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初中英语补习班解析英语阅读理解练习

初中英语补习班解析英语阅读理解练习

初中英语补习班单元检测B——阅读理解提速练

Ⅰ.阅读理解

A

When I was in the fifth grade and Mr. Gardner asked a question, my hand would shoot up with great enthusiasm. After giving me a few chances, he would try to give other students a chance. My hand, though, would remain in the air, and after some time, I'd start waving it around. Then, there was the time when I entered drumming classes. But all we were allowed to do in the first class was practise one beat over and over again. I never went back.

I would have done terribly in the Stanford Marshmallow (果浆软糖) Experiment. In this classic study, researchers gave children a choice between one marshmallow right away and two later. The results showed that those who could wait 15 minutes ended up scoring 210 points higher on the  SAT, an examination that American high school students take before they go to college.

So clearly, delaying gratification or bearing up under pain has its benefits. It needs patience. Patience keeps us from being stuck to ideas formed previously, and helps us let go of our strong interest in outcomes. We come to accept that we don't always or immediately know what is best, and learn to recognize that our reality is in constant changes. Patience improves our understanding of deeper truths and helps us expand our views.

The journey of patience is rooted in knowing that our present reality will finally give way to changes. But changes won't always happen when we think they should, and patience with ourselves comes from accepting that there are things we can control and things we can't. And though we must make great efforts to keep pushing the boundaries of our awareness and to improve our ability to rest comfortably in the present moment, how fast we develop isn't up to us.

That same fifth grader who couldn't wait to speak out answers now sees the importance of meeting questions with a heart of patience.

初中英语补习班

1.Why did the author wave his hand in class?

A.To entertain himself.

B.To show his impatience.

C.To give other students a chance.

D.To let others know he was clever.

2.What's the purpose of the Stanford Marshmallow Experiment?

A.To test children's concentration levels.

B.To test how children like marshmallows.

C.To test patience and its potential advantages.

D.To test the bond between patience and desire.

3.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “gratification” in Paragraph 3?

A.Progress.        B.Patience.

C.Judgement. D.Satisfaction.

4.What is the main reason for people to have patience according to the text?

A.Present reality.

B.Constant changes.

C.A lack of self­control.

D.A strong interest in outcomes.

英语阅读理解

初中英语补习班B

If your parents were to surprise you with a present on your birthday, which one would you prefer, a trip to the amusement park or a new pair of shoes?

According to Science Daily, about one­third of the people  are likely to prefer shoes to a fun trip. These people are called“materialists”, namely, those who value material goods more than experiences. But which of  the two choices makes people happier?

Back in 2009, Ryan Howell, a professor at San Francisco State University, found that in the long run, experiences make people happier than possessions. This is because the joy of receiving a new object fades over time as you get used to seeing it every day. Experiences, on the other hand, can continue to bring you joy in the future through happy memories.

But materialists should at least be happy when they first buy something, shouldn't they?

To figure it out, Howell did another study. He classified a group of adults according to their personality types, ranging from less materialistic to more materialistic. Each person was asked different questions to see how they felt about spending money on material goods versus spending money on experiences.

As expected, the more materialistic participants got less happiness from purchases than the less materialistic, because such purchases didn't fit with their personalities and values. But to Howell's surprise, he found that materialists weren't any happier even if they spent money on material items.

This is because materialists worry that others may criticize or look down on their choices. “There are certain value systems that are rejected by society,” said Howell. “When we find out someone is materialistic, we think less of them, and that drives their happiness down.”

Another reason is that materialistic people always focus on what they don't have instead of what they have now. This makes them feel less satisfied and grateful.

If you happen to be a materialistic person, there's something you can try. “If materialists make more accurate purchases, rather than trying to impress others, they will be happier,” Howell said.

You should also remember what an ancient Greek philosopher once said, “Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you have not; remember what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for.”

初中英语补习班解析英语阅读理解练习

5.What did Ryan Howell find in his studies?

A.Material goods bring people less happiness than experiences.

B.About one­third of the people prefer material goods to experiences.

C.Materialists have more fun spending money on goods than on experiences.

D.Receiving a new object brings lasting joy while the joy of an experience fades soon.

6.What did Ryan Howell want to find out by doing another study?

A.How to judge whether a person is a materialist.

B.Why materialists are not happy with their purchases.

C.How materialists feel when they spend money on goods.

D.Whether materialists are happy when they first make purchases.

7.Why does the author use the ancient Greek philosopher's words in the last paragraph?

A.To advise materialistic people not to try to impress others.

B.To persuade people to be satisfied with what they have.

C.To prove it's unwise to be materialistic and desire too much.

D.To tell readers what they desire now might one day become theirs.

8.What can be the best title for the passage?

A.Are You a Materialist?

B.How to Acquire Happiness?

C.The Best Present for the Birthday

D.Which Can Make People Happier?

以上由安徽淮南初中英语补习班解析英语阅读理解练习

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