手机版| 英语课堂| 个人中心| 注册| 登录 关注云教 关注订阅号
淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高二辅导 > 淮南英语辅导北师大必修三Unit9Wheels学案

淮南英语辅导北师大必修三Unit9Wheels学案

Unit 9 Wheels

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.cyclist  n.        骑自行车的人

2.motorist  n.   驾驶汽车的人

3.pedestrian  n.   行人

4.*chip  n.   集成电路片,硅片

5.ambassador  n.   大使

6.interpreter  n.   译员,口译者

7.*carbon monoxide   一氧化碳                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

8.motor adj.       机动车辆的

n.   马达,发动机

9.*tunnel  n.   地道;隧道

10.air hostess   空中小姐

11.centigrade n.   摄氏(度)

12.northwest n.   西北,西北方

13.southeast n.   东南,东南方

14.jam  n.   阻塞,拥挤                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

15.ferry  n.       渡船

16.minibus  n.   小巴

17.plus prep.   加,加上

18.solar adj.   太阳的,太阳光的

19.traffic jam   交通阻塞,塞车

20.per adj.   每,每一

21.non­smoking adj.   禁止吸烟的                          

2

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第四屏听写] 

1.actually adv.       实际地,真实地

2.benefit vi. & n.   得益;好处

3.flat_adj.   平的

4.therefore adv.   所以,因此

5.convenient_ adj.   方便的,便利的 

6.parking_ n.   停车场

7.convenience  n.   方便,便利

8.hopeful adj.   (人)抱有希望的                          

 

[第五屏听写] 

9.neighbourhood_ n.     街坊;邻近地区 

10.wherever_conj.   无论在何处,无论到哪里 

11.thief_ n.   贼,小偷

12.insert vt.   插入,嵌入

13.indeed_adv.   当然,确实

14.fed_up   不愉快的,厌烦的

15.consequence_  n.   后果,结果

16.arrest_vt.   逮捕,拘留                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

17.bone_ n.        骨头

18.work_out   锻炼身体,做运动

19.argue_ vi.   争辩,争吵

20.baggage_ n.   行李

21.platform  n.   站台,月台

22.belt_ n.   带子

23.sensitive adj.   善解人意的;敏感的

24.grey_ adj.   灰色的,灰白的                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

25.gentle_ adj.      和善的,温和的

26.fierce_adj.   凶狠的,凶恶的

27.vocabulary  n.   词汇;词汇量 

28.schedule  n.   时间表;进度表

29.timetable  n.   时间表

30.foolish adj.   愚蠢的

31.responsibility_ n.   责任,负责,职责

32.rely_on   依赖,依靠                          

 

[第八屏听写] 

33.hostess  n.       女主人

34.case n.   大箱子

35.suitcase  n.   手提箱,皮箱

36.pull_up   (车辆)停止,停车

37.pull_out   (火车)驶离车站,出站

38.content  n.   容纳的东西;目录

39.petrol  n. (英)汽油

40.gas  n.   气体;煤气;汽油                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

41.racer  n.        赛车手

42.sunlight  n. 阳光,日光

43.kindergarten  n.   幼儿园

44.take_place   举行;发生

45.chapter  n.   章节

46.impression_ n.   印象,感觉

47.reliable adj.   可靠的

48.golf_ n.   高尔夫球(运动)                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

49.operator  n.      操作人员,接线员

50.appreciate_vt.   感谢;欣赏

51.essay  n.   散文

52.shopping  n.   购物

53.highway_ n.   公路

54.construction_ n.   建筑;建筑物

55.pavement_ n.   人行道

56.crossroads n.   十字路口

57.amount  n.   数量                          

 

[第十一屏听写] 

58.physical_adj.       身体的;物质的

59.figure  n.   数字,数目

60.go_up   上升

61.engine_ n.   发动机,引擎

62.admit_ vt.   承认,供认

63.addicted_(to)_ adj.   沉溺于……的

64.on_average   平均;通常

65.occupy vt.   占用(空间、面积、时间等)                          

[第十二屏听写] 

66.somehow adv.       以某种方式

67.whichever_pron.   无论哪个

68.suit_vt.   适合

69.damage_ vt. & n.   损害,损失

70.nowhere adv.   无处,任何地方都不

71.crossing  n.   交叉路口,人行横道

72.frequent_adj.   时常发生的

73.fare  n.   票价,车费

74.so_far   迄今为止                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.cyclist n.骑自行车的人

2.motorist n.  驾驶汽车的人

3.pedestrian n.  行人

4.chip n.  集成电路片,硅片

5.ambassador n.  大使

6.interpreter n.译员,口译者

7.southeast n.  东南,东南方

8.jam n.  阻塞,拥挤

9.traffic jam  交通阻塞,塞车

10.minibus n.  小巴

11.plus prep. 加,加上

12.solar adj.  太阳的,太阳光的

13.ferry n.  渡船

14.per adj.  每,每一

15.non­smoking adj.  禁止吸烟的

表达单词 1.therefore adv.  所以,因此

2.arrest vt.  逮捕,拘留

3.thief n.  贼,小偷

4.insert vt.  插入,嵌入

5.platform n.  站台,月台

6.gentle adj.  和善的,温和的

7.fierce_adj.  凶狠的,凶恶的

8.vocabulary n.  词汇;词汇量 

9.schedule_n.  时间表;进度表

10.timetable n.  时间表

11.foolish adj.  愚蠢的

12.hostess_n.  女主人

13.crossing n.  交叉路口,人行横道

14.content_n.  容纳的东西;目录

15.amount_n.  数量

16.physical adj.  身体的;物质的

17.figure_n.  数字,数目

18.engine n.  发动机,引擎

19.whichever pron.  无论哪个

20.damage_ vt.&n.  损害,损失 [语境活用]

1.The police acknowledged that three police vehicles were damaged (损害).

2.I wondered whether he had already known the contents (内容) of my telegram.

3.Therefore (因此), I am responsible for myself and for everyone else.

4.He took a small key from his pocket and slowly inserted (插入) it into the lock.

5.She has a large English vocabulary (词汇量) at command.

6.The task will be finished ahead of schedule (进度表) if nothing prevents.

7.New government figures (数字) predict that one in two marriages will end in divorce. 

8.A man has been arrested (逮捕) in connection with the robbery.

9.Every time I try to start the engine (发动机), there's a strange knocking sound.

10.Bill was doing a lot of physical (身体的) exercise to build up his strength.

拓展单词 1.convenient adj.方便的,便利的→convenience n.方便,便利

2.argue vi.争辩,争吵→argument n.理由;依据;争论,争辩

3.sensitive adj.敏感的;善解人意的→sense n.感觉

4.responsibility n.负责,责任,职责→responsible adj.负责的→response n.反应

5.impression n.印象,感觉→impress vt.给某人留下深刻印象,使铭记→impressive adj.令人印象深刻的;感人的

6.reliable adj.可靠的→rely vi.依靠,依赖

7.appreciate vt.欣赏;感谢→appreciation n.感激,评价

8.addicted adj.沉溺于……的→addict vi. & n.使沉溺,使上瘾;瘾君子→addiction n.瘾,沉溺,癖好→addictive adj.上瘾的

9.occupy vt.占用;担任→occupation n.职业

10.suit vt.适合→suitable adj.适合的

11.hopeful adj.(人)抱有希望的→hopefully adv.有希望地→hope vt.希望

12.benefit vi.& n.得益;好处→beneficial adj.有好处的

13.actually adv.实际地,真实地→actual adj.实际的 [语境活用]

1.Tom's parents are worried that he is addicted to the computer games which are addictive to children.(addict)

2.He has a decent occupation and occupies an important position in the company.(occupy)

3.Nowadays we rely increasingly on computers for help so your software must be reliable.(rely)

4.My house is in a convenient place — near the station; please come to me at your earliest convenience.(convenient)

5.Do you ever argue with your family about which TV programme to watch?Last night, my parents and I had a huge argument,_and I was really upset about it.(argue)

6.As we all know, fresh air is beneficial to our health and the new park benefits us all, so we should keep it clean.(benefit)

7.So charming are the sights of Jiuzhaigou that they leave a deep impression on visitors from home and abroad. To tell you the truth, I am deeply impressed by its beautiful scenery.(impress)

8.We'll be responsible for your safety and you need to take responsibility for your actions.(responsible)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.fed_up    不愉快的,厌烦的

2.work_out  做运动,锻炼身体;制订出

3.thanks_to  由于,因为

4.pull_up  (车辆)停止,停车

5.pull_out  (火车)驶离车站,出站

6.so_far  迄今为止

7.take_place  发生;举行

8.go_up  上升

9.take_part_in  参加

10.take_action  采取行动

11.rely_on  依赖,依靠

12.be_addicted_to  沉溺于

13.on_average  通常;平均

14.compared_to  与……相比

15.be_related_to  与……有关 1.On_average,_I spend 100 yuan on books each month.

2.So_far I haven't had any success. However, I'll keep trying.

3.The prices of many goods have been going_up so that many families live a hard life.

4.The driver had to pull_up his taxi when he saw the traffic light turned red.

5.When you began to work you might work_out a practical scheme.

6.Just before we arrived at the station, the train to Xi'an pulled_out and soon disappeared in the distance.

7.Now that you are grown­up, you should not rely_on your parents.

8.Fire will take_place if the gases hydrogen and oxygen are mixed and lighted.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.Wherever someone finished a journey they would leave the bike there for someone else to use.

无论人们在哪里骑完一段路程,他们就把那辆自行车放到那里,以便别人能够使用。 wherever在句中引导地点状语从句。 无论他走到哪里,总有许多“粉丝”等着见他。

Wherever_he_goes,_there are crowds of fans waiting to see him.

2.How often do we arrive at work or school stressed out, tired and angry?

有多少次我们是在极度焦虑、疲惫、恼怒的状态下到达办公室或学校的? 过去分词或形容词(短语)作状语。 那些游客们回到宾馆,又累又困。

Those travelers returned to the hotel, tired_and_sleepy.

3.But anger and stress are nothing compared to the real costs of the motor car.

但是比起汽车的实际代价,恼怒和紧张还是微不足道的。 compared to ... 在句中作状语,意为“与……相比”。 和美国文化相比,中国文化有着更为悠久的历史。

Compared_to_American_culture,_Chinese culture has a longer history.

4.In conclusion, on the one hand Ludford is an attractive town with good shops and many places of interest. On the other hand, the local governments need to do something to control the traffic which passes through the town.

总之,一方面,路孚德是一个有着优良商店和众多名胜的迷人小镇。另一方面,当地政府有必要采取措施来控制途经镇区的车辆。 on (the) one hand ... on the other (hand) ...“一方面……另一方面……”。 (四川高考满分作文)一方面,我坚信会在考试中做得很好;另一方面,虽然不难,我仍感觉有点紧张。

On_(the)_one_hand,_I have strong belief that I will do well in the exam; on_the_other_hand,_I feel a bit nervous, though it's not difficult.

5.Before 1908, when Ford's cars became available to the public, it was only the very rich who could afford to own a car.

1908年福特汽车问世以前,只有非常有钱的人才能买得起汽车。 “It was ... who/that ...” 为强调句型。 (2015·湖南高考满分作文)结果,是他的鼓励促成了我的成功。

As a result, it_was_his_encouragement_that_led to my success.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.course n.  课程;学科

2.do_some_research  做些研究

3.dress_up_as_..._  化装成……

4.during_one's_life_time  在某人的一生中

5.crispy adj.  脆的;酥脆的

6.curly adj.  卷曲的 1.take_one's_temperature  量体温

2.have_a_fever  发烧

3.have_a_headache  头疼

4.have_a_cold  感冒

5.put some medicine on  在……上面敷药

6.badly ill  病得很严重 1.提出建议:

What/How about ...?

Could you please do ...?

Why not do ...?

Would you mind doing ...?

2.hot tea with honey

加蜂蜜的热茶

3.today's newspaper

今天的报纸

 

 

 

一、过重点单词——

 

1.benefit v.& n.得益,好处;有益于

[教材原句] People have been enjoying the benefits of cycling in Amsterdam for years.

多年来阿姆斯特丹的人们一直享受着骑自行车的好处。

(1)benefit sb.          使某人受益

benefit from/by ...   从……中受益

(2)be of (great) benefit (to ...)   (对)……(大)有裨益

for the benefit of ...   为了……的利益

get benefit from ...   从……中受益

(3)beneficial adj.   有益的;受益的

be beneficial to sb.   对某人有益

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①As we all know, books are the source of knowledge, from which I benefit a lot.

②A stay in the country will be beneficial (benefit) to his health.

③The new regulations will be of benefit to everyone concerned.

句型转换

④I hope this holiday will be beneficial to you. 

→I hope this holiday will be of benefit to you.

完成句子

⑤If I am lucky enough to be elected, I will make every effort to serve_for_the_benefit_of_students_and_our_club. 

如果我有幸当选,我将尽最大努力为同学们和俱乐部的利益服务。

2.convenient adj.方便的,便利的

[教材原句] It is a good city for cycling because it is flat and therefore is convenient for bikes.

因为该市的平坦道路很适合骑自行车,所以骑自行车很方便。

(1)It is convenient for sb.to do sth. 做某事对某人来说方便  

(2)convenience n. [U]便利,方便

  [C]方便好用的东西

for convenience   为了方便起见

为了某人方便

at one's convenience   在某人方便的时候,在合适的时候

[题点全练] 单句语法填空/完成句子

①If you are interested, please send an application email at your earliest convenience.

②I bought this apartment for_convenience_(convenient), for it is very convenient for me to_take_(take) buses.

③We have provided seats for_the_convenience_of our customers.

为了方便顾客我们备有座位。

④We hope that you will accept our invitation if_it_is_convenient_for_you.

如果你方便的话,我希望你能接受我们的邀请。

3.argue vi.争辩,争吵 vt.坚决主张,提出理由证明;说服,劝说

[高考佳句] Some argued that attention should be paid to our heavy road traffic.(2015·江苏高考书面表达) 

一些人认为应该多注意我们拥堵的道路交通。

(1)argue with sb. about/over sth.  就某事与某人争论

argue that ...      主张/认为……

argue for/against ...   为赞成/反对……而辩论

argue sb.into doing sth.   说服某人做某事

argue sb.out of doing sth.   说服某人不做某事

(2)argument n.   争论,辩论;论据,论点,理由

have an argument

beyond argument       无需争论

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①As far as I know, they argue for the right to vote.

②I argue that every one of us (should)_try (try) our best to help those in need.

③He argued against smoking and insisted that it was beyond argument that smoking was harmful to health.

④When this happens, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument (argue).

完成句子

⑤The children are_arguing_with_their_parents_about/over where to spend their holiday.

孩子们正在与父母争论去哪里度假。

⑥We tried many ways to argue_him_into_accepting our advice, but in vain.

我们尝试了很多办法劝说他接受我们的建议,但都是徒然。

4.appreciate vt.欣赏,鉴赏;感激;理解,体会;感谢

[高考佳句] But there is something unclear for me, so I would appreciate it if you could give me more information.(2014·全国卷Ⅰ满分作文) 

但是我有一些不清楚的事情,所以如果你能给我更多的信息,我会很感激的。

(1)appreciate sth.        欣赏某物;感谢某事

appreciate (sb./sb.'s) doing sth.  感谢(某人)做某事

I would appreciate it if ...   如果……我将不胜感激

(2)appreciation n.   欣赏;感激

[题点全练] 单句语法填空/完成句子

①I'd appreciate your writing (write) me back as soon as possible.

②In this letter, I would like to convey my sincere appreciation (appreciate) to you for your assistance.

③I_would_appreciate_it_if you could give me such an opportunity to show my talent.

如果你给我这样一次机会展示才华我将感激不尽。 

④We appreciate_your_efforts for the development of company.

我们非常感谢你为公司的发展所做的努力。

[名师指津] appreciate表示“感激”时,后面要跟动词­ing形式作宾语,而且后面的宾语一般是事情或it,不跟sb.。appreciate sb.意为“重视,赏识某人”,如果表示“感激某人”用thank sb.。

5.amount n.数量,数目;总额

[高考佳句] Although the job takes a significant amount of time, most students agree that the experience is worth it.(2015·湖南高考)

尽管这项工作要花很长时间,但大多数学生认为这个经历很值得。

(1)a large/small amount of     大/少量的

large/small amounts of   大/少量的

in large amounts   大量地

(2)amount vi.   合计,共计

amount to   合计;共计;等同于

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①Consumers spending on sports­related items amounted_to_£9.75 billion.

②A huge amount of oil was (be) on the road yesterday, the effects of which are not clear. 

③English learning involves a large amount of_memory work.

④This type of TV has been sold_in_large/small amounts.

6.addicted adj.沉溺于……的;上瘾的

[教材原句] I admit: I'm addicted to my car.

我承认:我沉迷于汽车难以自拔。

(1)be/become/get addicted to 对……上瘾,沉溺于……(to是介词)

(2)addict vt.   使沉溺,沉溺于

 n.   瘾君子

addict oneself to   沉溺于……

(3)addictive adj.   使人上瘾的,使……入迷的

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①As far as I'm concerned, it's not wise for us to be addicted to playing (play) with smart phones because we may ignore other important things in life.

②Her son addicted himself to smoking, which had a bad effect on his health.

③I took up skiing a couple of years ago and I find it quite addictive (addict).

7.admit vt.承认,供认;准许……入内;准许……加入;可容纳

[经典例句] You may not like her, but you have to admit that she's good at her job.(朗文P24)

你也许不喜欢她,但你必须承认她胜任她的工作。

(1)admit (to) (doing) sth.    承认(做)某事

admit that ...   承认……

admit ... to be ...   承认……是……

admit sb./sth.into/to   允许某人/某物进入

(2)be admitted as   作为……被接受

be admitted to/into   加入;进入;被……录取

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Joe is stubborn, never admitting (admit) he is wrong and always looking for someone else to blame.

②The young man had to admit driving/having_driven (drive) without a driving permit.

单句改错

③He admitted us to enter the building.去掉enter

④He was admitted a member of the club.a前加as

完成句子

⑤The exams are likely to work out as expected and my_dream_to_be_admitted_to/into_my_favorite_university will come true. 

考试结果可能会正如所预料的那样,我被我最喜爱的大学录取的梦想将会成为现实。

⑥You must admit the task to_be_difficult.

你得承认这个任务是艰巨的。

[熟词生义] 读句子猜词义

⑦The dining hall to be completed next month can admit 1,000 students.容纳

8.occupy vt.居住;占用,使用;占领;使忙碌,使从事

[教材原句] On average, about forty people travel in one bus, while the same number occupy thirty­three cars.

平均而言,大约40人乘坐一辆公共汽车,而同样数量的人要占用33辆小轿车。

(1)occupy sb./oneself with sth./in doing sth.

使某人忙于某事

sb.be occupied with sth./in doing sth.  某人忙于某事

(2)occupation n.   占领;职业

[题点全练] 单句语法填空/句型转换

①I have been so occupied with work that I haven't had time for social activities.

②I suppose I was looking for an occupation (occupy) which was going to be an adventure.

③The workers occupied themselves in building new houses.

→The workers were occupied in building new houses.

④When I came in, he was being occupied with his housework.

→When I came in, he was occupying himself with his housework.

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Many towns have camping places for the convenience (convenient) of tourists.

2.We are always arguing with each other about money.

3.He would have attended your birthday party but he occupied himself with a very important experiment.

4.Parents must represent to their children the risk of getting addicted to the Internet.

5.Our football team decided to admit him to_be (be) one of the members.

6.It's best to buy vegetables in large amounts because they are cheaper now.

7.Another beneficial (benefit) aspect of group exercise is the informational support participants receive from the instructor.

8.Here I sincerely express my appreciation (appreciate) if you could help find the lost suitcase.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Addicting to playing the violin, he didn't find a thief walk into his house. Addicting→Addicted

2.At that time, small amounts of land was used for keeping animals. was→were

3.I appreciate given the opportunity to work in your company two years ago. given前加being

4.Some patients actual got worse after receiving the treatment. actual→actually

5.I'll visit you next weekend if it is convenient for you.for→to

6.I feel that I have benefited greatly to her wisdom.to→from

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Will it_be_convenient_for you to chat with me on the Internet tonight?

你今晚方便和我网上聊天吗?

2.Now many kids are_addicted_to_playing net games and eventually get their future ruined.

现在许多孩子都沉溺于网络游戏,最终会自毁前程。

3.I_would_appreciate_it_if you can give me some advice on how to solve these problems.

如果您能就如何解决这些问题给我一些建议,我将不胜感激。

4.You can also revise the knowledge at the same time and you are_sure_to_benefit_from_it.

与此同时你也复习了知识,你一定会从中获益。

二、过短语、句式——

1.work out锻炼身体,做运动;解决,解答;计算出;产生结果,发展;制订出

[经典例句] He works out with weights twice a week.(朗文P2658)

他每星期练两次举重。

[一词多义] 写出句中work out的含义

①The famous actor keeps fit by working out for an hour every morning.锻炼身体

②Neither the teacher nor his students know how to work out the problem.解决,解答

③The area can be easily worked out if you know the length and the width.计算出

④The research centre worked out a new plan and decided to carry it out immediately.制订出

⑤You can't predict everything. Often things don't work out as you expect.产生结果

[归纳拓展]

work on       从事……,继续……

work at   从事/致力于……

out of work   失业

at work   在工作;在干活

 

Scientists are still working on inventing methods of reaching outer space.

科学家们仍致力于发明到达外太空的方法。

He has been out of work for two months.

他已经失业两个月了。

[名师指津] work out作“解决;制订出”讲时,是及物动词短语,可以带宾语;作“锻炼;产生结果”时,为不及物动词短语,没有被动形式。

2.rely on依赖,依靠;指望

[经典例句] As babies, we rely entirely on others for food.(牛津P1462)

在婴儿时期,我们完全依赖别人喂食。

rely on/upon sb./sth.      依靠某人/某物

rely on/upon sb.to do/doing sth.   依靠/指望某人做某事

rely on/upon sb.for sth.   因某事依赖某人

rely on/upon it that ...   相信……;指望……

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①You may rely on it_that the work will be finished ahead of time.

②Many people now would rely on surfing (surf) the Internet rather than read newspaper for news.

③You can't just rely on your parents lending/to_lend (lend) you the money.

完成句子

④Nowadays parents have done everything for their single children, which makes_the_children_rely_on_their_parents badly.

当今,父母为他们的独生子女做所有的事情,这使得这些独生子女非常依赖于父母。

3.pull up (车辆)停止,停车;拔出;提高,改进;责怪

[教材原句] She pulled up suddenly at the traffic lights.

她突然把车停在交通灯附近。

[归纳拓展]

①pull down   拉下(遮帘、帘子等);拆毁,拆掉(建筑物)

②pull off   (费力气)脱掉(衣服)

③pull out   驶出

④pull through   渡过难关,摆脱危险

[应用领悟]

①Everyone was very concerned whether he would pull through or not.

每个人都很关心他是否能痊愈。

②The father saw the train his son was on pull out, with his eyes full of tears.

那位父亲眼含泪水看着载着他儿子的火车驶出站。

③Whether the buildings in this area should be pulled down has remained controversial; people are still looking for other possible solutions.

这个地区的建筑物是否需要拆毁还存在争议,人们仍旧在寻找着其他可能的解决方法。

4.形容词短语作状语

How often do we arrive at work or school stressed_out,_tired_and_angry?

有多少次我们是在极度焦虑、疲惫、恼怒的状态下到达办公室或学校的?

 

(1)形容词短语stressed out, tired and angry在句中作状语,说明谓语动词arrive发生时主语所处的状态。

(2)形容词(短语)作状语在句中还可以表示行为方式、伴随状况、原因、时间或条件等。

(3)形容词(短语)作状语时往往与主句之间用逗号隔开。

(4)如果用来修饰句子的谓语动词或整个句子,则应用副词作状语。

①Surprised (surprise) and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize.

又惊又喜,托尼站起来接受了奖品。

②One woman was lying in bed, awake,_listening to the rushing winds.

一位妇女躺在床上,没有睡着,听着那急促的风声。

③When it was his turn to deliver his speech, he walked towards the microphone, nervous_and_embarrassed.

当轮到他发表演讲时,他走到了麦克风前,紧张又尴尬。

④He was robbed last night, but fortunately (fortunate) he didn't have much money on him then.

他昨晚被抢劫了,但幸运的是,那时他身上没有多少钱。

5.强调句型

Before 1908, when Ford's cars became available to the public, it_was only the very rich who could afford to own a car.

1908年福特汽车问世以前,只有非常有钱的人才能买得起汽车。

 

(1)强调句式的构成:It is/was+被强调部分+that/who ...,当被强调的部分为主语时,句子的谓语动词与被强调的主语保持一致。

(2)强调句的一般疑问句:Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who ...?

(3)强调句的特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+is/was it+that/who ...?

(4)对“not ... until ...”进行强调时,应使用句型“It is/was not until ... that ...”。若not until ... 置于句首时,句子要倒装。

①You are waiting at a wrong place. It is at the hotel that the coach picks up tourists.

你等错地方了。长途公共汽车是在旅馆接游客的。

②Was it because Jack came late for school that Mr Smith got angry?

是因为杰克上学迟到史密斯先生才生气的吗?

③What_was_it_that prevented him from coming in time?

是什么使得他没及时来到?

④It was not_until_all_the_fish_in_the_river_died_out_that they realized the importance of environmental protection.

直到河里所有的鱼都死光了,他们才意识到环保是多么重要。 

[名师指津] (1)强调句型通常用来强调句子的主语、宾语、状语等,不能强调谓语。对句子的谓语动词强调时用“do/does/did+动词原形”。

(2)判断句子是否为强调句型的方法:把it is/was和that/who去掉,再把被强调部分归位到它本来的位置,句子完整,则为强调句。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Helpless (help), we watched the house being destroyed before our eyes.

2.These athletes work out_at the gym for two hours every day.

3.With these kind neighbors' help, the poor family managed to pull through the starvation.

4.What was it that made his parents so happy?

5.Don't rely on going (go) abroad for a holiday. We can't afford it.

6.Compared (compare) to the West, people in the East place much importance on family.

7.Thanks to your help, I can finish the work on time.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.You can rely on that it will rain this weekend.on后加it

2.It was 8:00 that he telephoned me and told me the news.that→when或was后加at

3.Exhausting, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.Exhausting→Exhausted

4.It was not until he came back which we got the news.which→that

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Don't rely_on_him_to_do/doing_anything — he's just a talker.

不要什么事都依靠他——他只是个空谈家。

2.He went to bed, cold_and_hungry.

他又冷又饿地上床睡觉了。

3.Wherever_he_goes,_he can accommodate himself to new circumstances.

无论走到哪里他都能适应新环境。

4.It_was_not_until_last_Friday_that he finished reading the book.

直到上周五他才看完这本书。

三、过语法、写作——

 

(一)单元小语法

  ——现在完成进行时和现在完成时

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.You should go to bed. You have_been_watching (watch) TV for five hours.

2.I have_been_cleaning (clean) the windows since this morning.

3.The little boy is dirty from head to foot because he has_been_playing (play) in the mud all morning.

4.The paper boat has_been_floating (float) on the water for two hours.

5.He has_been_living/lived (live) there since 2016.

6.Where have you been? We have_been_looking (look) for you everywhere.

7.I'm pleased he's got his promotion. He has_waited (wait) a long time for it.

8.She has_lost (lose) her keys. She can't find them anywhere.

9.By the time he realizes he has_walked (walk) into a trap, it'll be too late for him to do anything about it.

10.I have_cut (cut) up all the meat. What shall I do now?

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.She has gone to Beijing several times. gone→been

2.This is the first time I had been here.had→have或is→was

3.I haven't seen her since two months.months后加ago

4.He hasn't got much hair. He has been losing it when he was only thirty.when→since

5.I taught English in this school since I graduated. 第一个I_后加have

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.She has_always_been_working_hard.

她工作一直很努力。

2.My sister has_been_learning_English since 2016.

自从2016年以来,我姐姐一直在学英语。

3.He hasn't_been_using_the_car_for the last two months.

过去两个月他一直没用车。

4.Her eyes are red. It's obvious that she has_been_crying for a long time.

她的眼睛红红的,显然哭了很长时间。

5.Your clothes are covered with dust. You have_been_cleaning_the_classroom,_I think.

你的衣服满是灰尘,我想你刚才在打扫教室吧。

 

(二)课堂微写作

  练补写——让行文更条理

 

[题目要求]

上周,机器人巡展在市展览馆隆重举行,学校组织大家到展览馆进行了参观。请将此次参观经历写成100词左右的作文。

[补写提示] 请按提示线索补写下列习作的中间段落

Last week, we paid a visit to the exhibition hall in our city,看到各种各样的机器人→新型的家居机器人、陪护机器人、教育机器人→机器人的活动→看了两场机器人的精彩表演。

This visit not only broadened our horizons, but also aroused our interest in science.

[答案示例]

Last week, we paid a visit to the exhibition hall in our city, where we saw a variety of robots. The robots on display were in different sizes and shapes. We saw some new types of robots which we hadn't seen before, such as household robots, nursing robots and educational robots. Some robots could do a great number of things just like human beings, including playing chess, playing table tennis, playing the piano and drawing pictures. In addition, we watched two wonderful performances given by robots.

This visit not only broadened our horizons, but also aroused our interest in science.

 

 

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

How to Save Money to Visit Shanghai Disneyland

The “happiest place on earth” is a top destination on many families' bucket lists.But taking a vacation to Disney World can be difficult to do on budget.There are some considerations that you can make to reduce the cost of your Disney World vacation.

1.Come Prepared

Plan ahead so that you don't have to purchase a necessity at Disneyland that you could have brought from home.For example, check the weather so that you don't need to buy a rain poncho or an umbrella.

2.Buy Souvenirs in Advance

Disney has influenced practically every industry, which makes it easy to find Disney items anywhere, from Walmart, Target, and your local grocery stores to department stores and Amazon.You can save a lot of money by purchasing items before your trip at these less expensive places than at Disneyland.

3.Make an Autograph Book

An autograph book is seen as a must­have by many Disneyland enthusiasts and is a memory you can take home with you.These books can cost anywhere from $7.95 to $19.95 at the Disney Store and up to $30 for the latest­and­greatest autograph book at Disneyland, such as the park's 60th anniversary edition.Other choices can get the job done for under $5.For example, you can buy a small photo album, cute pads or notebooks.

4.Take Advantage of Discounts Offered to Special Groups

Disney offers a wide variety of discounts, including for military service members, college students, teachers, and youth groups.If you think you might qualify for a special discount or group rate, call the Disneyland Resort to book tickets.

语篇解读:迪士尼乐园被许多家庭都列为一家人最想去的地方。然而,怎样在享受迪士尼乐园之旅的同时节省开支呢?本文给我们提出了一些实用的建议。

21.It may take you more money to buy souvenirs at________.

A.Amazon        B.department stores

C.Walmart  D.Disneyland

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据Buy Souvenirs in Advance部分的“You can save a lot of money by purchasing items before your trip at these less expensive places than at Disneyland.”可知,在迪士尼乐园里面买纪念品价格更高。

22.How much do you pay for the park's 60th anniversary autograph book?

A.$30.  B.$19.95.

C.$7.95.  D.$5.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据Make an Autograph Book部分的“... at the Disney Store and up to $30 for the latest­and­greatest autograph book at Disneyland, such as the park's 60th anniversary edition.”可知,迪士尼乐园的60周年纪念版签名簿可以卖到30美元。故选A项。

23.Who can't enjoy the low­priced tickets?

A.All the college students.

B.All the young people.

C.All the teachers.

D.All the military service members.

解析:选B 推理判断题。由最后一部分的“Disney offers a wide variety of discounts, including for military service members, college students, teachers, and youth groups.”可知,军人、大学生、教师以及青年团队可以享受优惠;再结合后面的group rate可知,青年团队属于团队优惠,所以不是所有年轻人都可享受优惠。故选B项。

B

(2018·重庆市九校联考)Frida Kahlo was born on July 6, 1907, in Mexico City. Kahlo suffered from ill health as a child after catching polio (小儿麻痹症) at age 6, which made her right leg shorter and thinner than the left.

Before her painting career, she aimed for a career in natural sciences, but her dreams were ruined by a serious accident, which caused her pain and illness for the rest of her life. She was paralyzed (瘫痪) for three months, alone and lonely.

Armed with a few brushes, a range of oil paints and a special easel (画架) that allowed her to paint while still in bed, she created some beautiful pieces. Her artwork is sought after by fans and art collectors for high prices, the highest being eight million.

Kahlo married Diego Rivera, a famous Mexican artist. They once divorced in 1939, but remarried in 1940.

Frida Kahlo once said, “I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality.” This perfectly describes her painting style, one drawn from her personal pain and tragedies. She is a self­taught artist known for her self­portraits (自画像).

Mexican culture and tradition was something very important to her, evident in many of her paintings. Aside from her strong sense of Mexican pride, various references to religion were also included.

Frida Kahlo's self­portrait, Girl with Necklace, has resurfaced after 60 years of it being hidden from the public eye. This discovery of Kahlo's painting is significant, as only ten percent of her work is available in America due to complex and strict export laws in Mexico. Her works are declared as “artistic monuments” by the Mexican president and any works painted in Mexico must remain in Mexico. These strict laws have produced many fakes of Kahlo's work.

Frida Kahlo's legacy lives on till this day, for being not only a well­known female artist of color, but also a breaker of cultural and societal barriers.

 

24.What caused Kahlo to begin painting?

A.Her love for painting.

B.Her love of natural scenery.

C.Her pain and loneliness in bed.

D.Her desire to make more money.

解析:选C 推理判断题。结合文章第二、三段中的“She was paralyzed (瘫痪) for three months, alone and lonely”和“Armed with a few brushes ... that allowed her to paint while still in bed, she created some beautiful pieces”可以推断,弗里达在病床上用绘画来转移注意力。

25.What style are Kahlo's paintings?

A.Realistic.  B.Romantic.

C.Abstract.  D.Impressionistic.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第五段中弗里达所说的话“I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality”以及作者对此的评论“This perfectly describes her painting style”可知,弗里达的绘画属于现实主义流派。

26.Why is the discovery of Girl with Necklace important?

A.There are a lot of fakes.

B.It is the only portrait of Kahlo.

C.Kahlo's paintings are rare in America.

D.It is regarded as the “artistic monument”.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的“This discovery of Kahlo's painting is significant, as only ten percent of her work is available in America”可知弗里达的绘画作品在美国留存的数量很少,因此Girl with Necklace的发现非常重要。

27.Which of the following best describes Kahlo?

A.Talented but unlucky.

B.Brave but self­centered.

C.Optimistic and conservative.

D.Ambitious and sensitive.

解析:选A 推理判断题。弗里达一生深受病痛的折磨,但她靠自学成为墨西哥最受欢迎的女画家,由此可见,弗里达是一个有天赋但不幸的人。

C

Who could have imagined that a treadmill on wheels would one day go somewhere? The Lopifit is an unusual means of transportation that allows you to power an electric bicycle by walking on a treadmill.

Bruin Bergmeester, the founder of the Lopifit says it all started when he asked himself the question “How can I use the treadmill outdoors?” He eventually came up with a functional design, added an electric engine, and the Lopifit was made. It's similar to an electric bicycle in that the motor only engages when the rider puts power in as well.

To use the Lopifit, simply turn on the battery and use your foot to slide the treadmill backwards and activate the motor. Then get on and enjoy the ride! If you need speed, just walk on the treadmill, and if you want to coast, all you have to do is stay still and admire the view. To stop, you have two hand brakes. The right lever stops the motor assist and activates a rear disc brake, while the left one stops the treadmill itself, so you can go from motor assist to coasting.

The Lopifit first hit the streets in 2014 and, unsurprisingly, became an instant hit. That was actually quite challenging for the company, because it started getting inquiries and calls for orders, but it was nowhere near ready for mass production. The unique treadmill bicycle became available this year, and the Lopifit is struggling to keep up with demand, despite the high price tag of $2,115.

But despite having a very loyal fan­base of so­called Lopifitters, the ingenious means of transportation also has naysayers who simply consider the concept stupid and unnecessary. They basically believe that if you're going to walk, you might as well do it the old fashioned way. But the Lopifit does have the unique advantage of helping you “walk” really fast without breaking a sweat, or walking at cycling speed, if you will.

语篇解读:本文是说明文。跑步机也能成为一种交通工具吗?多亏了Lopifit的创始人Bruin Bergmeester的脑洞,这已经成为现实。

28.What can you do with the help of the Lopifit?

A.Answer some hard questions.

B.Add power to your bicycle.

C.Create a treadmill on wheels.

D.Cycle to work by walking.

解析:选D 细节理解题。第一段告诉我们电动自行车Lopifit是一款与众不同的交通工具,你可以通过在跑步机行走来为它充电,故选择D项。

29.What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

A.How the Lopifit was born.

B.Where the Lopifit can be used.

C.Who the Lopifit was intended for.

D.Which design is suitable for the Lopifit.

解析:选A 段落大意题。根据第二段中的“it all started when he asked himself the question ‘How can I use the treadmill outdoors?’ He eventually came up with a functional design”可知,该段主要讲述了Lopifit的诞生。

30.Which of the following is TRUE about using the Lopifit?

A.The right lever can stop the Lopifit's treadmill.

B.The left lever can control the Lopifit's rear disc brake.

C.The right lever can make the Lopifit's motor stop working.

D.Your foot can help the Lopifit go from motor assist to coasting.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“The right lever stops the motor assist and activates a rear disc brake”可知选C项。

31.According to Paragraph 4, we know that the Lopifit ________.

A.was hard to design

B.was cheap and available in 2014

C.always broke down on the streets

D.couldn't meet customers' demands

解析:选D 推理判断题。根据第四段中的“That was actually quite challenging for the company, because it started getting inquiries and calls for orders, but it was nowhere near ready for mass production”可知,2014年Lopifit首次出街便火速蹿红。这对Lopifit公司来说是一个很大的考验,因为他们还没有做好大规模生产的准备,就开始收到咨询和订购需求。

D

(2018·安徽省无为中学模拟)When it comes to human behaviour, the brain is shown to have two different approaches to thinking. A common thought process is the automatic and fast approach which helps us to react quickly in dangerous situations. This is known as system 1  and dates back to the times of our prehistoric ancestors, who lived with a natural awareness of the dangers around them — bad weather and threatening animals. Nowadays, we still have the ability to react so rapidly and naturally to situations that it can feel like you're not thinking at all. Have you ever found yourself giving in to temptation and unable to say “no” to buying that new jacket in the window? This is because system 1 is in control — a human characteristic which the world of advertising likes to make the most of!

System 2 is the opposite. It's a slow thought process that requires us to pay attention and concentrate, for example, when doing a complex mathematical sum. This way of thinking helps us to make sensible long­term decisions. The problem is that system 2 often starts to feel boring and so system 1takes over. How often have you put down your homework or put off doing important jobs to go on Facebook or watch a TV soap?

We like to think that we go through life mainly using system 2. As individuals, we are in control, always taking sensible and logical decisions. System 1 type thoughts are reserved for special occasions when we can afford to relax a little — on holiday perhaps. However, the former plays more of a secondary role in our lives, with the latter taking the main stage.

Sometimes it's system 1 that makes the right decision but system 2 that gets it wrong. For example, professional sports teams put a lot of effort into a game plan but often it's the unconscious human wish to do something differently that leads to a spectacular goal. This can also lead to the common mistaken idea that your successful decisions demonstrate your skill and talent, when in fact they were just luck.

 

32.According to the text, modern advertising succeeds by ________.

A.exciting our natural desires

B.taking advantage of our fears

C.causing us to react in a safe way

D.studying the prehistoric human mind

解析:选A 推理判断题。由第一段中的“giving in to temptation”及“a human characteristic”等可推知,商家正是利用激发人类天生的欲望来打广告的。

33.What is system 2 good for?

A.Coming up with creative ideas.

B.Concentrating for long periods.

C.Performing difficult mental tasks.

D.Doing several tasks at the same time.

解析:选C 推理判断题。由第二段中的“doing a complex mathematical sum”可推知,system 2思维模式有利于人类做复杂的脑力工作。

34.What does “This” in the last paragraph refer to?

A.An unexpected sports win.

B.A sudden change of action.

C.An unconscious mistake.

D.A mature plan.

解析:选A 代词指代题。This指代的是前文提到的精彩的进球,也就是临时的人为决定带来的意外胜利。

35.What's the text mainly about?

A.How to make sensible decisions.

B.What controls our mind.

C.Two systems of thought.

D.Human characteristics.

解析:选C 主旨大意题。全文用对比的手法介绍了人类的两种思维模式各自的作用、优劣及相互关系,故选C项。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

Friendship, do you value?

Friendship is a gift of God. But it may be taken for granted in some cases and not valued. __36__ Say one has no child even after many years of marriage and the other has many children, more than they can manage. What do you think? Will the couple with many children value the children as much as the couple which has none? Everything is relative in life. We value what we don't have and give less value to what is freely available to us. __37__

Why should we value friendships? What qualities does a good friend bring to our relationship that makes the friendship so valuable? Let us examine some of these.

Judgment — A good friend is rarely judgmental. We can be open in our behavior with our good friends because we know that they will not judge us. __38__ With other people our actions and behavior are always calculated and guarded and that takes away lots of pleasure from our life.

Share sorrow and losses — A friend can be depended upon to share all our problems and sorrows. __39__ Once I saw the image of a man left alone in a village after an earthquake. The whole village got killed except this man. With whom, will this man share his sorrow? A friend gives us this gift.

Hope — During our times of trouble, only a friend comes forward and gives us encouragement and hope. __40__

A.This is no small gift of friendship.

B.Friendship is one such relationship.

C.It is similar to a case of two couples.

D.Some of us are blessed with good friends.

E.We can enjoy this freedom only with good friends.

F.With that inspiration, we regain confidence in ourselves.

G.This sharing may not reduce the loss but helps us unburden ourselves.

 

36.解析:选C 由本空前面的“it may be taken for granted in some cases”可锁定C项中的a case,而后面的具体事例与两对夫妇有关,故C项符合语境。

37.解析:选B 选项B起承上启下的作用。本空前面说“我们珍惜那些自己得不到的而忽视那些容易得到的”,后面又对为什么要珍惜友谊提出设问,根据此语境可知选B项“友谊就是这样一种关系”。

38.解析:选E 根据本空前面的“好朋友不会评判我们”以及后面的“和别人在一起时,我们的行为会被算计和提防,因此失去了很多生活的乐趣”可知,只有和好朋友在一起时,我们才能享受这种做自己的自由。

39.解析:选G 本段主要论述了“分享”的意义。本空后面的例子论证了不能分享的痛苦,故此处应该是承接上文进一步说明“分享”的好处。G项中的This sharing指代上句中的“Share sorrow and losses”及“share all our problems and sorrows”。

40.解析:选F F项中的inspiration与前面的encouragement相呼应,说明正是朋友的鼓励使我们重拾自信。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·东北育才学校模拟)On Sunday, Samuel Flores noticed a dog standing on the pavement carefully watching over the __41__ body of another dog. He called the local animal rescue association for __42__ and was soon joined by the organization's founder Julie Fennell. Fennell __43__ approached the dog. __44__ he initially resisted, the dog appeared to __45__ they were trying to help and finally agreed to get into Fennell's car. __46__, even as Fennell was taking him to the __47__, he kept looking through the window toward where his companion had been __48__. The poor dog, of course, had no idea that the team had __49__ his dead friend as well.

Since the dog did not have a collar or planted microchip, it took some time for the rescue shelter to locate its __50__. At the same time, though, __51__ the moving picture of the dog __52__ his friend that Flores posted on his social media pages, the animal shelter was flooded with __53__ from people wishing to adopt the __54__ dog.

Fortunately, they were able to locate its __55__ owners who had been searching for these two dogs, Brian and Marley. Fennell says that __56__ the trail of blood on the road, Marley had most likely been hit by a car. She believes that Brian had not only dragged his friend to the __57__, but also, patiently stood guard for almost six hours.

Though Brian has been __58__ with his owners, the shelter has many dogs that are __59__ looking for good homes. The shelter's officials hope that this story will __60__ more people to adopt these animals.

 

41.A.relaxed         B.lifeless

C.disabled  D.powerful

解析:选B 根据本段末尾的“dead friend”可知这只小狗的同伴已经去世,故它在认真守护着的是一具“无生命的(lifeless)”尸体。

42.A.help  B.advice

C.adoption  D.information

解析:选A 根据该空后的“joined by the organization's founder”可知,Samuel给动物收容所打电话是为了寻求“帮助(help)”。

43.A.eagerly  B.bravely

C.cautiously  D.nervously

解析:选C 接近不熟悉的动物时要“谨慎(cautiously)”,这是常识,专业人员当然不会不知道。

44.A.If  B.When

C.Because  D.Though

解析:选D 最初的“反抗”和最后的“同意上车”之间是转折关系,故此处填转折连词Though。

45.A.expect  B.realize

C.wonder  D.imagine

解析:选B 根据该空后面的“finally agreed to get into Fennell's car”可以推知,小狗好像“意识到(realize)”他们在尽力帮它。

46.A.However  B.Therefore

C.Moreover  D.Otherwise

解析:选A 小狗最后同意上车了,“然而(However)”,当汽车离去时,它一直透过窗户看同伴所在的地方。

47.A.car  B.home

C.shelter  D.hospital

解析:选C 根据下文中的“it took some time for the rescue shelter to locate its ...”可知小狗被送到了动物“收容所(shelter)”。

48.A.lying  B.watching

C.sleeping  D.standing

解析:选A 小狗的同伴已经去世了,所以应该是“躺(lying)”在那里。

49.A.picked up  B.gone after

C.sent away  D.thrown away

解析:选A 根据本句最后的“as well”可知,死去的小狗也被“捡起来了(picked up)”。

50.A.buyers  B.friends

C.owners  D.founders

解析:选C 因为没有项圈和植入的微芯片,找到小狗的“主人(owners)”花了不少时间。下文中的“owners who had been searching for these two dogs”也给出了提示。

51.A.as to  B.thanks to

C.except for  D.regardless of

解析:选B “因为(thanks to)”小狗的照片被贴到了社交网站上,所以许多人才能看到并希望领养这只小狗。

52.A.pulling  B.following

C.saving  D.guarding

解析:选D 根据上文的“a dog standing on the pavement carefully watching over the ________ body of another dog”可知,这是一张关于小狗“守护(guarding)”朋友的照片。

53.A.food  B.money

C.calls  D.comments

解析:选C Flores把小狗守护同伴的照片贴到社交网站后,动物收容所接到无数想要领养小狗的人们打来的“电话(calls)”。

54.A.sick  B.loyal

C.injured  D.lucky

解析:选B 由上文的“carefully watching over”以及下一段末尾的“patiently stood guard for almost six hours”可知这是一只“忠诚的(loyal)”小狗。

55.A.busy  B.angry

C.tired  D.worried

解析:选D 根据该空后面的“had been searching for these two dogs”可推知,小狗的主人很“着急(worried)”。

56.A.relying on  B.looking for

C.judging from  D.discussing about

解析:选C Marley可能是被一辆车撞了的事实是通过路面上的血迹“判断(judging from)”出来的。

57.A.side  B.ground

C.gate  D.road

解析:选A 根据上文中的“a dog standing on the pavement”可推知,小狗Brian把朋友拖到了“路边(side)”并耐心守护近六个小时。

58.A.connected  B.trained

C.compared  D.reunited

解析:选D 解析见下题。

59.A.never  B.still

C.even  D.ever

解析:选B 尽管Brian已经和他的主人“团聚(reunited)”了,但收容所还有许多狗“仍然(still)”在寻找好的归宿。

60.A.allow  B.advise

C.force  D.encourage

解析:选D 动物收容所的官员希望这则故事能“鼓励(encourage)”更多人领养这些可爱的动物。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

In human history, many ancient and splendid civilizations were born and died. China is the only country __61__ uninterrupted human civilization. Chinese civilization was born on the shores of the Yellow River. And the rich land __62__ Chinese civilization began is in Henan Province.

The Yellow River goes across __63__ (center) Henan. It is China's main north­to­south and east­to­west artery (干线). China's most ancient tribal __64__ (lead), the Yellow Emperor and the Yan Emperor, were born here. Even today, Chinese people all over the world still __65__ (proud) call themselves the descendants (后裔) of these two emperors.

The river holds __66__ unshakable position in the heart of every Chinese, __67__ (respect) by every generation and called “the Mother River”. With intelligence, hard work and determination, Chinese descendants pursue co­existence and common prosperity on this land. The 5,464­km­long Yellow River breaks the last barrier and flows into the broad plain, __68__ (form) the cradle (摇篮) of Chinese civilization.

Till now, the Yellow River __69__ (raise) 13 dynasties' capital Luoyang, 8 dynasties' capital Kaifeng and the biggest economic center in __70__ (it) area — Zhengzhou.

语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了黄河对早期黄河流域人类文明产生的深远影响。

61.with 考查介词。中国是唯一一个拥有不间断的人类文明的国家。此处表示“有”,故填介词with。

62.where 考查关系副词。这片孕育了中华文明的肥沃土地就位于河南省。分析句子结构可知,空处在此引导定语从句,且在从句中作地点状语,故填where。

63.central 考查形容词。空处位于专有名词Henan前面,应填一个形容词作定语,表示“中心的”。故填central。

64.leaders 考查名词。中国最早的部落首领炎黄二帝诞生于此。根据句意可知,此处应填复数名词leaders“首领,领袖”。

65.proudly 考查副词。空处修饰动词call,故用副词proudly。

66.an 考查冠词。黄河在每一个中国人心中的地位都是不可动摇的。position“位置”,是可数名词,此处表泛指,故填不定冠词;且空处位于发音以元音音素开头的单词前,应用an。

67.respected 考查非谓语动词。黄河受每代人的尊敬,被称为“母亲河”。分析句子结构可知,respect与The river之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词作后置定语。故填respected。

68.forming 考查非谓语动词。5 464公里长的黄河冲破了最后的壁垒,流入广袤的平原之中,形成了中华文明的摇篮。分析句子结构可知,form与句子主语之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,故用现在分词作结果状语。

69.has raised 考查动词的时态。黄河孕育了13朝古都洛阳,8朝古都开封以及其流域内最大的经济中心——郑州。由句中的时间状语可知,此处应用现在完成时强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响。

70.its 考查代词。分析句子结构可知,空处在句中作定语,修饰area,故填its。

 

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Now I want to share with you some tip on my learning English. What actually helps me is watching English TV programmes and films. They don't have to be anything really difficultly. I would like to recommend that you can start with a children's show you had already seen. On one hand, you know what is happened. You can concentrate on writing down useful words and phrases or try to repeat that is said. On the other hand, you can hear English speak in a more natural way. In my opinion, I will learn much faster but benefit a lot more if you do as I.

答案:第一句:tip→tips

第三句:difficultly→difficult

第四句:can→should或去掉can; had→have

第五句:happened→happening

第六句:try→trying; that→what

第七句:speak→spoken

第八句:第一个I→you; but→and

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的网友Steven在当地的孔子学院(the Confucius Institute)主办的中文诗歌朗诵比赛(the Chinese Poetry Recitation Contest)中荣获一等奖。请你根据以下内容,给他写一封祝贺信。内容包括:

1.表示祝贺;2.表达敬佩之情;3.祝他取得更大进步。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头语和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear Steven,

I have received your e­mail.  

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

Yours,

Li Hua

参考范文

Dear Steven,

I have received your e­mail. I am very excited and inspired by the good news that you have won first prize in the Chinese Poetry Recitation Contest organized by the Confucius Institute in your city.

As your friend, I know how hard you have been studying Chinese and I am really proud of your achievement. Chinese poetry is very difficult to understand and recite for us Chinese, let alone non­native speakers. Therefore, your success is a reward that you richly deserve for your great effort and excellent ability.

Sincere congratulations to you again! I hope you will make great progress in learning Chinese.

Yours,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.You can imagine how fully occupied (occupy) I became, raising four boys under the age of eight!

2.Addicted (addict) to computer games, he had no time to study.

3.I really appreciate having (have) time to relax with you on this nice island.

4.An amount of milk has_been_bought (buy) for the children so far.

5.When was it that he got back home yesterday?

(二)单句改错 

1.To work on the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times.on→out

2.Helen was fully occupied in business matters yesterday.in→with

3.Every year large amounts of water has been wasted in our daily life.has→have

4.The driver had to pull down his taxi when he saw the traffic light turned red.down→up

5.How many students have been admitted on the school this year?on→to/into

(三)完成句子

1.Peter argued_against making a new job cut in the company.

彼得据理反对公司新一轮的裁员。

2.Good opinions are worth sticking to because all of us can benefit_from_them.

好的意见是值得坚持的,因为我们所有人可以从中受益。

3.After the long journey, the three of them went back home, tired_and_hungry.

长途旅行后,他们三个人回家了,又累又饿。

4.On_the_one_hand I admire his gifts, but on_the_other_hand I distrust his judgment.

一方面我羡慕他的才华, 而另一方面我却怀疑他的判断力。

5.Wherever_they_went,_they were warmly welcomed.

他们无论去哪儿,都受到热烈欢迎。

淮南英语辅导北师大必修三Unit9Wheels学案转载请注明:http://www.5858edu.com//2401.html

上一篇:淮南英语辅导北师大必修三Unit 8 Adventure学案
下一篇:淮南一对一辅导北师大版必修四Unit 10 Money