

[au]

 

10

清辅音

[p]

[t]

[k]

[f]

[s]

[]

[ ∫ ]

[]

[tr]

[ts]

浊辅音

[b]

[d]

[g]

[v]

[z]

[]

 ]

[]

[dr]

[dz]

3个鼻音

[m]

[n]

[]

 

3个似拼音

[h]

[r]

[l]

 

2个半元音

[w]

[j]

 

 

三年级英语入门基本48个国际音标表转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/51.html

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