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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高二辅导 > 12.15 必修4 Unit 12 学生版

12.15 必修4 Unit 12 学生版

 

必修四Unit 11 The Media        学生

Ⅰ.考纲单词——会拼写、要识记

 

1. 闲谈,聊天

2. 政治的

3. 广泛的

4.要求,请求

5.债务,欠款

6.信仰;信心;信任

7.主办(国/城市/机构);

主人;主办

8.出版,发行

9.证明,证据

10.发生,出现

11.责怪,归咎于

12.愿意的,乐意的

13合法的,与法律有关的

14.尝试,试图

15.鼓励

16.态度,看法

17.不喜爱,厌恶

18.假装

19.幽默

20.有害的

21.忠实地,真诚地

22.议程

23.委员会

24.殊荣;物质;区别

25.天真无邪的,单纯的;无罪的

26.外表上;视觉地

27.天文学家

 

 

Ⅱ.派生单词——能辨别

 

1n. 疼痛

 →adj. 令人痛苦的,引起疼痛的

2.vt. 宣布,宣告

 →n. 公布,宣告,声明

3.vt. 使愉快

 n. 快乐

 →adj. 高兴的,愉快的

 →adj. 令人高兴的

4.vt. 分析

 →n. 分析

5. vt. 雇用

 → n. 雇主

 →n. 雇员

 → n. 雇用

 →n. 失业(状态)

6.n. 争论;理由

 →vi. 争论

7.vt. 尊敬,尊重

 → adj. 受人敬重的

 → adj. 值得敬重的

 → adj. 恭敬的,表示尊敬的

8. vt. 为……做广告,登广告

 →n. 广告

 →n. 广告人

9.v. 适合

 → adj. 合适的

10.n. 贡献,捐助

 → v. 贡献,捐助

11. n. (作计划或决定时)必须考虑的事

 → vt. 考虑,打算

 →adj. 考虑周全的,体贴的

12.vt. 保卫,防御

 →n. 保卫;防卫

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 12 Culture Shock

[单词 拼写应用]

Ⅰ.考纲单词——会拼写、要识记

 

1.owe vt. 欠(情、债等)

2.brief adj. 短暂的,简短的

3.exchange vt. 兑换,交换

4.laughter n. 笑;笑声

5.book vt. 预约,预订

6.novel n. (长篇)小说

7.headmaster n. 校长

8.request n. 请求

9.familiar adj. 熟悉的,常见的

10.arrival n. 到达,抵达

11.aspect n. 方面

12.outgoing adj. 友好的,乐于交友的

13.earthquake n. 地震

14.belong vi. 适应;属于

15.birthplace n. 出生地

16.fond adj. 喜爱

17.broad adj. 各种各样的;广阔的

18.minority n. 少数,少数民族

19.unfair adj. 不公平的

20.forgive vt. 宽恕,饶恕

21.cheque n. 支票

22.indicate vt. 表明;表示

23.canteen n. 食堂,餐厅

24.appetite n. 胃口,食欲

25.detective n. 侦探

26.contrary adj. 相反的

27.preview n. 预告;预演,预展

 

 

Ⅱ.派生单词——能辨别

 

1.apology n. 道歉,认错

 →apologize v. 道歉,辩解,赔不是

2.absorb vt. 理解,掌握;吸收

 →absorbed adj. 被……吸引住的

 →absorbing adj. 吸引人的

3.expectation n. 期待的事物,预期

 →expect vt. 期待,预料,指望

 →expected adj. 预期的,预料的

4.majority n. 大半,大多数

 →major adj. 主要的;重要的

5.reason n. 理由 

 v. 推论

 →reasonable adj. 合理的,正当的

6.curious adj. 好奇的

 →curiously adv. 奇怪地;好奇地

 →curiosity n. 好奇

7.move v. 移动;感动

 →movement n. 动作;活动

 →movable adj. 可移动的

 →moved adj. 感动的

 →moving adj. 令人感动的

8.formal adj. 正式的

 →formally adv. 正式地

 →informal adj. 非正式的

9.caution n. 小心,谨慎

 →cautious adj. 小心翼翼的,谨慎的

10.educate v. 教育

 →education n. 教育

 →educator n. 教育者

 →educated adj. 有教养的

11.add vt. 增加;补充说

 →addition n. 相加,增加物

 →additional adj. 附加的,补充的

12.injure vt. 伤害

 →injury n. 伤害

 →injured adj. 伤害的

 

 

 

 

Ⅲ.语境应用(用所给词的适当形式填空)

1.I don't want to get too absorbed(absorb) in modeling.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)

2.In a further twist, birth rate is highest in poorly educated(educate) rural areas.(2017·江苏高考)

3.If I have made any mistakes,I'm ready to apologize(apology).

4.Since her arrival(arrive) at the company,she has reorganized several departments.

5.Her husband is cautious(caution),never making a swift decision about anything.

6.You should know the additional(addition)

responsibilities that are incidental to the job.

7.Parents owe their children privacy and respect for their personal belongings(belong).

8.The boy is curiously watching what the old man is doing in the garden and he is always curious about the world outside and shows great curiosity about what is going on in nature.(curious)

9.The couple moved into the movable house and they felt much moved to see the moving movie after moving into the new house.(movement)

10.Three people were killed and five injured in the crash.The doctor said two of the injured had serious injuries.(injure)

 

[拓展联想]

单复数同形名词知多少

①manners 礼貌 ②means 方法

③news 新闻 ④series 丛书

⑤Swiss 瑞士人 ⑥deer 鹿

⑦beer 啤酒 ⑧spacecraft 航天器

“伤害”动词小聚

①wound 伤害 ②hurt 受伤

③damage 损害 ④harm 伤害

⑤impair 损害 ⑥destroy 破坏;损坏

“说”之种种

①insist 坚持说  ②joke 开玩笑地说

③add 继续说 ④complain 抱怨说

⑤go on 接着说 ⑥warn 警告说

⑦come on 说吧 ⑧whisper 低声说

 

 

[短语 多维应用]

Ⅰ.短语回顾——会默写

 

1.get used to 习惯于

2.give...a lift 让……搭车,搭便车

3.see...off 给(某人)送行

4.belong to 属于

5.insist on 坚持,坚决要求

6.stare at 盯着看;凝视

7.be attached to 附属于

8.sound like 听起来像

9.in poor condition 状况不好

10.be sensitive to 对……敏感

11.at least 至少

12.contrary to 与……相反

13.put/bring an end to 结束

14.loads of 许多,大量

 

 

Ⅱ.语境应用(用上述短语的适当形式填空)

1.I found the job tiring at first but I soon got used to it.

2.After Tom saw Frank off at the bus station,he went to the post office to post the letter.

3.Contrary to most managers' opinion,the young manager voiced his unique view.

4.A final battle put/brought the war to an end,and then the country had been in peace for many years.

5.The young man insisted on being sent to where he was most needed.

6.The fresh air belongs equally to us all,we should protect it being polluted.

7.That sounds like Bill coming up the stairs.

8.They stared at the strange sight in silent wonder.

9.I've got loads of friends who're unemployed.

10.I've known her at least as long as you have.

 

[拓展联想]

无被动语态短语大全

①date from 始于

②belong to 属于

③suffer from 遭受

④come true 变成现实

⑤take place 发生

⑥break out 爆发

聚焦“看”相关短语

①look around  环顾;四下察看

②look down 俯视;向下看

③look up 仰望;抬头往上看

④glare at 怒视

⑤stare at 盯着看;凝视

⑥glance at 浏览;粗略地看

 

[句式 结构仿写]

教材原句——会背诵

句式仿写——能应用

1.特殊疑问词+不定式

Decide where to go on holiday with a friend.

1.曾有一段时间,我不知道如何与同学相处。

There was a time when I didn't know how to get along with my classmates.

2.have a difficult time (in) doing sth.“有一段较为困难的时光”

When I first arrived in San Francisco,I had a difficult time understanding certain aspects of the American way of doing things.

2.在你休息后,你回到工作状态会感到困难吗?

After you take a break,do you have a difficult time going back to work?

3.the last time引导时间状语从句

I had a similar experience the last time I visited China.

3.上次我游黄山时被它的美景迷住了。

I was attracted by the beautiful scenery of Mount Huang the last time I visited it.

 

突破2个高考句型

 (教材P39)Decide where to go on holiday with a friend.定好和朋友到哪儿去度假。

句中where to go on holiday...为“特殊疑问副词+不定式”结构,在句中作宾语。

(1)特殊疑问词后跟动词不定式构成的短语,可以在句子中作主语、宾语、表语,还可以作定语。(why和if后不能直接跟动词不定式)

(2)在“特殊疑问代词+不定式”结构中,不定式往往与前面的疑问代词构成动宾关系,不定式结构用主动语态。

(3)此类不定式短语作定语时,通常仅限于“介词+which+不定式”结构。

①How to divide labor among the workers is still a question.(作主语)这些工人之间如何分工仍是个问题。

②He told his mother that he needed ten dollars with which to buy a new dictionary.(作定语)

他对他妈妈说,他需要10美元买一本新字典。

③The most competent adults are those who know how to do(do) this.(作宾语)(2016·天津高考·阅读理解C)最有能力的成年人是那些知道怎么样去做这一点的人。

 (教材P40)I had a similar experience the last time I visited China.上次我到中国参观时,也有同样的经历。

表示时间的名词短语the last time相当于从属连词,引导时间状语从句。

(1)名词短语作连词引导时间状语从句的还有the first time,each time,any time,next time,the moment,the second,the minute,the instant,the hour,the day等。

(2)以­ly结尾的副词,如directly,instantly,immediately也可以用来引导时间状语从句,意为“一……就……”,相当于as soon as。

①The moment he got out of the airport,the pop star was surrounded by his fans.

这位著名的歌星一出飞机场,就被歌迷围了起来。

②I came to see you immediately (immediate) I heard the news.

我一听到这个消息,马上就来看你了。

 链接写作 

一见到她我就告诉她这个消息。

I will tell her the news ⑤immediately④the instant I see her.

 

热身:听力:

第一节,(共5小题,每小题1.5,满分7.5分)

   听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给出的A B C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在答题卡上,听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman mean ?

A. The weather is good .      B. She doesn`t know how to swim    C. She will not go to swim

2. How does the woman probably feel now ?

   A. Interested     B. Nervous      C. Excited

3. What does the woman regret ?

4. What will the woman give the man ?    A. An apple      B. A pear       C. An orange

5. What will the woman do ?

   A. Wait for Lily     B. Get into the hall      C. Prepare for her performance

第二节(共15小题,每小题1,5 ,满分22,5分)

听下面5段对话或对白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给出的A B C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,标在答题卡上。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6 ,7题。

6. What is the man going to do ?

  A. Go shopping       B. Meet Steve       C. Write an article

7. Where will the two speakers meet ?

  A . At the supermarket     B. At the zoo     C. At the sandwich bar

听第7段材料,回答8,9题。

8. What color is Alice`s hair now ?

   A. Black       B. Gray        C. Blond

9. How does Alice do her art ,now ?

   A. By hands     B. By cameras      C. By computer

听第8段材料,回答10至12题

10. How long does the man often sieep ?

   A. For 3 hours      B. For 5 hours        C. For 7 hours

11. What does the woman give the man ?

   A. A new job       B. Medicine for sleep       C. Some advice   

12. What is the main cause of the man`s problem ?

 A. Eating too little    B. Worrying about work   C. Strong desire for a better job

听第9段材料,回答13至16题

13. What is the man probably going to be ?

   A. A lawyer         B. A businessman         C. A doctor

14. What did the woman plan to study at first ?

   A. Medicine        B. Business       C. English

15. Why does the woman want to learn English ?

A. English is easier to learn    B. English is very interesting    C. English is very important

16. What are the two speakers ?

A. Lawyers      B. Students         C. Doctors

听第10段材料,回答17至20 题

17. What was it difficult for the speaker to decide ?

   A  Where to learn the violin        B. Who to learn the violin from      

C. Which musical instrument to learn

18. What is the speaker`s father  ?

A. A violinist.        B. A pianist        C. A singer

19. How long does the speaker practice the violin every day ?

A. For two hours a day    B. For one and a half hours a day       

C. For one hour a day

20. What is the common reason for people giving up practicing ?

A. Lack of time    B . Lack of money      C. Lack of self—confidence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

一、话题与语篇

[考题示例]         (2016·天津高考)

The journey my daughter Cathy has had with her swimming is as long as it is beautiful.

Cathy suffered some terrible __16__ in her early childhood. After years of regular treatment, she __17__ became healthy.

Two years ago, while Cathy was watching the Olympics, a dream came into her sweet little head — to be a swimmer. Last summer, she wanted to __18__ our local swim team. She practiced hard and finally __19__ it. The team practice, __20__, was a rough start. She coughed and choked and could hardly __21__  her first few weeks. Hearing her coughing bitterly one night, I decided to __22__ her from it all. But Cathy woke me up early next morning, wearing her swimsuit __23__ to go! I told her she shouldn't swim after a whole night's coughing, but she refused to __24__ and insisted she go.

From that day on, Cathy kept swimming and didn't __25__ a single practice. She had a __26__ intention within herself to be the best she could be. My ten­year­old was growing and changing right before my eyes, into this __27__ human being with a passion and a mission. There were moments of __28__ of course:often she would be the last swimmer in the race. It was difficult for Cathy to accept that she wasn't a __29__ — ever. But that didn't stop her from trying.

Then came the final awards ceremony at the end of the year. Cathy didn't expect any award but was still there to __30__ her friends and praise their accomplishments. As the ceremony was nearing the end, I suddenly heard the head coach __31__, “The highest honor goes to Cathy!” Looking around, he continued, “Cathy has inspired us with her __32__ and enthusiasm. __33__ skills and talents bring great success, the most valuable asset (财富) one can hold is the heart.”

It was the greatest __34__ of my daughter's life. With all she had been __35__ in her ten years, this was the hour of true triumph (成功).

16.A.failure     B.Pressure       C.loss         D.illness

17.A.usually     B.Finally        C.firstly         D.frequently

18.A.improve     B.Train          C.join         D.contact

19.A.increased     B.Found         C.created         D.made

20.A.however     B.Therefore      C.otherwise     D.instead

21.A.use         B.Survive        C.save         D.waste

22.A.pull         B.Tell           C.hide         D.fire

23.A.afraid       B.Nervous       C.ready         D.free

24.A.take off     B.set off         C.give up        D.show up

25.A.attend         B.Miss          C.ban         D.start

26.A.rich         B.Weak          C.firm         D.kind

27.A.trusted     B.Determined     C.Experienced    D.embarrassed

28.A.frustration     B.Delight         C.excitement   D.surprise

29.A.beginner     B.Learner         C.partner     D.winner

30.A.cheer on     B.compete with    C.respond to     D.run after

31.A.admitting     B.Explaining       C.announcing    D.whispering

32.A.humor     B.Will            C.honesty     D.wisdom

33.A.Although      B.Since          C.Once         D.Because

34.A.discovery     B.Choice         C.influence     D.moment

35.A.through     B.Under          C.across         D.around

 

 

 

 

 

二、话题与写作

[考题示例]          (2015·全国卷Ⅰ)

假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登介绍美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1.栏目介绍;

2.稿件内容;

3.稿件长度:约400词;

4.交稿日期:6月28日前。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头语已为你写好。

Dear Peter,

I'd like to ask you to write an article for our school's English newspaper.

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

[写作规范] 

第一步:写对词汇不丢冤枉分

1.栏目         column

2.旨在;瞄准    aim

3.机会   opportunity

4.涉及 involve

5.呈交   submit

6.与……共享   share_..._with_...

7.大约;上下   or_so

8.向……投稿   contribute_to_...

 

第二步:列全要点,写对句子保基本分

1.在我们学校的报纸上有一个叫“外国文化”的栏目。

In_the_newspaper_of_our_school_there_is_a_column_called_“Foreign_Cultures”.

2.它旨在介绍美国的风俗和高中生的生活。

It_aims_to_introduce_American_customs_and_the_life_of_high_school_students.

3.我认为对你来说这是一次与我们一起分享你的经历的好机会。

I_believe_this_is_a_wonderful_opportunity_for_you_to_share_your_own_experience_with_us.

4.你在六月二十八日前交上你的文章是很重要的。(用主语从句)

That_you_should_submit_your_article_before_28th,_June_is_important.

5.如果你想向我们的报纸投稿,请在截止日期之前发给我你的文章。

If_you_want_to_contribute_to_our_newspaper,_please_send_me_your_article_before_the_deadline.

第三步:句式升级,打造亮点得高分

1.用现在分词作后置定语连接练习1、2

In_the_newspaper_of_our_school_there_is_a_column_called_“Foreign_Cultures”,_aiming_to_introduce_American_customs_and_the_life_of_high_school_students.

2.用it作形式主语提升练习4

It_is_important_that_you_should_submit_your_article_before_28th,_June.

 

第四步:过渡衔接,润色成文创满分

Dear Peter,

I'd like to ask you to write an article for our school's English newspaper.

In the newspaper of our school there is a column called “Foreign Cultures”, aiming to introduce American customs and the life of high school students. I believe this is a wonderful opportunity for you to share your own experience with us.

The article can involve western festivals and customs, such as Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas. You can also write about students' daily life. The length of the article should be limited to 400 words or so. It is important that you should submit your article before 28th, June.

If you want to contribute to our newspaper, please send me your article before the deadline.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

[阅读理解提速练]

A

Tour operators have seasonal deals on holidays to Canada, Australia and other countries in a new year.

Austravel

Holidaymakers can save up to 30% on a trip to Australia with the Austravel sale, which runs for about a month. It also includes a fortnight­long trip to Perth and a west coast self­drive trip from £ 795pp including flights in May or July.

•austravel. com

Canadian Affair

The leading UK tour operator to Canada will be offering savings of up to £140pp during its winter sale. This includes a three­night city break to Toronto, including return flights, for just £399, if you book before 24 December. Other deals continue until 31 December.

•canadianaffair. com

Thomson and First Choice

Some deals are being launched this week by Thomson and First Choice, with early booking offers including free places for kids, lower deposits and up to £300 off per couple on a lot of destinations.

•thomson. co. uk, firstchoice. co. uk

Eurocamp

The camping company is offering thousands of Easter and May half­term holidays for under £350, such as an Easter break at La Baume on the French Riviera for just £25 a night, based on a stay in a two­bedroom holiday home. Early bookers can save up to 25% and secure a holiday with a deposit of just £99.

•eurocamp. co. uk

Kuoni

Running from Christmas Eve, the Kuoni sale includes a wide range of offers. These offers include ten nights full board in the Maldives from £1,599 and seven nights in Phuket, Thailand from £999 per person —  both including flights and transfers (换乘).

•kuoni. co. uk

1.How long may you stay in Perth with Austravel?

A.One month.     B.Two weeks.      C.One week.    D.Four nights.

2.What does the author say about Thomson and First Choice?

A.It requires no deposit.            B.It offers cheap return flights.

C.It is suitable for family travel.     D.It can save up to £300 per person.

3.What do Eurocamp and Kuoni have in common?

A.Both have various offers.

B.Both include flights.

C.Both offer a discount for early booking.

D.Both need a deposit to secure a holiday.

 

B

(2018·烟台质检)When I was in college, I spent a semester studying abroad at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. In my brief time there, I came to love Scotland for its local culture, food and scenery.

You might think, “Scotland isn't so different from the US; they still speak English there!” But when I stepped off the plane, I was greeted by a gruff­voiced (声音粗哑的) lady at customs. “You'll be coming from America, then?” She asked me, and I nodded. “But all of our guys are leaving Glasgow for the States!” Her thick Scottish English and sense of humor were obvious right away. I was not in the US any more, where customs agents never joke around.

As I settled in at the university, I could feel myself getting used to hearing — and even speaking — the Scottish English of my customs agent. In classroom discussions, people would say “em” when they couldn't think of what to say instead of “um”, which was great fun. After the first few weeks, I stopped chuckling about this. Strathclyde students stayed up late into the night, running around campus and shouting, “Go! Lat's go, lat's go, lat's go (curse word) Glasgow!” Pretty soon, I was no longer saying “thanks” at the supermarket — instead, I said “cheers”.

My Scottish friends drank whiskey and ate haggis (羊杂碎布丁). I drank plenty of whiskey but I was ashamed to admit that I wasn't brave enough to try haggis. Scottish bakeries usually sell bridies (肉馅饼). Add a cup of tea — though I usually Americanized it by choosing coffee instead — and a bridie makes for a delicious breakfast.

Every time I took a train anywhere in Scotland, I'd gaze out at the rolling hills and wonder if grass was greener than anywhere else in the world. Then I'd reflect that there's a reason this country was the birthplace of golf.

4.What did the author think of the lady at customs?

A.Impolite. B.Friendly.

C.Serious. D.Calm.

5.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “chuckling” in Paragraph 3?

A.Talking loudly. B.Comparing.

C.Laughing quietly. D.Hearing.

6.What is the author's purpose of writing the text?

A.To explain why Scotland is famous for golf.

B.To promote the development of Scottish catering trade.

C.To introduce different pronunciations of “em”and “um”.

D.To share his experiences in Scotland as an exchange student.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

单元检测B——完形填空精准练+失分题型强化练

[完形填空精准练]

(2018·辽宁省铁岭市协作体联考)A person may have a number of abilities and talents, but he could fail. __1__ the person is aware of his abilities and has the determination to __2__ them, he is going to be a failure. Great people __3__ their abilities, made the best use of at least one of their talents and finally succeeded.

Great men don't wait for the right opportunity to turn up on their doorstep; __4__, they create the opportunity in order to __5__ on their way to achievements. These are the people who make things __6__.

Michael Dell said, “Don't spend so much time trying to choose the perfect opportunity, or you may __7__ the right opportunity.” There is no better time than right now to __8__ doing what you have been thinking about doing. The __9__ is to listen to your heart and let it carry you in the direction of your __10__. Just open your mind to different possibilities, different ways of __11__ a challenge, and it can provide you with many fresh __12__.

Another key point is to act upon the seized opportunity. Many of us get the right opportunity but __13__ to make use of it. This is because our __14__ are tied up with things that will give __15__ happiness. The basic tendency of human minds is to look for quick results __16__ rather than long­term satisfaction at a later stage. We should __17__ focus our efforts on vital and precious activities that will take us forward in our path of __18__.

With the ability to recognize the right opportunity, determination to __19__ work on it and sincerity to make the best use of it, making __20__ things happen is an absolute possibility.

1.A.Unless    B.Because        C.When       D.If

2.A.achieve      B.Use           C.value       D.consider

3.A.developed    B.Admired       C.knew       D.acquired

4.A.besides      B.Therefore      C.otherwise    D.instead

5.A.fight back    B.settle down    C.move ahead   D.cheer up

6.A.happen      B.Matter        C.improve      D.stop

7.A.expect       B.Miss         C.dislike        D.refuse

8.A.start         B.Admit        C.enjoy        D.practise

9.A.challenge     B.Key          C.intention     D.goal

10.A.adventures   B.Memories     C.dreams       D.studies

11.A.creating     B.Discovering   C.accepting      D.examining

12.A.wishes      B.Tastes        C.ideas         D.excuses

13.A.pretend      B.Try          C.forget        D.fail

14.A.minds       B.Characters    C.natures       D.lives

15.A.lasting       B.True        C.future        D.quick

16.A.at present    B.by chance    C.in person      D.in common

17.A.immediately  B.Constantly    C.eventually    D.normally

18.A.exploration   B.Revolution   C.freedom      D.success

19.A.quietly       B.Freely      C.honestly      D.openly

20.A.real          B.Great      C.reasonable    D.lucky

 

 

[失分题型强化练]

Ⅰ.语法填空

(2018·天津市十二重点中学联考)In human history, many ancient and splendid civilizations were born and died. China is the only country __1__ uninterrupted human civilization. Chinese civilization was born on the shores of the Yellow River. And the rich land __2__ Chinese civilization began is in Henan Province.

The Yellow River goes across __3__ (center) Henan. It is China's main north­to­south and east­to­west artery (干线). China's most ancient tribal __4__ (lead), the Yellow Emperor and the Yan Emperor, were born here. Even today, Chinese people all over the world still __5__ (proud) call themselves the descendants (后裔) of these two emperors.

The river holds __6__ unshakable position in the heart of every Chinese, __7__ (respect) by every generation and called “the Mother River”. With intelligence, hard work and determination, Chinese descendants pursue co­existence and common prosperity on this land. The 5,464­km­long Yellow River breaks the last barrier and flows into the broad plain, __8__ (form) the cradle (摇篮) of Chinese civilization.

Till now, the Yellow River __9__ (raise) 13 dynasties' capital Luoyang, 8 dynasties' capital Kaifeng and the biggest economic center in __10__ (it) area — Zhengzhou.

 

 

 

 

 

Ⅱ.短文改错

This morning, I was walking on the streets when I saw that two travelers were reading a map, looked puzzled. It seemed that they were lost. I went up and asked what I could help them. They told me they are looking for the Temple of Heaven. I led them to nearest bus stop and advised them to take Bus No. 20, who could take them there directly. They were appreciated my help greatly. Short after that, the bus came and we waved goodbye each other.

Seeing them on the bus, we felt a kind of satisfaction.

 

 

 

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