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淮南高中英语一对一辅导必修一Unit1重要知识点背诵

 

北师大必修一英语unit1重要知识点概况

 

Ⅰ.核心必记单词

1.matter vi.要紧,有重大关系

2.suppose vt.认为,猜想

3.bored adj.厌烦的,不感兴趣的→boring adj.没趣的;令人厌倦(或厌烦)的

4.stress n.压力→stressful adj.充满压力的,紧张的→stressed adj.感到有压力的

5.suffer vi.遭受(痛苦),感到疼痛→suffering n.痛苦,苦难→sufferer n.受害者

6.organise vt.组织→organisation n.组织

7.prefer vt.更喜欢;宁愿→preference n.偏爱,倾向

8.stand vt.忍耐,忍受

9.volunteer n.志愿者;v.自愿提供;自愿→voluntary adj.自愿的;志愿的

10.graduate n.& vi.毕业生;毕业→graduation n.毕业;毕业典礼

11.support vt.&n.支持;支撑

12.distance n.距离→distant adj.遥远的

Ⅱ.阅读识记单词

13.partner n.伙伴;合作者,搭档→part n.部分;v.分离

14.peaceful adj.平静的;和平的→peace n.和平→peacefully adv.和平地

15.relaxing adj.轻松的;令人放松的→relax vt.& vi.放松→relaxed adj.放松的;轻松的

16.complain vi.抱怨;投诉

17.switch vt.转换,转变;打开(开关)

18.remote adj.遥远的

19.alarm n.警报,警告器→alarmed adj.害怕的→alarming adj.令人惊恐的

20.urgent adj.急迫的,紧急的→urgently adv.紧急地→urgency n.紧急;催促

21.expert n.专家;adj.熟练的;内行的

22.pressure n.压力→press n.新闻业,报界;出版社;v.压;按

23.social adj.社交的;社会的→society n.社会;交际

24.reduce vt.减少;降低

25.challenge n.&v.挑战

26.design n.&vt.设计→designer n.设计者

27.advertisement n.广告→advertise v.(为……)做广告

28.presentation n.表演;展示→present n.目前;礼物;adj.现在的;在场的;v.赠送;介绍;呈现

29.crowded adj.拥挤的→crowd n.人群,一伙人;v.拥挤,挤满

30.nearby adj.附近的;adv.在附近

31.otherwise adv.否则;另外

32.forecast n.预报;预测

33.classical adj.古典的

34.formal adj.正式的,合礼仪的

35.style n.风格,作风

 

1.switch on/off/over把开关打开,接通/把……关掉,关上/转换频道,转变

 

2.go off(铃、爆竹等)响

3.get changed换衣服,更衣

4.take up占据;开始从事

5.be filled with充满着

6.suffer from忍受,遭受

7.take turns to do sth.轮流做某事

8.be prepared for...为……做好准备

9.be free of免受;摆脱

10.at the moment此刻,目前

11.as a result结果

12.come up with追上,赶上;想出,找到

13.play a role/part in...在……中起作用

14.as well as除……之外还;既……又……

15.look forward to盼望,期望

16.make a difference有影响;起作用

 

 

1.do you think你认为(用作插入语)

What kind of lifestyles do you think the men in the pictures have?

你认为图中的人们有着什么样的生活方式?

句式仿写 你认为这部电视剧是在哪里制作的?

Where do you think the TV play was made?

2.while连接并列句,表对比

I always take my portable TV and I sit on the stone wall while the dog walks round in a circle.

我总是随身携带我的手提电视,坐在石墙上看,小狗则在我身边绕圈。

句式仿写 有些人浪费粮食,然而有些人却吃不饱。

Some people waste food while others haven’t enough.

3.The first...to do sth.

I am always the first person to get to the office.

我总是第一个到达办公室的人。

句式仿写 1931年,亚当斯成为美国第一个获得诺贝尔和平奖的女性。(2016·全国Ⅰ)

In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

4.so...that...如此……以至于……,引导结果状语从句

Usually,it’s so crowded that I can’t find anywhere to sit.

通常,地铁很拥挤,我很难找到座位。

句式仿写 环境是如此糟糕以至于再次找到雪橇痕迹对他来说是不可能的。(2016·北京)

Conditions were so bad that it was impossible for him to find the trail again.

5.the same...that...和……一样

We don’t have the same work hours that office workers in the city have.

我们和这个城市里办公室工作人员的上班时间不同。

句式仿写 这就是我上周丢失的那支钢笔。

This is the same pen that I lost last week.

 

Ⅲ.教材与语法填空

Different people like different lifestyles.Here are two examples.Brian Blakey,1.who is a couch potato,likes doing the following things every day.After waking up,he doesn’t get up 2.immediately(immediate).Instead,he turns on the television and spends sixteen or seventeen hours a day 3.watching(watch) TV.4.In addition,he goes out to walk his dog 5.named(name) Tina every afternoon.It is because he has a good wife who 6.is working(work) outside to make money that he can live this lifestyle.They don’t have much money,but they are happy.Bob Black,who is a workaholic,likes being busy.Normally,he gets up very early and he is always the first person 7.to get(get) to the office.For him,every minute of the day 8.is filled(fill) with urgent matters.He gets home 9.so late that his wife and children are already 10.asleep(sleep),but he likes this lifestyle.

 

Ⅳ.教材与短文改错

I’m an accountant and I travel to work on “the tube”.That’s that people call the underground in London.Usually,it’s so crowding that I can’t find somewhere to sit.I don’t like the underground.Paul is a farmer and he works in the farm and doesn’t need travel.There is many things for him to do.He grows wheat and vegetables so there were many things to look after.He likes to play with his child.They are six and eight years old.Paul now is studying Chinese by distant learning.He is so very interested in China and he wants to see the Great Wall one day.

答案

I’m an accountant and I travel to work on “the tube”.That’s  people call the underground in London.Usually,it’s so  that I can’t find  to sit.I don’t like the underground.Paul is a farmer and he works  the farm and doesn’t need  travel.There many things for him to do.He grows wheat and vegetables so there  many things to look after.He likes to play with his .They are six and eight years old.Paul now is studying Chinese by  learning.He is so very interested in China and he wants to see the Great Wall one day.

 

Ⅴ.教材与微写作

写作素材(关于生活方式)

1.过去约翰放学回家,总是把电视打开。

2.看电视占用了他大部分的业余时间,这使他患了近视。

3.意识到这个问题之后,他决心半年不看电视,这对他来说是个挑战。

4.然而,在家人的支持下,他的诺言成了现实。

5.看到他的进步,他的父母心中充满了自豪。

提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用which引导的非限制性定语从句、现在分词短语作状语等。

连句成篇(将以上句子连成一篇60词左右的英语短文)

John used to switch on TV after returning home from school.Watching TV took up most of his spare time,which made him suffer from short­sightedness.Recognizing this problem,he decided not to watch TV for half a year,which was a challenge for him.However,with his family’s support,his promise came true.Seeing his progress,his parents were filled with pride.

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