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淮南英语辅导2019年高考英语一轮复习北师大版学案:Unit 4 Cyberspace 必修2

Unit 4 Cyberspace





1.*cyberspace n.       网络空间

2.*virtual adj.   虚拟的

3.*pessimistic adj.   悲观的,厌世的

4.*hacker n.   电脑黑客

5.*destruction n.   破坏,毁灭

6.*military adj.   军事的,军用的

7.*the Pentagon   (美国)五角大楼

8.nuclear adj. 原子能的                         


9.*Maori n.        (新西兰)毛利人

10.*locate vt.   坐落于;位于

11.*suburb n.   市郊,郊区

12.*surfing n.   冲浪

13.*location n.   位置,场所

14.*site n.   (事物或事件发生)场所,位置

15.*Chinatown n.   唐人街

16.*cuisine n.   烹饪                          


17.*spider n.       蜘蛛 

18.web n.   蜘蛛网;网状物

19.*fashion n.   时髦,时尚

20.*global adj.   全球的,全世界的

21.*toe n.   脚趾

22.*material n.   材料,原料

23.skip vt.   跳过

24.fist n.   拳头                          




1.likely_adj.         有可能的

adv.   (与most,very连用)可能

2.concept n.   概念

3.chart_n.   表格,图表

4.focus_vi.   集中注意

5.waist n.  

6.nail n.   指甲;趾甲                          


[第五屏听写] n.         画廊

8.come_true   (愿望、梦想等)实现

9.artificial_adj.   人造的

10.climate n.   气候

11.global_warming   全球变暖

12.flood_n.   洪水,水灾

vt.&vi.   淹没

13.reality_n.   真实,现实                          



14.virus_n.         病毒

15.affect_vt.   影响

16.rapidly adv.   快,迅速地

17.growth n.   增长;生长

18.crime_n.   犯罪;罪行

19.terrorist_n.   恐怖分子

20.attack n.&vt.   攻击,进攻

21.chaos_n.   混乱,无秩序                          



22.crash_vt.        (汽车、飞机等)撞毁;坠毁

23.optimistic_adj.   乐观的

24.attractive_adj.   吸引人的,有魅力的

25.entertainment_n.   娱乐;款待

26.disappear vi.   消失

27.as_if   好像,仿佛

28.harm_vt.&n.   伤害,损害

29.obvious adj.   明显的,显而易见的

30.scientific adj.   科学的                          


[第八屏听写] n.        网络

32.project_n.   课题;方案;工程

33.get_in_touch   取得联系

34.hang_on   (电话用语)别挂断

35.be_up_to   做,从事于

36.fancy vt.   (非正式)想要做;幻想

37.suggestion_n.   建议,提议

38.reject_vt.   拒绝,不接受                          



39.arrangement_n.     安排

40.title_n.   标题,题目

41.destination_n.   目的地

42.flesh_n.   肉,肉体

43.in_the_flesh   本人亲身

44.exit_vt.   出,离开

45.historical_adj.   历史的,有关历史的

46.pack_vt.   收拾(行李),打包                          



47.dip vt.        

48.millionaire n.   百万富翁

49.smoker_n.   吸烟者

50.non­smoker_n.   非吸烟者

51.tourism_n.   观光,游览 n.   指南;导游,向导

53.seaside_n.   海滨,海边

54.settle_vi.   定居                          



55.settlement_n.       (新)定居地

56.central_adj.   中央的,中心的

57.zone_n.   地域,地区

58.volcano n.   火山

59.as_well_as   也,又

60._harbour n.   海港

61.view_n.   景色,风景

62.sunshine_n.   阳光                          



63.average adj.       平均的

n.   平均数

64.regular_adj.   定期的;规则的

65.steel_n.   钢,钢铁

66.be_known_as   被认为是

67.officially_adv.   正式地

68.scenery_n.   风景,景色

69.offer n.& vt.   提供,提议                          



阅读单词 1.cyberspace n.  网络空间

2.virtual adj.  虚拟的

3.pessimistic adj.  悲观的,厌世的

4.hacker n.  电脑黑客

5.destruction n.  破坏,毁灭

6.military adj.  军事的,军用的

7.locate vt.  坐落于;位于

8.suburb n.  市郊,郊区

9.surfing n.  冲浪

10.location n.  位置,场所 n.  (事物或事件发生)场所,位置

12.spider n.  蜘蛛

13.web n.  蜘蛛网;网状物 n.  时髦,时尚 adj.  全球的,全世界的

表达单词 1.likely adj. 有可能的

adv.  (与most,very连用)可能

2.focus vi.  集中注意 n.  画廊

4.climate n.  气候

5.affect vt.  影响

6.attack n. & vt.  攻击,进攻

7.project n.  课题;方案;工程

8.fancy vt.  (非正式)想要做;幻想

9.reject vt.  拒绝,不接受

10.title n.  标题,题目

11.destination n.  目的地

12.smoker n.  吸烟者

13.view n.  景色,风景

14.crash vt.  (汽车、飞机等)撞毁;坠毁 n.  网络

16.historical adj.  历史的,有关历史的

17.non­smoker n.  非吸烟者 [语境活用]

1.For example, outdoor lighting severely affects (影响) migrating birds.

2.Eating and drinking too much is likely (有可能的) to give one's stomach trouble.

3.He finds it hard to focus (集中) his thoughts on one thing for longer than five minutes.

4.As is known to all, the earth is becoming warmer and warmer due to the global climate (气候) change.

5.Standing on the top of the mountain, you'll get a good view (景色) of the city.

6.The soldier took his sword and attacked (攻击) the enemy.

7.Achieving your goal to be admitted by a first­grade university is only one of the destinations (目的地) in your life.

8.We rejected (拒绝) his idea for a music club, and decided to have an art club instead.

9.The plane crashed (撞上) into the mountain, but luckily the pilot survived.

10.Smokers (吸烟者) cannot go without cigarettes even a day.

拓展单词 1.reality n.真实,现实→realize vt.实现;意识到→real adj.真实的,真的

2.optimistic adj.乐观的→optimism n.乐观;乐观主义

3.harm vt. & n.伤害,损害→harmful adj.有害的→harmless adj.无害的

4.scientific adj.科学的→science n.科学→scientist n.科学家

5.arrangement n.安排→arrange vt.安排

6.tourism n.观光,游览→tourist n.旅行者,观光者→tour n.旅游,旅行

7.settle vi.定居 vt.解决,使定居→settlement n.解决;定居地

8.attractive adj.吸引人的,有魅力的→attraction n.吸引力;具有吸引力的事物或人→attract vt.吸引

9.entertainment;款待→entertain;招待→entertaining adj.使愉快的;有趣的 [语境活用]

1.We have arranged a special dinner for the guests, and we hope the arrangement will be accepted.(arrange)

2.The two parties wanted to settle the issue, but finally they failed to reach a settlement,_because they disagreed too much with each other.(settle)

3.The children in the mountain village have no entertainment,_so their teachers often tell entertaining stories to entertain them after class.(entertain)

4.The scientist has made great contributions to science,_which has led to much scientific progress.(science)

5.Blackpool is the top tourist attraction in England. A number of visitors from all over the world are attracted by the attractive scenery there.(attract)

6.While I agree that this kind of food is harmless,_it will be harmful to teenagers if they eat it often.(harm)

7.Jamie looked on John as his only real friend, but in reality John often spoke ill of him.(reality)


写准记牢 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空)

1.make_up         编造;构成

2.come_true  实现

3.as_if  好像,仿佛

4.hang_on   (电话用语)别挂断;别放弃

5.get_in_touch  取得联系

6.be_up_to  做,从事于;取决于;胜任

7.in_the_flesh  本人,亲身

8.as_well_as  也,又

9.be_known_as  被认为是

10.take_action  采取行动

11.what's_more  而且

12.take_over  接收,接管

13.consist_of  由……组成

14.cut_off  切掉,切断

15.have_problems_with  在……方面有困难 1.He had his finger cut_off in an accident at work, which left him a painful memory.

2.I'm sure he is_up_to the new job, because he is an experienced driver.

3.It is high time we took/should_take_action to prevent the river from being polluted.

4.Now hang_on a minute — I can't really believe what you just said.

5.Think twice before eating spicy foods; you may have_problems_with your stomach.

6.My English teacher is over forty years old.But he looks as_if he were just thirty years old.

7.The organization encourages members to meet on a regular basis as_well_as provides them with financial support.

8.Guo Jingjing is_known_as a great Chinese diving athlete, who has been retired for a few years.


原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写

1....“it is clear that we are going to see a huge growth in shopping on the Internet.”

……“很显然,我们将会看到网上购物的大幅度增长。” “It is+adj.+that ...”句型,其中it作形式主语。 显然,《春风十里不如你》这部电视剧很受观众喜爱。

It_is_clear_that the TV play Shall I Compare You to a Spring Day is very popular with the audience.

2.... the use of computers with sounds and pictures that make you feel as if you are in a real situation.

……计算机通过模拟声音和图像使你感到仿佛置身于一个真实的空间。 as if意为“好像,似乎”,引导表语从句。 (2017·6月浙江高考写作)Paul 从后窗朝外看,看到这只狼站在Mac的自行车上,好像它是一个杀手。

Paul looked out of the back window and saw the wolf standing over Mac's bicycle as_if_it_were_a_killer.

3.Do you have anything planned for Saturday and Sunday?

你周六、周日有什么安排吗? have sth. done“让某物被做”,过去分词作宾补。 到了我们该更新网页的时候了。

It's time for us to have_our_website_page_updated.

4.But I still find it hard to imagine. 

但我还是觉得令人难以想象。 “动词+it+形容词+to do sth.”句型。 与此同时,我觉得正确运用英语很难。

Meanwhile, I_find_it_hard_to_use_English properly.


高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 易忘易错类——勤览

1.be_expected_to  被期望

2.be_free  免费

3.be_good_at   擅长…… good for  对……有益 good to   对……友好 good with  与……相处得好 1.clothes n. 衣服(集合名词) n.  衣服(不可数)

3.cloth n.  布料(不可数) much money  多少钱 old  多大

6.what size   多大号 1.“没有”的表达法

no book=not a book

no books=not any books

no water=not any water

2.about five kilometers away 

from school


3.far away from school





1.likely adj.有可能的adv.(与most,very连用)可能

[高考佳句] Many bad habits can be especially difficult to cure because they are likely to form at a very young age.(2015·湖北高考)


be likely to do sth.        很可能做某事

It is likely that ...   很可能……

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you'll be less likely to_bring (bring) your work home. 

②If one is late for a job interview, it is not likely that he will get the job.

③It is likely that you will suffer from bad health if you keep smoking.

2.focus vi.集中注意;(使)聚焦 n.焦点,焦距,聚焦;(活动、兴趣等的)中心,集中点

[教材原句] In a book with lots of pictures and charts, I am likely to focus mainly on the written text.


(1)focus on/upon sth./sb.   集中注意力于某物/人

focus one's attention/eyes on   注意力集中于

(2)in focus   焦距对准;清晰

out of focus   焦距没对准;模糊



①The key question is in_focus; why not reach a decision? 

②Instead of focusing on_your wounded feelings, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you.


③The children's faces are_badly_out_of_focus_in the photograph.


④Sensing my state of puzzlement, my teacher told me that by just_focusing_my_attention_on_small_things,_I can make a big difference.


3.offer n.& vt.提供,提议;出价;优惠

[教材原句] Already, users can buy books, find out about holiday offers, book tickets, and get all sorts of information from the Internet.


(1)offer sb.sth. = offer sth. to sb. 主动把某物给某人

offer to do sth.   主动提出做某事

(2)make an offer of help/support/food 主动提供帮助/支持/食物

make an offer to do sth.   主动要做某事

[题点全练] 单句语法填空

①I offered to_help (help) him with his English study, and he accepted with pleasure.

②In a word, we should offer our help and love_to_the people in need.

③When he graduated from college, he made an offer to_be_sent (send) to a remote village school.

4.harm vt.& n.伤害,损害

[高考佳句] For another, drinking too cold or too hot water does nothing but harm to our health.(2014·湖南高考书面表达)


(1)do/cause harm to ...     对……造成伤害

do sb.harm=do harm to sb.   伤害某人;对某人有害

There is no harm in doing sth.   做某事无害处

(2)harmful adj.   有害的,导致损害的

be harmful to ...   对……有害



①Some boys are too crazy about playing games on the computer, which is very harmful (harm) to their health.

②He may not be able to help but there's no harm in asking (ask) him.


③If you want to solve the problem in this way, there_is_no_harm_in_calling_him.


④These days, breaking traffic rules and littering are not uncommon, causing/doing_serious_harm_to life and the environment.


5.suggestion n.建议,提议;意见;暗示

[经典例句] I'd like to hear your suggestions for ways of raising money.


(1)make/offer/give a suggestion   建议,提议

ask for a suggestion   征求建议

(2)suggest vt.   建议,提议;推荐;


suggest (sb.'s) doing sth.   建议(某人)做某事

suggest (that) ... (should) do   建议……(从句用虚拟语气)



①Instead, I suggested choosing (choose) some students to see him on behalf of the whole class.

②Mother suggested that she (should)_adapt (adapt) herself to her new conditions in college as soon as possible.

③He gave a suggestion (suggest) that we (should) change the date.


④(2015·四川高考书面表达)To master Mandarin, I strongly suggest you_(should)_practice_with_Chinese_people. Only through practice can you find the beauty of this language.


[名师指津] suggest表示“暗示,表明”时,其主语往往是事物,而不是人,这时suggest后的宾语从句不用虚拟语气。

⑤The smile on her face suggested that she was (be) quite satisfied with the result.


6.settle vi.定居,安家;停留 vt.安排,解决,处理;决定;安放

[教材原句] The history of the city goes back 650 years when the Maoris settled in the area.


[练牢基点] 写出句中settle的含义

①He settled in the country after his retirement.定居

②I don't think the snow will settle.停留

③There's only one way to settle the argument. 解决


(1)settle down/get settled 定居;稳定;平静下来;舒适地坐下 

settle down to (doing) sth.   开始专心于某事,着手认真做某事

settle in/into   定居;习惯于(新居);适应(新工作)

settle on   决定,选定;停留,降落

(2)settler n.   移居者

settlement n.   解决;住宅区



④Since you have settled down in a new country, you have to make an adjustment to the new environment.

⑤With a lot of difficult problems to_settle (settle), the newly­elected president is having a hard time.

⑥How are the kids settling into their new school?

⑦We stand for a peaceful settlement_(settle) of the international dispute.


⑧Have you settled_on_a_name for the baby yet?


⑨Before we settle_down_to_discussing other things, I have a question to ask you.


7.view n.景色,风景;视野;观点;意见 vt.眺望;观察;观看;看作;考虑

[教材原句] In the city, you can enjoy an amazing view from the Sky Tower, which is the city's tallest Tower.


[练牢基点] 写出句中view的含义

①People came from all over the world to view her work.观看

②If we sit near the front of the bus, we'll have a better view.视野

③He climbed up to the top of the church tower to get a better view of the entire city.景色

④In this lecture, I can only give you a purely personal view of how we can live life to the full.观点;见解


(1)come into view        看得见,进入视野

in view   在视野范围内

have a good view of   清楚地看到;饱览

(2)in view of   鉴于;考虑到

in one's view   在某人看来

(3)view   把……看作 



⑤When the old man opened the window, a stranger with a high hat came_into_view.

⑥When the car was first made, the design was viewed as highly original.

⑦In view_of_the shortage of time, each person may only speak for five minutes.

⑧She waited until the whole island was in_view and then took a photo.


⑨In_my_view,_we should develop healthy eating habits to build up a strong body.


⑩I didn't have_a_good_view_of the stage.


8.average adj.平均的;普通的;正常的;平常的 n.平均数;平均水平;一般水准 v.平均为;计算出……的平均数

[经典例句] Each person raised an average of £60 to plant an acre of trees.(朗文P142)


[练牢基点] 写出句中average的词性及含义

①Parents spend an average of $220 a year on toys.n.平均数

②Drivers in London can expect to average about 12 miles per hour.v.平均为

③40 hours is a fairly average working week for most people.adj.平均的


(1)an average of        平均有(后跟数词)

on (the) average   平均起来

above/below (the) average   在平均水平以上/以下

(2)average out   算出平均数



④(2015·重庆高考单选)Last year was the warmest year on record, with global temperature 0.68℃ above the average.

⑤Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, an average of 40,000 per year.


⑥The computer will average_out the yearly statistics.


⑦On_average,_women pay more attention to their health and figure than men.




1.Wait until the students settle down before you start the lesson.

2.Have the house surveyed before you offer to_buy (buy) it.

3.It is suggested that we (should)_discuss (discuss) the problem.

4.Fancy sitting (sit) in the sun and doing nothing all day!

5.Students will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to_be_formed (form).

6.Indeed, the phone can bring great convenience to our life. However, it can be harmful (harm) to our friendship.

7.It's natural to view management as a profession.

8.When everyone else in the class was focusing on/upon tasks, I could not.

9.On average, a family will use 5 kg of wood per day to cook on a simple wood stove.


1.I don't fancy go out so far in such bad weather. go→going

2.The company developed rapid under his administration.rapid→rapidly

3.I must settle down to finish writing the book. It is very urgent.finish→finishing

4.On his view, in 50 years, the average human life span will be 150 years old.On→In

5.Offering an important role in a new movie, Andy has got a chance to become famous.Offering→Offered


1.Tom's work at school is above_the_average,_while Harry's is below_the_average.


2.It_is_likely_that he will agree with the plan to advocate a low­carbon lifestyle.


3.In_my_view,_you're wrong to impose your idea on others.


4.There_is_no_harm_in_taking some medicine to relieve a headache.


5.Don't just waste your precious time; settle_down_to_some_reading_or_something.



1.get in touch取得联系

[经典例句] We'll get in touch as soon as we know the results of the test.(朗文P2 452)


get in touch with sb.     和某人取得联系(动作)

keep in touch with sb.   和某人保持联系(状态)

be in touch with   和……有联系(状态)

lose touch with   和……失去联系(动作)

be out of touch with   不了解;失去联系(状态)



①To make it easier to get in touch with us, you'd better keep this card at hand.

②I keep in touch with most of my old school friends.


I ③kept/was_in_touch_with my college classmates for about ten years.Unfortunately, when I lost my mobile phone, I ④lost_touch_with them. Later, I ⑤got_in_touch_with them online after we ⑥were_out_of_touch for about half a year.


2.(be) up to做,忙于,从事;多达;达到(数量/规格);胜任;直到……为止;取决于,由……决定;是……的责任

[教材原句] What are you up to this weekend, John?


[练牢基点] 写出句中(be) up to的含义

①It is up to you whether we accept the present or not.取决于

②Some study rooms are for 2-3 people and others can hold up to 6-8 people.达到;多达

③John was fired because he was not up to his work.胜任

④The children are very quiet.I wonder what they are up to.从事,忙于

⑤She continued to care for her father up to the time of his recovery.直到……为止


up to now         直到现在

It is up to you.   随你的便。/由你来决定。

It is up to do sth.   该由某人做某事



⑥It's up to_you to decide whether to go or not.

⑦I have_heard_(hear) nothing from him up to now.



It's_up_to_the_manager_to_make_the_final_decision. well as也,又;和……一样好

[教材原句] Famous sights include Mt Eden, one of many large volcanoes, as well as the Auckland Harbour Bridge.


(1)A as well as B作主语时,谓语动词的单复数随A的人称和数的变化而变化

(2)as well as可以用来连接两个相同的成分,强调的重点在前面,不在后面。放在句首时,后面的动词多用v.­ing形式

(3)may/might as well  最好……;还是……为好;不妨

as well   也,还



①The girl, as well as her brothers, has (have) learned to ride.

②As well as breaking (break) his leg, he hurt his arm.

③Now that you have got a chance, you might as well make (make) full use of it.


④The driver can drive not only cars but also buses.

→The driver can drive buses as well as cars.

4.It is+adj.+that从句

...“it_is_clear_that we are going to see a huge growth in shopping on the Internet.”



(1)在“it is clear that ...”句型中,it替代后面that引导的主语从句作形式主语。可用于该句型的形容词有:clear, obvious, true, possible, necessary, natural, important等。


①It is+名词(a pity, a shame, one's duty, no wonder ...)+that从句

②It is+过去分词(said, reported, known, believed, announced, suggested, required ...)+that从句

③It+不及物动词(happen, occur, appear, seem ...)+that从句

①It's_clear/obvious_that he was suffering great pain when he talked.


②(2015·全国卷Ⅰ满分作文)It is important that you (should)_hand (hand) in your article before 28th, June.


③It_is_known_to_all_that Taiwan belongs to China.


④It_occurred_to_me_that we should get in touch with the manager.

我突然想起我们应该与经理联系。 if引导表语从句

... the use of computers with sounds and pictures that make you feel as_if you are in a real situation.



(1)as if相当于as though,意为“仿佛;好像;似乎”,常用在be, look, seem, sound, smell, feel等系动词的后面引导表语从句。它还可引导方式状语从句。

(2)as if/though从句中的省略:如果as if引导的从句中的主语和主句的主语相同,且含有be动词,可省略从句主语和be动词,这样as if 后就只剩下名词、不定式、形容词(短语)、介词短语或分词。

(3)as if/though从句中的语气:

①如果as if/though引导的从句表示实现的可能性很小或与事实相反,则用虚拟语气:与将来事实相反,从句谓语动词用“would/could/might+do”;与现在事实相反,从句谓语动词用过去时;与过去事实相反,从句谓语动词用过去完成时。


①Hurry up! It looks as if the train is_going_to_move.


②It was John who broke the window.Why are you talking to me as if I had_done (do) it?


③I remember the whole thing as if it happened (happen) yesterday.


④He opened his mouth as if to_say (say) something.




1.It seemed as if the bag had_been_pressed (press) by something heavy.

2.Would you like to have your writing published (publish) in this magazine?

3.Up to now, we have_finished (finish) most of the work, and the rest of the work needs to be done in two days.

4.If no one else wants it, we might as well give (give) it to him.

5.It is reported in the newspaper that several new subway lines are being built in Wuhan.

6.Seeing the super star appear in the flesh, the crowd burst into cheers.

7.My German isn't up to translating (translate) that letter.

8.When you are in Beijing, you may get in touch with a friend of mine.


1.John, as well as his wife and children, are going to visit China next week.are→is

2.I found difficult to answer such a question in so short a time.found后加it_

3.What was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.What→It

4.Wherever you go, keep touch with me, please.touch前加in

5.Don't handle the vase as if it was made of steel.was→were


1.It_is_no_wonder_that he'll sign the contract tomorrow.


2.E­mail, as_well_as_telephone,_is playing an important part in daily communication.


3.It's_up_to_her_to_decide whether or not to go on with the course.


4.This meat tastes as_if/though_it_has_already_gone_bad.


5.Tom had_his_leg_broken while playing football.





(一)单元小语法——will与be going to;




1.If you had taken the medicine yesterday, you would_be (be) well now.

2.If I had_got (get) there earlier, I would have met her.

3.If she should come, I would_tell (tell) her about the matter.

4.—I don't know if he will_come (come) here this afternoon.

—If he comes (come) here this afternoon, please tell me.

5.Close the door of fear behind you, and you will_see (see) the door of faith open before you.

6.If it is fine tomorrow, we will_go (go) to the park.

7.The film ends at 8 o'clock. Then I am_going_to_do (do) some shopping.


1.He wouldn't feel so cold if he was indoors.was→were

2.If we had started earlier, we couldn't had missed the first bus.第二个had→have

3.If the weather permitted, we'll go on a picnic tomorrow.permitted→permits

4.I were too busy at that time. Otherwise, I would have called you.were→was

5.If Bill told me yesterday, I should know what to do now.told前加had


1.If you had not studied the problem carefully, you would_have_difficulty now.


2.He_is_going_to_make_a_speech on TV this evening.


3.He felt very tired yesterday, or_he_would_have_attended the party.


4.If any beasts come at you, I_will_stay_with_you and help you.


5.If I were you, I would_not_be_so_proud.









The Internet is exercising its power in our life. Our parents say the Internet is doing great harm to us. Many students have been addicted to computer games and they affect their study.In fact, the Internet can do us more good than harm. Besides, we should make good use of the Internet.


We have no doubt that the Internet is exercising its power in every aspect of our life.However, our parents are worried about our surfing the Net, saying the Internet is doing great harm to us and affects our study. In fact, the Internet can do us more good than harm. For instance we students can seek help online when we are faced with difficulties in our studies or when we want to find some useful materials to complete a task.

There are many students who have been addicted to computer games,but that's not the fault of the Internet. We should make good use of the Internet.





Ever want to peek at a celebrity's gift list? For the curious and those in need of a few holiday ideas, we tracked down some people. Their answers might surprise you.

Martin Dahinden


TO GIVE: I like things to be practical and well thought­out. I would say that is typically Swiss. I would gift someone a Swiss Army Knife, a useful gift in many ways. Victorinox Swiss Army Spartan Ⅱ Pocket Knife, $17.13. Victorinox Swiss Army EvoWood 17 Swiss Army Knife, $54.97. amazon. com.

Sylvia Colella


TO GIVE: One thing that keeps me motivated is great­looking workout or athletic wear, so I enjoy gifting pieces from my favorite brands, like Michi, Alo Yoga and Spiritual Gangster. Koral Lustrous Legging, $ 95. Michi Bionic Bra, $95.

Melissa Ho


TO GIVE: I would give this book to any Washingtonian who was foolish enough to miss the extraordinary Robert Irwin exhibition at the Hirshhorn this summer. The magic of Irwin's phenomenological art is difficult to convey in either photographs or words, yet Hankins's prose makes the story of his breakthrough years both accessible and enjoyable. Robert Irwin: All the Rules Will Change by Evelyn C. Hankins, $35.90. amazon. com.

Kwame Alexander


TO GIVE: A children's book gift basket with some of my favorites: Zoe in Wonderland by Brenda Woods, anything by Mo Willems, Debbie Levy and Vanessa Brantley­Newton's We Shall Overcome, and this really cool novel called The Crossover. I Dissent, $14.10. We Shall Overcome, $15.65. Zoe in Wonderland, $14.21. The Crossover, $10.36. amazon. com.


21.Who may be a huge fitness enthusiast?

A.Melissa Ho.       B.Sylvia Colella.

C.Martin Dahinden.  D.Kwame Alexander.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据Sylvia Colella部分中的“One thing that keeps me motivated is great­looking workout or athletic wear”可知选B项。

22.How much should you pay at least if you buy a Swiss Army Knife and Hankins's book?

A.$35.90.  B.$53.03.

C.$54.97.  D.$90.87.

解析:选B 细节理解题。根据Martin Dahinden部分中的“Victorinox Swiss Army Spartan Ⅱ Pocket Knife, $17.13”以及Melissa Ho部分中的“Robert Irwin: All the Rules Will Change by Evelyn C. Hankins, $ 35.90”可知选B项。

23.Which of the following is the most suitable for kids?

A.We Shall Overcome.

B.Koral Lustrous Legging.

C.Robert Irwin: All the Rules Will Change.

D.Victorinox Swiss Army EvoWood 17 Swiss Army Knife.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据Kwame Alexander部分中的“A children's book gift basket with some of my favorites ...We Shall Overcome,”可知选A项。


A woman who was born with no arms and legs has been inspiring people across the globe with her full and active lifestyle. As well as home­schooling her ten­year­old son, Pauline Victoria Aughe, 36, from Hawaii, also has a successful career as a  fund­raiser and motivational speaker. She is now posting inspirational videos on YouTube to show how she deals with everyday tasks to prove that nothing is impossible.

Pauline said, “I was born with no limbs and so I don't know any difference. But the fact that I have no limbs doesn't stop me doing anything. I even drive and I know that must shock some people. I have realised that people who watch my YouTube videos in which I show people how I can eat, put on make­up, drive and even send emails without legs and arms can be inspired to change their lives, and that's what I try to do — help other people achieve their full potential.” Despite the challenges that life has thrown at her, Pauline also admits she is an eternal (永恒的) optimist.

When she was young, she did as many things as she could like a normal teenager, like getting involved in sports teams and school clubs.  When it came to starting university, Pauline was also determined to “go it alone” and deliberately chose to study in another city to prove her independence. She got accepted to study broadcast journalism at Santa Clara University in San Francisco in 1993, and aside from occasionally asking her roommate for help when using the bathroom, Pauline used the skills she had developed as a child to manage by herself at university. And she continued to solve problems in daily life with her developing skills after she graduated. She got a job at a high­tech market research company and finally became a disability advocate for a local council.

She said, “I am determined to do as many things as I can by myself. There will be new challenges every day, but they can't stop me just because I have no arms and legs.”

语篇解读:本文讲述了来自美国夏威夷州的Pauline Victoria Aughe靠假肢和轮椅活出精彩人生的故事。

24.The first paragraph serves as________.

A.a comment  B.a background explanation introduction

解析:选D 文章结构题。第一段主要对Pauline Victoria Aughe的状况进行了基本介绍,从而引出下文。所以可判断第一段为引言,因此选D。

25.What can we know from the second paragraph?

A.Pauline wasn't an optimist at a young age.

B.Pauline wants to achieve her full potential.

C.Pauline thinks she is different from others.

D.Pauline's behaviour can inspire people to change their lives.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第二段Pauline所说的话“I have realised that people who watch my YouTube videos in which I show people how I can eat, put  on make­up, drive and even send emails without legs and arms can be inspired to change their lives ...”可知,她的行为可以激励人们改变他们的人生。因此选D。

26.What is the correct order for the following events in Pauline's life?

①She worked as a disability advocate.

②She decided to study in another city.

③She got accepted by Santa Clara University.

④She worked at a high­tech market research company.

A.②④①③          B.②③①④

C.②③④①    D.②①④③

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“...Pauline was also determined to ‘go it alone’and deliberately chose to study in another city to prove her independence. She got accepted to study broadcast journalism at Santa Clara University in San Francisco in 1993 ...She got a job at a high­tech market research company and finally became a disability advocate for a local council.”可知,她首先决定去另一座城市上大学,随后被旧金山圣塔克拉大学广播新闻专业录取,毕业之后顺利进入一家高科技市场调查公司工作,最后在地方议会做一名残疾人倡导者。因此选C。

27.The text is most probably taken from________. inspirational website  B.a diary advertisement  D.a novel

解析:选A 文章出处题。根据全文内容可知,本文主要讲述Pauline Victoria Aughe靠假肢和轮椅活出精彩人生的故事。她用自身经历鼓励人们努力生活,改变自己的人生,是一则励志的故事,因此选A。


(2018·湖北省鄂西北联考)It happens to most first­time fish keepers. They run to a fish store, pick out the best­looking fish, and get all the things they need for their tanks. Then they fill up their tanks and put their fish in the water. Over the course of the next week, their fish aren't looking so good. Then all of a sudden, all of their fish start to die off.

Luckily, there is an explanation. Ammonia (氨) and nitrite (亚硝酸盐) are toxic to fish. You see, keeping fish in a tank produces ammonia. If a fish is placed in a new tank, the tank won't be equipped with the ability to change that ammonia into a less harmful chemical. And that's why they die.

To avoid the whole failure, you have to understand a little something called the Nitrogen Cycle (氮循环). After ammonia is produced in a tank, a kind of bacterium that is naturally found in water (a bacterium that consumes ammonia and produces nitrite) reproduces itself to form a large enough area to change all ammonia into nitrite. As the concentration (浓度) of nitrite increases, the same thing happens to nitrite, which happened to ammonia. A group of bacteria that change nitrite into nitrate (硝酸盐) form in large numbers. The cycle takes about one week to several months, depending on your technique. When a tank reaches a point where it can change all ammonia and nitrite being produced in a tank to nitrate before they reach harmful concentrations, it has finished the Nitrogen Cycle — it is safe for fish.

So before you ever place a fish into a tank from now on, use some skills to make it do that first. To do so, slightly increase ammonia concentration of your tank. If after 24 hours, your tank has no mark of ammonia or nitrite, you can ensure that it's cycled. You just need to perform a partial water change and your tank is ready for fish.


28.What can we learn from Para. 1?

A.It's really hard for people to keep fish well.

B.The author feels very sorry for those dead fish.

C.New fish keepers begin to raise fish in a hurry.

D.People have no idea how to use their tanks well.

解析:选C 推理判断题。第一段描述了养鱼新手经常会遇到的问题:他们刚养的鱼很快就死了;由第二段的最后两句可知这是因为新买的鱼缸没有经过氮循环,从而导致鱼中毒而死;由此可推知,作者在第一段中想说明新手养鱼太仓促了。

29.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “toxic” in Para. 2?

A.Open.  B.Harmful.

C.Familiar.  D.Beneficial.

解析:选B 词义猜测题。由第二段的“the tank won't be equipped with the ability to change that ammonia into a less harmful chemical”可推知,ammonia和nitrite这两种化学物质对鱼类有害。

30.What do we know about the Nitrogen Cycle?

A.It makes sure of fish's safety.

B.It provides all the nutrition fish need.

C.It increases the concentration of ammonia.

D.It produces more chemicals to clean the tank.

解析:选A 细节理解题。由第三段的内容尤其是最后一句“it has finished the Nitrogen Cycle — it is safe for fish”可知,新买的鱼缸经过氮循环之后,人们就可以用它来养鱼了;故选A。

31.Which question can't be answered in the text?

A.What's the right way to raise fish in a new tank?

B.What happens during the Nitrogen Cycle?

C.Why are fish in a new tank likely to die?

D.Why is nitrate less harmful to fish?

解析:选D 推理判断题。文章第一段介绍了养鱼新手常遇到的问题,第二段解释了造成这种问题的原因,第三段具体介绍了氮循环的过程,最后一段介绍了用新鱼缸养鱼的正确方法;故选D。


A recent Stanford study found that America's students are shockingly bad at telling fact from fiction in this digital age. It's apparent that something has to change in the nation's classrooms. That something, according to Professor Sam Wineburg, one of those Stanford researchers, is “practice.”

“How do they become prepared to make the choices about what to believe, what to forward, what to post to their friends,” Wineburg asked on NPR's All Things Considered, “when teachers give no practice to them?”

Patricia Hunt, an experienced teacher at Wakefield High School in Arlington, Va., is doing something she has never done before: helping to pilot a new, digital course called the checkology virtual classroom. It comes from the nonprofit The News Literacy Project.

Hunt's students, most of them seniors, work in threes or fours. They're presented with a series of stories that are rapidly and broadly spread via the Internet. Some are false information. Some are ads. And some are pure fact.

“We don't know which is which at this point,” laughs student Kahder Smith. “We actually have to sit down, take our time, and actually read them. And probably Google some stuff to see if it's real or not.”

A post claims that more than a dozen people died after receiving the flu vaccine (疫苗) in Italy and that the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) is now telling people not to get a flu shot.

“I mean, I've heard many unconfirmed reports that the flu shot's bad for you,” student Autumn Cooper says. But instinct (直觉) tells her the story's wrong. “It just doesn't look like a reliable source. It looks like this is off Facebook and someone shared it.” Cooper labels the story “fiction”. And she's right.

Instead of teaching students the fundamentals of fact­checking, many schools simply ignore the problem, blocking social media sites on school computers.

“It's like teaching students to drive in the parking lot and then sending them out on the highway and saying ‘Good luck!’” says Audrey Church, president of the American Association of School Librarians.


32.What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.Stanford researchers.      B.Media people.

C.Students.  D.Teachers.

解析:选C 代词指代题。根据第一段中的“America's students are shockingly bad at telling fact from fiction in this digital age”可知,在电子时代,美国的学生缺乏辨别真假消息的能力,由此可推测,这里是问“这些学生”怎样才能做好准备选择相信、传递、发布哪些消息呢?另外,根据第二段末的“when teachers give no practice to them”也可推测,这里的they指的是学生。

33.How does Hunt run the digital course?

A.By inviting experts to give students lectures.

B.By asking students to go on the Internet together.

C.By taking students to a news organization regularly.

D.By letting students identify factual information in groups.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第四、五段内容可知,Hunt让她的学生三四人一组鉴别真假消息。

34.According to Church, what should schools do?

A.Help students improve driving skills.

B.Teach students how to spot false news.

C.Allow students to drive on the highway.

D.Ask students to avoid using social media.

解析:选B 推理判断题。根据最后两段内容可知,Church认为学校屏蔽社交媒体的做法就像是在停车场教会学生们开车后让他们直接上高速,这样做无疑风险很大。由此可推测他反对学校屏蔽社交媒体的做法,而是希望学校能够教孩子们如何识别假新闻。

35.What does the text mainly discuss?

A.The findings of a recent Stanford study.

B.An educational issue in the digital age.

C.The influence of a widely spread post.

D.An experienced high school teacher.

解析:选B 主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文讨论了在电子时代,老师如何帮助学生们学会鉴别网络消息的真假,这是一个教育问题。


(2018·江西省红色七校联考)Take a look at your mobile device (设备). Do you see oily fingerprints and dust? __36__

You take your electronics into public restrooms, pass them around to share photos, and press them against sweaty skin in gyms. Repeated studies show your mobile device may be dirtier than the bottom of your shoe. __37__

Cleaning your device can be difficult because you don't want to damage it and manufacturers don't give you much guidance. __38__ Health experts suggest wiping your device down with a slightly wet microfiber (超细纤维) cloth at least daily, which is enough to rid it of fingerprints and dust. Bacteria and viruses may require agents like alcohol.

To clean his mobile device, Derek Meister, a technician for Best Buy's repair and online support service, mixes 70 percent alcohol and 30 percent water. You can do the same thing. Fill a spray bottle (喷壶) with alcohol and water, lightly wet a microfiber cloth, and gently wipe down the screen and case. __39__

Using a can of compressed (压缩的) air to blow between keys will help keep your device's look, performance, and resale value when it's time to upgrade. This gets rid of dust that can damage electronics. Another way is to buy a specialized air compressor like the Data Vac Electric Duster. __40__

“An air compressor gets things really clean,” says Miroslav Djuric, former chief information architect at ifixit. com, an online do­it­yourself community.

A.It helps clean your device thoroughly.

B.Is there a hair stuck at the screen's edge?

C.Do you want to pass it around the table?

D.It can be done, however, if you're careful.

E.Remember, never spray directly onto the device.

F.Apple officially warns against using them to clean its products.

G.Therefore, your mobile device is something you should clean regularly.


36.解析:选B B项不仅符合本空上一句的问句形式,而且和上句一样,都是在问你有没有发现自己的移动设备很脏,符合此处语境。

37.解析:选G 根据上句内容可知,移动设备可能比鞋底都脏,“因此,你应该定期清洁你的移动设备”。

38.解析:选D 本空上一句说清洁自己的移动设备很难,后文却介绍如何清洁自己的移动设备,因此本空应该起承上启下的作用,故D项(然而,如果你小心的话,你可以清洁自己的移动设备)符合此处语境。

39.解析:选E 上一句介绍用喷壶装上酒精和水,把超细纤维的布子喷湿,然后用这个布子轻轻擦拭屏幕和外壳,故E项“千万不要直接喷在设备上”承接上文,符合此处语境。

40.解析:选A 根据下段中的“An air compressor gets things really clean”可知,Data Vac Electric Duster等利用压缩空气的除尘机“可以帮助你彻底清洁设备”。



(2018·河南省八市测评)Online education may sound pretty good. However, there can be considerable __41__ for some students.

Some online programs give you the chance to use an instant messenger or Skype to __42__ in real time with your professors. But these conversations have to be __43__ and are usually __44__ compared to the daily face­to­face interactions (交流) you'll have in a(n) __45__ classroom. If you're a student who __46__ large lecture courses, then this may not __47__ much to you. But if you're the kind of student who prefers smaller lecture courses and likes to __48__ a lot of questions, then you may find yourself __49__ without these chances.

Since you're not studying in a traditional classroom, you'll also __50__ having face­to­face communication with other students. This can make you __51__ important networking chances for your future career (职业), __52__ basic social interactions. __53__ you hope to make new friends — or find future business partners — in shcool, consider taking at least a couple of your __54__ in school.

Most online programs keep their technology instructions __55__ on purpose: a word processing program, a PDF reader, a computer and Internet connection, which most students can use. But these basic requirements __56__ the fact that most online education programs __57__ students to deal with complex virtual (虚拟的) learning environments. For skilled computer __58__, this is no problem. __59__, if you often find yourself struggling with the digital age, this can make you feel less __60__ about completing your coursework.


41.A.requirements        B.disadvantages

C.regulations  D.embarrassments

解析:选B 根据However可知,本句内容与上句之间存在转折关系,所以指的是缺点。

42.A.research  B.exercise

解析:选D 根据该空后的“But these conversations”可知,网络教学是学生与授课者通过一些软件进行即时交谈的方式来实现的。

43.A.scheduled  B.continued

C.recorded  D.interrupted

解析:选A 根据上一句可知,这些交谈必须是安排好的。

44.A.formal  B.rare

C.easy  D.private

解析:选B 根据该空后内容可知,此处是将网上的课堂交流与传统的课堂交流相比较,故网上的课堂交流会比较少。

45.A.traditional  B.public

C.advanced  D.large

解析:选A 根据该空前的“face­to­face interactions”可知,此处指的是传统课堂。

46.A.completes  B.admires

C.experiences  D.prefers

解析:选D 由下文中的“But if you're the kind of student who prefers”可知答案。

47.A.mean  B.refer

C.matter  D.occur

解析:选C 由语境可知,如果你喜欢规模庞大的授课方式,这(指上文提到的网络教学的定时以及课时少的特点)对你来说没有什么两样。

48.A.face  B.answer

C.create  D.ask

解析:选D 但如果你喜欢小型讨论,而且喜欢提问题,那么你就会发现网络教学让你感到很痛苦,因为网络教学没有给你提供这样的机会。

49.A.struggling  B.hesitating

C.stopping  D.escaping

解析:选A 根据该空所在句开头的But可知,该句内容与上句存在转折关系,故此处指的是没有这样的机会,你会感到很痛苦。

50.A.appreciate  B.risk

C.enjoy  D.miss

解析:选D 既然你不在传统课堂上学习,你就失去了与其他同学互动的机会。 

51.A.give  B.lose

C.ignore  D.refuse

解析:选B 不能与其他同学互动,你就会失去你将来的职业生涯所需要的人际网和基本的人际交流。

52.A.with regard to place of well as  D.on account of

解析:选C future career和basic social interactions之间是并列关系。

53.A.Although  B.If

C.Since  D.When

解析:选B 如果你希望结交新朋友或者寻找商业伙伴,要至少在学校里学习几门功课。

54.A.decisions  B.exams  D.chances

解析:选C 参见上题解析。

55.A.expensive  B.funny

C.hard  D.simple

解析:选D 根据冒号后的内容可知,很多网络教学软件操作简单。

56.A.hide  B.prove

C.explain  D.recognize

解析:选A 但这些基本要求掩盖了一个事实:多数网络教学要求学生应对一些复杂的虚拟学习环境。  B.require

C.allow  D.remind

解析:选B 参见上题解析。

58.A.teachers  B.makers

C.users  D.repairers

解析:选C 根据上句可知,此处指的是娴熟的计算机使用者。

59.A.However  B.Otherwise

C.Therefore  D.Meanwhile

解析:选A 根据“this is no problem”和“struggling with the digital age”可知,应选However。

60.A.serious  B.nervous

C.confident  D.careful

解析:选C 根据“if you often find yourself struggling with the digital age”可知,你会对完成课业没有信心。


The Great Wall was grand, a little rainy at first, but grand all the same. The mist covered the far ends of the wall, __61__ (give) it an almost mysterious feeling. The fog rolled in and out of the high mountains, revealing new parts of the wall as __62__ (quick) as it covered them. I kept on walking, seeing watchtower after watchtower __63__ my way. To my __64__ (relieve), many people had decided today was not the best day __65__ (climb) the wall, and I was there with very few people. I walked for __66__ seemed like miles. Then I saw just how long the wall I was standing on stretched for.

It was __67__ (end)! I walked and walked, but after every hill I climbed, there was another long stretch of wall. I eventually came to __68__ long staircase. Later I found out that it __69__ (call) “Chairman Mao's Challenge”. I accepted, and after climbing the hundred plus stairs to the peak, I had to admit that the Great Wall truly lives up to its reputation. So if I __70__ (have) another chance to travel to China, I would never hesitate to visit the Great Wall again.

语篇解读:本文为记叙文。长城举世闻名,是中国文化的一张名片。本文讲述了作者登临长城的所见所感。 考查非谓语动词。水汽弥漫了长城的远端,赋予它一种近乎神秘的感觉。give与其逻辑主语The mist之间为主谓关系,故应用其现在分词形式在句中作结果状语。

62.quickly 考查副词。云雾在高山上翻腾起伏,长城时隐时现。此处为“as+形容词/副词+as ...”结构,在本句中应用副词修饰动词。

63.on/along 考查介词。我继续行走,沿途看见一个接一个的烽火台。on/along one's way“沿途”。

64.relief 考查名词。“to one's+表示情感的名词”是固定用法,意为“令某人……的是”。relieve的名词是relief,意为“轻松,解脱,宽慰”。 climb 考查非谓语动词。当名词前有the only, the best, the first, the last等修饰语时,其后常跟动词不定式作后置定语。

66.what 考查宾语从句。我似乎步行了数英里。分析句子结构可知,空处在句中引导宾语从句,且在从句中作主语,故填what。

67.endless 考查形容词。长城是无边无际的。根据句意及句子结构可知,此处应用形容词作表语,故填endless“无止境的,无垠的”。

68.a 考查冠词。我最终来到一个长长的楼梯前。staircase作“楼梯”讲时是可数名词,且其前无限定词修饰,故应用不定冠词a表示泛指。

69.was called 考查时态和语态。it(指代a long staircase)与call之间存在被动关系,故用被动语态。再结合本文的基本时态为一般过去时可知,此处也应用一般过去时。

70.had 考查虚拟语气。因此如果我再有机会去中国旅行的话,我一定会毫不犹豫再去参观长城的。根据语境可知,此处表示对与将来事实相反的情况的假设,故应填had。





Dear Mike,

What is it going? I will fly to your country to attend the Culture Trip to America in next week. I feel exciting because my dream of visiting America will come true. Through the trip, I hope to open my eyes and learning more about the customs and history of your country. Besides, it is the good chance to practise my English.

Therefore, one thing I'm concerned about is because I may have difficulty communicating with local people. After all, there have many cultural differences between China and America. I'd appreciate if you could give me some proper advices.

I'm looking forward to your early reply.


Li Hua






第六句:Therefore→However; because→that


第八句:if前加it; advices→advice


假定你是李华,你从网上得知你市中心广场4月9日上午8:00至10:00有一场京剧露天表演,你打算邀请你们学校酷爱京剧的外教Mr. Green参加。请根据下列要点给他写一封邀请信:










Dear Mr. Green,

I am writing to invite you to watch a Peking Opera performance to be given on April 9th from 8:00 am to 10:00 am in the Central Square of our city. Now that you are a great lover of Peking Opera, I am sure that you don't want to miss the chance. Some famous Peking Opera performers will give a two­hour performance. It is free to anyone who is interested in it. Remember to come before 8:00 am.

Please let me know whether you will come. I am looking forward to your reply.


Li Hua



1.They settled down to test papers when they came to the room.

2.It sounds as though you had (have) a good time.

3.If you make an offer to_help (help) people, you'll eventually be rewarded.

4.The challenge was huge, and many people thought you were not up to it.

5.She also wanted to make sure she didn't lose touch with her friends in Taiwan.


1.Brown meat essence is harmful for people's health.for→to

2.They settled down to read the text when the class→reading

3.Mary as well as I have been to the Great Wall.have→has

4.He finds difficult to understand the main point of her speech.finds后加it

5.It was suggested that you attended the opening ceremony.attended→attend


1.On_average,_a powerful earthquake occurs less than once every two years.


2.We find_it_important_to_develop low­carbon economy.


3.It_is_clear_that shopping online has affected our daily life now.


4.The majority of people take in too much fat and not enough fibre, which does_great_harm_to_their_health.


5.It_looks_as_if my opinions, my likes and dislikes just don't count.


淮南英语辅导2019年高考英语一轮复习北师大版学案:Unit 4 Cyberspace 必修2转载请注明:


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