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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高一辅导 > 淮南英语辅导资料北师大必修一 Unit 1 Lifestyles

淮南英语辅导资料北师大必修一 Unit 1 Lifestyles

北师大必修一 Unit 1 Lifestyles

 

一、刷黑板——

Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉)

[第一屏听写] 

1.questionnaire n.       问卷;调查表

2.lifestyle n.   生活方式

3.*shepherd n.   牧羊人

4.cartoon n.   卡通片,动画片

5.*couch n.   长沙发,睡椅

6.couch potato   终日懒散在家的人

7.paperwork n.   日常文书工作

8.BBC   英国广播公司

= British Broadcasting Corporation                          

[第二屏听写] 

9.*workaholic n.       工作狂

10.document n.   公文,文件

11.studio n.   演播室;工作室

12.social adj.   社交的;社会的

13.minus adj. 零下,负

14.dial vt.   拨(电话号码)

15.presentation n.   表演;展示

16.accountant n.   会计,会计师                          

 

[第三屏听写] 

17.tube n.          (英)地铁

18.forecast n.   预报;预测_

19.mini­skirt n.   迷你裙,超短裙

20.cigar n.   雪茄烟

21.*survey n.   调查

22.kungfu n. (中国)功夫

23.cycle vi.   骑自行车

24.style n.   风格,作风                          

 

Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英)

[第四屏听写] 

1.matter vi.         要紧,有重大关系

2.partner n.   合作者,搭档

3.peaceful_adj.   平静的;和平的

4.relaxing_adj.   轻松的,放松的

5.stressful_adj.   充满压力的,紧张的

6.suppose_vt.   认为,猜想

7.*series n.   系列节目;系列                          

[第五屏听写] 

8.TV_series         电视连续剧

9.talk_show   谈话节目,现场访谈

10.*complain_vi.   抱怨;投诉

11.switch vt. 转换,转变

12.switch_on   把开关打开,接通

13.switch_over   转换频道,转变

14.switch_off   把……关掉,关上

15.portable_adj.   轻便的,手提(式)的

16.remote_adj.   遥远的                          

 

[第六屏听写] 

17.remote_control       遥控

18.alarm n.   警报,警告器

19.alarm_clock   闹钟

20.go_off   (铃、爆竹等)响

21.take_up   占据

22.urgent_ adj.   急迫的,紧急的

23.midnight_ n.   午夜,半夜

24.bored adj.   厌烦的,不感兴趣的                          

 

[第七屏听写] 

25.stress n.         压力

26.expert n.   专家

27.suffer vi.   遭受(痛苦),感到疼痛

28.suffer_from   忍受,遭受

29.pressure n.   压力

30.reduce_vt.   减少;降低

31.organise vt.   组织

32.diet n.   饮食;节食                          

 

[第八屏听写] 

33.prefer vt.        更喜欢;宁愿

34.stand vt.   忍耐,忍受

35.volunteer n.   志愿者

36.graduate vi.   毕业

37.basin_n.   脸盆

38.challenge n.   挑战

39.support vt.&n.   支持;支撑

40.design n. & vt.   设计                          

 

[第九屏听写] 

41.advertisement n.      广告

42.*solve vt.   解决;解答

43.crowded_adj.   拥挤的

44.nearby adj.   附近的

adv.   在附近

45.otherwise adv.   否则;另外

46.crowd_n.   人群,一伙人

47.lung n.   肺                          

 

[第十屏听写] 

48.sickness n.        疾病

49.distance_n.   距离

50.distance_learning   远程学习

51.at_the_moment   此刻,目前

52.over_the_years   数年间

53.classical_adj.   古典的

54.formal adj.   正式的,合礼仪的

55.be_filled_with_   充满着                          

二、刷清单——

(一)核心单词

阅读单词 1.questionnaire n. 问卷;调查表

2.lifestyle n.  生活方式

3.shepherd n.  牧羊人

4.cartoon n.  卡通片,动画片

5.couch n.  长沙发,睡椅

6.couch potato 终日懒散在家的人

7.paperwork n.  日常文书工作

8.workaholic n.  工作狂

9.document n.  公文,文件

10.studio n.  演播室;工作室

11.social adj.   社交的;社会的

12.minus adj.  零下,负

13.dial vt.  拨(电话号码)

14.presentation n.  表演;展示

15.accountant n.  会计,会计师

表达单词 1.matter vi.   要紧,有重大关系

2.partner_n.  合作者,搭档

3.suppose vt.  认为,猜想

4.series n.  系列节目;系列

5.complain vi.  抱怨;投诉

6.switch vt.  转换,转变

7.reduce vt.  减少;降低

8.diet n.  饮食;节食

9.stand vt.  忍耐,忍受

10.basin n.  脸盆

11.design n.&vt.  设计

12.solve vt.  解决;解答

13.crowded_adj.  拥挤的

14.nearby adj.  附近的

adv.  在附近

15.otherwise adv.  否则;另外 [语境活用]

1.It is not what you say but what you do that matters (要紧).

2.I can't believe my eyes. How can you stand (忍受) being treated like that?

3.We asked him to assist us in designing (设计) a new bridge.

4.He switched (转换) from a back seat to a front one so that he could see clearly.

5.Many students complain (抱怨) about their too much homework. They almost have no time to relax themselves.

6.My father is trying to reduce (减少) expenses because we don't have much money.

7.Getting a visa isn't as simple as you might suppose (认为).

8.The small classroom becomes very crowded (拥挤的) because over seventy students sit there.

9.We didn't know you were in trouble at that time; otherwise (否则) we would have given you a hand.

拓展单词 1.peaceful adj.平静的;和平的→peace n.和平→peacefully adv.和平地;平静地

2.relaxing adj.轻松的,放松的→relax vt.& vi.放松→relaxed adj.松懈的;放松的

3.bored adj.厌烦的,不感兴趣的→boring adj.令人厌烦的;无聊的→bore vt.使厌烦

4.distance n.距离→distant adj.遥远的

5.formal adj.正式的,合礼仪的→informal adj.非正式的

6.prefer vt.更喜欢;宁愿→preference n.喜好;偏爱

7.volunteer n.志愿者 vt.& vi.自愿去做→voluntary adj.自愿的;志愿的

8.graduate vi.毕业 n.毕业生→graduation n.毕业

9.challenge n.挑战 vt.向……挑战→challenging adj.有挑战性的 [语境活用]

1.The peaceful people hoped that the dispute was to be solved peacefully and a peace agreement could be signed as soon as possible.(peace)

2.Generally speaking, we feel relaxed while listening to some relaxing music.(relax)

3.When talking about my son's reading _preference,_I think he prefers  science books.(prefer)

4.Nowadays with the development of society, many volunteers  volunteer to do voluntary work without any pay.(volunteer)

5.I find the new job challenging,_but I am fully prepared to meet the challenge.(challenge)

6.My brother was a graduate in physics and he graduated from Beijing University.He has been working in a famous company after graduation.(graduate)

7.The president invited him to his private study for an informal talk before holding a _formal_meeting.(formal)

8.He is so bored to death with the boring TV series that he seldom watches them.(bore)

(二)常用短语

写准记牢

语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.switch_on/off/over  把开关打开/关闭/转换频道;转变

2.take_up  占据;开始从事;拿起

3.be_filled_with  充满着

4.suffer_from  忍受,遭受

5.get_changed  换衣服,更衣

6.take_turns_to_do_sth.  轮流做某事

7.play_a_role/part_in  在……中起作用

8.at_the_moment  此刻,目前

9.over_the_years  数年间

10.make_sure  弄清,查明

11.as_a_result  结果

12.come_up_with  追上,赶上;想出,找到

13.look_forward_to  盼望,期望

14.as_well_as  除……之外还;和

15.make_a_difference  有影响;起作用

16.go_off  (铃、爆竹等)响

1.Small changes in your daily life will play_a_part/role_in leading a low­carbon life.

2.A bomb went_off in the busy street and many people were badly hurt.

3.We look_forward_to working with you to establish long­term business partnership.

4.Switch_off when you've finished using the electric typewriter.

5.She couldn't come_up_with a solution to the problem, so she turned to me for help.

6.He was_filled_with horror when he heard the bad news.

7.There is more and more noise pollution. As_a_result,_many species are dying out.

8.I know hobbies may take_up much of your spare time, but they can enrich your life and make you happier.

9.At_the_moment I have no idea where I will be next year.

(三)经典句式

原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1.What kind of lifestyles do you think the men in the pictures have?

你认为图中的这个人有什么样的生活方式? do you think 用作插入语。 你认为谁是我们班最优秀的学生?

Who_do_you_think the best student in our class?

2.I always take my portable TV and I sit on the stone wall while the dog walks round in a circle.

我总是随身带着手提电视,坐在石墙上,而小狗围着我转圈。 while 引导并列句,表转折对比。 她认为我在谈她女儿,而实际上我在谈我的女儿。

She thought I was talking about her daughter, while,_in fact, I was talking about my daughter.

3.I am always the first person to get to the office. 

我总是第一个到达办公室的人。 “序数词+名词+不定式”作后置定语。 他总是第一个到教室而且是最后一个离开的学生。

He is always the_first_student_to_get_to_the_classroom and the_last_one_to_leave.

4.Usually, it's so crowded that I can't find anywhere to sit.

通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我找不到坐的地方。 “so ... that ...”引导结果状语从句。 路上的车太多,以至于我过不去。

There were so_many_cars_in_the_street_that I couldn't get through.

5.We don't have the same work hours that office workers in the city have.

我们和城市里在办公室工作的人的上班时间不同。 the same ... that ...“和……一样”。 我们英语老师穿着昨天的那件衣服。

Our English teacher wears the_same_clothes_that he did yesterday.

(四)初中考点再回顾

高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.a_feeling_of_satisfaction 满足感

2.a_man_of_few_words  寡言少语之人

3.a_photo_of_my_family  我的全家福

4.accept_an_invitation  接受邀请

5.a set of keys   一串钥匙

6.across from  在……对面 1.at_very_good_prices 以很低的价格 

2.call_110   拨打110

3.call_me_at_6034  拨打电话6034找我

4.in_English   用英语

5.at big/great sale   大降价

6.in red   穿着红色衣服 1.table manners餐桌礼仪

2.eating habits  饮食习惯

3.healthy food  健康食品

4.eat out  出去吃饭

5.take one's order  点菜

6.junk food  垃圾食品

 

一、过重点单词——

1.matter vi.要紧,重要;有重大关系 n.物质;问题;毛病

[教材原句] As long as I get good marks in my tests, it doesn't matter if I can speak English or not.

只要我能在考试中得高分,我是否会讲英语并不重要。

(1)It doesn't matter.    没关系。

It matters/doesn't matter (to sb.)+主语从句

  (对某人来说)……有关系,

  重要/没关系,不重要

(2)a matter of ...   一个……的问题  

as a matter of fact   事实上;实际上

to make matters worse=what's worse  更糟糕的是

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①It doesn't matter_to_me if I miss my train, because there's another one later.

②Is the global warming a matter of life and death to mankind?

完成句子

③I got up late today. To_make_matters_worse/What's_worse,_I met a traffic jam.

今天我起床晚了。更糟糕的是,我还遇到了交通堵塞。

④As_a_matter_of_fact,_what_matters in our life is that we should keep optimistic no matter what happens.

事实上,在我们的生活中重要的是不管发生什么事我们都应该保持乐观。

2.suppose v.理解;认为,猜想;假想;设想

[教材原句] Mmmm and my life is very stressful, I suppose.

嗯……,我认为我的生活很有压力。

(1)suppose sb./sth.(to be) ...   认为某人/某事……

be supposed to do   应该做

be supposed to have done   本该做(而未做)

(2)suppose/supposing (that) ...   假使……;假定……

(3)I suppose so./I suppose not. 我想是这样。/我想不是这样。

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①This combination of qualities is generally supposed to_be (be) extremely rare.

②You're supposed to_buy (buy) a ticket, but not many people do.

③The train is supposed to_have_arrived_(arrive) an hour ago. 

完成句子

④Suppose/Supposing_(that) you've made some progress, you should not be proud.

假定你有了一些进步,你也不应该骄傲自大。

⑤—Will he arrive at the station on time tomorrow?

—I_suppose_so.

——明天他会按时到达车站吗?

——我想他会的。

[名师指津] suppose/supposing (that), assuming (that), providing/provided (that), given (that)可以作连词,引导条件状语从句,意为“如果,假如”,表示一种假设条件。

3.complain vi.抱怨;投诉

[经典例句] She often complains about not feeling appreciated at work.(朗文P434)

她常常抱怨说在工作上得不到赏识。

[练牢基点] 写出下列句中complain的含义

①He complained that he couldn't find a job anywhere.抱怨

②I wish to complain about the washing machine that I bought last month; it stopped working again.投诉

[系统考点]

(1)complain that ...        抱怨……

complain (to sb.) about/of sth.   (向某人)抱怨某事

complain against/about sth.   抱怨/投诉某事

(2)complaint n.   抱怨,投诉

make a complaint against/about   投诉……

[练通重点]

单句语法填空

③I am now writing to make a complaint against/about the service of your hotel.

④The American couple complained about/of the high cost of visiting Europe.

⑤The police received several complaints_(complain) about the noise from our party.

单句改错

⑥Mrs. Jones complained the doctor that her back always hurts her.complained后加to

4.prefer vt.更喜欢,宁愿

[教材原句] I prefer meeting people in small groups.

我更喜欢与一小群人见面。

(1)prefer doing/to do sth.  更喜欢做某事

prefer sth. to sth.   喜欢某物胜过某物

prefer sb.to do sth.   宁愿某人做某事

(2)prefer doing ... to doing ...

=prefer to do ... rather than do ...

=would do ... rather than do ...

=would rather do ... than do ...   宁愿做……而不愿做……

(3)preference n.   喜爱,偏爱

have a preference for ...   偏爱……

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①Some people prefer to_do/doing (do) almost everything over the Internet.

②I should prefer you not to_stay (stay) there too long.

③I have a preference (prefer) for serious novels to popular fictions.

④According to Science Daily, about one­third of people are likely to prefer shoes_to_a fun trip.

一句多译

孩子们宁愿骑自行车到乡下去,也不愿整天待在家里。

⑤The children preferred_to_cycle_to_the_countryside_rather_than_stay_indoors all the day.(prefer to ...rather than ...)

⑥The children preferred_cycling_to_the_countryside_to_staying_indoors all the day.(prefer ...to ...)

⑦The children would_cycle_to_the_countryside_rather_than_stay_indoors all the day.(would ...rather than ...)

⑧The children would_rather_cycle_to_the_countryside_than_stay_indoors all the day.(would rather ...than ...)

[名师指津] (1)prefer不用于进行时态,也不用于被动语态。

(2)prefer意为like better,不能说prefer more/better。

5.stand vt.忍耐,忍受;承受 n.看台;货摊;立场

[教材原句] I can't stand talking in front of the class.

我无法忍受在全班同学面前讲话。

[一词多义] 下列写出句中stand的含义

①The shop was crowded with display stands and boxes.货摊

②His heart won't stand the strain much longer.承受

③He was criticized for his tough stand on immigration.立场

④In the stands, his friends and family came to watch his last game.看台

⑤When he couldn't stand it no longer, he rose abruptly to his feet.忍受

[归纳拓展]

can't stand doing sth.  不能忍受做某事

stand against   反对;经受住;倚着……站着

stand by   旁观,支持

stand for   象征,代表

stand out   突出,显眼,引人注目

stand up   站立;站起来

In China, the Chinese knots stand for friendship, love and good luck.

在中国,中国结代表友谊、爱和好运。

Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area.

多萝西作为那个在偏远地区风华正茂的人,在我的记忆中非常突出。

[联想发散] 请想一想除了stand之外,表示“忍受,容忍”的表达还有哪些?

①bear ②tolerate ③put_up_with 

[名师指津] stand作“容忍,忍受”讲时,后接动词­ing形式作宾语,常用于否定句和疑问句中,无进行时态,也不用于被动语态。

⑥I can't stand being_woken (wake) up by the noise outside at night.

我无法忍受深夜被外面的噪音吵醒。

6.support vt.& n.支持;支撑

[教材原句] His idea to organise a big party has won support from his friends.

他的组织一个大型聚会的建议已经得到了朋友的支持。

(1)support sb. in (doing) sth.    支持某人(做)某事

(2)lend/give/offer support to sb.   支持某人

in support of ...=in favour of ...   支持/拥护……

with/without the support of (不)在……的支持下

(3)supporter n.   支持者;拥护者

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①My parents always support me in what I want to do.

②With the support of the Chinese government, many patients in poor areas can afford to go to hospital.

③Our government offers support_to_the graduates who plan to run their own businesses.

④He has been a keen supporter (support) of the Labour Party all his life.

⑤Several members spoke in support of the volunteers at the meeting yesterday.

7.design n.& vt.设计;安排;图案;意图;计划

[经典例句] The basic design of the car is very similar to that of earlier models.(牛津P540)

这种汽车的基本设计与早期的样式基本相似。

(1)by design=on purpose    故意地

(2)design ... as ...   打算把……作……用

design sb. to do/be ...   打算让某人做某事/成为

be designed to do sth.   目的是/打算做某事

be designed for   为……所设计

(3)designer n.   设计师,设计者

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①Her wedding dress is made by a very famous fashion designer_(design).

②A lot of people often forget that oral exams are designed to_test (test) our communicative ability.

③His parents designed him to_be_(be) a doctor after his graduating from Shandong University.

④The method is specifically designed for use in small groups.

⑤Do you think the traffic accident was caused by accident or by design?

⑥The book is designed as a reference manual.

8.suffer vi.感到疼痛,遭受(痛苦)

[经典例句] Many companies are suffering from a shortage of skilled staff.(牛津P2019)

许多公司苦于缺乏熟练员工。

(1)suffer vt.  “遭受;蒙受”,后常接pain, loss, defeat, poverty, hunger, punishment, hardship, damage等名词作宾语

(2)suffer vi.   后常接from,表示“受……折磨;受……之苦;患某种疾病”

(3)suffering n.  [U]痛苦;苦难;[pl.]痛苦;苦恼

sufferer n.  患者;受害者

[多角练透]

单句语法填空

①The old man is said to have gone through varieties of sufferings (suffer) during the war.

②She suffered_from_loneliness, but she had to learn to like it there.

③The sufferer (suffer) has decided to give up smoking.

完成句子

④There is no denying that our earth is_suffering_severe_damage.

不可否认,我们的地球正遭受着严重的破坏。

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.I can't stand people complaining (complain) around me when I'm working.

2.All his workmates suppose him to_be (be) an expert in this field.

3.Having_suffered (suffer) defeat after defeat, he began to lose faith in himself.

4.In support of his sister, he sold his only house to pay the school fee.

5.The programme is designed to_help (help) people who have been out of work for a long time.

6.It doesn't matter to me whether to go by ship or by train.

7.My dad prefers me not to_swim (swim) in that river because it's too dangerous.

8.If you have a complaint (complain) about your holiday, please inform us in writing.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.John complained the bookseller that there were several pages missing in the dictionary.complained后加to

2.It is true that we may suffer from failure from time to time.去掉第一个from

3.I can't say which wine is best — it's the matter of personal taste.the→a

4.Supposed we can't solve the problem, what shall we do next?Supposed→Suppose/Supposing

5.Many children prefer to playing games on the computer rather than play outside.playing→play

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.He was_supposed_to_have_helped_us,_but he didn't.

他本应该帮助我们的,但是他没有。

2.Several experts have spoken in_support_of_the_plan.

几位专家都表示支持这项计划。

3.It_doesn't_matter_whether the present is expensive or not. What_really_matters is whether it comes from your inner heart.

礼物贵不贵不重要,真正重要的是它是否来自你的内心。

4.You are likely to suffer_from_bad_health_if you keep smoking.

如果你继续吸烟,你的身体健康可能会受到损害。

5.She is the sort of person who stands_out_in_a_crowd.

她是那种在人群中很显眼的人。

二、过短语、句式——

 

1.go off(铃、爆竹等)响;爆炸;离开;(食物等)变质;变差;不再喜欢

[教材原句] I normally wake up about five minutes before my alarm clock goes off.

我一般在闹钟响前大约5分钟醒来。

[一词多义] 写出下列句中go off的含义

①I've gone off tea. Please give me some coffee.不再喜欢

②Don't go off without saying goodbye.离开

③Meat goes off quickly in hot weather.(食物等)变质

④The guard loosened the dogs when the burglar alarm went off.铃响

⑤Fireworks were going off all over the city.(爆炸等)响

[归纳拓展]

go against      违背;违反

go by   逝去;过去

go over   复习;仔细检查

go up   上涨;上升;攀登

go through   经历;检查;完成;(法案等)通过

If you go against nature, it will punish you.

如果你违背了大自然,它就会惩罚你。

Our teacher chose many important exercises for us, and I went over the language points at the same time.(2014·四川高考书面表达)

我们的老师为我们选了很多重要的习题,同时我复习语言点。

They were always ready to go through fire and water for their motherland.

他们随时准备为祖国赴汤蹈火。

2.take up拿起;接受;开始从事;继续;占用(时间);占据(空间)

[教材原句] Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day.

会议、电话不断,占据了白天的大部分时间。

[一词多义] 写出句中take up的含义

①You should take up my suggestion and start saving money.接受

②He took up the telephone and called his mother.拿起

③Important people don't often have much free time as their work takes up all their time.占用(时间)

④Let me sum up last lesson; after that we take up a new lesson.继续

⑤After he retired from office, my father took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest.开始从事

[归纳拓展]

take in         吸收;收留;欺骗;领会

take on   雇用;承担(工作、责任);呈现

take off   去掉;脱掉;起飞;(事业)腾飞

take over   接管

take ... for granted   认为……理所当然

Internet shopping will ready take off when people make sure that it is safe.

当人们确信了网购的安全性时,它就已经成功了

No other organization was able or willing to take on the job.

没有任何别的组织有能力或愿意承担此项工作。

She decided that I was the ideal person to take over the job.

她认定我是接手这份工作的最佳人选。

3.come up with提出;想出;赶上

[教材原句] To solve this problem, the Duchess came up with the clever idea of inviting some friends to join her for an afternoon meal between four and five o'clock.

为解决这个问题,公爵夫人想出了好办法:在下午四点到五点之间,邀请一些朋友到她那里吃下午餐。

[归纳拓展]

①come up        走近;上来;被提出,被提及

②come about   发生;产生

③come across   遇见,(偶然)发现;被理解

④When it comes to ...   涉及/谈到……

[应用领悟]

①You'd better not consult a dictionary every time you come across a new word.

你最好不要每次遇到生词就查字典。

②The question of wage increases came up at the board meeting.

增加工资问题已在董事会上提出。

③How did it come about that he knew where we were?

他是怎么知道我们在什么地方的呢?

④When it comes to students' surfing the Internet, some people think students can benefit from it.

当谈到学生上网,有些人认为学生可以从中获益。

4.so ...that ...“如此……以至于……”

Usually, it's so crowded that I can't find anywhere to sit.

通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我找不到坐的地方。

(1)so ... that ...引导结果状语从句,其结构如下:

so+

(2)引导结果状语从句的结构还有:

such+

①We did so_well_that we were invited to share our idea and experience with all the students of our school.(2016·北京高考书面表达)

我们做得如此好,以至于我们被邀请与我们学校的所有学生分享我们的想法和经验。

②The West Lake is so_beautiful_that we all like it.

西湖是如此优美以至于我们大家都喜欢它。

③He earned so_little_money_that he couldn't support his family.

他挣这么少的钱,以至于养不起家。

④He has made such_great_progress_that the teachers are pleased with him.

他进步很快,老师们对他感到很满意。

[名师指津] (1)little既有“少”的意思,又有“小”的意思。当“少”讲时后接不可数名词,用so修饰;当“小”讲时后接可数名词,用such修饰。

(2)在上述结构中,当so或such位于句首时,主句用倒装结构。

⑤So hard did_the_boy_study that he passed the exam.

这个男孩学习如此刻苦以至于他通过了考试。

5.the same ...that “和……一样”

We don't have the_same work hours that office workers in the city have.

我们和城市里在办公室工作的人的上班时间不同。

本句使用了the same ...that句型,先行词之前有the same作定语时,引导定语从句的关系词只能用that或as。

(1)the same ( ...) that意为“和……一样”,定语从句中that所指代的人或物与先行词是同一个。

(2)the same ( ...) as ...意为“和……一样,和……相似”,定语从句中as所指代的人或物与先行词是同一类。

①This is the same iPhone 8 that I bought the other day.

这是我前几天买的那部苹果8手机。(同一个)

②She has the same fair hair and blue eyes as her mother has.

她和她母亲一样有着金黄色的头发和蓝色的眼睛。(同一类)

 

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.We haven't a fridge and the milk goes off_within a day in hot weather.

2.When did you take up_Japanese as a second foreign language?

3.He was so honest that he was praised by the teacher.

4.Go over your homework before you hand it in.

5.Tell the boy to switch off all lights as he leaves the room.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.He was invited to play role in this TV play.role前加a

2.Being an explorer, Tom found that his life was filling with challenges and risks.filling→filled

3.It was so bad weather that we stayed at home all the day.so→such

4.We took turn to tell jokes at Jim's birthday party.turn→turns

5.We all feel it is Jack as well as his wife that are to blame for their son's bad behaviour at school.are→is

6.A good plan came up with at the meeting yesterday.去掉with

Ⅲ.完成句子/翻译句子

1.1931年,亚当斯成为美国第一个获得诺贝尔和平奖的女性。

In 1931, Addams became the_first_American_woman_to_win the Nobel Peace Prize.

2.你认为谁将设计在市中心修建的电影院?

Who_do_you_think will design the cinema to be built in the city center?

3.这台电脑和我前几天买的那台电脑属于同一款。(the same ...as ...)

This_is_the_same_computer_as_I_bought_the_other_day.

4.我摔了那么多跤以至于浑身青一块紫一块的。(so ...that ...)

I_have_had_so_many_falls_that_I'm_black_and_blue_all_over.

三、过语法、写作——

(一)单元小语法

  ——一般现在时和现在进行时

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.Tony found a better job in Beijing and is_teaching (teach) in a middle school there now.

2.We all know that lightning travels (travel) faster than thunder.

3.The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front is_expected (expect) to arrive.

4.Next Sunday many people are_coming (come) to my birthday party.

5.It often takes (take) him half an hour to finish his homework.

6.I will discuss this matter with you when we meet (meet) next time.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Many cultural relics in the world, such as the Great Wall, the Potala Palace and the Mogao Grottoes, belonged to China.belonged→belong_

2.I'll give the book to him as soon as he came back.came→comes

3.As you can see, the number of cars on the roads kept rising these days.kept→keeps

4.If he won, I will inform you as soon as possible.won→wins

5.The boy felt hot on the forehead, so he must be sent to hospital at once.felt→feels

Ⅲ.完成句子

1.The building looks_very_beautiful.

这座建筑看上去很美。

2.He is_always_complaining_about his busy work.

他老是抱怨自己忙碌的工作。

3.I learned that the earth_goes_around_the_sun when I was in primary school.

我上小学时就知道了地球围绕太阳转。

4.How are_you_getting_along_with_your_study_these days?

近来你的学习怎样?

(二)课堂微写作

  练补写——让行文更条理

[题目要求]

假如你是李华,你的朋友Mike写信来询问你的日常生活。请你用英语给他写一封回信,告诉他你的情况。词数100词左右。

[补写提示] 请按提示线索补写下列习作的中间段落

Dear Mike,

It's great to hear from you. You asked me about my daily life and now I will tell you something about it.

当设计师→设计广告占据大部分时间→工作充满挑战→花费时间提升自己→空闲时听音乐

Altogether, I live a busy but rich and happy life. What about you? Can you tell me something about your daily life?I'm looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

[答案示例]

Dear Mike,

It's great to hear from you. You asked me about my daily life and now I will tell you something about it.

As a designer, designing advertisements takes up most of my time every day. My work is filled with so many challenges that I have to spend a great deal of my spare time improving myself. When I am free, I prefer to listen to some relaxing music rather than switch on the TV or join in social activities.

Altogether, I live a busy but rich and happy life. What about you? Can you tell me something about your daily life?I'm looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

(2018·辽宁名校联考)

Shakespeare's Birthplace and Exhibition

Henley Street, Stratford­upon­Avon Tel: 01789 204016

Shakespeare's birthplace was the childhood home of William Shakespeare. Take a step back in time and see what life was like for the young Shakespeare growing up in Stratford­upon­Avon. The house has been exactly furnished, and includes both original and copy items similar to those which would have been there in the house when Shakespeare was a boy. Beautiful painted cloths hang on the walls, brightly colored fabrics fill the rooms and his father's glove workshop has been recreated. At the back of the house is a beautiful garden containing many plants, herbs and flowers mentioned in Shakespeare's plays.

The neighboring exhibition shows Shakespeare's life and focuses on many rare local items connected with him, as well as a copy of the first edition of his collected plays published in 1623.

◎Limited disabled access 

◎Many restaurants close to Shakespeare's birthplace

◎Town center parking

◎Gift shops 

◎Allow at least 45 minutes to visit the house and the exhibition

 

 

Adult £6.70 Child £2.60 Family £15.00

Summer Mid Winter

Jun.-Aug. Apr.-May

 Sep.-Oct. Nov.-Mar.

open Last

 Entry Open Last 

Entry Open Last 

Entry

Monday-

Saturday 9 am 5:30 pm 10 am 5 pm 10 am 4 pm

Sunday 9:30 am 6 pm 10 am 5:30 pm 10:30 am 4 pm

 

 

21.How much would they pay if a couple with their two children visit the exhibition?

A.£5.2.         B.£13.4.

C.£15.  D.£18.6.

解析:选C 细节理解题。结合题干可知,是一家人去参观莎士比亚故居,结合文章图表中的“Family £15.00”可知,一家人去参观需要£15。

22.What is the deadline to enter the exhibition on Friday in July?

A.4 pm.          B.5 pm.

C.5:30 pm.  D.6 pm.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据文章图表时间“Jun.-Aug.”和对应的“Monday-Saturday”并结合题干可知,7月的周五参观莎士比亚故居最迟的时间是下午5点30分。

23.What can we see in Shakespeare's birthplace?

A.Old furniture.          B.Ancient restaurants.

C.Colored gloves.  D.Shakespeare's plays.

解析:选A 推理判断题。根据第一段的第三句“The house has been exactly furnished, and includes both original and copy items similar to those which would have been there in the house when Shakespeare was a boy”可知,在莎士比亚故居可以看到一些保留下来的旧家具,故选A。

B

(2018·银川二中高考模拟)Alibaba started taking the lead in China by connecting big Chinese manufacturers (制造商) with big buyers across the world.Its business­to­business site, Alibaba.com allowed businesses to buy almost everything.Alibaba's advantage wasn't hard to judge: size.Alibaba is just big, even by Chinese standards.Its market attracts about 231 million active buyers, 8 million sellers, 

11.3 billion orders a year — and Alibaba is just the middleman.It encourages people to use its markets — not charging small sellers a percentage of the sale.

If you want a quick look into the influence of Alibaba on Chinese daily life, take my experience.I moved to Beijing a year ago and quickly got tired of visiting small stores across the crowded, polluted city of 20 million people in search of new electronics, bathroom furnishings, and anything else my wife wanted.“You're looking for what exactly?Why not try it?” my Chinese teacher asked me one day.With that, my wonderful new relationship with Alibaba began.

Alibaba's original business­to­business model now is second to consumer buying.Chinese retail (零售) buying makes up 80% of Alibaba's profit, and leading that group is Taobao, with 800 million items for sale and the most unbelievable selection of things you'll never find. Tmall.com is Alibaba's another big site, where you can find brand­name goods from Nike to Unilever almost at the lowest prices.

What I have a hard time explaining to friends and family back in the U.S. is how China has gone beyond traditional shopping — big­box retailers especially — in favor of online purchases on Taobao and a few other sites.In smaller towns than Beijing, Taobao will be the first choice when shopping online.

I have a list of some of my recent purchases on Taobao for a sense of how wide the marketplace is.Almost everything arrived a day or two after ordering with free shipping.I'm not even a big buyer, because I need friends to help me search the Chinese­language site.When I was searching my purchase history on my Chinese teacher's iPad, which helps me buy goods, I looked through with great difficulty about 10 of her purchases for every one of mine.

语篇解读:本文主要介绍了阿里巴巴对人们的购物产生的巨大影响,它已经深入到人们日常生活的方方面面。

24.Alibaba's advantage mainly lies in ________.

A.its low price

B.its not charging small sellers

C.its big size

D.its business­to­business service

解析:选C 细节理解题。由第一段第三、四句“Alibaba's advantage wasn't hard to judge: size.Alibaba is just big, even by Chinese standards.”可知,阿里巴巴的优势就在于规模大。故选C项。

25.We know from the passage that Alibaba ________.

A.acts as a bridge between the buyers and sellers

B.charges small sellers on its site a percentage of the sale

C.sells everything you want online

D.has taken the place of traditional stores

解析:选A 推理判断题。由第一段第一句“... by connecting big Chinese manufacturers (制造商) with big buyers across the world.”可知,阿里巴巴的运营模式是将制造商与买家联系起来,由此推断出阿里巴巴起到了桥梁的作用,故选A项。由第一段最后一句“... not charging small sellers a percentage of the sale.”可排除B项;由第一段第二句中的“almost everything”可排除C项;D项在文中未提及。

26.What can be inferred from the last 3 paragraphs?

A.Taobao sells millions of items with the lowest price.

B.Alibaba's profit mainly consists of Chinese retail buying.

C.Tmall.com is more popular than Taobao.

D.The author can purchase items on Taobao without any difficulty now.

解析:选B 推理判断题。由第三段第二句“Chinese retail (零售) buying makes up 80% of Alibaba's profit ...”可知,中国人的零售购买占了阿里巴巴利润的80%,故选B项。

27.What is the passage mainly about?

A.Taobao, the best choice for shopping online in China.

B.Alibaba influences people's daily purchase in China.

C.Shopping online goes beyond traditional shopping in China.

D.How the author learns to purchase online in China.

解析:选B 主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文主要论述了阿里巴巴对人们日常购物产生的巨大影响,故选B项。

C

(2018·日照市校际联合检测)

Stephen Hawking Warns Humans

Must Leave Earth Soon

Professor Stephen Hawking recently came out with a serious warning for people. While at the Starmus Festival, a festival in Trondheim, Norway, celebrating science and the arts, Hawking warned people that the human race is in serious danger.

Hawking criticized President Donald Trump for denying climate change. Then the physicist warned the audience, “I am not denying the importance of fighting climate change and global warming, unlike Donald Trump, who may just have taken the most serious and wrong decision on climate change this world has seen.”

Hawking proposed that the leading countries should send astronauts to the Moon before 2020 to restart a movement of more exploration in space. The BBC reported that Hawking suggested that we “build a lunar base in 30 years' time and send people to Mars by 2025”.

According  to  the  BBC,  Professor  Hawking  said, “Spreading out into space will completely change the future of humanity.” He continued, “I hope it would unite competitive nations in a single goal to face the common challenge for us all.” The physicist shared more ideas to motivate the younger generation to continue exploring space. Hawking stated, “A new and ambitious space program would excite (young people), and stimulate interest in other areas, such as astrophysics (天体物理学) and cosmology (宇宙学).”

Hawking also revealed his vision of other forms of energy that could move us to a new planet. He warned the audience, “The Earth is under threat from so many areas that it is difficult for me to be positive.” He continued, “Our natural resources  are being drained at an alarming rate. We have given our planet the disastrous gifts of climate change, rising temperatures, reduction of the polar ice caps, deforestation (滥伐森林), and decimation (大批杀死) of animal species. We can be an ignorant and unthinking (考虑不周的) lot.”

The professor warned the audience that doing nothing would lead nowhere. He said, “If we succeed we will send a probe (航天探测器) to Alpha Centauri  within the lifetime of some of you alive today. It is clear that we are entering a new space age. We are standing at the threshold (开端) of a new era. Human colonization and moving to other planets is no longer science fiction, and it can be science fact.” Hawking advised the audience to move to other worlds because we are running out of space.

语篇解读:文章引用了世界知名物理学家及天文学家霍金的观点,阐明了人类必须离开地球在太空中找一处新家的原因。

28.According to Hawking, what is the first step for humans to spread out into space?

A.To send people to Mars.

B.To build a lunar base.

C.To send astronauts to the Moon.

D.To change the future of humanity.

解析:选C 细节理解题。由文章第三段的第一句可知,人类要向太空扩展应在2020年之前把宇航员送到月球以重启太空探索,故选C项。

29.The underlined word “drained” in Paragraph 5 can be replaced  by “________”.

A.speeded up  B.stored

C.used up  D.explored

解析:选C 词义猜测题。由该词前面的“natural resources”和后面的“at an alarming rate”可以推断出,drain在这里是“用完,耗尽”的意思,故选C项。

30.What is Hawking's attitude towards the Earth's future?

A.Pessimistic.  B.Confused.

C.Positive.  D.Indifferent.

解析:选A 观点态度题。由文章中反复出现的“warned”以及第五段的内容可以推断出,霍金对地球的未来持悲观的态度,这也是他提出人类要离开地球的原因,故选A项。

31.The reason why humans must leave the Earth soon is that ________.

A.the Earth is under threat and the human race is in serious danger

B.humans have found other forms of energy to move to a new planet

C.a new and ambitious space program would excite young people

D.astronauts have found a better world in space than the Earth

解析:选A 细节理解题。由第一段的第二句和第五段的第二句可知,人类必须离开地球的原因是:人类处于危险之中,地球受到威胁,故选A项。

D

Living among trees, plants and flowers can fill your life with beauty. And if you are a woman, it can also help you live longer.

Women who live in homes surrounded by plants appear to have lower death rates than women who live in areas with less green plants, according to a research.

Peter James and his team looked at information from one of the largest and oldest investigations of women's health: the Nurses' Health Study.

For the new study, the team looked at the death rates of more than 100,000 women between the years 2008 and 2015. Then the researchers compared the death rates of these women to the green plants around their homes. To determine the amount of trees and other vegetation (植被), researchers examined satellite images.

To make it more believable, the researchers considered other risk factors — things such as the age of the women, their economic status, and race. They also looked at whether or not the women smoked.

Peter James says he and his team were surprised to find such a strong link between high vegetation levels and low death rates. He adds they were also surprised to find how high levels of plant life can affect a woman's mental health.

The study suggests that living among vegetation lowered levels of depression. Researchers say women in greener areas spent more time with other people, exercised more and were less exposed to air pollution.

One of the biggest effects of greenery appeared to be a lowered risk of cancer. Here are some numbers. The study found that women living in the greenest areas had a 13 percent lower rate of dying from cancer.

James says that it is common knowledge that vegetation helps the environment in many ways. But, he adds, the new findings suggest ways for city planners, landscape architects and policymakers to grow even healthier living areas.

语篇解读:植物对环境有很多益处。研究者认为,女性若住在四处环绕植物的地方,死亡率会较低、可以减轻抑郁以及降低患癌症的风险;而且还发现植物寿命长短可影响女性的心理健康。

32.What's the author's purpose in writing the text?

A.To introduce the green environment and call on people to enjoy it.

B.To show women living in green areas are more likely to live long.

C.To show the relationship between animals and plants.

D.To give some tips on how to live long.

解析:选B 写作目的题。文章第一段引出话题,第二段提出本文的主题——女性若住在四处环绕植物的地方,死亡率会较低,下文对此话题展开说明,并详细介绍了该研究是如何进行的。由此可推断,作者写作本文的目的是说明生活在绿色植物较多的区域的女性可能寿命更长。故选B项。

33.How did the researchers make the research more convincing?

A.By studying more people.

B.By examining satellite images.

C.By taking more factors into account.

D.By cooperating with the Nurses' Health Study.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据第五段第一句“To make it more believable, the researchers considered other risk factors — things such as the age of the women, their economic status, and race.”可知,为了使研究更有说服力,研究者考虑了很多因素。故选C项。

34.When James found the connection between vegetation levels and death rates, he was ________.

A.excited         B.unconcerned

C.relieved  D.surprised

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第六段第一句“Peter James says he and his team were surprised to find such a strong link between high vegetation levels and low death rates.”可知,当詹姆斯和他的团队发现高绿化率和低死亡率之间存在密切的联系时,他们很惊讶。故选D项。

35.What can we learn from the text?

A.People are unlikely to develop cancer because of living with green plants.

B.People die from cancer more than from other diseases.

C.Living with green plants can help lower depression.

D.This finding is specially made for city planners.

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据文章第七段第一句“The study suggests that living among vegetation lowered levels of depression.”可知,住在四处环绕植物的地方可以帮助减轻抑郁。故选C项。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

It can be difficult to make friends living in a big city, especially when you don't know many people. Over years of experience and studying social skills, I discovered it's possible to make friends without even trying. Here are just a few strategies that you can use.

·Be seen without trying to get attention.

__36__ All you have to do is place yourself in environments where people will see you. This can be done anywhere you go, such as the supermarket or your yoga studio.

·Use the power of listening.

There's an interesting phenomenon that occurs when you listen to other people — they'll keep talking. Just keep giving them good eye contact and show with your body language that you care. __37__

·Think about what you can give to other people.

So often we think about what we can get out of others when making friends, but that thinking needs to be turned around. Try offering a piece of helpful advice or invite someone you just met to have lunch with you the following week.

·__38__

When you have at least a few stories to share with others, you'll never run out of things to talk about.

·__39__

It may not be natural for some of us to smile, but a smile is one of the most attractive things that someone can display when they're meeting new people.

__40__ They're always available if you want to connect with people instantly and develop true lasting friendships.

A.Smile like there's no tomorrow.

B.Think about these five strategies as tools.

C.Listening is a path to build trust and charm.

D.Always have three good stories to tell others.

E.You don't have to say anything interesting to get people's attention.

F.Think hard and you will find a good way to make friends with others.

G.Making friends is difficult, but if you try your best, you will make it.

语篇解读:生活在大城市中,尤其是没有很多认识的人的时候,或许交朋友会很困难。本文便介绍了如何与人交朋友并建立牢固的关系。

36.解析:选E 根据本段标题句“Be seen without trying to get attention.”及空后的“where people will see you”可知应选E项(你不必说有趣的事情来吸引人们的注意)。该选项中的get people's attention与本段标题相照应。

37.解析:选C 根据本段标题句“Use the power of listening.”可知,本段建议使用倾听的力量,因此C项(倾听是建立信任和魅力的途径)符合语境。

38.解析:选D 根据下文的“When you have at least a few stories to share with others ...”可知,本段讲的是“有好故事来讲给别人”。根据关键词stories可知选D项。

39.解析:选A 根据下文的关键词smile可知,本段介绍的建议与微笑有关,故选A项。

40.解析:选B 根据空后的“They're always available if you want to connect with people instantly and develop true lasting friendships.”可知,最后一段是对上文所说的五个策略的总结,故选B项。

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·东北三省大联考)Whenever Michael Carl, the fashion market director at Vanity Fair, goes out to dinner with friends, he plays something called the phone pile game: Everyone places their __41__ in the middle of the table; whoever looks at their device (设备) before the check arrives __42__ for dinner.

Brandon Holley, the former editor of Lucky magazine, had trouble __43__ her mobile phone when she got home from work. So about six months ago, she began putting her phone into a milk tin __44__ she walked in. It remains there until after dinner.

And Marc Jacobs, the fashion designer, didn't want to sleep next to a noisy __45__. So he __46__ computers and phones from his bedroom — a house rule he __47__ with audiences during a screening of his film Disconnect.

As smartphones __48__ to make their way into our lives, and wearable devices like Google Glass __49__ our personal space even further, users say these disconnecting __50__ are improving their relationships — and __51__ their brains.

“Disconnecting is something that we all need,”  Lesley M. M. Blume, a New York writer, told The New York Times. “The expectation that we must always be __52__ to everyone creates a real problem in trying to __53__ private time. But that private time is more important than ever.”

A popular method for __54__ is to choose a box for your cellphone, like Ms. Holley.“__55__ my phone is lighting up, it's still a distraction (使人分心的事物), so it goes in the __56__,”she said.

Others choose new __57__.“No screens after 11 p.m.,”said Ari Melber, a TV host.“I found the evenings were more __58__, and I was sleeping better,”he said.

Sleep is a big factor, which is why Peter Som, a fashion designer, doesn't want to sleep __59__ something that is full of photos and e­mails. He keeps his phone charging in the living room overnight.“It __60__ is a head­clearer,”said Mr. Som.

语篇解读:在日常生活中,很多人过度依赖手机,本文介绍了几位名人利用各种策略来减少手机的使用,以给自己留出个人时间。

41.A.wallets         B.handbags

C.watches  D.phones

解析:选D 本文的主题是如何远离手机,结合上文的“the phone pile game”可知,此处指吃饭时大家把手机放在桌子中间。故选D项。

42.A.pays  B.waits

C.prepares  D.reaches

解析:选A 根据上下文可知,他们是在餐馆吃饭,因此,此处表示“谁在账单到来之前看手机谁就得买单”。pay for意为“为……付钱”,符合语境。故选A项。

43.A.examining  B.ignoring

C.charging  D.finding

解析:选B 根据第二段的内容可推知,布兰登·霍利在控制自己不看手机方面有困难,所以她想了个办法:从六个月前开始,她一进门就把手机放到一个奶粉罐里。examine意为“考试;检查”;ignore意为“不理会;忽视”;charge意为“收费;开价;控告”;find意为“发现”。故选B项。

44.A.at the moment  B.for the moment

C.the moment  D.in a moment

解析:选C 设空处前后为结构完整的句子,因此,中间需要连词连接。根据语境,此处指她一回到家,the moment意为“一……就……”,符合语境。at the moment意为“此时此刻”;for the moment意为“暂时;目前”;in a moment意为“马上;很快”。

45.A.bell  B.device

C.clock  D.alarm

解析:选B 根据下文“computers and phones”可知,此处指能发出声音的设备(device)。句意:时尚设计师马克·雅各布斯不想睡在吵闹的设备旁边,因此他禁止在卧室里放置电脑和手机。故选B项。

46.A.banned  B.lost

C.collected  D.adjusted

解析:选A 根据上文“didn't want to sleep next to a noisy ________”可知,此处指他禁止在卧室里放置这些设备。ban意为“禁止;取缔”,符合语境。lose意为“失去;丧失”;collect意为“收集”;adjust意为“调整;适应”。

47.A.talked  B.agreed

C.provided  D.shared

解析:选D 根据马克·雅各布斯的职业及下文的“with audiences during a screening of his film Disconnect”可知,这是他在公众场合与观众分享(shared)的经验。故选D项。talk意为“谈论”;agree意为“同意”;provide意为“提供”。

48.A.intend  B.choose

C.continue  D.happen

解析:选C 根据下文“even further”可知,手机在持续(continue)进入我们的生活。故选C项。intend to do sth.意为“打算做某事”;choose to do sth.意为“选择做某事”;happen to do sth.意为“碰巧做某事”。

49.A.defend  B.threaten

C.improve  D.save

解析:选B 根据上文的“make their way into our lives”可知,电子设备侵占我们的私人空间,再结合人们所采取的脱离策略可知,threaten(威胁)符合语境。

50.A.techniques  B.practices

C.examples  D.achievements

解析:选A 文章前三段提到谁在账单到来之前看手机就得买单、一进门就把手机放到一个奶粉罐里以及禁止在卧室里放置电脑和手机都是一些不使用电子设备的例子,这些都是关于脱离手机的技巧(techniques)。故选A项。practice意为“练习;实践”;example意为“例子”;achievement意为“成就”。

51.A.yet  B.ever

C.just  D.even

解析:选D 结合上下文可知,电子设备在不断侵占我们的私人空间,远离电子设备对于我们所有人来说都很有必要,它可以改善人们之间的关系,甚至思维方式。根据语境,设空处表示程度更进一步。故选D项。

52.A.dependable  B.available

C.convenient  D.appealing

解析:选B 根据上下文可知,如果不偶尔脱离电子设备,随时准备与他人保持联系,这容易使我们疲于应付,而没有了个人空间。故选B项。available意为“有空的;可利用的”。

53.A.figure out  B.save up

C.set aside  D.take up

解析:选C 根据语境可知,时时保持与别人联系的期望在留出个人时间方面产生了一个问题。set aside意为“留出,拨出(金钱、时间等)”,符合语境。

54.A.connecting  B.distributing

C.entertaining  D.disconnecting

解析:选D 上文都在谈论disconnecting的重要性,结合本段中提到的“to choose a box for your cellphone”可知此处指脱离(disconnecting)手机的方法,故选D项。此处为原词重现。

55.A.Unless  B.If

C.Since  D.Although

解析:选B 根据句意“如果手机屏幕亮起,这依然是分心的事,因此……”可知,设空处引导条件句,故选B项。

56.A.box  B.room

C.pocket  D.bag

解析:选A 根据上文的“A popular method for ________ is to choose a box for your cellphone”可知,手机屏幕亮起仍是一件让人分心的事情,所以就把它放到一个盒子里。故选A项。上文的“choose a box”也是提示。

57.A.games  B.orders

C.steps  D.rules

解析:选D 上文所述的是一些人远离手机的规则,再根据空后的“No screens after 11 p.m.,”可知,其他人选择了不同的规则。故选D项。game意为“游戏;体育活动”;order意为“命令;顺序”;step意为“步骤”。

58.A.flexible  B.urgent

C.relaxing  D.upset

解析:选C 根据下文的“...and I was sleeping better”可知,睡得好说明放松了。flexible意为“灵活的;柔韧的”;urgent意为“紧急的;急切的”;relaxing意为“使人放松的”;upset意为“烦恼的;不快的”。

59.A.far from  B.next to

C.beyond  D.within

解析:选B 这里对应第三段的“And Marc Jacobs, the fashion designer, didn't want to sleep next to a noisy ________.”以及下文的“keeps his phone charging in the living room overnight”;由他把手机放到客厅可知,他不喜欢把手机放在旁边睡觉。far from意为“远离”;next to意为“紧挨着”;beyond意为“超出;非……所及”;within意为“在……之内”。故选B项。

60.A.definitely  B.rarely

C.finally  D.originally

解析:选A 根据上下文可知,此处指把手机放到客厅的好处:这绝对是种大脑清洁剂。definitely意为“确切地;肯定地”;rarely意为“罕见地”;finally意为“最终”;originally意为“原先地;最初地”。根据语境可知选A项。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

(2018·湖北八校联考)

Passing Life's Tests with Love

When I was in school, I could always tell when my class was about to take a test. You could feel the __61__ (anxious) in the air. Their smiles were tight, everyone __62__ (tap) their pencils on desks. A few students tried to tell jokes to relax. Most of us wanted to start, so we could just get it over with.

Every once in while, however, a teacher would give us a break and announce that the test was going to be open book. __63__ (immediate), you could see our smiles __64__ (return). A few students would laugh, and you could even hear a cheer or two. The pressure went __65__. As we took out our books, all of __66__ (we) knew that the answers would be right in front of us. All we had to do was find them.

Many people say that life __67__ (be) one long series of tests we have to face. This is true. But __68__ most people don't realize is that they are all open book tests. The answers are always right there in front of you, and they are so simple. You just have to open the book of your soul to any page, __69__ you will see the words,“JUST LOVE”. Just love yourself. Just love everyone as yourself. When you do this, you will pass every test that life throws at you. When you do this you will make the world a __70__ (bright), better and happier place.

语篇解读:学生时代,人人惧怕考试,而之后的生活也是由一个又一个的考试组成的。只要你充满爱心,就会通过每一次检验,生活也会变得更美好。

61.anxiety 考查词性转换。句意:你可以感觉到空气中的焦虑。设空处位于冠词the之后,应用名词形式。故填anxiety。

62.tapping 考查非谓语动词。句意:他们笑容紧绷,每个人都在课桌上轻敲着铅笔。分析句子结构可知,前后两部分之间没有连词连接,因此“everyone ________ their pencils on desks”不是一个完整的分句,而是独立主格,在句中作状语;tap与其逻辑主语everyone之间是主动关系,应用现在分词形式。故填tapping。

63.Immediately 考查词性转换。句意:你可以看到我们的笑容马上就回来了。设空处在句中作状语,应用副词。故填Immediately。

64.return(ed) 考查非谓语动词。句意见上一题解析。此处为“see+宾语+宾补”结构,see为感官动词,其后常用不带to的不定式。故填return。此处还可填returned,构成“see+that从句”,returned为从句谓语。

65.away 考查固定短语。句意:压力消失了。go away意为“(问题、不愉快的感觉等)消失”,为固定短语,符合句意。故填away。

66.us 考查代词。句意:当我们拿出书的时候,我们所有的人都知道答案就在我们面前。设空处作all of的宾语,且指代从句中的we,应用us。

67.is 考查时态。句意:许多人说生活是一系列我们不得不面对的测试。此空所在的主句为一般现在时,且此处表达的是现在的一种状态,故应用一般现在时,所以应填is。

68.what 考查名词性从句。句意:但是大部分人没有意识到的是它们都是开卷考试。分析句子结构可知,设空处引导主语从句,且从句中缺少宾语,指事或物,故用what引导。

69.and/where 考查连词。句意:你只需要打开你灵魂之书的任何一页,你就会看到这些词:“去爱就好。”根据句意可知,前后之间为顺承关系,故用and连接。此处也可填where,构成定语从句修饰any page。

70.brighter 考查形容词比较级。句意:当你这样做的时候,世界会变成一个更明亮、更美好、更幸福的地方。根据句意可知,此处暗含比较意义,与其后的better与happier为并列关系,应用比较级。故填brighter。

 

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

(2018·江西省重点中学盟校联合模拟)

Last Monday, my aunt went to attend a meeting. After a meeting, my aunt went to a restaurant for lunch. However, when it was time pay the bill, she couldn't find her purse. She remembered she had it when she leaves the hotel. She thought someone must have stolen her purse. Just then, a man in his early twenty came up and paid the bill for him. My aunt was very gratefully. They talked for a while but my aunt finally realized that who the young man was. My aunt had before collecting some money to help the son of a man she'd met. What surprised her were that the young man should be the son.

答案:第二句:第一个a→the

第三句:pay前加to

第四句:leaves→left

第六句:twenty→twenties; him→her

第七句:gratefully→grateful

第八句:but→and; 去掉that

第九句:collecting→collected

第十句:were→was

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,请用英语给今年考入哈佛大学的朋友John写封信,信的内容包括:

1.祝贺他考入哈佛大学;

2.请他谈谈学习方法;

3.祝他在大学里生活愉快。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear John,

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

Yours,

Li Hua

参考范文:

Dear John,

Sincere congratulations on your admission to Harvard University! I'm really delighted to see that your hard work has paid off.

Since I am going to take the National College Entrance Examination next year, I hope that you can share some effective methods you used in high school. For example, how did you reasonably manage your time?Sometimes I do not even have enough time to finish my homework. Moreover, could you please tell me how to deal with stress and anxiety? I have been under pressure for a long time, especially when I am not satisfied with my grades. Thank you very much indeed.

May you enjoy yourself in Harvard University!Looking forward to your reply!

Yours,

Li Hua

Ⅱ.单元基础回扣练

(一)单句语法填空

1.I can't stand staying (stay) outside in such a cold weather.

2.Programs, designed_(design) to join the old and the young together, are growing in popularity all over the world.

3.For example, playing football and watching TV take up much of my spare time.

4.If someone is always complaining about/of life, he won't experience the real happiness of life.

5.It is urgent that doctors and nurses (should)_be_sent (send) to the earthquake­stricken area.

(二)单句改错 

1.Some fat people suffer some diseases, high blood pressure, for example.suffer后加from

2.It was so bad weather that we stayed at home all the day.so→such

3.It doesn't matter for me what to do as long as I work with you.for→to

4.If you can't get any satisfaction, complain the park owner.complain后加to

5.A good plan came up with at the meeting yesterday.去掉with 

(三)完成句子

1.He likes pop music, while_I_am_fond_of_folk_music.

他喜欢流行音乐,而我喜欢民间音乐。

2.I prefer taking_exercise_outdoors_to_surfing the Internet at home.

我宁愿到户外进行锻炼也不愿待在家里上网。

3.This is_the_same_pen_as_I_lost_last week.

这同我上周丢失的那支钢笔一样。

4.As far as I know, he was the_first_man_to_pass_the_driving_test.

据我所知,他是第一个通过驾考的人。

5.Which_part_of_this_book_do_you_think is the most interesting?

你认为这本书中哪一部分最有趣?

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