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淮南一对一英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 11 The Media

Unit 11 The Media

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.media n.        大众传播媒介,传媒

2.chat  n.   闲谈,聊天

3.quiz  n.   问答比赛(游戏)

4.opera n.   歌剧

5.photographer  n.   摄影师

6.*paparazzi n.   对名人作猎奇报道的新闻记者

7.bomb n.   炸弹                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

8.AIDS n.        艾滋病

9.sex n.   性,性别 

10.host n.   主人;主办(国/城市/机构)

vt.   主办

11.self n.   自我,自身

12.bush n.   灌木,矮树

13.channel n.   (电视或电台)频道

14.sew vt.   缝,缝制_                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

15.beer n.        啤酒

16.corporation n.   公司

17.brand n.   商标,牌子

18.advertiser n.   广告人

19.budget n.   预算

20.citizen n.   市民;公民

21.niece n.   甥女,侄女                          

 

[第四屏听写] 

22.nephew n.       侄子,外甥

23.astronomer n.   天文学家

24.spokesman n.   发言人

25.sightseeing n.   观光,游览

26.*greengrocer n.   蔬菜水果商

27.fiction n.   小说,虚构的事

28.scene n.   场面,场景                          

1

[第五屏听写] 

29.trolleybus n.      无轨电车

30.southwest adv.   在西南方

31.fog n.  

32.ankle n.   脚踝

33.ambulance n.   救护车

34.strawberry n.   草莓

35.load n.   满满一车;很多;工作量                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

36.*ex­husband n.      前夫

37.district n.   区,行政区

38.editor n.   编辑;剪辑者

39.tobacco n.   烟草,烟叶

40.committee n.   委员会

41.agenda n.   议程

42.administration n.   管理,行政

43.publish vt.   出版,发行                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

44.self­employed adj.    自己经营的

45.defend vt.   保卫;为……辩解

46.hire vt.   租用;雇用

47.concept n.   概念;观念

48.the International Olympic Committee/IOC

  国际奥林匹克委员会

49.explode vt. 爆炸

50.onto prep.   到(在)_……上

51.pub n.   小酒馆,酒吧                          

 

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第八屏听写] 

1.*current adj.       当前的,现在的

2.affair n.   事情,事件

3.nation n.   国家,民族

4.political adj.   政治的

5.widespread adj. 广泛的

6.*poverty_ n.   贫困,穷困

7.electricity n.  

8.reform_ n.   改革,改良                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

9.demand_ vt.        要求,请求

10.debt_ n.   债务,欠款

11.belief_ n.   信仰;信心;信任

12.painful_ adj.   令人痛苦的,引起疼痛的

13.announce_ vt.   宣布,宣告 

14.distinction n.   特质;殊荣;区别

15.application n.   应用;申请(书)

16.delighted adj.   高兴的,愉快的                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

17.stand_for         代表;支持

19.incident n.   事件,事情

20.evidence n.   证据,证明  

21.explanation n.   解释,说明

22.analyze vt.   分析 

23.arise vi.   发生,出现

24.blame vt.   责怪,归咎于                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

25.willing adj.       乐意的,自愿的

26.employ vt.   雇用

27.legal adj.   合法的,有法律有关的

28.attempt n. & vt.   试图,尝试

29.argument n.   争论,争吵;理由

30.process  n.   过程,进程

31.profit n.   利润,收益 

32.in_favour_of_   支持,赞同                          

 

[第十二屏听写] 

33.analysis n.        分析

34.encouragement n.   鼓励

35.attitude  n.   态度,看法

36.dislike vt.   不喜欢,厌恶

37.pretend vt.   假装

38.respect vt.   尊敬,尊重

39.disagreement n.   意见不一;分歧

40.advertise vt.   为……做广告,登广告                          

 

[第十三屏听写] 

41.classic adj.       传统的;经典的

42.suitable adj.   合适的

43.consist_of   由……构成

44.visually adv.   视觉地;外表上

45.boom n.   迅速增长

46.visual adj.   视觉的,视力的

47.stand_out   突出,显眼                          

[第十四屏听写] 

48.approach n.      方法,方式

49.humour n.   幽默

50.contemporary adj.   当代的

51.contribution n.   捐助,贡献

52.consideration n.   (作计划或决定时)必须考虑的事

53.bravery n.   勇敢

54.innocent adj.   天真无邪的,单纯的;无罪的                          

[第十五屏听写] 

55.conclude vt.      结束;作出结论

56.as_long_as   只要

57.muddy adj.   泥泞的,沾满泥的

58.ahead adj.   在前面

59.harmful_ adj.   有害的

60.faithfully adv.   忠实地,真诚地

61.unemployment n.   失业,失业率                          

[第十六屏听写] 

62.interrupt vi. & vt.   打断(某人的讲话或动作);打扰

63.false adj.   错误的;不真诚的

64.environmental adj.   自然环境的

65.protection n.   保护,防卫

66.favour n.   赞同;恩惠

67.*advertising n.   广告活动;广告业

68.go_ahead_with   开始做;着手干                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.sightseeing n.    观光,游览

2.scene n.  场面,场景

3.load n.  很多;工作量

4.agenda n.  议程

5.publish vt.  出版,发行

6.self­employed adj. 自己经营的

7.hire vt.  租用;雇用

8.chat n.  闲谈,聊天

9.channel n.  (电视或电台的)频道

10.corporation n.  公司

11.brand n.   商标,牌子

12.budget n.  预算

13.citizen n.  市民;公民

14.astronomer n.  天文学家

15.spokesman n.  发言人

表达单词 1.legal adj.合法的,与法律有关的

2.distinction n.  特质;特点;区别

3.consideration n.  必须考虑的事

4.protection n.  保护,防卫

5.harmful_ adj.  有害的

6.blame vt.  责怪,归咎于

7.approach n.  方法,方式

8.attempt n. &vt.  试图,尝试

9.demand_ vt.  要求,请求

10.current adj.  当前的,现在的

11.affair n.  事情,事件

12.widespread adj.  广泛的

13.debt_ n.  债务,欠款

14.incident n.  事件,事情

15.arise vi.  发生,出现

16.process n.  过程,进程

17.profit n.  利润,收益 

18.attitude n.  态度,看法

19.contemporary adj.  当代的

20.ahead adv.  在前面

21.false adj.  不真诚的;错误的 [语境活用]

1.If there is any demand (要求), I will be very happy to help.

2.He was as proud as a peacock when he passed his driving test at the first attempt (试图,尝试).

3.Students should understand the approach (方法) to communicating with others.

4.Poor students' behavior seems to be an increasingly widespread problem and I think modern lifestyles are to blame (责备).

5.In contemporary culture, physical expressions of anger are considered too socially harmful (有害的) to be tolerated.

6.In the last few years, China has made great achievements in environmental protection (保护).

7.I do hope you can take my suggestion into consideration (考虑) and make a final decision. 

8.It was once common to regard Britain as a society with class distinction (区别). Each class had unique characteristics.

9.Students are placed into classes according to their_current (当前的) language skills.

10.They steal from people's bank accounts, download sensitive information and attack legal (合法的) websites.

拓展单词 1.respect vt.& n.尊敬,尊重→respected adj.受人敬重的→respectable adj.值得敬重的→respectful adj.恭敬的,表示尊敬的

2.delighted adj.高兴的,愉快的→delight vt.使愉快 n.快乐,高兴→delightful adj.令人高兴的

3.application n.申请(书);应用→applicant n.申请人→apply vi.申请

4.employ vt.雇用→employment n.雇用→unemployment n.失业→employer n.雇主→employee n.雇员

5.argument n.争论;理由→argue vi.争吵

6.analysis n.分析→analyse vt.分析

7.encouragement n.鼓励→encourage vt.鼓励

8.defend vt.保卫,防御;为……辩解→defence n.保卫;防卫

9.advertiser n.广告人→advertise vt.为……做广告,登广告→advertisement n.广告

10.contribution n.贡献,捐助→contribute vt.贡献→contributor n.贡献者,捐献者

11.innocent adj.天真无邪的,单纯的;无罪的→innocence n.清白,无罪 [语境活用]

1.Teachers are respectable in our country. Students respect their teachers and listen to them in school in respectful ways.(respect)

2.He takes great delight in proving others wrong.When he did it, he felt delighted. But I don't think what he does is delightful.(delight)

3.The advertiser was determined to advertise the newly­designed car on the advertisement page of Hefei Evening.(advertise)

4.The employers were discussing the topic how more employees could be employed facing the high rate of unemployment.(employ)

5.They contributed a lot of food and clothing to the refugees (难民) and their contributions will certainly help the refugees live through the winter.(contribute)

6.Thanks to your encouragement,_I made continuous and encouraging progress in math, and finally decided to study it in the university.(encourage)

7.The man insisted that he was innocent and that he was as straight as an arrow. Anyone who doubted his innocence was wrong.(innocence)

8.Jim is in an argument with his landlord downstairs, who argues that she didn't steal his money.(argue)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.stand_for  代表;支持;容忍

2.in_favour_of  赞同,支持

3.consist_of  由……组成

4.stand_out  突出,显眼

5.as_long_as  只要

6.be_made_up_of  由……组成

7.be_used_to  习惯于

8.be_linked_with/to  与……相关联

9.comment_on  发表意见

10.owe_..._to_...   把……归功于……

11.go_ahead_with  着手做;开始做

12.participate_in  参与,参加

13.help_out  帮忙做事;摆脱困境

14.in_detail  详细地

15.come_down_to  结果是

16.look_forward_to  盼望,希望 1.I won't_stand_for being treated like a child because I am a grown­up.

2.Most people are familiar with the idea that all matters consist_of_ atoms.

3.The social survey probably explains why public opinion is broadly_in_favour_of_ the ban.

4.You must study the contract in_detail_ before you sign it.

5.We encourage all students to_participate fully in the college's varieties of activities.

6.Please_go_ahead_with your story; there won't be any more interruptions.

7.We are looking_forward_to holding a party to celebrate New Year's Eve.

8.I believe that dress will make you stand_out in a crowd.

9.She_has_been_used_to_standing for long hours a day since she worked as a shop assistant.

10.Would you care to comment_on any troublesome students in your class?

11.As_long_as you work hard, you'll succeed in time.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.AIDS is another problem of great concern so sex education and health care administration are extremely important.

艾滋病是另一个深受关注的问题,所以性教育和保健管理非常重要。 “of+抽象名词”相当于其对应的形容词。 (2014·江西高考满分作文)在我看来,我们学生养成良好的学习习惯是非常重要的。

In my opinion, developing a good learning habit is of_great_importance for us students.

2.It is likely to be just the name of a company, part of which may be a general location.

它很可能仅仅是一家公司的名称,其中可能含有公司的大概位置。 be likely to do ...“可能会做……”。 新生现在已经意识到他们很可能负债离开学校。

New students are now aware that they are_likely_to_leave university in debt.

3.However, not all advertising is about selling products and services for a profit.

然而,并非所有的广告都是为谋求利润而推销产品和提供服务的。 not all表示部分否定。 尽管网购已经改变了我们的生活,但并非它的所有影响都是积极的。

While online shopping has changed our life, not_all_of its effects have been positive.

4.According to a research published by Leeds University yesterday, people don't mind bad language on television as long as it is not used in programmes watched by children.

据利兹大学昨天发表的一项研究称,电视中的不良语言,只要不用在儿童节目中,人们并不介意。 as long as“只要”,引导条件状语从句。 个人认为,只要你能够控制你自己,合理地使用手机,你可以带手机。

Personally, _as_long_as you can control yourself and use mobile phone properly, you can take it.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.fisherman n.    渔夫

2.flight n.  航班

3.fall over  摔倒

4.feel free to do sth.  随意做某事

5.feel good about oneself  自我感觉良好

6.fight over  与……争吵 1.catch_the_early_train  赶上早班车

2.stay away from the junk food远离垃圾食品

3.make a difference to  对……产生影响

4.make no difference to  对……没有影响

5.have a stomachache   胃疼

6.stay healthy  保持健康 1.have a yard sale举行庭院拍卖会

2.board game  棋类游戏

3.the tea art performance

  茶艺表演

4.on sale   出售;上市

5.for sale  代售;供出售

6.no way  没门;不行

 

 

一、过重点单词——

1.demand vt.要求,请求;需要 n.要求;需求(量),需要

[教材原句] Reforms have been demanded by people from all over the world.

全世界的人们都要求变革。

(1)demand to do sth.       要求做某事

demand sth.of/from sb.   向某人要某物

demand that ... (should) do sth.   要求……做某事

(2)meet/satisfy one's demands   满足某人的要求

in demand   非常需要的;受欢迎的

(3)demanding adj.   要求高的,要求严格的

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①My father came downstairs and demanded to_know (know) what was going on.

②The UN has demanded that all troops_(should)_be_withdrawn (withdraw).

③He demanded an immediate answer of/from_you.

④A lot of goods are_in_demand before Christmas.

⑤Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant (移民) population by demanding (demand) language skills in exchange for work permits.

完成句子

⑥The key to solving the problem is to_meet/satisfy_the_demand made by the customers.

解决问题的关键是满足顾客提出的要求。

一句多译

这位老师要求学生们准时到校。

⑦The_teacher_demanded_that_the_students_(should)_go_to_school_on_time.(demand that)

⑧The_students_were_demanded_to_go_to_school_on_time_by_the_teacher.(demand to do sth.)

[名师指津] demand后不接不定式作宾语补足语,即不能说demand sb.to do sth.。

2.blame vt.责怪,归咎于 n.过失,责备

[教材原句] The media is often blamed for encouraging the paparazzi.

由于鼓励狗仔队的行为,媒体经常被谴责。

(1)blame sb.for (doing) sth.  因(做了)某事而责备某人

blame sth.on ...   把某事归咎于……

be to blame (for ...)   应(为……)承担责任;该(为……)受责备

(2)take the blame for sth.   对某事负责任

put/lay the blame for sth.on sb.   把某事的责任推到某人身上

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①They blamed him for the accident happening the other day.

②You should take the blame for what you have done.

③The police blamed the traffic accident on_Tom's careless driving.

④To be honest, it was Su's fault, but Li was also to_blame (blame).

一句多译

他把考试失败归咎于老师。

⑤He_blamed_the_failure_of_his_exam_on_the_teacher.

(blame sth.on)

⑥He_blamed_the_teacher_for_the_failure_of_his_exam.

(blame sb.for)

⑦He_put/laid_the_blame_for_the_failure_of_his_exam_on_the_teacher.(blame n.)

3.employ vt.雇用;聘请;使忙于;使从事于

[高考佳句] It's standard practice for a company like this one to employ a security officer.(2014·山东高考)

对于像这样的一家公司而言,雇用一名保安是常规做法。

(1)employ sb.

employ sth.to do sth.       利用某物做某事

(2)   从事于/忙于(做)某事

be employed to do sth.     受雇做某事

(3)employer n.         雇主

employee n.   雇员

employment n.   职业,工作;使用

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①He has been employed in writing a new book these days.

②For the past ten years I have been employed as an English teacher in this middle school.

③Graduates are finding it more and more difficult to find an employment (employ).

句型转换/完成句子

④She has been employed in making preparations for the coming final exam all morning.

→She has employed herself in making preparations for the coming final exam all morning.

⑤A number of people have_been_employed_to_deal_with the backlog of work.

已雇来一些人处理积压的工作。

4.attempt vt.& n.尝试,试图

[教材原句] But sometimes, the paparazzi go too far in their attempt to get the best photographs.

但是有的时候,狗仔队为了获得最有卖点的照片做得很过分。

(1)attempt to do sth.=try to do sth.=seek to do sth.    试图做某事,努力做某事

(2)in an attempt to do sth.   为了做某事

make an attempt to do/at doing sth.  企图做某事

at the first attempt   第一次尝试

(3)attempted adj.   企图的,未遂的

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The boys made an attempt to_leave (leave) for camping but were stopped by their parents.

②Not many people can answer this question at the first attempt.

完成句子

③She has been charged with the_attempted_murder_of_her_husband.

她曾被指控意图谋杀丈夫。

④For years researchers have_attempted_to_show that television is dangerous to children.

多年来,研究人员试图证明电视对儿童有害。

一句多译

我试图说服他,但是是徒劳的。

⑤I_have_attempted_to_convince_him,_but_in_vain.

⑥I_have_made_an_attempt_to_convince_him/at_convincing_him,_but_in_vain.

5.pretend vt.假装;装作

[教材原句] Pretending to be a repair man to get into the house of a film star and take pictures of her daily life.

装扮成一个维修工人进入一个电影明星的家并偷拍她的日常生活照。

pretend that ...        假装……

pretend

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①I don't pretend to_know (know) as much as he does about it.

②He pretended to_be_reading (read) an important paper when the boss entered.

③He pretended to_have_known (know) the answer to the problem already.

句型转换/完成句子

④She pretended that she was not at home when we rang the bell.

→She pretended not to be at home_when we rang the bell.

⑤The book doesn't_pretend_to_be a great work of literature.

这本书并未自封为文学杰作。

6.respect vt.尊敬;尊重;敬意n.细节;方面;敬意;问候

[经典例句] She said she wanted to leave, and her father respected her wishes.(朗文P2145)

她说她想离开,她父亲尊重她的意愿。

(1)respect sb. for sth.     因某事而尊重某人

(2)have/show respect for sb.   尊重某人

give/send one's respects to sb.   向某人表达问候

out of respect for ... 出于对……的尊敬;顾及

with respect   受到尊重地

(3)in all/many respects   在各个方面/在许多方面

in respect of=with respect to   关于;就……而言

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①In addition, you should show respect for all the teachers who unselfishly help you to gain much knowledge.

②With_respect to your other suggestions, I am not yet able to tell you our decision.

③Chinese children grow up with warnings not to waste a single grain of rice, out of respect for farmers' labor.

完成句子

④Dawn never gives up, and I_respect_him_for_that.

Dawn从不放弃,我钦佩的就是他这一点。

⑤Everyone has a right to be treated_with_respect.

每一个人都有权利受到尊重地对待。

7.approach n.接近,逼近,走近;方法,方式;途径,通路 vt.& vi.接近;靠近;接洽;要求;着手处理

[教材原句] For many of today's advertisers, repeating old ideas is not a successful approach.

对于当今的许多广告设计者来说,重复旧的理念已不是一种成功的办法。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中approach的含义

①A tourist approached us and asked us the way to the post office.接近,走近

②We have been approached by a number of companies that are interested in our product.接洽

③The teacher has decided to adopt a new approach to teaching English.方法,方式

④Soldiers are guiding the approaches to the city in search of a criminal.通道

[系统考点]

(1)the approach of ...  ……的来临;……的临近

the approach to (doing) sth.   (做)某事的方法;去某处的通道

make an approach to sth./sb.   对某事进行探讨/和某人打交道

(2)approach sb.about/for sth.   向某人要求某事

approach sb.about doing sth.   要求某人做某事

be approaching   快到了

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑤The job market has changed and our approach to finding (find) work must change as well.

⑥We have made approaches to them in the hope of establishing a business relationship.

⑦Did Mary approach you about lending her some money?

完成句子

⑧As_Valentine's_Day_is_approaching,_many shops in Beijing are selling Valentine's Day items to meet the needs of young lovers.

随着情人节的临近,北京许多商店出售情人节物品以满足年轻情侣的需求。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.When the group discussion is nearing its end, make sure of concluding it with_ some important points.

2.Our company is going on very well, employing (employ)hundreds of local women.

3.Before they fled the country, the enemy in vain attempted _to_destroy_ (destroy) all the factories.

4.She demands a reply of us to her application for her further stay here.

5.I have the greatest respect for my teachers.

6.At the meeting they discussed three different approaches  (approach) to the study of the English.

7.The children pretended to_be_reading (read) aloud when the teacher came in.

8.Mr Green stood up in defence of the 16­year­old boy, saying that he was not the one to_blame (blame).

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.They are said to have developed a new approach for teaching which is bound to improve classroom teaching greatly.for→to

2.The manager demanded that the workers worked extra hours to finish the task in advance.worked→work

3.Blaming for the breakdown of the school computer network,he was in low spirits.Blaming→Blamed

4.Employing in gardening and voluntary work, Mrs Black leads a busy and rich life at her old age.Employing→Employed

5.He didn't want to go to school, pretended to be ill.pretended→pretending

6.He climbed to the top of the mountain in the first attempt.in→at

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.After graduation, she found_an_employment_in  a local finance company.

毕业之后,她在一家当地的金融公司找到了一份工作。

2.The couple had set aside other feelings in_an_attempt_to_ hold the family together.

这对夫妻把别的感情都放在一边,设法维持住这个家庭。

3.We were ready to take_the_blame_for what had happened.

我们愿意为所发生的事情负责。

4.We have_made_approaches_to them with a view to establishing a business relationship.

我们已经设法接近他们,希望建立业务关系。

5.The boy_pretended_to_be_sleeping when his mother entered the room.

当妈妈走进房间的时候,那个男孩假装正在睡觉。

二、过短语、句式——

1.in favour of支持,赞同

[教材原句] Since then, the law and the public opinion have been less in favour of the paparazzi and their jobs.

从那时起,法律和公众舆论就不怎么支持狗仔队以及他们的工作了。

in favour with           受……支持/喜爱

in one's favour   有利于某人

do sb.a favour=do a favour for sb.   帮某人忙

ask a favour of sb.   请某人帮个忙

owe sb.a favour   欠某人一份情

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①There were 247 votes in favour of the plan and 152 against.

②She was not in favour with the media just now.

③It was a turning point, a sign that things are starting to go in our (we) favour.

完成句子

④Mary asked_a_favour_of_me,_but I was too busy to help her.

玛丽请我帮个忙,但是我太忙以至于不能帮她。

⑤Could you do_me_a_favour/do_a_favour_for_me and pick up my son from school today?

今天你能帮我个忙到学校接我的儿子吗?

2.consist of由……组成;由……构成

[教材原句] Some advertisements consist of pictures or the words of experts to show people how good the products are.

一些广告中含有一些图片或专家说的话,以便向人们展示该产品多么好。

(1)be composed of=be made up of  由……组成

(2)consist in=lie in   在于

consist with   一致;符合

(3)consistent adj.   一致的;持续的

be consistent with   与……一致

[题点全练] 完成句子

①The beauty of this picture consists_in its balance of colors.

这幅画的美在于它的色调均匀。

②The information consists_with/is_consistent_with what is said in the newspaper.

信息与报纸中的说法一致。

③The company that consists_of/is_made_up_of/is_composed_of 15 small factories is facing a serious financial crisis.

这家由15家小工厂组成的公司正面临着严重的财政危机。

3.stand out突出,显眼

[教材原句] Modern advertisements must stand out in a world full of competition by combining the highest standards of design with ideas linked to the products to make them more attractive.

现代的广告要在充满竞争的世界里脱颖而出必须通过最高水平的设计加上更具吸引力的产品理念。

[归纳拓展]

①stand out  from/among ...  在……中突出/杰出

②stand for   代表

③stand by   袖手旁观;无动于衷;支持

④stand up for sb./sth.   支持,拥护

⑤stand on one's own feet   自立

[应用领悟]

①We must stand up for our rights.

我们必须维护自己的权利。

②The letters stand out well against the dark background.

这些映着黑色的背景字母很显眼。

③In mathematics, the letter X stands for an unknown number.

在数学中,字母X代表未知数。

4.“of+n.”结构

AIDS is another problem of_great_concern so sex education and health care administration are extremely important.

艾滋病是另一个深受关注的问题,所以性教育和保健管理非常重要。

 

(1)of (+great, no, little, some, much)+抽象名词(value, importance, use, help, interest, significance, benefit, necessity等),这类名词一般可转化为其相应的形容词形式。

(2)of (+different, the same, similar)+分类名词(kind, type, sort, shape, size, colour, length, depth, width, weight, height, age, date等)

(3)of (+good, bad, nice, fine, serious, high等)+性质名词(quality, character, characteristics, feature等)

①Doing morning exercises is of help to your health.

=Doing morning exercises is helpful to your health.

做早操对你的健康有帮助。

②My desk is of_the_same_shape as yours.

我的课桌和你的是同样的形状。

③France grape wine is of_high_quality and is sold all over the world.

法国的葡萄酒质量很好,畅销全世界。

5.部分否定

However, not_all advertising is about selling products and services for a profit.

然而,并非所有的广告都是为谋求利润而推销产品和提供服务的。

 

(1)不定代词all, both, each, every, everybody, everyone, everything;形容词complete, entire, whole;副词completely, entirely, wholly, altogether等和否定词not连用,构成部分否定,表示“不都,并非都……”。

(2)不定代词none, nobody, nothing, no one, neither;副词(词组)no, never, nowhere, no more, no longer等表示否定意义的词与肯定式谓语连用,构成全部否定。

①All these books are not popular with people.

=Not_all these books are popular with people.

这些书并非全都受人们的欢迎。

②Both of his parents are_not teachers.

他的父母并不都是老师。

③They came to the conclusion that not_all_things can be done by computers.

他们得出结论,并不是所有的事情电脑都能做。

④Nothing can change her mind.

没有任何东西能让她改变主意。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.He is the kind of person who stands out in the crowd.

2.My sister was against my plan while my brother was in favour of it.

3.The medical team consisting (consist) of 5 doctors and 10 nurses is going to Africa next week.

4.He explained his job experience and educational background in detail.

5.This relic is of great value (valuable) to the study of history.

6.After the rain stopped, the men went ahead with their work of road construction.

7.We finally talked Mary into participating in our discussion about Chinese Dream.

Ⅱ.翻译句子

1.人们喜欢购买高质量的产品。(be of high quality)

People_like_buying_products_which_are_of_high_quality.

2.他再次说,并非所有新锁都被证明是可靠的。(部分否定)

He_says_that_once_again_not_all_new_locks_have_been_proved_reliable.

3.无论你多么地聪明、健谈,有时候最好还是保持沉默。

(no matter+疑问词)

No_matter_how_bright_a_talker_you_are,_there_are_times_when_it's_better_to_remain_silent.

4.今晚很可能会下一场大雪。(be likely to)

A_heavy_snow_is_likely_to_fall_this_night.

Ⅲ.句型转换/一句多译

1.He is likely to attend the meeting.

→It is likely that he will attend the meeting.

2.All the people present didn't agree with you.

→Not all the people_present agreed with you.

3.The economic of national growth are the greatest important to all modern government.

→The economic of national growth are of the greatest importance to all modern government.

4.这个俱乐部由八名成员组成。

①This_club_consists_of_eight_members.(consist of)

②This_club_is_made_up_of_eight_members.(be made up of)

③This_club_is_composed_of_eight_members.(be composed of)

三、过语法、写作——

 

 

(一)单元小语法

  ——动名词;被动语态

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Ignoring_(ignore) the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make.

2.His arm was not in a sling, and showed no sign of_having_been_damaged (damage).

3.The thief was caught stealing money from the shop opposite the school and is_being_questioned (question) by the local police at the moment.

4.The film star wears sunglasses.Therefore, he can go shopping without being_recognized_(recognize).

5.It would be the most unwise to risk_going_ (go) down in that way.

6.In the last few years, a few more museums have_been_opened (open) in our cities. 

7.One learns a language by making (make) mistakes and correcting_ (correct) them.

8.We would appreciate_being_informed_ (inform) about the matter promptly.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.He was seen run into the classroom by us.run前加to

2.It is no use wait for him any longer.wait→waiting

3.When you get the paper back, pay special attention to what have marked.marked前加been

4.Would you mind rang me up tomorrow?rang→ringing

5.They broke in loud cheers on hear the news.hear→hearing

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Teaching_English_in_a_middle_school is my full­time job.

在中学教英语是我的专职工作。

2.I_can't_help_laughing_every time I think of that.

每次想起那件事,我就会忍不住笑起来。

3.Your pronunciation and spelling should_be_paid_attention_to.

你应该注意发音和拼写。

4.She was pleased that the teacher wasn't angry with her for_having_been_so_careless.

她很高兴老师没有因为她的粗心而生气。

5.The_problem_is_going_to_be_discussed at tomorrow's meeting.

这个问题将在明天的会上进行讨论。

 

(二)课堂微写作

  练缩写——让语言更凝练

 

[题目要求]

校园“网络课堂”方案是学习上的好帮手,同学们可以通过校园网互相学习,解决学习上遇到的困难。请你把下面的文章缩写成60词左右。

注意:保留关键词,关键词在文中加黑。

[缩写提示]

The “network class” plan helps us a lot. Firstly, it enables us to communicate with each other. We can form several groups, through which we are able to share some good learning materials. Then, we can also post some of the difficulties that we meet in our studies on the school forum. It helps us to have a discussion about our study. As a result, our grades improve. Last but not least, we can regularly have some activities to share our good learning experience. We all appreciate this “network class” plan.

[答案示例]

The “network class” plan helps us a lot. Firstly, it enables us to communicate with each other and share some good learning materials. Then, we can also post some of the difficulties on the school forum. Last but not least, we can regularly have some activities to share our good learning experience. We all appreciate this “network class” plan.

 

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Come to meet our stars! The world­famous Ringling Bros. Circus is building up the excitement one hour before the show begins. At the All Access Pre­Show children of all ages are invited to join our performers on the show floor. It's your chance to be right in the middle of the circus action. You can learn circus skills and get signatures from extraordinary circus stars, try on a traditional ringmaster jacket and be part of our dance party!

Gypsy Gomes comes from Argentina where she was taught her circus skills as a child. She will leave your head spinning as she controls up to 80 hula hoops (呼啦圈) while balancing on a huge mirror ball. Having many hoops thrown in her direction all at once is just one of her many talents.

Emily Ryan gives thrilling performances in her German Wheel. Her beauty and courage go hand in hand with her broad talents and tricks.

With the most elegant touch, Emma Avery bravely steps out into thin air on a silver thread of wire, showing her skills not only of balance but of beautifully performed talents.

The sixth generation Swiss circus artist, Rosita Gasser performs a unique and very modern display on the Roman Rings with skill, balance and style. Her strength and control during the performance has come from being a single, double flying trapeze (空中飞人) from the young age of eight and a lifetime in the circus.

To take advantage of this once­in­a­lifetime experience, just visit ringlingbros. expapp. com from your iPhone or Android smartphone, provide your name, email and phone number to see the exciting experiences that are waiting for you!

语篇解读:本文是一篇马戏团的演出广告,介绍了该团中著名表演者的表演项目和演出特色,最后给出了订票方式。

21.What can a child do at the All Access Pre­Show?

A.Record the performance.

B.Swap signatures with the circus stars.

C.Try on a traditional ringmaster jacket.

D.Take some photos with the circus stars.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句中的“try on a traditional ringmaster jacket and be part of our dance party”可知,观众可以试穿马戏团表演指挥的夹克,故C项正确。

22.Where did Gypsy pick up her circus skills?

A.In Argentina.       B.In Germany.

C.In Switzerland.  D.In Rome.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第二段的第一句“Gypsy Gomes comes from Argentina where she was taught her circus skills as a child”可知,Gypsy Gomes小时候在Argentina学习了马戏表演技能,故A项正确。

23.Who was born in a circus family?

A.Gypsy Gomes.  B.Emily Ryan.

C.Emma Avery.  D.Rosita Gasser.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第五段的第一句“The sixth generation Swiss circus artist, Rosita Gasser performs a unique and very modern display on the Roman Rings with skill, balance and style”可知,Rosita Gasser是瑞士马戏艺术世家的第六代传人,故D项正确。

24.What is the main purpose of writing this text?

A.To attract people to the circus show.

B.To invite children to the dance party.

C.To inform readers of ways to register.

D.To introduce readers some circus stars.

解析:选A 写作目的题。根据第一段的第一句“Come to meet our stars”和最后一段并结合文章内容可知,本文是一篇马戏团的演出广告,介绍了该团中著名表演者的表演项目和演出特色,并给出了订票方式。据此可以判断,本文旨在吸引人们去观看马戏表演,故A项正确。

B

Two weeks ago, a 7­year­old girl, Chloe Bridgewater wrote a letter to Google, expressing her interest in working for the tech company when she gets older. “Dear Google boss, my name is Chloe and when I am bigger I would like a job with Google,” she wrote. “I also want to work in a chocolate factory and do swimming in the Olympics.” The student said she liked computers and had a tablet she played games on. She even showed off a robot game that her dad gave her.

It wasn't long before Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google, replied with his own letter on Google website. In a letter dated Feb. 3, Pichai wrote, “Dear Chloe, I'm glad that you like computers and robots, and hope that you will continue to learn about technology. I think if you keep working hard and follow your dreams, you can accomplish everything you set your mind to. I look forward to receiving your job application when you are finished with school!”

Her father, Andy Bridgewater told ABC News he was completely shocked that his daughter received a reply. But he wasn't surprised that she decided to write the letter in the first place. “She's got determination. She doesn't see the barriers that we face every day,” he explained. “If she wants to do it, she will set out to do it and nothing will stop her.”

The father remarked that his daughter began jumping up and down after receiving the letter. Still, he's not in a rush to send his eldest daughter off to work. “Now, my daughter is confident, although she hasn't yet fully understood that it will take more efforts than finishing her study to make it with Google,” he said.

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。七岁女孩Chloe Bridgewater给谷歌CEO Sundar Pichai写信,没想到却收到了Sundar的回信。

25.Chloe's letter to Pichai shows us that she ________.

A.expects to be one of the Google members

B.has a talent for making robots

C.makes up her mind to study hard

D.buries herself in computer games

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句中的“when I am bigger I would like a job with Google”可知,她写信给谷歌CEO是希望长大后能在谷歌工作,故A项正确。

26.We can know from the text that ________.

A.the girl wrote the letter to Pichai on February 3

B.there are two children in Bridgewater's family

C.Andy didn't expect a reply from Pichai at all

D.Google is sure to hire Chloe after her graduation

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据第三段的第一句“Her father, Andy Bridgewater told ABC News he was completely shocked that his daughter received a reply”可知,Andy对于他的女儿能收到回信很惊讶,据此可推知,Andy根本没有指望会收到谷歌CEO的回信,故C项正确。

27.What is the main idea of the text?

A.A 7­year­old girl gets a job with Google.

B.CEO of Google responds to a girl's letter.

C.A father forbids his girl to work for Google.

D.Google decides to employ its youngest clerk.

解析:选B 主旨大意题。本文主要讲述七岁女孩Chloe Bridgewater给谷歌CEO写信,希望长大后在谷歌公司工作,没想到谷歌CEO给她回了信,鼓励她努力学习,实现梦想。故选B项。

C

Illegally traded endangered species that escape, forming secondary populations, offer hope to their long­term survival, a study suggests. “This first came to my attention when I read a news story about the seizure of an illegalshipment of 23 yellow­crested cockatoos,” said Luke Gibson, a college teacher. He learned that the species was critically endangered, which surprised him.

This encouraged Dr. Gibson and his colleague to investigate (调查) how a critically endangered species had become self­sustaining outside of its natural range. They discovered 49 cases of a globally threatened species becoming established as a separate population, including the yellow­crested cockatoo in their city.

“This is a species which is primarily threatened by wildlife trade,” he told BBC News. “Poachers (偷猎者) go out into the forest in its native range in eastern Indonesia and capture the birds and then ship them off, usually up to our city where there is a strong demand for pet birds. This is what has fueled the decline of this species in its native range. But it's really interesting because that same cause also had another effect: some of the people who were keeping this species here accidentally or intentionally released them.” As a result of enough of the birds being set free, it allowed a new self­sustaining population to be established in this city.

The government of Dr. Gibson's city has made it illegal to capture the species, even though it is a non­native species. Because the city is affluent and relatively well educated, the cases of people breaking the law are extremely rare, explained Dr. Gibson. Unlike in its native range in Indonesia where capturing birds forms a major source of income.

However, there can be downsides (缺点) to the newly established population of endangered species, such as a limited genetic pool, and suffering from novel diseases. It did also present a possible “very interesting” opportunity for conservationists, Dr. Gibson suggested. This would involve “harvesting” some of the newly established secondary population, which may provide a way to help slow global biodiversity loss.

语篇解读:本文为新闻报道,涉及野生动物保护话题。濒临灭绝的小葵花凤头鹦鹉遭非法交易,但幸运地被饲养这一物种的一些人释放,因此得以生存繁衍,形成次生种群,这也为自然环境保护主义者提供了一种缓解生物多样性丧失的途径。

28.What was beyond Gibson's expectations according to the first paragraph?

A.The high rate of wildlife trade.

B.The preciousness of the birds.

C.The fact that the birds nearly disappear.

D.The news that the birds were poached.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“He learned that the species was critically endangered, which surprised him”可知,Gibson博士因获知小葵花凤头鹦鹉是严重濒危物种而感到惊讶。

29.What happened unexpectedly when the birds were shipped abroad?

A.They formed a separate population.

B.They were kept as pet birds.

C.They were traded illegally.

D.They were killed for research.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“But it's really interesting because that same cause also had another effect: some of the people who were keeping this species here accidentally or intentionally released them ... a new self­sustaining ...”可知,这些海运过来的鹦鹉被一些养鸟人释放了,最终使得它们形成一个新的自给自足的独立的群体,故选A。

30.Which can replace the underlined word “affluent”in Para. 4?

A.Peace­loving.  B.Rich.

C.Free.  D.Environment­friendly.

解析:选B 词义猜测题。根据画线词后的“and relatively well educated, the cases of people breaking the law are extremely rare”及“Unlike in its native range in Indonesia where capturing birds forms a major source of income”可知,画线词意为“富裕的”。故选B。

31.For what purpose did the author write the passage?

A.To appeal to everyone to stop the wildlife trade.

B.To explain the challenge the wild birds are facing.

C.To introduce a creative approach to wildlife conservation.

D.To raise people's awareness of protecting endangered species.

解析:选C 写作意图题。根据文章内容尤其是第一段的“Illegally traded endangered species that escape, forming secondary populations, offer hope to their long­term survival, a study suggests”及最后一段的“It did also present a possible ‘very interesting’ opportunity for conservationists ... which may provide a way to help slow global biodiversity loss”可知,濒临灭绝的小葵花凤头鹦鹉由于社会环境的干预,形成了次生种群,而这可能会为保护野生动物提供一种创造性的方法。

D

(2018·湖南省十三校重点中学联考)“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”-Albert Einstein

If you have a kid with special needs in the school system, chances are you have come across that saying hanging on a classroom wall. My five­year­old daughter Syona has cerebral palsy (a medical condition affecting someone's control over their movement) and it means, combined with her communication challenges and sight problems, that standard assessments (and by “standard”, I mean the ones used to assess kids with special needs) aren't always an accurate measure of her abilities.

By now you have probably heard about Chris Ulmer, the 26­year­old teacher in Jacksonville, Florida, who starts his special education class by calling up each student individually to give them much admiration and a high­five (a gesture of greeting or congratulation). I couldn't help but be reminded of Syona's teacher and how she supports each kid in a very similar way. Ulmer recently shared a video of his teaching experience. “I have seen their confidence and self­worth increase rapidly, ” he said. All I could think was: How lucky these students are to have such inspirational teachers.

Syona's teacher has an attitude that can best be summarized in one word: awesome. Her teacher doesn't focus on what can't be done-she focuses on what can be done. Over the past several months, my husband Dilip and I have seen Syona's confidence increase tenfold. She uses words she wouldn't have thought of using before. She recently told me about her classmate's trip to Ecuador and was very proud when I understood her on the first try.

I actually wonder what the influence would be if we did something similar to what Ulmer does with his students in our home. We've recently started our day by reminding each other of the good qualities we all possess. If we are reminded of our strengths on a regular basis, we will become increasingly confident about progress and success.

Ulmer's reach as a teacher goes far beyond the walls of his classroom. In fact, he teaches all of us to take a moment and truly appreciate the strengths of an important person in our lives. 

语篇解读:作者介绍了自己有病的女儿在她的老师的教育下越来越好,再联想到自己,产生了一些人生感悟。

32.What does the author think of Einstein's quote?

A.Funny.  B.True.

C.Strange.  D.Confusing.

解析:选B 推理判断题 。通过作者对自己女儿的学习经历的描述可知,作者是认同这句名言的。

33.What can we learn about Chris Ulmer?

A.He praises his students one by one.

B.He is Syona's favorite teacher.

C.He use videos to teach his students.

D.He asks his students to help each other.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据文章第二段第一句话可知选项A正确。

34.Syona felt very pleased because________.

A.she has developed a cool attitude

B.her progress was appreciated by her parents

C.her mother knew what she expressed

D.she had been to Ecuador with her classmate

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第三段“She recently told me about her classmate's trip to Ecuador and was very proud when I understood her on the first try.”可知选项C正确。

35.What change has taken place in the author's family?

A.They invite Ulmer's students to their home.

B.They visit Ulmer's classroom regularly.

C.They feel grateful to people in their lives.

D.They give each other praise every day.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段“We've recently started our day by reminding each other of the good qualities we all possess.”可知选项D正确。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

How to Make a Chinese Hot Pot

Eating a Chinese hot pot is a very common experience. People gather around the pot, dipping their food, waiting for it to cook, mixing their own seasonings (调味品) and enjoying each other's company. __36__.

Firstly, prepare a large pot of soup. There is no right or wrong way to prepare a soup, so feel free to make your own. A simple soup can be made by boiling water with the addition of meat bones or fish heads and a mixture of herbs, seasonings and vegetables.

Then, cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices. __37__. Choose any food that you enjoy. Some common choices for a Chinese hot pot include thin pieces of beef, pork, lamb and so on. You can make your hot pot using the more traditional method of using the meats and seafood that are local to you. Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables. __38__. Mushrooms of all kinds are also common to Chinese hot pot preparations.

__39__. At home, a single hot pot would work well up to 8 people depending on the size of the pot. Make sure everyone is sitting in a circle and has easy access to everything on the table. Prepare a separate small dish for each guest to mix their seasonings. __40__!

A.Finally, arrange the seating reasonably

B.Now comes the turn to enjoy your hot pot

C.It will guarantee that the items will cook quickly and fully

D.Here are some easy steps to make a Chinese hot pot at home 

E.For more variety, consider dumplings, rice cakes and tangyuan

F.Popular choices include: cabbage, pea leaves, winter melon and tomato

G.It usually lasts a couple of hours because you are cooking and eating in small parts

 

36.解析:选D 根据该空位置并结合本文标题“How to Make a Chinese Hot Pot”可知,空处承上启下,引出下文对如何做火锅的叙述,故D项与此处匹配。

37.解析:选C 根据前一句中的“cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices”可知,要将各种肉和鱼切成薄片,据此可以判断,这样就能保证食物能很快煮熟,故C项正确。

38.解析:选F 根据前一句“Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables”可知,同时要选择、清洗并准备一些蔬菜,据此可以判断,空处列举常见的用于火锅的蔬菜,故F项正确。

39.解析:选A 根据空处所在位置可知,空处为该段主题句;根据第二、三段第一句中的“Firstly”、“Then”并结合该段内容可知,该段介绍做火锅的最后一步:合理安排好座位,故A项正确。

40.解析:选B 根据空处所在的位置并结合语境可知,在火锅的各种准备工作完毕后,就应该开始享受了,故B项正确。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·南昌调研)Whenever we're introduced to strangers, we make decisions about them according to our first impressions. For most Brits, simply asking someone how much they earn is __41__ as impolite behavior. However, it is __42__ that people admire those who show off their __43__.

This is a __44__ trend. I've felt the warm glow (喜悦) of knowing I earned __45__ than somebody, and the grey __46__ of knowing that I earned less than another.

It seems as though self­worth is increasingly being __47__ the careers we choose and the money we earn. We need to stop __48__ so much value on what people earn and what they do. Don't get me wrong — keeping ambitious is not a(n) __49__, and achievements should always be __50__ instead of being underestimated (低估). But when a person uses their success to judge you __51__, it becomes a problem.

We need to stop thinking that somebody is worth admiring if they're rich but __52__ other people's benefits on their way to success. We need to __53__ that being an honest and fair person is not a sign of weakness but a positive and __54__ personality.

Here's a(n) __55__ if you want to know what you're really worth: It has __56__ to do with your bank account. It's __57__ about how many times you've been there for your friends and how many times you've been kind to a __58__. It's every time you do something __59__ or treat someone with respect no matter __60__ they are in their own life.

语篇解读:本文是一篇议论文。作者在文中阐述的是自我价值源于内在的品质,与金钱无关。

41.A.considered       B.qualified

C.appointed  D.recommended

解析:选A 根据文化背景知识可知,此处表示对大多数英国人而言,直接开口询问某人的薪资被认为(considered)是不礼貌的行为。qualify“使具备资格”;appoint“任命”;recommend“推荐”。

42.A.tentative  B.common

C.reasonable  D.rare

解析:选B 联系上下文并根据句中的“However”可知,此处表示然而,人们羡慕那些炫耀自己财富(wealth)的人是很常见的(common)现象。tentative“不确定的”;reasonable“有道理的”。

43.A.talent  B.knowledge

C.wealth  D.reputation

解析:选C 参见上题解析。talent“天赋”;knowledge“知识”;reputation“名望” 。

44.A.puzzling  B.worrying

C.shocking  D.disappointing

解析:选B 根据第三段的“We need to stop thinking that somebody is worth admiring ...”可推知,作者对于人们有这样的价值观是表示担忧的。worrying“令人担忧的”,符合语境。puzzling“令人困惑的”;shocking“令人震惊的”;disappointing“令人失望的”。

45.A.more  B.less

C.further  D.faster

解析:选A 根据上文的“warm glow (喜悦)”和下文的“earned less than another”可知,此处表示作者了解到自己比别人赚得多时内心是喜悦的,而知道自己比别人赚得少时心里会感到悲伤(sadness)。空处与下文的“less”形成对比。

46.A.excitement  B.embarrassment

C.amazement  D.sadness

解析:选D 参见上题解析。空处与上文的“glow(喜悦)”形成对比。excitement“兴奋”;embarrassment“尴尬”;amazement“惊奇”。

47.A.tied to  B.adjusted to

C.admitted to  D.tailored to

解析:选A 自我价值似乎越来越多地和我们选择的职业及我们所赚的钱紧密相关。be tied to ... “与……紧密相关”,故选A。be tailored to“依据……定制”。

48.A.spending  B.placing

C.lessening  D.supporting

解析:选B 此处表示我们需要停止把人们所挣的(钱)和他们的工作看得如此重要。place/put value on ...“重视,认为……重要”。lessen“减轻”。

49.A.advantage  B.success

C.fault  D.failure

解析:选C 根据上下文语境,尤其是后文的“instead of being underestimated (低估)”可知,此处表示有抱负不是一个错误(fault),且成就不应该总是被低估而是应该被赞赏(appreciated)。advantage“优势”。

50.A.reported  B.doubted

C.declared  D.appreciated

解析:选D 参见上题解析。

51.A.occasionally  B.traditionally

C.partially  D.properly

解析:选C 根据语境可知,此处表示但是当一个人用其成功来片面地(partially)评价你时,它就成了一个问题。occasionally“偶尔”;traditionally“传统地”;properly“恰当地”。

52.A.sacrifice  B.value

C.preserve  D.limit

解析:选A 如果某人很富有但却在通往成功的路上牺牲(sacrifice)他人的利益,那么我们就不要再认为他值得钦佩了。value“重视”;preserve“维护”;limit“限制”。

53.A.indicate  B.realize

C.prove  D.caution

解析:选B 我们要意识到(realize)做一个正派的人不意味着懦弱,而是象征着一种乐观、坚强的(strong)品质。此处与上文的“stop thinking”相呼应。indicate“显示”;caution“告诫,警告”。

54.A.creative  B.elegant

C.primary  D.strong

解析:选D 参见上题解析。此处与positive并列,与weakness相对。creative“有创造性的”;elegant“优雅的”;primary“主要的”。

55.A.aim  B.tip

C.warning  D.example

解析:选B 如果你想知道你真正的价值所在,这儿有一条建议(tip):它与你的银行账户没有任何关系。

56.A.something  B.everything

C.anything  D.nothing

解析:选D 参见上题解析。have nothing to do with ...是固定短语,表示“与……无关”。所以用nothing。

57.A.just  B.even

C.also  D.still

解析:选A 上文提到“它与你的银行账户没有任何关系”,故此处指“它只是(just)跟……有关”。

58.A.relative  B.stranger

C.workmate  D.child

解析:选B 根据上文中的“how many times you've been there for your friends”可知,前面说到对朋友随叫随到,这里应该说对陌生人(stranger)友好。

59.A.surprising  B.important

C.selfless  D.necessary

解析:选C 此处承接上文,仍是在描述人的美好品质,故selfless“无私的”符合语境。

60.A.how  B.where

C.what  D.when

解析:选B 此处表示无论一个人在生活中处于何种阶段你都应该尊重他。no matter where在此引导让步状语从句。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Can knots (结) be a form of art?  It is in China. They have a long history and a   __61__   (culture) meaning even today.

A Chinese knot is   __62__   is woven  (编)  from a single length of rope to be a variety of shapes. Each shape has __63__  (it) own meaning, and Chinese knots are usually woven in the red color, which indicates good fortune.

Originally, people may have made them  __64__  (record) information and convey messages before they started to  write.It is known that they  __65__   (intend) for artistic decoration and to express thoughts and feelings in the Tang Dynasty.The Tang Empire was a large one that covered most of the  __66__  (region) of modern China, and succeeding generations carried on  __67__  traditional art form as part of their culture.

Now, some people use knots when they dress  __68__  traditional Chinese clothing. They are a means of   __69__ (fasten) traditional clothes instead of buttons.And silk is most  __70__  (wide) used to make these clothing knots.

 

61.cultural 考查词性转换。它们有悠久的历史,甚至今天也有文化意义。根据空前的“a”和空后的“meaning”可知,此处应用形容词作定语来修饰后面的名词。

62.what 考查表语从句。中国结是用一段绳子编成的东西,有各种各样的形状。分析句子结构可知,空处在此引导表语从句,且在从句中作主语,表示“……的东西”,故用what。

63.its 考查代词。每个形状都有它自己的意义。分析句子结构可知,此处应用形容词性物主代词,故填its。

64.to record 考查非谓语动词。起初,人们可能制作它们以记录信息和传递消息。这里是目的状语,应用动词不定式,故填to record。

65.were intended 考查时态和语态。众所周知,在唐朝,它们被用于艺术装饰,被用来表达想法和情感。此处描述的是唐朝的情况,应用一般过去时;又they(指中国结)与intend之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态。故填were intended。

66.regions 考查名词的数。唐朝疆域很大,覆盖着现在中国的大部分区域。根据空前的“most of”及region是可数名词可知,此处应用名词复数形式。

67.the 考查冠词。此处特指上文提到的中国结这种传统艺术形式,故填定冠词the。

68.in 考查介词。dress in ...“穿……衣服”,为固定搭配。

69.fastening 考查非谓语动词。它们是一种固定传统服装的方式。空处位于介词of之后,故应用动名词形式作宾语。

70.widely 考查词性转换。分析句子结构可知,空处修饰used,表示“广泛地,普遍地”,因此应用副词widely。

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Susan's family was terrible poor. One Christmas Eve, Susan's father saw that Susan had used piece of gold wrapping paper to decorate a shoe­box, where was so precious to their family, and she put it under the Christmas tree. The next morning, Susan takes the box to her dad and said, “This is for you, Dad!” But if he opened it, he found it was empty. “Why do you give me an empty boxes? Don't you know the gold wrapping paper is such expensive to us?” Her dad said angrily. Susan cried, said, “Dad, it isn't empty. I blew kisses into it until it was all full.” Hearing of this, the dad felt regretful, he held Susan in his arms but said, “Sorry, my dear, I love you!”

答案:第一句:terrible→terribly

第二句:piece前加a; where→which

第三句:takes→took

第四句:if→when

第五句:boxes→box; such→so

第六句:said前加and或said→saying

第七句:去掉of; but→and

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

(2018·日照模拟)

假如你是在英国学习的交换生李华,住在同学Peter家里。你上周网购的联想(Lenovo)笔记本电脑将于本周日到货,但你因陪同父母到伦敦游览不能按时返回取货,请你给Peter写一封电子邮件,让他帮忙代收并验货。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考范文:

Dear Peter,

I think I need your help. Last Friday I placed an order for a laptop on line, and it is estimated to arrive to your address this Sunday. But you know I'm out with my parents, and we are going for a trip to London this weekend. So I'm writing to let you know that it's not convenient for me to go back to receive the laptop at home. Can you do me the favor, please?

It's a Lenovo laptop made in China. Please give it a careful checkup and make sure the package is well preserved and the machine operates well. Don't hesitate to contact the seller if you find any damage. Thank you very much. 

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.The boss demanded that Mary (should)_finish (finish) the task within a week.

2.—Jeremy rather than his friends is to_blame (blame) for the accident.

—Absolutely. He shouldn't have driven after being drunk.

3.It is said that the wool produced in Australia is of high quality.

4.I concluded from his letter that he was suffering from a bad cold.

5.You should show greater respect_for_your elders and betters.

(二)单句改错 

1.Most people are familiar with the idea that all matters consist in atoms.in→of

2.All the approaches for the palace were guarded by troops.for→to

3.Frankly speaking, I am not in favour to your plan.to→of

4.It is believed that more than one person may be to blame on the mine accident.on→for

5.Red plums stand up against the white snow.up→out

(三)完成句子

1.As far as I am concerned, online­shopping is of_great_benefit to people.

就我而言,网购对人们有很大的好处。

2.Both_of_you_haven't passed the exam.

并非你们两个都通过了考试。

3.He made_an_attempt/attempted_to_pass the exam, but it was too difficult for him.

他试图通过考试,但那对他来说太困难了。

4.Many scientists are_employed_in_studies to develop new medicines.

许多科学家从事于新药品的研究。

5.Will you do_me_a_favour to translate these sentences into English?

你愿意帮我把这些句子翻译成英语吗?

淮南一对一英语辅导北师大版必修四Unit 11 The Media转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/2408.html

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