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淮南英语辅导必修四Unit 12 Culture Shock

Unit 12 Culture Shock

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.kangaroo n.        袋鼠

2.steak n.   肉排;鱼排

3.roast n.   烤,烘

4.garlic n.   蒜,大蒜

5.apron n.   围裙,围腰布

6.*ashtray n.   烟灰缸

7.cassette n.   盒式录音带

8.soccer n.   (英式)足球                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

9.tip v.           给小费

n.   小费

10.bacon n.   腌猪肉,熏猪肉

11.slice n.   薄片,片

12.toast n.   烤面包;祝酒,干杯

13.waiter n.   (餐厅)服务员

14.waitress n.   (餐厅)女服务员

15.mushroom n.   蘑菇                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

16.mosquito n.       蚊子

17.northeast n.   东北,东北方

18.eastern adj.   东部的;东方国家的

19.lemon n.   柠檬

20.flashlight n.   手电筒

21.cosy adj.   温暖舒适的

22.novel n.   (长篇)小说

23.circus n.   马戏团

24.schoolmate n.   同学                          

1

[第四屏听写] 

25.headmaster n.      校长

26.jeep n.   吉普车

27.blanket n.   毛毡,毯子

28.sheet n.   床单,被单  

29.parcel n.   邮包,包裹

30.handkerchief n.   手帕,纸巾

31.canteen n.   食堂,餐厅

32.mailbox n.   信箱,邮筒

33.twin n.   双胞胎之一

adj.   孪生之一的                          

 

[第五屏听写] 

34.courtyard n.      庭院,院子

35.cocoa n.   可可粉,可可饮料

36.dessert n.   (正餐最后的)甜食,甜点心

37.appetite n.   食欲,胃口

38.yummy adj.   美味的

39.fur n.   浓密的软毛,毛皮

40.conduct vt.   指挥(歌唱或音乐演奏);实施

41.band n.   乐队 

42.burglar n.   (潜入住宅或商店的)窃贼                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

43.bark vi.        吠,叫,吼

44.erupt vi.   爆发,喷发

45.dinosaur n.   恐龙

46.detective n.   侦探

47.earthquake n.   地震

48.acre n.   英亩

49.chef n.   厨师长,主厨

50.*fusion n.   熔化,熔合                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

51.vast adj.        巨大的,广阔的

52.literature n.   文学

53.*well­off adj.   富有的

54.preview vt.   预展,预演;预告

55.*multi­cultural adj.   多种文化的

56.comb n.   梳子

57.scissors n. 剪刀

58.dustbin n.   垃圾

59.spot n.   地点;点;斑点                          

 

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第八屏听写] 

1.owe vt.          欠(情、债等)

2.apology n.   道歉,认错

3.absorb_ vt.   理解,掌握;吸收

4.brief_ adj.   短暂的,简短的

5.expectation n.   期望的事情,预期

6.get_used_to   习惯于

7.exchange vt.   兑换,交换

8.wander vi.   漫游,闲逛                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

9.tasty adj.        美味的

10.foggy adj.   多雾的

11.laughter  n.   笑;笑声

12.majority n.   大半,大多数

13.reasonable adj.   合理的,正当的

14.book vt.   预约,预订

15.modest adj.   谦虚的;适度的

16.indicate_ vt.   表明;表示                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

17.curiously_ adv.      好奇地;奇怪地

18.movement n.   动作;活动

19.manners n.   礼貌

20.*informal adj.   非正式的

21.give_...a_lift   让……搭车

22.request n.   请求

23.arrival n.   到达,抵达

24.familiar adj.   熟悉的,常见的                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

25.aspect_ n.        方面

26.splendid adj.   极佳的,非常好的;壮观的

27.outgoing adj.   友好的,乐于交友的

28.cautious_ adj.   小心翼翼的,谨慎的

29.stare vi.   凝视,盯着看

30.spoken adj.   口头的

31.see_...off   给(某人)送行

32.injure_ vt.   伤害                          

 

[第十二屏听写] 

33.belong_ vi.        适应;属于

34.attach vt.   系,固定;喜欢,依恋

35.contrary adj.   相反的

36.broad adj.   各种各样的;广阔的

37.bear_ vt.   携带;容忍

38.minority n.   少数;少数民族

39.unfair adj.   不公平的

40.forgive vt.   宽恕,饶恕                          

 

[第十三屏听写] 

41.addition_ n.       相加,增加物

42.*contrast_ n.   差异,差别

43.physician n.   内科医师

44.cave n.   洞穴,洞窟

45.whisper vi.   低语,耳语

46.*custom n.   习俗,风俗

47.educator n.   教育者

48.partner n.   合作者,伙伴                          

 

[第十四屏听写] 

49.birthplace n.       出生地

50.export vt.   出口,输出

51.fond adj.   喜爱

52.outdoors adv.   在户外,在野外

53.dusk n.   黄昏,薄暮

54.cheque n.   支票

55.anyhow adv.   总之,反正;不管怎样

56.lift n.   搭车                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.soccer n.   (英式)足球

2.eastern adj.  东方国家的;东部的

3.flashlight n.  手电筒

4.novel n.  (长篇)小说

5.schoolmate n.  同学

6.headmaster n.   校长

7.handkerchief n.  手帕,纸巾

8.canteen n.  食堂,餐厅

9.appetite n.  食欲,胃口

10.yummy adj.  美味的

11.erupt vi.    爆发,喷发

12.parcel n.  邮包,包裹 

13.earthquake n.  地震

14.literature n.  文学

15.well­off adj.  富有的

表达单词 1.absorb_ vt. 吸收

2.bear_ vt.  携带,容忍

3.familiar adj.  熟悉的,常见的

4.indicate_ vt.  表明;表示

5.laughter n.  笑,笑声

6.brief_ adj.  短暂的,简短的

7.exchange vt.  兑换,交换

8.request n.  请求

9.attach vt.  喜欢,依恋;系,固定

10.owe vt.  欠(情、债等)

11.modest adj.  谦虚的,适度的

12.aspect_ n.  方面

13.export vt.  出口,输出

14.whisper vi.  低语,耳语

15.custom_ n.  习俗,风俗

16.outdoors_ adv.  在户外,在野外

17.manners_ n.  礼貌

18.stare vt.  凝视,盯着看

19.broad adj.  宽的,阔的

20.outgoing adj.  友好的,乐于交友的

21.book_ vt.  预约,预订 [语境活用]

1.Don't let me forget that I owe (欠) you for the concert tickets.

2.Attach (系,固定) a recent photograph to your application form.

3.I'm writing to make a request (请求) for a valuable chance to be one of the host families for the British students.

4.Record profits in the retail market indicate (表明) a boom in the economy.

5.Client offers to exchange (交换) what he has for what we have.

6.Last but not least, you can plant a tree, because trees_absorb (吸收) carbon dioxide in the air to produce oxygen. 

7.They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more_familiar (熟悉的) with them.

8.They've been too badly hurt and they couldn't bear (容忍) to let it happen again.

9.Researchers have made a new discovery about the effect of laughter (笑声).

10.He had always been modest (谦虚的) and remained so after he had become famous.

拓展单词 1.addition n.相加;增加物→additional adj.补充的,额外的,附加的

2.apology n.道歉,认错→apologize v.道歉,谢罪

3.expectation n.期待的事物;预期→expect vt.期待,预料;指望→expected adj.预期的,预料的

4.majority n.大半,大多数→major adj.主要的 vi.主修

5.reasonable adj.合理的,正当的→reason n.理由v.推论;劝说;理解→reasonably adv.合理地;相当地

6.movement n.动作;活动→move v.移动;感动→movable adj.可移动的→moving adj.令人感动

7.curiously adv.好奇地;奇怪地→curious adj.好奇的→curiosity n.好奇心

8.informal adj.非正式的→formal adj.正式的

9.injure vt.伤害→injury n.伤害,损害→injured adj.受伤的

10.educator n.教育者→education n.教育→educated adj.有教养的→educate vt.教育 [语境活用]

1.His generous donation filled our need for additional funds, and in addition,_it encouraged more and more people to give a hand.(addition)

2.The couple moved into the movable house and they felt much moved to see the moving movie after moving into the new house.(movement)

3.His explanation was not reasonable,_so all of us didn't accept his reason for being absence. He should apologize to us reasonably.(reason)

4.He expected that everyone would burst out laughing when he finished his joke, but beyond his expectation nobody laughed.(expect)

5.The boy is always curious about the world outside and shows great curiosity about what is going on in nature.(curious)

6.Three people were killed and five were injured in the crash.The doctor said two of the injured had serious injuries.(injure)

7.Two thousand students were educated by the famous educator,_many of whom received further education later.(educate)

 

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.get_used_to       习惯于

2.give_..._a_lift  给……搭车,搭便车

3.see_...off  给(某人)送行

4.belong_to  属于

5.insist_on  坚持,坚决要求

6.stare_at  盯着看;凝视

7.be_attached_to  附属于

8.sound_like  听起来像

9.in_poor_condition  状况不好

10.be_sensitive_to  对……敏感

11.at_least  至少

12.contrary_to  与……相反

13.put/bring_an_end_to  结束

14.loads_of  许多,大量 1.The foreign student could not get_used_to eating the strange food.

2.After Tom_saw Frank off at the bus station, he went to the school office to work.

3.A final battle put/brought_an_end_to the war, and then the country had been in peace for many years.

4.The young man insisted_on being sent to where he was most needed.

5.The fresh air belongs_equally_to us all; we should protect it from being polluted.

6.That sounds_like Mary's coming up the stairs.

7.I've got loads_of friends who're unemployed.

8.I made everything perfectly clear — or at_least I thought I did.

9.Don't be_sensitive_to what I said — I wasn't criticizing you.

10.They stared_at the strange sight in silent wonder.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.I'd rather stay cosy and read my novel.

我宁可舒服地待着,看看小说。 would rather do ...“宁愿做……”。 如果你撒谎或者不遵守诺言,没有人会相信你。因此我宁愿受到责备也不会去欺骗他人。

If you tell lies or don't keep your words, no one will trust you.So I would_rather_be_scolded than cheat others.

2.Would you mind giving me and my schoolmate a lift to school?

你能让我和我的同学搭上你的车去上学吗? Would you mind doing ...?“请你做……好吗?” 这就是我们的计划。请给我们提一些建议好吗?

Such are our plans. Would_you_mind_giving us some advice, please?

3.Decide where to go on holiday with a friend.

定好和朋友到哪儿去度假。 “特殊疑问词+不定式”结构。 (2014·重庆高考满分作文)我很珍惜这本书,因为它告诉我如何用一种积极的方式保持平衡的友谊。

I value this book because it tells me how_to_keep the balance of friendship in a positive way.

4.When I first arrived in San Francisco, I had a difficult time understanding certain aspects of the American way of doing things.

刚到旧金山的时候,有段时间我感到很难理解某些美国人的处事方式。 have a difficult time (in) doing sth.“有一段较为困难的时光”。 刚到这所新学校的时候,有段时间我感到很难适应这儿的学习环境。

I_have_a_difficult_time_(in)_adjusting_to_the_learning_environment when first entering the new school.

5.I had a similar experience the last time I visited China.

上次我到中国参观时也有同样的经历。 the last time“上次……的时候”,用作连词引导时间状语从句。 (2016·全国卷Ⅱ满分作文)我仍然记着上次你来我们学校的时候给我展示了关于那个主题的照片。

I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the_last_time_you_visited_our_school.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.be_full_of_feeling   充满感情

2.get_a_very_good_prize  取得优秀奖

3.get_good_grades  取得好分数

4.give_a_report  作报告

5.give sb. a hug给某人一个拥抱

6.force sb. to do sth./into doing sth.强迫某人做某事 1.go_hungry    挨饿

2.land_safely  安全着陆

3.have fortieth birthday  过四十岁的生日

4.do the dishes  洗餐具

5.take out the rubbish  倒垃圾

6.stay out  不在家 1.at break 课间休息

2.free time activities  自由活动

3.a summer course  暑假课程

4.writing practice  写作练习

5.the beginning of new life新生活的开始

6.become good students  成为优秀学生

 

 

一、过重点单词——

1.owe vt.欠(情、债等);归功于

[教材原句] I certainly owe you an apology for not writing more often.

没有多给你写信我真的非常抱歉。

owe sb.sth.=owe sth.to sb.   欠某人某物

owe ... to ...   把……归功于;归因于

owing to   因为;由于

owe it to sb. that ...   多亏了某人

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The old man owes his good health_to_his lifestyle.

②I owed it to you that I finished my work on time.

③Owing to the rain, they could not come.

句型转换

④The country owes foreign countries billions of dollars because of the financial crisis.

→The country owes billions of dollars to foreign countries because of the financial crisis.

2.absorb vt.吸收;理解;使专心;使全神贯注;掌握

[教材原句] I've just been so busy studying and trying to absorb all the new things around me — I think I'm still experiencing culture shock.

我一直忙于学习,尽力了解身边的新事物——我觉得自己一直在经历文化冲击。

(1)absorb sb.'s attention to (doing) sth.

吸引某人对(做)某事的注意力

absorb ... into ...   把……吸收到/并入……

(2)be absorbed by/into ...      被……吞并;为……所吸收

be absorbed in (doing) sth.   全神贯注于/热衷于/一心从事某事

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Alcohol may take a few minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream and start action on the brain.

②Absorbed (absorb) in painting, Mary didn't notice evening approaching.

③Most little shops have been absorbed by/into big businesses.

完成句子

④(2015·福建高考书面表达)A weak ray of light came through a small hole in the wall and he_was_absorbed_in_reading.

一缕光线从墙上的一个小孔穿过,他(借助灯光)全神贯注地读书。

⑤When he wandered in the street, an ad selling old furniture_absorbed_his_attention.

在街上闲逛的时候,一则卖旧家具的广告吸引了他的注意力。

3.exchange vt.兑换,交换 n.兑换,交换

[教材原句] Talking of money — it's really easy to exchange traveller's cheques at banks or hotels so I advise you to get some of those before you come.

谈到钱,在银行或饭店兑换旅行支票非常容易,所以我建议你来之前准备一些支票。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中exchange的含义

①The manager told me to come back whenever I wanted. We exchanged phone numbers and said goodbye.交换

②Where can I exchange my American money for foreign money?兑换

[系统考点]

(1)exchange sth.for sth.    以某物交换某物

exchange sth.with sb.   与某人交换某物

(2)make an exchange   交换

in exchange for sth.   交换某物

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

③I will make the best of the opportunity to exchange ideas with them.

④If the courses don't meet your demands, you can easily exchange them for any other course that we provide. 

单句改错

⑤I have offered to clean the house in exchange with a week's accommodation.with→for

一句多译

他用一个苹果换我一块蛋糕。

⑥He gave me an apple in_exchange_for a piece of cake.

⑦He exchanged_an_apple_with_me_for a piece of cake.

4.majority n.大半,大多数

[教材原句] But even though some British people are quite strange, the majority of them are really friendly and I've made some good friends.

虽然有些英国人十分古怪,但是大多数人都很友好,我已经结交了一些好朋友。

(1)a/the majority of        ……的大多数

in a/the majority   占大多数

by/with a majority of   以多数票……

(2)minority n.   少数

in the minority   占少数

(3)“a/the majority of+名词”作主语时,其后谓语动词的单复数取决于of后名词的数。the majority作主语时,谓语动词既可以用复数,也可以用单数。

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①In the singing profession, women are in a/the majority.

②The majority is/are (be) in favour of banning smoking in public.

③The number of the students in our class is more than 60 and the majority of them are (be) from the countryside.

完成句子

④The white are_in_the_majority in Australia while the native people in_the_minority.

在澳大利亚,白人占多数而原住民反而占少数。

⑤The_majority_of_the_damage is easy to repair.

大部分的损失很容易补救。

5.request n.& vt.请求,要求

[教材原句] to make a request to someone you don't know very well

对你(们)不大熟悉的人表达请求

(1)make a request for ...     请求,要求……

at sb.'s request=at the request of sb. 应某人的要求

(2)request sb.(not) to do sth. 请求某人(不)做某事

request sth.from/of sb.   向某人请求某物

request (that) ...       请求……

It is/was requested that ...   据要求……

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The show was repeated at the request of audience.

②You can talk to the robot, ask it questions, and make requests for it to perform different tasks.

③The workers requested that their working conditions (should)_be_improved (improve) further.

一句多译

他们要求我们不要在餐馆里吸烟。

④They_requested_us_not_to_smoke_in_the_restaurant.(request sb. not to do)

⑤They_requested_that_we_(should)_not_smoke_in_the_restaurant.(request that)

⑥It_was_requested_that_we_(should)_not_smoke_in_the_restaurant.(it is/was requested that)

[名师指津] 在与request相关的名词性从句或“It is/was requested that ...”句型中,从句谓语动词用“(should+)do”。

6.familiar adj.熟悉的,常见的

[教材原句] Jin Li found the American way of life familiar soon after her arrival in the USA.

金丽到达美国后不久,她就发现美国人的生活方式对她来说很熟悉。

sb.be familiar with sth.    某人对某物熟悉

sth.be familiar to sb.=sth.be known to sb.

  某物为某人所熟悉

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①While most of us have met him, we are not too familiar with_him.

②Since Beijing is familiar to me, I can show visitors around the places of interest in Beijing.

7.attach vt.系,固定;附上,贴上;喜欢,依恋

[教材原句] At first, we didn't feel we belong here, but now we are attached to the land we live on.

起初,我们认为自己并不属于这里,但是现在我们已与我们所居住的土地紧紧地联系在一起了。

(1)attach ... to ...    把……固定到/附/贴在……上

attach importance/significance/value to 认为……重要/有意义/有价值

attach oneself to sb.   与某人在一起;缠着某人

(2)attached adj.   依恋的;附加的

(be) attached to   附属于;依恋

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①She has always been very much attached to her work.

②A young man attached himself (he) to me at the party and I couldn't get rid of him.

③My parents always attach great_importance (important) to my getting a good education.

完成句子

④We attach_labels_to_things before we file them away.

存档前,我们先贴上标签。

⑤I attach_great_significance_to the summit meeting.

我认为这次峰会具有重要的意义。

⑥The research unit is_attached_to_the university.

这个研究机构附属于这所大学。

8.bear vi.& vt.(bore, borne/born)容忍;忍受;承担(责任);支撑;承受;生育;出生;结(果实);携带

[教材原句] I can't bear the way the native Australians have been treated.

我不能忍受对待澳大利亚土著人的方式。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中bear的含义

①It would be unfair for her to bear personally the great burden.承担

②The old people cannot bear up against the midsummer this year.容忍

③This beam bears the whole weight of the upper floor.支撑

④Some of the newly­planted peach trees have also begun to bear.结果

[系统考点]

bear the blame/responsibility     受责备/承担责任

can't bear doing/to do sth.   不能忍受做某事

bear sb./sb.'s doing sth.   忍受某人做某事

bear sth.in mind   牢记某事

bear (it) in mind that ...   牢记……

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑤I cannot bear his speaking (speak) to me in that rude manner.

⑥She bore the responsibility (responsible) for most of the changes.

完成句子

⑦You shouldn't have to bear_the_blame_for other people's mistakes.

你不应该非得代人受过。

⑧We must bear_it_in_mind_that wasting time is equal to wasting our life.

我们必须牢记浪费时间等于浪费生命。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.It is reported that the majority of the young, with their parents working in distant cities, have_been_suffering (suffer) from a sense of loneliness for years. 

2.He owes his good health to plenty of exercise and a regular life.

3.No wonder his wife complains about him.No one can bear him staying (stay) at home, doing nothing day after day. 

4.It is requested that each of the teachers invited (should)_give (give) a performance at the party. 

5.Exchanging opinions with each other on the schedule, we finally reached an agreement.

6.Parents attach much significance (significant) to education.They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift.

7.What is being pulled down is the only theme park that is familiar to children.

8.With the development of science and technology, the surrounding villages have been absorbed by/into the growing city.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Don't respond to any e­mails requested personal information, no matter how official they look.requested→requesting

2.She said she was familiar to Makcik's daily routine and was certain she would still be sleeping. to→with

3.My experience has taught me that only if we attach great importance with cooperation, can we go beyond ourselves. with→to

4.In the long run, Urmson sees a future of safer roads — the majority of auto accidents is caused by human error — and fewer traffic jams.is→are

5.I owed to you that I made such rapid progress in my spoken English.owed后加it

6.When deeply absorbing in work, he would forget all about eating or sleeping.absorbing→absorbed

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.I_can't_bear_seeing_food thrown away. 

看见食物被扔掉真是让我受不了。

2.All my classmates attach_great_importance_to_learning English texts by heart.

我所有的同学都认为背诵英语课文很重要。

3.I've only just come here. However, I'm still_not_familiar_with_the_work.

我已经来过这儿了。但我依然不熟悉这儿的工作。

4.He was_absorbed_in_the books after borrowing them from a bookshop.

从书店借来书之后,他便沉浸在这些书中。

5.We're coming to the aid of the people of Somalia at_the_request_of the UN.

我们应联合国的要求前去救援索马里的民众。

二、过短语、句式——

1.get used to习惯于

[教材原句] You're going to have to get used to bacon and eggs with a few slices of toast for breakfast over here, Aunt Mei!

梅姨,你必须得适应这里腌肉、鸡蛋加几片烤面包的早餐!

(1)be/become/grow/get used to (doing) sth.

=be/become/grow/get accustomed to (doing) sth.

习惯于(做)某事    

(2)be used to do sth.   被用来做某事

(3)used to do sth.   过去常常做某事(暗示现在已经不做了)

[题点全练] 完成句子

①I found the job tiring at first but I soon got_used_to it.

起初我觉得这份工作很累人,但很快就习惯了。

②Computers are_used_to_do many things for people now.

现在计算机被用来为人们做很多事情。

③We used_to_sit in the yard every evening, listening to stories told by my grandpa.

过去我们常常每天晚上坐在院子里,听爷爷讲故事。 

④When he was young, he used_to go there on foot. Now he has got_used_to going there by bike, though his bike is_used_to pick up his grandson sometimes.

他年轻的时候常步行去那里。现在他习惯于骑自行车去那里,虽然有时候他的自行车被用来接孙子。

2.see ... off 给(某人)送行

[教材原句] He insisted on walking me to the station to see me off.

他坚持陪我走到车站给我送行。

[归纳拓展]

①see through ...      看透,识破;把……做完

②see to sb./sth.   照料;注意;处理

③see to it that ...   确保/保证……

[应用领悟]

①Who will see off the guests at the station this afternoon?

今天下午谁去车站为客人送行?

②We must see to it that all jobs are finished before 5 o'clock.

我们必须确保所有的工作在5点前完成。

③I'm so glad you've come here to see to the matter in person.

我很高兴你能亲自来处理这件事情。

④You were very clever to see through him.He had deceived the rest of us.

你能看穿他真是聪明,他把我们其余的人都蒙蔽了。

3.bring an end to结束,制止

[教材原句] The arrival of white people gradually brought an end to the traditional Aboriginal way of life.

白人的到来逐渐结束了传统土著人的生活方式。

come to an end       结束,告终

  使……结束;终结……

at the end of ...   在……结束时;最终

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The meeting didn't come to an end until 12 o'clock.

②At the end of the day, he'll still have to make his own decision.

③I hope we have brought an end to our arguments.

一句多译

希望政府采取的行动可以结束罢工。

④It_is_hoped_that_the_government's_action_will_bring_the_strike_to_an_end.(bring ... to an end)

⑤It_is_hoped_that_the_government's_action_will_put_an_end_to_the_strike.(put an end to ...)

[名师指津] (1)在bring an end to, put an end to, come to an end中,用an不用the。

(2)bring an end to sth.可以转化为bring sth. to an end,但put an end to不可改为put ...to an end。

4.“特殊疑问词+不定式”结构

Decide where_to_go_on_holiday with a friend.

定好和朋友到哪儿去度假。

 

句中where to go on holiday ...为“特殊疑问词+不定式”结构,在句中作宾语。

“疑问词+不定式”结构可在句中作主语、宾语、表语等。

(1)在“疑问词+不定式”结构中,不定式必须用主动式而不能用被动式。

(2)why后加不定式时,省略不定式符号to。

(3)whether后可接不定式,而if不可以。

①When and where to_discuss (discuss) the issue hasn't been decided yet.(作主语)

何时何地讨论这个问题还没有确定。

②I don't know whether to_accept (accept) it or not.(作宾语)

我不知道是否接受它。

③The question many students are puzzled about is how_to_study_English_well.(作表语)

很多学生困惑的问题是怎样学好英语。

④Why not discover (discover) what you enjoy and do that?

为什么不去发现你喜欢做的然后去做呢?

5.the last time引导时间状语从句

I had a similar experience the_last_time I visited China.

上次我到中国参观时也有同样的经历。

 

the last time作连词,引导时间状语从句。类似的还有:the moment, the minute, the second, the instant, the day, the week, the month, the year, each/every/next/any/last time, immediately, instantly, directly, by the time等。

①The_last_time_I_saw_him,_he was in hospital.

上次我见到他时,他住院了。

②He left me a good impression the_first_time I met him.

我第一次见到他时,他给我留下了好印象。

③The_moment he got out of the airport, the famous pop star was surrounded by his fans.

这位著名歌星一出飞机场,就被歌迷围了起来。

④I came to see you instantly (instant) I heard the news.

我一听到这个消息,马上就来看你了。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Before I studied psychology, I had been used to thinking (think) that people would laugh when funny things occurred.

2.The mother and children went to Swansea to see the father off.

3.Contrary to all advice, he gave up his job and left for the south.

4.And if you become rich, you have a difficult time (in) knowing (know) who your real friends are.

5.It was late at night, and there was no bus. Fortunately, a man driving a car gave me a lift.

6.Only through political solution could we put/bring an end to the violence.

7.Would you mind my/me going (go) ahead of you?

8.He doesn't know what to_talk (talk) about.

9.The last time Dad and I set sail together, he told me lots of useful sailing skills.

10.It's not polite to stare at a girl in the face.

Ⅱ.翻译句子

1.向你父母解释这件事你也许有困难。

(have a difficult time in doing sth.)

You_may_have_a_difficult_time_in_explaining_that_to_your_parents.

2.数千人在机场为他们送行。(see ...off)

Thousands_of_people_were_at_the_airport_to_see_them_off.

3.那个男孩坚持和他爸爸一起去游泳。(insist on)

The_boy_insisted_on_going_swimming_with_his_father.

4.据说何时何地举行会议已经确定。(特殊疑问词+不定式)

It_is_said_that_when_and_where_to_have_a_meeting_has_been_decided.

5.我上一次给你写信,那是在我毕业后的第四年。

(the last time)

The_last_time_I_wrote_you_a_letter,_it_was_the_fourth_year_after_I_graduated.

Ⅲ.句型转换/一句多译

1.To be honest, I'm at a loss what we will do next.

→To be honest, I'm at a loss what to do next.

2.He paid back the money he owed us as soon as he returned home.

→He paid back the money he owed us immediately he returned home.

3.As a science student, I have been studying Chinese,  math, English, physics, chemistry and biology, and all belong to the college entrance examination subjects.

→As a science student, I have been studying Chinese, math, English, physics, chemistry and biology, belonging to the college entrance examination subjects.

4.会议结束了。

①The meeting came_to_an_end.(come to an end)

②We put/brought_an_end_to_the_meeting.

(put/bring an end to ...)

③We brought_the_meeting_to_an_end. (bring ... to an end)

三、过语法、写作——

 

(一)单元小语法——常接动名词、动词不定式作

  宾语的动词;现在分词

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.I can't stand working (work) with Mary in the same office. She just refuses to_stop_ (stop) talking while she works.

2.How many of us attending (attend) a meeting that has nothing to do with us is not important at all. 

3.You can hardly imagine the difficulty the woman had bringing (bring) up her children. 

4.I know it's not important, but I can't help thinking (think) about it. 

5.He pretended to_be_sleeping (sleep) when his mother came in. 

6.I remembered to_lock (lock) the door before I left the office,but forgot to turn off the lights. 

7.The lecture, starting (start) at 7:00 pm last night, was followed by an observation of the moon with telescopes. 

8.Having_been_asked (ask) to work overtime that evening, I missed a wonderful film. 

9.Tony lent me the money, hoping (hope) that I'd do as much for him. 

10.We agreed to_meet (meet) here but so far she hasn't turned up yet.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Last year, he decided go abroad to make a chance.go前加to

2.It was no use pretend that I had not seen him.pretend→pretending

3.The man knocked at the door must be our uncle.knocked→knocking

4.Have read the chapter four times, I finally understood the author's theory.Have→Having

5.How I wish to seeing my old friends again.seeing→see

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.I learned from your letter that you_want_to_improve_your_English_pronunciation.

我从你的信上得知你想提高你的英语发音。

2.The teacher called Tom to his office because_he_was_caught_cheating_in_the_exam.

老师让Tom到他办公室,因为他在考试中被发现作弊。

3.If you think that treating a woman well means always getting_her_permission_for_things,_think again.

如果你认为对女性好就意味着任何事情都要得到她的允许,那么就再考虑考虑。

4.Not_having_come_in_time,_little Franz was very afraid of being scolded.

因为没有及时来到,小Franz很害怕受到责怪。

5.Most of the workers_living_in_that_new_house are from the countryside.

生活在那所新房子里的工人大部分来自于乡下。

 

(二)课堂微写作

  练补写——让行文更条理

 

[题目要求]

假设你叫杨云,你的外国朋友John想了解中国的春节,请写一封100词左右的信回复他。

[补写提示] 请按提示线索补写下列习作的中间段落

Dear John,

How are you these days? I am glad to receive your letter.

春节在中国人心中的地位→春节期间人们如何庆祝

Yours,

Yang Yun

[答案示例]

Dear John,

How are you these days? I am glad to receive your letter.

The Spring Festival is our most important holiday, the Lunar New Year.On the festival, families will get together to share happiness and joy. At the same time, each person will celebrate the new year by saying good luck to each other. People take part in sports outdoors. Spring phenomenon will last 15 days,during which we always visit relatives and friends. Children are the happiest, for they are given so many red pockets by their parents, grandfather or grandmother, uncle, aunt and so on. Cities and towns sparks with bright lights. The last day of the Spring Festival is the Lantern Festival.

Yours,

Yang Yun

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

xXx:Return of Xander Cage

Release date: January 20, 2017

Starring: Vin Diesel, Ruby Rose, Nina Dobrev, Donnie Yen, Kris Wu

Rating:★★★★

Plot:Xander Cage (Vin Diesel) is left for dead after an incident, and then he secretly returns to action for a tough assignment designed for him.

Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons (妖魔) Ⅱ

Release date: January 28, 2017

Starring: Kris Wu, Kenny Lin, Yao Chen, Jelly Lin

Rating:★★★★

Plot: The film is a sequel (续集) to the 2013 film, Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons, which was directed by Stephen Chow. Tang Sanzang (Kris Wu), along with his three disciples, sets out on the journey to the West. Although they appear to be harmonious, in reality, they are plotting against each other. After a series of adventures where they capture demons, they start to understand one another's pains and heart, and finally solve their internal conflicts, working together to become the most united demon­killing team.

Live by Night

Release date: January 13, 2017

Starring: Ben Affleck, Scott Eastwood, Zoe Saldana, Elle Fanning

Rating:★★★

Plot: In the Prohibition Era, Joe Coughlin, the prodigal son of a Boston police captain, becomes a bootlegger and later, a notorious gangster (恶棍).

The Village of No Return

Release date: January 28, 2017

Starring: Hsu Chi, Wang Qianyuan, Hsiao­chuan Chang, Eric Tsang

Rating:★★

Plot: In a beautiful and quiet village, an uninvited guest and mysterious treasure appear, making a series of funny stories happen.

语篇解读:本文是一篇广告类应用文,介绍了四部电影的上映时间、主要情节、主要演员等。

21.Which film can you see if you're free on Jan. 13, 2017?

A.Live by Night.

B.Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons Ⅱ.

C.xXx: Return of Xander Cage.

D.The Village of No Return.

解析:选A 细节理解题。题干提问的是在2017年1月13日可以看的电影,通读四部电影的上映时间可知,第三部电影Live by Night在2017年1月13日上映,故A项正确。

22.Who stars two films among the four mentioned?

A.Scott Eastwood.     B.Kris Wu.

C.Ruby Rose.  D.Hsu Chi.

解析:选B 细节理解题。由题干中的关键词“Who stars two films”定位至每个电影介绍中的Starring部分。根据第一部电影xXx:Return of Xander Cage和第二部电影Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons (妖魔) Ⅱ中的Starring部分可知,这两部电影的演员中都有Kris Wu,故B项正确。

23.Why can the demon­killing group finally become the most harmonious one?

A.They are facing risks to explore everything.

B.They can avoid their internal arguments.

C.They can fully know about each other.

D.They are fighting against each other.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据第二部电影“After a series of adventures where they capture demons, they start to understand one another's pains and heart, and finally solve their internal conflicts, working together to become the most united demon­killing team”可推断,他们成为最和谐的斩妖除魔团队的原因是他们能互相理解,故C项正确。

24.How is The Village of No Return different from the other films?

A.It is rated more stars than the other three.

B.It is a follow­up film to the 2013 one.

C.It is not released in the same month.

D.It can make audience laugh a lot.

解析:选D 细节理解题。比较这四部电影的情景叙述并结合第四部电影The Village of No Return的Plot中的“making a series of funny stories happen”可知,这部电影让观众欣赏到有趣的故事,是其他三部电影所没有的,故D项正确。

B

(2018·烟台质检)When I was in college, I spent a semester studying abroad at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. In my brief time there, I came to love Scotland for its local culture, food and scenery.

You might think, “Scotland isn't so different from the US; they still speak English there!” But when I stepped off the plane, I was greeted by a gruff­voiced (声音粗哑的) lady at customs. “You'll be coming from America, then?” She asked me, and I nodded. “But all of our guys are leaving Glasgow for the States!” Her thick Scottish English and sense of humor were obvious right away. I was not in the US any more, where customs agents never joke around.

As I settled in at the university, I could feel myself getting used to hearing — and even speaking — the Scottish English of my customs agent. In classroom discussions, people would say “em” when they couldn't think of what to say instead of “um”, which was great fun. After the first few weeks, I stopped chuckling about this. Strathclyde students stayed up late into the night, running around campus and shouting, “Go! Lat's go, lat's go, lat's go (curse word) Glasgow!” Pretty soon, I was no longer saying “thanks” at the supermarket — instead, I said “cheers”.

My Scottish friends drank whiskey and ate haggis (羊杂碎布丁). I drank plenty of whiskey but I was ashamed to admit that I wasn't brave enough to try haggis. Scottish bakeries usually sell bridies (肉馅饼). Add a cup of tea — though I usually Americanized it by choosing coffee instead — and a bridie makes for a delicious breakfast.

Every time I took a train anywhere in Scotland, I'd gaze out at the rolling hills and wonder if grass was greener than anywhere else in the world. Then I'd reflect that there's a reason this country was the birthplace of golf.

语篇解读:本文介绍了“我”在苏格兰学习期间的体验:居民友好,食物独特,景色优美,苏格兰英语与美式英语有区别。

25.What did the author think of the lady at customs?

A.Impolite.  B.Friendly.

C.Serious.  D.Calm.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据第二段中的“Her thick Scottish English and sense of humor were obvious right away. I was not in the US any more, where customs agents never joke around”可知,作者认为她的苏格兰英语和幽默用得恰到好处,而美国的海关工作人员却从来不跟人开玩笑;据此可推断,作者认为这位在海关工作的女士是友好的,故B项正确。

26.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “chuckling” in Paragraph 3?

A.Talking loudly.       B.Comparing.

C.Laughing quietly.  D.Hearing.

解析:选C 词义猜测题。根据第三段中的“In classroom discussions, people would say ... was great fun. After the first few weeks, I stopped chuckling about this”并结合“Pretty soon, I ... said ‘cheers’ ”可推知,在教室讨论时,“我”发现他们的发音很有趣,几周后,“我”适应了他们的发音,所以不再偷笑。故画线词意为“偷笑”,C项正确。

27.What is the author's purpose of writing the text?

A.To explain why Scotland is famous for golf.

B.To promote the development of Scottish catering trade.

C.To introduce different pronunciations of “em”and “um”.

D.To share his experiences in Scotland as an exchange student.

解析:选D 写作目的题。通读全文并结合第一段中的“In my brief time there, I came to love Scotland for its local culture, food and scenery”可知,本文旨在和读者分享“我”在苏格兰做交换生期间所感受到的苏格兰文化、美食和美景,故D项正确。

C

(2018·宝鸡质检)Les Stocker's life was altered in 1976, when he tripped over an injured hedgehog (刺猬) near his home. Unable to get help from a local veterinarian, who offered to put it to sleep, Stocker took the little animal home and tended to it himself. It was the beginning of a 40­year journey that would transform Stocker's ordinary life as an accountant.

Although he lacked formal veterinary training, Stocker pioneered wildlife medical care at a time when traditional veterinary medicine focused on treating domesticated (驯养的) animals and pets. “An injured wild animal had nobody to look after it; nobody seemed to care,” Stocker once said. “It was just that feeling that made it quite easy for me to start taking them in.”

Stocker and his wife, Sue, set up an animal rescue center in a garden shed behind their home in Buckinghamshire, where they began treating varieties of injured birds and animals — including muntjac deer, foxes, swans, and owls — dropped off by vets, cops, animal shelters, ordinary citizens, and the occasional celebrations.

With few established wildlife treatment protocols at the time, Stocker learned by trial and error. He used superglue to repair bird beaks and bat wings. He developed slings to hold and protect injured deer. And he once stitched up a frog's tongue after it had been sliced by a weed trimmer, and then spent hours patiently helping it relearn how to use it to catch insects again. Trained vets were paid to operate and prescribe drugs, but Stocker learned how to provide emergency treatment and anesthetize (给……施行麻醉) animals. For baby hedgehogs, he fashioned a plastic cap into an anesthesia mask.

By 1983, Stocker was devoted to wildlife full­time, establishing the charitable Wildlife Hospital Trust to fund a veter­inary hospital in a converted three­bedroom house. Through donations, the Trust eventually raised enough money to build a bigger facility on a six­acre site in 1991.

His efforts were eventually honored by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons and the New York Academy of Sciences.

语篇解读:1976年莱斯·斯托克被一只受伤的刺猬绊倒,求助被拒后他便开始悉心照顾它,并且从此踏上了治疗和照顾受伤的野生动物的人生之路;他还和妻子一起创办了野生动物援救中心。

28.Why did Les Stocker take care of the injured hedgehog?

A.Because he was devoted to the protection of the wild animals.

B.Because he failed to get help from a local veterinarian.

C.Because he would like to transform his ordinary life.

D.Because he wanted to make some changes to himself.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据文章第一段第二句“Unable to get help from a local veterinarian, who offered to put it to sleep, Stocker took the little animal home and tended to it himself.”可知,因为当地兽医没能提供帮助,莱斯·斯托克只好把刺猬带回家自己照顾。

29.Les Stocker started wildlife medical care when ________.

A.nobody seemed to care injured wild animals

B.formal veterinary training was needed

C.he set up an animal rescue center in Buckinghamshire

D.traditional veterinary medicine focused on treating varieties of animals and pets

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据文章第二段内容可知,斯托克开始对野生动物进行治疗是因为传统兽医仅关注治疗驯养的动物和宠物,而受伤的野生动物却无人照顾。故选A项。

30.Paragraph 4 is developed by ________.

A.giving examples  B.listing suggestions

C.making comparison  D.doing experiments

解析:选A 写作手法题。第四段主要通过举例子来介绍斯托克如何治疗野生动物的,比如帮助修复鸟类的喙和青蛙的舌头等。故选A项。

31.Which of the following can be used to describe Les Stocker?

A.Stubborn.  B.Brave.

C.Cheerful.  D.Responsible.

解析:选D 推理判断题。通读全文不难看出,正是因为斯托克有责任心,他才会将受伤的动物带回家,自己不断地尝试来给予受伤动物适当的治疗,甚至和妻子一起创办野生动物援救中心。因此,用responsible(负责任的)描述莱斯·斯托克最为恰当。

D

(2018·南昌调研)Biologist Robert Pitman and his colleagues tracked orcas, or killer whales, and humpback whales off the coast of Western Australia. To research further, the scientists attached a tracker to a female orca, which allowed them to use satellites to monitor her movements. They followed her for six days. During that time, the orca attacked eight young humpback whales. During the seven attacks, the orca killed the humpback whale calf (幼兽) on three occasions.

But the story doesn't end there. Humpback whales themselves are popularly thought to be large but generally, passive creatures. Pitman's study findings may let people think otherwise.

When chased by orcas, humpback whales are known to try to outswim orcas. They are thought to do this at high speed so that the orcas can't keep up. On some occasions, the humpback whales sought out protection. They swam to shallow water, nearby reefs, or even under the researchers' boats. These ways often reduced the attack. But at other times, the humpback whales decided to stay and fight.

As the orcas approached, the mother humpback would sometimes move her calf to her side, or lift it out of the water using her head or flippers. She also blew huge breaths of air to disturb the orcas, and lunged or charged at them, slashing (劈) and slapping her tail and flippers. Perhaps most surprisingly, humpback whales also have adult “escorts (护卫队)” that try to protect calves that are not their own, joining the mother in defending the smaller whale. These escort whales either charged at the orcas, or placed themselves between the attackers and calves, slashing their tails and flippers.

Despite the efforts of the mother whales and escorts, the orcas were more often than not successful in their attacks. But the presence of the escorts did reduce how many times a whale calf was killed.

语篇解读:本文是说明文。文章主要讲的是科学家使用科学仪器来观察杀人鲸是如何追杀驼背鲸及后者是如何反击和保护幼小的驼背鲸的。

32.What's the purpose of the scientists' further research?

A.To keep a record of whales' living habits.

B.To observe orcas' hunting humpback whales.

C.To see what life­or­death battles whales may face.

D.To find out the techniques orcas use when hunting.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的“To research further ... to use satellites to monitor her movements. They followed her for six days. During that time, the orca attacked eight young humpback whales ...”可知,科学家进行进一步研究的目的是观察杀人鲸追杀驼背鲸的活动。故选B。

33.Why did the humpback whales swim to shallow water?

A.To avoid being attacked.

B.To hunt for food.

C.To protect their young.

D.To trick the chasers.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据文章第三段中的“On some occasions, the humpback whales sought out protection. They swam to shallow water, nearby reefs, or even under the researchers' boats”可知,驼背鲸游至浅水区是出于自身的安全考虑,为了避免被攻击。故选A。

34.What is mainly talked about in Paragraph 4?

A.Why humpback whales fall victim to orcas.

B.How humpback whales protect their calves.

C.The great mother love of humpback whales.

D.Smaller humpback whales' ways of surviving.

解析:选B 段落大意题。根据第四段的内容可知,本段主要讲的是在面对杀人鲸的攻击时,驼背鲸是如何进行反击来保护自己的幼崽的。故B项最能概括本段的大意。

35.What does Pitman's study find?

A.Orcas are successful in their attacks.

B.It's not easy for orcas to obtain food.

C.Humpback whales swim faster than orcas.

D.Humpback whales could be active animals.

解析:选D 推理判断题。第二段提到“Humpback whales themselves are popularly thought to be large but generally, passive creatures. Pitman's study findings may let people think otherwise”,驼背鲸一般被认为是大型的但是通常被动的生物,Pitman的研究发现可能会让人不这么认为。下文接着讲了面对杀人鲸的攻击时,驼背鲸所采取的一些应对方式,其中包含积极迎击。故选D。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

It is important to introduce yourself in a creative, memorable way to distinguish yourself from the crowd. __36__ Since being witty (言辞诙谐的) doesn't always come easily, try one of these creative introductions and separate yourself from the rest.

Write your first or last name on a piece of paper. __37__ So if your name is Tom, you might say you are tireless, optimistic and mild.

__38__ Then say that you will do so in the words of your “best and worst critic” — your mother. By breaking the ice in this way, you can go on in either a humorous or serious fashion.

Introduce yourself silently, by drawing a picture of yourself on a large sheet of paper. __39__ In fact, in some groups, it may be better if you don't. Put a title at the top of your drawing, if you like, such as, “Hello! This is me.”

Turn the traditional introduction upside down by describing yourself in exactly opposite terms of who you are. Have fun with this “back door approach”, and keep people guessing just how much you are exaggerating (夸张). __40__ Don't bother calling me tomorrow, because I will be hiding in a closet. Send text messages to my girlfriend while I drink a Bud Light on the job.

A.This introduction requires you to be gifted in art.

B.Freely admit that you don't like talking about yourself.

C.It makes no difference whether you possess artistic abilities.

D.For example, I am probably the laziest person you will ever meet.

E.Use each letter as the first letter in an adjective that describes you.

F.Bring in the surprise factor — sometimes known as the shock factor.

G.After all, anybody can stand up and announce their name, business title and job responsibilities.

 

36.解析:选G 由上文“用一种有创意的、让人记住的方法介绍你自己,使得你自己从人群中脱颖而出很重要”可知,下文具体说明这样做的原因,故G项符合语境。

37.解析:选E 由下文所举的例子“So if your name is Tom, you might say you are tireless, optimistic and mild”可知E项符合语境。

38.解析:选B 由下文暗示“Then say that you will do so in the words of your ‘best and worst critic’”“By breaking the ice in this way”可知B项符合语境。此处表示大方地承认你不喜欢谈论自己,然后说你会用妈妈对你所作的最好和最坏的评论谈论自己。

39.解析:选C 由上文信息“drawing a picture of yourself”可知此处涉及绘画方面的内容,故C项“你是否有艺术才能不重要”符合语境。

40.解析:选D 上文提到“describing yourself in exactly opposite terms of who you are”可知,下文具体举例说明了这种介绍方式,故D项符合语境。

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

One of the best things about traveling is experiencing different cultures. And that often means experiencing different __41__ and ways of life too — there's no better way to __42__ your own views than to get yourself into __43__ cultures. On a recent trip to Berlin, I was __44__ of the differences between my home country (UK) and Germany. One example: escort agencies (陪伴机构). In Germany, __45__ companionship is fully accepted by German society. I did __46__ one such agency — Escort Berlin, and I was glad of the __47__ I paid for, who became my guide to Berlin! In the UK, it's __48__ that we Brits feel rather ashamed to pay for anything __49__ it comes to human relationships. I found the German attitude to be very __50__ and free.

In general, I found the local Berliners friendly and gentle; English is __51__ spoken throughout the city, and in contrast, I usually felt ashamed at my poor German language skills. Their love of the arts is __52__ throughout the city — in its architecture, museums, parks, and __53__ coffee shops. I had the feeling of being __54__ a population who were people teaching themselves — a(n) __55__ for knowledge and learning. I did the usual __56__ things — the Brandenburg Gate, the Olympic Stadium, Kunsthaus Tacheles, etc — __57__ for me it's the PEOPLE that are the fondest __58__ I have of Berlin — friendly, engaging, intelligent, and __59__. And it goes without saying that I will be __60__ to Berlin again.

语篇解读:作者以在柏林旅行为例,告诉人们旅行最好的经历之一是体验与自己国家不同的文化。

41.A.values  B.sights

C.climates  D.conditions

解析:选A 由首句信息“experiencing different cultures”可知只有values属于文化的范畴。

42.A.change  B.form

C.express  D.expand

解析:选D 体验不同的(diverse)文化是拓展(expand)你的视野的最佳方法。change“改变”;form“形成”。

43.A.interesting  B.popular

C.diverse  D.distinctive

解析:选C 参见上题解析。

44.A.warned  B.reminded

C.convinced  D.informed

解析:选B 最近去柏林的旅行中,作者想起了自己的祖国(英国)和德国的不同。be reminded of“想起,被提醒”,符合语境。 be warned of“被警告”;be convinced of“确信”;be informed of“被告知”。

45.A.fixed  B.given

C.needed  D.paid

解析:选D 由下文的“I was glad of the ________ I paid for”可知此处是指花钱请人陪自己。paid companionship“付费伴游”。

46.A.check in  B.check out

C.check off  D.check over

解析:选B 此处指“我确实核实了这样的一家机构”,故用check out“查证,核实”。check in“登记入住”;check off“在(处理过或核对过的项目后)打钩”;check over“仔细检查,核对”。

47.A.goods  B.tickets

C.company  D.souvenir

解析:选C 由下文的“I paid for, who became my guide to Berlin”可知作者付钱找了伴游(company)。

48.A.strange  B.important

C.necessary  D.typical

解析:选D 此处讲述的是英国和德国的文化差异,在德国人们接受付费伴游,而在英国人们对这种现象感到羞耻是典型的(typical)。

49.A.when  B.if

C.since  D.unless

解析:选A 此处指当谈到为人际关系付费时,作者发现德国人的态度非常让人耳目一新(refreshing)。本空考查了固定句式when it comes to ...“谈到……的时候”。

50.A.disappointing  B.puzzling

C.refreshing  D.annoying

解析:选C 参见上题解析。

51.A.little  B.well

C.mainly  D.hardly

解析:选B 下文的“and in contrast, I usually felt ashamed at my poor German language skills”暗示,此处填well表示柏林人英语都说得很好(well),而相比之下,作为来柏林旅游的人,德语还很差,这让作者感到羞愧。

52.A.shown  B.created

C.established  D.decorated

解析:选A 由下文所列的architecture, museums, parks, coffee shops可知,此处说德国人对艺术的爱体现(shown)在城市的各个角落。establish“确立”;decorate“装饰”。

53.A.still  B.ever

C.yet  D.even

解析:选D 德国人对艺术的爱体现在它的建筑设计中、博物馆中、公园里,甚至(even)咖啡馆中。

54.A.beyond  B.among

C.across  D.around

解析:选B 此处作者用among表示作者对德国文化的认同,他认为自己是德国的一员了。

55.A.thirst  B.awareness

C.demand  D.reason

解析:选A 由上文的“who were people teaching themselves”可知德国人渴求(thirst)知识。awareness“意识”;reason“理由”。

56.A.guide  B.citizen

C.agency  D.tourist

解析:选D 由下文所列的旅游景点以及上文提到作者来柏林旅游可知用tourist。usual tourist things指“游客常做的事”。

57.A.and  B.or

C.but  D.so

解析:选C 上下文之间有逻辑上的转折关系,故用but。此处意为“但是我最喜欢的记忆是柏林的人”。

58.A.memory  B.practice

C.presence  D.feeling

解析:选A 参见上题解析。memory“记忆”;practice“实践”;presence“出现”。

59.A.excited  B.learned

C.dynamic  D.serious

解析:选B 由上文所说的德国人好学可推断出当地人应该十分博学(learned)。dynamic“精力充沛的”。

60.A.turning over  B.setting off

C.going back  D.starting out

解析:选C 本空所在句总结全文。作者对柏林印象非常深刻,故可推断他会故地重游的。go back“回去,返回”,符合语境。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

This January has seen the start of the Chinese New Year, and my very first time celebrating it since I moved to China from the UK.

A friend from Hunan Province invited me __61__ (stay) with his family in the village of Zhouqing, close to Yueyang City.As I arrived, the sound of firecrackers (鞭炮) greeted me __62__ children played in the streets.Dozens of rice fields surrounded the __63__ (house), which made me excited as I'd never seen any before.

At the dinner time, we all sat around a small table with a heater under it and covered our legs with a blanket for warmth while we enjoyed food that my friend's mother had prepared.

Each home in the village has a smokehouse __64__ cured meats (腌肉) are hung over a fire for several months.This is also where friends and family gather to keep warm and talk at night.Sitting by the fire made me feel __65__ (peace), and it was like I was experiencing the traditional Chinese way of life.

On New Year's Day, we visited every neighbor in the village and were greeted __66__ (warm) at each house.A group of people paraded (游行) through the village, two of them dressed as a lion, going into every home to perform a song for good fortune.I __67__ (attract) by this and followed the group, taking photos to share with my family.We visited other relatives the next day, who had prepared a lot of delicious food.At night, we all went to KTV and had a great time __68__ (sing) together.

__69__ my final afternoon, I felt very Chinese as I played mahjong (麻将) while sipping green tea.I even won my first two games.

Feeling like an outsider __70__ (be) quite normal for Westerners in China, but every person I met in that small village in Hunan made me feel like I was at home.

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。我应湖南一位朋友的邀请,第一次在中国过年,我受到了当地人的热烈欢迎和热情款待,感受到了家的温暖。

61.to stay 考查动词不定式。invite sb.to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“邀请某人做某事”。句意:我的一位湖南的朋友邀请我和他的家人一起过年。

62.while/and 考查连词。此处可用连词while,表示“在……的过程中”。“孩子们在街上玩”和“放鞭炮欢迎我的到来”是并列关系,故也可用并列连词and。

63.houses 考查名词的数。根据该句中的“Dozens of rice fields”并结合语境可知,该处指多幢房子,故用复数形式。

64.where 考查定语从句。分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,先行词为smokehouse,关系词在从句中作地点状语,故用where。

65.peaceful 考查形容词。该句中的“feel”为连系动词,后接形容词,此处表示“坐在炉火旁使我感到平静”。

66.warmly 考查副词。根据空前的were greeted可知,空处修饰动词,故用副词形式。

67.was attracted 考查动词的时态和语态。该句主语I和动词attract之间为被动关系,故用被动语态;该句叙述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。

68.singing 考查动名词。have a good/great time (in) doing sth.为固定用法。

69.On/During 考查介词。根据该句中的“my final afternoon”可知,空处填On/During。在特定的某一天用on。during表示“在(一段时间中的)某一时候”,此处也可用。

70.is 考查时态和主谓一致。该句主语为动名词短语“Feeling like an outsider”,故谓语动词用单数;根据该句语境可知,该句陈述的是一般情况,故用一般现在时。

 

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

All my family were staying at home, with the air conditioner turning on.Suddenly, we heard a loud noise in the hall, as if something falls on the ground.We rushed out,  only to find the weak sparrow lying on the floor.Seeing people coming, it wanted to fly. And after it flapped (振) its wing, it couldn't. It must have felt too hot that it wanted to find a cooler place. Fortunately, it didn't see our glass windows and was hit to dizzy. So we got it inside and provided it some water. After a while the sparrow opened its eyes and seemed much well.

答案:第一句:turning→turned

第二句:falls→fell

第三句:第一个the→a

第五句:And→But; wing→wings

第六句:too→so

第七句:Fortunately→Unfortunately; 去掉to

第八句:some前加with

第九句:well→better

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,你的英国笔友Peter想和家人周末前往上海迪士尼乐园(Shanghai Disneyland)游玩,向你咨询相关信息。请你给Peter回一封电子邮件,要点如下:

1.开园时间:9:00-21:00;

2.标准票(1.4 m以上):370元/人;儿童票(1.0 m - 1.4 m):280元/人;

3.建议和祝愿。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

参考范文:

Dear Peter,

From your letter I have known that you and your family plan to visit the Shanghai Disneyland at weekends. I am willing to tell you something about it.

The Disneyland is open to the public from 9:00 to 21:00, when you can enjoy a magical world. As for the ticket, the price for people over 1.4 m is 370 yuan per person, while a child between 1.0 m and 1.4 m only needs to pay 280 yuan. Besides, I have some suggestions for you. Considering the food in the park is extremely expensive, you'd better take some snacks and water. Additionally, you are supposed to wear sports shoes, which can make your visit more enjoyable.

Wish you a happy visit. If you have any other questions, don't hesitate to turn to me.

Yours truly,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.They exchanged (exchange) things according to the cost of production in the old days.

2.The_majority (major) of the young people in the village have visited the Summer Palace.

3.I really hope that the boy can soon get used to living (live) in the mountain village after he gets there.

4.What's your opinion of her request that we (should)_spend (spend) half an hour reading English aloud every morning?

5.He couldn't bear losing (lose) the money for which he had risked his life.

(二)单句改错 

1.He forget all about his homework completely,having absorbed in the computer games.去掉having

2.Owing on the bad weather, this morning's flight will be delayed.on→to

3.Only if you attach importance on your work can you make it well.on→to

4.Many volunteers are used to do difficult or important work.do→doing

5.One third of the country is covered with trees and the majority of the citizens is black people.第二个is→are

(三)完成句子

1.How_to_divide labor among the workers is still a question.

这些工人之间如何分工仍是个问题。

2.I had an unforgettable experience the_last_time_I_went_to_America.

上次去美国是我一次难忘的经历。

3.He was_so_absorbed_in_the_book_that he didn't notice me enter the room.

他如此专心于读书以至于他没注意到我走进房间。

4.The Great Wall and the Yellow River are_familiar_to every overseas Chinese.

长城和黄河为每一个海外华人所熟悉。

5.If you have to leave tomorrow,I will see_you_off_at the airport.

如果你明天必须离开,我将在机场为你送行。

淮南英语辅导必修四Unit 12 Culture Shock转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/2409.html

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