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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高二辅导 > 12.06 必修4 Unit 11 The Media 教师版

12.06 必修4 Unit 11 The Media 教师版

 

必修四Unit 11 The Media

Ⅰ.考纲单词——会拼写、要识记

 

1.chat n. 闲谈,聊天

2.political adj. 政治的

3.widespread adj. 广泛的

4.demand vt. 要求,请求

5.debt n. 债务,欠款

6.belief n. 信仰;信心;信任

7.host n.& vt. 主办(国/城市/机构);

主人;主办

8.publish vt. 出版,发行

9.evidence n. 证明,证据

10.arise vi. 发生,出现

11.blame vt. 责怪,归咎于

12.willing adj. 愿意的,乐意的

13.legal adj. 合法的,与法律有关的

14.attempt vt.&n. 尝试,试图

15.encouragement n. 鼓励

16.attitude n. 态度,看法

17.dislike vt. 不喜爱,厌恶

18.pretend vt. 假装

19.humour n. 幽默

20.harmful adj. 有害的

21.faithfully adv. 忠实地,真诚地

22.agenda n. 议程

23.committee n. 委员会

24.distinction n. 殊荣;物质;区别

25.innocent adj. 天真无邪的,单纯的;无罪的

26.visually adv. 外表上;视觉地

27.astronomer n. 天文学家

 

 

Ⅱ.派生单词——能辨别

 

1.pain n. 疼痛

 →painful adj. 令人痛苦的,引起疼痛的

2.announce vt. 宣布,宣告

 →announcement n. 公布,宣告,声明

3.delight vt. 使愉快

 n. 快乐

 →delighted adj. 高兴的,愉快的

 →delightful adj. 令人高兴的

4.analyse vt. 分析

 →analysis n. 分析

5.employ vt. 雇用

 →employer n. 雇主

 →employee n. 雇员

 →employment n. 雇用

 →unemployment n. 失业(状态)

6.argument n. 争论;理由

 →argue vi. 争论

7.respect vt. 尊敬,尊重

 →respected adj. 受人敬重的

 →respectable adj. 值得敬重的

 →respectful adj. 恭敬的,表示尊敬的

8.advertise vt. 为……做广告,登广告

 →advertisement n. 广告

 →advertiser n. 广告人

9.suit v. 适合

 →suitable adj. 合适的

10.contribution n. 贡献,捐助

 →contribute v. 贡献,捐助

11.consideration n. (作计划或决定时)必须考虑的事

 →consider vt. 考虑,打算

 →considerate adj. 考虑周全的,体贴的

12.defend vt. 保卫,防御

 →defence n. 保卫;防卫

 

 

Ⅲ.语境应用(用所给词的适当形式填空)

1.Minutes after the last movie ended yesterday at the Plaza Theater,employees(employ) were busy sweeping up popcorns and gathering coke cups.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)

2.We were respectful(respect) of craft and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)

3.He reasoned out the conclusion(conclude) according to the theory.

4.There is a general belief(believe) that things will get better.

5.Scientists analysed(analysis) samples of leaves taken from the area.

6.The argument(argue) among the two parties was blown up by the press.

7.They took up arms in defence(defend) of their country.

8.Your encouragement(encourage) made me more confident of my future.

9.The advertiser was determined to advertise the newly­designed car on the advertisement page of Hefei Evening.(advertise)

10.He takes great delight in proving others wrong.When he did it,he felt delighted.But I don't think what he does is delightful.(delight)

[拓展联想]

 

“发生”词汇集汇

①arise 发生;出现

②occur 出现;发生

③happen (偶然)发生

④come about 产生,发生

⑤take place 产生,发生

⑥break out 突然发生

“方法”家族

①way 方法,方面

②means 方法,方式

③method 方法,办法

④approach 方法,方式

⑤manner 方式,方法

 

[短语 多维应用]

Ⅰ.短语回顾——会默写

 

1.stand for 代表,支持

2.in favour of 赞同,支持

3.consist of 由……组成

4.stand out 突出,显眼

5.as long as 只要

6.be made up of 由……组成

7.be used to 习惯于

8.be linked with/to 与……相关联

9.comment on 发表意见

10.owe...to... 把……归功于……

11.go ahead with 着手干,开始做

12.participate in 参与,参加

13.help out 帮忙做事;摆脱困境

14.in detail 详细地

15.come down to 结果是

16.look forward to 盼望,希望

 

 

Ⅱ.语境应用(用上述短语的适当形式填空)

1.The audience mainly consists of young people when a pop concert takes place anywhere in the world.

2.It makes sense for us to stand for a peaceful settlement of the international dispute.

3.As long as you work hard,you'll succeed in time.

4.Four points stand out as being more important than the rest.

5.That social survey probably explains why public opinion is broadly in favour of the ban.

6.You must study the contract in detail before you sign it.

7.We encourage students to participate fully in the college.

8.Please go ahead with your story;there won't be any more interruptions.

9.We are looking forward to holding a party to celebrate New Year's Eve.

10.Jane is helping out mother by minding the baby.

11.She has been used to standing for long hours a day since she worked as a shop assistant.

12.Would you care to comment on any troublesome students in your class?

[拓展联想]

“习惯于”短语归纳

①be/get used to ②be/get accustomed to

③accustom oneself to

to构成的介词短语聚会

①get down to 着手做

②pay attention to 注意

③lead to 导致

④see to 负责;注意

⑤contribute to 有助于

⑥look forward to 盼望,希望

 

[句式 结构仿写]

教材原句——会背诵

句式仿写——能应用

1.“of+抽象名词”相当于其对应的形容词

AIDS is another problem of great concern so sex education and health care administration are extremely important.

1.对我们来说保护环境是非常重要的。

It is of great importance for us to protect the environment.

2.be likely to do...“可能会做……”

It is likely to be just the name of a company,part of which may be a general location.

2.我认为他明天很可能会赢得这场比赛。

I think he is likely to win the match tomorrow.

3.not all表示部分否定

However,not all advertising is about selling products and services for a profit.

3.并非这里所有的人都喜欢和他相处。

Not all the people here like to get along with him.

 

 

(对应学生用书第79页)

精讲7个考纲单词

 demand vt.要求,请求;需要 n.要求;需求(量),需要

[教材原句] Reforms have been demanded by people from all over the world.

全世界的人们都要求变革。

(1)be in (great) demand (迫切)需求

on demand 一经需求

meet/satisfy one's demands 满足某人的需求

(2)demand sth. of/from sb. 向某人要某物

demand of sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

demand to do sth. 要求做某事

demand that...(should) do sth. 要求……

①The manager promised that they would try to meet their customers' demands.

经理许诺他们会尽力满足顾客的需求。

②The customer demanded a reasonable explanation from/of the supermarket.

那名顾客要求超市给出一个合理的解释。

[名师点津] sth. demand doing/to be done“某物需要被……”。类似用法的词还有want,need,require等。

③The old city which has a long history demands protecting/to be protected in many ways.

这座历史悠久的老城需要从多个方面加以保护。

 链接写作 

她要求他归还向她借的书。

①She demanded that he(should) return the book he borrowed from her.(that从句)

②She demanded of him to return the book he borrowed from her.(简单句)

 blame vt.责怪,归咎于 n.过失,责备

[高考佳句] I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller's accident.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ·完形填空)我经常梦到我应当为米勒的事故负责。

(1)blame sb. for sth. 因某事而责备某人

blame sth. on sb. 把某事怪到某人头上

be to blame (for...) 应承担(……)责任;该(因……)受责备(用主动形式

表示被动意义)

(2)take the blame for... 对……负责

put/lay the blame for sth. on sb.

把某事归咎于某人身上

①I don't blame you for being angry.

我不怪你生气。

②As far as the cause of the accident is concerned,I think,it is the driver of the lorry who should take the blame.

对于事故的原因,我认为卡车司机应该负责。

[名师点津] 在be to blame (for)短语中,不定式用主动语态表示被动含义。

 链接写作 

我们不应当把孩子们的错怪罪在他们身上。

We shouldn't blame the children for the mistakes they have made.

①The children should not be to blame for the mistakes they have made.

②We shouldn't blame the mistakes the children have made on them.

 employ vt.雇用;聘请;使忙于;使从事于

[高考佳句] It's standard practice for a company like this one to employ a security officer.(山东高考·单项填空)对像这样的一个公司来说,雇用一个安全人员是常规做法。

(1)employ sb.as... 雇用某人任……

employ sb. to do sth. 雇用某人做某事

be employed in doing sth.employ oneself in doing sth.从事于某事忙于做某事;

(2)employer n. 雇主

employee n. 雇员;受雇者

employment n. 职业;工作;使用

①He has been employed in writing a new book these days.这些日子他一直忙于写一本新书。

②Graduates are finding it more and more difficult to find employment (employ).

毕业生感到找工作越来越难。

 attempt vt.&n.尝试,试图

[教材原句] But sometimes,the paparazzi go too far in their attempt to get the best photographs.

但是有的时候,狗仔队为了获得最有卖点的照片做得很过分。

(1)attempt to do sth. 试图做某事

(2)in an attempt to do sth. 为了做某事

make an attempt to do/at doing sth. 企图做某事

at the first attempt 第一次尝试

①For years researchers have attempted to show that television is dangerous to children.

多年来,研究人员试图证明,电视对孩子是很危险的。

②We made an attempt to leave (leave) for camping,but were stopped by our teacher.

我们想去野营但被我们的老师拦住了。

③He was as proud as a peacock when he passed his driving test at the first attempt.

他在第一次尝试中通过驾驶测试时得意洋洋。

 链接写作 

我试图说服她,但是徒劳无果。

①I attempted to persuade him,but in vain.(attempt v.)

②I made an attempt to persuade him,but in vain.(attempt n.)

 pretend vt.假装;装作

[教材原句] Pretending to be a repair man to get into the house of a film star and take pictures of her daily life.装扮成一个维修工人进入一个电影明星的家并偷拍她的日常生活照。

pretend(that)... 假装……to have done sth. 假装已经做了某事

①It is shameful that some men pretend to be rich on matchmaking websites in order to find a beautiful Miss Right.有些男人为了找到漂亮的另一半而在相亲网站上假装富有,这是很可耻的。

②Jacy pretended to have known (know) everything about it and said nothing.

杰西假装已了解了一切,一句话也没说。

③I had been lying to myself,pretending (pretend) that everything was fine.

我一直对自己撒谎,假装一切顺利。

 

 approach vt.&vi.接近;靠近;找……商量

n.接近;方法;途径;步骤;通道

[高考佳句] They settled in at a comfortable East Side cafe and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ·阅读理解)他们在东区一个舒适的咖啡店坐下来,不到几分钟,另一个客人就向他们的桌子走来。

(1)approach sb. on/about sth.  就某事与某人洽谈(商量、交涉)

be approaching 快到了

(2)at the approach of 在快到……的时候

make approaches to sb. 设法接近某人

approach to doing sth. 做某事的方法

①As the Qixi Festival is approaching,many shops in Jinan are selling Valentine's Day items to satisfy the needs of young lovers.随着七夕节的临近,济南许多商店出售情人节物品以满足年轻情侣的需求。

②I'm not very good at making an approach to strangers.我不善于和陌生人打交道。

③She approached the bank for a loan in order to buy a new house.

为了买一所新房子她向银行申请贷款。

 conclude vt.做出结论;结束;结束时说

[教材原句] Leeds University concluded that people made a distinction between bad language used in programmes for adults,and those meant for children.利兹大学得出结论说,人们辨别得出成人影片中的脏话和儿童影片中脏话的区别。

(1)conclude from sth. that... 从……中得出/推断出……

conclude sth. with sth. 以……结束……

to conclude 总而言之,最后

to be concluded (连载的文章)下期(次)登完

(2)conclusion n. 结论

draw a conclusion 得出结论

①To conclude,it was a great success.

总之,这是很大的成功。

②Or even more to the point,conclude your speech with “Thanks for your time.”或者更简洁恰当的是,用“谢谢你的聆听”来结束你的演讲。

③We can draw a conclusion (conclude) that protecting nature is protecting ourselves.

我们可以得出结论:保护自然就是保护我们自己。

 链接写作 

从以上讨论可以得出两个结论。

①Two conclusions can be drawn from the above discussion.

②There are two conclusions to be drawn from the above discussion.

诠释3个核心短语

 consist of由……组成;由……构成

[教材原句] Some advertisements consist of pictures or the words of experts to show people how good the products are.有些广告中含有一些图片或专家说的话,告诉人们该产品如何好。

(1)consist in=lie in 存在于……;在于……

consist with 一致;符合

(2)consistent adj. 相容的;一致的

be consistent with 和……一致/相符

(3)be composed ofbe made up of 由……组成

①The medical team made up of/consisting of/composed of five experienced doctors and ten skilled nurses will be sent to the earthquake­hit areas.

由五名有经验的医生和十名熟练的护士组成的医疗队将被派往地震灾区。

②Success consists in the ability to continue efforts through failures.

成功在于经历失败而继续努力的能力。

③The results are entirely consistent (consist) with our earlier research.

这些结果与我们早些时候的研究完全吻合。

[名师点津] consist of一般不用于进行时态和被动时态。

 链接写作 

我们的乒乓球队由十人组成,现还需要一人。(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)

①Our Table Tennis Team is made up of 10 members,another needed now.(make)

②Our Table Tennis Team is composed of 10 members,another needed now.(compose)

③Our Table Tennis Team consists of 10 members,another needed now.(consist)

 stand out突出,显眼

[教材原句] Modern advertisements must stand out in a world full of competition by combining the highest standards of design with ideas linked to the products to make them more attractive.

现代的广告必须把最高水平的设计和产品理念相结合,以增强吸引力,这样才能在激烈的竞争中胜出。

stand for 代表;象征;主张

stand by 袖手旁观;支持(某人);遵守

stand up for 为……站起来说话,拥护,维护

①We stand for a peaceful settlement of the international dispute.

我们一贯主张和平解决这一国际争端。

②As a matter of conscience,he doesn't feel that he can stand up for the president any longer.

凭良心讲,他认为他无法再支持总统了。

 as long as与……一样长,只要

[高考佳句] As long as there have been codes,people have tried to break them.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ·阅读七选五)只要有密码存在,人们就一直试图破译它们。

(1)表示“长达……之久”。

(2)表示“只要”,相当于“on condition that,provided that或者if”。

(3)表示“既然”。

①As long as there is life there is hope.

留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。

②I'll accept any job as long as I don't have to get up early.只要不早起,任何工作我都能接受。

③As long as we have driven that far,we might as well go on.

既然我们已经驶得这么远了,不妨继续前行。

突破2个高考句型

 (教材P22)AIDS is another problem of great concern so sex education and health care administration are extremely important.

艾滋病是另一个深受关注的问题,所以性教育和保健管理非常重要。

句中of great concern是“of+n.”结构,表示“深受关注的”。“of+n.”结构在句中常作表语、定语或宾语补足语,说明事物的性质或状态,通常用在正式场合或书面语中,其用法如下:

(1)of(+great,no,little,some,much)+抽象名词(value,importance,use,help,interest,significance,benefit,necessity等)

(2)of(+different,the same,similar)+分类名词(kind,type,sort,shape,size,colour,length,depth,width,weight,height,age,date等)

(3)of(+good,bad,nice,fine,serious,high等)+性质名词(quality,character,characteristics,feature等)

①Mr Johnson,a great stamp collector,has owned stamps of many different kinds and sizes.

约翰逊先生,一位了不起的邮票收藏家,手里有许多不同种类和尺寸的邮票。

②The economics of national growth are of the greatest importance (important) to all modern governments.

国民经济增长的情况对所有现代政府至关重要。

③New Zealand grape wine is of high quality and is sold all over the world.

新西兰葡萄酒质量好,畅销全世界。

 (教材P26)However,not all advertising is about selling products and services for a profit.

然而,并非所有的广告都是为了谋求利润而推销商品和提供服务的。

句中not all...(=all...not)为部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。

(1)英语中的不定代词all,both,each,every,everybody,everything和形容词或副词often,usually,complete,completely,always,whole,wholly,entirely,altogether等具有总括意义的词与否定词not连用时,构成部分否定,表示“不都,并非都”的意思。

(2)全部否定:英语中的不定代词no,none,nobody,nothing,neither,no one和否定副词或短语never,nowhere,no more,no longer等与肯定式谓语动词一起使用构成全部否定。

①Our English teacher is excellent,but she can't help everyone in the class in 45 minutes.

我们的英语老师非常优秀,但她不可能在45分钟内帮助班里的每一个人。

②None of the books are(be) useful to us for the moment.这些书暂时对我们都没用。

③Neither of them is(be) used to living in this city,so they go back to their hometown.

他们俩都不习惯在这所城市生活,所以他们回家乡了。

 链接写作(每空一词) 

①All the people present didn't agree with you.

 →Not all the people present agreed with you.(改为部分否定)

②Both of you haven't passed the exam.

 →Neither of you has passed the exam.(改为全部否定)

听力专练:

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

1. What does the woman advise the man to do?

A. Change his topic.

B. Finish his topic.

C. Learn more about the topic.

2. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a cinema.      B. In a shop.      C. In a college.

3. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Mother and son.      B. Teacher and student.      C.Classmates.

4. Where does the man work?

A. In a shoe store.      B. In a factory.      C. In a film company.

5. Why is the man disappointed?

A. The concert has been cancelled.

B. The concert was disappointing.

C. It is raining heavily.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6~8题。

6. When does the conversation probably take place?

A. In the morning.      B. In the afternoon.      C. In the evening.

7. What is Ann doing?

A. Planting a tree.      B. Playing with her cat.      C. Looking for her father.

8. How many people are there in the woman’s family?

A. Five.      B. Four.      C. Three.

听第7段材料,回答第9~11题。

9. When does the conversation take place?

A. On Saturday.      B. On Sunday.      C. On Friday.

10. Where will the man meet the girl?

A. At the girl’s house.

B. At the gate of the zoo.

C. At the gate of the school.

11. Why will the man pick up the girl?

A. She is too young.

B. She is new to the city.

C. She lives near his home.

听第8段材料,回答第12~14题。

12. What is the man going to do with his friends?

A. Prepare for a test the next day.

B. Hold a big birthday party for Sara.

C. Have dinner and see a movie.

13. What’s the matter with the woman?

A. She doesn’t feel well.      B. She is very ill.      C. She doesn’t sleep well.

14. When will the movie start?

A. At 6:00.      B. At 6:30.      C. At 7:30.

听第9段材料,回答第15~17题。

15. What are they talking about?

A. The woman’s new furniture.

B. The woman’s new office.

C. The woman’s new job.

16. Which magazine does the woman have on her desk?

A. New York Times.      B. New Times.      C. Times.

17. What does the woman offer to do?

A. Give the man a magazine.

B. Lend the man her computer.

C. Make the man a cup of coffee.

听第10段材料,回答第18~20题。

18. How old was Mr Green?

A. 28.          B. 48.          C. 82.

19. How did the robber flee?

A. By car.      B. By bike.      C. By taxi.

20. How did the police recognize the robber?

A. By the picture drawn by Mr Green.

B. By the clothes he was wearing.

C. By his voice.

 

听力(每空1.5分,共30分):1-20 ACBBA  CBBAC  BCACB  BCCBA

 

 

周背诵:

随着媒体的发展,广告在我们的日常生活中非常普遍,很多同学很容易被广告影响,盲目购买厂家通过大量广告所宣传的商品,甚至上当受骗。就“广告”这一主题为你的校报写一篇短文,让同学们对广告有清楚的了解。内容包括:

1.做广告的真实目的;2.如何避免被广告误导。

【话题模板】

Nowadays with the development of modern media,we are often exposed to all kinds of advertisements every day.We students are easily influenced by them.Some of us will even be taken in by them.

As we all know,advertisements are the best way in which companies can advertise their products or service in front of people.The purpose of advertising is to increase sales of products.So the companies will try every possible means to persuade consumers to buy them.

When we see an advertisement,we should do some research so as to have a thorough knowledge of it.More importantly,we should never buy a product that is of no use to us just because the advertisement claims it can make us healthier or prettier.

If we take a correct attitude towards advertising,we can avoid being taken in.

 

 

 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Come to meet our stars! The world­famous Ringling Bros. Circus is building up the excitement one hour before the show begins. At the All Access Pre­Show children of all ages are invited to join our performers on the show floor. It's your chance to be right in the middle of the circus action. You can learn circus skills and get signatures from extraordinary circus stars, try on a traditional ringmaster jacket and be part of our dance party!

Gypsy Gomes comes from Argentina where she was taught her circus skills as a child. She will leave your head spinning as she controls up to 80 hula hoops (呼啦圈) while balancing on a huge mirror ball. Having many hoops thrown in her direction all at once is just one of her many talents.

Emily Ryan gives thrilling performances in her German Wheel. Her beauty and courage go hand in hand with her broad talents and tricks.

With the most elegant touch, Emma Avery bravely steps out into thin air on a silver thread of wire, showing her skills not only of balance but of beautifully performed talents.

The sixth generation Swiss circus artist, Rosita Gasser performs a unique and very modern display on the Roman Rings with skill, balance and style. Her strength and control during the performance has come from being a single, double flying trapeze (空中飞人) from the young age of eight and a lifetime in the circus.

To take advantage of this once­in­a­lifetime experience, just visit ringlingbros. expapp. com from your iPhone or Android smartphone, provide your name, email and phone number to see the exciting experiences that are waiting for you!

语篇解读:本文是一篇马戏团的演出广告,介绍了该团中著名表演者的表演项目和演出特色,最后给出了订票方式。

21.What can a child do at the All Access Pre­Show?

A.Record the performance.

B.Swap signatures with the circus stars.

C.Try on a traditional ringmaster jacket.

D.Take some photos with the circus stars.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句中的“try on a traditional ringmaster jacket and be part of our dance party”可知,观众可以试穿马戏团表演指挥的夹克,故C项正确。

22.Where did Gypsy pick up her circus skills?

A.In Argentina.       B.In Germany.

C.In Switzerland.   D.In Rome.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第二段的第一句“Gypsy Gomes comes from Argentina where she was taught her circus skills as a child”可知,Gypsy Gomes小时候在Argentina学习了马戏表演技能,故A项正确。

23.Who was born in a circus family?

A.Gypsy Gomes.   B.Emily Ryan.

C.Emma Avery.   D.Rosita Gasser.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第五段的第一句“The sixth generation Swiss circus artist, Rosita Gasser performs a unique and very modern display on the Roman Rings with skill, balance and style”可知,Rosita Gasser是瑞士马戏艺术世家的第六代传人,故D项正确。

24.What is the main purpose of writing this text?

A.To attract people to the circus show.

B.To invite children to the dance party.

C.To inform readers of ways to register.

D.To introduce readers some circus stars.

解析:选A 写作目的题。根据第一段的第一句“Come to meet our stars”和最后一段并结合文章内容可知,本文是一篇马戏团的演出广告,介绍了该团中著名表演者的表演项目和演出特色,并给出了订票方式。据此可以判断,本文旨在吸引人们去观看马戏表演,故A项正确。

B

Two weeks ago, a 7­year­old girl, Chloe Bridgewater wrote a letter to Google, expressing her interest in working for the tech company when she gets older. “Dear Google boss, my name is Chloe and when I am bigger I would like a job with Google,” she wrote. “I also want to work in a chocolate factory and do swimming in the Olympics.” The student said she liked computers and had a tablet she played games on. She even showed off a robot game that her dad gave her.

It wasn't long before Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google, replied with his own letter on Google website. In a letter dated Feb. 3, Pichai wrote, “Dear Chloe, I'm glad that you like computers and robots, and hope that you will continue to learn about technology. I think if you keep working hard and follow your dreams, you can accomplish everything you set your mind to. I look forward to receiving your job application when you are finished with school!”

Her father, Andy Bridgewater told ABC News he was completely shocked that his daughter received a reply. But he wasn't surprised that she decided to write the letter in the first place. “She's got determination. She doesn't see the barriers that we face every day,” he explained. “If she wants to do it, she will set out to do it and nothing will stop her.”

The father remarked that his daughter began jumping up and down after receiving the letter. Still, he's not in a rush to send his eldest daughter off to work. “Now, my daughter is confident, although she hasn't yet fully understood that it will take more efforts than finishing her study to make it with Google,” he said.

语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。七岁女孩Chloe Bridgewater给谷歌CEO Sundar Pichai写信,没想到却收到了Sundar的回信。

25.Chloe's letter to Pichai shows us that she ________.

A.expects to be one of the Google members

B.has a talent for making robots

C.makes up her mind to study hard

D.buries herself in computer games

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句中的“when I am bigger I would like a job with Google”可知,她写信给谷歌CEO是希望长大后能在谷歌工作,故A项正确。

26.We can know from the text that ________.

A.the girl wrote the letter to Pichai on February 3

B.there are two children in Bridgewater's family

C.Andy didn't expect a reply from Pichai at all

D.Google is sure to hire Chloe after her graduation

解析:选C 推理判断题。根据第三段的第一句“Her father, Andy Bridgewater told ABC News he was completely shocked that his daughter received a reply”可知,Andy对于他的女儿能收到回信很惊讶,据此可推知,Andy根本没有指望会收到谷歌CEO的回信,故C项正确。

27.What is the main idea of the text?

A.A 7­year­old girl gets a job with Google.

B.CEO of Google responds to a girl's letter.

C.A father forbids his girl to work for Google.

D.Google decides to employ its youngest clerk.

解析:选B 主旨大意题。本文主要讲述七岁女孩Chloe Bridgewater给谷歌CEO写信,希望长大后在谷歌公司工作,没想到谷歌CEO给她回了信,鼓励她努力学习,实现梦想。故选B项。

C

Illegally traded endangered species that escape, forming secondary populations, offer hope to their long­term survival, a study suggests. “This first came to my attention when I read a news story about the seizure of an illegalshipment of 23 yellow­crested cockatoos,” said Luke Gibson, a college teacher. He learned that the species was critically endangered, which surprised him.

This encouraged Dr. Gibson and his colleague to investigate (调查) how a critically endangered species had become self­sustaining outside of its natural range. They discovered 49 cases of a globally threatened species becoming established as a separate population, including the yellow­crested cockatoo in their city.

“This is a species which is primarily threatened by wildlife trade,” he told BBC News. “Poachers (偷猎者) go out into the forest in its native range in eastern Indonesia and capture the birds and then ship them off, usually up to our city where there is a strong demand for pet birds. This is what has fueled the decline of this species in its native range. But it's really interesting because that same cause also had another effect: some of the people who were keeping this species here accidentally or intentionally released them.” As a result of enough of the birds being set free, it allowed a new self­sustaining population to be established in this city.

The government of Dr. Gibson's city has made it illegal to capture the species, even though it is a non­native species. Because the city is affluent and relatively well educated, the cases of people breaking the law are extremely rare, explained Dr. Gibson. Unlike in its native range in Indonesia where capturing birds forms a major source of income.

However, there can be downsides (缺点) to the newly established population of endangered species, such as a limited genetic pool, and suffering from novel diseases. It did also present a possible “very interesting” opportunity for conservationists, Dr. Gibson suggested. This would involve “harvesting” some of the newly established secondary population, which may provide a way to help slow global biodiversity loss.

语篇解读:本文为新闻报道,涉及野生动物保护话题。濒临灭绝的小葵花凤头鹦鹉遭非法交易,但幸运地被饲养这一物种的一些人释放,因此得以生存繁衍,形成次生种群,这也为自然环境保护主义者提供了一种缓解生物多样性丧失的途径。

28.What was beyond Gibson's expectations according to the first paragraph?

A.The high rate of wildlife trade.

B.The preciousness of the birds.

C.The fact that the birds nearly disappear.

D.The news that the birds were poached.

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“He learned that the species was critically endangered, which surprised him”可知,Gibson博士因获知小葵花凤头鹦鹉是严重濒危物种而感到惊讶。

29.What happened unexpectedly when the birds were shipped abroad?

A.They formed a separate population.

B.They were kept as pet birds.

C.They were traded illegally.

D.They were killed for research.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“But it's really interesting because that same cause also had another effect: some of the people who were keeping this species here accidentally or intentionally released them ... a new self­sustaining ...”可知,这些海运过来的鹦鹉被一些养鸟人释放了,最终使得它们形成一个新的自给自足的独立的群体,故选A。

30.Which can replace the underlined word “affluent”in Para. 4?

A.Peace­loving.   B.Rich.

C.Free.   D.Environment­friendly.

解析:选B 词义猜测题。根据画线词后的“and relatively well educated, the cases of people breaking the law are extremely rare”及“Unlike in its native range in Indonesia where capturing birds forms a major source of income”可知,画线词意为“富裕的”。故选B。

31.For what purpose did the author write the passage?

A.To appeal to everyone to stop the wildlife trade.

B.To explain the challenge the wild birds are facing.

C.To introduce a creative approach to wildlife conservation.

D.To raise people's awareness of protecting endangered species.

解析:选C 写作意图题。根据文章内容尤其是第一段的“Illegally traded endangered species that escape, forming secondary populations, offer hope to their long­term survival, a study suggests”及最后一段的“It did also present a possible ‘very interesting’ opportunity for conservationists ... which may provide a way to help slow global biodiversity loss”可知,濒临灭绝的小葵花凤头鹦鹉由于社会环境的干预,形成了次生种群,而这可能会为保护野生动物提供一种创造性的方法。

D

(2018·湖南省十三校重点中学联考)“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”-Albert Einstein

If you have a kid with special needs in the school system, chances are you have come across that saying hanging on a classroom wall. My five­year­old daughter Syona has cerebral palsy (a medical condition affecting someone's control over their movement) and it means, combined with her communication challenges and sight problems, that standard assessments (and by “standard”, I mean the ones used to assess kids with special needs) aren't always an accurate measure of her abilities.

By now you have probably heard about Chris Ulmer, the 26­year­old teacher in Jacksonville, Florida, who starts his special education class by calling up each student individually to give them much admiration and a high­five (a gesture of greeting or congratulation). I couldn't help but be reminded of Syona's teacher and how she supports each kid in a very similar way. Ulmer recently shared a video of his teaching experience. “I have seen their confidence and self­worth increase rapidly, ” he said. All I could think was: How lucky these students are to have such inspirational teachers.

Syona's teacher has an attitude that can best be summarized in one word: awesome. Her teacher doesn't focus on what can't be done-she focuses on what can be done. Over the past several months, my husband Dilip and I have seen Syona's confidence increase tenfold. She uses words she wouldn't have thought of using before. She recently told me about her classmate's trip to Ecuador and was very proud when I understood her on the first try.

I actually wonder what the influence would be if we did something similar to what Ulmer does with his students in our home. We've recently started our day by reminding each other of the good qualities we all possess. If we are reminded of our strengths on a regular basis, we will become increasingly confident about progress and success.

Ulmer's reach as a teacher goes far beyond the walls of his classroom. In fact, he teaches all of us to take a moment and truly appreciate the strengths of an important person in our lives.

语篇解读:作者介绍了自己有病的女儿在她的老师的教育下越来越好,再联想到自己,产生了一些人生感悟。

32.What does the author think of Einstein's quote?

A.Funny.   B.True.

C.Strange.   D.Confusing.

解析:选B 推理判断题 。通过作者对自己女儿的学习经历的描述可知,作者是认同这句名言的。

33.What can we learn about Chris Ulmer?

A.He praises his students one by one.

B.He is Syona's favorite teacher.

C.He use videos to teach his students.

D.He asks his students to help each other.

解析:选A 细节理解题。根据文章第二段第一句话可知选项A正确。

34.Syona felt very pleased because________.

A.she has developed a cool attitude

B.her progress was appreciated by her parents

C.her mother knew what she expressed

D.she had been to Ecuador with her classmate

解析:选C 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第三段“She recently told me about her classmate's trip to Ecuador and was very proud when I understood her on the first try.”可知选项C正确。

35.What change has taken place in the author's family?

A.They invite Ulmer's students to their home.

B.They visit Ulmer's classroom regularly.

C.They feel grateful to people in their lives.

D.They give each other praise every day.

解析:选D 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段“We've recently started our day by reminding each other of the good qualities we all possess.”可知选项D正确。

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

How to Make a Chinese Hot Pot

Eating a Chinese hot pot is a very common experience. People gather around the pot, dipping their food, waiting for it to cook, mixing their own seasonings (调味品) and enjoying each other's company. __36__.

Firstly, prepare a large pot of soup. There is no right or wrong way to prepare a soup, so feel free to make your own. A simple soup can be made by boiling water with the addition of meat bones or fish heads and a mixture of herbs, seasonings and vegetables.

Then, cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices. __37__. Choose any food that you enjoy. Some common choices for a Chinese hot pot include thin pieces of beef, pork, lamb and so on. You can make your hot pot using the more traditional method of using the meats and seafood that are local to you. Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables. __38__. Mushrooms of all kinds are also common to Chinese hot pot preparations.

__39__. At home, a single hot pot would work well up to 8 people depending on the size of the pot. Make sure everyone is sitting in a circle and has easy access to everything on the table. Prepare a separate small dish for each guest to mix their seasonings. __40__!

A.Finally, arrange the seating reasonably

B.Now comes the turn to enjoy your hot pot

C.It will guarantee that the items will cook quickly and fully

D.Here are some easy steps to make a Chinese hot pot at home

E.For more variety, consider dumplings, rice cakes and tangyuan

F.Popular choices include: cabbage, pea leaves, winter melon and tomato

G.It usually lasts a couple of hours because you are cooking and eating in small parts

 

36.解析:选D 根据该空位置并结合本文标题“How to Make a Chinese Hot Pot”可知,空处承上启下,引出下文对如何做火锅的叙述,故D项与此处匹配。

37.解析:选C 根据前一句中的“cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices”可知,要将各种肉和鱼切成薄片,据此可以判断,这样就能保证食物能很快煮熟,故C项正确。

38.解析:选F 根据前一句“Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables”可知,同时要选择、清洗并准备一些蔬菜,据此可以判断,空处列举常见的用于火锅的蔬菜,故F项正确。

39.解析:选A 根据空处所在位置可知,空处为该段主题句;根据第二、三段第一句中的“Firstly”、“Then”并结合该段内容可知,该段介绍做火锅的最后一步:合理安排好座位,故A项正确。

40.解析:选B 根据空处所在的位置并结合语境可知,在火锅的各种准备工作完毕后,就应该开始享受了,故B项正确。

 

 

 

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

(2018·南昌调研)Whenever we're introduced to strangers, we make decisions about them according to our first impressions. For most Brits, simply asking someone how much they earn is __41__ as impolite behavior. However, it is __42__ that people admire those who show off their __43__.

This is a __44__ trend. I've felt the warm glow (喜悦) of knowing I earned __45__ than somebody, and the grey __46__ of knowing that I earned less than another.

It seems as though self­worth is increasingly being __47__ the careers we choose and the money we earn. We need to stop __48__ so much value on what people earn and what they do. Don't get me wrong — keeping ambitious is not a(n) __49__, and achievements should always be __50__ instead of being underestimated (低估). But when a person uses their success to judge you __51__, it becomes a problem.

We need to stop thinking that somebody is worth admiring if they're rich but __52__ other people's benefits on their way to success. We need to __53__ that being an honest and fair person is not a sign of weakness but a positive and __54__ personality.

Here's a(n) __55__ if you want to know what you're really worth: It has __56__ to do with your bank account. It's __57__ about how many times you've been there for your friends and how many times you've been kind to a __58__. It's every time you do something __59__ or treat someone with respect no matter __60__ they are in their own life.

 

语篇解读:本文是一篇议论文。作者在文中阐述的是自我价值源于内在的品质,与金钱无关。

41.A.considered       B.qualified

C.appointed   D.recommended

解析:选A 根据文化背景知识可知,此处表示对大多数英国人而言,直接开口询问某人的薪资被认为(considered)是不礼貌的行为。qualify“使具备资格”;appoint“任命”;recommend“推荐”。

42.A.tentative   B.common

C.reasonable   D.rare

解析:选B 联系上下文并根据句中的“However”可知,此处表示然而,人们羡慕那些炫耀自己财富(wealth)的人是很常见的(common)现象。tentative“不确定的”;reasonable“有道理的”。

43.A.talent   B.knowledge

C.wealth   D.reputation

解析:选C 参见上题解析。talent“天赋”;knowledge“知识”;reputation“名望” 。

44.A.puzzling   B.worrying

C.shocking   D.disappointing

解析:选B 根据第三段的“We need to stop thinking that somebody is worth admiring ...”可推知,作者对于人们有这样的价值观是表示担忧的。worrying“令人担忧的”,符合语境。puzzling“令人困惑的”;shocking“令人震惊的”;disappointing“令人失望的”。

45.A.more   B.less

C.further   D.faster

解析:选A 根据上文的“warm glow (喜悦)”和下文的“earned less than another”可知,此处表示作者了解到自己比别人赚得多时内心是喜悦的,而知道自己比别人赚得少时心里会感到悲伤(sadness)。空处与下文的“less”形成对比。

46.A.excitement   B.embarrassment

C.amazement   D.sadness

解析:选D 参见上题解析。空处与上文的“glow(喜悦)”形成对比。excitement“兴奋”;embarrassment“尴尬”;amazement“惊奇”。

47.A.tied to   B.adjusted to

C.admitted to   D.tailored to

解析:选A 自我价值似乎越来越多地和我们选择的职业及我们所赚的钱紧密相关。be tied to ... “与……紧密相关”,故选A。be tailored to“依据……定制”。

48.A.spending   B.placing

C.lessening   D.supporting

解析:选B 此处表示我们需要停止把人们所挣的(钱)和他们的工作看得如此重要。place/put value on ...“重视,认为……重要”。lessen“减轻”。

49.A.advantage   B.success

C.fault   D.failure

解析:选C 根据上下文语境,尤其是后文的“instead of being underestimated (低估)”可知,此处表示有抱负不是一个错误(fault),且成就不应该总是被低估而是应该被赞赏(appreciated)。advantage“优势”。

50.A.reported   B.doubted

C.declared   D.appreciated

解析:选D 参见上题解析。

51.A.occasionally   B.traditionally

C.partially   D.properly

解析:选C 根据语境可知,此处表示但是当一个人用其成功来片面地(partially)评价你时,它就成了一个问题。occasionally“偶尔”;traditionally“传统地”;properly“恰当地”。

52.A.sacrifice   B.value

C.preserve   D.limit

解析:选A 如果某人很富有但却在通往成功的路上牺牲(sacrifice)他人的利益,那么我们就不要再认为他值得钦佩了。value“重视”;preserve“维护”;limit“限制”。

53.A.indicate   B.realize

C.prove   D.caution

解析:选B 我们要意识到(realize)做一个正派的人不意味着懦弱,而是象征着一种乐观、坚强的(strong)品质。此处与上文的“stop thinking”相呼应。indicate“显示”;caution“告诫,警告”。

54.A.creative   B.elegant

C.primary   D.strong

解析:选D 参见上题解析。此处与positive并列,与weakness相对。creative“有创造性的”;elegant“优雅的”;primary“主要的”。

55.A.aim   B.tip

C.warning   D.example

解析:选B 如果你想知道你真正的价值所在,这儿有一条建议(tip):它与你的银行账户没有任何关系。

56.A.something   B.everything

C.anything   D.nothing

解析:选D 参见上题解析。have nothing to do with ...是固定短语,表示“与……无关”。所以用nothing。

57.A.just   B.even

C.also   D.still

解析:选A 上文提到“它与你的银行账户没有任何关系”,故此处指“它只是(just)跟……有关”。

58.A.relative   B.stranger

C.workmate   D.child

解析:选B 根据上文中的“how many times you've been there for your friends”可知,前面说到对朋友随叫随到,这里应该说对陌生人(stranger)友好。

59.A.surprising   B.important

C.selfless   D.necessary

解析:选C 此处承接上文,仍是在描述人的美好品质,故selfless“无私的”符合语境。

60.A.how   B.where

C.what   D.when

解析:选B 此处表示无论一个人在生活中处于何种阶段你都应该尊重他。no matter where在此引导让步状语从句。

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

Can knots (结) be a form of art?  It is in China. They have a long history and a   __61__   (culture) meaning even today.

A Chinese knot is   __62__   is woven  (编)  from a single length of rope to be a variety of shapes. Each shape has __63__  (it) own meaning, and Chinese knots are usually woven in the red color, which indicates good fortune.

Originally, people may have made them  __64__  (record) information and convey messages before they started to  write.It is known that they  __65__   (intend) for artistic decoration and to express thoughts and feelings in the Tang Dynasty.The Tang Empire was a large one that covered most of the  __66__  (region) of modern China, and succeeding generations carried on  __67__  traditional art form as part of their culture.

Now, some people use knots when they dress  __68__  traditional Chinese clothing. They are a means of   __69__ (fasten) traditional clothes instead of buttons.And silk is most  __70__  (wide) used to make these clothing knots.

 

61.cultural 考查词性转换。它们有悠久的历史,甚至今天也有文化意义。根据空前的“a”和空后的“meaning”可知,此处应用形容词作定语来修饰后面的名词。

62.what 考查表语从句。中国结是用一段绳子编成的东西,有各种各样的形状。分析句子结构可知,空处在此引导表语从句,且在从句中作主语,表示“……的东西”,故用what。

63.its 考查代词。每个形状都有它自己的意义。分析句子结构可知,此处应用形容词性物主代词,故填its。

64.to record 考查非谓语动词。起初,人们可能制作它们以记录信息和传递消息。这里是目的状语,应用动词不定式,故填to record。

65.were intended 考查时态和语态。众所周知,在唐朝,它们被用于艺术装饰,被用来表达想法和情感。此处描述的是唐朝的情况,应用一般过去时;又they(指中国结)与intend之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态。故填were intended。

66.regions 考查名词的数。唐朝疆域很大,覆盖着现在中国的大部分区域。根据空前的“most of”及region是可数名词可知,此处应用名词复数形式。

67.the 考查冠词。此处特指上文提到的中国结这种传统艺术形式,故填定冠词the。

68.in 考查介词。dress in ...“穿……衣服”,为固定搭配。

69.fastening 考查非谓语动词。它们是一种固定传统服装的方式。空处位于介词of之后,故应用动名词形式作宾语。

70.widely 考查词性转换。分析句子结构可知,空处修饰used,表示“广泛地,普遍地”,因此应用副词widely。

 

Ⅰ.写作规范增分练

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Susan's family was terrible poor. One Christmas Eve, Susan's father saw that Susan had used piece of gold wrapping paper to decorate a shoe­box, where was so precious to their family, and she put it under the Christmas tree. The next morning, Susan takes the box to her dad and said, “This is for you, Dad!” But if he opened it, he found it was empty. “Why do you give me an empty boxes? Don't you know the gold wrapping paper is such expensive to us?” Her dad said angrily. Susan cried, said, “Dad, it isn't empty. I blew kisses into it until it was all full.” Hearing of this, the dad felt regretful, he held Susan in his arms but said, “Sorry, my dear, I love you!”

答案:第一句:terrible→terribly第二句:piece前加a; where→which第三句:takes→took

第四句:if→when第五句:boxes→box; such→so

第六句:said前加and或said→saying第七句:去掉of; but→and

 

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

(2018·日照模拟)

假如你是在英国学习的交换生李华,住在同学Peter家里。你上周网购的联想(Lenovo)笔记本电脑将于本周日到货,但你因陪同父母到伦敦游览不能按时返回取货,请你给Peter写一封电子邮件,让他帮忙代收并验货。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考范文:

Dear Peter,

I think I need your help. Last Friday I placed an order for a laptop on line, and it is estimated to arrive to your address this Sunday. But you know I'm out with my parents, and we are going for a trip to London this weekend. So I'm writing to let you know that it's not convenient for me to go back to receive the laptop at home. Can you do me the favor, please?

It's a Lenovo laptop made in China. Please give it a careful checkup and make sure the package is well preserved and the machine operates well. Don't hesitate to contact the seller if you find any damage. Thank you very much.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

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