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淮南英语辅导北师大必修一Unit 2 Heroes

Unit 2 Heroes

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

 

1.manned spaceship      载人宇宙飞船

2.*launch n.   发射

3.rocket n.   火箭

4.*soar vi.   升空,升腾

5.dead (right) adv.   完全地,绝对地

6.the United Nations   联合国

7.*glow vi.   发光

8.*parachute n.   降落伞                          

 

[第二屏听写] 

9.helicopter n.       直升机

10.light bulb n.   电灯泡

11.*racism n.   种族主义

12.*protest n.   抗议

13.brilliant adj.   卓越的

14.awful adj.   (口)糟糕的;极度的

15.*bullet n.   子弹

16.*career n.   职业,一生的事业                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

17.superhero n.       超级英雄

18.afterwards adv.   然后,后来

19.superman n.   超人

20.commit suicide   自杀

21.*charity n.   慈善,施舍

22.Olympic adj.   奥运会的

23.badminton n.   羽毛球

24.republic n.   共和国                          

 

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第四屏听写] 

1.calm_adj.        镇静的,沉着的

2.generous adj.   慷慨的,大方的

3.character_n.   人物;性格

4.violent adj.   暴力的

5.flight_ n.   飞行;航班

6.province_n.  

7.gravity n.   地心引力

8.explore_vt.   探测;勘探

9.involve vt.   涉及,参与                          

 

[第五屏听写] 

10.disaster n.      灾难 

11.spaceship n.   太空船

12.come_off_it   别胡扯

13.peacefully_ adv.   和平地,平静地

14.reporter n.   记者,通讯员

15.million num.   百万

16.millions_of   数百万                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

17.wave_vi.       挥手示意,致意

18.revolution_n.   革命

19.found vt.   建立,创立

20.opinion n.   意见,看法,主张

21.in_my_opinion   在我看来

22.personally adv.   就自己而言

23.equal adj.   平等的                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

24.struggle n.      斗争,拼搏

25.skilful_adj.   灵巧的,熟练的

26.useless_adj.   差劲的;无用的

27.unusual adj.   不平常的

28.champion n.   冠军

29.violence_n.   暴力,暴行

30.compete vi.   比赛,竞争                          

 

[第八屏听写] 

31.amazing adj.     令人惊异的

32.event n.   竞赛;事件 

33.fortunately adv.   幸运地

34.athlete_n.   运动员

35.promote vt.   促进,提升

36.injury n.   伤害,损害

37.give_up   放弃                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

38.come_to_do_something  开始(认识、理解)

39.pull_through   使从(受伤)中活下来;渡过难关

40.*keen adj.   强烈的;渴望的 

41.commit_ vt.   犯(错误),干(坏事)

42.on_one's_own   独立地

43.get_on   融洽相处;进展                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

44.relationship n.     关系

45.react vi.   反应

46.divorce vi.   离婚

47.get_involved_with   参加,参与

48.quality n.   质量;品质

49.disabled_ adj.   残疾的

50.confident adj.   自信的

51.far_too   太,极为                          

 

[第十一屏听写]

52.admire vt.       钦佩,羡慕 

53.medal_n.   奖章,勋章 

54.dive vi. & n. 跳水;潜水

55.astronaut n.   宇航员 

56.march_vi. & n.   游行示威;行军

57.atmosphere n.   大气;气氛

58.absolutely adv.   当然;绝对地

59.You've_got_a_point_there.   你所说的看来有道理。

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

 

 

1.manned spaceship n.  载人宇宙飞船

2.launch n.  发射

3.rocket n.  火箭

4.soar vi.  升空,升腾

5.dead (right) adv.  完全地,绝对地

6.badminton n.羽毛球

7.glow vi.  发光

8.parachute n.  降落伞

9.helicopter n.  直升机

10.light bulb n.  电灯泡

11.racism n.  种族主义

12.protest n.  抗议

13.brilliant adj.  卓越的

14.awful adj.  (口)糟糕的;极度的

15.bullet n.  子弹

1.calm_adj. 镇静的,沉着的

2.quality n.  质量;品质

3.atmosphere n.  大气;气氛

4.medal_n.  奖章,勋章 

5.involve vt.  涉及,参与

6.disaster n.  灾难 

7.spaceship n.  太空船

8.peacefully_ adv.  和平地,平静地

9.reporter n.  记者,通讯员

10.million num.  百万

11.wave_vi.  挥手示意,致意

12.revolution_n.  革命

13.found vt.  建立,创立

14.opinion n.  意见,看法,主张

15.struggle n.  斗争,拼搏

16.useless_adj.  差劲的;无用的

17.unusual adj.  不平常的

18.champion n.  冠军

19.event n.  竞赛;事件

20.athlete_n.  运动员

21.keen adj.  强烈的;渴望的

22.commit_ vt.  犯(错误),干(坏事)

23.relationship n.  关系 [语境活用]

1.Harvard University, founded (创办) in 1636, is one of the oldest universities in the United States.

2.These products are of high quality (质量) and able to compete internationally.

3.She has a gift for creating an atmosphere (气氛) for her students which allows them to communicate freely with each other.

4.Every day each of us makes decisions that involve (包括) taking a chance.

5.All athletes (运动员) want to participate in the Olympic Games to be held in 2020.

6.Both my brothers are reporters (记者).Covering events, meetings or sports meetings is their duty.

7.Many people wrote articles on why Larry had failed to compete in the event (比赛项目).

8.Isn't it a pleasure to have great calm (平静) in mind while you are reading?

9.I received a most unusual (不寻常的) present from my aunt.

10.The athlete's years of hard training paid off when she finally won the Olympic gold medal (奖牌).

拓展单词 1.violent adj.暴力的→violently adv.猛烈地→violence n.暴力

2.equal adj.平等的→equally adv.平等地→equality n.相等;平等

3.skilful adj.灵巧的,熟练的→skilfully adv.熟练地→skill n.技巧

4.compete vi.比赛,竞争→competition n.比赛→competitor n.竞争者,对手→competitive adj.竞争的;比赛的

5.amazing adj.令人惊异的→amaze vt.使惊异→amazed adj.惊奇的,吃惊的

6.promote vt.促进,提升→promotion n.提升;晋升;推销

7.injury n.伤害,损害→injure vt.伤害;损害→injured adj.受伤的

8.react vi.反应→reaction n.反应

9.disabled adj.残疾的→disable vt.使残疾,使不能→disability n.残疾

10.confident adj.自信的→confidently adv.自信地→confidence n.自信;信任

11.admire vt.钦佩,羡慕→admiration n.钦佩,羡慕 [语境活用]

1.I didn't imagine he should have reacted so strongly to what had happened, and his reaction annoyed most of us.(react)

2.Deaf though she is, the disabled girl refuses to let her disability prevent her from doing what she wants.(disable)

3.Nowadays, many young people admire pop stars and sometimes they are crazy because of their admiration.(admire)

4.Rose's father is a skilled mechanic so she has become skil(l)ful at repairing bicycles too.(skill) 

5.We were amazed by the amazing news that an eight­year­old child went to college.(amaze)

6.The competition is very fierce — hundreds of competitors are competing for 56 medals, so I regret having taken part in this competitive game.(compete)

7.As far as I'm concerned, the boy always does everything confidently,_for he shows strong confidence in doing everything.(confident)

8.He was injured again in the game and the injury seemed very serious.(injure)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.millions_of    数百万

2.in_my_opinion   在我看来

3.give_up   放弃

4.on_one's_own   单独地,独立地;靠自己

5.pull_through   渡过难关;康复

6.come_to_do_something  开始(认识、理解)

7.get_on   融洽相处;进展

8.far_too   太……,极为……

9.come_off_it  别胡扯

10.lift_off  发射,起飞,升空

11.come_to_an_end  结束

12.let_out  解脱;放出去,发出;泄露

13.get_involved_with  参加,参与

14.in_the_course_of  在……的过程中

15.compete_against  与……竞争 1.If you grow up in a large family, you are more likely to develop the ability to get_on well with others.

2.The doctors did everything they could to pull_through the patient.

3.Jim competed_against the world's best runners in the Games and did well to come third.

4.As long as you don't give_up and try your best, you will get to the top of the mountain.

5.They have expressed a keen interest in working on design after their tennis careers come_to_an_end.

6.In_my_opinion,_neither you nor he has met the standard.

7.I don't concentrate on my work. Because it is far_too noisy outside.

8.You'd better not get_involved_with her because she is always telling lies.

9.She can't finish the job on_her_own. It's quite difficult.

10.Water is essential for life. Yet millions_of people around the world face water shortages.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.We were driving along a country lane when suddenly a car drove past us. 

我们正沿着一个乡村车道行驶,正在这时突然有一辆轿车超过了我们。 be doing ... when ...表示“正在做……这时/那时……”。 上周一我们正在上语文课,这时老师滑倒了。

Last Monday, we were_having_our_Chinese_class_when the teacher suddenly slipped and fell.

2.Jennifer was in the kitchen, with her hands in a bowl of flour ...

珍妮弗在厨房里,双手在面粉碗里和面…… “with+宾语+宾语补足语”结构。 (2016·四川高考满分作文)我们发现自己每天都在一个令人兴奋的世界里,阳光灿烂、树木苍翠、百花争艳。

We can find us in an exciting world every day, with_the_sun_shining_brightly,_trees growing greenly and flowers coming out with all kinds of colors.

3.Brandi, the sisters' mother, taught her daughters at home so that they completed their high school while developing their tennis careers.

布兰迪,这对姐妹的母亲,在家里教她的女儿们,使得她们在发展网球事业的同时也完成了高中学业。 状语从句的省略。 (广东高考满分作文)最著名的普通清洁工人在做他们工作的时候要面对着巨大的艰辛。

Cleaners, the most “well­known”“ordinary” workers, are confronted with numerous hardships_while_doing_their_share.

4.Give me a challenge and I'll meet it with joy.

给我一个挑战,我会欣然接受。 祈使句+and+陈述句。 努力学习,你在学习中就会取得很大进步。

Work_hard,_and_you can make great progress in your study.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.ahead_of在……前面;提前

2.all_year_around  全年

3.all of a sudden   突然

4.another two hours  另外两个小时

5.at birth  出生时

6.at other times  平时;在其他时候 1.play_football   踢足球

2.play_the_guitar  弹吉他

3.play_chess  下国际象棋

4.play the drum   敲鼓

5.play sports  做运动

6.join sb. in doing sth.  和某人一起做某事 1.milk shake   奶昔

2.turkey n.  火鸡

3.rice noodles   米线

4.fruit salad  水果沙拉

5.cookie n.  曲奇饼

6.takeaway n.  外卖食物

 

 

一、过重点单词——

1.calm adj.镇静的,沉着的v.使平静下来;(使)镇静下来

[高考佳句] Too nervous, I couldn't think of anything at the beginning of the exam. However, I didn't worry but tried to calm myself down.(2014·四川高考书面表达)

由于太紧张,考试刚开始时我什么也想不起来。但我没有着急,而是努力使自己平静下来。

(1)be/keep/stay/remain calm  冷静;保持镇静

(2)calm sb./oneself down   使某人/自己镇静下来

calm down 平息,使平静;平静下来,镇静下来

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The police found that it was difficult to calm down the angry crowd.

②He took a few deep breaths to calm himself (he) down.

完成句子

③In my opinion, such wonderful things will calm_you_down easily and give you the courage to move on.

在我看来,这么好的事情会让你很容易平静下来并且会给你继续前进的勇气。

④As is known to us all, it is important to keep/be/remain/stay_calm_in an emergency.

众所周知,在紧急情况下保持镇静是很重要的。

[辨析比较]

calm “镇静的,平静的”,主要指人“沉着镇定”,也可指自然界“无风无浪”

silent 主要指人“沉默的,不出声的”,但不一定无活动

quiet “安静的,宁静的”,用于人时,表示生性安静,不易激动;用于自然环境时,表示没有干扰活动、没有喧闹声的寂静状态

still “安静的,不动的”,指没有运动或动作的状态

选择上述词语填空

⑤When facing danger, one should keep calm;_when taken photos of, one should keep still;_when someone else is asleep, one should keep quiet;_in class, one shouldn't keep silent about the teacher's questions.

2.character n.品格,品质;特征,特性;(小说、戏剧中的)人物,角色;(汉)字,字体;性格

[教材原句] Listen to descriptions of three film characters.

听三位电影角色的描述。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中character的含义

①Her husband was a man of good character, well­liked and respected by his colleagues.品质

②They are the two main characters in the film Wolf Warrior Ⅱ.角色

③Here are 80,000 Chinese characters, most of which are seldom used today.汉字

④You must get rid of the bad habit, because it can affect your character.性格,品格

[系统考点]

(1)in character       符合某人的性格

out of character   不符合某人的性格

(2)characteristic (of) adj.   表现特点的

n.   特征,特性

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑤It was entirely in character for Rachel to put her baby first.

⑥I can't believe she lied to me — it seems so out of character.

完成句子

⑦The need to communicate is a_key_characteristic_of_human_society.

需要交流是人类社会最重要的一个特征。

⑧Windmills are a_characteristic_feature of the Mallorcan landscape.

风车是马略卡岛风光的一大特色。

3.equal adj.平等的;相等的;胜任的 n.(地位等)相同的人;对手;相等的事物 vt.等于,比得上

[教材原句] King didn't want to because he believed black and white people should enjoy equal rights.

金不想(让座)是因为他认为黑人与白人应该享有平等的权利。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中equal的含义

①Little joy can equal that of a surprising ending when you read stories.等于;比得上

②Any man will be equal to the task, so long as he is careful.胜任的

③Such behavior is, to my mind, without equal all over the world.相等物

④We need to be active in all kinds of sports, and pay attention to mental health which is equal to physical health.相等的

[系统考点]

(1)be equal to (doing) sth.   等于/胜任(做)某事

(2)A equals B in ...A 在……方面比得上B/与B相匹敌

(3)equality n.   平等

equally adv.   相等地;同等地;均等地;同样地

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

⑤None of us can equal her, either in beauty or as a dancer.

⑥Whatever background you come from, you can be equally (equal) successful with your hard work like many others.

⑦I'm sure Catherine is equal to the new job that requires patience and skills.

⑧Don't you believe in equality_ (equal) between men and women?

一句多译

在我看来,汤姆能胜任这份工作。

⑨In my opinion, Tom is_equal_to this job.(equal)

⑩In my opinion, Tom is_up_to this job.(up)

⑪In my opinion, Tom is_fit_for this job.(fit)

4.struggle vi.& n.斗争;拼搏;努力;挣扎

[经典例句] Lisa struggled with her conscience before talking to the police.(牛津P2006)

莉萨经过一番良心的斗争,终于对警方说了。

struggle for            为……而斗争

struggle with/against sb./sth.   与某人/某物作斗争

struggle to do sth.   努力做某事

struggle to one's feet   挣扎着站起来

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①We have to struggle against/with all kinds of difficulties from home and abroad.

②She's struggling to_raise (raise) a family on a very low income.

③They had to struggle for their lives against weather and wild animals.

完成句子

④The soldier was wounded badly but he struggled_to_his_feet at last.

这个士兵受了重伤,但最后还是挣扎着站了起来。

5.compete vi.比赛,竞争

[教材原句] He has always been very strict with his daughters, training them hard to compete against each other.

他一直都严格要求他的女儿们,努力地训练她们去互相竞争。

(1)compete for ...         为……而竞争

compete with/against ...   与……竞争

compete in ...   在……方面竞争;

  参加……比赛

(2)competition n.   竞争,竞赛

competitor n.   参赛者;对手

competitive adj.   竞争性的

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Small shops can't compete in prices with big ones.

②I'm afraid I might not make it if I want to compete for the first place.

③Living in a highly competitive (compete) society, you definitely have to arm yourself with modern technology and skills.

完成句子

④(2014·天津高考书面表达)We can compete_with/against_students_from_other_universities in debate contests or speech contests.

我们可以和来自其他大学的学生在辩论比赛或演讲比赛中竞争。

6.amazing adj.令人惊异的

[教材原句] The sisters' road to success has been amazing.

两姐妹的成功之路令人惊异。

(1)It's amazing that ...    令人惊讶的是……

(2)amaze vt.   使惊奇,使惊诧

It amazes sb. that ...=What amazes sb. is that ...

  使某人惊奇的是……

(3)amazed adj.   吃惊的,惊奇的

be amazed at/by ...   对……感到惊讶

be amazed to do sth.   做某事感到惊讶

(4)amazement n.       惊奇,惊愕

to one's amazement   令某人惊讶的是

in amazement   惊愕地

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①It was amazing (amaze) that the boy was able to solve the problem so quickly.

②We were amazed to_learn (learn) that she had left the hospital $18 million.

③Hearing my words, the girl looked at me_in_amazement.

完成句子

④To_our_amazement,_the face of the city keeps on changing every day.

令我们大为惊奇的是,这座城市的面貌每天都在发生变化。

⑤I was_amazed_at her knowledge of French literature.

她的法国文学知识之丰富使我大为惊奇。

句式升级

⑥(浙江高考书面表达)Because I was amazed at how skillful they were, I determined to be just as good.(分词作状语)

→Amazed_at_how_skillful_they_were,_I determined to be just as good.

7.promote vt.促进,提升

[高考佳句] It is for these reasons that I firmly believe that this rule will promote the learning atmosphere and our teamwork spirit.(2015·广东高考读写任务)

正是因为这些原因才使我坚信这条班规将会促进学习氛围和我们的团队精神。

(1)promote ... as ...    把……提升为……

promote sb.to sth.   提升/晋升某人到……(职位)

promote ... from ... to ...   把……从……提升到……

(2)promoter n.   发起者,赞助者

promotion n.   提升;提拔;晋升;促进,推销

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Many places in Brazil have been promoted as tourist spots because of the 2016 Olympic Games.

②While waiting for the opportunity to get promoted/promotion (promote), Henry did his best to perform his duty. 

③Teachers take part in the teaching activities as a promoter (promote).

一句多译

多年努力工作之后他由职员晋升为经理。

④He was_promoted_from_a_clerk_to_a_manager after many years of hard work.(promote)

⑤He got/won/gained_promotion_from_a_clerk_to_a_manager after many years of hard work.(promotion)

8.react vi.反应;发生作用

[教材原句] How did your parents react to the accident?

你的父母对这次事故有何反应?

(1)react to          对……作出反应

react with   与……起(化学)反应

react against   反对;反抗

react on/upon   对……有影响

(2)reaction n.   反应

in reaction to   对……的反应

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①How did the audience react to his lecture?

②I wonder why he reacts against my suggestion.

③Oxygen will react with nearly all organic materials and metals.

④He was surprised that his answer should have caused such a strong reaction (react).

⑤The rise of the charges for water and electricity will react on/upon living expenses.

⑥An emergency fund was set up in reaction to the famine.

9.involve vt.涉及,参与

[教材原句] This is how I got involved with my charity work to improve the quality of life for all disabled people.

这就是我如何参与慈善活动、改善残疾人生活质量的情况。

(1)be/get involved in     卷入;专注于

involve ... in ...   使……卷入……;使……专注于……

(2)involve doing sth.=include doing sth.

  包括做某事

be involved with sb.   和某人混在一起;和某人有密切关系

(3)involvement n.   参与;加入;沉迷

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Students should involve themselves in community activities where they can gain experience for growth.

②Michelle found a job as a high school teacher which involves spending (spend) quite a lot of time with students.

③In a recent book, he advocated much more government involvement (involve) in health care.

完成句子

④It benefited me a lot to preview lessons, get_actively_involved_in_class,_and review what had been taught after class.

课前预习、课堂上积极参与以及课后复习所学知识,让我受益匪浅。

[名师指津] involved adj.作前置定语时,意为“复杂的”;作后置定语时,意为“涉及的”。如: an involved sentence“一个复杂的句子”;the people involved“所涉及的人”。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.I believe that violence (violent) isn't the best solution to problems.

2.The test will involve answering (answer) questions about a photograph.

3.Life is like a long race where we often compete with/against others to go beyond ourselves.

4.—How did your mother react to the news? 

—She reacted by getting very angry.

5.We will go back to normal when things calm down.

6.Don't lose heart.There are many chances for you to get promoted (promote) in this firm.

7.Research has shown that taking at least one day off a week reduces the frequency of overuse injuries (injure).

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Amazing, she stood and stared while the police arrested her husband.Amazing→Amazed 

2.In our opinions, this policy is completely suited to our present situation.opinions→opinion 

3.It's generous for you to give me so much help.for→of

4.Men and women must be treated equal in education and employment.equal→equally

5.Apart from blue eyes, blonde hair is also characteristic about Swedish people.about→of_

6.The company is struggling to finding buyers for its new product.finding→find_

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.Struggling_to_his_feet,_the boxer continued his match.

拳击手挣扎着站了起来继续比赛。

2.Schools should not compete_with/against_each_other or attempt to poach pupils.

学校之间不应该相互竞争,也不该企图挖走彼此的学生。

3.The_area_is_being_promoted_as a tourist destination.

这个地区正在被推广为旅游点。

4.Suddenly the little girl calmed_down and began looking all around.

小女孩突然静了下来,用好奇的眼光开始观察四周。

5.In my opinion, he is_equal_to the job.

在我看来,他胜任这项工作。

二、过短语、句式——

1.give up放弃;戒除;让出;停止

[教材原句] Have you thought of giving up after the accident?

事故发生后,你想过放弃吗?

[归纳拓展]

①give up_(doing) sth.  放弃/停止/戒除(做)某事

②give away   赠送;分发;泄露;出卖

③give in_   屈服,让步,投降(后接to)

④give_off   发出(光、热、气味等)

⑤give out_   分发;公布;精疲力竭;用完,耗尽

[应用领悟]

①At the beginning, learning English seemed so difficult that I wanted to give up without even trying.

起初,学英语看上去那么难以至于我还没尝试就想放弃。

②(2016·北京高考书面表达)That weekend, we went to a nearby neighborhood and gave them away to the people there.

那个周末,我们去了附近的一个社区并把它们捐赠给那里的人们。

③My money was beginning to give out and there were no jobs to be found.

我的钱快用光了,工作也无处可找。

④If plastic and rubber are burnt, they'll give off poisonous gases.

如果塑料和橡胶被焚烧,它们会放出有毒的气体。

2.pull through使从(受伤)中活下来;渡过难关

[教材原句] The doctor said I was not going to pull through.

医生说我无法康复了。

[归纳拓展]

①pull down       拉下;拆毁;摧毁;推翻

②pull up   向上拉;(使)停下

③pull_out_   拔掉;离开;(火车)离站

④pull in (to)   到站;(火车)进站

⑤pull together_   齐心协力

[应用领悟]

①Thanks to his strong constitution, Jack was able to pull through his recent serious illness.

多亏了杰克强壮的体质,他才能渡过了最近的重病。

②So long as we pull together there's no mountain top we can't conquer.

只要咱们一条心,就没有攀登不上的高峰。

③The project became so expensive that we had to pull out.

这个项目耗资巨大,我们只得退出。

3.get on融洽相处;进展;上(车、船等);继续进行下去

[教材原句] Understanding his wife helps Christopher get on well with her.

了解妻子有助于克里斯多夫与她更好地相处。

[归纳拓展]

①get on/along with     进展;与……相处

②get across_sth. (to sb.)   将(想法、信息等)传达给某人(无被动语态)

③get around_   四处走动(旅行);(消息等)传播

④get away with_   做错事未受惩罚

⑤get through_   通过;完成;接通(电话)

[应用领悟]

①(2014·天津高考书面表达)In addition, every student can be in harmony with foreign friends, which makes it easy for you to get along/on with them.

此外,每个学生与外国朋友要和睦,这使你们容易与他们相处。

②Mr. Brown is so good a teacher that he can get across these problems.

布朗先生是位好老师,他能说明白这些问题。

4.be doing ... when ...

“正在做……这时(突然)……”

We were_driving along a country lane when suddenly a car drove past us.

我们正沿着一个乡村车道行驶,正在这时突然有一辆轿车超过了我们。

 

(1)be doing ... when ... 意为“正在做……这时(突然)……”,when为并列连词。 

(2)when用作并列连词的常见句型还有:

had just done ... when ...   刚做完……这时……

be about to do ... when ...   正要做……这时……

be on the point of doing ... when ...   正要做……这时……

①The children were_playing (play) by the river when they saw a drowning little dog in the river.

孩子们正在河边玩,这时他们看到河里有条落水的狗。

②(2014·福建高考书面表达)I was about to give up when my father came and encouraged me to keep going.

我正要放弃,这时父亲来鼓励我继续努力。

③I had_just_lain_down_when the telephone rang.

我刚躺下,这时电话铃响了。

5.with 复合结构

Jennifer was in the kitchen, with_her_hands_in_a_bowl_of_flour ...

珍妮弗在厨房里,双手在面粉碗里和面……

with her hands in a bowl of flour是with复合结构,在本句中作状语。其具体构成为:

 

①The young woman, with a baby_sleeping_(sleep) in her arms, was wandering in the street.

那位年轻的女士,抱着一个熟睡的婴儿,漫步在大街上。

②With all the work finished (finish), they hurried back home for lunch.

所有的工作都做完了,他们匆忙赶回家吃午饭。

③(辽宁高考书面表达)With_the_beautiful_moon_up in the sky, we sit together and eat moon cakes and fruit, sharing our stories.

美丽的月亮高挂在天空,我们坐在一块吃月饼、吃水果并且分享我们的故事。

④With so many essays to_write (write), he won't have time to go shopping this morning.

有这么多文章要写,他今天早上没有时间去购物。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Since the examination is around the corner, I have to give up doing (do) sports.

2.Margaret had real problems, but the teacher pulled her through.

3.With all the books he was interested in bought (buy), Tom left the bookshop with great satisfaction.

4.I was still sleeping when a fire broke out and then it spread quickly.

5.However hard I tried to explain it to her, she just couldn't understand.I found her impossible to get on/along with.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.We found the house easily with the little boy lead the way. lead→leading

2.Jim was watching a late­night film at home while, right in the middle of a thrilling scene, the television went blank.while→when

3.As I grow up, I come to realizing that love is the most precious thing in one's life.realizing→realize

4.Determined to give up smoke, he threw away his remaining cigarettes.smoke→smoking

Ⅲ.句型转换

1.John received an invitation to dinner, and he gladly accepted it as he had finished his work.

→John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work finished,_he gladly accepted it.

2.If you listen to more classical music, you will feel more relaxed and confident.

①Listen to more classical music,_and you will feel more relaxed and confident.

②Listening to more classical music,_you will feel more relaxed and confident.

三、过语法、写作——

(一)单元小语法

  ——一般过去时、过去进行时和现在完成时

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement has_been_reached (reach) so far by the two sides.

2.The reporters went missing in 2012 and nobody has_seen (see) them since.

3.In the last few years, China has_made (make) great achievements in environmental protection.

4.I didn't think I'd like the movie, but actually it was (be) pretty good.

5.Unfortunately, the manager was_leaving (leave) for Shanghai when I went to the office, so we had only time for few words.

6.I'm calling about the apartment you advertised (advertise) the other day. Could you tell me more about it?

7.I fell (fall) asleep while reading the English text. Luckily, my roommate woke me up in time.

8.I first met Lisa three years ago. She was_working (work) at a radio shop at that time.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Her father usually does some housework at home last year. does→did_

2.He is looking for a house when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper one day.is→was

3.Suddenly an idea was occurred to me that I should help my mom clean the floor. 去掉was

4.As a young woman, Shirley decided to become a teacher, and she believed she could improve society by helping children. She has worked for seven years at a child care center in the Harlem area of New York City.去掉has_

5.Tom said he would come if I promise to wait for him. promise→promised

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.I have_been_a_broadcaster_in the school's broadcasting station for years. 

我在学校广播站担任广播员已经多年了。

2.Mr. Wang has_worked_in_the_factory since he came to the city.

自从到这个城市以来,王先生一直在这家工厂工作。

3.He_was_drawing_a_picture yesterday afternoon when I visited him.

昨天下午当我去拜访他的时候,他正在画一幅画。

4.He told me he_was_leaving_for_Shanghai_tomorrow.

他告诉我他明天将要去上海。

5.When I was_in_the_countryside,_I often walked by the riverside.

我在乡下时经常在河边散步。

(二)课堂微写作

  练缩写——让语言更凝练

[题目要求]

把下面介绍Allan Stewart的文章缩成60词左右。

注意:保留关键词,关键词在文中加黑。

[缩写提示]

It seems impossible to get a master's degree at the age of 91, but a man made it, breaking the world record in 2006.The master,  who is from Australia, is Allan Stewart.

Allan got his first degree in his life at 21 as many other people did and his second one was a doctor's degree he achieved not long later.However, to people's surprise, in his eighties, Allan decided to take the course of law with a strong will and as a result, he won again and so the third degree of master came.So respectable was he that he didn't even stop learning through Internet.Considering his ages, he gave the world a big thrill again when attaining his fourth degree in 2012 because of his high efficiency, which had been praised by his teachers and as his saying goes: Challenge myself and it's never too late to learn!

[答案示例]

Allan Stewart, an Australian, got a master's degree at the age of 91, breaking the world record in 2006. He got four degrees in all in his life.Allan got his first degree in his life at 21.His second one was a doctor's degree.In his eighties, Allan won the third degree. When attaining his fourth degree in 2012, he was praised by his teachers because of his high efficiency. As his saying goes: Challenge myself and it's never too late to learn!

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

There's more to phone boxes than phones

Adopt

The red phone box is part of the character of many streets and villages around the UK. But with the mobile phone, many are no longer used and we are looking to remove them. For just £1 you can make sure the red phone boxes in your community enjoy a new life as something completely different, like a book exchange, or an art gallery.

Click here to see what some local communities have already done. Download our Adopt A Kiosk brochure here, or if you're ready to adopt one now, click here!

Buy

Wouldn't it be great to impress your customers with a traditional red phone box in your places? Or maybe you badly want to own one yourself. Go on! You know it's just what your garden needs!

For more information, get in touch with our partners at X2Connect or call them at 440­1636­611110.

Advertise

Think about how many people pass by a phone box daily. It's a great way to get noticed. If you'd like to advertise your business or campaign on the side of a phone box, get in touch to find out more.

Talk to our partners at JCDecaux for more information.

Cash

Combine a red phone box with an ATM. Our company takes care of everything from site acquisition (站点获取) and installation (安装), gaining planning permission from local authorities, to preparations of the phone box and ATM as well as on­going protecting and cleaning services.

To find out more, fill out the call­back form below or call us.

 

21.What are you supposed to do if you adopt a phone box?

A.Sell it online for new uses.

B.Move it to your own office.

C.Replace it with an art gallery.

D.Recycle it to serve your community.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据Adopt部分的内容可知,所谓领养电话亭,就是将社区中不再运行的电话亭改造后重新投入使用,它可以有全新的用途。根据“what some local communities have already done”可知,这些电话亭是以社区的名义领养的,改造后自然也是为了服务社区。

22.What do you need to get in touch with if you want to purchase a phone box?

A.X2Connect.        B.JCDecaux.

C.Your communities.  D.Local authorities.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据Buy部分的“get in touch with our partners at X2Connect”可知,若想购买电话亭可以联系X2Connect。

23.What is recommended if you want to attract customers?

A.Fixing an ATM in your phone box.

B.Selling small things in the phone box.

C.Organizing campaigns to sell phone boxes.

D.Advertising your product on a phone box.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据Advertise部分可知,每天电话亭周围的人流量很大,所以可以在上面做广告,用来吸引顾客。

B

(2018·南昌调研)

Moutai Thanks the Hit Movie

Wolf Warrior Ⅱ for Free Advertising

Chinese box office hit Wolf Warrior Ⅱ has received a thank­you letter from  the  president  of  China  Kweichow  Moutai (Group) Distillery Co., Ltd, the country's most famous brand of liquor, because of the scenes where the hero drank Moutai  liquor in the movie.

The movie, which premiered (首映) on July 27,2017, tells the  story of a former Chinese People's Liberation Army soldier protecting Chinese citizens and local factory workers in an African war zone.

The patriotic (爱国的) emotions have proven popular with  audiences. By the end of September, Wolf Warrior Ⅱ had earned more than 5.6 billion yuan, breaking China's all­time box office record, set last year by Hong Kong comedy The Mermaid. Wu Jing, 43, both starred in and directed Wolf Warrior Ⅱ, whose prequel (前传) earned 525 million yuan in 2015.

On August  7,  Yuan  Renguo,  president  of Kweichow Moutai, congratulated Wu Jing on his success in an open letter on the company's website. “The movie has hit a new record and become a phenomenon,”  Yuan wrote.  “The movie is now synonymous (相同的) with patriotism. Your free advertising of Moutai in the movie has once more allowed this famous Chinese brand to impress the world.”

Yuan also added that the company had organized screenings of the film for its more than 30,000 employees, which improved their feelings of nationalism and  “company  cohesion (凝聚力)”.

Many moviegoers also said they were impressed by the patriotic plot of Wolf Warrior Ⅱ. Tong Yemeng, a 32­year­old office worker from Beijing, told Sixth Tone that she watched the film because of positive reviews from her colleagues and on the social media. “I felt so moved and proud of my country when I saw Wu Jing waving the national flag in the war zone,”  she said. “It showed our increasing national power.”

语篇解读:本文是对2017年热门电影《战狼Ⅱ》的介绍,该影片主题突出,表现的是一种爱国情怀和为国家、为民族不惜牺牲一切的精神,充分展现了当代中国军人的责任和担当,充满正能量。

24.What did the hero of Wolf Warrior Ⅱ once do?

A.He was a worker.  B.He was a soldier.

C.He was a coach.  D.He was a president.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“The movie ... tells the story of a former Chinese People's Liberation Army soldier protecting ... zone.”可知,《战狼Ⅱ》中的英雄曾经是一名军人。故选择B项。

25.Why is Wolf Warrior Ⅱ so popular?

A.Because the movie is concerned with the love of our country.

B.Because Wu Jing played a key role and directed the film.

C.Because it is the first film concerning an African war zone.

D.Because the plot gives audiences a deep impression.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“The patriotic(爱国的)  emotions have proven popular with audiences.”可知,这部影片很受欢迎的原因与爱国有关。故选A项。

26.Which word can best describe Yuan Renguo's attitude towards the movie when he wrote the letter?

A.Favorable.  B.Astonished.

C.Relieved.  D.Uncaring.

解析:选A 推理判断题。根据第四段中的“The movie has hit a new record and become a phenomenon”与“... has once more  allowed  this  famous Chinese brand to impress the world”和第五段,再结合文章标题可知,他写信时是非常赞许这部电影的。故选A项。

27.What caused Tong Yemeng to see Wolf Warrior Ⅱ?

A.Desiring to relax.  B.External influence.

C.Feeling lonely.  D.Friends' urgency.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“Tong Yemeng,a 32­year­old office worker from Beijing, told Sixth Tone that she watched the film because of positive reviews from her colleagues and on the social media.”可知,是外部影响促使她去看《战狼Ⅱ》的。故选B项。

C

(2018·青岛质检)Sunitha Suresh was a college student when her grandmother had a major operation and was put in intensive care (特别护理) with three other patients. This meant her family couldn't always be with her. They decided to put her favorite Indian music on an iPod, so she could listen around the clock.

 

 

Sunitha could see the music relaxed her grandmother and made her feel less anxious, but she wondered if she also felt less pain. That would make sense because anxiety can make people more sensitive to pain. At the time Sunitha was majoring in biomedical engineering at Northwestern University where her father, Santhanam Suresh, is a professor. So father and daughter decided to work together on a study.

It was a small study, with 60 patients between 9 and 14 years old taking part in it. All the patients, who were children, had big operations that required them to stay in hospital for at least a couple of days. Right after their operations, the patients took medicine to control pain. The next day they were divided into three groups. One group listened to 30 minutes of music of their choice, one listened to 30 minutes of stories of their choice and one listened to 30 minutes of silence via noise canceling headphones.

To measure pain, the researchers presented a smiling, frowning (皱眉) and crying face. The children pointed to which picture best showed their level of pain before and after they listened to music, stories and silence. After a 30­minute session, the children who listened to music or stories reduced their pain burden by 1 point on a 10­point scale (级别) compared to the children who listened to silence. That might not sound like much, but Sunitha says it equals to pain medication like Advil or Tylenol.

Children don't tolerate such medication as well as adults. They are smaller and are more likely to suffer side effects from pain medication such as trouble breathing and feeling of disgust. So the less pain medication, the better.

 

28.What made Sunitha start the study?

A.Her grandmother's desire for music.

B.Her majoring in biomedical engineering.

C.Her grandmother's listening to music after the operation.

D.Her sympathy for patients who suffered from illnesses.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Sunitha could see the music relaxed her grandmother and made her feel less anxious, but she wondered if she also felt less pain”可知,她祖母在手术后听音乐的经历使她开始做这项研究。

29.How did Sunitha and her father draw the conclusion?

A.By observing.        B.By making comparison.

C.By asking questions.  D.By analyzing causes.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段可知,研究者主要是通过对比三组实验对象在听了音乐、故事或静音后对疼痛的感知程度来判断他们所采取的方式是否有助于减轻痛苦来得出结论的。

30.What do we know about the research?

A.It is of greater benefit to children.

B.It should also be conducted on adults.

C.It shows children suffer more from pain medication.

D.It finds more and more children are on pain medication.

解析:选A 推理判断题。根据最后一段可知,孩子们从该研究中受益更多。

31.What may be the best title for the text?

A.Reaching for your playlist to ease pain

B.Sunitha does an experiment with her father

C.Sunitha's grandmother likes to listen to music

D.Stopping using pain medication on children

解析:选A 主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了Sunitha和她父亲的一项研究表明,听音乐可以帮助减轻痛苦。

D

Crying is the sign of the rawest of human emotions.We cry when we can't hold inside what we feel any more.We cry when we're at our best, and when we're at our worst.By we, I mean all of us.Men included.

But we never see other men cry.In no western culture has it ever been acceptable for men to shed (流泪) more than a single tear, and even then it's reserved for grand victories, defeats and deaths.Dutch research suggests that women cry between three and five times more than men.Generally men and women cry over the same things — deaths, break­ups and homesickness, primarily, but researchers believe that men cry more often than women when it comes to positive events.

I want to admit I'm a bit of a cryer.However, having never really experienced deaths in my life, a few weeks ago I experienced what it means to really, truly, pour my heart out in tears.

See, my dog — and 24/7 companion — was killed by a car right outside my house.Being a witness to this painful event left me in shock for a good hour, but then the floodgates opened.Over the next 48 hours, I might have cried 20 times.Once or twice I crouched (蹲) on the floor with my head in my hands and tears were the only outlet.

It is suggested in the book Adult Crying: A Biopsychosocial Approach that there's certain pleasure in crying.It helps ease stress when there is no other way to express ourselves.

In those days after my dog's death, I remember thinking, “I've got to stop this crying”. cIt felt unmanly. It felt like a sign of weakness.I've since realised that tears are for everybody;they're not gender­specific.They show we have sympathy, allow us to get rid of stress and just feel.

语篇解读:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者的狗遭遇车祸,作者痛哭不已,伤心欲绝。后来作者意识到哭泣是释放压力的方式。

32.What does the first paragraph mainly talk about?

A.Crying is a raw human emotion.

B.Crying is an emotion beyond control.

C.Crying is an emotion showing sadness.

D.Crying is an emotion showing happiness.

解析:选A 段落大意题。通读该段可知,该段第一句“Crying is the sign of the rawest of human emotions”为该段的主题句。结合该段其他内容可知,该段主要论述“哭泣是人类最自然的情感流露”,故A项正确。

33.What's the difference between men and women in crying according to Dutch research?

A.They cry over different matters.

B.They cry at different times of life.

C.Women cry more often over deaths.

D.Men are more likely to have tears of joy.

解析:选D 细节理解题。由题干关键词“Dutch research”定位至第二段,根据第二段的“but researchers believe that men cry more often than women when it comes to positive events”可知,男女哭泣的区别是男子对于积极事物的哭泣频率要比女性,故D项正确。

34.What did the author think of his crying over his dog's death?

A.A sign of strength.

B.A sign of weakness.

C.Behavior of being womanish.

D.A way of reducing emotional stress.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第六段,尤其是最后一句“They show we have sympathy, allow us to get rid of stress and just feel”可知,作者意识到哭泣是减轻情感压力的方式,故D项正确。

35.What's the best title for the text?

A.Men, never cry like women

B.Men, it's OK to cry sometimes

C.Crying solves psychological problems

D.Crying explains differences between men and women

解析:选B 标题归纳题。通读全文内容尤其是第一段第一句“Crying is the sign of the rawest of human emotions”和本文最后一句“They show we have sympathy, allow us to get rid of stress and just feel”可知,本文论述的中心是“哭泣是人类最自然的情感流露,是减轻情感压力的方式”,据此可以判断,B项最适合作文章标题。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

(2018·重庆市九校联考)Experiencing bad dreams every night can be frightening for anybody. Bad dreams can disturb sleep. __36__ That's why one should take steps to stop them as soon as they happen every day.

Studies have shown that when a person is under some sort of physical or mental stress, he's more likely to get bad dreams and disturbed sleep. __37__ For example, if you're overworked, learn to take things slow.

Besides, an unpleasant experience that a person is unable to get over can make the person suffer from bad dreams. __38__ In such a case, receiving treatment and dealing with the unpleasant experience is the only way to stop bad dreams.

Eating fatty and high­protein (高蛋白质的) foods is also known to cause bad dreams in some people. __39__ Taking a light dinner of soups and salads is the best, both for health and for stopping disturbed sleep in some cases.

__40__ For example, your bedroom should be the most comfortable place in the world. So remove all electronic equipment including televisions. In addition, if you have negative thoughts, it can have side effects on the kind of dreams you have. So from now on try to be a happy and positive person.

A.First, we need to know the bad effects of bad dreams.

B.For example, death of a very close one can result in bad dreams.

C.They may also make a person feel stressed throughout the next day.

D.Bad dreams occurring because of this can be stopped if the diet is changed.

E.Reading something you enjoy can make you feel relaxed and help you sleep better.

F.Besides these, there are many other things a person can do to have a good night's sleep.

G.To stop bad dreams, it's necessary to find out the causes of stress in life and remove them.

 

36.解析:选C 该空前一句介绍的是噩梦会影响睡眠,后一句说那就是为什么我们应该想办法避免做噩梦,由此可知,应选“噩梦还会让一个人第二天一整天感到有压力”。

37.解析:选G 根据该空前一句及后面的例子可知,应选“为防止做噩梦,我们需要找到生活中压力的起因并消除这些压力”。

38.解析:选B 结合该空后一句中的“In such a case”可知,该空内容与一个例子有关,故选“例如一位很亲近的人的去世会导致噩梦”。

39.解析:选D 该空所在段内容与日常饮食有关,D项中的the diet是提示,故选“由不良日常饮食引起的噩梦可以通过改变饮食来避免”。

40.解析:选F 该空后所举的几个例子是避免噩梦的其他方法,故选“除了这些,还有其他很多办法可以保证一晚的好睡眠”。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

One evening last fall, Marcos Ugarte was doing his homework in his room. His father, Eduardo, a __41__, was busy with his work. Then they heard someone yelling __42__. Eduardo, 47, and Marcos, 15, found the yelling was from one of their neighbors' homes, the Ma family. “I didn't think there was something __43__,” Eduardo said. He headed back inside to prepare lesson plans, __44__ Marcos' eye was caught by something from Ma's house. “Dad, the house is __45__!” Marcos cried. Then the barefoot teen __46__ to Ma's home with his dad.

Grandmother Yim Ma, mother Suzanne Ma, and son Nathan Ma were in the front yard, yelling for __47__. When the Ugartes got there, they saw through the open front door that father Alex Ma was running down from the stairs, __48__.

“Is __49__ in the house?” Eduardo asked.

“My son!” Alex __50__ to say, pointing to the second floor.

Eduardo ran up the stairs, but thick smoke and great heat __51__ him to his knees. He crawled (爬行) upstairs where Alex said he'd find Cody, eight, who had __52__ himself in a bedroom. “I'd never seen __53__ like that,” said Eduardo. “My glasses __54__ turned black.” Eduardo hit his body on the bedroom door, but Cody didn't __55__. Eduardo made his way back downstairs. At the same time, Marcos saw Yim and Suzanne took a __56__ out of the garage. Cody was __57__ at the window. Marcos seized it, positioned it near the __58__, climbed toward the boy and got Cody out.

The day after the fire, Alex __59__ Marcos. “Thank you for saving my son,” Alex said. “You are his __60__ forever.”

语篇解读:本文是记叙文。邻居家着了火后,15岁的Marcos勇敢地救出了被困的8岁的孩子。

41.A.journalist        B.teacher

C.writer  D.lawyer

解析:选B 根据下文的“He headed back inside to prepare lesson plans”可知,Eduardo是一名老师。

42.A.outside  B.upstairs

C.again  D.instead

解析:选A 根据该空后的“found the yelling was from one of their neighbors' homes, the Ma family”可知,叫声是从外面传来的。

43.A.attractive  B.common

C.puzzling  D.wrong

解析:选D 根据该空后的“He headed back inside to prepare lesson plans”可知,Eduardo认为外边没什么事。

44.A.or  B.for

C.but  D.so

解析:选C Marcos的动作与父亲的动作构成转折,故用but。

45.A.under repair  B.in sight

C.on sale  D.on fire

解析:选D 根据倒数第二段第一句的“thick smoke and great heat”可知,那所房子着火了。

46.A.waved  B.pointed

C.rushed  D.rode

解析:选C 从上句情况得出,看到邻居的房子着火了,Marcos光着脚冲向了那儿。

47.A.support  B.help

C.advice  D.freedom

解析:选B 发生了火灾,那些人在前门呼救。

48.A.coughing  B.singing

C.thinking  D.smiling

解析:选A 根据倒数第二段第一句的“thick smoke and great heat”可知,Alex Ma被烟呛得直咳嗽。

49.A.everyone  B.anyone

C.he  D.it

解析:选B 根据上文的Marcos和爸爸看到了Alex Ma从楼梯上跑下来可知,Eduardo问楼上是否还有人。

50.A.managed  B.decided

C.continued  D.stopped

解析:选A Alex Ma被烟呛得直咳嗽,所以他说话很困难。

51.A.guided  B.pulled

C.forced  D.pressed

解析:选C 根据本空前的“thick smoke and great heat”可知,他上了楼梯,但是浓烟和热浪迫使他在地上爬行。

52.A.hidden  B.caught

C.enjoyed  D.locked

解析:选D 根据下文的“Eduardo hit his body on the bedroom door”可知,Cody把自己反锁在了屋子里。

53.A.behaviour  B.silence

C.smoke  D.damage

解析:选C 根据上文的“thick smoke”及下文的“My glasses ________ turned black”可知,Eduardo说他从来没有见过这么浓的烟。

54.A.frequently  B.finally

C.usually  D.immediately

解析:选D 由本空前的火势判断,火很大,烟很浓,他的眼镜一下子就被熏黑了。

55.A.struggle  B.respond

C.agree  D.appear

解析:选B 根据“Eduardo made his way back downstairs”可知,他撞了门,但是Cody没有反应。

56.A.ladder  B.chair

C.bike  D.box

解析:选A 根据本段最后一句的一系列动作可知,Yim和Suzanne从车库里拿出了一把梯子。

57.A.playing  B.walking

C.screaming  D.hesitating

解析:选C Eduardo撞门时,Cody没有反应,由此可知,Cody正在窗户那儿大声呼救。

58.A.tree  B.garage

C.door  D.window

解析:选D 上句中的window有提示。他一把抓过梯子,把它靠在窗户那儿,然后爬了上去。

59.A.visited  B.encouraged

C.recognized  D.missed

解析:选A Marcos家和Alex家是邻居,所以第二天,Alex去拜访了Marcos并表达了谢意。

60.A.leader  B.hero

C.friend  D.fan

解析:选B 根据上文Marcos勇救Cody可知,Marcos将永远是Cody心中的英雄。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Shadow puppetry (木偶表演艺术), also called shadow play, got its start thousands of years ago in China and India. This unique form of storytelling is __61__ oldest type of puppetry in the world.

Shadow puppets are figures that __62__ (place) between a light and a screen. Moving them creates the illusion (假象) of moving pictures on the screen. An experienced puppeteer can make figures appear to walk, talk, fight and dance.

China, India, Indonesia and Turkey have been especially important in the __63__ (develop) of this art form over time. The types of stories __64__ (tell) with shadow puppetry vary from country to country. For example, in China, shadow plays are __65__ (usual) based on Chinese folk tales.

Shadow puppets can be made of a wide variety of materials. Today, you might see shadow puppets __66__ are made of paper, plastic, wood or cloth. There's really no end to how creative puppeteers can be when __67__ (make) their puppets.

Shadow puppets are usually constructed from separate __68__ (piece) that are then put together with strings or wires. The strings or wires are usually attached __69__ long sticks that the puppeteer will use __70__ (control) the movement of the puppet.

 

61.the 形容词最高级前要用定冠词。

62.are placed that的先行词是figures,与place之间是被动关系,且此处介绍的是一般情况,故填are placed。

63.development 空格中所填单词在句中作in的宾语,且其前有定冠词the,故用develop的名词形式。

64.told stories与tell之间是被动关系,故此处用过去分词。

65.usually 空格中所填单词在句中修饰be动词,需用usual的副词形式。

66.which/that 根据句子结构可知,该空是定语从句的关系词,先行词是shadow puppets,关系词在定语从句中作主语,故填which或that。

67.making make与逻辑主语puppeteers之间是主动关系,再根据该空前的when可知,此处用现在分词。

68.pieces 根据谓语动词are可知,此处用piece的复数形式。

69.to be attached to ...“被固定在……上”。

70.to control use ... to do ...“用……做……”。

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Last Monday, we had the class meeting to discuss about the Chinese style of crossing roads. We both took an active part in it and finally come up with a bright idea.

The next day, we divided into two groups and stepped out of school to do something to prevent this phenomenon. One group used a loudspeaker to raise people's awareness of this problems. The other group stood by the roadside or used little flags to direct people to passing the zebra crossing.

To our surprise, Beijing Youth Daily reported that we did. It said our deeds were really worth of being praised!

答案:第一句:第一个the→a; 去掉about

第二句:both→all; come→came

第三句:divided前加were

第四句:problems→problem

第五句:or→and; passing→pass

第六句:that→what

第七句:worth→worthy

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你校学生会决定于3月31日下午在学校操场举办一次图书义卖活动(charity activity),目的是筹钱为贫困地区的儿童买书。请用英文给你校来自英国的交换生Paul发一封电子邮件,邀请他参加这个活动。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

参考范文:

Dear Paul,

How are you doing? I am writing to invite you to take part in a charity activity.

The Students' Union of our school is to hold a used book sale on the afternoon of March 31 in the school playground, aiming to collect money to buy books for children in poor areas. Anyone who is interested is welcome to donate some used books. If you would like to come, please bring several used books to donate and sell books with us. It is a very meaningful activity. We are really expecting your participation.

Looking forward to your early reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle to_be_heard (hear).

2.With a great weight taken (take) off her mind, she passed all the tests successfully.

3.He isn't good at talking but he gets on/along well with other people.

4.Even if invited (invite), I won't go to such a bad lecture.

5.Everyone was very concerned whether he would pull through or not.

(二)单句改错 

1.I don't think he is equal to do this kind of work, so I can't hire him.do→doing

2.As I grow up, I come to realizing that love is the most precious thing in one's life.realizing→realize

3.It was one of the most amazed films I've ever seen.amazed→amazing

4.We were about to leave for Shanghai while it began to rain.while→when

5.The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog followed them.followed→following

(三)完成句子

1.Work/Study_hard,_and you'll be admitted by a key university.

努力学习,你会被重点大学录取的。

2.This morning, I_was_walking_on_the_street_when I saw that two travelers were reading a map, looking puzzled.

今天早晨,我正在街上走着,这时(突然)看到两个看上去很茫然的游客在看地图。

3.With_so_many_people_staring_at_her,_she felt very nervous.

这么多人盯着她看,她感到很紧张。

4.When_asked_why_he_was_so_sad,_the student said he had been robbed of the opportunity of going abroad.

当被问到他为何如此伤心时,这个学生说他失去了这次出国的机会。

5.It_is_characteristic_of her that she never complains.

从来不发牢骚是她的特点。

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