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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高考冲刺 > 备战2020年高考英语之书面表达图画类

备战2020年高考英语之书面表达图画类

书面表达图画类

 

 

图画作文是近年来高考书面表达考查的热点题型之一。它是指根据某幅图画所提供的图像信息写一篇短文或叙述一个故事;或通过几幅相关的图画说明某个问题或得出某个结论。体裁多样,可以是记叙文、议论文或说明文等。图画作文要求考生将画面所包含的有效信息直接运用英语思维转成英语,旨在避免考生运用汉语思维布局谋篇。

图画类作文的命题要求如下:

1. 图画作文的主要考查特点是生动、形象、直观、图文并茂。它要求行文时做到:主题明确,即文章能概括图画所反映的中心思想;图文一致,即文章能体现图画中所反映的主要内容。

2. 图画作文要求考生具有敏锐的观察力、丰富的想象力、严谨的逻辑思维能力、冷静的分析能力,以及最终将以上诸方面素质综合体现出来的良好的书面表达能力。

3. 写图画作文时要注意词汇与句型的精心选择,准确表达。表达过程中要注意图画信息的连接方式,尤其要注意句与句、段与段之间的意思连贯。为此,考生应学会灵活使用连接词、指示代词等,适当地根

三、 写作模板 

As is shown in the picture above,_________(图画的内容). The first thing we notice is that_________(图画的最大特点).This means that _________(进一步说明). The implied meaning of the picture should be considered/taken into account seriously/paid more attention to. First, _________(分析、说明原因或结果①). Second/What’s more,________(分析、说明原因或结果②). Last but not least/Finally, ________(分析、说明原因或结果③) And the problem has aroused the great concern/care of the whole society/world/all the people around. In my view/As for me,we should take measures to deal with the problem shown in the picture. First, we should_________(措施、建议、办法①). And then we have to_________(措施、建议、办法②). Only in these  ways can we solve/settle the problem of_________(图画主要问题).

 

 

 

题组一(高考真题)

Writing 1 (2019·北京卷)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你们班上周组织了一次以“劳动最光荣”为主题社会实践活动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记述整个过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词:西瓜watermelon

 

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Writing 2(2018·北京卷)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记述你们上周接待外国学生,带领他们体验中国茶文化的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

 

(请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

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Writing 3(2017·北京卷)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录毕业前夕你们制作以“感恩母校”为主题的毕业纪念视频的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词:视频 video

 

(请务必讲作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

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Writing 4(2016·北京卷)

假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华。你班同学参加了学校的"地球日"系列活动。请按照以下四幅图的先后顺序,以"Actions for a Greener Earth"为题,给校刊"英语角"写一篇英文稿件,介绍活动的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词:地球日 Earth Day

 

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Writing 5(2015·福建卷)

请阅读右面图画,按要求用英语写一篇词数为120左右的短文。

内容要求:1.描述画面;

        2.概述其含义;

        3.谈谈个人感想。

注意:1.短文开头已给出,不计入总词数;

    2.可适当发挥,使文章内容充实、行文连贯;

    3.文中不能出现考生的具体信息。

参考词汇:凿,钻bore

 

In the picture,___________________________________________________________________________

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Writing 6(2015·上海卷)

 

Directions:  Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

学校即将举办"读书节",目前正广泛征集"读书节"宣传册图片。假设你是该校学生潘阳,你已找到以下三幅图片,决定给读书节组委会写一封信,推荐其中一幅,你的信须包括以下内容:

1. 简单描述你想推荐的那幅图片;

2. 阐述你用这幅图片宣传"读书节"的理由。

 

 

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题组二(名校模拟题)

Writing1(北京市通州区2019届高三年级第三次模拟)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,以“The Last Day of My Senior High Life”为题,用英语写一篇短文向校刊“英语园地”投稿,记述你高中生活的最后一天。

注意:词数不少于60。

 

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Writing2(2019届北师大附中高三高考模拟)

假如你是红星中学高三一班的学生。2019年3月5日是学雷锋日,你班组织了一次帮扶活动。请根据下面四幅图所提供的活动内容和过程写一篇英文短文,为你校校刊英语专栏投稿,不少于60个词。开头己给出。

提示词:senior citizens home 养老院

 

Our class planned to organize an activity on March 5th, the day in memory of Lei Feng.

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Writing3(2019届北京市高三高考模拟)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。 请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录你在上周末爸爸出差期间,为家里拼搭花架的经历。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词:花架flower shelf

 

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Writing4(2019年北京市延庆区高三模拟)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录上周你和同学参与国家博物馆“庆祝改革开放四十周年大型展览(Celebrating 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening-up”志愿者活动的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60 提示词:国家博物馆the National Museum of China

 

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题组一 

Writing 1 

【范文】

Last week I took part in a farmwork programme in the suburbs.

At the class meeting, our teacher told us about the programme with the theme “Working is most beautiful”. And he stressed the importance of working with our own hands. When I got home, I packed up my luggage for the trip.

On the farm, we helped pick watermelons. While working, I realised how hard it was to work in the fields under a hot sun.

When I came back home, I shared my experiences with my parents. And they were very proud of me.

【写作指导】

本文属于图画作文,要求根据图画内容写一篇英文周记。

假如你是红星中学高三学生李华,你们班上周组织了一次以“劳动最光荣”为主题的社会实践活动。要求根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记述整个过程。图画作文内容要点比较清晰,其中包括:老师宣布活动内容和意义,我为活动准备,在农场的劳动过程,介绍活动感受。这样有利于学生写作时发挥与扩展。全文可分成三部分,开头段概括活动,中间段描述图画,结尾段总结收获和意义。文章用第一人称来写,使用一般过去时。

【点睛】本文内容完整,语言表述通顺。使用了连接词、衔接词,使文章自然、流畅。文章使用了宾语从句 how hard it was to work in the fields under a hot sun.还使用了 At the class meeting, When I got home, On the farm,  While working, When I came back home等过渡词。

Writing 2

【思路点拨】

本文为图片介绍类作文,这类作文是根据给出的一幅或几幅图画所提供的信息写短文。此类题的体裁较广泛,可以是记叙文、说明文,也可以是议论文。按照本文的要求可知,是写一篇记叙文。

1. 认真读图,把握中心。

根据提示可知,内容是带领外国学生体验中国茶文化的全过程,介绍了茶具,泡茶,沏茶,品茶的过程,所以这是这组图画所要表达的中心。

2. 初步构思,考虑用词、短语、句型和时态。

在把握了文章的中心后,应在内心构思一个基本的框架,并考虑使用恰当的词语、短语和句型,以充分地表达文章的内容。本文是讲述上周发生的事情,故时态要以过去时为主,人称是第一人称,尽可能地充分利用所学的短语或句型来表述具体的内容。这是体现自身能力的重要一环。

3. 连词成句,然后再连句成文。

运用适当的单词或短语正确表达各图的意思。然后再将各图的单个句子串连起来。

串连时,要注意使用适当的连接词语或过渡性语句,不至于让读者觉得文章中出现跳跃现象,更使上下文更为紧凑、自然。

4. 反复审核,修改错误。

一篇文章写好后,应进行检查,看短文中是否有错,如拼写、用词、时态、语态及表达方面的错误。

5. 宜详则详,该略则略。

对于一些细节方面的内容,如果是文章必不可少的,在写作过程中是不可将其忽略的。

如果是可有可无的细节,则可视具体情况进行增删。据此,我们在读图时一定要注意阅读各图中的一些细节内容,看其是否影响文章的内容。

【满分范文】

Last week, we took the foreign students in our school to experience the authentic tea culture, which turned out be to extremely rewarding. 

On arriving at the tea house, the foreign students were impressed by the unique tea pots and tea cups. I gave them a vivid and informative introduction of tea culture, including its profound history, its rich variety, and the exquisite craftsmanship of making tea with their interest greatly sparked, I then began to teach them how to make tea. 

In order to deliver a clear presentation, I slowly explained the traditional procedure of making tea in detail. Absorbed in every move of mine, the foreign students were once again amazed by this unique culture and they couldn’t help taking pictures from time to time. 

Next came the moment when I asked them to have a try themselves. Washing the tea pots, adding tea leaves, and pouring water into the cups, they followed my instructions and were really immersed in charming tea culture. The tea house witnessed a really enjoyable time for all of us. 

At the end of the activity, holding the tea bags in our hands, we took a picture to memorize the unforgettable day. It suddenly hit me that traditional culture like tea culture was of great charm and huge value. And I swelled with pride to spread our own culture to people all over the world. 

Writing 3

Graduation finally came. My classmates and I decided to do something. After a heated discussion, we agreed 

on making a video to record our experiences at school.

Material collecting took us a whole week, during which we interviewed our teachers and took pictures of 

every aspect of school life. The editing part after that was tough. We debated over what to put into the video. Some compromises were unavoidable, but the video turned out perfect. Several days later, when the video was played on the graduation ceremony, it was well received. The students and teachers shared a great time. That surely gave us a great sense of achievement.

【构思框架】

本文属于看图说话类作文。首先要读懂图片隐含的信息,本文有四幅图,而且要求是按先后顺序,所以一定要注意顺序的问题;其次,根据图片隐含的信息把每幅图的主题找到,然后分别写出每幅图的主题句,也就是说把文章主体部分的大纲要列好,最后结合自己的看法,写出相应的总结和感受。写作的过程中一定要注意先后顺序,巧用连接词,巧妙衔接,合理安排。

【亮点说明】本文内容齐全,结构严谨,层次分明,布局合理,语言精练,同时运用高级句子。非限制性定语从句的使用:…,during which we interviewed our teachers and took pictures of every aspect of school life.

时间状语从句的使用:when the video was played on the graduation ceremony。

Writing 4

【构思框架】

  北京卷书面表达第二节照例给出的是四幅图画组成的一个小故事。对于这类看图作文,我们首先要根据图画读懂故事,提炼要点(通常一幅图就是一个要点),然后再结合要点布局谋篇,搜寻好词好句,然后组词或组句。

情景作文话题常规,"地球日"系列活动属于保护环境的体裁内容,属于常规考法。公告栏了解活动、分工制作、变废为宝的宣传活动、主题讲座都属于考前练习过的场景。故而总体难度适中。

  涉及到的具体细节参考词汇:

  图 1:a notice on the bulletin board, Actions for a Greener Earth, arouse students’ interest, learn about the activity

  图 2:be divided into groups, transform waste into delicate articles, devote …to …

  图 3:hold an activity in the nearby community, promote the awareness of Green Earth to more people, turn waste into wealth, show support, give the articles to neighbors

图 4:hold a lecture in the auditorium, introduce the whole process of … and the importance of …

【范文】

①A week before Earth Day, posters were put up around our school, calling upon us to join in the actions for a greener earth.

Our class came up with the idea to make better use of used materials. ②We brought to our classroom worn-out clothes, pieces of cardboard and empty plastic bottles, and turned those into dolls, handbags, tissue boxes and small vases. That weekend, we went to a nearby neighborhood and gave them away to the people there. All were very happy with those unexpected gifts, especially little kids and elderly people. We did so well that we were invited to share our idea and experience with all the students of our school.

We are very proud of ourselves and believe we can do more for a better world. 

Writing 5

【思路导航】

本题为看图写作,主题是古时候的一则成语"凿壁偷光"。首先,图画描述部分必须简要。然后结合图画讲述成语背后的故事,这部分的难点是要总结出成语的寓意。最后是表述个人观点,主要是成语给我们的启迪。注意条理要清晰,逻辑顺序和结构要恰当,同时要尽量保持简洁精干的内容,不拖泥带水。要注意题中所给的信息,不可偏题,应用文写作对于文章内容的要求是要达到写作目的。尽量保持卷面整洁,字体美观,注意行文的连贯性。

【范文】

In the picture, we can see a boy in worn clothes, sitting at a shabby wooden table with a pile of books on it. A weak ray of light came in through a small hole in the wall and he was absorbed in his reading.

This is a well-known story from an ancient Chinese idiom. The boy, being poor, couldn’t afford even a candle, so he bored a hole in the wall to "steal" light from his neighbor’s house to read at night. The moral of the story is: spare no effort to acquire knowledge and never get discouraged easily no matter how difficult the situation may be.

Of course, things are totally different today. It is not the story itself but what is reflected in the story that counts. Hard work pays off. We should take pains to improve ourselves through learning and get prepared for the future.

Writing 6

【思维导航】

1. 仔细阅读有关提示,弄清试题提供的所有信息,明确从以上三张图片中选择一张。

2. 根据要表达的内容确定句子的时态、语态;就本文而言应该用一般现在时态。但是在具体事例阐述的时

   候使用过去时。

3. 注意使用高级词汇和句式,以增加文章的亮点。

【范文】

Dear Sir/ Madam,

Since the Reading Festival is around the corner, I’m writing to recommend a picture which can be used in the brochure to remind the students of the pleasure of reading.

In the picture, three students are sitting at the table, discussing heatedly what they have just read. It seems that they have had a lot of fun through the discussion. Though it is admitted that reading is mostly a personal activity which needs quietness and concentration, as far as I’m concerned, it can also be a sharing experience when the same book is being appreciated. Just imagine that you have read a terrific detective story with fascinating and intricate plots. You are so amazed by the genius of the writer and you can’t help sharing it with your classmates or best friends, who turn out to have been deeply impressed as well. The moment you mention the book, the passion and enthusiasm about the story will explode which can never be gained on your own. My ideal atmosphere of reading is just like that, through which you can not only appreciate the content by yourself, but also have the pleasure of sharing the plots or opinions with your peers, which will ultimately enhance your understanding of the book. To sum up, the reason of my recommendation is quite simple an d apparent that reading, instead of being dull and isolating, can be full of participation and common interest. I sincerely hope that you will take my suggestion into consideration and I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely,

Pan Yang

题组二 

Writing1

【写作思路】

这是一篇应用文写作。

第1步:根据提示可知,要求写一篇记叙文;假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,以“The Last Day of My Senior High Life”为题,用英语写一篇短文向校刊“英语园地”投稿,记述你高中生活的最后一天。

第2步:根据写作要求,确定关键词(组),如:preparing for(准备),the college entrance examination(高考),the group photo(合照),significant(意义重大的);the alumni book(同学录)等。

第3步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。

第4步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清晰,保持整洁美观的卷面是非常重要的。

【范文】

The Last Day of My Senior High Life

I spent the last day of my senior high life yesterday.

We had the last class and the whole class was silent. Classmates was busy preparing for the college entrance examination which is also the last examination for us. And then we took the group photo with our dear teachers. It seemed significant because it was the first time we had all been photographed together. In the afternoon,we began to write the alumni book to each student, leaving our best wishes and wishes. Before we left,we cleaned the classroom. The clean and tidy classroom is about to welcome its next batch of students, just as it welcomed us. My high school life is over, but my life has just begun.

【点睛】

范文内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级表达方式,如Classmates was busy preparing for the college entrance examination which is also the last examination for us.运用了定语从句;It seemed significant because it was the first time we had all been photographed together.运用了原因状语从句。全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。另外,文章思路清晰、层次分明,上下句转换自然,为文章增色添彩。

Writing2

【范文】

Our class planned to organize an activity on March 5th, the day in memory of Lei Feng. It turned out to be a memorable and rewarding experience.

The day before, we had had a class meeting to discuss what we would do, where we communicated openly and shared our own thoughts with each other. After a heated discussion, we made up our mind to go to a senior citizens home to do something for the elderly. On March 5th, we set out early in the morning. As soon as we got to the senior citizens home, we did a thorough cleaning. Some were sweeping and mopping the floor, while others were cleaning the windows. The rest did some washing. An hour later, the rooms in the senior citizens home took on a new look. And then we were divided into two groups. One group shared the joy with the elderly by presenting an impressive performance, which won wave-like applause and cheers. The other group taught those who were interested in English some daily English expressions. In the course of learning, we were much inspired by their longing for knowledge. Time passed unconsciously. When lunch time came we had to wave good-bye to them.

Exhausted as we were, our effort eventually paid off and I took pride in ourselves for doing something beneficial. Had we not engaged in this activity, everyone in my class shouldn’t have taken a hard-won opportunity to understand the inner joy of helping others.

【写作指导】本篇书面表达是一篇关于帮扶活动的图画作文。短文一共包括四幅图画。根据写作内容及要求,考生应注意使用第一人称。在叙述要点时,应使用一般过去时和过去完成时;要注意文章的层次,结构要清晰;生动详细地描述出图画内容,交代清楚时间、地点、人物以及事件。写作时一定要注意故事的连贯性与完整性

【范文亮点】

1. 范文采取了状语从句(As soon as we got to the senior citizens home, we did a thorough cleaning..);宾语从句(The day before, we had had a class meeting to discuss what we would do, where we communicated openly and shared our own thoughts with each other )和非限定性定语从句(One group shared the joy with the elderly by presenting an impressive performance, which won wave-like applause and cheers)等句式。

2. 文章采用了thorough;impressive;wave-like;be engaged in等高级单词或短语。

Writing3

【范文】

Last weekend, I fixed up a wooden flower shelf for my family when Dad was away on business, which was really a rewarding experience. 

On Sunday afternoon, I was reading my favorite book when the doorbell rang. It was a package delivered to Mum. After thanking the courier, I helped Mum carry it in. Mum suggested leaving the work to Dad. But I decided to do it myself. Immediately, I opened the package. Inside, there were some wooden boards, iron parts, and an instruction manual. Having read the manual carefully, I got down to work. With a screwdriver, I fixed the frame first, and then put the boards on it piece by piece. After two hours of hard work, a lovely flower shelf appeared in front of my eyes. Mum and I were both pleased and we started putting potted plants onto it.

When Dad came back, hearing it was I who had assembled the flower shelf, he, with a broad smile, gave me a thumbs-up. At that moment, my feeling of content and pride was beyond description.

Though I am a busy student, I still can do something for my family.

【解析】这是一篇看图写作,一共四幅图。一般说来,看图写话中的汉语提示往往给定了有关的时间、地点、人物等相关的信息,有的还规定了文章所采用的体裁,如使用书信、留言、日记等。因此,在审题时我们一定要注意所给的汉语提示。

第一步,认真阅读汉语提示和图片,把握中心。

本文根据汉语提示可知,是写一篇英文周记,记录你在上周末爸爸出差期间,为家里拼搭花架的经历。这是文章要表达的中心。

第二步,初步构思,考虑用词、短语、句型和时态。

讲述上周末自己做的事,确定时态是过去时、第一人称。之后构思一个基本的框架,并考虑使用恰当的词语、短语和句型,以充分地表达文章的内容。

第三步,连词成句,然后再连句成文。

运用适当的单词或短语正确表达各图的意思。然后再将各图的单个句子串连起来。串连时,要注意使用适当的连接词语或过渡性语句,不至于让读者觉得文章中出现跳跃现象,更使上下文更为紧凑、自然。

第四部,反复审核,修改错误。

一篇文章写好后,应进行检查,看短文中是否有错,如拼写、用词、时态、语态及表达方面的错误。

第五部,宜详则详,该略则略。

对于一些细节方面的内容,如果是文章必不可少的,在写作过程中是不可将其忽略的。如果是可有可无的细节,则可视具体情况进行增删。据此,我们在读图时一定要注意阅读各图中的一些细节内容,看其是否影响文章的内容。

【亮点说明】

本文是一篇看图作文。文章内容符合图画所表达的含义,语句精炼,文中使用高级句子。I fixed up a wooden flower shelf for my family when Dad was away on business, which was really a rewarding experience.句中运用when引导的时间状语从句和which引导的非限制性定语从句;I was reading my favorite book when the doorbell rang.固定句式be doing...when...;Having read the manual carefully, I got down to work.现在分词完成式做时间状语;Though I am a busy student, I still can do something for my family.此处是Though引导的让步状语从句。

Writing4

【范文】

Recently a large-scale exhibition was held in the National Museum of China to celebrate the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening-up. My classmates and I were extremely honored to have the opportunity to serve as volunteers.

Last Sunday, we arrived at the National Museum early in the morning. In order to learn how to provide better service, we were trained by a staff member for the volunteer work. We all listened attentively and eagerly, taking notes from time to time.

After the training, wearing the volunteer uniform and volunteer card, we got down to our work with great enthusiasm. Some of us worked at the Volunteer Service Counter and offered service to people who turned to us for help. We provided them with useful guidance and information for the exhibition. Inside the exhibition hall, some of us volunteer docents stood in front of a group of visitors, giving vivid introduction of the great achievements over the past 40 years, which attracted the visitors so much and brought us a great sense of achievement.

Time passed quickly before we knew it. Waving us goodbye, the museum staff thanked us and gave us a thumbs-up for our working the whole day. Their praise and thanks greatly encouraged us. Meanwhile, we all felt a sense of pride for our country’s great achievements.

 

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