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初中英语背悟用情景对话的秘笈

初中英语背悟用情景对话的秘笈

情景对话在日常交际中十分实用,是用英语传递信息最简洁有效的方式。因此,情景对话对于英语初学者来说至关重要。下面是背诵、领悟和运用情景对话的实例。

第一步:首先听该情景对话的朗读录音多遍,直至通过听写下这个情景对话。然后大声朗读这个情景对话直至背诵为止。

Kate: Hello! May I speak to Ann, please?

Mrs. Read: I’m sorry she isn’t here right now. Who’s speaking?

Kate: This is Kate.

Mrs. Read: Ann isn’t back . Can I take a message?

Kate: That’s very kind of you. I’m calling to ask her if she is free tomorrow. It’ March 12th, Tree Planting Day tomorrow. And We’re going to plant trees on the hill.

Mrs. Read: I think she’ll be very glad to join you.

Kate: We’ll meet at the school gate at 7:00. Please tell her to be on time if she comes.

Mrs. Read: OK,I’ll let her know.

Kate: Many thanks. Goodbye.

Mrs. Read: Goodbye.

第二步:领悟情景对话中的英语使用习惯和特点。

这是一个打电话的情景对话。通过上面的情景对话我们可以发现在用英语打电话时:1)首先通常说:Hello! May I speak to sb,please? 2)询问对方是谁时可以说:Who’s speaking? 3)介绍自己时说:This is sb.

第三步:运用情景对话中积累的英语使用习惯和特点编造类似的对话。

例如:

A:Hello! May I speak to John?

B:This is John speaking.

A:Hi, John. We're going to have a picnic in a park. Would you like to go with us?

B:Certainly, Where shall we meet?

A:What about at No. 16 bus stop?

B:All right. What time shall we meet?

A:At one o'clock in the afternoon.

B:OK. See you then.

A: See you.

情景对话的秘笈应用实例一:

A: Excuse me, how can I get to the library?

B: Go down this street and turn right at the second crossing. Go up the road to the end ,you will find it.

A: How far is it?

B: It’s about 1,000 metres away from here.

A: Oh, That’s quite a long way.

B: Yes. You’d better take a bus.

A: Which bus should I take?

B: You can take the No. 5 bus. It’ll take you there.

A: How long does it take?

B: It takes about fifteen minutes.

A: Thanks very much.

B: It’s a pleasure.

边背边悟:

这是一个用英语问路的情景对话。对话中的Excuse me, how can I get to the library?是用英语表达问路的句型。Go down this street and turn right at the second crossing. Go up the road to the end ,you will find it.是用英语表达指路的句型。

在用英语问路时,经常可以说:

①Excuse me. Where is the men’s room?

请问,男厕所在哪里?

②Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the railway station?

劳驾,你能告诉我去火车站的路吗?

③How can I get to the park?

去公园怎么走?

回答他人的问路时,可以说:

①Go down this street.

沿着这条街走。

②Turn right at the first crossing.

在第一个十字路口向右拐。

③Go straight ahead till you see a bridge.

一直走,直到你看见一座桥。

情景对话的秘笈应用实例二:

(Sam isn’t well . He has a bad headache . He goes to see his doctor .)

Sam : I would like to see Dr. Brown , please .

Nurse: Take a seat , please. The doctor will see you soon .

Sam: Good morning , Dr . Brown .

Dr. Brown: Good morning , Sam. What’s wrong , Sam ?

Sam: I have a pain in my head .

Dr. Brown: Did you have breakfast ?

Sam: No. I had nothing.

Dr. Brown: I see . Let me check you . Say “Aaah” .

Sam: Aaah ….

Dr. Brown: Well , it’s a bad cold . It’s necessary for you to take some Chinese medicine .

Sam: Do you have any quicker ways ?

Dr. Brown: Yes . You can get an injection .

Sam: Oh, no ! I don’t want to get it. I prefer to take medicine .

Dr. Brown: Take the medicine twice a day and have more water . Stay at home for two days and have a good rest . You’ll feel much better soon .

Sam: Thank you , Dr. Brown . I’ll do as you say .

边背边悟:

这是一个看病的情景对话。对话中的What’s wrong , Sam ?是看病时,医生问病人的句型。

在用英语看病时,医生经常问病人说:

①What’s the matter?=What’s wrong with you?= What’s your trouble?

你哪儿不舒服?

②How long have you been like this?

像这样有多久了?

然后病人回答说:

①There’s something wrong with my head.

我的头出毛病了。

②I’ve got a headache and a cough.

我头疼,咳嗽。

③I’ve got a pain here.

我这儿疼。

最后医生会作出答复:

①Take this medicine three times a day.

这药一天吃三次。

②Drink plenty of water and have a good rest.

多喝水,好好休息。

③It’s nothing serious.

不要紧,不严重。

情景对话的秘笈应用实例三:

A: Can I help you?

B: Yes. I’m going to buy a new dress. I want something beautiful. I want to wear it in the evening.

A: I see. What size do you want (wear), please?

B: Size eight or nine.

A: How about this green one? It’s very smart.

B: Sorry, I don’t really like the colour very much. Have you got any other colour ?

A: Oh, yes. We’ve got blue, white and brown ones.

B: Can I have a look at the white one ? That looks great.

A: Yes, please. Here you are.

B: Thank you. It looks nice. Can I try it on?

A: Certainly. This way, please.

( In the changing room a few minutes later)

A: Does it fit (适合) you ?

B: Yes, it does. I like it very much. I’ll take it. Here’s the money.

A: Thank you, good-bye.

边背边悟:

这是一个在商店购物的情景对话。对话中的Can I help you? 是购物时,售货员经常说的句型。

用英语购物时,售货员经常说:

①What can I do for you?

你要买什么?

②May/ Can I help you?

我能为你效劳吗?

顾客经常说:

①I want to buy a bag.

我想买个包。

②Will you show me some apples?

你拿些苹果给我看看好吗?

情景对话的秘笈应用实例四:

David: Hi, Allan! A nice day, isn't it?

Allan: Yes. What about going out for a picnic tomorrow ?

David: Tomorrow? Tomorrow is not a good day for a picnic!

Allan: Why?

David: I listened to the weather report. It says it's going to rain.

Allan: What a pity! If it rains, I'm afraid we have to stay at home.

David: Why not come to my home to have a party? My family have just moved into a new house. I'll ask Mary and Jack, too.

Allan: Great! But how can we get there ?

David: My home is quite near here. Just walk along this road to the end. You'll find a white house on your left. That is my house.

Allan: OK! See you at 8:00 tomorrow morning .

David: See you.

边背边悟:

这是一个用英语提出建议的情景对话。对话中的What about going out for a picnic tomorrow ?和 Why not come to my home to have a party?是用英语提出建议的句型。

用英语表示劝告和建议时可以说:

①Would you like to try?

你想试一试吗?

②Shall we start at once?

我们立刻出发吗?

③Let’s go to school together.

我们一起去上学吧。

④What/ How about a cup of tea?

来杯茶怎么样?

⑤Why not try again?=Why don’t you try again?

你为什么不再试试?

⑥You’d better go there.

你最好去那里。

情景对话的秘笈应用实例五:

Charley: Come on ,Steve. It’s time to go.

Steve: Wait a moment. I just have to close up the shop.

Charley: OK.

Steve: By the way, can we give my sister a ride home tonight?

Charley: Sure. You mean she’s coming to the game, too?

Steve: Yes .She wants to take some pictures.

Charley: Well ,she always enjoys sports games, doesn’t she?

Steve: Yeah. She wants to work for a newspaper someday.

Charley: But I think it might be hard for her to succeed. There are a lot of photographers out there.

边背边悟:

这是一个用英语表示请求的情景对话。对话中的By the way, can we give my sister a ride home tonight? 是用英语表达请求的句型。

用英语表示请求时可以说:

①Can/ Will/ Could/ Would you do it for me?

你能帮我做这件事情吗?

②Can/ Will/ Could/ Would you please give me a hand?

请你帮我个忙好吗?

③May I have your attention?

请注意啦!

边背边悟练习题:

1.-You look very nice in dark blue.

-___________.

A. I don't mind B. No, not at all

C. That's all right D. Thank you

2.-Hi, Bill! Congratulations!

-“___________.

A. All right B. You are right

C. That's good D. Thank you

3.-I won the high jump yesterday.

-___________

A. It’s a small thing.B.That's all.

C.I hope so. D.Congratulations to you! You really did well.

4.-My brother fell off his bike and hurt his leg.

-“___________.”

A. That's too bad B. He is too careless

C. He should be careful D. I'm sorry to hear that

5.-Sorry, I don't know the way, either. I'm new here.

-___________.

A. Not at all B. Thank you all the same

C. Yes, please D. I'm glad to hear that

6. English people often talk about one thing“__________”. So when you meet someone in English, you should say “__________?”

A. age; How old are you

B. name; What's your name, lease

C. money; How much have you got each month

D. weather; It's a fine day, isn't it

7.-I'm going to Beijing for a holiday.

-___________.

A. Good-bye B. You're right

C. It's good D. Have a good time

8.-I'm going to take part in the 100-meter race.

-___________.

A. Well done B. Come on

C. Run quickly D. Good luck

9.-I'm sorry, I'm late.

-__________.

A. It doesn't matter B. Don't say that

C. It's a pleasure D. All right

10.-___________I didn't hear you clearly.

-OK, I'll say it once more.

A. Say again. B. Really?

C. Pardon? D. It's true.

11.-Happy birthday to you!

-___________

A. Happy birthday to you! B. I'm very glad.

C. That's all right. D. Thank you.

12.-Have a good weekend!

-___________.

A. Sure, it will be wonderful B. Thanks, the same to you

C. Of course, no problem D. Yes, don't worry

13.-Shall we go swimming?

-___________

A. No, I can't. B. Yes, we can.

C. Yes, we shall. D. Good idea!

14.-Would you like to go hiking with us?

-__________

A. No, I don't like.

B. I hate to go hiking.

C. I'd love to, but I don't feel well today.

D. Yes, I like it.

15.-What's the date today?

-It's___________.

A. Thursday B. June the sixteenth

C. the best day D. June fifteen

16.-___________?

-It's Wednesday.

A. What's the day today B. What date is it today

C. What's the date today D. What day is it today

17.John, look at the time. ___________ you play the piano at such a late hour?

A.Must B.Can C.May D.Need

18.-Excuse me, ___________to the nearest bookshop, please?

-Go straight and take the second turning on the left.

A. where the way is B. which the way is

C. where is the way D. which is the way

19.- Would you like to have another cup of tea?

-__________.

A. Yes, I do B. Not at all C. No, thanks D. Help yourself

20.-Would you like some more tea?

-___________, please.

A.No more B.Just a little

C.I’ve had enough D.Yes, I would

答案与解析:

1. 答案:D解析:在西方国家,当人们得到别人赞赏或祝贺(福)时,常用Thank you.作答。

2. 答案:D解析:同第一题。

3.答案:D解析:听到别人的好消息时,要表示祝贺,常用Congratulations!或You really did well.

4. 答案:D解析:听到别人的坏消息时,要表示同情,常说I'm sorry to hear that.

5. 答案:B解析:因某事要麻烦别人,有时虽没达到预期目的,但仍要向被打扰者表示感谢。

6. 答案:D解析:本题是考查同学们对西方文化背景知识的掌握。在西方国家人们常忌讳谈论年龄、婚姻、经济收入、家庭情况、宗教信仰、政治倾向等个人隐私。因此,在西方国家,陌生人之间通常谈论的话题常是不涉及双方隐私的天气情况。

7. 答案:D解析:在听到别人要远行或要参加某项活动时,我们常要对别人表达良好祝愿。

8. 答案:D解析:同第七题

9. 答案:A解析:面对别人的致歉,常用It doesn't matter.或Never mind.等作答。

10. 答案:C解析:当没听清楚别人说的话时,可用Pardon?或I beg your pardon?来请求别人重复一遍所说的话。

11. 答案:D解析:当别人祝你生日快乐时,你要表示感谢。

12. 答案:B解析:当别人祝你新年快乐或周末愉快时,常要说Thanks, the same to you. 以表示回祝。

13. 答案:D解析:别人向你提出某项建议时,若赞同便可用Good idea!或 All right.等作答;若不赞同常用Sorry, I'm afraid…等作答。

14. 答案:C解析:别人邀请你一起做某事时,你若接受邀请便可以回答Thank you.或I'd love to.等;你若不接受邀请就回答I'm sorry, but I can't…等。

15. 答案:B解析:询问日期要用What's the date today?回答具体的日期要用序数词。

16. 答案:D解析:询问星期几要用What day is it today? 回答星期几要用It's …。

17. 答案:A解析:交际用语和情态动词有反问讽刺的意味,只能选A。

18. 答案:D解析:向别人打听去某地的路时常用:Excuse me, which is the way to…?或Excuse me, where is…?或Excuse me, can you tell me the way to…?或Excuse me, how can I get to…?等。

19. 答案:C解析:本题主要考查简答交际用语的应答。对别人的邀请,如果表示不接受时,应委婉说出,不能断然拒绝。因此,选C是最佳答案。

20. 答案:B解析:考察交际用语。从please看结果是肯定的。

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