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淮南英语老师解析小学英语被动语态基础篇

淮南英语老师解析小学英语被动语态基础篇

被动语态

beidong

含义:什么人或什么东西被怎么样了

结构:be done

 

一般现在时的被动语态

You are loved by me.

The toilet is cleaned by me. 

 

一般过去时的被动语态

Dao Meicui was criticized by his mother.

Dao Meicui was bitten by a dog.

Dao Meicui was hit by a car.

 

一般将来时的被动语态

You will be eaten by me.

 

现在进行时的被动语态

A dress is being made by Tom now.

 

过去进行时的被动语态

Tom was being chased by Jerry at 7am yesterday.

 

现在完成时的被动语态

The cake has been seen by me.

The garden has been watered by me.

 

含有情态动词的被动语态

The Pacific Ocean can be swum across by me.

He may be killed by me.

淮南英语老师,小学英语被动语态,英语基础篇

【各种时态被动语态的结构】

一般现在时

am/is/ are+ done

一般过去时

was/ were+ done

一般将来时

will be+ done 

现在进行时

am/ is/ are being+ done 

过去进行时

was/ were being+ done

现在完成时

have/ has been+ done 

含有情态动词

can/ may/ must be+ done淮南英语老师,小学英语被动语态,英语基础篇

被动语态结构的七字箴言

 “列竖式错位相加”  

 

【主动语态如何转化为被动语态】  

主动①②③  被动③②①

I          eat       an apple every day.         

An apple  is eaten  by me     every day.

 

Tom    caught       Jerry.

Jerry  was caught  by Tom

 

The cat      will eat      the fish.    

The fish  will be eaten  by the cat.

 

实战百分百

将下列句子改为被动语态。

1.I have bought a nice bicycle.

   A nice bicycle                                       by me.

2.The professor is translating the famous book now.

   The famous book                                       by the professor now.

3.You should make a plan before going travelling.

   A plan                                       before going travelling.

4.A car hit Dao Meicui yesterday.     

   Dao Meicui                                       by a car yesterday.

5.People all over the world know the Great Wall.

   The Great Wall                                       by people all over the world.

 

                             【今日猛题】

The boy            to get supper ready after school.

A.were told     B.is telling  C.was told  D.tells

 

Keys:

1.has been bought   2.is being translated   3.should be made   4.was hit   5.is known

淮南英语老师,小学英语被动语态,英语基础篇

测试题

 

将下列主动语态的句子改为被动语态

1.We’ll build a new railway next year.

   A new railway                        next year.

2.He was making a cake at this time yesterday.

   A cake                     by him at this time yesterday.

3.People usually plant trees in spring.

   Trees                        in spring.

4.The children broke the window last Tuesday.

   The window                        by the children last Tuesday.

5.The police may catch the thief. I’m not sure.

   The thief                        by the police.

6.Xiao Pang has eaten five hamburgers.

 

Keys:

1.will be built by us

2.was being made

3.are usually planted (by people)

4.was broken 

5.may be caught

6.Five hamburgers have been eaten by Xiao Pang.

以上是淮南英语老师宫灿灿解析小学入门英语被动语态基础篇章

 

 

 

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