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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高二辅导 > Unit 10 Money 学生版

Unit 10 Money 学生版

        Unit 10 Money   学生版         

     [单词 拼写应用]



1.technique n. 技术,技巧

2.fluently adv. 流利地

3.defeat vt. 战胜,击败

4.earn vt. 挣得,赚得

5.wallet n. 皮夹子,钱包

6.enjoyable adj. 使人快乐的

7.hardworking adj. 勤奋的

8.businessman n. 商人,实业家

9.rude adj. 粗鲁的,无礼的

10.balance n. 平衡

11.remove vt. 移开,挪走

12.behave vi. 举止,表现

13.replace vt. 代替;取代

14.dormitory n. 宿舍,寝室

15.bargain n.&vi. 讨价还价;便宜货

16.aggressive adj. 好斗的;有进取心的

17.groceries n. 食品杂货

18.approximately adv. 近似地,大约地 n. 摄影,摄影术

20.automatic adj. 自动的





1.motivate vt. 使有动机,促使,激发

 →motivation n. 动力,诱因

 →motivated adj. 有动机的,有积极性的

2.achievement n. 成就,完成

 →achieve vt. 达到;完成

3.vary v. 不同,变化,变更

 →variety n. 多样化,多样性

 →various adj. 各种各样的

4.determine vt. 确定,决定

 →determined adj. 坚决的,有决心的

 →determination n. 决心,果断

5.concern vt. 使忧虑;与……相关

 →concerned adj. 担心的,涉及的

 →concerning prep. 关于

6.please v. 使满意,使高兴

 →pleasing adj. 令人高兴的

 →pleased adj. 高兴的,满意的

 →pleasure n. 令人高兴的事

7.aware adj. 知道的,意识到的

 →awareness n. 知道,认识,了解

8.product n. 产品;出品

 →produce vt. 生产

 →production n. 生产;成果;作品

9.enthusiastic adj. 很感兴趣的,热情的

 →enthusiasm n. 热情;热忱;兴奋

10.ashamed adj. 羞耻的,惭愧的

 →shame v. 使感到羞愧

 →shameful adj. 可耻的;丢脸的

11.amusement n. 乐趣,娱乐活动

 →amuse vt. 逗乐;逗笑;娱乐;消遣

 →amusing adj. 有趣的,逗乐的

 →amused adj. 愉快的,开心的;好玩的

12.puzzle vt. 使困惑

  n. 谜,疑问

 →puzzled adj. 困惑的

 →puzzling adj. 使迷惑的

13.advance vi. 前进;取得进展

 →advanced adj. 先进的,高级的

14.practical adj. 实用的;实践的

 →practice n. 实践;练习;惯例,习俗

15.electricity n. 电;电学

 →electrical adj. 与电有关的,用电的

 →electric adj. 电的,用电的;发电的




1.My fund­raising focus also gave me new motivation(motivate) to exercise regularly.(2017·天津高考)

2.She hoped to spread her message of hope and awareness(aware).(2017·北京高考)

3.By the 1920s,wolves had practically(practice) disappeared from the Yellowstone area.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)

4.Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement(achieve).

5.According to some philosophers,everything in existence(exist) is reasonable.

6.We grow a variety(various) of crops,including cabbages,wheat and potatoes.

7.It is universally believed that only reform can serve to raise the production(product) level.

8.She couldn't restrain her annoyance(annoy) at the attitude of the applicant.

9.The puzzle has puzzled so many puzzled students in the university,which is really puzzling.(puzzle)

10.He is a determined person and once he determines to do something,he will never change.(determine)



①achieve 完成;实现 ②realize  实现

③fulfil 完成,履行 ④accomplish 完成,实现

⑤come true 实现 ⑥bring about 实现;导致


①appealing 有吸引力的

②attractive 吸引人的

③charming 迷人的

④absorbing 吸引人的

⑤fascinating 吸引人的

⑥eye­catching 引人注目的


[短语 多维应用]



1.put off 推迟 present 目前,现在

3.out of work 失业

4.give away 赠送;泄露(秘密)

5.drop out 退出,退学

6.make/earn a living 谋生 determined to do sth. 决心做某事

8.dream up 凭空想出,虚构出

9.take turns 轮流 concerned about 对……关心,挂念

11.turn one's back on 不理睬;拒绝 tired of... 厌倦了……

13.appeal to... 吸引……;呼吁

14.a variety of 各种各样的

15.what's more 而且,此外 associated with 将……与……联系起来




1.Because of the rain, the football match has been put off.

2.He no longer wished to be associated with the party's policy on education.

3.The millionaire has given away most of his money to the poor and now he isn't a millionaire.

4.The police appealed to the crowd to keep calm and the problem was being solved.

5.The club is getting smaller with years passing by as most members have moved away or dropped out.

6.You may be tired with reading,but you should not be tired of it.

7.You should forget the past and start a new living at present.

8.He turned his back on his friends when he became famous.

9.He learns quickly,and what's more,he remembers all what he has learnt.

10.The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.


[句式 结构仿写]




There are certainly no signs that Charles was a rich man!

1.宁泽涛在喀山夺得金牌的消息迅速传开。The news that Ning Zetao won a gold medal in Kazan spread quickly.

2.if so省略句

If so,it is time for you to think again.


You should study hard;if so ,you can pass the exam.

3.How come?询问原因或表示怀疑、惊讶

How come?

3.你怎么没有邀请他参加晚会!他是你未来的老板。How come you didn't invite him to the party!He is your future boss.




 various adj.各种各样的;不同的;多样化的

[高考佳句] They discussed various matters all over the world.(2017·浙江高考)他们讨论世界各地的各种事务。

(1)vary vt.&vi. 改变;变更;变化;不同

vary with... 随着……而变化

vary 在……和……之间变化

(2)a variety of=varieties of 种种,各种各样的,各种不同的

the variety of ……的品种

①That sort of thing varies from person to person in African countries.


[名师点津] (1)a variety of/varieties of后接可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式;

(2)the variety of后接可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

②The variety of foods at the restaurant is(be) limited,but the amount of each dish is fairly large.




①(普通表达)There are all kinds of paper­cutting forms in China.

②(高级表达)There are a variety of/varieties of paper­cutting forms in China.

 determine vt.确定,决定;使下定决心

[教材原句] A lot of people are determined to become a millionaire.


(1)determine on/upon (doing) sth.


determine to do sth. 决定做某事(表示动作)

(2)determined adj. 坚决的;有决心的

be determined to do sth. 决心做某事(表示状态)

(3)determination n. 决心

①I have determined on/upon going to the countryside after graduation.


②Though Tom was stubborn,they determined to persuade (persuade) him to travel together.


③Yuri shows great determination (determine) to become a lawyer in future.


[名师点津] 高考中常把determined to do sth.作状语的用法作为考查点,有类似用法的还有lost in,caught in,absorbed in等。

 concern vt.使忧虑;与……相关


[高考佳句] Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料).(2016·全国卷Ⅱ·阅读七选五)


(1)concern oneself about/for 担忧/关心……

(2)show/express concern about/for 对……表示关心

(3)concerned adj. 担心的;有关的

be concerned about/for 关心;挂念

be concerned with 与……有关;涉及

be concerned that... 关心……

as/so far concerned 就……而言

(4)concerning prep. 关于;就……而言

①Some people in Guangzhou are concerned that parking costs will rise further and even make them unable to afford a car.一些广州人担心停车成本将进一步上升,甚至会让他们负担不起一辆车。

②As far as I'm concerned,it's wise not to spend much time playing with smartphones.就我个人而言,不花太多的时间玩智能手机是明智的。

[名师点津] 形容词concerned作前置定语时,意为“关心的,挂念的,担心的”;作后置定语时,意为“相关的;有关的”。例如:a concerned look“关切的神情”;the authorities concerned“有关当局”。



①Your advice about this matter is of great importance for me.

②Your advice concerning this matter is of great importance for me.

③Your advice in terms of this matter is of great importance for me.

 appeal vi.吸引,引起兴趣;呼吁;恳求;上诉;申诉


[教材原句] Well,if buying a bag of candies or cookies doesn't appeal to you,how about buying a tree instead?你如果对买一袋糖果或甜点不感兴趣,那(用这钱)买一棵树怎么样?

(1)appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

appeal to sb. for sth. 呼吁/恳求某人某事

appeal for sth. 呼吁某事;请求给予某物

appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁某人做某事

(2)make an appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁或请求

make an appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁/恳求某人做某事

①The government is appealing for more money to help people suffering from the flood in the southeast.政府呼吁人们捐赠更多的钱以帮助东南部地区遭受洪灾的人们。

②We made an appeal to the villagers for money to build the bridge.为建造这座桥,我们呼吁村民捐款。

 behave vt.&vi.举动;(举止或行为)表现

[高考佳句] People believing in freedom are those who behave within the laws and value systems.(2015·江苏高考·阅读理解)


(1)behave well/badly to/towards sb. 对待某人好/差

behave oneself 守规矩;表现得体

(2)well­behaved 表现好的

badly­behaved 表现差的

(3)behaviour n. 举止;行为

mind one's behaviour 注意某人的举止

①The child behaved well to/towards other guests at the party.


②If parents do not teach their child how to behave himself (he),he will do anything at will.


③...ants have been astonishingly successful,largely due to their wonderful social behaviour (behave).


 advance n.进步,进展 v.前进;发展

[经典例句] Recent advances in genetics have raised moral questions.(朗文辞典)


(1)advance on/towards sb./sth. 向某人/物前进

(2)in advance 预先;事先;预付

in advance of 在……前头

make an advance/advances 取得进步

①Only those who had booked in advance were allowed in.只有那些预先订票的人可以进去。

②He came well in advance of the rest of the group.


③Science has made great advances in the last fifty years.在过去50年里科学进步很快。

[名师点津] advance本身已有“向前”的意思,因此不必再用forward。

 replace vt.代替,取代;把……放回原处;替换

[教材原句] Well,it's a disk to replace our textbook.哦,这是一张可替代我们课本的光碟。

(1)replace sth. with/by sth. 用某物替换某物

(2)take one's placetake the place of sb. 代替某人

①Store shopping will never be replaced by online shopping,but it can exist along with it.商店购物永远不会被网络购物所取代,但是它可以与之并存。

②It is reported that Germany has now replaced China as the biggest surplus country in the world.


③It would be difficult to find a man to take the place of the present manager.找一个人代替现任经理很难。



 give away赠送,捐赠;泄露(秘密);颁发

[一词多义] 写出下列句中give away的含义

①She gave away state secrets to the enemy.泄露

②The mayor gave away the prizes at the school sports day.颁发

③Before the world­famous scientist was dying,he decided to give away all his prizes to the charity.捐赠

give off 放出(气味、热、光)

give out 分发,分配;发表;散发;精疲力竭,用尽

give way to 撤退;让步,让路;让……优先

give in 屈服,让步

④The news of the president's death was given out in a radio broadcast.


⑤At this climate conference our government gave in,in order to protect the benefits of other developing countries.在气候大会上,为保护其他发展中国家的利益,我国政府作出了让步。

 drop out退出,退学

[教材原句] Charles Gray decided to drop out and has discovered that having only a little money makes you free.查尔斯·格雷决定退出,他发现仅有少量的钱财可以使人自由。


drop out of 从……中退出

drop behind 落后

drop back 退后;落在后面

drop by/in/round 顺便访问

drop in on sb./at a place 顺便拜访某人/某地

drop off 下降;让某人下车;放下

drop sb. a line 给某人写信


①Teenagers who drop out of middle school usually have trouble finding jobs.


②The Smiths dropped in on some old friends on their vacation trip to New York.


③They dropped off blankets,candles,and tools,and began sticking around to chat.




 (教材P8)There are certainly no signs that Charles was a rich man!






①We heard the news that our team had won.


②This is our only request that this problem (should) be settled(settle) as soon as possible.


③The question whether it is right or wrong depends on the result.这个问题是对还是错要看结果。

④I have no idea when he will come back.




①(普通表达)I don't know which of the two trips is better and the problem makes me puzzled.

②(高级表达)The problem which of the two trips is better makes me puzzled.

 (教材P12)If so,it is time for you to think again.如果这样的话,你需要再考虑一下了。

if so“如果是这样的话”,是if引导的条件状语从句的省略形式,表示肯定意义;如果表示否定意义,则用if not。


if any 如果有的话

if ever 如果曾经有的话

if possible 如果有可能的话

①Is it going to rain?If not,we'll go hiking.


②There are few people nowadays,if any,who remember him.现在很少有人能记起他。

③He is ready to help others,seldom,if ever,refusing them when they turn to him.


④If possible,try and go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.如果有可能的话,尝试每天都在同一时间睡觉和起床。









请根据Lesson 1的课文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A lot of people are determined to become a millionaire.They hope to do all the 1.      (enjoy) things once they get rich.2.      (actual),some millionaires continue to be concerned

3.      money,so they are hardworking 4.       (make) sure they never lose it.5.      ,there are some people who don't want to be a millionaire.Charles Gray was a millionaire a few years ago,but he was tired of 6      (be) a person who had everything in a world

7.       many people had nothing.So he gave all his money away to charities.Charles now lives in a small dormitory room where there is only second­hand furniture.8.       he has given away all his money,he lives a 9.       (happy) life than before.When 10.       (ask) whether there were any things he missed,he replied he wouldn't go back to being rich for anything.



第一节 每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What’s wrong with the man?

A. He is overweight.          B. He is suffering from cancer.      C. He has heart attack.

2. Why does the woman want to go to Qingdao?

A. It’s cheaper.              B. She has seen it on TV.           C. It’s more beautiful.

3. What do we know about Lin Fang mother?

A. She likes to make friends.   B. She’s good at cooking.          C. She is kind and honest.

4. What day is it today?

A. Monday.                B. Thursday.                      C. Friday.

5. What was the weather like yesterday?

A. Sunny .                 B. Cloudy.                       C. Rainy.




6. Why was the man late?

 A. He didn’t catch the bus on time.

 B. He couldn’t remember the woman’s house address.

 C. The woman didn’t tell him her exact address.

7. When did the conversation take place?

 A. In the afternoon.          B. In the morning.                 C. In the evening.


8. What does the woman want to do?

A. Check her account.         B. Open a loan account.            C. Open a saving account.

9. What does the man ask the woman to do at first?

A. Fill in a form.            B. Hand in a copy of her ID.        C. Give her bank card to him.


10. Why did Paul move out of the neighborhood?

A. It’s not clean.          B. It’s very noisy.         C. It’s too far away from his university.

11. What is the rent of a month in Paul’s old neighborhood?

A. 500 yuan.             B. 1000 yuan.           C. 1500 yuan.

12. What might the man do next?

A. Call Paul.             B. Move in with Paul.     C. Visit Paul’s new apartment.


13. How is the man feeling?

 A. Quite well.           B. Terrible.              C. A little sick.

14. What’s the weather like in the city?

 A. It’s cloudy.           B. It’s cold.              C. It often changes.

15. What do we know about the woman?

 A. She has been in the city for four years.            B. She often gets ill.

 C. She likes the weather.

16. Why does the man refuse to call the weather hotline?

 A. The service is bad.      B. It is too expensive.     C. It is of no use.


17. What is the talk mainly about?

A. How J.K.Rowling become a famous writer.

B. How J.K.Rowling created the character of Harry Potter.

C. How J.K.Rowling become famous.

18. What happened to J.K.Rowling before she started writing Harry Potter?

 A. She had a train accident.        B. She was rejected by many companies.

 C. Her husband left her.

19. Why did J.K.Rowling decided to write her first novel?

 A. To support her family.          B. To start a new life.     C. To make her daughter happy.

20. When was the novel Harry Potter first published?

 A. In 1990.                    B. In 1996.              C. In 1997.




Reporters start the journalistic process by 61. ________ (gather) information. Without them, journalism 62. ________ its truest form cannot take place. They have an idea about what sources — the people and places 63. ________ have information — will be available to them and which are 64. ________ best to use. This idea comes from experience and training.

Good reporters try to develop 65. ________ (profession) knowledge to track down information and assess that information.  Not  only  66. ________   they curious, determined and honest in dealing with others around them, but they have developed a “nose for news”— a sense of 67. ________  might  develop  into  a  good story. They are able to sense when someone is lying or shading the 68. ________ (true) or when the events they experience 69. ________ (simple) do not make sense.

Good reporters recognize they may have points of view about the information or people they deal with, but they try their best 70. ________ (set) those biases (偏见) aside. Because they understand that gathering accurate information before anyone else and presenting it is their chief goal.








注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last Friday, we went to Beijing Survival Island to go on an outing, that left us with a deep impression.

Early in the morning, we gathered the school gate and the school bus takes us there. In the way, we talked and laughed, full of excitement. Upon arrive, we were attracted by various activities and got involved immediate. One of the boys managed to make it with the encouragement of her classmates. I was interested in making cakes. I was being taught to make my first cake on my own! At lunchtime, we sat around, enjoying the delicious food. Everyone had the good time.

We really enjoyed our stay there. Before we left, we had a photo taken to record the unforgettable days.


第二节语法填空 (共10小题;每题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Dear Annie,

      I feel 51       (betray) by my friend Hannah. We have been friends since primary school.  On Monday, we had a surprise maths test. I said loudly how easy it was and how I was sure to get a good grade. But in fact I did really 52       (terrible) in the test. I begged Hannah not to tell anyone about my grade and she said she would keep the secret. However, the next day, I noticed my 53        (classmate) staring at me and it seemed that everyone was laughing 54       my back. I blamed her and can’t forgive her. Now I 55       (lose) my best friend. What shall I do?

Dear Annie,

Last week, we had 56       important match against another school. I was determined to win,  57       Mathew was playing badly. He could not keep pace with the game,and we lost because of his careless playing. Afterwards, I got really 58        (anger) with him and told him he was not trying hard enough. He also accused me of some really bad things to hurt me. Since we argued, he hasn’t spoken to me even 59       we sit next to each other. It’s really awkward. Should I find another friend or apologize to avoid 60       (lose)a good friend?






One evening last fall, Marcos Ugarte was doing his homework in his room. His father, Eduardo, a __1__, was busy with his work. Then they heard someone yelling __2__. Eduardo, 47, and Marcos, 15, found the yelling was from one of their neighbors' homes, the Ma family. “I didn't think there was something __3__,” Eduardo said. He headed back inside to prepare lesson plans, __4__ Marcos' eye was caught by something from Ma's house. “Dad, the house is __5__!” Marcos cried. Then the barefoot teen __6__ to Ma's home with his dad.

Grandmother Yim Ma, mother Suzanne Ma, and son Nathan Ma were in the front yard, yelling for __7__. When the Ugartes got there, they saw through the open front door that father Alex Ma was running down from the stairs, __8__.

“Is __9__ in the house?” Eduardo asked.

“My son!” Alex __10__ to say, pointing to the second floor.

Eduardo ran up the stairs, but thick smoke and great heat __11__ him to his knees. He crawled (爬行) upstairs where Alex said he'd find Cody, eight, who had __12__ himself in a bedroom. “I'd never seen __13__ like that,” said Eduardo. “My glasses __14__ turned black.” Eduardo hit his body on the bedroom door, but Cody didn't __15__. Eduardo made his way back downstairs. At the same time, Marcos saw Yim and Suzanne took a __16__ out of the garage. Cody was __17__ at the window. Marcos seized it, positioned it near the __18__, climbed toward the boy and got Cody out.

The day after the fire, Alex __19__ Marcos. “Thank you for saving my son,” Alex said. “You are his __20__ forever.”

1.A.journalist      B.Teacher        C.writer

2.A.outside           B.Upstairs       C.Again        D.instead

3.A.attractive         B.Common      C.puzzling       D.wrong

4.A.or               B.For           C.but 

5.A.under repair sight        C.on sale        D.on fire

6.A.waved           B.Pointed        C.rushed         D.rode          B.Help          C.advice          D.freedom

8.A.coughing        B.Singing        C.thinking         D.smiling

9.A.everyone        B.Anyone        C.he    

10.A.managed       B.Decided        C.continued        D.stopped

11.A.guided         B.Pulled         C.forced           D.pressed

12.A.hidden         B.Caught        C.enjoyed          D.locked

13.A.behaviour      B.Silence         C.smoke          D.damage

14.A.frequently      B.Finally        C.usually           D.immediately

15.A.struggle        B.Respond       C.agree            D.appear

16.A.ladder         B.Chair   

17.A.playing        B.Walking        C.screaming        D.hesitating

18.A.tree           B.Garage         C.door             D.window

19.A.visited         B.Encouraged    C.recognized         D.missed

20.A.leader         B.Hero          C.friend   



Sending gifts varies greatly from country to country.In Australia, Canada, the United States __1__ European countries, sending gifts is rarely expected.While seen as a nice gesture, it is more important to avoid __2__ (give) highly personal gifts such as clothing.When visiting the home of a colleague from one of these __3__ (country), it is normally appropriate to bring a gift to the hostess.

In America, __4__ (expense) gifts are definitely out.A good __5__ (choose) is to take the deserving person to dinner, or to __6__ entertainment or a sporting event.__7__ the contrary, gift giving is a traditional custom in Japan.In Japan the proper gift is thought __8__ (express) the giver's true friendship, gratitude and respect far __9__ (well)  than words can.So if you plan to visit Japan or to have any Japanese visit you here, be prepared.

Australia is known for its friendliness and informality.So modest gifts, such as a diary, a paperweight, or a coffee cup might __10__ (present) to a friend.At a trade show, T­shirts, ties, baseball caps, or a pin may be appropriate souvenirs.Anything more than these types of gifts could cause embarrassment.



On Sunday morning, I got up as usual, only find my breakfast on the table. I knew that my parents have left home and would be back by noon. With two hours is passing quickly, my parents had not come back yet and I began to feel boring. At that time, it occurred to me that I could get the lunch ready so that before coming home Mom need not do it. Such excited was I at this idea that I made up mind to work immediately. At 11 o'clock, my parents got home, amazed at a meal I had cooked. Feeling happy but proud, I thought I would do more houseworks from then on.



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