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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高考冲刺 > 2018届高考英语二轮复习专题强化训练:第2讲 短文改错

2018届高考英语二轮复习专题强化训练:第2讲 短文改错

2018届高考英语二轮复习专题强化训练:第2讲 短文改错 

 

[全国卷3年考情分析]

1

[命题者说]

短文改错主要考查语法基础知识,语篇通常取材于考生自己的习作或类似于考生的随笔,且话题常见,篇章结构的难易程度符合高中生的认知水平,即通俗易懂,基本上无生僻的语言障碍和怪、偏、难的语法结构。短文词数通常与书面表达一样,也是100词左右。

 短文改错命题原则表——高考就考这些点

着眼点 具体思考点

词法 动词 时态、语态、非谓语动词、情态动词与虚拟语气

名词 可数不可数、单数还是复数、是否需用所有格

代词 主格与宾格、人称与物主、人称与反身、各种不定代词

形容词、副词 原级、比较级、最高级

冠词 不定冠词、定冠词还是零冠词

介词 基本用法、固定搭配

词性误用 形容词与副词、形容词与名词、名词与动词

句法 连词(并列连词和从句引导词)、主谓一致、there be句型与特殊句式

行文逻辑 时态一致、指代一致、逻辑一致

 短文改错意识原则表——答题就按此法办

短文改错10处错误中,设错方式是有规律的,一般情况下,多、缺词2~3个,错词7~8个,做完题后,可按此规律进行查验。见下表:

类型 总数(10) 具体思考点

多、缺词 2~3 be的各种形式、介词、冠词、不定式符号、三大从句引导词、代词、副词、固定搭配中的虚词

错词 7~8 连词、三大从句引导词、动词、名词、代词、形容词、副词等

 

 

A

(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once I started the car, my mind goes blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road.

答案:

In the summer holiday following my  birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard  first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders,  once I started the car, my mind  blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the , “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “ left!” I was so  nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes , the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a  stop just in the middle  the road.

B

(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Mr. and Mrs.Zhang all work in our school.They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables!

答案:

Mr. and Mrs.Zhang  work in our school.They live far from the school, and it takes them about  hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are  in planting vegetables in their garden,  is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up  and water the vegetables together. They have also bought  some gardening tools. , they often get some useful  from the Internet. When summer , they will invite their students  pick the fresh vegetables!

C

(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)When I look at this picture of myself, I realize of how fast time flies. I had grown not only physically, and also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and become a new member of the school music club.Around me in picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments.I enjoyed studying difference kinds of cars and planes,playing pop music,and collecting the late music albums.This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of your high school days.

答案:

When I look at this picture of myself, I realize  how fast time flies. I  grown not only physically,  also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was , I entered my second year of high school and  a new member of the school music club.Around me in   picture are the things  were very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments.I enjoyed studying  kinds of cars and planes,playing pop music,and collecting the  music albums.This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of  high school days.

 

 名词单复数的误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下三个方面:

(1)可数名词单复数的错用:一般考查错把复数用作单数,有时也考查错把单数用作复数。

(2)不可数名词单复数的错用:不可数名词没有复数形式。

(3)可数名词与不可数名词混淆:有些词既可用作可数名词也可用作不可数名词,应注意具体语境。

2.应考策略

(1)理清可数与不可数名词之间的区别与联系。

(2)记清一些用于固定词组中名词的特殊用法。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turn left!”

[解析] word→words 考查名词的数。根据下文提示,教练发出了“Speed up!”,“Slow down!”,“Turn left!”多个指令,故用word的复数形式words。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Besides, they often get some useful informations from the Internet.

[解析] informations→information 考查名词。information为不可数名词,无复数形式,故将informations改为information。

[示例3] (2016·浙江卷)When I was a very young children, my father created a regular practice I remember well years later.

[解析] children→child 考查名词单复数。由when引导的时间状语从句中主语是I,为单数,且有冠词a,故应用child。

[示例4] (2016·四川卷)Mom has a full­time job,but she has to do most of the houseworks.

[解析] houseworks→housework 考查可数名词与不可数名词的混用。housework“家务”,为不可数名词,没有复数。

 冠词的多用、漏用和误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下五个方面:

(1)a和an的错用:元音音素前用an,辅音音素前用a。

(2)不定冠词和定冠词的错用:表示特指时用定冠词the;表示泛指时用不定冠词a(n)。注意固定搭配中冠词的使用情况。

(3)单数可数名词前冠词的缺失:一般来说,单数可数名词前应有适当的冠词,表示泛指用a(n),表示特指用the。

(4)冠词的多余:可数名词复数或不可数名词表示泛指时不用冠词。

(5)常用固定搭配中冠词的缺失与多余。

2.应考策略

(1)牢固掌握定冠词、不定冠词和零冠词的使用规律。

(2)平时注意冠词的使用,努力培养语感。

(3)固定搭配中的冠词是固定的,只有记住才是硬道理。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)In the summer holiday following my eighteenth birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was.

[解析] first前加the或my 由于序数词first前应该用定冠词the或者用限定词进行修饰,故first前加the或my。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day.

[解析] hour前a→an/one hour是以元音音素开头的单词,前面要用不定冠词an。表示“一个小时”可以用an hour也可以用one hour。所以hour前a改为an/one。

[示例3] (2016·全国卷Ⅱ)If we stay at home, it is comfortable and there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world.

[解析] world前加the 冠词漏用。world是独一无二的事物,前面要加定冠词the。

[示例4] (2016·全国卷Ⅰ)My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in the short period of time.

[解析] the→a 考查冠词错用。in a short period of time“在短时间内”为固定搭配,故the改为a。 

 代词的错用、缺失与多余

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下五个方面:

(1)前后代词指代不一致

代词主要是用来代替其他实义词或上下文意义的,因此代词应与其指代的对象相符。否则就会出现代词指代错误。

(2)代词数的错用

人称代词、物主代词以及反身代词等都有单复数之分,要根据上下文确定单复数。

(3)物主代词的错用

①形容词性物主代词相当于形容词,不能单独使用,常用来修饰名词;

②名词性物主代词相当于名词,常单独使用,不能修饰名词。

(4)不定代词或反身代词的误用。

(5)代词的多余:主要是定语从句中代词的多余。在定语从句中,若引导词在从句中作宾语,此时就不能再用it,him或them等作宾语。

2.应考策略

(1)顺藤摸瓜,理清短文中代词的指代关系,注意联系上下文。

(2)系统掌握it的各种用法。

(3)准确把握不定代词在文中的正确使用。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Mr. and Mrs.Zhang all work in our school.They live far from the school, and it takes them about an hour and a half to go to work every day.

[解析] all→both或去掉all 词法错误。Mr. and Mrs. Zhang是两个人,故用both。因both在此作同位语,也可以去掉。all指的是三者或三者以上。故将all改为both或去掉all。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅲ)Around me in the picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments.

[解析] they→that/which 句法错误。things是先行词,后面是定语从句,从句中缺少主语,故引导词用that或which。故将they改为that/which。

[示例3] (2016·全国卷Ⅲ)At  first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself.

[解析] yourself→myself 句意:起初,我认为我什么都知道,可以自己拿主意。根据主语I可知,应用myself。故将yourself改为myself。

[示例4] (2015·浙江卷)Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them.

[解析] them→it 此处代词them指代前面的park,应是单数,所以用it。故them改为it。

[示例5] (2017·福建普通高中毕业班质检)I’m going to a conference in you town in May, from 16th to 20th.

[解析] you→your 此处指我要去你/你们的城市去开会,应把you改为your。

[示例6] (2017·太原五中模拟)I need to take some exercise every day and find ways to relax me.

[解析] me→myself 句意:我需要每天锻炼,并想法放松自己。与主语I相对应的反身代词是myself。故将me改为myself。

 非谓语动词的误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下五个方面:

(1)不定式符号to的多余:在感官动词和使役动词(get除外)后面跟不带to的不定式作宾补。

(2)不定式符号to的缺失:有些动词,如want,decide,plan等后应接带to的不定式作宾语。

(3)误把非谓语动词用作谓语动词:句中已有谓语动词,且另一动词不作并列谓语,则只能用非谓语动词。

(4)现在分词与过去分词的错用:现在分词表主动、进行;过去分词表被动、完成;现在分词转化的形容词表示“令人……的”,常修饰物;而过去分词转化的形容词表示“感到……的”,常修饰人。

(5)介词to与不定式符号to的用法区别:不定式符号to后接动词原形,而介词to后需跟动词的-ing形式。

2.应考策略

(1)纵观全文或全句,明确句中动词所作的句子成分。

(2)系统掌握非谓语动词的句法功能。

(3)前后联系,整体把握。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)When summer comes, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables!

[解析] pick前加to 考查非谓语动词。invite sb. to do sth.“邀请某人做某事”,故应在pick前加to。

[示例2] (2016·全国卷Ⅱ)We can choose between staying at home and take a trip.

[解析] take→taking between...and... “在……和……之间”,是固定结构。and前后连接的是并列成分。and前用了动名词staying,and后也应用动名词,故把take改为taking。

[示例3] (2016·四川卷)Mom was grateful and moving. 

[解析] moving→moved moving表示“令人感动的”,而moved表示“感动的”。故将moving改为moved。

[示例4] (2015·浙江卷)I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view.

[解析] sit→sitting enjoy后跟动名词作宾语。故sit改为sitting。

[示例5] (2014·辽宁卷)It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she’s outside.

[解析] understanding→understand It’s difficult to do sth.“做某事有困难”。it为形式主语,不定式为真正的主语。故将understanding改为understand。

 动词的时态和语态的误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下三个方面:

(1)上下文时态不一致:当上下文叙述的是同一件事情时,时态应保持一致。

(2)并列句中的谓语动词时态不一致:并列连词所连接的动词时态应保持一致;并列句中的谓语动词时态也应保持一致。

(3)主动语态和被动语态的混用。

2.应考策略

(1)通读全文,搞清文中动词的主体时态。

(2)结合语境,灵活掌握各种时态的用法。

(3)认真推敲,准确把握主动与被动。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅲ)About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and become a new member of the school music club.

[解析] took→taken;become→became 考查时态和语态。photo与take为被动关系,故应用被动语态,所以应把took改为taken; 主句时态为一般过去时,and连接并列谓语entered和became,所以应把become改为became。

[示例2] (2016·全国卷Ⅰ)Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables and high quality oil are using for cooking.

[解析] using→used 考查动词的被动语态。主语fresh vegetables and high quality oil和use之间为被动关系,故需用被动语态。

[示例3] (2016·全国卷Ⅰ)It is always crowded with customers at meal times.Some people even had  to wait outside.

[解析] had→have 由前面的句子可知,这里吃饭时总是涌满了顾客,用的是一般现在时,根据时态的一致性,后面的句子也应用一般现在时。故将had改为have。

[示例4] (2016·全国卷Ⅲ)However, my parents didn’t seem to think so. They always tell me what to do and how to do it.

[解析] tell→told 由前句的didn’t可判断用一般过去时。故将tell改为told。

[示例5] (2015·全国卷Ⅱ)A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside the shop.

[解析] telling→told 此处and后的动词应与其前的saw并列,故将telling改为told。

 主谓不一致的错误

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下四个方面:

(1)主谓在人称或单复数上不一致。

(2)在含有定语从句或强调结构中的主谓不一致方面的错误。

(3)非谓语动词短语作主语或主语从句作主语时主谓不一致方面的错误。

(4)“就近”与“就远”原则的错用:就近原则常见的有:either...or...,neither...nor..., not only... but also...等;就远原则常见的有:together with, as well as, but, except等。

2.应考策略

(1)做题时要有全局观念,前后联系。

(2)搞清句子结构,分析句子成分。

(3)全面掌握有关主谓一致方面的规则。

[示例1] (2016·浙江卷)He would ask who we was and pretend not to know us.

[解析] was→were who we was是作ask的宾语且宾语从句中的主语是we,故应把谓语was改为were。

[示例2] (2014·全国卷Ⅱ)My dream school look like a big garden.

[解析] look→looks 主语My dream school是单数,谓语应用第三人称单数。故将look改为looks。

[示例3] (2014·辽宁卷)The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby.

[解析] have→has 主语The early morning barking为单数,故把have改为has。

[示例4] (2017·银川一中二模)What you have gained are the result of your hard work.

[解析] are→is 主语从句为单数,故are改为is。

[示例5] (2017·沈阳二中模拟)Last month, I, together with my parents, were invited to my uncle’s in the U.S.A.

[解析] were→was 本句的主语是I而不是my parents,故将were改为was。

 形容词和副词的混用及其比较等级的误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下五个方面:

(1)意近引起的错用:例如many和much都表示“很多”,但many修饰可数名词,much修饰不可数名词。

(2)意思重复:例如so和very表达同一含义,故不能同时使用。

(3)形容词与副词的错用:一般来说,作定语和表语时用形容词;作状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或修饰整个句子时用副词。

(4)比较级和最高级的混用或误用。

(5)比较级和最高级修饰语的误用。

2.应考策略

(1)熟知形容词和副词的句法功能。

(2)理清短文中形容词和副词比较等级的关系。

(3)结合短文内容,准确使用形容词和副词。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left.

[解析] 去掉much 句法错误,意义重复。这句话中含有so...that...(如此……以至于……)结构,so和much表达的意思重复。故much在此处是多余的,去掉much。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, which is on the rooftop of their house.

[解析] interesting→interested 词法错误。interesting意为“有趣的”,多指事物;interested意为“感兴趣的”,多指人。因为是描述主语they的心理状态,所以应把interesting改为interested。be interested in...意为“对……感兴趣”。

[示例3] (2015·全国卷Ⅰ)Much rare animals are dying out.

[解析] Much→Many much修饰不可数名词,rare animals为复数形式,故把Much改为Many。

[示例4] (2015·全国卷Ⅱ)He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.

[解析] 去掉very 此处为so...that...句式,so和very表达的意思重复,故应去掉very。

[示例5] (2016·全国卷Ⅲ)They were also the best and worse years in my life.

[解析] worse→worst and之前用了best,与之并列也应用最高级,故将worse改为worst表示“最糟的”。

[示例6] (2016·四川卷)The dishes that I cooked were Mom’s favoritest.

[解析] favoritest→favorite favorite本身含有最高级意义,故不再有最高级形式。故将favoritest改为favorite。

 介词的多余与误用

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下三个方面:

(1)在一些固定短语中介词的误用。

(2)介词与连词或副词的混用。

(3)及物动词之后介词的多余或不及物动词之后介词的漏用。

2.应考策略

(1)在平时的学习中注意积累语言知识,特别是一些固定搭配的记忆。

(2)强化语法训练,分清连词、副词和介词之间的区别和句法功能。

(3)把语法知识的记忆和语感的培养结合起来。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)It was a relief and I came to a sudden stop just in the middle on the road.

[解析] on→of 词法错误。in the middle of...“在……的中间”,是固定搭配,故把on改为of。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅱ)They have also bought for some gardening tools.

[解析] 去掉for 词法错误,介词的误用。表示“买某物”直接用buy sth.。buy还可用于buy sb.sth.或buy sth. for sb.,表示“为某人买某物”。故应去掉for。

[示例3] (2016·全国卷Ⅲ)Now I am leaving home to college. 

[解析] to→for leave...for “离开……去……”为固定结构。

[示例4] (2016·四川卷)Dad cleaned the house,and then went on shopping.

[解析] 去掉on go shopping为固定短语,意为“去购物”,go on shopping意为“继续购物”。故去掉on。

[示例5] (2014·全国卷Ⅱ)We can lie on the grass for a rest,or sit by the lake listening music.

[解析] listening后加to listen是不及物动词,后接宾语时要跟介词to,故listening后加to。

 连词

1.此类题的错误设置一般包括以下两个方面:

(1)并列连词错用:常见的并列连词有:and表示顺承,but表示转折,or表示选择,so表示因果。应根据逻辑关系选择适当的连词。

(2)并列连词多余:although/though和but,because和so不能连用,一般去掉but或so;另外,一个从句只能有一个引导词。

2.应考策略

(1)依据短文中的逻辑关系,准确把握词与词,句与句或段与段之间的关系。

(2)分析句子结构,确定句子的类型(简单句、并列句、复合句)。

(3)排除汉语影响,识别although...but或because...so等错误。

[示例1] (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once I started the car, my mind went blank.

[解析] so→but/yet 行文逻辑错误。根据前后句意思可知这里表示转折概念,并非因果,所以把so改为but或yet。

[示例2] (2017·全国卷Ⅲ)I have grown not only physically, and also mentally in the past few years.

[解析] and→but 行文逻辑错误。not only... but also... 不仅……而且……,连接并列成分,故把and改为but。

[示例3] (2016·全国卷Ⅰ)Though not very big,but the restaurant is popular in our area.

[解析] 去掉but though和but不能放在同一个句子里。故去掉but。

[示例4] (2015·全国卷Ⅰ)There the air is clean or the mountains are green.

[解析] or→and 前后句为并列关系而非选择关系,故把or改为and。

[示例5] (2015·四川卷)In fact,I don’t like to go anymore, so I’m afraid I’ll lose their friendship.

[解析] so→but 前后句为转折关系而非因果关系,应用but连接。故将so改为but。

,[学生用书P11]    )

A

(2017·南昌十校二模)It is clear shown that many middle school students have physical and mental problems.68% of the students surveying have studying anxiety as well as poor eyesight too.And a larger percentage lacks sleep.52% are short of physical exercise.42% of the students won’t obey our parents or teachers.Personally ,I think we student should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without sound body,one can’t  achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid only on studies.As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-classroom activities. Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy life.

答案:

It is  shown that many middle school students have physical and mental problems.68% of the students  have studying anxiety as well as poor eyesight  .And a larger percentage   sleep.52% are short of physical exercise.42% of the students won’t obey   parents or teachers.Personally, I think we  should balance our physical exercise and studies.Without  sound body,one can’t  achieve anything.However,too much attention has been paid only  studies.As a result, I suggest we  given less homework  more time for out-of-classroom activities. Only in this way can we live a happy and healthy life.

B

(2017·济南模拟)Studying in the UK have been a good experience for me.When I first arrived, I find life very hard as I didn’t know anybody here,but I soon got to know other Chinese student at the university.Later I became interesting in communicating with people from various cultures,and I made fewer friends.

During my study,I chose to live in with my classmates in the dormitory.I think it’s better than living in British family because I can meet people from different countries easy.The courses here are excellent. I enjoy the way the teachers give lessons.We are encouraged to think for yourselves,which is quite different from that I have experienced before.

答案:

Studying in the UK  been a good experience for me.When I first arrived,I  life very hard as I didn’t know anybody here,but I soon got to know other Chinese  at the university.Later I became  in communicating with people from various cultures,and I made  friends.

During my study,I chose to live   with my classmates in the dormitory.I think it’s better than living in  British family because I can meet people from different countries .The courses here are excellent. I enjoy the way the teachers give lessons.We are encouraged to think for ,which is quite different from  I have experienced before.

C

(2017·山东六校联考)The day before Mother’s Day, everybody around me was talking about what was most suitable gift they would buy for their mothers.Buying flowers were what most students would do.However,I wanted to do something differently. As then I lived in school and couldn’t go back home on Mother’s Day, so I decided to call her and sent her my best wishes.I searched the Internet for suggestions, what were very useful ,and I read it carefully. When I called my mother,however,I had the feel that someone else’s words would have no meaning to her.So I gave in and just told my mother I loved her and thanked her to all she had done for me.

答案:

The day before Mother’s Day, everybody around me was talking about what was  most suitable gift they would buy for their mothers.Buying flowers  what most students would do.However,I wanted to do something .As then I lived in school and couldn’t go back home on Mother’s Day,  I decided to call her and  her my best wishes.I searched the Internet for suggestions,  were very useful ,and I read  carefully. When I called my mother,however,I had the  that someone else’s words would have no meaning to her.So I gave  and just told my mother I loved her and thanked her  all she had done for me.

D

(2017·太原二模)Here is a funny story.One day three mouses said proudly to each other that they each could drink more wine,so they decided to have a drinking contest. At last they both felt dizzy.One suggested,“Will anybody go to the wine cellar to fetch another bottle of wine?”The first stood up and down then fell to the ground.The other two laughed and said,“He was drinking and couldn’t walk.” The second stood up. He just made several steps and couldn’t help thrown up. The third laughed hardly and then it was their turn. He stood up and made one step, two steps... Nothing is wrong.He went straight to the wine cellar but took a bottle of wine.He stood there for while, turned back and said excitedly,“Ha ha, where is the cat now?”

答案:

Here is a funny story.One day three  said proudly to each other that they each could drink more wine,so they decided to have a drinking contest. At last they  felt dizzy.One suggested,“Will anybody go to the wine cellar to fetch another bottle of wine?”The first stood up and      then fell to the ground.The other two laughed and said,“He was  and couldn’t walk.” The second stood up. He just made several steps and couldn’t help  up. The third laughed  and then it was  turn. He stood up and made one step, two steps... Nothing  wrong.He went straight to the wine cellar  took a bottle of wine.He stood there for  while, turned back and said excitedly,“Ha ha,where is the cat now?”

 

专题强化训练5 短文改错(一)[学生用书P89(单独成册)]

A

(2017·河南河北七所名校联考)Smart phones had become part of our daily life.No matter who we are,we can see people busy play with their smart phones.Smart phones benefit them.They help us escape the pressures of life and get informations.However,if we spend too much time on them, we won’t have time to contact face to face our friends and family.And our life, study and work will hurt. In my view, we should limit to our using smart phones except for a purpose of learning.Meanwhile it’s absolute necessary for us to take part in more outdoors activities.

答案:

Smart phones  become part of our daily life.No matter  we are,we can see people busy  with their smart phones.Smart phones benefit .They help us escape the pressures of life and get .However,if we spend too much time on them, we won’t have time to contact face to face our friends and family.And our life, study and work will  hurt. In my view, we should limit    our using smart phones except for  purpose of learning.Meanwhile it’s  necessary for us to take part in more  activities.

B

(2017·大连双基测试)With Teachers’ Day draw near, I would like to express my thanks to Ms. Li,who taught me English last year.

At that time, I was having a trouble studying English and my scores fell. Ms. Li encouraged me and tell me her story that she never gave up before her studies didn’t go well.She also said that it was necessary to make efforts so that I would not regret waste time. Her words were the best medicine because she stood in her shoes to deal with problems and gave me sincere advices.She didn’t simple comfort me. Her teaching methods also counted.It had never occurred me that studying could be so interested until I met Ms. Li.

答案:

With Teachers’ Day  near, I would like to express my thanks to Ms. Li,who taught me English last year.

At that time, I was having    trouble studying English and my scores fell. Ms. Li encouraged me and  me her story that she never gave up  her studies didn’t go well.She also said that it was necessary to make efforts so that I would not regret  time. Her words were the best medicine because she stood in  shoes to deal with problems and gave me sincere .She didn’t  comfort me. Her teaching methods also counted.It had never occurred  me that studying could be so  until I met Ms. Li.

C

(2017·长春七市第一次联考)

Boys and girls,

May I have your fully attention,please? I have announcement to make.To welcome our friends in the United States,the Student Union was going to hold a party on Saturday evening, February 20. As never,the party will be held in the lecture hall of the Main Building.They will begin at 7 p.m.There will be music,dancing,singing or exchange of gifts.Will everyone please to bring along a small gift for this purpose?Remember to pack it up, sign your name and writing a few words of good wishes.Don’t miss the party, where I believe we will have a lot of funs.Everyone is welcome.

That’s all. Thank you.

答案:

Boys and girls,

May I have your  attention,please? I have  announcement to make.To welcome our friends  the United States,the Student Union  going to hold a party on Saturday evening, February 20. As ,the party will be held in the lecture hall of the Main Building. will begin at 7 p.m.There will be music,dancing,singing  exchange of gifts.Will everyone please  bring along a small gift for this purpose?Remember to pack it up, sign your name and  a few words of good wishes.Don’t miss the party, where I believe we will have a lot of .Everyone is welcome.

That’s all. Thank you.

D

(2017·西宁检测一)My favorite sport is playing basketball.In the middle school, I joined in the  basketball team.All the teammate practised hard after school. Once our team had match against another school’s. At the very beginning,we were so nervous which we couldn’t cooperate very good.Because this was the first time for us to compete with the school honor.In the half match they fell behind.Our team leader calls us together and said that we must get uniting in order to beat them.Then we tried our best and won the game at last.Play basketball makes me realize the importance of union and teamwork.

答案:

My favorite sport is playing basketball.In the middle school, I joined   the  basketball team.All the  practised hard after school. Once our team had  match against another school’s .At the very beginning,we were so nervous  we couldn’t cooperate very .Because this was the first time for us to compete  the school honor.In the half match  fell behind.Our team leader  us together and said that we must get  in order to beat them.Then we tried our best and won the game at last.  basketball makes me realize the importance of union and teamwork.

专题强化训练6 短文改错(二)[学生用书P90(单独成册)]

A

(2017·呼和浩特第一次调研)

Dear manager,

I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised positions as a secretary of English.Here I would like to introduce me briefly.

I am a 25-year-old young man graduated from the Foreign Languages Department of Jilin University.I have been a English guide for two years after graduation.As a result, my oral English is pretty well.I have great interest the job. I had much confidence in myself.If I am given to the job,I can assure you I will do my best to do it well.I’d like to meet you at your convenient to discuss the possibility of working in your company.An early reply to my application will be high appreciated.

Yours respectfully,

Wang Yong

答案:

Dear manager,

I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised  as a secretary of English.Here I would like to introduce  briefly.

I am a 25-year-old young man 或 from the Foreign Languages Department of Jilin University.I have been  English guide for two years after graduation.As a result, my oral English is pretty .I have great interest ∧,in) the job. I  much confidence in myself.If I am given    the job,I can assure you I will do my best to do it well.I’d like to meet you at your  to discuss the possibility of working in your company.An early reply to my application will be  appreciated.

Yours respectfully,

Wang Yong

B

(2017·东北三校二模)I will never forget a military training in California Summer Camp that August. The big sun was overhead, burned hot. The drillmaster was very strict and we were all afraid of him. If one of us made a mistake, all of us will get such punishment delaying a meal, standing for 10 minutes or whatever. Therefore, after training, it was no doubt that our drillmaster was energetic and agreeable. His strong local accent kept us laugh madly. More interesting, he sang out of tune, from beginning to end. Every time when he sang, we could help laughing to tears. 

答案:

I will never forget  military training in California Summer Camp that August. The big sun was overhead,  hot. The drillmaster was very strict and we were all afraid of him. If one of us made a mistake, all of us  get such punishment  delaying a meal, standing for 10 minutes or whatever. , after training,  was no doubt that our drillmaster was energetic and agreeable. His strong local accent kept us  madly. More , he sang out of tune, from beginning to end. Every time    he sang, we  或  help laughing to tears. 

C

(2017·广州检测二)

Dear Chris, 

Are you interested in coming with me to see a famous opera?It will performed at the Guangzhou Opera House at 2 p.m. in May Day. I know you took great interest in Chinese culture, especially local opera. I think the perform will not only leave you with an unforgettably impression, but satisfy your interest in Chinese Opera as well. If you can come, I suggest us should visit the Guangdong Museum near the Opera House before and after the opera. You decide. The museum is hosting a exhibition on Cantonese opera. If we go, I believe you can learn many about Chinese opera in there. 

Yours,

Li Hua

答案:

Dear Chris, 

Are you interested in coming with me to see a famous opera?It will  performed at the Guangzhou Opera House at 2 p.m.  May Day. I know you  great interest in Chinese culture, especially local opera. I think the  will not only leave you with an  impression, but satisfy your interest in Chinese Opera as well. If you can come, I suggest  should visit the Guangdong Museum near the Opera House before  after the opera. You decide. The museum is hosting  exhibition on Cantonese opera. If we go, I believe you can learn  about Chinese opera   there. 

Yours,

Li Hua

D

(2017·重庆调研抽测二)Thanks for your concern in your letter about the smog which frequent strikes some areas of China. I’m also very worrying about such a terrible weather. It has brought much inconvenience or rather harm to people’s health such as road accident, bad coughs and even lung cancers and so on. 

It is known to all, good environment comes from careful protection.  But we should do what we can protect it. I believe a small step can make a different. Try to drive less and choose air-friendly products. Only when everyone had the environmental awareness can we have a blue sky. Hope to hear from you and share my good ideas. 

答案:

Thanks for your concern in your letter about the smog which  strikes some areas of China. I’m also very  about such  terrible weather. It has brought much inconvenience or rather harm to people’s health such as road , bad coughs and even lung cancers and so on. 

 is known to all, good environment comes from careful protection.   we should do what we can  protect it. I believe a small step can make a . Try to drive less and choose air-friendly products. Only when everyone  the environmental awareness can we have a blue sky. Hope to hear from you and share  good ideas. 

专题强化训练7 短文改错(三)[学生用书P91(单独成册)]

A

(2017·云南第二次检测)My dad is enthusiastic runner. Influencing by him,I was very sporty before the age of 15. However,after I went to high school,I stopped take physical exercise because of my busy schoolwork. One morning,I ran for less than one minute to catch a bus,but I am quite out of breath. This made me to realize that I was overweight. Then I made a decision which I would take up a sport to help myself get in shape again. A friend of me recommended a swimming pool not far from my house.Now I go swimming several time a week and have started to feel the benefits of regularly exercise.Swimming makes me relaxing and energetic!

答案:

My dad is  enthusiastic runner.  by him,I was very sporty before the age of 15. However,after I went to high school,I stopped  physical exercise because of my busy schoolwork. One morning,I ran for less than one minute to catch a bus,but I  quite out of breath. This made me    realize that I was overweight. Then I made a decision  I would take up a sport to help myself get in shape again. A friend of  recommended a swimming pool not far from my house.Now I go swimming several  a week and have started to feel the benefits of  exercise.Swimming makes me  and energetic!

B

(2017·海口调研)Sport is the source of all life. When talked about sport,I always feel very excited,because I like them so much. I love playing tennis,but it is my favorite sport. One day,when I came home after school,I turn on TV and watched a tennis match. At first,I was attracted by the two beautiful tennis player. When I watched the match for ten minutes I found it was wonderful. From now on, I started to watch tennis matches. I have learned to play tennis,and I often invite my friends play with me. My love to tennis are more than I could express. I am so luck to have some friends who share the same of interest with me.

答案:

Sport is the source of all life. When  about sport,I always feel very excited,because I like  so much. I love playing tennis, it is my favorite sport. One day,when I came home after school,I  on TV and watched a tennis match. At first,I was attracted by the two beautiful tennis . When I watched the match for ten minutes I found it was wonderful. From  on, I started to watch tennis matches. I have learned to play tennis,and I often invite my friends   play with me. My love to tennis  more than I could express. I am so  to have some friends who share the same    interest with me.

C

(2017·唐山一模)Being a teacher is always believed to be one of greatest occupations,because teachers make great contributions for the world. Last week,I got a chance to experience teaching students. Our school asked us to teach some kids live in the countryside. The kids was so happy that they gave me a warm welcome. I teach them English and after class,we played games happily. We had a lot of funs together. When I returned back to school,I missed the students so much. They like me but some of them have kept in touch with me ever since. I felt so proudly of being a teacher.

答案:

Being a teacher is always believed to be one of  greatest occupations,because teachers make great contributions  the world. Last week,I got a chance to experience teaching students. Our school asked  to teach some kids  in the countryside. The kids  so happy that they gave me a warm welcome. I  them English and after class,we played games happily. We had a lot of  together. When I returned    to school,I missed the students so much. They like me  some of them have kept in touch with me ever since. I felt so  of being a teacher.

D

(2017·安徽江南十校联考)During the National Day holiday,I paid a visit my grandma in the countryside.It has been almost two years since I last saw her.In my memory,my grandma was a hardworking but strong woman full of energy. Whenever she saw me,she always hugged me deep. But when I gave her a hug this time,I found that she was much short and thinner than before.Her back was become bent and her hairs turned white.But luckily,she was still health.She could laugh like a child. To my happy, she could cook some delicious food for me. I love my grandma. I know he will always be there, helping me and loving me.

答案:

During the National Day holiday,I paid a visit   my grandma in the countryside.It  been almost two years since I last saw her.In my memory,my grandma was a hardworking  strong woman full of energy. Whenever she saw me,she always hugged me . But when I gave her a hug this time,I found that she was much  and thinner than before.Her back was   bent and her  turned white.But luckily,she was still .She could laugh like a child. To my , she could cook some delicious food for me. I love my grandma. I know  will always be there, helping me and loving me.

专题强化训练8 短文改错(四)[学生用书P92(单独成册)]

A

I prefer my English classes to be taught only in English. As we are all know, a good learning environment is vital unless we want to study English well. Classes teaching in English provide students with  good environment. However, there are also some problem with this teaching method. As we hadn’t mastered enough English words, sometimes we may find that difficult to follow the teacher. Slow learners may even lose interest on English. Practice makes perfect. To learn English well require a lot of practice. Therefore, I like my English classes to be taught complete in English.

答案:

I prefer my English classes to be taught only in English. As we   all know, a good learning environment is vital  we want to study English well. Classes  in English provide students with   good environment. However, there are also some  with this teaching method. As we  mastered enough English words, sometimes we may find  difficult to follow the teacher. Slow learners may even lose interest  English. Practice makes perfect. To learn English well  a lot of practice. Therefore, I like my English classes to be taught  in English.

B

(2017·山西考前适应性测试)The person who touched me most is an unknown lady. I study in a city school but lives in a village 15 kilometers away. One afternoon, I receive a call from my family saying my mom was serious ill. I hurried to the bus station, only find the last bus had left. Feel anxious, I decided to walk home. On the way a car stopped and the driver asked me that I needed help. Worried about being cheated, I said anything. But she was such sincere that I finally accepted her offer. When we reached my village, it was dark. Seeing her car out of the sight, I was in tear. Whenever I think of her, I always feel grateful.

答案:

The person who touched me most is an unknown lady. I study in a city school but  in a village 15 kilometers away. One afternoon, I  a call from my family saying my mom was  ill. I hurried to the bus station, only  find the last bus had left.  anxious, I decided to walk home. On the way a car stopped and the driver asked me  I needed help. Worried about being cheated, I said . But she was  sincere that I finally accepted her offer. When we reached my village, it was dark. Seeing her car out of    sight, I was in . Whenever I think of her, I always feel grateful.

C

(2017·山东省实验中学第二次诊断)Last weekend, I helped my grandparents preparing their trip to Beijing. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I searched for the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Beijing, and some hotel informations. In the afternoon, I go to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was long queue. After dinner, I put into the suitcase the thing my grandparents would need, such as clothes, glasses,an umbrella, or a map. The next morning, I went to the station to see him off. Waving goodbye with them on the platform, I felt happily for them and wished them a safe journey.

答案:

Last weekend, I helped my grandparents  their trip to Beijing. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I searched    the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Beijing, and some hotel . In the afternoon, I  to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was  long queue. After dinner, I put into the suitcase the  my grandparents would need, such as clothes, glasses,an umbrella,  a map. The next morning, I went to the station to see  off. Waving goodbye  them on the platform, I felt  for them and wished them a safe journey.

D

(2017·长春监测二)Born in America, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and an inventor. He was once thought to be a boy whom was not worth educating. In fact, he was a man full of imaginations.

I admire Edison a lot because his great contributions to the world. He is said to having more than 1,000 inventions. In his lifetime, he were always eager to know how things worked. He was also very diligent and work day and night. And this explained why he had so much great inventions.

Success can never be easy achieved. Probably I can’t be another Edison himself, but I will work hard to be a worthy person.

答案:

Born in America, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and    inventor. He was once thought to be a boy  was not worth educating. In fact, he was a man full of .

I admire Edison a lot because  his great contributions to the world. He is said to  more than 1,000 inventions. In his lifetime, he  always eager to know how things worked. He was also very diligent and  day and night. And this explained why he had so  great inventions.

Success can never be  achieved. Probably I can’t be another Edison , but I will work hard to be a worthy person.

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