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淮南英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 14 Careers

北师大版必修四Unit 14 Careers

 

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.carpenter n.       木匠

2.chemist n.   化学家

3.receptionist  n.   接待员

4.shop assistant   营业员

5.typist  n.   打字员

6.insurance n.   保险

7.bonus  n.   额外津贴,奖金

8.fee n.   服务费,学费                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

9.income  n.        收入

10.reward  n.   奖赏

11.wage  n.   薪金,工资

12.paragraph  n.   段落

13.institute  n.   机构;学院

14.pump  n.   泵,抽水机

15.deer n. 鹿

16.receipt n.   收据,收条                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

17.glory n.         光荣的事,值得骄傲的事

18.liquid  n.   液体 

19.comprehension n.   理解 

20.chart  n.   图表,表格

21.mud  n.   烂泥,泥浆

22.nursery n.   托儿所,保育室

23.collar  n.   衣领

24.typewriter  n.   打字机                          

1

[第四屏听写] 

25.mankind n.       人类

26.battle n. 战役,战斗

27.corn  n.   玉米

28.cattle  n.  

29.frost n.  

30.steep adj.   陡峭的,险峻的

31.grain  n.   谷物,谷粒

32.lip n.   嘴唇                          

 

[第五屏听写] 

33.junior high       初中

34.nest n.   鸟巢,巢

35.feather n.   羽毛

36.wrist n.   腕,腕关节

37.childhood  n.   童年,儿童时代

38.twist vt. & vi.   旋转,转动

39.multiply v.   大量增加;乘                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

40.continent n.       大陆,洲

41.slave n.   奴隶

42.boom vi.   激增,猛涨

43.arithmetic n.   算术

44.*enclose vt.   随信附上

45.curriculum vitae=CV n.   简历;个人履历

46.data n.   资料,数据                          

 

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第七屏听写] 

1.charge vt.         收费,要价

n.   负责

2.summary n.   摘要,总结

3.guidance n.   指导

4.take_charge_of   接管,控制

5.consult vt.   查阅;请教

6.casual adj.   随意的,非正式的                          

 

[第八屏听写] 

7.quarrel vi.        吵架,争吵

8.make_up   编造

9.make_out   假称;听出,看出

10.go_into_detail(s)   讨论,细谈

11.speak_up   大声地说,自由而大胆地说出

12.sit_up   坐直

13.appointment n.   约见,约会                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

14.instant n.        片刻,瞬息

15.moral n.   品德;品行

16.basis n.   基础,根基

17.surrounding adj.   周围的,附近的

18.wisdom n.   智慧

19.believe_in   信仰,信任

20.turn_over   反转                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

21.overcome vt.       克服,战胜

22.illegal adj.   违法的,不合法的

23.pay_off   得到好结果;取得成功

24.commit_ vt.   投入

25.existence n.   生活;存在

26.constantly_ adv.   不断地

27.beneath prep.   在底下                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

28.bend v.         弯腰,倾身

29.hesitate v.   踌躇,犹豫

30.judgement n.   判断,判断力 

31.keep_up_with   跟上,赶上

32.decrease v.   减少,降低

33.operate vi.   运转,运作

vt.   操作

34.dynamic adj.   精力充沛的                          

 

[第十二屏听写] 

35.respond vi.       反应;回复,回答

36.flexible adj.   灵活的,柔韧的

37.envy vt.   嫉妒,羡慕

38.bother vt.   烦扰;打扰

39.in_case   以防万一;万一

40.comfort n.   舒适,安逸

41.panic v.   恐慌,惊惶

42.due_to   由于                          

[第十三屏听写] 

43.in_addition        此外

44.qualification n.   资格,资历 

45.aid n.   援助,帮助

46.topic n.   题目,话题

47.error n.   错误

48.universe n.   宇宙

49.civil adj.   民间的;国民的;国内的                          

 

[第十四屏听写] 

50.idiom n.         成语,习语

51.junior adj.   低级的

52.grasp vt.   理解;领会;抓牢,抓紧

53.stage n.   舞台;阶段,时期

54.division n.   部门;分割

55.branch n.   分支,部门

56.inspect v.   审查

57.committed adj.   尽责的                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.insurance n.  保险

2.bonus n.  额外津贴,奖金

3.fee n.  服务费,学费

4.income n.  收入

5.wage n.  薪金,工资

6.institute n.  机构,学院

7.chart n.  图表,表格

8.nursery n.  托儿所,保育室

9.mankind n.  人类

10.battle n.  战役,战斗

11.cattle n.   牛

12.steep adj.  陡峭的,险峻的

13.childhood n.  童年,儿童时代

14.multiply v.  大量增加;乘

15.continent n.  大陆,洲

表达单词 1.decrease v.    减少,降低

2.reward n.  奖赏

3.charge vt.  收费,要价

n.  负责

4.consult vt.  查阅;请教

5.bother vt.  烦扰;打扰

6.casual_ adj.  随意的,非正式的

7.overcome vt.  克服,战胜

8.stage n.  舞台;阶段,时期

9.universe n.  宇宙

10.dynamic adj.  精力充沛的

11.grasp vt.  理解,领会;抓牢,抓紧

12.civil adj.  民间的;国民的;国内的

13.branch n.  分支,部门

14.junior adj.  低级的

15.topic n.  题目,话题

16.bend v.  弯腰,倾身

17.envy_ vt.  妒忌,羡慕

18.panic v.  恐慌,惊惶 [语境活用]

1.Due to the strict traffic regulations on drunken driving, the number of accidents from it has greatly decreased (减少).

2.Little John hardly got anything in reward (奖赏,回报 ) for his kind act, which made him unhappy.

3.If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should consult (请教,咨询) a doctor. 

4.Don't bother (担心).We'll take part in your game later.

5.His casual (非正式的) clothes were not suitable for such a formal occasion.

6.Looking back, I know the greatest difficulty on our way to success is our fear; overcome (克服,战胜) it, and we will be able to achieve our goals.

7.We're in the early stage (阶段,时期) of this technology, and more development and testing will be done.

8.They will live longer, work smarter and even have a greater understanding of nature and the universe (宇宙).

9.He knew I was dynamic (精力充沛的) and energetic and would get things done.

拓展单词 1.commit vt.投入→committed adj.尽责的→commitment n.承诺;保证

2.appointment n.约定,约会;任命,委派→appoint vt.任命,指派;预约,安排

3.constantly adv.不断地→constant adj.不断的;不变的

4.illegal adj.不合法的,违法的→legal adj.合法的

5.instant n.片刻,瞬息 adj.瞬间的,立即的,紧急的→instantly adv.即刻地,马上地→instance n.例子;事例;情况

6.surrounding adj.附近的,周围的→surround v.包围,围绕→surroundings n.环境

7.inspect v.审查→inspection n.检查,视察→inspector n.检查员,视察员

8.hesitate v.犹豫,踌躇→hesitation n.犹豫,踌躇

9.comfort n.& vt.(使)安慰,舒适→comfortable adj.安慰的,舒适的

10.operate vi.运转,运作;做手术 vt.操作→operation n.操作,手术→operator n.操作员;接线员

11.respond vi.回复,回答;反应→response n.回复,响应,反应,回答 [语境活用]

1.When in trouble, don't hesitate to ask for help and solve the problem without hesitation.(hesitate)

2.Tony is committed to selling the products, because he has made a strong commitment to his boss.(commit)

3.She asked where he'd been, but he didn't respond,_and in response to it, she shouted to him, “Where had you been?”(respond)

4.He was appointed as headmaster and wanted to tell his girlfriend the good news at the appointed time, but she missed their appointment somehow.(appoint)

5.As is known to all, the legal things should be protected and anything illegal must be banned.(legal)

6.The instant my father received the news that my grandpa became ill, he went to the hospital instantly.(instant)

7.When you feel ready, create your own zone of comfort surrounded in a warm white light which protects your surroundings yet accepted by others.(surrounding)

8.They told the operator that his chances of surviving an operation_ were about 2 percent. Therefore, rather than operate immediately, they chose to wait for six months.(operate)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.take_charge_of 接管,控制

2.make_up_  编造;组成

3.make_out  假称;听出,看出

4.go_into_detail(s)  讨论,细谈

5.speak_up  大声地说,自由而大胆地说出

6.sit_up  坐直;熬夜

7.believe_in  信任,信仰

8.turn_over  反转

9.pay_off  得到好结果;取得成功

10.keep_up_with  跟上,赶上

11.in_case  以防万一;万一

12.due_to  由于

13.in_addition  此外

14.turn_up  出现,到达

15.leave_behind  留下来,将……落在后面

16.above_all  最重要的是 1.Small sailboats can easily_turn_over in the water if they are not managed carefully.

2.Everyone in the village likes Jack because he is good at telling and making_up_stories.

3.He devoted most of his time to his research, believing his hard work would pay_off sooner or later.

4.It was in the lab which was taken_charge_of_by Professor Black that they did the experiment.

5.You've got to_believe_in yourself, or you'll never succeed.

6.China is developing fast due_to_the hard work of all Chinese people.

7.In order to_keep_up_with the times, I study hard every day.

8.We arranged to meet at 7:30, but she never turned_up.

9.Take a hat with you in_case the sun is very hot.

10.Frankly speaking, it is hard for me to make_out_ what he is saying.

11.You need money and time; in_addition,_you need diligence.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.The instant she stopped asking questions, I got up and went out of the room.

她一停止问问题,我就起身走出了房间。 the instant引导时间状语从句。 一般来讲,我们一进入高三就会忙于复习和为高考做准备。

Generally speaking, we are busy reviewing and preparing for the College Entrance Examination the_instant we enter senior three.

2.I discovered then that as long as I am committed and never give up I will be able to produce high quality reports.

那时我发现,只要我具有献身精神,决不放弃,就能写出高质量的报道。 as long as 引导条件状语从句。 只要他的儿子赢得比赛,全家人就会赢得免费到海外旅游的机会。

As_long_as_his_son_wins_the_competition,_the family will win an overseas tour for free.

3.Between now and the 21st century, citizens of the world's richest and most advanced nations will find it more and more difficult to keep up with the demand for change.

在现在和21世纪的这段时期,这个世界上最富裕和最先进的国家的公民将会发现赶上变化的需求越来越难了。 find+it+adj.+to do sth.。 这两个女孩长得很像,陌生人很难把她们区分开。

The two girls are so alike that strangers find_it_difficult_to_tell one from the other.

4.It's not about making men more like women, but helping men to communicate as well.

其目的不是令男人更像女人,而是帮助男人同样良好地沟通。 not ...but ...“不是……而是……”。 (2016·江苏高考满分作文)说实在的,投票者有时候感到恼怒,不是因为他们厌恶投票,而是因为他们不喜欢被迫去投票。

To be honest, voters sometimes feel annoyed, not because they hate voting, but because they don't like being forced to do so.

5.Whatever I do, it will be with music.

我无论做什么,都与音乐有关。 whatever引导让步状语从句。 无论结果是什么,我都会平静地面对。

Whatever_the_result_is,_I will face it calmly.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.have_part­time_jobs 有兼职工作

2.have_meaning_to  对……有意义

3.have a surprise party举行一个惊喜派对

4.have conversation with friends

  与朋友对话

5.have fun doing  做……很愉快

6.have ... in common  有相同特征 1.the_largest_population  人口最多

2.two_hours_later  两个小时之后

3.even better  更好

4.a couple of  少数

5.check out  察看;观察

6.have a good knowledge of   通晓;精通 1.cartoon characters 卡通人物

2.wooden chopsticks  木质筷子

3.The bell rang loudly.  铃声大作。

4.It is fun to do做……是有趣的

5.hold one's hand 握住某人的手

6.shake hands with sb.和某人握手

 

一、过重点单词——

1.reward n.奖赏,回报vt.奖赏;给以报酬

[教材原句] The old lady is offering a reward of $50 to anyone who finds her cat for her!

老妇人给为她找到猫的人提供50美元作为奖赏!

(1)in reward for ... 作为报酬;作为对……的报答

as a reward (for ...)   作为(对……的)报酬/奖赏

give/offer sb.a reward for sth.   因为某事而给某人报酬

(2)reward sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而奖赏某人,因为(做)某事给某人报酬

reward sb. with sth.   用某物回报某人

(3)rewarding adj.   有报酬的,报答的

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①As a reward for passing the test driving, he treated himself in the restaurant.

②May I give you a reward for your helping with my English?

③They rewarded the champion with some flowers and applause when the match ended.

一句多译

我送给他一块手表来答谢他的帮助。

④I_gave_him_a_watch_in_reward_for_his_help.(reward n.)

⑤As_a_reward_for_his_help,_I_gave_him_a_watch.(reward n.)

⑥I_rewarded_him_with_a_watch_for_his_help.(reward v.)

2.charge vt.收费,要价;指控;充电n.负责;费用 

[教材原句] Lawyers charge higher fees than doctors.

律师比医生收费高。

(1)charge sb. money for ....  向某人索取……的费用

free of charge=for free   免费

charge sb. with ...   指控某人……

(2)in charge of   主管……,掌管/管理……

in/under the charge of sb.  在某人的掌管之下,由某人负责

take charge of   管理,负责

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①He charged the minister with lying about the economy.

②He earned $9.05 an hour in charge of getting carts out of the parking lot.

③The Guide tells us that the Wellness Centre offers services free of_charge/for free.

④This kindergarten is in the charge of a young girl.

句型转换

He can't take charge of the company because he is too young.

⑤He can't be in charge of the company because he is too young.

⑥The company can't  be in/under the charge of him because he is too young.

完成句子

⑦We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren't_charged_extra_fees_for_it.

我们从来没有待过如此令人惊奇的房间,而且也没有收取我们额外的费用。

⑧She has decided to take_charge_of_her_life by killing the negativity with ambition.

她已经满怀信心地决定去除掉负面情绪来掌握自己的人生。

3.consult vt.请教;查阅

[教材原句] He should consult Mr.Jensen about the new account on the 24th.

他应该向延森先生咨询24号的最新报道。

(1)consult sb. about sth.      向某人请教/咨询某事;就某事与某人磋商/交换意见

consult with sb. about sth.   与某人商量某事

(2)consultant n.   顾问

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①You shouldn't have done it without consulting (consult) me.

②He consulted with his partners about the investment.

③He often goes to my office to consult me about the method of learning English.

④He felt quite honored to become the President's consultant (consult) on economic affairs.

4.commit vt.投入;使承诺;犯(错误,罪行等)

[教材原句] I discovered then that as long as I am committed and never give up I will be able to produce high quality reports.

那时我发现,只要我具有献身精神,决不放弃,就能写出高质量的报道。

(1)commit sb. to (doing) sth.  使某人承诺(做)某事

commit oneself to (doing) sth.   答应(做)某事

commit sth. to sth.   调拨,拨出……供使用

commit suicide/a crime/a murder  自杀/犯罪/谋杀

(2)commitment n.   承诺;保证;承担义务;奉献

make a commitment/promise   作出承诺

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①The contract commits him to playing (play) for the team for the next three years.

②The local government has committed large amounts of money to housing projects.

③The government committed itself (it) to reducing taxes.

④The poor woman made a commitment that she would take care of her children for ever.

5.hesitate v.犹豫,踌躇,不愿意,有顾虑

[高考佳句] If you want to know more about Chinese history, don't hesitate to ask me.(2016·北京高考书面表达)

如果你想了解更多的中国历史,就直接来问我。

(1)hesitate to do sth. 不愿意做某事,对做某事有顾虑

hesitate about/over (doing) sth. 对(做)某事犹豫不决

(2)hesitation n.   踌躇,犹豫

without hesitation   毫不犹豫地

have no hesitation in doing sth.   毫不犹豫地做某事

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Please do not hesitate to_contact (contact) me if you have any questions.

②He jumped into the water to save the drowning girl without hesitation.

③I hesitate about/over taking his side until I know the whole story.

单句改错

④After some hesitate, the manager decided to go on the discussion.hesitate→hesitation

⑤We are at your service. Don't hesitate turn to us if you have any further requests.hesitate后加to

句型转换(对②改写)

⑥He had no hesitation in jumping into the water to save the drowning girl.

⑦He didn't hesitate to jump into the water to save the drowning girl. 

6.decrease v.& n.减少,降低

[教材原句] Jobs in farming, coal mining and heavy industry are decreasing rapidly.

农业、煤矿业和重工业的职位正迅速减少。

(1)decrease in ...       在……(方面)降低/减少

decrease to/by ...   减少到/减少了……

decrease from ...to ...   从……减少/降低到……

(2)on the decrease/increase   正在减少/增加

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①There has been a decrease in_the number of employees this year.

②After taking the medicine, his temperature decreased from 40 ℃ to 36.8 ℃.

完成句子

③Five years ago the population of the village was 2, 000.Now it's 1,500, which means that it_has_decreased_by_25%.

五年前这个村庄的人口是2 000人,现在是1 500人,那意味着人口已经下降了25%。

④The number of this kind of bird_is_on_the_decrease every year.

这种鸟的数量每年在减少。

7.operate vi.运转;运作;做手术,起作用 vt.操作;经营

[教材原句] Similarly, companies will operate in different ways.

类似地,公司也会以多种形式运营。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中operate 的含义

①This sewing­machine doesn't operate properly.运转

②The medicine will operate in ten minutes.起作用

③The Lewis family operated a number of boats on the canal.经营

④No matter which machine he operates, he will do with it carefully.操作

⑤If the doctor had operated on him earlier, he wouldn't have died.做手术

[系统考点]

(1)operate on=give/perform an operation on 给……做手术

(2)operation n.  运作;经营;手术

bring/put ...into operation  使……运作/转;实施

come/go into operation  实施,开始生效

in operation  在运行/转中,起作用

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑥It's reported that the local government will bring/put the new law into operation next month.

⑦When the machine is in operation (operate), keep away from it.

完成句子

⑧The doctor is_operating_on the patient.

医生正在给病人做手术。

⑨The new regulations will_come/go_into_operation next Sunday.

新的规章下星期日起生效。

8.respond vi.反应;回复,回答

[教材原句] Many more people will work for small, dynamic companies which can respond quickly to changes in the market.

很多人将在那些充满活力的小公司里工作,因为这些公司能够对市场的变化迅速地作出反应。

(1)respond to        回答……,对……作出反应

(2)response n.   回答;反应;响应

make a/no response to ...   对……给予/没有回答

in response to   作为对……的回应

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Scientists say the results suggest that the heart is able to influence how the brain responds to a fearful event.

②The famous film star made no response to the question asked by reporters.

③These comments came in response to specific questions often asked by local new men.

一句多译

她没有回答我的问题。

④She_didn't_respond_to_my_questions.(respond)

⑤She_made_no_response_to_my_questions.(response)

他的评论是对学生提出问题的回复。

⑥His remarks came to respond_to_the_questions raised by the students.(respond to)

⑦His remarks came in_response_to_the_questions raised by the students.(in response to)

9.bother vt.烦扰,打扰;使恼怒;使不安vi.烦恼,担心;麻烦,费心n.麻烦;令人烦恼的事或人

[高考佳句] I'm sorry to bother you, but could you direct me to the station?(2014·湖北高考短文写作)

对不起打扰你了,你能告诉我去车站的路吗?

(1)bother sb. with/about sth.  因某事麻烦(打扰)某人

bother about sth.   为某事费心,为某事烦恼

bother to do/doing sth.   费/操心做某事

It bothers/bothered sb. that ... 使某人烦恼/担心的是……

(2)put sb. to any bother   给某人添乱

why bother   没有必要吧;何苦那么麻烦

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①In this kind of high­pressure situation, many leaders bother their assistants with/about frequent meetings.

②With so many things bothering (bother) me, I hope you can offer me some practical advice.

③I don't want to put him to any bother, so I try doing it by myself.

④Most of the papers didn't even bother reporting/to_report (report) it.

完成句子

⑤Although we've been delighted to have you as neighbors, we're hoping to settle something that_bothers_us.

尽管我很高兴有你做邻居,但我们依然希望去解决一些令我们烦恼的事情。

⑥—Mum, shall we go and see a film tonight?

—Why_bother? We can stay at home and watch films online.

——妈妈,今晚我们可以去看电影吗?

——何苦那么麻烦?我们可以待在家里看网络电影啊。

⑦It_bothers_Tom_that he can't find a job that he really likes.

使汤姆烦恼的是,他不能找到一份他真正喜欢的工作。

 

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.With some hesitation (hesitate) and an uncertain smile, she held out her hand.

2.In response to complaints, the company reviewed its safety procedures.

3.Consult your doctor about how much exercise you should attempt.

4.We have no idea when the housing prices decrease to the level we can afford.

5.Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream.It somewhat bothers (bother) us.

6.As long as you've paid in advance, we won't charge you for delivery.

7.The old professor received a title as a reward for his contributions to the nation.

8.Giving up my job to go back to full­time education was a big commitment (commit), but I knew it was the best decision I ever made.

9.In the good care of the nurses, the boy is gradually recovering from his heart operation (operate).

10.Do you know when this kind of robot came into existence (exist).

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.The government must commit itself to improve social security and health care._improve→improving

2.The demand for tea is to the decrease each year.to→on

3.Please don't hesitate to tell me in case of you need something.去掉of

4.The doctors decided to operate the patient for his lung cancer.operated后加on

5.The hospital is in charge of me when he is away.in后加the

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.If there is something else I can do for you, please_don't_hesitate_to_contact_me.

如果我还能为你做点什么,请马上与我联系。

2.Before we accept the firm's offer we must consult_with_the_workers.

我们与工人们商量后才能接受公司的条件。

3.With the ticket, you may get a French fries free_of_charge_ in KFC.

凭此券你可以在肯德基免费得到一份法式炸薯条。

4.You mentioned that you_could_teach_English_as_a_reward,_which is exactly what I want.

你提到作为回报你可以教我英语,这也正是我想要的。

5.When asked about the company's future, the director responded_that_he_remained_optimistic.

当被问到公司的未来的时候,经理回答说他依然乐观。

二、过短语、句式——

1.make up占,形成,构成;弥补;编造;整理;化妆;和好;组成

[经典例句] He made up some excuse about his daughter being sick.(牛津P1056)

他编了个借口,说他的女儿病倒了。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中make up的含义

①They made up a bed for me on the sofa.整理

②Women make up only 30% of the workforce.占

③Can I leave early this time and make up the time next time?弥补

④I think it's very unkind of you to make up stories about her.编造

⑤In order to attend the important meeting, she spends too much time making herself up.化妆

[系统考点]

make out       (费力)理解;假装;辨认出;看清楚

make it   取得成功;准时到达;做到了

be made up of   由……组成

make for   移向,走向;促成;有利于

make up for   弥补,补偿

make up one's mind   下定决心

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑥They'll do all that they can to make up for the economic losses.

⑦Our class is made up of 30 students.

⑧He never really made it as an actor.

完成句子

⑨He made_up_his_mind never to quarrel with his wife.

他决心不再和妻子吵架了。

⑩I heard the voices, but couldn't make_out what they were saying.

我听到有声音,却听不清他们在说些什么。

[联想发散] be made up of 表示“由……组成/构成”,其同义短语还有:consist of, be composed of等。

2.pay off得到好结果,得到回报;取得成功;还清,偿清;(付清工资后)解雇

[教材原句] This paid off because she won an award for the report.

(她的坚持)获得了回报, 因为她的报道获奖了。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中pay off的含义

①It took them five years to pay off the debt.还清,偿清

②Her design won the first prize in the competition.Years of patience and hard work had at last paid off.得到好结果,得到回报

③The boss paid off the employee due to his bad management.(付清工资后)解雇

[系统考点]

pay back         偿还(欠款);报复

pay for   付……的钱;因…而受惩罚

pay a visit to   参观……;看望……

pay attention to   注意

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

④He had to work part­time in order to pay for his education.

⑤That I can pay back the help people give me makes me happy.

⑥The teacher told the student to pay attention to his spelling.

完成句子

⑦I also hope that the great effort I am making will pay_off.

我同样希望我的巨大努力将得到回报。

⑧We're pleased to hear that your US School Delegation will pay_a_visit_to our school on June 26th.

我们很高兴地听说你们美国学校访问团将在6月26日访问我们的学校。

3.in case以防万一;万一;假如

[高考佳句] It was considerate of Michael to inform us of his delay in case we got worried.(2015·福建高考)

迈克尔真是体贴,他通知我们他会晚点来以防我们着急。

in case of ...       假如……,在……情况下

in any case   无论如何,不管怎样

in no case   绝不,在任何情况下都不(位于句首时,句子部分倒装)

in this/that case   如果是这样/那样的话

as is often the case   这是常有的事

[题点全练] 完成句子

①You'd better take the key in_case I'm out.

你最好带着钥匙以防我不在家。

②Many people are at a loss as to what to do in_case_of a real fire.

一旦真的发生火灾,许多人就不知所措。

③In_no_case shall we allow smoking in the classroom.

我们决不允许在教室里抽烟。

④It is said that we'll have to do extra work on Sunday.In_that_case,_we can't go to a movie.

据说周末我们将做额外的工作。如果是那样的话,我们就不能去看电影了。

[名师指津] in case后跟状语从句时,从句用一般现在时表示将来,有时可用“should+动词原形”。

4.find+it+adj.+to do sth.

Between now and the 21st century, citizens of the world's richest and most advanced nations will find_it_more_and_more_difficult_to_keep_up_with the demand for change.

在现在和21世纪的这段时期,这个世界上最富裕和最先进的国家的公民将会发现赶上变化的需求越来越难了。

 

(1)句中使用了“find+it+adj.+to do sth.”结构。其中it作形式宾语,真正的宾语是不定式短语“to keep up with the demand for change”,形容词difficult作宾语补足语。

(2)it 作形式宾语,用于“动词+it+宾补+真正的宾语”即“6123”结构中:

 

①He said a lot but didn't make it clear when and where the meeting would be held.

他说了很多但还没有说明白会议什么时候以及在哪里召开。

②No matter where he is, he makes it a rule to_go (go) for a walk after supper.

不管在哪里,晚饭后都要去散步,这是他的惯例。

③Nobody thinks it easy that one can succeed without outside support.

没有人认为不需要外力的支持就能够轻易取得成功。

5.as long as引导条件状语从句

I discovered then that as_long_as I am committed and never give up I will be able to produce high quality reports.

那时我发现,只要我具有献身精神,决不放弃,就能写出高质量的报道。

 

(1)as long as/so long as “只要”,引导条件状语从句。

(2)引导条件状语从句的其他连词有:unless, in case, on condition that, provided/providing (that), suppose/supposing (that), assume/assuming (that), (only) if, given (that) 等。

①You won't find paper­cutting difficult as_long_as you keep practicing it.

只要你不断练习,你就不会觉得剪纸很难。

②Assume/Assuming (assume) you were a manager of a company, which college student do you want to employ?

假设你是一个公司的经理,你想雇佣哪一个大学生呢?

③You'll make success sooner or later on_condition_that you don't lose heart or give up.

只要不失去信心或放弃,你迟早会成功的。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.In addition, he got his position promoted and wage increased. All these showed that the efforts he had made paid off.

2.Leave this notice hanging on your door, asking the servant to make up your room.

3.As is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived.

4.No matter how late she comes home, she makes it a routine to walk her dog for about an hour.

5.You may work in the office for an afternoon as you like as long as you clean it up afterwards.

Ⅱ.翻译句子

1.主要由于缺乏政府资金而使得这项工程被迫放弃。(due to)

The_project_had_to_be_abandoned_largely_due_to_a_lack_of_government_funding.

2.只要你离他们远一点,你就会安全。(as long as)

As_long_as_you_can_keep_them_away,_you're_safe.

3.我觉得理解美国之音慢速英语节目并不难。

(find+it+adj.+to do sth.)

I_don't_feel_it_difficult_to_understand_the_VOA_Special_English_program.

4.留一把钥匙给你邻居,以免有一天你把自己锁在门外。(in case)

Leave_one_of_your_keys_with_your_neighbor_in_case_you_lock_yourself_out_one_day.

Ⅲ.句型转型/句式升级

1.Alisha fell asleep the moment she got into bed.(改为同义句)

→Alisha fell asleep immediately/directly/instantly she got into bed.

2.In addition to calculations, the most frequent use for a computer is probably “information retrieval”.(改为同义句)

→Besides/Apart from/As well as calculations,_the most frequent use for a computer is probably “information retrieval”.

3.You will find it is enjoyable to see a dentist.

→You_will_find_it_enjoyable_to_see_a_dentist.(用it作形式宾语)

4.He may win the competition. In this case he is likely to get into the school team.

→He_may_win_the_competition,_in_which_case_he_is_likely_to_get_into_the_school_team.(用非限制性定语从句改写)

三、过语法、写作——

 

 

(一)单元小语法

  ——直接引语和间接引语

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.He said that his car had_been_stolen (steal) and he would have to telephone the police.

2.Mother asked me what was (be) the matter with me when I didn't feel very well.

3.Mr.Brown is said to have_written (write) a new novel.

4.That man insisted that he (should)_be_sent (send) there at once.

5.The teacher told us that light travels (travel) faster than sound.

6.He told us that he went (go) to college in 2003.

7.My mother asked me whether I had_finished (finish) my homework before I watched TV.

8.Tom said that they were_having (have) a football match that time the day before.

9.The teacher warned the students not_to_touch (not touch) anything in the lab without permission.

10.She said that her father is (be) twenty­eight years older than her.

Ⅱ.句型转换(把直接引语改为间接引语)

1.“I will try my best to publish her diary,” said Anne's father.

→Anne's father said that he would try his best to publish her diary.

2.“China is the biggest developing country in the world,” said Mr Smith.

→Mr Smith said that China is the biggest developing country in the world.

3.“Did you see the film last night?” asked Bob.

→Bob asked me _whether I had seen the film the night before.

4.“How did you get this information?” Miss Liu asked him.

→Miss Liu asked him how he had got_ that information.

5.My teacher always said, “What an interesting and challenging job teaching is!”

→My teacher always said what_ an interesting and challenging job teaching was.

6.The officer said to him,“Put up your hand.”

→The officer ordered him to put up his hand.

7.The old man said to me,“Help me, please.”

→The old man asked me to help him.

8.Lily said to me,“Are you going to see the film tonight?”

→Lily asked me if/whether I was going to see the film that night.

9.My sister asked me, “Have you finished your work?”

→My sister asked me_if/whether I had finished my work.

10.The young lady said,“I work in a school.”

→The young lady told us that she worked_in a school.

(二)课堂微写作

  练扩写——让意蕴更丰满

 

[题目要求]

假设你是李华,将于今年7月从北京外国语大学毕业。你从报纸上得知B&B公司要招聘一名英文秘书,很感兴趣,决定给该公司写一封求职信。根据以上介绍把下面的文章扩写成100词左右。

[扩写提示]

Dear Manager,

I am 22 this year. I am graduating from Beijing Foreign Studies University this coming July. I've been doing pretty fine with my lessons. I'm particularly good at spoken English, and can type very fast.I can always get along well with others in a team. I like to engage myself in some outdoor activities.

Yours,

Li Hua

[答案示例]

Dear Manager,

I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary. So I'm now writing to you in the hope of filling in the job vacancy.

I have just turned 22 this year, and am graduating from Beijing Foreign Studies University this coming July. I've been doing pretty fine with my lessons. As a major in English, I'm particularly good at spoken English, and can type very fast, which I think will make an advantage for me. Besides, I can always get along well with others in a team. In my spare time,I like to engage myself in some outdoor activities.

               I would be grateful if I could be given the job.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

                   

A

(2018·辽宁铁岭模拟)Modern life can be stressful. It's full of pressure and hardships, worries and annoyances. But after years of being dosed up by doctors and seeking solutions on the self­help shelves, can most common complaints be cured through your next holiday?

The festival doctor will see you now.

Complaint Prescription(处方) Dosage(剂量)

Guilty Restart yourself at the Wanderlust Festival. A weekend at any Wanderlust Festival should restrain some of the shame you are feeling.

Empty your mind with meditation (冥想) sessions in the mountains of America or adjust your feelings with a sound bath in Santiago, Chile.

Heart­broken Find one of your favourite fish in the sea at Ireland's mat­chmaking festival in September. A week at Ireland's matchmaking festival could be a choice as Ireland's mythical matchmakers (媒人) have been pairing lovers together for centuries. Try to find Willie Daly, a fourth­generation matchmaker, for your best chance of everlasting  love. Those who touch his lucky book are said to fall in love and marry within six months.

Sad A healthy dose of laughter at Just for Lau­ghs in Montreal, Canada in July. Have fun at the largest comedy festival,  which attracts more than two million ha­ha hunters every  summer. Apart from 250 comedy acts, there will be walkabout theatre, circus acts and lots of new comedy films to make you laugh to tears.

Over­thinking Get nourishing food for your thought at the UK's HowThe­LightGetsIn in May. Spend a week or so in the  company of like­minded individuals and you will see you are not the  only one over­thinking things. The world's largest philosophy festival, held in Hay­on­Wye, will have talks, debates and classes on culture, philosophy, politics, art and science.

语篇解读:现代生活中因为压力,人们会产生很多情绪问题。我们可以通过参加不同节日的各项活动改善自己的情绪。

21.What will you do when celebrating the festival Just for Laughs in Montreal?

A.You will empty your mind with meditation sessions.

B.You will be thrilled and your depression will be removed.

C.You will burst into tears by watching comedy films.

D.You will have discussions on the meaning of life.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据“Apart from 250 comedy acts, there will be walkabout theatre, circus acts and lots of new comedy films to make you laugh to tears”可知,在Just for Laughs中有很多喜剧,让你笑到流泪,可以治愈悲伤的情绪,故选C。

22.Where can you spend a few days if you are thinking too much about work?

A.At the Wanderlust Festival.

B.At HowTheLightGetsIn.

C.At Just for Laughs.

D.At Ireland's matchmaking festival.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据表格的内容可知,当你考虑太多的时候,可以到英国参加HowTheLightGetsIn活动,故选B。

23.What does the festival doctor specialize in according to the passage?

A.Treating people falling ill during festivals.

B.Listening to people's complaints during festivals.

C.Offering a cure through the festival form.

D.Celebrating the festivals with the patients.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据文中的“But after years of being dosed up by doctors and seeking solutions on the self­help shelves, can most common complaints be cured through your next holiday”和“The festival doctor will see you now”可知,the festival doctor会对那些有情绪问题的病人以节日活动的形式进行治疗,故选C。

B

I have a neighbor we call “Happy”. I have never seen her angry at anything and never heard her say a harsh word to anyone or about anyone.

Happy and her husband Ben, 70, have a huge garden.They spent many happy hours together working on it.Most of the neighbors watched interestingly as Ben doubled the size of their garden.As the cost of food climbed faster than Ben's beans, we all wished we also had such a large garden.As the rest of us spent our dollars at the market, Happy could be seen picking beans in her back yard.

Last month, Happy and Ben invited most of the neighborhood over for an “all day food festival”.We were told to bring gloves and arrive very early in the morning.We didn't know what was about to take place.

By 9:00 am, there were nine of us in the garden picking tomatoes, beans, okra, and squash.By 10:00 am, there was lots of laughter.We shared a lot of stories.By five o'clock, everyone was a little drunk from the wine and beer.After dinner, we played games.As we were leaving, Happy and Ben handed each of us a shopping bag filled with the bounty of the day, already packaged and frozen.What a delightful gift!

Well, the point wasn't so much about the food.The true gift was a day of friends enjoying one another's company.None of it would have happened if it had been for Happy and Ben's garden.Now they have a blog about gardening in case we decided to plant a garden.And I am so proud of my tomato plants!

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。主要介绍了作者的邻居有一个自己的花园,里面种植了很多瓜果蔬菜。一次这对夫妇邀请邻居们去他们的家里面做客,并赠给他们许多花园里面出产的东西。从而让很多邻居开始建设自己的小花园。

24.According to Paragraph 2, people wished they also had a garden so that ________.

A.they could spend happy times together with their family in it

B.they could grow vegetables and sell at the market

C.they could invite their neighbors and hold parties in it

D.they didn't have to spend so much money on food

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据第二段“As the cost of food climbed faster than Ben's beans ... Happy could be seen picking beans in her back yard.”,可知人们主要是想节约买食物的钱,故选D。

25.For what purpose did Happy and Ben invite the neighbors to their garden?

A.To ask them to attend a birthday party.

B.To help them get to know each other.

C.To let them enjoy what they grew in the garden.

D.To ask them to share some interesting stories.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据短文第四段描述,可知他们主要是让邻居来分享他们在花园中种植的东西,故选C。

26.What did the writer most probably think of the time he spent in the garden?

A.He thought it was too short but enjoyable.

B.He thought it was wonderful.

C.He thought it was not as good as he thought.

D.He thought it was too terrible.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据最后一段的描述可知他认为在这个花园里面度过的时光好极了。故选B。

27.We can infer that ________.

A.Happy and her husband Ben don't like spending time with others

B.Happy and her husband Ben sometimes quarrel with each other

C.Happy and her husband Ben are a generous and warm­hearted couple

D.Happy and her husband Ben live on the food they grow in their garden

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据短文第四段描述,可知这对夫妇是慷慨热心的人,故选C。

C

(2018·河南省三湘名校教育联盟联考)In many developed countries, people who have high degrees begin to work longer than those who don't. About 65% of American men aged 62-74 with a professional degree are in the workforce (劳动人口), compared with 32% of men who only finish high school. This gap is part of a deepening divide between the well­educated wealthy and the unskilled poor. Rapid technological advance has raised the incomes of the highly skilled while squeezing those of the unskilled. The consequences, for individuals and society, are profound.

The world is facing an astonishing rise in the number of old people, and they will live longer than ever before. Over the next 20 years the global population of those aged 65 or more will almost double, from 600 million to 1.1 billion. The experience of the 20th century, when greater longevity (长寿) translated into more years in retirement rather than more years at work, has persuaded many observers that this shift (变化) will lead to slower economic growth, while the swelling (渐增的) ranks of pensioners will create government budget problems.

Policies are partly responsible. Many European governments have abandoned policies that used to encourage people to retire early. Even the better­off must work longer to have a comfortable retirement. But the changing nature of work also plays a big role. Pay has risen sharply for the highly educated, and those people continue to reap (获得) rich rewards into old age because these days the educated elderly are more productive than the preceding (先前的) generation. Technological change may well reinforce (强化) that shift: the skills that complement (补充) computers, from management know­how to creativity, do not necessarily decline with age.

 

28.What is the common phenomenon in the workforce in rich countries?

A.Younger people are replacing the elderly.

B.Well­educated people tend to work longer.

C.People with no college degree cannot find any job.

D.Unemployment rates are decreasing year after year.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据文章第一段的第一句“In many developed countries, people who have high degrees begin to work longer than those who don't”可知,在发达国家,受过良好教育的人的工作年限更长,故选B。

29.In view of the experience of the 20th century, many observers predict that ________.

A.economic growth will slow down

B.government budgets will decrease

C.more people will try to receive higher education

D.there will be more competition in the job market

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第二段的最后一句“The experience of the 20th century, when greater longevity (长寿) translated into more years in retirement rather than more years at work, has persuaded many observers that this shift (变化) will lead to slower economic growth, while the swelling (渐增的) ranks of pensioners will create government budget problems”可知,选A。

30.According to the text, what is the result of policy changes in European countries?

A.Unskilled workers may choose to retire early.

B.More and more people have to go abroad to hunt for jobs.

C.People may be able to use computers to do more complicated work.

D.Even wealthy people must work longer to live comfortably in retirement.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据最后一段的第三句“Even the better­off must work longer to have a comfortable retirement”可知,欧洲国家政策的变化导致富有的人也必须工作更长时间才能过上舒服的退休生活,故选D。

31.The underlined word “know­how” in the last paragraph probably refers to “________”.

A.a completely different environment

B.practical knowledge and technical skills

C.a better understanding of policy changes

D.the courage to face difficulties and dangers

解析:选B 词义猜测题。根据最后一段的最后一句“Technological change may well reinforce (强化) that shift: the skills that complement (补充) computers, from management know­how to creativity, do not necessarily decline with age”可知,know­how是对skills的限定修饰,由此可推知,know­how指相应的技能和知识,故选B。

D

(2018·安徽省示范高中皖北协作区联考)A record of 6.15 million trips was made by Chinese mainland tourists to overseas destinations during the seven­day Spring Festival holiday, which ended on Thursday, according to the China National Tourism Administration. That is an increase of 7 percent compared with last year's Spring Festival. About 374,000 trips were organized by travel agencies, a 2.5 percent increase.

The administration also reported growth from individual and high­end (高端的) travelers and said that in addition to top and coastal cities, inland cities — such as those in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region — became important source markets. With many Chinese now traveling abroad for Spring Festival, their choice of destinations has expanded along with their growing interest in foreign cultures and services.

“Chinese tourists are increasingly willing to experience local cultures and services, including staying in private homes, appreciating plants and watching monkeys in hot springs,” Li Xuejing, the agency's marketing manager, said.

A Chinese tourist surnamed Guo, who was vacationing on an island in the Philippines, said: “I now pay more attention to relaxation and enjoyment during the holidays instead of shopping or choosing gifts for relatives.”

Another choice is Britain. Though the devaluation (货币贬值) of the pound is a factor, Britain's rich history and famous education tradition have caught the eye of Chinese.

语篇解读:本文是一篇新闻报道。国家旅游局统计,在今年春节期间去海外旅游的游客人数比去年同期有所增长。文章分析了造成这一现象的原因。

32.How many trips were made to foreign countries during the Golden Week of this Spring Festival holiday?

A.6,150,000.  B.2,500,000.

C.7,000,000.  D.374,000.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第一段的第一句“A record of 6.15 million trips was made by Chinese mainland tourists to overseas destinations during the seven­day Spring Festival holiday, which ended on Thursday, according to the China National Tourism Administration”可知,在春节黄金周期间,中国大陆赴海外旅游的人次达到6 150 000,故A项正确。

33.What can we learn about some inland cities in Guangxi?

A.They're reported to have become important attractions.

B.They're famous for all kinds of plants and monkeys.

C.They have the best hot spring in the world.

D.They belong to coastal source markets.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句中的“in addition to top and coastal cities, inland cities — such as those in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region — became important source markets”可知,广西壮族自治区的许多城市也成了重要的旅游地,故A项正确。

34.What would Miss Guo do on her vacation according to the text?

A.Go shopping for gifts.

B.Study foreign cultures.

C.Relax and enjoy herself.

D.Chat with her relatives.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第四段的“I now pay more attention to relaxation and enjoyment during the holidays instead of shopping or choosing gifts for relatives”可知,这位郭姓游客认为现在她的旅游目的是放松和享受而不是购物或为亲人挑选礼物;据此可知,她在旅游期间会放松和享受。

35.Where does the text probably come from?

A.A guide book.  

B.A newspaper.

C.A scientific magazine.  

D.An advertisement.

解析:选B 文章出处题。通读全文可知,文章第一段的第一句为文章主题句;结合下文内容可知,文章属于新闻报道,符合新闻报道文体的结构特征:先写明报道主题,接着分析原因。故B项正确。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

Tips to Manage Stress

You can't rid stress from your life completely, but you can reduce it. Know that it takes some efforts because you may have to make changes in your attitude and lifestyle. Reducing stress requires that you know how you react to stress. If you know, you can change your behavior. __36__. See the glass as half full instead of half empty. Also, develop a strategy for handling stressful situations. This way, you won't be caught off guard (措手不及). Here are the helpful tips:

 __37__

When your body is healthy, it can stand up to stress. Keep your body healthy and strong with nutritious foods.A low­fat diet helps slow the progress of some stress­related diseases. Avoid caffeine (咖啡因), nicotine (尼古丁) and alcohol.

Laugh

__38__. When you laugh or just smile, the blood which flows to the brain is increased. It is due to the release of endorphins (内啡肽) which results in a drop in the level of stress hormones (荷尔蒙).

Be social

When you feel stress, your instincts tell you to isolate yourself. When you withdraw, you allow yourself to concentrate more on the problem, which makes your stress level greater. __39__. Be around with young children, who can help make you forget yourself and your worries.

Know your stress and personality

Do you know how to react to stress? Do you yell and kick the furniture? Or do you retreat into stony silence? __40__. Make note of any stressor, the time, the place, how you feel, and what you do as a result. By knowing  your own personality, you can learn to respond to stress before you reach the crisis mode.

A.Call friends

B.Support your co­workers

C.Add good nutrition and exercise

D.Keep a stress diary for two weeks

E.Participate as actively as possible

F.Try to be more optimistic and confident

G.It may be one of the healthiest ways to reduce stress

 

36.解析:选F 由下文的“See the glass as half full instead of half empty”可推知,改变态度很重要,要努力变得更加乐观和自信,所以选F项。

37.解析:选C 空处为本段的标题,根据本段中的“Keep your body healthy and strong with nutritious foods”可知,本段主要讲的是增加营养和多锻炼身体可以应对压力,故选C项。

38.解析:选G 根据常识并结合本段的整体内容可推知,笑也许是减少压力的最健康的方法之一,所以选G项。选项G中的It代指“Laugh”。

39.解析:选A 结合本段的标题“Be social”可推知,本段主要讲的是多参加社交活动,不要自我封闭,所以选A项。

40.解析:选D 由下文的“Make note of any stressor, the time, the place, how you feel, and what you do as a result”可知,把与压力有关的东西都记下来,分析并采取相应的策略,这与D项契合,所以选D项。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·江西省红色十校联考)Brian Tagalog was born without arms. But that didn't __41__ him from leading a normal life. The __42__ young man believes he is the only certified tattoo (文身) artist without arms in the world.

A __43__ of Honolulu, Tagalog moved with his family to Tucson. He had always shown an interest in drawing, and set his mind on becoming a __44__ tattoo artist. Not many people gave him a chance, but he __45__ improved his foot drawing skills and operated the tattoo gun with his __46__.

Brian's mother admits that __47__ him was not easy, but she always made it a(n) __48__ to let him explore his options. “The day I gave birth to him, well, I was shocked, but we never hid him. I didn't __49__ him in any way.” And perhaps that's what gave him the __50__ to achieve his dreams, __51__ the very obvious absence of two limbs. “I was born without arms,” he said. “But that has not __52__ me down to pursue my dream.”

At first, finding a shop that would __53__ him proved a very difficult thing. He __54__ many tattoo shops and got no calls back. He didn't give up; __55__, Brian finally runs his own shop. Brian uses a(n) __56__ technique to tattoo — he draws the design on clients' skin with one foot, __57__ using the other to stretch the skin. And eventually his tattoos always turn out to get his clients' __58__.

Brian hopes his success will __59__ others to follow their dreams bravely. Words and photos just don't do Brian Tagalog justice. You need to see him __60__ to witness how he works only with his feet.

语篇解读:本文是记叙文。文章讲述了生来没有胳膊的Brian Tagalog通过自己的不懈努力最终成为一名成功的文身艺术家的故事。

41.A.promote        B.preserve

C.protect  D.prevent

解析:选D 但是那没有阻止他过正常的生活。prevent sb. from doing sth.“阻止某人做某事”。

42.A.wise  B.ambitious

C.promising  D.handsome

解析:选B 这个有抱负的年轻人相信他是这个世界上唯一一个有资格证的无臂文身艺术家。wise“睿智的”;ambitious“有雄心的,有抱负的”;promising“有前途的”;handsome“英俊的”。

43.A.visitor  B.foreigner

C.stranger  D.native

解析:选D 根据后文的“moved with his family to Tucson”可知,此处指Tagalog是一个Honolulu的当地人。foreigner“外国人”;stranger“陌生人”;native“当地人,本地人”。

44.A.professional  B.normal

C.temporary  D.conservative

解析:选A 他总是表现出在绘画方面的兴趣,并且下决心成为一名专业的文身艺术家。professional“专业的,职业的”;normal“正常的”;temporary“暂时的”;conservative“保守的”。

45.A.steadily  B.occasionally

C.effectively  D.frequently

解析:选A 并不是很多人给他机会,但是他不断地磨练自己的脚部绘画技巧并且用自己的脚趾操作文身枪。steadily“持续地,不断地”;occasionally“偶尔,偶然”;effectively“高效地”;frequently“经常地,频繁地”。

46.A.fingers  B.toes

C.mouth  D.jaw

解析:选B 参见上题解析。空前的“foot”一词也是提示。

47.A.comforting  B.educating

C.raising  D.accompanying

解析:选C Brian的母亲承认抚养他长大不是一件容易的事儿。comfort“安慰”;educate“教育”;raise“养育,抚养”;accompany“陪伴”。

48.A.failure  B.point

C.adventure  D.destination

解析:选B 但她总是特别注意让他探究自己的选择。make it a point to“对……特别注意,努力做到”,是固定短语,符合语境。failure“失败”;adventure“冒险”;destination“目的地”。

49.A.defend  B.blame

C.abandon  D.shelter

解析:选D 根据上文的“but we never hid him”可知,此处应是指Brian的母亲不以任何形式庇护他。defend“保护”;blame“责备”;abandon“遗弃”;shelter“庇护,遮蔽”。

50.A.confidence  B.determination

C.freedom  D.enthusiasm

解析:选A 根据上下文语境,此处应是表示尽管他没有胳膊,但是Brian的家人所采取的更为积极的让Brian成长的方式或许正是给予他实现梦想的自信心的东西。confidence“自信心”;determination“决心”;freedom“自由”;enthusiasm“热情”。

51.A.apart from  B.in

C.regardless of  D.despite

解析:选D 参见上题解析。apart from“除了”;regardless of“不管,不顾”;despite“尽管”。

52.A.turned  B.calmed

C.slowed  D.tracked

解析:选C 他说:“我生来没有胳膊,但是那并没有让我放慢追求自己梦想的速度。”turn sb. down“拒绝某人”;calm sb. down“使某人镇静下来”;slow sb. down“使某人慢下来”;track sb. down“追查到,追踪到”。

53.A.hire  B.support

C.serve  D.fund

解析:选A 根据下文中的“... got no calls back”“He didn't give up; ________, Brian finally runs his own shop”可知,此处应是指起初,找到一个愿意雇用他的店铺被证实是一件非常困难的事情。hire“雇用”;support“支持”;serve“为……服务”;fund“资助”。

54.A.adapted to  B.appealed to

C.attached to  D.applied to

解析:选D 根据上下文的内容可知,此处表示他应聘了好多家店,但是没有得到回信。apply to“向……申请”,符合语境。adapt to“适应”;appeal to“对……有吸引力”;attach to“与……有联系,与……有关联”。

55.A.otherwise  B.instead

C.still  D.however

解析:选B 他没有放弃,反而(instead)最后开了自己的店。

56.A.unique  B.funny

C.powerful  D.attractive

解析:选A 根据下文的内容可知,此处指Brian使用了一种独特的文身技巧。unique“独特的”;funny“有趣的”;powerful“强有力的”;attractive“吸引人的”。

57.A.before  B.if

C.while  D.unless

解析:选C 当他用另一只脚将皮肤抻平时,他用一只脚在顾客的皮肤上绘制图案。while“当……时”符合语境。before“在……之前”;if“如果”;unless“除非”。

58.A.instruction  B.admiration

C.doubt  D.complaint

解析:选B 而且最后他的文身总是会得到顾客的赞赏。instruction“指导”;admiration“赞赏”;doubt“怀疑”;complaint“投诉”。

59.A.inspire  B.urge

C.request  D.advise

解析:选A Brian希望他的成功能激励他人勇敢地追求梦想。inspire sb. to do sth.“激励某人去做某事”。urge“敦促”;request“要求”;advise“建议”。

60.A.in response  B.in advance

C.in action  D.in turn

解析:选C 根据语境可知,此处表示你需要见证在工作状态中的Brian。 in action“在活动中,在运转”,在此引申为“处于工作状态中”。in response“作为回应”;in advance“提前”;in turn“反过来”。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

There are many different taboos (禁忌) around the world. A taboo is a social action that is not __61__ (allow). Almost every culture in the world has __62__ (it) own taboos. When you meet people from different cultures, it is important __63__ (understand) what you can and cannot do. If we are not aware __64__ these differences, some unusual __65__ (thing) might happen. For instance, in China, it __66__ (be) rude to put the chopsticks into a bowl of rice straightly as it is often done for the dead. If you visit Nepal, you will find Nepalese often greet each other with the hands pressed together instead of shaking hands, __67__ in North America and the UK, people greet one another by __68__ (shake) hands. If you will do business with a South American, it seems __69__ (impolitely) to be dressed in the light colors. What about Japanese? They dislike the lotus and __70__ not give it as a gift to Japanese because they regard it as the mourning flower. While these different customs might seem strange to you, remember that what you consider normal probably seems just as unusual to others.

语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。介绍了世界各地的风俗禁忌,如尼泊尔人双手合十打招呼而北美、英国人则握手打招呼;在中国将筷子笔直地插入饭中是禁忌;在日本将莲花作为礼物是禁忌等。

61.allowed 考查动词的语态。该句是一个复合句,在that引导的定语从句中关系词that代指a social action,和动词allow之间是被动关系,故用被动语态。

62.its 考查代词。该句主语every culture和空后的own taboos之间为所有关系,故用形容词性物主代词its。

63.to understand 考查非谓语动词。分析该句结构可知,该句使用了it is/was+adj.+to do sth.的句型,其中it作形式主语,动词不定式作真正的主语。

64.of 考查固定搭配。be aware of为固定搭配,意为“意识到”;该句句意:如果我们没有意识到这些不同点,则可能发生一些不寻常的事情。

65.things 考查名词的数。根据该句中的some可知,可数名词thing应用复数形式。

66.is 考查动词的时态和主谓一致。该句主语为it,故用单数形式;该句表示将筷子笔直地插进饭中是不礼貌的行为,因为此举通常是为死人做的,根据语境可知,该句陈述的是一般常识,故用一般现在时。

67.while 考查连词。根据语境可知,此处表示尼泊尔人双手合十打招呼,而在北美和英国,人们通过握手打招呼。该空前后为转折关系,故用while。

68.shaking 考查动名词。空前的by为介词,故该空用动名词作介词的宾语。

69.impolite 考查形容词。该句中的seems为系动词,意为“似乎,看起来像”,后接形容词。该句句意:如果你将要和一个南美人做生意,穿着浅色服装似乎是不礼貌的。

70.do 考查动词的时态和主谓一致。结合语境可知,该句陈述的是一般常识,应用一般现在时,且主语为they,故该空用助动词do。

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Last summer holiday, I learned to swim. It was very unforgettable and interested. I went to the swimming pool without my father. He taught me what to swim. At first, I was afraid of dive in the water. And I felt uncomfortable in the water. But my father said he will protect me. Then I began to swim, and I couldn't swim forward to at all. It made me upset. Then my father told me how to move and how to stretch out  my hand and legs. Slow, I could move a little. In fact, it was not that easy. I learned it for almost half month. I was excited when my father told me I made it.

答案:第二句:interested→interesting

第三句:without→with

第四句:what→how

第五句:dive→diving

第七句:will→would

第八句:and→but; 去掉第二个to

第十句:hand→hands

第十一句:Slow→Slowly

第十三句:month前加a

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你和几位朋友决定利用周末的时间去参观当地的博物馆,请给你们班的英国交换生Peter写封电子邮件,邀请他参加。邮件的内容包括:

1.集合的时间和地点;

2.参观的时间和地点;

3.注意事项(馆内不能照相、参观时保持安静)。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

                                                                           

                                                                           

                                                                           

                                                                           

参考范文:

Dear Peter,

I'm writing to tell you that I will pay a visit to the museum of our city with some friends on Saturday morning. We will gather at the school gate and start out at 7:00 in the morning. Our visit will begin at 8:00 and it will last three hours. Please keep in mind that taking pictures is not allowed in the museum. In addition, during the visit, please keep quiet. I know you are very interested in our local customs and culture. This is surely a good chance for you to know more about them.

I would like to meet you there and please let me know your decision soon.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.You'll have to pay off your old loan before being allowed a new one.

2.Protective clothing must be worn when the machine is in operation (operate).

3.In response to complaints, the company reviewed its safety procedures.

4.He ran into the burning house to save the employee without hesitation.

5.I would advise people to think very carefully about committing themselves to working (work) on Sundays.

(二)单句改错 

1.What do you think he will charge us of delivery?of→for

2.They responded with my joke by laughing.with→to

3.When meeting with new words, we should consult to a dictionary.去掉to

4.The teacher asked the students to make out short dialogues by themselves.out→up

5.In fact, I still find hard to arrive there on time.find后加it

(三)完成句子

1.The manager told me to consult my colleagues in_case_of_any_difficulty.

经理告诉我如有困难向同事们请教。

2.I don't hesitate_to_write_to_you_to apply for the job the instant I see your ad.

一看到你们的广告,我就毫不犹豫地给你们写了这封求职信。

3.He made_up_some_excuse about his daughter being sick.

他编了个借口,说他的女儿病倒了。

4.It bothered_me_that she had not been promoted.

得知她没被提升,我心里很不安。

5.They called on Western nations to commit_more_money_to the poorest nations.

他们呼吁西方国家向极端贫困国家投入更多的钱。

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