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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高二辅导 > 淮南英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 13 People

淮南英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 13 People

Unit 13 People

 

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.self­assessment n.   自我评估

2.passive adj.   被动的,消极的

3.senior adj.   高级的

4.senior high   高中

5.physicist n.   物理学家

6.beard n.   胡须

7.*blond adj.   淡黄色的;毛发及皮肤浅色的

8.sunglasses   n.   墨镜                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

9.uniform n.      制服

10.moustache n.   长在上嘴唇上的小胡子

11.heel n.   鞋跟

12.sleeve n.   衣服袖子

13.facial adj.   面部的

14.chain n.   链条;一连串的事物

15.aircraft n.   飞机,航空器

16.Easter n.   复活节                          

1

[第三屏听写] 

17.embassy n.     大使馆

18.lightning  n.   闪电

19.conductor  n.   售票员;指挥

20.butcher n.   屠夫;肉商 

21.athletic adj.   喜爱运动的

22.harvest n.   收获

23.biology n.   生物学

24.pineapple n.   菠萝                          

 

[第四屏听写] 

25.peach n.      桃子

26.airline n.   航空公司

27.aboard prep.   在(上)船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上

28.assistant n.   助手,助理

29.tutor n.   家庭教师;导师

30.tear n.   眼泪

31.cheek n.   脸颊

32.hug n. 拥抱                          

 

[第五屏听写] 

33.fault n.       错误;缺点

34.thunder n.   雷声

35.wool n.   羊毛

36.pine n.   松树

37.seed n.   种子

38.squirrel n.   松鼠

39.sparrow n.   麻雀

40.scholar n.   学者                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

41.bench n.       长凳

43.housewife n.   家庭主妇

43.postcode  n.   邮政编码

44.astronomy n.   天文学

45.bleed vi.   流血

46.straw n.   稻草,麦秆

47.the last straw   (一系列烦恼,打击之外)最后使人受不了的事

48.literary adj.   喜爱文学的                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

49.steam n.       蒸汽

50.thus adv.   如此,因此

51.file n.   档案,文件

52.sigh vi.   叹息,叹气

53.button n.   按钮

54.parrot n.   鹦鹉

55.cage n.   笼子

56.claw n.   (动物或鸟的)爪子

57.yoghurt n.   酸乳酪,酸奶                          

 

[第八屏听写] 

58.honey n.       蜂蜜

59.chew vt.   咀嚼

60.wrinkle n.   皱纹

61.forehead n.   额,前额

62.block n.   大厦;街区

63.lap n.   (人坐着时的)大腿部

64.carrot n.   胡萝卜

65.pea n.   豌豆

66.forever adv.   永远                          

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第九屏听写] 

1.assessment n.       评估

2.strength n.   长处,优势

3.weakness n.   弱点,缺点,缺陷

4.gain  vt.   获得;增加

5.appropriately  adv.   适当地

6.concentrate  vi.   集中(思想、注意力等)

7.previous_ adj.   以前的,过去的                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

8.positive adj.        积极的

9.associate  vt.   联想,联系

10.mental  adj.   内心的;精神病的

11.expression  n.   表情;词语

12.connection_  n.   联系;连接

13.emergency_ n.   紧急情况

14.gifted adj.   有天赋的                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

15.accurately adv.      精确地,准确地

16.draw_up   起草

17.description n.   描述,形容

18.academic adj.   学术的

19.predict vt.   预言,预测

20.deserve vt.   应得,值得

21.failure n.   失败                          

 

[第十二屏听写] 

22.mistaken adj.      错误的 

23.association n.   联想;协会

24.possibility n.   可能性

25.disability n.   残疾;无能力

26.entirely adv.   完全地

27.accuse vt.   控告,谴责

28.*personality n.   个性,性格                          

 

[第十三屏听写] 

29.independent adj.      独立的

30.neat adj.   整洁的

31.selfish adj.   自私的

32.sharp adj.   敏锐的;锋利的,尖的

33.characteristic_  n.   特点,特性

34.desire n.   渴望,欲望

35.satisfaction_ n.   满意,满足                          

[第十四屏听写] 

36.kindness_ n.        和善,亲切

37.requirement  n.   要求

38.independence n.   独立

39.upset adj.   不安的,不快的

40.broken adj.   断的,破的

41.relief n.   减轻,安慰

42.shelter vi.   躲避                          

 

[第十五屏听写] 

43.allergic adj.       过敏的 

44.anxiety n.   忧虑,担心

45.glare vi.   怒视,瞪

46.glance vi.   瞥一眼

47.grateful adj.   感激的,感谢的

48.guilty adj.   不安的,有罪的

49.can't_help_doing_sth.   禁不住要做某事                          

 

[第十六屏听写] 

50.alike_  adj.        相像的

51.shortcoming_  n.   缺点,短处

52.judge_ vt.   评判

53.devote_  vt.   专心致志于,献身于

54.salty adj.   咸的,含盐的

55.devotion  n.   奉献

56.phrase n.   短语,词组

57.lawyer n.   律师                          

 

[第十七屏听写] 

58.pray vi. & vt.      祈祷,祷告

59.clerk n.   职员

60.account n.   (银行)账户

61.poet n.   诗人

62.translator n.   翻译员

63.revision n.   复习                          

 

[第十八屏听写] 

64.oral adj.         口头的,口述的

65.section n.   部分

66.part­time adv.   部分时间地

67.librarian n.   图书馆管理员

68.satellite n.   卫星;人造卫星

69.companion n.   同伴,伴侣

70.confirm v.   证实                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.self­assessment n.  自我评估

2.lawyer n.  律师

3.senior adj.  高级的

4.physicist n.  物理学家

5.uniform n.  制服

6.chain n. 链条;一连串的事物

7.athletic adj.  喜爱运动的

8.harvest n.  收获

9.airline n.  航空公司,航空线

10.assistant n.  助手,助理

11.hug n.   拥抱

12.fault n.  错误;缺点

13.scholar n.  学者

14.block n.  大厦,街区

15.forever adv.  永远

表达单词 1.academic adj. 学术的

2.weakness n.  弱点,缺陷

3.accuse vt.  控告,谴责

4.possibility n.  可能性

5.entirely adv.  完全地

6.desire n.  渴望,欲望

7.account n.  (银行)账户

8.deserve vt.  应得,值得

9.connection_ n.  联系;连接

10.previous_ adj.  以前的,过去的

11.gain vt.  获得;增加

12.positive adj.  积极的

13.upset adj.  不安的,不快的

14.shelter vi.  躲避

15.glare vi.  怒视,瞪

16.glance vi.  瞥一眼

17.alike_ adj.  相像的

18.guilty adj.  不安的;有罪的

19.part­time adv.  部分时间地

20.section n.  部分

21.pray_ vi.& vt.  祈祷,祷告

22.clerk n.  职员

23.sunglasses n.  墨镜

24.satellite n.  卫星;人造卫星 [语境活用]

1.These patients deserve (应得) a chance at a normal, happy future and they rely on the kindness of the strangers to make that happen.

2.The shop assistant was dismissed as she was accused (控告) of assisting cheating customers.

3.In addition to being more in touch with the food she's eating, another joy comes from passing this knowledge and this_desire (渴望,欲望) for good food to her children.

4.We must account (说明) for every penny we spend on business trips.

5.To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their strengths and weaknesses (弱点,缺陷).

6.Previous (以前的) generations concentrated on getting children to school on time, fed, dressed and ready to learn.

7.My connection (联系) with pandas goes back to my days on a TV show in the mid­1980s.

8.He reacquired an academic (学术的) reputation after five years of hard work.

9.The experiment has pointed out the possibility (可能性) of the existence of any life on that planet, but it does not mean there is no life on other planets.

10.The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is that one can be entirely (完全地) free from dust.

拓展单词 1.strength n.长处,优势→strengthen v.增强→strong adj.强壮的

2.concentrate vi.集中(思想、注意力等)→concentration n.专心,专注

3.associate vt.联想,联系→association n.联想;协会

4.expression n.表情;词语;感情→express vt.表达,表示n.快递

5.accurately adv.精确地,准确地→accurate adj.精确的,准确的→accuracy n.精确

6.description n.描述,形容→describe v.描写,描述→describer n.描写者

7.predict vt.预言,预测→prediction n.预测,预告→predictor n.预言家

8.independent adj.独立的→independence n.独立→depend vi.依赖,依靠

9.relief n.减轻,宽慰→relieve v.使安慰,缓解

10.anxiety n.忧虑;担心→anxious adj.忧虑的;焦急的→anxiously adv.忧虑地

11.judge vt.评判 n.法官→judgement n.判断,判断力

12.appropriately adv.适当地→appropriate adj.合适的,恰当的 [语境活用]

1.We should concentrate our energy on the game for lack of concentration may cause us to lose the game.(concentrate)

2.Some scientists associate smoking with cancer, because smoking has a close association with lung cancer.(associate)

3.This girl described what she had seen and heard, giving a vivid description of the event as if she had attended it herself. So she was a good describer.(describe)

4.The judge said, “Judging from the man's behavior, our judgement is practical.”(judge)

5.Our country is an independent country so we must depend on ourselves; independence and liberty is our state principle forever.(depend)

6.My brother strengthens himself by taking outdoor exercise every day; now he is so strong that I dare not measure strength against him.(strength)

7.To predict the weather_accurately and give us more_accurate_information, the observers try their best to guarantee the accuracy of their observation.(accurate)

8.According to the latest survey, more and more graduates are anxious about their future jobs. The increasing anxiety may lead to diseases.(anxious)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.come_up_with  提出,想出

2._draw_up  起草

3.end_up  结果为……,以……结束

4._concentrate_on  集中于,专注于

5.in_terms_of 就某事来说,从某个角度看

6.can't_help_doing_sth.  禁不住做

7.pick_up  捡起;接(人);(无意间)学会;

  好转

8.deal_with  处理;对付

9.talk_sb._into_doing_sth.  劝服某人做某事

10.be_willing_to_do_sth.  愿意做某事

11.react_to  对……作出反应

12.accuse_sb._of_(doing)_sth.  控告某人(做)某事

13.to_be_honest  老实说,说实话

14.devote_..._to  献身于,贡献于

15.be_popular_with  受……欢迎

16.glare_at  怒视 1.To_be_honest,_I don't like chatting with her at all.

2.The poor woman just stood there glaring_at the pickpocket.

3.How did you come_up_with the good idea that we could escape being punished?

4.If he carries on driving like that, he'll end_up dead.

5.The meeting will deal_with these problems, which will benefit those children under 8 a lot.

6.In_terms_of working ability, you are no worse than the others. It is just you don't put your heart into your work.

7.Seeing these photos, I_can't_help thinking of my happy childhood.

8.With so much noise outside, I can't concentrate_on my work which must be finished 5 o'clock this afternoon.

9.If you want to make rapid progress, draw_up your own study plan and put it into practice.

10.How do you react_to this modern artist's paintings?

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.It is generally believed that people with high EQs are open to new ideas and have positive attitudes towards life.

人们普遍认为高情商的人善于接受新观念,对待生活持积极态度。 it作形式主语。 大家普遍认为在我国的一些偏远山区的孩子由于各种各样的原因有较少接受教育的机会。

It_is_generally_believed_that many children in the remote mountainous areas of our country have few opportunities to receive education for various reasons.

2.I really dislike it when he eats garlic for lunch.

我真的不喜欢他午饭吃大蒜。 it作形式宾语。 (2015·重庆高考满分作文)如果您愿意提供更多的信息,我将不胜感激。

I would appreciate_it_if you could offer more information.

3.Perhaps the postcode was wrong, and that's why the letter never arrived.

可能邮政编码错了,那就是信一直未收到的原因。 that's why ...“那就是……的原因”,why引导表语从句。 (2017·北京高考满分作文)那就是我认为长江之旅是较好选择的原因。

That's_why I think the trip along the Yangtze River will be a better choice.

4.I was getting more and more annoyed and of course, the more upset I got, the less I was able to concentrate.

我变得越来越烦躁,自然越烦躁越不能集中精力。 the+比较级 ..., the+比较级 ...“越……,就越……”。 他们担心你的越少,你越获得更多的独立。

The_less they worry about you, the_more independence you'll gain.

 

(四)初中考点再回顾

 

 

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.for_fun  为了消遣

2.go_out  出去;离开

3.go off  发出响声

4.go on vacation  在度假

5.grow fruits and vegetables

  种植水果和蔬菜

6.hang out  闲逛 1.on_the_phone_ 在打电话中

2.rain_hard/heavily  下大雨 

3.help out  帮助完成某事

4.get into a fight  争吵

5.a big deal  重要的事情

6.a waste of time  浪费时间 1.speaking skills   口语技能

2.spoken English  英语口语

3.English­speaking adj.  说英语的

4.learning habits  学习习惯

5.read the text aloud  朗读课文

6.speak louder  大声些

 

一、过重点单词——

1.concentrate vi.集中(思想、注意力等)

[高考佳句] From then on, I began to concentrate on every small thing in my studies.(2014·湖北高考短文写作)

从那时起,我开始专注于我学习中的每一件小事。

(1)concentrate on (doing) sth.   聚精会神于(做)某事

concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts on/upon ...

        集中某人的注意力/努力/思想于……

(2)concentration n.   专心,集中

(3)concentrated adj.   集中的,全神贯注的

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①This year the company has concentrated on improving (improve) its efficiency.

②What's more, I find out that I still have some bad learning habits as well. I can only concentrate on reading for a short time, and I will conquer the problem by spending more efforts on concentration (concentrate) practice.

③The girl has made a concentrated (concentrate) effort to improve herself in performing.

单句改错

④If you don't concentrate your attentions on your study, you'll end up failing in the coming exam.attentions→attention

一句多译

你必须集中注意力在你所学的东西上。

⑤You_must_concentrate_your_attention_on_what_you_are_studying.(concentrate)

⑥You_must_fix/focus_your_attention_on_what_you_are_studying.(fix/focus)

⑦You_must_put_your_heart_into_what_you_are_studying.(put one's heart into)

2.deserve vt.应得,值得

[经典例句] This proposal deserves serious consideration.

这个建议值得认真考虑。

deserve consideration/attention/respect 值得考虑/关注/尊敬

deserve to do sth.   应该做某事

deserve doing/to be done   ……值得做

[题点全练] 完成句子

①No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves_our_respect.

不管一个工作多么的普通,它在社会中都起着一定的作用,因此都值得我们的尊重。

②Whoever you are,you_deserve_treating/to_be_treated_equally.

不管你是谁,你都应该得到平等的对待。

③They had some excellent players, so they certainly deserved_to_win_that_match.

他们有几个优秀的队员,所以他们理所当然地赢得了那场比赛。

3.associate vt.联想;联系

 [教材原句] So, if you learn an unusual word, associate it with similar sounding words that you already know and it will be easier to remember.

因此,如果你学一个不常见的单词,可以把它与你已经了解的读音相近的单词联系起来,那么它就比较容易被记住了。

(1)associate ...with ...  使……与……联系起来

associate with sb.   与某人交往/共事

be associated with   与……有关

(2)association n.   联合;联想;交往;协会;社团

in association with   与……联合;与……有关联

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①We are working in association with a local company to raise money for the homeless.

②There are many serious health problems which are associated (associate) with smoking.

单句改错

③He wished to forget everything associating with his former life and start a new life.associating→associated

④I feel honored to have the chance to live, work and associate to them.第三个to→with

完成句子

⑤We have learned to associate_packing_with_quality.

我们已经学会了把质量与包装相联系。

⑥In the children's minds summer_is_associated_with_picnics.

在孩子们心里,夏天是与野餐相联系的。

4.accuse vt.控告,谴责

 [教材原句] Accused of stealing money, the man was brought to court.

那个人因被指控偷了钱而被带上法庭。

(1)accuse sb. of (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而控告/指责某人

charge sb.with sth.   因某事控告某人

blame sb.for sth.   因某事责备某人

scold sb.for sth.   因某事训斥某人

punish sb.for sth.   因某事惩罚某人

(2)the accused   被告

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Everyone here accused him of_breaking the window.

②He was charged by the police with breaking the law.

③His father scolded him for upsetting his mother.

④The boy was punished by his father for his stealing money.

⑤The accused (accuse) was declared to be innocent by the court.

句式升级

⑥Tom was accused of cheating in the exam and he was in low spirits.(用过去分词短语作状语)

→Accused_of_cheating_in_the_exam,_Tom_was_in_low_spirits.

5.desire n.渴望,欲望 v.渴望,想要

[高考佳句] I had a strong desire to reach in and play with the toy, but was held back thankfully by the shop window.(2015·湖南高考)

我有一种强烈的欲望, 想伸手进去拿那个玩具玩,但幸亏我被商店的橱窗挡住了。

(1)have a strong desire

(2)desire to do sth.        渴望做某事

desire sb.to do sth.   想让某人做某事

desire that sb.(should) do ...   希望/要求某人做……

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Those foreigners desire to_visit (visit) the Great Wall.

②He had a strong desire to carry out the discussion put forward in yesterday's meeting.

③The public desired that the result (should)_be_made (make) public.

完成句子

④The young girl desires_her_parents_to_come_and_see_her from time to time.

这个小女孩想要她的父母不时地来看她。

⑤He desired that I_(should)_go_abroad for further education.

他渴望我到国外接受进一步的教育。

一句多译

大多数人都渴望成功。

⑥Most_people_desire_to_be_successful.(desire v.)

⑦Most_people_have_a_strong_desire_for_success.(desire n.)

⑧Most_people_have_a_strong_desire_to_be_successful.(desire n.)

6.relief n.宽慰,轻松;解脱;减轻,消除;缓和

 [教材原句] It'll be a real relief when they're found.

当找到他们后,的确会令人很宽慰。

(1)to one's relief     令人感到欣慰的是

What a relief!   可松口气了!

in relief   如释重负;松了口气

(2)relieve v.   解除,减轻,缓和

relieve sb.of   解除某人的(负担、痛苦等)

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①To our relief, the disease didn't burst out as expected.

②Seeing the baby fall asleep, the young mother smiled_in relief.

完成句子

③My assistant_relieved_me_of all the trivial matters when I was on business in Beijing.

当我在北京出差时,我的助手帮我解除了所有琐碎的工作。

④Much_to_my_relief,_my son was eventually admitted to a famous university.

使我欣慰的是,我儿子最终被一所重点大学录取了。

7.account vt.认为是,视为n.(银行)账户;账目;叙述;报道;解释,说明

 [高考佳句] It is said that body language accounts for 55 per cent of a first impression while what you say just 7 per cent.(2015·福建高考)

据说肢体语言占第一印象的55%,而你说的话只占7%。

(1)account for   说明(原因等);作出解释;占……比例

(2)on account of   由于,因为

on no account   决不(放在句首时,句子要倒装)

take ...into account/take account of=take ...into consideration  考虑到……

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①As far as I know, Peter's careless driving accounted_for_the terrible accident.

②On no account must employees make personal telephone calls from the office.

完成句子

③There are other factors I must take_into_account_on my new plan.

有一些其他的因素我必须考虑到我的新方案中。

句型转换

④We delayed our departure on account of the bad weather.

→The bad weather accounted for our delaying departure.

[联想发散] 表示“决不”的短语还有:

①in no way/case ②at no time ③by no means

④under/in no circumstances ⑤on no condition

8.devote vt.献身于,专心致志于

 [教材原句] She devotes a lot of her time to caring the neighbours.

她花了很多时间来照顾邻居们。

(1)devote oneself to (doing) sth. 献身于/致力于(做)某事

devote one's life/time/money/energy to (doing) sth.把某人的一生/时间/金钱/精力奉献于(做)某事

(2)devoted adj.          忠实的;深爱的

be devoted to (doing) sth.   专心于/奉献于(做)某事

(3)devotion n.   关爱;关照;奉献;忠诚

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①You will never gain success unless you are fully devoted to your work.

②Amanda is always warm­hearted and cares a lot about the class. Besides, she often devotes her spare time to helping (help) others.

单句改错

③To realize my dream, I have to devote me to my study and enter a normal university.me→myself

④With my overall energy devoting to revision, I have no time to surf the Internet.devoting→devoted

句型转换

The young lady is devoted to teaching the deaf children and has little time to care for her own daughter.

⑤Devoting herself to teaching the deaf children,_the young lady has little time to care for her own daughter.(用现在分词作状语)

⑥Devoted to teaching the deaf children,_the young lady has little time to care for her own daughter.(用过去分词作状语)

9.judge n.裁判,法官vt.评判;判断;审判,判决

[教材原句] It's difficult to judge but we thought they might be in the same class and that they were discussing a problem.

很难判断,但我们认为他们可能在同一个班级,并且正在讨论问题。

(1)judge ...from/by ...   从……来判断

as far as I can judge   据我判断;我认为

(2)judging by/from   从……上看;根据……判断

(3)judgement n.   判断力;评价

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Judged (judge) as a responsible person, Tom was elected as monitor of the class.

②Judging (judge) from the book I have read, I think he is a very promising writer.

③Wearing proper clothes is important too, for locals will judge you by what you wear.

④The accident was caused by an error of judgement (judge) on the part of the pilot.

完成句子

⑤Judging_by/from_the_smell,_the food must be delicious.

根据香味来判断,这食物一定很美味。

⑥As_far_as_I_can_judge,_he can realize his dream of going to university.

依我看来,他能实现上大学的梦想。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Devoted (devote) to his students, the teacher has little time to care about his own children.

2.She has turned down several invitations to concentrate on her studies. 

3.The moral of the original story is that a devoted person certainly deserves respect/respecting/to_be_respected (respect).

4.In the statement, the_association (associate) congratulated Mo Yan on his success and spoke highly of his “outstanding achievements”.

5.It is he who was accused of stealing money from the bank, so he was questioned by the police.

6.He has a strong desire for success though he has failed many times.

7.Gossip also can have a third effect: it strengthens (strength) unwritten, unspoken rules about how people should act.

8.He believes design must take into account the sensory side of our nature — sight, smell, touch and taste.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Judged from the name, it is easy to guess that players can only join if they are fat.Judged→Judging

2.The teens accuse their parents with misleading them.with→of

3.It's desired that this remark was brought to the attention of the students who get used to getting up late.was→be

4.Neighbors devoted their spare time to help others rebuild._help→helping

5.With our relief, children all arrived home safely.With→To

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.There are a number of practical problems that must_be_taken_into_account.

有许多现实的问题必须要考虑到。

2.Playing computer games can give us some relaxation after school, but as students we must concentrate_on_our_studies.

放学后玩电脑游戏能使我们放松,但是作为学生,我们必须集中精力学习。

3.It's true that she made a mistake but she hardly deserves to_lose_her_job. 

她的确犯了错,但她不应该失去工作。

4.Many Chinese volunteers have also come to Kenya to devote_themselves_to the cause of wildlife protection.

很多中国志愿者也去了肯尼亚致力于野生动植物的保护事业。

5.As_far_as_I_can_judge,_it's dangerous to give a drunk man a lift at night.

依我看来,在晚上搭载一个喝醉的人是危险的。

二、过短语、句式——

1.talk sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事

 [教材原句] Go and see your teacher and try to talk him or her into giving you a better grade.

去找你的任课老师,想办法说服他或她给你较好的分数。

talk sb. out of (doing) sth.   说服某人不做某事

talk of   谈到,说到

[题点全练] 完成句子

①She talked_me_into_buying a new house before house prices went up.

她说服了我在房价上涨之前买了一套新房子。

②I tried millions of times,but I can never talk_him_out_of_smoking.

我尝试了很多次,但我从来没有说服他戒烟。

③We may talk_of beautiful things,but beauty itself is abstract.

我们尽可谈论美的事物,然而美本身却是抽象的。

2.in terms of就……而言;在……方面;从某个角度上看

[高考佳句] Would you mind finding out the mistakes in terms of words and format?(2016·全国卷Ⅰ书面表达)

请你帮我找出文字和格式方面的错误来好吗?

be on good/bad/friendly terms with sb. 与某人关系好/不好/友好 

come to terms with ...  对……让步,迁就……,接受(不愉快的事);适应……

in the long/short term  就长期/短期而言

in one's terms  在某人看来

[题点全练] 完成句子

①In_terms_of convenience, the museum has more advantages over the gallery.

就便利来讲,博物馆比画廊有更多的优势。

②We have_been_on_good_terms_with our neighbors for all these years.

这些年来我们一直与我们的邻居关系很好。

③What they have done is good for the environment in_the_long_term.

从长远来看,他们所做的事情对环境是有利的。

④I helped him come_to_terms_with his situation and make sense of some of the terrible emotions he was experiencing. 

我帮助他适应目前的形势,理解他正在经历的糟糕的情绪。

3.can't help doing sth.禁不住要做某事

 [教材原句] I couldn't help laughing at this and I invited her back to my apartment for a quick cup of tea.

我禁不住笑了,并邀请她到我的公寓来喝杯茶。

can't help (to) do sth.     不能帮忙做某事

can't help but do sth.=can do nothing but do sth.=have no choice but to do sth.  

不得不做某事

[题点全练] 完成句子/一句多译

①She can't_help_(to)_clean_the_house because she's busy making a cake.

她不能帮忙打扫屋子因为她正忙于做蛋糕。

②All the students couldn't_help_laughing when they heard the joke.

所有的学生听到这个笑话时都情不自禁地大笑起来。

最后一班地铁离开了,我们不得不步行回家。

③The_last_subway_left,_we_could_do_nothing_but_walk_home.(can do nothing but do sth.)

④The_last_subway_left,_we_couldn't_help_but_walk_home.

(can't help but do sth.)

⑤The_last_subway_left,_we_had_no_choice_but_to_walk_home. 

(have no choice but to do sth.)

4.end up结果为……;以……结束

 [经典例句] He'll end up in prison if he's not careful.(朗文P617)

如果他不小心,最后会锒铛入狱的。

(1)end up doing sth.     以……结束/告终

end up with ...   以……而结束

end up as ...   结果成为(职位)

(2)come to an end=put/bring an end to=bring sth. to an end  结束

at the end of   在……尽头;在……末端

by the end of   到……结束时;到……时候为止(常与完成时态连用)

in the end   最后;终于

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①If you continue to steal, you'll end up being (be) put in prison.

②If you do that, you'll end up with egg on your face.

③His brother got rapid promotion and ended up as a manager in a company.

完成句子

④He tried various jobs and in_the_end became a teacher.

他尝试过各种各样的工作,最后成为了老师。

⑤All sides have been trying to put_an_end_to that matter.

各方都一直在努力结束那件事。

5.it作形式宾语

I really dislike_it_when he eats garlic for lunch.

我真的不喜欢他午饭吃大蒜。

 

(1)英语中,某些表示“喜、怒、哀、乐”的动词,如like, enjoy, love, dislike, appreciate, prefer等接when/if引导的从句作宾语时,通常用it作形式宾语,而把宾语从句放在it之后。

(2)类似用法短语还有see to it that ...“务必;确保”; depend/rely on it that ...“依赖/相信”; take it for granted that ...“认为……是理所当然的”等。

①I would appreciate_it_if you could give me this opportunity to further education abroad.

如果你能给我这次在国外进一步学习的机会我将不胜感激。

②I don't like_it_when you shout at me. 

我真的不喜欢你对我大喊大叫。

③They took_it_for_granted_that_I would be not good at speaking in public. 

他们认为我不擅长公共演讲是理所当然的。

④He saw_to_it_that the work was finished on time.

他确保工作按时完成。

6.that's why ...

Perhaps the postcode was wrong, and that's_why the letter never arrived.

可能邮政编码错了,那就是信一直未收到的原因。

 

(1)That's why ...意为“那就是……的原因”, why引导表语从句,该句型强调结果。

(2)That's because ...意为“那是因为……”,because引导表语从句,该句型强调原因。

(3)The reason why ... is/was that ... 意为“……的原因是……”,表语从句用that引导,不用because。

①I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. That's why I got wet all through.

我既没穿雨衣,也没带雨伞,那就是我全身淋湿的原因。

②I got wet all through. That's because I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella.

我全身湿透了,那是因为我既没穿雨衣,也没带雨伞。

③The reason why he didn't pass the driving test was that he was too careless.

他没有通过驾照考试的原因是他太粗心了。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.It is widely acknowledged that students should be evaluated in terms of overall quality.

2.After several years of hard work, she ended up as a successful writer.

3.He was caught in the rain.That's why he caught a cold.

4.I'd appreciate it if you could teach me how to use the computer.

5.My daughter couldn't help showing (show) off her being praised by the teacher on arriving home.

6.The boy talked his mother into buying him a home computer.

Ⅱ.句型转换

1.He tried to persuade the manager to promote it.

→He talked/argued/persuaded the manager into promoting it.

2.I am grateful if you do me a favor.

→ I would appreciate it if you give me a hand.

3.It's certain that our team will remove from the failure.

→There is no doubt that our team will remove from the failure.

Ⅲ.翻译句子

1.我们打算外出,但是最终在家看足球赛了。(end up)

We_were_planning_to_go_out,_but_ended_up_watching_a_football_game_at_home. 

2.从健康的角度来看,少吃是很需要的。(in terms of)

In_terms_of_health,_eating_less_is_quite_necessary.

3.我讨厌人满嘴食物时讲话。(it作形式宾语)

I_hate_it_when_people_speak_with_their_mouths_full.

4.你越小心,犯的错误就越少。(the+比较级,the+比较级)

The_more_careful_you_are,_the_fewer_mistakes_you'll_make.

5.今天早上他上班迟到了,那是因为他遇上了交通堵塞。

(that's because ...)

He_was_late_for_work_this_morning;_that's_because_he_got_caught_in_a_traffic_jam.

三、过语法、写作——

 

(一)单元小语法

  ——过去分词;表示推测的情态动词

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Generally speaking, when_taken (take) according to the directions, the drug has no side effect.

2.Left (leave) alone in the large house, the little boy had to learn to survive by himself.

3.Blamed (blame) for the breakdown of the school computer network, Alice was in low spirits.

4.To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English spoken (speak) as much as we can.

5.She raised her voice to make herself heard (hear) by all the people in the hall.

6.Look at the big smile on those students' faces!They must have won the basketball game.

7.It's nearly eight o'clock.I must hang up and get down to work.My boss should be here at any moment.

8.The actor may/might attend the news conference, but we are not sure of that.

9.He can't be our manager. He has gone to Beijing.

10.I'm not sure. He might have said so at the conference.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Settling in a peaceful way, everything returned to normal again.Settling→Settled

2.In order not to be found, I spent the whole night locking in my room.locking→locked

3.I am very busy now. I'd like to have my little child take to school. take→taken

4.Look!The light in the office is still on. Mrs White can be marking the test papers.can→must

5.My wallet is gone. Where shall I put it?shall→can

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Seen_in_the_distance,_the village looks more beautiful.

从远处看,这个村庄看上去更漂亮。

2.The weather turned out to be fine yesterday. You needn't_have_taken the trouble to carry your raincoat with you.

昨天天气很好,你本不必费力带着雨衣。

3.When I turned to the person seated_next_to_me,_I recognized that he was my classmate.

当我求助坐在我旁边的那个人的时候,我认出他是我的同桌。

4.Every evening after dinner, if_not_tired_from_work,_I will spend some time walking my dog.

每天晚饭后,如果不累我就会花一些时间遛狗。

5.The news was broadcast on TV this morning. Alice_should_have_known_about_it.

今天早上消息已经在电视上播出,Alice应该已经知道它了。

 

(二)课堂微写作

  练补写——让行文更条理

 

[题目要求]

假设你是李明,北京大学学生,现打算申请某私立学校的英语老师的职位,请向学校领导作一下自我介绍。词数100左右。

[补写提示] 请按提示线索补写下列习作的中间段落

My name is Li Ming.I am a student of Beijing University and will graduate this July. I'd like to apply for a position in your school as an English teacher.

9岁学英语,至今已超过10年,成绩一直很好,总是受到老师的表扬→去年在学校口语竞赛中获得第一名→自己喜欢英语,每天坚持听广播,阅读2-3篇英语文章。

I love the work of an English teacher.I will do my best to be helpful to my students if I can have the position.I hope you will give favorable consideration to my application.Thank you for your time and attention.

[答案示例]

My name is Li Ming. I am a student of Beijing University and will graduate this July. I'd like to apply for a position in your school as an English teacher.

I have been learning English for more than 10 years, starting my first study at the age of 9.My English scores were quite good, and I often earned praise from my teachers. I won the first place in the spoken English competition of the school last year. What is more, I like English very much and spend all my spare time studying English. I listen to English broadcast every day, read two or three English articles and take every chance to practice my spoken English.

I love the work of an English teacher.I will do my best to be helpful to my students if I can have the position.I hope you will give favorable consideration to my application.Thank you for your time and attention.

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

(2018·湖南省重点名校联考)The best folk music albums of 2016, regularly updated with picks from Culture Editor Martin Chilton. The albums are listed purely in order in which they have been reviewed.

Songs of Separation Collective: Songs of Separation

Jenny Hill has brought 10 female musicians to create songs around the issues of “separation” — emotional, political, and social. Literary influences abound, including Robert Frost. Andy Bell co­produced the album. The harmonies are beautiful and the lyrics are thought­provoking. A good start to the year for folk music.

Mortal Tides: Light In/Light Out

The musicians that make up Mortal Tides are still teenagers and there is unspoilt musical enthusiasm for their debut (首次推出的) album. Lead singer Noah Bevington gels well with drummer George Brignal. Jed Bevington has a nice tone to his violin playing and Fergus Quill, on bass, helps things hum along.

Ciaran Algar: The Final Waltz

There are some really fine tracks on Ciaran Algar's debut solo (独唱的) album, especially Popcorn Behaviour and Morrison's. He has the ability to capture a song and make it sweet. It's good to see Algar growing in musical ambition, and he also plays mandolin, banjo, guitar, bouzouki and percussion.

Boreas: Ahoy Hoy

Ahoy Hoy is an attractive musical union of Scotland and Norway, featuring Lori Watson, Britt Pernille Frøholm, Irene Tillung and Rachel Newton. The driving beat of the track showcases Newton's elegant playing. There is fine instrumental playing, Gaelic singing and the pure joy of Happy Set.

 

21.Which may a person loving different performing styles on the same topic choose?

A.Songs of Separation.   B.Light In/Light Out.

C.The Final Waltz.  D.Ahoy Hoy.

解析:选A 细节理解题。从第一张专辑的介绍中可知,它是关于同一主题“separation”的不同风格的演唱的,而且专辑中的歌曲由不同的歌手演唱,所以本题选A。

22.What do we know about Mortal Tides?

A.It consists of teens and adults.

B.There're three members in it.

C.Jed Bevington is the lead singer.

D.It's a folk band.

解析:选D 推理判断题。从第二张专辑中的“The musicians that make up Mortal Tides are still teenagers ... Lead singer ... drummer ...”可以看出,Mortal Tides应该是一个乐队。再结合文章开头的“The best folk music albums”可知,它是一个民俗乐队。

23.How is The Final Waltz different from the others?

A.It features mainly one singer.

B.The players are from different countries.

C.It includes some literary elements.

D.It shows Ciaran Algar's harmony skills.

解析:选A 细节理解题。从该专辑的介绍中的“There are some really fine tracks on Ciaran Algar's debut solo (独唱的) album”可以看出,这是一张单人专辑,而其他三张专辑都收录了多个歌手的歌曲,故选A。

24.What type of writing is this passage?

A.An advertisement for albums.

B.An album review.

C.An introduction to singers.

D.A musical record.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据全文内容,尤其是第一段中的“The albums are listed purely in order in which they have been reviewed”可知,文章是有关四张专辑的简单评论,故选B。

B

In the traffic lights, red means “stop”, green means “go”, and yellow means “hurry”. Why those colors, though? Why not blue, purple, and brown? The following are transponded from others' WeChat.

•Red is an inherited symbol from railroads

Red symbolizes danger in many cultures, which makes sense, considering it has the longest wavelength of any color,  meaning you can see it from a greater distance than other colors. Red has meant “stop” since long before cars existed, with railway signals' use of red dating back to the days when mechanical arms lifted and lowered to indicate whether the rail ahead was clear. So that one's simple.

•Green meant “caution” at first

Green's role in lights has actually changed dramatically over time. Its wavelength is next to (and shorter than) yellow's, meaning it's still easier to see than any color other than red and yellow. Back in the early days of railway lights, green originally meant “caution”, while the “all­clear” light was, well, clear or white. Trains, of course, take an unlimitedly long time to stop, and legend has it that several disastrous collisions happened after an engineer mistook stars in the night horizon for an all­clear. Thus, green became “go”, and for a long time, railways used only green and red to signal trains.

•Yellow means “caution” because it's almost as easy to see as red

From the earliest days of motoring up until the mid­1900s, not all stop signs were red — many were yellow, because at night it was all but impossible to see a red stop sign in a poorly lit area. The yellow stop­sign craze began in Detroit in 1915, a city that five years later installed its first electric traffic signal,  which happened to include the very first amber traffic light,  at the corner of Michigan and Woodward Aves.

语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。交通信号灯为什么要用红、黄、绿三种颜色呢?作者通过转载来的几个微信的内容来告诉大家其缘由及相关的知识。

25.What are the earliest traffic signals designed for from the passage?

A.Cars.  B.Trains.

C.Motor cars.  D.Not mentioned.

解析:选B 细节理解题。从第二段的第二句和第三段的第三句可知最早的信号灯是用在铁路上的,故答案为B项。

26.Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Green means “go” all the time.

B.Red is the easiest color to be noticed.

C.All yellow things need dealing with carefully.

D.All the three colors were once used as “caution”.

解析:选B 细节理解题。从第二段的内容判断,红色的波长最长,最容易被看到。故答案为B项。

27.What's the main idea of  the passage?

A.What is your favorite color?

B.Why are “Red, Yellow, Green” used as traffic signals?

C.How can we figure out the wavelength of colors?

D.What color can green, yellow and red make?

解析:选B 主旨大意题。根据第一段的描述以及每段的首句可知,本文主要讲述的是“红、黄、绿三种颜色作为交通灯颜色的原因”,故选择B项。

28.Where is the passage from?

A.A diary.  B.A scientific magazine.

C.A newspaper.  D.The Internet.

解析:选D 文章出处题。从第一段的“The following are transponded from others' WeChat.”可判断,本文来自网络。

C

(2018·陕西黄陵中学模拟)Elon Musk is a man of big ambition. He says his goal is to save humanity. And as strange as that sounds, the South African­born, Canadian­American inventor might actually be doing it.

On December 22nd, SpaceX, the company Musk founded, successfully launched its reusable Falcon 9 rocket. The moment furthered Musk's goal of making space travel more affordable and eventually colonizing Mars for humanity's long­term survival. As if this wasn't enough, Musk, 44, is also the founder of Tesla, an electric car company. He has also helped to create three Internet start­ups including the online payment company PayPal. All of them could be said to have turned their industries upside down.

The companies Musk started cover three areas: the Internet, sustainable energy and exploring space. Since college, Musk has believed that those areas will most affect the future of humanity and that he should spend his life working on them. “There's no shortage of people with a vision for the future,” Microsoft founder Bill Gates said to Vogue magazine. “What makes Elon special is his ability to make his vision come true.”

Nothing showed this ability better than the crisis Musk faced in 2008. In 2008, both SpaceX and Tesla were in real danger. SpaceX's three launches had all failed and the company could afford only one more launch. But everything soon turned around. In September 2008, SpaceX launched its fourth rocket and it succeeded. It won a $1.6 billion contract with NASA. SpaceX was saved. Musk then shocked the investors and the tech world by pouring his entire personal savings into saving Tesla.

Despite his success, Musk's ambition has not gone away. He has also been working on other ambitious projects in recent years.

 

29.What do Musk's companies have in common?

A.They all gained an instant success.

B.Their goal is to offer affordable space travel.

C.Their development wasn't optimistic at first.

D.They had a revolutionary effect on their own fields.

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据第二段的内容,尤其是最后一句“All of them could be said to have turned their industries upside down”可知,Musk的公司在它们各自所属的领域产生了革命性的影响。

30.What do Bill Gates' words indicate?

A.There're many creative people.

B.Not everyone's dream can come true.

C.Successful people have a vision for the future.

D.Ability of practice accounts for Musk's success.

解析:选D 推理判断题。由第三段中Bill Gates所说的话,尤其是“What makes Elon special is his ability to make his vision come true”可推断,Bill Gates意在说明Musk成功的关键在于他的执行力。故选D。

31.Which words can best describe Musk?

A.Devoted and accessible.

B.Creative and determined.

C.Adventurous and aggressive.

D.Ambitious and sympathetic.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据第四段的最后一句“Musk then shocked the investors and the tech world by pouring his entire personal savings into saving Tesla”可以看出,Musk拥有敢于冒险的精神;根据第一段和最后一段的“ambition”可以看出Musk是具有上进心的,故选C。

D

This is a time of year when high school students and their families are thinking hard about college. As seniors, juniors, and parents identify their top choices, discussions typically focus on the college itself. Is the institution small or large? How strong are the academics? What is the social life like? Do I like the campus? Such considerations are important, but they can cover the all­important question: Where will these college years lead?

Applicants should think seriously about which college on their list can best prepare them for the real world. They should look for campuses that offer well­structured programs to help them form a direction for their lives and develop the capacity to take steps along that path.

One of the most striking recent phenomena about college graduates in America has been the “boomerang” student: the young person who goes away to college, has a great experience, graduates, and then moves back home for a year or two to figure out what to do with his or her life. This pattern has left many graduates — and their families — wondering whether it makes sense to spend four or more years at college, often at great expense, and finish with no clear sense of who they are or what they want to do next.

The trend points to one of the great shortcomings of many of our nation's leading colleges and universities. Structured opportunities to think about life after graduation are rare. The formal curriculum focuses almost universally on the academic disciplines of the arts and sciences. Advising on how various majors connect to pathways into the workplace is typically haphazard (没有条理的). Career planning offices are often shorthanded and marginal (不重要的) to college life.

It doesn't need to be this way, and in recent years some of the country's top colleges have enriched their academic offerings with opportunities for students to gain real­world experiences.

语篇解读:本文为议论文。作者通过分析学生及其家长在选择大学时存在的问题提出了自己的看法:应该选择那些开设有提供职业指导和获取实践体验的机会的系统课程项目的大学。

32.According to the author, what do typical discussions on college choices ignore?

A.The function of college education in employment.

B.The difficulty in finding jobs after graduation.

C.High school students' interests.

D.The academics of college.

解析:选A 推理判断题。根据第一段中的“Such considerations are important, but they can cover the all­important question: Where will these college years lead?”可知,作者认为他们的讨论掩盖了一个极其重要的问题——大学生活会把学生带去哪里?再由下文的内容可知,此处指大学教育在就业方面的作用。故选A。

33.Which accounts for the “trend” mentioned in the text?

A.Students failing to behave themselves.

B.Parents overprotecting their children.

C.Students choosing majors blindly.

D.Schools lacking proper guidance.

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据第四段中的“The trend points to one of the great shortcomings of many of our nation's leading colleges and universities” “The formal curriculum focuses almost universally on the academic disciplines of the arts and sciences. Advising on how various majors connect to pathways into the workplace is typically haphazard (没有条理的)”可知,这种趋势直指许多一流大学的不足。在校期间,大学生缺乏社会实践和就业指导,这致使他们毕业后无所适从,故选D。

34.What will be probably discussed in the following paragraph?

A.Recipes for academic achievements.

B.Good academic programs in college.

C.Academic tips for college students.

D.Disadvantages of present college courses.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“the country's top colleges have enriched their academic offerings with opportunities for students to gain real­world experiences”可推知,下文可能会介绍一些大学开设的优秀学术课程,旨在给学生提供接触社会的实践机会,以此和上文形成对比,故选B。

35.What's the best title for the text?

A.A good way to choose a college

B.A new trend in top colleges

C.Connect subjects with life beyond college

D.Make college one of life's richest experiences

解析:选A 标题归纳题。作者首先分析了家长和学生选择大学时存在的问题,接着提出了自己的看法,即建议学生和家长选择那些开设有提供职业指导和获取实践体验的机会的系统课程项目的大学。最后指出其他大学的一些好的做法来验证自己的结论。总的来说,文章是围绕“选择大学的好方法”进行的,故选A。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

Many arguments teenagers have with their parents are about one thing: independence. As you get older, you'll want to do more stuff on your own, without your mom and dad tagging along with you. The arguments generally start when your parents think you aren't ready for extra responsibility while you think you are. Arguing with your parents isn't the best solution at all, but the best solution is gaining trust from your parents. __36__

Understand that it's not your parents who do not want you to have independence. They want the best for you and think you're not ready or you'll hurt yourself if you have the freedom to do whatever you want. Show your parents you can be sensible. __37__ If you can't get home by 9:30, they'll never let you out after 10:00.

Agree with them some “friends time” and some “family time” so that they know you won't be spending your whole weekend out with your friends. __38__ They won't imagine you getting into trouble if they know how they are.

__39__ They won't feel much worried letting you go off on your own if they know what you're up to. Call in and tell your parents that you're OK from time to time. The less they worry about you, the more independence you'll gain.

__40__ If they find out, all that trust will be destroyed and then you'll never get the extra independence you ever wanted.

A.Show your parents how independent you are.

B.Never lie to your parents about where you're going.

C.Remember to ask for your parents' help if you need it.

D.Always tell your parents where you are, and who you're with.

E.Generally speaking, they won't be worried about increasing your independence.

F.And before you enjoy the “friends time”, introduce your friends to your parents.

G.Agree a time you'll be home with your parents, and always make sure you keep to it.

 

36.解析:选E 根据该空位置可知,该空承上启下,既总结第一段大意,又引出下文;而第一段主要陈述“青少年想要独立,但经常和父母发生矛盾,解决这一问题的关键是取得父母的信任”,再结合下文的整体内容可知,E项符合文意。

37.解析:选G 根据空处后一句“If you can't get home by 9:30, they'll never let you out after 10:00”可知,如果你无法在9:30之前回家,他们将不会让你在10:00之后外出;据此可知,空处陈述“和父母商定一个你到家的时间,一直保证按时到家”,故G项正确。

38.解析:选F 根据空处前一句中的“Agree with them some ‘friends time’”可知,空处讲述在享受和朋友在一起的美好时光之前,你可以向父母介绍朋友以免父母担心,故F项正确。

39.解析:选D 根据空处所在位置可知,空处是该段的主题句;通读该段内容可知,该段主要说要告知你的父母你的情况,据此可知,D项符合文意。

40.解析:选B 根据空处后一句“If they find out, all that trust will be destroyed and then you'll never get the extra independence you ever wanted”可知,一旦被父母发现,你们之间的信任会遭到破坏,你便无法获得想要的独立;据此可以判断,空处表示“不要在自己的行踪方面向父母撒谎”,故B项正确。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·河南省豫南九校联考)I lost my flat by accident, and then I discovered my car needed a new engine. That meant I would have to spend £1,000 to get the car back on the __41__. I suddenly found that I needed, first, somewhere to __42__ and second, something to travel around __43__.

I was trying to decide what to do when I __44__ the advertisement on a board: Converted (改装过的) ambulance __45__, £ 1,600. So I rang the number in the ad and __46__ to go and see it. It was love at first sight! I made a __47__ straight away. Two days later I was the __48__ owner of a converted camper van (野营车).

At first I was __49__. I wasn't sure whether I could handle it. __50__, gradually I've had feelings that I haven't __51__ before. Living in my van is just the __52__ of waking up in the morning, and, for the first few seconds, not knowing __53__ you are. Then you look out of the window; some strange trees __54__ you, and some beautiful scenery makes your heart beat __55__. Living in a flat in the city I missed all that.

Now I begin to __56__ what the travelers have been telling us. Living in a van is cheap. No rent. What's more, there's the sense of __57__ my new lifestyle has given me. I love being able to go where I want and when I want. It's __58__ to feel that the whole world is your home. It is no __59__ that so many people are __60__ their houses and going on the road.

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。“我”的车发动机坏了,修理费很昂贵。偶然间“我”看中了一辆由救护车改装的野营车,立即买下了它。在这辆车里,“我”既可以居住,又可以旅游,觉得世界就是家,这种感觉真好。

41.A.side  B.road

C.spot  D.platform

解析:选B 根据该句中的“get the car back on the ________”可以判断,此处是说,让“我”的汽车重返上路(road)则要花费“我”1 000英镑。A项意为“旁边”,C项意为“斑点,污渍”,D项意为“平台”,都与语境不符。

42.A.drive  B.relax

C.work  D.live

解析:选D 根据该句中的“somewhere”及上文中的“I lost my flat”可以判断,“我”突然意识到“我”首先需要有个地方居住(live),故D项正确。A项意为“驾驶”,B项意为“放松”,C项意为“工作”,都与语境不符。

43.A.for  B.through

C.in  D.at

解析:选C 根据该句中的“something to travel around ________”并结合常识可知,“我”还需要有一个坐在里面(in)驾驶着四处旅游的东西。故C项正确。

44.A.took charge of  B.made use of

C.got hold of  D.caught sight of

解析:选D 根据该句中的“when I ________ the advertisement on a board”可知,此处是说当“我”看到(caught sight of)公告牌上的广告时。A项意为“负责,控制”,B项意为“利用”,C项意为“抓住,找到”,都与语境不符。

45.A.for sale  B.on show

C.in need  D.under repair

解析:选A 根据空后的“£ 1,600”并结合空前的“advertisement”可知,这辆改装过的救护车是用来出售(for sale)的,故A项正确。B项意为“在展出”,C项意为“需要”,D项意为“在修理中”,都与语境不符。

46.A.failed  B.arranged

C.applied  D.hesitated

解析:选B 根据该句中的“to go and see it”及后一句“It was love at first sight”可知,“我”打进电话,并安排(arranged)时间去看看。A项意为“失败”,C项意为“申请”,D项意为“犹豫”,都与语境不符。

47.A.difference  B.suggestion

C.decision  D.comment

解析:选C 根据前一句“It was love at first sight”可知,“我”一下子就爱上它了,据此可知,“我”立即作出了决定,make a decision为固定搭配,意为“作出决定”。A项意为“差别”,B项意为“建议”,D项意为“评论”,都与语境不符。

48.A.proud  B.painful

C.careless  D.brave

解析:选A 根据该句中的“owner of a converted camper van (野营车)”并结合前一句所表达的“我”立即作出决定可知,两天后“我”成了骄傲的(proud)野营车车主。B项意为“痛苦的”;C项意为“粗心的”;D项意为“勇敢的”。

49.A.unwilling  B.confident

C.satisfied  D.nervous

解析:选D 根据后一句“I wasn't sure whether I could handle it”可知,“我”不知道是否可以控制这辆车,据此可以判断,刚驾驶时,“我”有点紧张(nervous),故D项正确。A项意为“不愿意的”;B项意为“自信的”;C项意为“满意的”。

50.A.Therefore  B.Otherwise

C.However  D.Besides

解析:选C 前一句说不确定是否可以控制这辆车,空后说逐渐能够掌握驾驶技能,并享受驾驶这辆车,据此可以判断,空处前后为转折关系,故C项正确。

51.A.suffered  B.experienced

C.hurt  D.controlled

解析:选B 根据语境可知,该处表示“逐渐地,我有了未曾体验(experienced)过的感觉”,故B项正确。A项意为“遭受”,C项意为“弄伤”,D项意为“控制”,都与语境不符。

52.A.fear  B.tiredness

C.excitement  D.belief

解析:选C 根据前一句可知,“我”体验到了以前未曾体验过的感觉,据此可以判断,早晨在车子里醒来是让人兴奋(excitement)的,故C项正确。A项意为“恐惧”,B项意为“疲倦”,D项意为“信念”,都与语境不符。

53.A.what  B.where

C.how  D.who

解析:选B 根据该句中的“waking up in the morning, and, for the first few seconds, not knowing ________ you are”并结合常识可以判断,早晨在车里醒来“我”很兴奋,在开始的几秒里,不知道自己在哪里(where)。

54.A.greet  B.block

C.protect  D.guide

解析:选A 根据该句中的“some strange trees ________ you, and some beautiful scenery makes your heart beat ________”可以判断,此处是说在清晨,“我”驾驶着爱车,窗外的树在和你打招呼(greet),窗外的美景让你的心激动地(wildly)跳动。B项意为“阻塞”,C项意为 “保护”,D项意为“指导”,都与语境不符。

55.A.softly  B.strongly

C.normally  D.wildly

解析:选D 参见上题解析。A项意为“轻柔地”,B项意为“强烈地”,C项意为“正常地”,都与语境不符。

56.A.doubt  B.refuse

C.appreciate  D.ignore

解析:选C 根据本段内容可知,本段主要讲述在野营车里居住的种种优点,据此可以判断,“我”现在开始理解(appreciate)旅行者一直告诉我们的关于住在野营车里的优点。A项意为“怀疑”,B项意为“拒绝”,D项意为“忽视”,都与语境不符。

57.A.freedom  B.duty

C.humor  D.safety

解析:选A 根据语境可知,此外,还有“我”的新生活方式给“我”的自由(freedom)感,故A项正确。B项意为“责任”,C项意为“幽默”,D项意为“安全”,都与语境不符。

58.A.terrible  B.delightful

C.useful  D.boring

解析:选B 根据该句中的“to feel that the whole world is your home”可知,你会感觉到全世界就是你的家,据此可以判断,这种感觉是让人高兴的(delightful),故B项正确。A项意为“可怕的”,C项意为“有用的”,D项意为“令人厌烦的”,都与语境不符。

59.A.chance  B.way

C.possibility  D.wonder

解析:选D 根据该句中的“so many people are _______ their houses and going on the road”可知,此处是说怪不得有那么多人要离开家,行驶在路上。It is no wonder that ...为固定句型,意为“并不奇怪,不足为奇”,故D项正确。

60.A.leaving  B.designing

C.buying  D.building

解析:选A 参见上题解析。B项意为“设计”,C项意为“购买”,D项意为“建造”,都与语境不符。故A项正确。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Summer is almost here, and the weather is heating up. __61__ you drink enough water every day? Many kids don't, according to a new study __62__ (publish) in the American Journal of Public Health.

Erica Kenney, a __63__ (science) at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, originally planned to look into the amount of sugary drinks that kids were consuming in schools. However, __64__ she was doing the research, she noticed that many kids were __65__ (simple) not drinking enough water.

Kenney and her team examined figures from a group of 4,000 children aged from 6 to 19, between the years of 2009 and 2012. While looking through the survey results, she __66__ (find) that more than half of the kids were dehydrated (脱水的).

A lack __67__ water can lead to health problems such as headaches, poor physical performance, and even more serious problems. Your body needs more water when you are in hot climates, when you are physically active, and when you have a fever.

Kenney said, “__68__ is good news that this public health problem has a simple solution. If we can focus on encouraging kids __69__ (drink) more water — a low­cost, sugar­free drink — we can improve their drinking habits, which may allow many kids to feel __70__ (great) throughout the day and do better in school.”

语篇解读:一项调查表明,许多在校的孩子没有喝足够的水,超过半数的孩子处于脱水状态。

61.Do 考查一般疑问句和时态。根据该句中的“you drink enough water every day”可以判断,该句为一般疑问句,且问的是经常发生的动作,故用一般现在时,故可知答案。

62.published 考查过去分词。a new study和动词publish之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词作后置定语。

63.scientist 考查词形转换。根据该句中的不定冠词a可知,该处用名词,表示“一位科学家”。

64.when/while/as 考查状语从句的引导词。根据该句中的进行时态“she was doing the research”并结合语境可以判断,此处表示“当她进行研究时,她注意到许多孩子根本没有喝足量的水”。when/while/as都表示“当……的时候”。

65.simply 考查副词。空处修饰动词,故用副词形式。

66.found 考查动词的时态。根据该句中的“the kids were”并结合语境可知,该处陈述的是过去发生的事,故用一般过去时。

67.of 考查固定搭配。a lack of为固定搭配,意为“缺乏”。

68.It 考查it的用法。分析该句结构可知,该句为包含that引导的主语从句的主从复合句,It作形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的主语从句。

69.to drink 考查动词不定式。encourage sb. to do sth.为固定搭配,故此处用动词不定式。

70.greater 考查形容词的比较级。根据该句中的“and do better in school”可知,空处与此处对应,应用形容词的比较级。

 

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

I'm a huge book lover but like sharing my love for books! So I've been bought books constantly. Finishing reading one book, I placed it in or around my school so that some of my schoolmate can treat themselves to the book. I especial like placing it on a stone table in the little garden in that students might have time to take a rest. I was delighted an other day when I saw a card left on the table to say thanks. And from the card, I knew my book turned out of to be a birthday gift for a strange girl. It was so lovely find out that my book could bring anyone pleasure!

答案:第一句:but→and

第二句:bought→buying

第三句:placed→place; schoolmate→schoolmates

第四句:especial→especially; that→which

第五句:an→the

第六句:去掉of

第七句:find前加to; anyone→someone/somebody

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

(2018·衡水调研)

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Alice对中国艺术感兴趣,特写信请你向她介绍中国传统艺术。请依据下列要点,给其写封回信。

要点:1.介绍传统艺术——年画;

2.欢迎Alice来中国体验中国年画的创作。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

提示词:年画Chinese New Year paintings

Dear Alice,

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

Yours truly,

Li Hua

参考范文

Dear Alice,

How is everything going? I'm so happy to know that you are interested in Chinese traditional arts from your letter. In my opinion, learning Chinese New Year paintings is the best choice. As is known to us all, Chinese people would like to put up pictures to celebrate the Spring Festival. Chinese New Year paintings cover various subjects, like historical stories, harvests, flowers and birds. As you are good at painting, I believe you can learn the art well quickly. By learning it, you can know more about Chinese culture, and improve your drawing skills.

I'm looking forward to seeing you soon in China. 

Yours truly,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.The plan is very practical, deserving (deserve) careful consideration.

2.The gene they discovered today doesn't account for all those cases.

3.With the vacation approaching, my desire to_go (go) home becomes stronger.

4.Devote yourself (you) to your career, but never become its slave.

5.They accused me of carelessness about the fault.

(二)单句改错 

1.He devoted his whole life to promote the world peace.promote→promoting

2.Many media in the world concentrate their attention to the G20 summit.to→on

3.We were going to shopping, but ended up visit my grandparents in the country.visit→visiting

4.Judged from his clothes, he is probably a minority.Judged→Judging

5.I hate when people talk with their mouth full.hate后加it

(三)完成句子

1.You_can_depend/rely_on_it_that he will complete the task on time.

你要相信他会按时完成任务。

2.I find I_can't_concentrate_on_my_work when I'm tired.

我发现我累的时候无法集中精力工作。

3.There_is_no_doubt_that he is a reliable person.

毫无疑问,他是一个可以信赖的人。

4.Mrs. Brown no longer works here. That's_why_you_can't_visit_her any more.

布朗女士不再在这儿工作了。那就是你不能再去拜访她的原因。

5.The_earlier you start, the_sooner you'll be back.

你出发的越早,回来的就越快。

淮南英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 13 People转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/2410.html

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