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淮南一对一辅导北师大版必修四Unit 10 Money

Unit 10 Money

 

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.technique n.        技术,技巧

2.percentage n.   百分比,百分率

3.*alien n.   外星人

adj.   外国的,异族的_

4.*Latin n.   拉丁语;拉丁系语言

5.*Roman n.   古罗马人

6.defeat vt.   战胜,击败

7.wallet n.   皮夹子,钱包

8.second­hand adj.   旧的,用过的,二手的                           

 

[第二屏听写] 

9.dormitory n.        寝室,宿舍

10.stove n.   炉子

11.drunk adj.   (酒)醉的

12.journalist n.   新闻工作者,记者

13.popcorn n.   爆玉米花

14.cigarette n.   香烟

15.armchair n.   扶手椅

16.carpet n.   地毯                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

17.vase n.          花瓶

18.cash n.   现金,现款

19.fax n.   传真

20.scarf n.   围巾,头巾,披巾

21.necklace n.   项链,项圈

22.firm adj.   坚定的;稳固的

23.groceries n.   食品杂货

24.clothing n.   衣服

25.salesgirl n.   女售货员                          

 

[第四屏听写] 

26.salesman n.        男售货员,男推销员

27.blouse n.   女衬衫

28.boot n.   长筒靴

29.leather n.   皮革

30.vest n.   内衣,汗背心

31.cookie n.   饼干,小点心

32.soil n.   泥土,土壤

33.*erosion n.   侵蚀;(土壤)流失

34.crop n.   农作物,庄稼                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

35.valley n.         谷,山谷

36.software n.   电脑软件

37.*laptop n.   笔记本电脑

38.mobile phone   移动电话

39.headphone n.   头戴式受话机,耳机

40.wire n.   金属丝,金属线

41.photography n.   摄影术,摄影

42.credit card   信用卡

43.flash n.   闪烁,闪光;闪光灯

44.customer n.   顾客                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

45.cleaner n.         清洁工人;清洁器

46.refrigerator n.   (电)冰箱

47.kettle n.   水壶

48.textbook n.   课本,教科书

49.disk n.   磁盘

50.billion n.   十亿

51.*obsess vt.   使着迷

52.*gadget n.   小巧的装置;小玩意儿

53.*incredibly adv.   难以置信地                          

1

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第八屏听写] 

1.motivate vt.        使有动机,促使,激发 

2.motivation n.   动力,诱因 

3.fluently_ adv.   流利地

4.achievement n.   完成,成就

5.put_off   推迟

6.exist vi.   存在,生存

7.at_present   目前,现在

8.variety_ n.   多样化,多样性                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

9.determine vt.        确定,决定 

10.enjoyable_ adj.   使人快乐的

11.concern vt.   使忧虑;与……相关

12.pleased adj.   高兴的,满意的

13.give_away   赠送;泄露(秘密)

14.aware adj.   知道的,意识到的

15.drop_out   退出,退学

16.greedy adj.   贪婪的,贪心的                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

17.*resolution n.      决心要做的事

18.bargain n. & vt.   便宜货;讨价还价

19.enthusiastic adj.   很感兴趣的,热情的

20.ashamed adj.   羞耻的,惭愧的

21.aggressive adj.   好斗的;有进取心的

22.annoy_ vt.   打搅,使烦恼

23.amusement n.   乐趣,娱乐活动                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

24.appeal_ vi.         吸引,引起兴趣;呼吁,恳求

25.approximately adv.   近似地,大约地

26.contain vt.   包含,含有

27.balance n.   平衡

28.remove vt.   移开,挪走

29.importance n.   重要(性)

30.behave vi.   举止,表现

31.advance vi.   取得进展;前进

32.practical_ adj.   实际的,实践的                          

 

[第十二屏听写] 

33.useless adj.        无用的,无效的

34.noisy adj.   嘈杂的,喧闹的

35.freedom n.   自由

36.automatic adj.   自动的

37.focus n.   调焦;焦点

38.*contact_ n. & vi.   接触,联系

39.truly_ adv.   准确地;真正地                          

[第十三屏听写] 

40.replace vt.         代替,取代

41.comment vi. & vt.   评论,评价

42.bow vi.   鞠躬;点头

43.passer­by n.   经过的人,过路人

44.*applause n.   鼓掌,喝彩

45.earn vt.   挣得,赚得

46.out_of_work   失业,下岗

47.hardworking adj.   勤奋的                          

 

[第十四屏听写] 

48.businessman n.       商人,实业家

49.rude adj.   粗鲁的,无礼的

50.*economy n.   经济

51.puzzle vt.   使困惑

52.homeland n.   祖国;家乡

53.motherland n.   祖国;家乡

54.signal n.   信号,暗号                          

 

[第十五屏听写] 

55.native adj.        出生地的,本土的

56.product n.   产品;出品

57.bath n.   洗澡;浴缸

58.electric adj.   与电有关的,用电的

59.*concerned adj.   担心的

60.*determined adj.   有决心的

61.*advanced adj.   高级的,先进的

62.*puzzled adj.   困惑的                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.technique n.   技术,技巧

2.dormitory n.  寝室,宿舍

3.armchair n.  扶手椅

4.carpet n.  地毯

5.necklace n.  项链,项圈

6.leather n.   皮革

7.drunk adj.  (酒)醉的 

8.soil n.  泥土,土壤

9.defeat vt.  战胜,击败

10.crop n.  农作物,庄稼

11.customer n.  顾客

12.cleaner n.  清洁工人;清洁器

13.refrigerator n.  (电)冰箱

14.textbook n.  课本,教科书

15.firm adj.  坚定的;稳固的

表达单词 1.greedy adj.  贪婪的,贪心的

2.bargain vi.&n.  讨价还价;便宜货

3.comment vi.&vt.  评论

4.remove_ vt.  移开,挪走

5.replace vt.  代替,取代

6.balance n.  平衡

7.enjoyable adj.  使人快乐的

8.aware adj.  知道的,意识到的

9.focus n.  调焦;焦点

10.hardworking adj.  勤奋的

11.signal n.  信号,暗号

12.electric adj.  与电有关的,用电的

13.aggressive adj.  好斗的;有进取心的

14.contain vt.  包含,含有

15.native adj.  出生地的,本土的

16.economy n.  经济

17.pleased adj.  高兴的,满意的

18.advance vi.  前进;取得进展

19.contact n.&vt.  接触,联系

20.fluently_adv.  流利地

21.truly adv.  准确地,真正地 [语境活用]

1.The cruel and greedy (贪婪的) woman was punished by the two boys.

2.The city council is taking steps to replace (取代) its street cars with buses.

3.The soil contains materials to keep the natural balance (平衡) of the area.

4.Although you can find bargains (便宜货) in London, it's not generally a cheap place to shop.

5.You can tell from his blue eyes that he isn't native (本土的) to China.

6.A good salesperson has to be aggressive (有进取心的) in today's competitive market.

7.There is little contact (联系) between the two organizations.

8.If she had been aware (知道的,意识到的) that the mushrooms were poisonous, she wouldn't have picked them for dinner.

9.It's good manners to share your comments (评论) with your partners.

10.He removed (移除) the mud from his shoes before he entered the room.

拓展单词 1.appeal vi.吸引,引起兴趣;呼吁,恳求→appealing adj.有吸引力的

2.motivate vt.使有动机;促使,激发→motivation n.动力;诱因

3.achievement n.完成,成就→achieve vt.完成;实现

4.exist vi.存在,生存→existence n.存在,生存

5.variety n.多样化,多样性→various adj.各种各样的→vary v.相异,不同

6.concern vt.使忧虑;与……相关→concerned adj.担心的;涉及的→concerning prep.关于

7.puzzle vt.使困惑 n.谜语→puzzled adj.困惑的→puzzling adj.令人困惑的

8.product n.产品;出品→produce v.生产→production n.生产;成果;作品

9.enthusiastic adj.很感兴趣的;热情的→enthusiasm n.热情

10.annoy vt.打搅;使烦恼→annoyed adj.烦恼的→annoying adj.使人烦恼的→annoyance n.烦恼

11.ashamed adj.羞耻的,惭愧的→shame v.使感到羞愧→shameful adj.可耻的,丢脸的

12.aware adj.知道的,意识到的→awareness n.意识

13.practical adj.实用的;实践的→practise v.实践→practice v.&n.实践 [语境活用]

1.The city offering an appealing combination of sporting and cultural events really appeals to local citizens.(appeal)

2.Health awareness has increased over the past decade.As a result, smokers are aware of the dangers to their own health.(aware)

3.She was deeply ashamed of her son's behaviour at the dinner table, but her husband thought it wasn't a shameful action.(shame)

4.There are various goods in the new supermarket, and the prices vary from cents to dollars. The variety of them attracts many customers.(vary)

5.Our parents are concerned about our health. As far as I'm concerned,_we should talk with them and tell them our concerns.(concern)

6.This month, they have increased production and produced twice as many products as they did last month.(produce)

7.Practical experience is often very important and practice is the direct way to get experience.(practice)

8.The puzzled look on her face shows that she is puzzled about the puzzling question.(puzzle)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.put_off         推迟

2.at_present  目前,现在

3.out_of_work  失业

4.give_away  赠送;泄露(秘密)

5.drop_out  退出;退学

6.make/earn_a_living  谋生

7.be_determined_to_do_sth.  决心做某事

8.dream_up  凭空想出,虚构出

9.be_concerned_about  对……关心/挂念

10.take_turns  轮流

11.turn_one's_back_on  不理睬;拒绝

12.be_tired_of_...  厌倦了……

13.appeal_to_...  吸引;呼吁

14.a_variety_of  各种各样的

15.what's_more  而且,此外

16.be_associated_with  将……与……联系起来 1.We_appealed_to the villagers for money to build the bridge.

2.She was concerned about those children who put off going to school or even dropped_out.

3.Then, cut a_variety_of_meats and fish into thin slices.It will guarantee that the items will cook quickly and fully.

4.Before he found the new job, he had been out_of_work for a year.

5.It would be much better to_put_off the meeting till Friday because of the bad weather.

6.You may be tired with reading, but you should not be_tired_of it.

7.At_present,_I do not have information on the the exam result you asked about.

8.He turned_his_back_on his friends when he became famous.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.There are certainly no signs that Charles was a rich man!

当然没有任何迹象表明查尔斯曾是一个富翁! that引导同位语从句。 (2017·天津高考书面表达)顺便说一下,我真诚地希望你能抽时间再来天津参观一下,这个城市自从你离开后已经发生了巨大的变化。

By the way, it's_my_sincere_hope_that you can spare some time for a visit to Tianjin again, which has changed greatly since you left.

2.If so, it is time for you to think again.

如果这样的话,你需要再考虑一下了。 if so“如果这样的话”,是省略句。 (2017·全国卷Ⅲ满分作文)你愿意参加吗?如果愿意的话,请到学生会办公室报名登记。

Would you like to join? If_so,_please go to sign up at the Student Union office.

3.How come?

怎么会? How come?用以询问原因,或表示怀疑、惊讶等语气。 你怎么会没邀请他参加晚会!他是你未来的老板。

How_come you didn't invite him to the party! He is your future boss.

4.They are very practical and easy to wash.

它们非常实用,而且便于清洗。 主语+系动词+形容词+to do。 坏习惯一旦形成就很难改掉,有时甚至不可能改掉。

Bad habits, once formed, are_difficult_and_sometimes_even_impossible_to_get_rid_of.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.endanger v.  使危险

2.endangered adj.  濒临灭绝的

3.every_two_years  每两年

4.email sb. at ...  给某人发电子邮件

5.end up with/doing/in sth. 以……而结束

6.enjoy doing sth.  喜欢做某事 1.give_away    赠送

2.come_up_with  想出来……

3.run_out_of  用光

4.have a sore back  背疼

5.take a risk/risks  冒险

6.notice n.  布告牌;通知 1.introduce oneself  自我介绍

2.the forces of nature  自然界的力量

3.China's rural areas  中国的偏远地区

4.amusement parks  游乐园

5.take a ride  兜风

6.three quarters  四分之三

 

一、过重点单词——

1.variety n.多样性,多样化

[教材原句] Although different varieties of English will continue to develop around the world, standard English will survive for international communication.

虽然不同种类的英语将继续在全世界发展,但是以国际交流为目的的标准英语仍将存在。

(1)a variety of=varieties of 种种,各种各样的,各种不同的

the variety of   ……的品种

(2)various adj.   各种不同的;各种各样的

(3)vary vt.& vi.   改变;变更;变化;不同

vary with ...   随着……而变化

vary from ... to .../between ... and ...   在……和……之间变化

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①We grow a variety (various) of crops, including cabbages, wheat and potatoes.

②The variety of foods at the restaurant is (be) limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large.

③Everyone's usual temperature varies with the times of the day.

完成句子

④What's more, the ability to speak English fluently will bring us_a_wide_variety_of_chances.

另外,能够流利地讲英语经带给我们很多的机会。

⑤That sort of thing varies_from_person_to_person_in African countries.

那种事情在非洲国家因人而异。

[名师指津] a variety of/varieties of后接可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式;the variety of后接可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

2.determined adj.有决心的

[教材原句] A lot of people are determined to become a millionaire.

很多人一心想成为百万富翁。

(1)be determined to do sth.     决心做某事

(2)determine vt.   确定,决定;使下定决心

determine on/upon (doing) sth.   决定(做)某事

determine to do sth.   决定做某事

determine sb.to do sth.   使某人下决心做某事

determine+that/wh­从句 ...   决定……

(3)determination n.   决心

with determination   坚决地;果断地

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Pressed from his parents, and realizing that he has wasted too much time, the boy is determined to_stop (stop) playing video games.

②Mary shows great determination (determine) to become a lawyer in future.

③Determined (determine) to give up smoking, he threw away his remaining cigarettes.

完成句子

④I have_determined_on/upon spending my holiday at home this summer.

今年夏天我已决定在家里度假。

一句多译

我已决定毕业后到农村去。

⑤I_have_determined_to_go_to_the_countryside_after_graduation.(determine to do)

⑥I_have_determined_on/upon_going_to_the_countryside_after_graduation.(determine on/upon)

⑦I_have_determined_that_I_am_going_to_the_countryside_after_graduation.(determine that ...)

3.concern vt.使忧虑;与……相关 n.担心;关心;关切

[教材原句] Some millionaires continue to be concerned about money when they become millionaires.

有些人成为百万富翁后还继续为钱烦恼。

(1)concern oneself with/about sth. 某人关心/担心某事

(2)show/express concern for/about ...  对……表示关心/忧虑

(3)concerned adj.   关心的,关切的

be concerned about/for/that ...   担心;关心

be concerned with   与……有关;涉及

as/so far as ... be concerned   就……而言;依……之见

(4)concerning prep.   关于

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Nowadays people are more concerned about/for_ the environment where they live.

②In your last letter,we read stories_concerning (concern) visitors from your country.

③As/So far as I'm concerned (concern), it's wise not to spend much time playing with smart phones.

④The theory of relativity is concerned with two seemingly opposite ideas.

单句改错/完成句子

⑤As far as the present situations concerned, it is very difficult for you to avoid being accused of drunk­driving.situations_后加are_

⑥I don't want to concern_myself_with his affairs. 

我不想介入他的事情。

4.aware adj.知道的,意识到的

[教材原句] “A few years ago,”says Charles,“I was a millionaire, but was aware there were a lot of hungry people in the world.”

查尔斯说:“几年前,我曾是个百万富翁,但我意识到世界上还有许许多多忍饥挨饿的人。”

(1)  知道/明白/意识到……

make sb.aware of sth.   让某人明白某事

as far as I'm aware ...   据我所知……

(2)awareness n.   意识,觉悟

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①It is necessary to make people aware of the importance of protecting wild animals.

②At the graduation ceremony, our headmaster required us to raise our competitive awareness (aware) in modern society.

单句改错

③This should serve as a warning that people should be aware their surroundings, especially when crossing roads.aware后加of 

完成句子

④As_far_as_I'm_aware,we are supposed to earn money by working hard and we shouldn't be too greedy for wealth.

据我所知,我们应该通过辛勤劳动赚钱,而且我们不应该对财富贪婪。

5.bargain vi.& n.交易;便宜货;讨价还价

[高考佳句] Although you can find bargains in London,it's not generally a cheap place to shop.(2014·大纲卷)

虽然你可能在伦敦找到便宜货,但那通常不是一个购物便宜的地方。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中bargain的含义

①My wife often picks up some bargains from the market. 便宜货

②Clement made a satisfactory bargain with him.交易

③She bargained with the fishmonger over the price.讨价还价

[系统考点]

(1)bargain with sb.about/over/for sth. 就某物与某人讨价还价 

(2)make a bargain (with sb.)   (与某人)成交/达成协议

It's a (real) bargain.   真便宜。

[练通重点]

完成句子

④Dealers bargain_with_growers_about/over/for the price of coffee.

商人与种植者就咖啡的价格进行商洽。

⑤He and his partner have made_a_bargain to help each other.

他和他的合伙人已达成协议,要相互帮助。

⑥She bought a dress for only 15 yuan and it was a_real_bargain.

她15元买了件连衣裙,那真便宜。

6.ashamed adj.羞耻的,惭愧的

[教材原句] She is not ashamed to say she has not got much money.

她并不耻于说自己没有多少钱。

(1)feel/be ashamed of (doing) sth. 以(做)某事羞耻/惭愧

feel/be ashamed to do sth.   做某事感到羞耻/惭愧

feel/be ashamed for sb.   替某人感到羞耻/惭愧

(2)shame n.   羞耻,遗憾

to one's shame   使某人感到羞愧的是

It's a shame that...   真羞愧/遗憾.......

(3)shameful adj.   可耻的

shameless adj.   不知羞耻的

[多用练透]

单句语法填空

①I felt incredibly ashamed (shame) of myself for getting so angry.

②To_his shame, he found that his best friend found his dishonest behavior.

③It's a shame that she isn't here to see it.

④We must expose this_shameful (shame) activity to the newspaper.

⑤The parents felt ashamed for their son when he was dismissed by the boss.

完成句子/一句多译

⑥Because I was growing up in American, I was_ashamed_of_my mother's Chinese English.

因为我在美国长大,所以我对妈妈的中国式英语感到难为情。

吉姆问了我许多问题,因而他感到不好意思。

⑦Jim_was_ashamed_to_have_troubled_me_with_so_many_questions.(be ashamed to do sth.)

⑧Jim_was_ashamed_of_having_troubled_me_with_so_many_questions.(be ashamed of doing sth.)

7.appeal vi.吸引,引起兴趣;呼吁;恳求;上诉;申诉 n.呼吁;要求

[教材原句] Well, if buying a bag of candies or cookies doesn't appeal to you, how about buying a tree instead?

你如果对买包糖果或甜点不感兴趣的话,买棵树怎么样?

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中appeal的含义

①He said he would appeal after being found guilty on four counts of murder.上诉

②The child's mother made an emotional appeal on TV for his return.恳求

③The prospect of a long wait in the rain didn't appeal.吸引

[系统考点]

(1)appeal to sb.        对某人有吸引力

appeal to sb.for sth.   呼吁/恳求某人某事

appeal for sth.   呼吁某事;请求给予某物

appeal to sb.to do sth.   呼吁某人做某事

(2)make an appeal to sb. for sth.  为某事向某人呼吁或请求

make an appeal to sb. to do sth.   呼吁/恳求某人做某事

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

④The Harry Potter books appeal_to readers of all ages. 

⑤He made one last appeal to his father to_forgive (forgive) him.

⑥They're appealing for clothes and blankets to send to the disaster region.

句型转换

⑦Organizers appealed to the crowd not to panic. 

→Organizers_made an appeal to_the crowd not to panic. 

⑧On the other hand, the idea attracted him.

→On the other hand, the idea appealed to him.

8.balance n.平衡;天平,秤;结余;余额;余款 vt.平衡;权衡

[教材原句] The soil contains materials to keep the natural balance of the area.

这些泥土中含有保持该地区大自然平衡的物质。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中balance的含义

①The balance on your account is $5.余额

②Try to keep a balance between work and relaxation.平衡

③Weigh that loaf of bread on the balance, please.天平,秤

[系统考点]

(1)keep the balance of nature    保持生态平衡

keep one's balance   保持平衡

lose one's balance=be out of balance 失去平衡

(2)balance sth. against   权衡;斟酌;比较

(3)balanced adj.   保持(或显示)平衡的

keep a balanced diet   保持饮食均衡

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

④You'd better keep a balanced (balance) diet for the benefit of your health.

⑤You have to balance the advantages of living in the countryside against the disadvantages.

一句多译

我身体失去平衡,摔了一跤。

⑥I_lost_my_balance_and_fell.(lose)

⑦I_was_out_of_balance_and_fell.(be)

9.replace vt.代替,取代;把……放回原处;替换

[教材原句] Well, it's a disk to replace our textbook.

哦,这是一张可替代我们课本的光碟。

(1)replace sth.with/by sth.   用某物替换某物

(2)   代替某人

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Store shopping will never be replaced by online shopping, but it can exist along with it.

②Computers have taken the place of typewriters in most offices.

单句改错

③When the boss was out,Tom took place of him to manage the company.place前加the

同义句改写

Our monitor will take the place of our head teacher to attend the meeting.

④Our monitor will attend the meeting in_place_of_our_head_teacher.

⑤Our monitor will take_our_head_teacher's_place to attend the meeting.

⑥Our monitor will attend the meeting in_our_head_teacher's_place.

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.The key is to develop a balanced (balance) and varied program that is fun as well as progressive.

2.They made a bargain with us, but they are trying to break it off.

3.We appeal to all students and  teachers to keep the environment clean.

4.The poor boy was_ashamed (shame) of his ragged clothes.

5.There were varieties (various) of flowers in the park and many people went to have a look at weekends.

6.He should have been aware of what his junior officers were doing.

7.He was determined (determine) to cut through the difficulties.

8.It is still under discussion whether the old bus station should be replaced with/by a modern hotel or not.

9.I am very much concerned (concern) for the state of his health.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.This company is more concerning with quality than with quantity.concerning→concerned

2.Their sudden attack made us more aware about the danger around us.about→of

3.I think the girl should feel ashamed for her bad behavior at school.for→of

4.From his determining look, we knew he was sure of winning the game.determining→determined

5.Moreover, sport has become an important form of entertainment, appeal to both men and women.appeal→appealing

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Track every penny you spend so that you will become_aware_of_your weakness.

记录自己花的每一分钱,这样你就会意识到自己的弱点。

2.You should be_ashamed_of_your foolish behaviors at the party.

你应该为你在晚会上愚蠢的行为感到羞耻。

3.I bought a dress for only 10 dollars; it was a_real_bargain.

我只用10美元买了一件衣服,那真便宜。

4.The new film appealed_to many people because of its moving story.

这部新影片因其感人的故事吸引了很多人。

5.People all over the world are_concerned_about_the problem of global warming.

全世界的人们都在担心气候变暖的问题。

二、过短语、句式——

1.put off推迟,延期;拖延;使反感;脱掉(衣帽);(停车)让某人下车;

[高考佳句] It has become a habit for some students to put off their homework.(2015·广东高考满分作文)

对一些学生来说推迟作业已经成为一种习惯。

[一词多义] 写出下列句中put off的含义

①The match has been put off until tomorrow because of the bad weather.推迟,延期

②After I came into the house, I put off my coat.脱掉

③The country's worsening reputation does not seem to be putting off the tourists.使反感

④I asked the bus driver to put me off near the hotel.让某人下车

[归纳拓展]

put_aside         不理睬;储存

put away   将……收起

put down   放下;记下;镇压

put forward   提出(意见、建议等)

put on   穿上,戴上;上演(戏剧等)

put_out   熄灭,扑灭

put up   举起;张贴;投宿

put up with   忍受,容忍

put together_   合计

put through   接通;完成;使从事,使经受

He put aside his book and began to listen to me.

他把书放在一边,开始听我讲话。

He put forward a very good suggestion at the meeting.

他在会上提出了一个很好的建议。

If you are cold, put on more clothes instead of turning up the heat.

如果你觉得冷,就多穿点衣服,而不是把暖气开大。

We do not have to put up with pollution.

我们不必去忍受污染。

2.give away赠送,捐赠;泄露(秘密);颁发;放弃

[教材原句] Therefore he gave away all his money to charities.

因此,他把所有的钱都捐赠给了慈善机构。

[一词多义] 写出下列句中give away的含义

①She gave away all her money to the poor.捐赠

②People give away much more by their gestures than by their words.泄露

③We have invited a famous former student to give away the school prizes.颁发

[归纳拓展]

give off     发出(气味、热、光)

give out_   分发,分配;发表;散发;精疲力竭,用尽

give way to   撤退;让步,让路;让……优先

give in   屈服,让步

Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ阅读)

科学家们已经发现各种各样的植物当受到攻击的时候会散发出易挥发的有机化合物(VOC)。

He is such a determined person that he will never give in to any difficulties. 

他是一位如此意志坚定的人,以至于他从来不屈服于任何困难。

3.drop out退出;退学

[教材原句] Charles Gray decided to drop out and has discovered that having only a little money makes you free.

查尔斯·格雷决定退出富人圈,他发现仅仅拥有少量的钱会带给人自由。

[归纳拓展]

①drop by/over      顺便拜访

②drop in (on sb./at_sp.)   顺便拜访(某人/某地)

③drop off   落下;不知不觉入睡;送下车,送到;减少

④drop out of   从……中退出

⑤drop behind   落后,落伍

[应用领悟]

①In the old days many girls in the countryside had to drop out of school.

从前许多乡村女孩不得不中途退学。

②Be sure to drop in on me when you can spare a moment.

如果你能抽出一点时间的话一定要顺便拜访我。

③If I do drop off, wake me as soon as Martin arrives, won't you?

如果我确实睡着了,马丁一到就叫醒我,好吗?

4.同位语从句

There are certainly no signs that_Charles_was_a_rich_man!

当然没有任何迹象表明查尔斯曾是一个富翁!

 

(1)从属连词 that 引导同位语从句时,常跟在某些抽象名词如: fact, hope, desire, thought, suggestion, idea, news, problem, possibility, chance, plan, question等之后,对前面的名词起补充说明的作用。

(2)在某些名词(如demand,wish,suggestion,request等)后面的同位语从句要用“(should+)do”表示虚拟语气。

(3)同位语从句也可以由连接代词who, what, whose, which;连接副词how, when, where, why或从属连词whether来引导。

①We heard the news that_our_team_had_won.

我们听到消息说我们队赢了。

②The manager put forward a suggestion that we_(should)_have_an_assistant.

经理提出了我们应该有一个助手的建议。

③I have no idea when_he_will_come_back.

我不知道他什么时候回来。

5.省略形式:if so

If_so,_it is time for you to think again.

如果这样的话,你需要再考虑一下了。

 

(1)If so是If it is so的省略形式,if 引导省略的情况还有:

if any            如果有的话

if ever   如果曾经有的话

if possible   如果有可能的话

(2)在表示时间、地点、条件或让步的从句中,如果谓语中含有be动词,主语又和主句的主语一致或者从句主语是it (有时是there be),常把从句中的主语和be动词省略。

①I might be away next week. If_so,_I won't be able to see you.

下周我可能外出。要是那样,我就见不到你了。

②If_possible,_try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.

如果有可能的话,尝试每天都在同一时间睡觉和起床。

③If asked (ask) to look after luggage for someone else, please inform the police at once.

如果被要求为其他人照看行李的话,请立刻通知警察。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.John started an engineer science but dropped out after only a year.

2.Nothing was put off,_but many people became more worried about their flights when the heavy rain fell.

3.The couple gave away most of their fortune to the poor in the small town.

4.The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.

5.I may be free this evening. If so,_I'll come round and see you.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.On my way home I dropped in on his house last night. 第二个on→at

2.The heavily polluted river near the chemical factory gives away a terrible smell.away→off

3.The professor gave orders that the test finished before 7:30.finished前加be

4.In that case, we'll have to put up the sports meeting till next Saturday.up→off

Ⅲ.翻译句子

1.我们将采纳他的尽快承认那位先驱者的建议。

(同位语从句, recognize)

We_will_adopt_his_suggestion_that_the_leading_body_be_recognized_as_soon_as_possible.

2.我从老师那了解到,如果我的同桌没有得到别人的帮助,他将已经辍学了。(drop out)

I_learned_from_the_teacher_that_my_deskmate_would_have_dropped_out_of_school_if_he_hadn't_been_helped_by_others.

3.你要是完成工作了,咱们可以喝杯咖啡;不然的话,你最好继续工作。(省略句, keep)

If_you've_finished_we_can_have_a_coffee;_if_not,_you'd_better_keep_working.

4.由于他生病,约会被推迟了。(put off)

The_appointment_was_put_off_because_of_his_illness.

5.为什么他今年表现不及往常呢?(How come)

How_come_he_hasn't_been_able_to_be_as_good_this_year?

三、过语法、写作——

 

 

(一)单元小语法

  ——不定代词;不定式

 

Ⅰ.选词填空

1.another, the other, others, the others

(1)There are two lions in the zoo. One is old and the_other_is young. 

(2)We have many problems to discuss. One is how many guests we should invite, another is whose house we should use and the third is ... 

(3)There are three types of tiger living in China. Some others_live in America. 

(4)They saw ten suits in the window of the shop.Three of them were cheap. The_others were expensive.

2.either, neither, no, none

(1)—Are you going to wear this tie or that one?

—Either_will do. 

(2)Neither_City Lights nor Modern Times was a colored film. 

(3)—How many films acted by Charlie Chaplin have you seen?

—None.

(4)There is no_China Daily in their reading room.

Ⅱ.单句语法填空

1.There are still many problems to_be_solved (solve) before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon. 

2.To_free (free) ourselves from the physical and mental tensions, we each need deep thought and inner quietness. 

3.Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only to_find (find) it didn't fit. 

4.It doesn't matter what style is in fashion this year.It is up to you to decide what to_wear (wear). 

5.This machine is very easy to_operate (operate).Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. 

Ⅲ.句型转换

1.We found the lesson was difficult to understand.

→We found the lesson difficult to understand.

2.It is impossible that a child can lift such a heavy box.

→It is impossible for a child to lift_such a heavy box.

3.The progress which will be made soon is of great importance.

→The progress to be made_soon is of great importance.

4.When we should hold the meeting is still to be discussed.

→When to hold_the meeting is still to be discussed.

 

(二)课堂微写作

  练补写——让行文更条理

 

[题目要求]

为了响应都市频道发出的“帮助优秀贫困学生”的号召,校学生会计划组织全体同学捐款捐物。请你以校学生会的名义写一则通知,号召大家积极参与。词数100左右。

[补写提示] 请按提示线索补写下列习作的中间段落

Notice

In order to help the excellent students who are very poor, 介绍捐款捐物的时间、地点→介绍捐款捐物的方式→介绍所捐款物的去向

It is a virtue and tradition for us Chinese people to help those in need.So let's take action, please!

Students' Union,

April 10th

[答案示例]

Notice

In order to help the excellent students who are very poor, the students' union of our school is to launch a donation programme in front of the No.1 Teaching Building at 8:30 on the morning of April 17th.And it will last two hours.

You can make your donation in two ways.First, you can contribute money and any amount is welcome.Second, we will be more than happy to receive goods and materials, such as clothes, quilts and school supplies.All the donations will be given to the Red Cross of Henan.

It is a virtue and tradition for us Chinese people to help those in need.So let's take action, please!

Students' Union,

April 10th

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

This year promises to be an exciting one for technology and science. There's a line­up of great products for you to look forward to.

The AirBoard 1.0

The AirBoard 1.0 is a fantastic new way to get around. The board works when you step onto the pressure pads (垫): to turn, all you have to do is move your weight to the left or right. It takes only one hour to be fully charged. Its increased fame among famous people has made it one of the most popular new kinds of technology.

The Miito

The Miito kettle is designed to heat up the water in any container. You can fill a cup with the right amount of water and place it onto the kettle. After placing the heating rod (棒) into the water, the rod would heat up and so would the water. More importantly, the product doesn't only save water. It also saves electricity, not to mention time waiting for water to boil.

The Oculus Rift

Have you ever wished you could walk through the world of your games, seeing things as your characters would? Well, now you can. This clever headset Rift allows you to see the world of your games in 3­D.

The Click & Grow

Are you the kind of person who enjoys using herbs and spices when cooking? The Click & Grow makes sure that you always have fresh and well­grown herbs or other plants whenever you need them. It is self­watering, and it also has an LED light that makes sure the plants grow fast and healthy.

 

21.What can we learn about the AirBoard 1.0?

A.It is completely automatic.

B.It can move and turn flexibly.

C.It needs a long time to charge.

D.It's the most popular transport for teens.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据第二段第二句“The board works when you step onto the pressure pads (垫): to turn, all you have to do is move your weight to the left or right”可知,你只需向左或向右转移你身体的重心便可自由地控制AirBoard 1.0进行转向,故可推知,这款产品可以灵活地移动和转弯。

22.Which product may be the most energy­efficient?

A.The Miito.      B.The Oculus Rift.

C.The AirBoard 1.0.  D.The Click & Grow.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“More importantly, the product doesn't only save water. It also saves electricity, not to mention time waiting for water to boil”可知,Miito不仅节水、节电,而且节省时间,即Miito有多重节能效果,故Miito可能是这四种产品中最节能的。

23.Who is the Click & Grow designed for?

A.Land developers.  B.Office workers.

C.Gardeners.  D.Housewives.

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Are you the kind of person who enjoys using herbs and spices when cooking”可知,Click & Grow的产品研发对象最有可能是家庭主妇,故选D项。

B

(2018·青岛质检)Best friends may be priceless but the cost of keeping the relationship alive is £23,870.

According to a study,  a BFF (Best Friend Forever) does not come cheap with devoted pals blowing  £4,679 on birthday presents alone over a lifetime. And while it costs nothing to be a shoulder to cry on, big­hearted Britons go the extra mile and spend  £168 on pick­me­ups  (提神物品)  to get their mate through a rocky patch (艰难时刻) like the breakup of a relationship.

There's a further £242 spent on presents to show how much they mean from gifts bought on holiday to treats for no reason. And distance does not break up a close friendship as BFFs spend a whopping (巨大的) £18,000 on travel to see each other despite being miles apart because of university,  jobs and marriage.

The study by cashback site TopCashBack found on average BFFs who wed can expect £431 spent on them and a further £283 on gifts when they have children. And they can rely on their pals to help out when they move house as they will obtain £127 worth of housewarming presents and takeaways as well as putting in a shift with the packing and unpacking.

The survey based on a friendship lasting 40 years found more than eight in ten adults with a BFF felt their friendships were worth every penny.

TopCashBack spokesperson Natasha Smith said,  “Those friendships which stand the test of time are often the most important in our lives. However, they come at a cost.  From train tickets once a month to flights and a new dress for a wedding on the Italian coast, the price paid for having a best mate can soon add up.  But when we asked people to compare their friendship with the monetary investment, only 14% thought their friendship was equal to their investment with the vast majority thinking it was worth more.”

语篇解读:最好的朋友也许是无价的,但维持一段友谊却是高价的。那么你知道维持一段友谊需要多少钱吗?一项研究给出了答案。

24.What does the underlined word in Paragraph 2 mean?

A.Ambitious.  B.Generous.

C.Troublesome.    D.Energetic.

解析:选B 词义猜测题。画线部分后的“go the extra mile and spend  £168 on pick­me­ups  (提神物品)  to get their mate through a rocky patch (艰难时刻) like the breakup of a relationship”就是对它的进一步说明。此处指虽然在朋友哭泣时成为朋友的依靠并不需要花费什么,但是英国人会为朋友付出更多,他们会花168英镑来为朋友买令人振作的物品,助其度过诸如关系破裂等困难时期。画线部分的意思应该是“慷慨的”,故选B。

25.To keep the relationship, where do BFFs spend most money?

A.Buying birthday presents.

B.Cheering up a friend in low spirits.

C.Paying for holiday gifts and other treats.

D.Going a particular distance to visit friends.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“blowing  £4,679 on birthday presents”“spend  £168 on pick­me­ups  (提神物品)”以及第三段中的“£242 spent on presents ...from gifts bought on holiday to treats ...”“spend a whopping (巨大的)  £18,000 on travel to see each other”可知,为了维持一段友谊,花在旅途中的费用是最多的,所以选D。

26.What is Natasha's understanding of BFF friendship?

A.It's costly and unaffordable.

B.It's expensive but worthwhile.

C.It's rewarding but hard to keep.

D.It's changeable but worth possessing.

解析:选B 观点态度题。根据最后一段中的“Those friendships which stand the test of time are often the most important in our lives. However, they come at a cost”可知,Natasha认为,经受得起时间考验的友谊通常是我们人生中最重要的东西,但那是要付出成本的。也就是说与一生的挚友的友谊很贵但很值得。所以选B。

27.How is the passage developed?

A.By listing figures.

B.By giving examples.

C.By analyzing causes.

D.By making comparisons.

解析:选A 写作手法题。根据文中的“£23,870”“£4,679”“£168”“£242”“£18,000”等数据可知,本文作者是通过列数据的方法来行文的,故选A。

C

(2018·山东省实验中学模拟)It's been a good week for new parents: Since Tuesday, three major corporations have changed their parental leave policies to reduce pressure on employees struggling to balance work and life with a new baby. The new program, which will take effect in November, offers up to 16 weeks of fully paid leave to primary caregivers and 10 weeks of medical leave for childbirth, totaling 26 weeks for a birth mother who is her child's primary caregiver. According to The Wall Street Journal, non­primary caregivers will receive up to 14 weeks of paid leave.

 “In the US, government mandates (命令) for paid leave are currently slim to nonexistent,”Ms. Morris said.“That means companies must seek the tough balance between supporting employees during major life events and meeting business goals. Too often, employees have not had the support they need.” Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics say only 13 percent of full­time workers in the United States had access to paid family leave in 2012.Willis Towers Watson benefits consultant Mary Tavarozzi told Reuters paid leave for American mothers usually lasts around a month.

According to The New York Times, the United States is the only high­income country that does not have nationally mandated paid family leave. In contrast, workers in Britain are given up to 50 weeks of family leave, 37 weeks of which is paid. Barack Obama has talked about closing this gap between the United States and its peers, The Times reported. In December, he began giving federal employees six weeks of paid family leave following the birth of a child.“It's time we stopped treating childcare as a side issue or a women's issue, and treated it like the national economic priority (优先事项) that it is,” he said in his State of the Union address in January.

Some studies have shown that the benefits of paid parental leave are tangible (实际的) beyond the relief new parents experience at being able to focus on their children without worrying about money.

语篇解读:本文为说明文。文章介绍了美国三大公司在一周之内相继公布产假修改制度,对那些刚刚有孩子的父母来说这无疑是一大好消息。

28.Why is it a good week for new parents?

A.The cost they paid will be shared.

B.Longer periods of parental leave are expected.

C.The policy benefiting them takes effect.

D.Employees' working time is becoming shorter.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据第一段中的“three major corporations have changed their parental leave policies”可知三大公司相继修改了产假政策;再结合“totaling 26 weeks for a birth mother”可知产假有望延长,故选B。

29.What did Ms. Morris say about the US's present paid leave?

A.It's well carried out.

B.It's supported by employers.

C.Few employees really get the benefits.

D.It increases the cost of the companies.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“In the US, government mandates (命令) for paid leave are currently slim to nonexistent”可知,在美国,政府对于带薪休假的命令少得几乎不存在,由此可推知,很少有员工从带薪休假中受益。故选C。

30.What can we infer from Obama's words?

A.Women can perform as well as men.

B.Childcare should be taken more seriously than the economy.

C.Working conditions for women are worsening.

D.The importance of paid family leave was once ignored.

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据第三段中的“the United States is the only high­income country that does not have nationally mandated paid family leave”可知,美国是高收入国家中唯一一个无全国性的法定带薪产假的国家。再结合“It's time we stopped treating childcare as a side issue or a women's issue, and treated it like the national economic priority (优先事项) that it is”可知,奥巴马解释了这一现象的原因,即忽视了带薪产假的重要性,故选D。

31.What may be discussed in the following paragraphs?

A.People's reactions to Obama's decision.

B.Reasons for a paid family leave program.

C.Other advantages of a paid family leave program.

D.The gap between the US and other countries.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据最后一段的内容尤其是“the benefits of paid parental leave are tangible (实际的) beyond the relief”可知,带薪产假的好处不仅仅是新手父母在照顾孩子时不需要担心钱的问题,故下文很可能会进一步探讨带薪产假给员工、公司或社会带来的其他好处,故选C。

D

(2018·合肥模拟)MARCELA Del Sol first noticed something wasn't right when she stumbled  (绊倒)  upon men's clothing  “hidden”  around the house.

The 42­year­old originally from Chile says she then discovered dozens of photographs in her phone that she did not remember taking. She was the subject but something was different. Her friends started falling away and she did not know why. Her long­term relationship ended suddenly. She now knows the men's clothing belonged to one of her  “alternatives” and the same person was responsible for separating those closest from her.

In an interview, Ms Del Sol said she was not allowed to name any of her six alternative persons.   “I can't tell you their names because they're not happy for me to do so,”   she said.   “I know that sounds very irrational. I am aware that they're not real people, not physical people, but I have a very good opinion of them.”  

Ms Del Sol has what's known as Dissociative Identity Disorder  (DID),  a condition characterized by the presence of two or more split personalities that have power over a person's behavior.

In her case, the condition is blamed on a car accident she was involved in three years ago. It was July 2013, when her vehicle broke down on the side of the road. A speeding driver collided with Ms Del Sol's car. She wasn't physically injured but her brain experienced trauma  (创伤). Shortly after, she discovered she wasn't alone inside her head. Switching between personalities happens often but there is no real pattern. It can be weeks between incidents and then, for whatever reason, it happens more frequently.

She describes her lifestyle as  “secluded” (与世隔绝的)  but she knows she has to make an effort. She volunteers for an organization helping abused children. She also spends time speaking out about her condition and has written a book on the subject, hoping to help others who are experiencing the same thing.

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了Marcela Del Sol遭遇车祸后患了分离性身份识别障碍,有了六重人格,而她的朋友和恋人也都相继离她而去。这究竟是怎么回事呢?

32.What led to Del Sol's friends breaking up with her?

A.Her unpleasant photographs.

B.The male personality inside her.

C.Her love for men's clothing.

D.The changeable characters of her.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Her friends started falling away and she did not know why. Her long­term relationship ended suddenly”和“She now knows the men's clothing belonged to one of her  ‘alternatives’ and the same person was responsible for separating those closest from her”可知,她的朋友开始疏远她,她不明就里,一段维持已久的恋情也突然结束,而现在她明白了,这些男性服饰属于她的其中一个(男性)人格,也正是这个人格让她的朋友和恋人都离开了她。故选B。

33.What does Del Sol think of the personalities inside her?

A.They also deserve respect.

B.They are gifts given by God.

C.They are too strong to resist.

D.They make her life ridiculous.

解析:选A 推理判断题。根据第三段中的“I can't tell you their names because they're not happy for me to do so ...they're not real people, not physical people, but I have a very good opinion of them”可知,Del Sol为了照顾到她体内人格的感受而不说出他们的名字,而且尽管她知道他们不是真实的人,但对他们有很好的看法,由此可推知她认为她体内的人格也值得尊重,故选A。

34.What do we know about Del Sol?

A.She makes her personalities' names known. 

B.Her personalities change regularly.

C.Her physical injury caused DID.

D.She tries to live a positive life.

解析:选D 推理判断题。最后一段提到,她说自己的生活是与世隔绝的,但她知道她不得不努力。她在一个帮助受虐待的儿童的组织当志愿者,花时间谈她的情况,并写了一本关于分离性身份识别障碍的书,希望能帮助其他正在经历同样事情的人。这些都反映出她在试图积极地生活。

35.What is the best title for the passage?

A.An unusual present

B.An unhappy experience

C.The effect of DID on a woman

D.A woman suffering DID after an accident

解析:选D 标题归纳题。纵观全文可知,本文主要讲的是Marcela Del Sol遭遇车祸后得了分离性身份识别障碍以及她的生活状态等,故D项作本文标题最佳。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

One common misconception is that a person who's had a bang (猛击)  on the head shouldn't be allowed to go to sleep in case they slip into a deep unconscious state. __36__

The fear of letting people sleep has come about from a misunderstanding of the  “lucid interval (清醒期)”. __37__ Yet meanwhile their brain is bleeding,  causing pressure on the tissue of the brain.  If this causes them to lose consciousness again, this time it's a medical emergency. This lucid interval only occurs in a minority of cases.

__38__ The guideline is given by many different organizations from World Rugby to Britain's NHS. But if someone is not confused or throwing up, or has no double vision or trouble walking or severe head or neck ache, the recommendations do not include the advice to keep them awake.

In fact rest is what's needed, both physically and cognitively (认知地).  So athletes not only have to stop training for a time after a heavy bang on the head, but should also stop taxing their brains. Children who have banged their head should do less school work until they have fully recovered. __39__ It's not bad, it's a good thing.

This is the current advice, although it should be said that until very recently, very few trials have tested the advice that is given, something that worries some researchers.

__40__ So we should soon have more information on the best way to care for people after a head injury.

A.The good news is that new trials have been underway.

B.However, this is not the current medical advice that's given.

C.Sleep is recommended, but that doesn't always mean it's easy.

D.The brain needs to heal by doing less and sleep is perfect for it.

E.Children with a head injury should be woken per hour or two at night.

F.It refers to the period after waking up from unconsciousness, seeming fine.

G.However, the possibility of bleeding on the brain is the reason for looking out for symptoms.

语篇解读:本文一篇说明文,主要说明了头部受伤的人不应该睡觉这种错误观点产生的原因,并讲述了目前的医学建议。

36.解析:选B 文章首句说明了人们的错误观念,空处承上启下,指出这种错误观念并不是如今针对头部受到撞击的情况所给出的医学建议。故选B项。

37.解析:选F F项中的“It”指代上文的“the ‘lucid interval (清醒期)’”, “waking up from unconsciousness, seeming fine”与下文中的“meanwhile their brain is bleeding”构成转折关系,符合语境。

38.解析:选G G项与上文的“This lucid interval only occurs in a minority of cases”构成转折,G项中的symptoms与下文中的“...confused or throwing up, or has no double vision or trouble walking or severe head or neck ache”相呼应,故选G项。

39.解析:选D 根据本段的主题句“In fact rest is what's needed, both physically and cognitively (认知地)”可知,本段讲的应是休息的必要性,并且D项中的“doing less”和“sleep is perfect for it”分别与上文的“stop training ...stop taxing their brains”“do less school work”和下文的“It's not bad, it's a good thing”相呼应,故选D项。

40.解析:选A 根据上文中的“very few trials ...some researchers”及下文所说的对于照顾头部受伤的人的最好的办法,我们很快将会有更多信息可知A项“好消息是新的实验已经在进行”符合语境。

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

When I was a teenager, we were the only family in our New York town that didn't own a car. And having no car was __41__ because all my friends' parents did.

We were poor. Suddenly a moment arrived __42__ my life forever. For weeks a new Buick Roadmaster __43__ in the window of the biggest store on the main street. Now, on the special night, I stayed in the shadows at the edge of the crowd waiting for the winning __44__ to be drawn.

It had never even entered my mind that we would __45__. But the loudspeaker called my father's name! __46__ I wormed my way up to the platform, the mayor had presented Dad with the __47__, and he had driven off amid __48__. I ran __49__. My mother met me and told me that my father had asked Jim, his boss, if he wanted to buy a ticket. Jim said yes and my dad __50__ two tickets in his own name with his own money, __51__ 348 for Jim and the winning number was 348 instead of __52__ one 349.

“Your father is struggling with a(n) __53__ problem. But I think if you have character, you have the better part of __54__ and I know your father will do what is right,” my mother said __55__.

At last we __56__ Dad's step on the front porch. I held my __57__. He went straight to the __58__ in the dining room and dialed. Jim's phone rang for a long time ...

__59__ over the years, I know now we were never __60__ than we were at the moment when Dad made the telephone call.

 

                   

 

41.A.relaxing  B.shaming

C.worrying  D.pleasing

解析:选B 根据该句中的“because all my friends' parents did”可知,“我”所有的朋友的父母都有车;据此可以判断,没有车是令人羞愧的(shaming)。A项意为“令人放松的”,C项意为“令人担心的”,D项意为“令人高兴的”,都与语境不符。

42.A.saving  B.improving

C.risking  D.changing

解析:选D 根据下文可知,“我”的父亲中彩了,赢得了车;据此可以判断,这一突如其来的时刻改变(changing)了“我”的人生。A项意为“挽救”,B项意为“改善”,C项意为“冒险”,都与语境不符。

43.A.had stood  B.had been on sale

C.had performed  D.had been under repair

解析:选A 根据该句中的“a new Buick Roadmaster ________ in the window of the biggest store on the main street”并结合下文对父亲中彩的描述可知,一辆新的别克轿车停(had stood)在主街道最大的商店的橱窗里作为获奖者的奖品。

44.A.team  B.guy

C.ticket  D.boss

解析:选C 根据语境并结合第三段最后一句中的“tickets”可知,“我”在人群的边缘等候获奖的票(ticket)被抽出。A项意为“团队”,B项意为“家伙”,D项意为“老板”,都与语境不符。

45.A.jump  B.fail

C.strike  D.win

解析:选D 根据后一句“But the loudspeaker called my father's name”可知,但是扩音器里呼叫“我”父亲的姓名;据此可以判断,“我”从来没有想到我们会获奖(win),故D项正确。A项意为“跳跃”,B项意为“失败”,C项意为“撞击”,都与语境不符。

46.A.As soon as  B.Because

C.By the time  D.Although

解析:选C 根据该句中的“the mayor had presented Dad with”可以判断,等“我”费力登上平台时,市长已经将车钥匙交给了“我”的父亲。by the time意为“到……时”,故C项正确。A项意为“一……就……”,B项意为“因为”,D项意为“尽管”,都与语境不符。

47.A.dollars  B.keys

C.medals  D.tickets

解析:选B 根据该句中的“he had driven off amid”可知,市长将轿车的钥匙(keys)颁给了他,他在一片欢呼声(cheers)中驾车而去。A项意为“美元”,C项意为“奖牌”,D项意为“票”,都与语境不符。

48.A.shouts  B.prayers

C.noises  D.cheers

解析:选D 参见上题解析。A项意为“喊叫声”;B项意为“祈祷”;C项意为“噪音”。

49.A.home  B.downtown

C.to my friends  D.to the platform

解析:选A 根据后一句中的“My mother met me”可知,母亲遇到了“我”;据此可以判断,“我”跑回了家(home)。

50.A.saved  B.bought

C.booked  D.printed

解析:选B 根据前一句中的“if he wanted to buy a ticket”可知,“我”的父亲询问过Jim是否要购买彩票;据此可以判断,“我”的父亲购买(bought)了两张彩票。A项意为“挽救”;C项意为“预订”;D项意为“打印”。

51.A.calling  B.writing

C.marking  D.bringing

解析:选C 根据该句中的“348 for Jim”可知,父亲在348号彩票上标注(marking)了Jim的名字,故C项正确。A项意为“呼叫”,B项意为“书写”,D项意为“带来”,都与语境不符。

52.A.the other  B.another

C.the lucky  D.other

解析:选A 根据该句中的“two tickets”可知,父亲共买了两张票;据此可知,该处表示另一张是349号。A项表示“两者中的另一个”,符合语境。

53.A.embarrassing  B.mental

C.puzzling  D.moral

解析:选D 根据语境可知,父亲在思考是否将以自己的钱和名义为Jim购买的彩票所中的汽车给Jim,故这是一个道德上的(moral)问题。A项意为“令人尴尬的”,B项意为“精神的”,C项意为“令人困惑的”,都与语境不符。

54.A.wealth  B.poverty

C.health  D.belief

解析:选A 根据该句中的“But I think if you have character, you have the better part of”可以判断,如果你有好的品格,你就拥有人生财富(wealth)中更好的部分,故A项正确。B项意为“贫穷”,C项意为“健康”,D项意为“信念”,都与语境不符。

55.A.with anger  B.excitedly

C.calmly  D.with anxiety

解析:选C 根据该句中的“and I know your father will do what is right”可知,母亲相信父亲会做正确的事;据此可以判断,母亲平静地(calmly)说,故C项正确。A项意为“愤怒地”,B项意为“兴奋地”,D项意为“焦虑地”,都与语境不符。

56.A.saw  B.heard

C.followed  D.found

解析:选B 根据该句中的“Dad's step on the front porch”可知,最后我们听到(heard)了父亲走向门廊的声音。

57.A.arms  B.mouth

C.eyes  D.breath

解析:选D 根据语境可知,“我”注意着父亲的一举一动;据此可以判断,“我”屏住了呼吸(breath)。

58.A.phone  B.cup

C.ticket  D.window

解析:选A 根据该句中的“and dialed”可知,他径直走向餐厅里的电话(phone),故A项正确。

59.A.Looking out  B.Looking up

C.Looking back  D.Looking in

解析:选C 根据语境可知,此处表示回顾(Looking back)这几年,“我”现在知道我们从来没有比父亲打电话的那一刻更富有(richer)过,故C项正确。A项意为“当心,留神”;B项意为“查阅,向上看”;D项意为“短暂探访”。

60.A.poorer  B.richer

C.more foolish  D.more clever

解析:选B 参见上题解析。A项意为“更贫穷”,C项意为“更愚蠢”,D项意为“更聪明”,都与语境不符。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

We think that life in Chinese high school is an adventure in which we have to survive mountains of homework and exams. Yet would it be__61__ (surprise) if I tell you that high school life in the US is almost as stressful and demanding as it is in China? 

In US high school, everything__62__ (record) and graded, including your grades on quizzes, tests and final examinations. Failing__63__ (turn) in your homework on time will directly affect your grade for a certain course. Perhaps contrary to__64__we used to think of the US high school students, they pay great attention to their__65__ (academy) performance to try to get into distinguished university. __66__, they'll be disappointed after graduation from high school. 

Like university students, the US high school students have the__67__ (free) to choose the courses that most interest__68__ (they). Even a 9th­grader can sit__69__ the same classroom as 12th­graders. But this also means he or she has to work very hard, because the teacher will not treat him or her differently just because he or she is a few years__70__ (young).

 

61.surprising 考查分词形容词。此处是现在分词作形容词,意为“令人吃惊的”,符合语境。

62.is recorded 考查动词的时态和语态。everything和谓语record之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,且表示客观情况,故用一般现在时的被动语态,即is recorded, 与graded 呼应。

63.to turn 考查非谓语动词。fail to do sth. 意为“不能做某事”,为固定搭配。

64.what 考查名词性从句。空处引导宾语从句,在从句中作宾语,表示物的概念,故填what。

65.academic 考查形容词。用形容词academic作定语修饰名词performance。

66.Otherwise 考查副词。根据语境可知,此处表示否则他们高中毕业后就会感到失望,故用副词otherwise,意为“否则”,作状语。

67.freedom 考查名词。由定冠词the 可知,此处应用名词,即freedom。

68.them 考查代词。此处应用宾格形式,作动词interest 的宾语,故用them。

69.in 考查介词。in the classroom 意为“在教室里”。

70.younger 考查形容词比较级。根据上文可知,9年级和12年级的学生比较,自然是年轻一些,故用形容词的比较级形式,即younger。

 

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

(2018·黑龙江省哈尔滨市期末考试)I'm glad to hear that you were visiting Fujian for your holiday. I am writing to tell you that something about Wu Yi Mountain. Locate in the northwest of Fujian Province, it is a wonderful tourist attraction. The weather there is mild on summer. What's more importantly is that it is famous as a holy tourist site. Not only can I appreciate the impressive scenery, but you can also learn many about the culture of it. It also has a large number of fantastic Chinese building.

There is no doubt whether a trip to Wu Yi Mountain will be truly unforgettable experience. I wish you a nice trip! 

答案:第一句:were→are

第二句:去掉that

第三句:Locate→Located

第四句:on→in

第五句:importantly→important

第六句:I→you; many→much

第七句:building→buildings

第八句:whether→that; truly前加a

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你班即将举行英语晚会,你想邀请外教Jill Robbins参加。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.真诚邀请;

2.介绍内容;

3.赴约时间。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Jill Robbins,

I'm writing to give you a sincere invitation. 

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

I'm looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

参考范文:

Dear Jill Robbins,

I'm writing to give you a sincere invitation. In order to improve our English and enjoy ourselves, we have decided to hold an English evening party. I'm honoured to invite you to our party, where you will enjoy English songs and dances. We will be very happy if you can come and join us in the singing and dancing.

The party is to start at 8 p. m. tomorrow in the conference hall. If it is convenient for you, I'll pick you up at 7:30 tomorrow evening at the school gate. I am sure you will have a good time then! We hope for your coming whole­heartedly.

I'm looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.It's an interesting idea, but there are many_practical_(practice) difficulties.

2.The couple gave away most of their fortune to the poor in the small town.

3.Peter dropped out before completing the race because of his injury.

4.Her popular book Silent Spring raised awareness (aware) of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans.

5.It is still under discussion whether the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not.

(二)单句改错 

1.The news that he was in trouble was determined me to act at once.去掉第二个was

2.Having been out from work for a few months, mother took up the job of waiting on patients in hospitals.from→of

3.When completing, the museum will be open to the public next year.completing→completed

4.He asked several questions concerned the future of the company.concerned→concerning

5.The coat is real bargain at such a low price.real前加a

(三)完成句子

1.The little girl lost_her_balance and fell off the balance beam.

小女孩失去了平衡,从平衡木上摔了下来。

2.Because of the heavy rain the football match has_been_put_off.

由于大雨,足球赛已推迟。

3.The government is_appealing_to everyone to save water.

政府呼吁大家节约用水。

4.If_so,_they will make great progress in their study.

如果是这样的话,他们将在学习上取得巨大进展。

5.He had overlooked the_fact_that_the_back_door_was_not_locked.

他忽略了后门没有锁这一事实。

淮南一对一辅导北师大版必修四Unit 10 Money转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com/2407.html

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