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英语一对一培训淮南高考高分作文整齐和谐的并列句

英语一对一培训淮南高考高分作文整齐和谐的并列句

并列句是用连词或分号把两个或两个以上的简单句连接而成的句子,在这一句型中需要注意连接并列主语时,有些句型采取“就近原则”。

一、常见并列句的类型及并列连词

 

类型 连词

并列关系

(递进关系) and, both ... and ..., not only ... but (also) ..., neither ... nor ...

转折关系 but, yet, whereas

选择关系 or, otherwise, or else, either ... or ..., not ... but ...

因果关系 for, so, therefore, thus

对比关系 while

英语一对一培训,高考高分作文整齐和谐的并列句,淮南英语一对一培训

①I plan to go for an outing, and I would like to invite you to participate.(2017·浙江高考应用文写作)

我计划去郊游,想邀请你参加。

②I know you are very interested in ping­pong, so I really hope you can join our school team.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ书面表达)

我知道你对乒乓球很感兴趣,所以我真的希望你能加入我们学校的球队。

③As middle school students, we’re not familiar with foreign cultures, while Chinese culture isn’t fit to appear in an English newspaper.(2014·上海高考满分作文)

作为中学生,我们不熟悉外国文化,而中国的文化也不适合出现在英语报刊中。

[即时演练] 用适当的并列连词填空

1.(2015·陕西高考书面表达)First, my English is very good and I’m open­minded and warm­hearted, so I’m getting along well with everyone.

2.Some choose to avoid them while others decide to deal with them.

3.She herself lived a simple or rather poor life but she was so generous to the people in need of help.

4.You’d better take an umbrella, for it is going to rain.
英语一对一培训,高考高分作文整齐和谐的并列句,淮南英语一对一培训

二、并列句的常用句型

1.both ...and ...“既……又……”

On the Internet, people can seek information about their favorite stars and buy tickets at a discount as well, which is both time­saving and economical.(2017·江苏高考书面表达)

在互联网上,人们可以搜索他们最喜欢的明星的信息,也可以打折买票,既省时又省钱。

2.either ...or ...“或者……或者……;不是……就是……”

People can either give them as gifts or hang them in their houses.

人们可以把它们当做礼物送出去,或者挂在自己的房间里。

3.neither ...nor ...“既不……也不……”

In autumn, it’s neither too hot nor too cold.(2014·天津高考满分作文)

秋天,天气既不太热也不太冷。

4.not only ...but (also) ...“不仅……而且……”

I would really like to interview him because he is not only the first Chinese to go to space but also one of the greatest astronauts in the world.(2015·安徽高考书面表达)

我真的想采访他因为他不仅是第一位进入太空的中国人,而且还是世界上最伟大的宇航员之一。

5.not ...but ...“不是……,而是……”

In my opinion, the son refuses to communicate with his mother not because he has no time but because he’s unwilling to.

在我看来,儿子拒绝与他的母亲交流不是因为他没时间而是因为他不愿意。

6....while/whereas “……然而,……却”

Some of the studies show positive results, whereas others do not.

有一些研究结果令人满意,然而其他的则不然。

7.祈使句/名词词组+and/or/otherwise+陈述句
英语一对一培训,高考高分作文整齐和谐的并列句,淮南英语一对一培训

(1)祈使句+and+陈述句(祈使句相当于一个条件状语从句,and后面的句子相当于一个表示结果的主句)

Keep it in mind and gradually we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it.(2013·四川高考满分作文)

记住它,我们就能逐渐地养成这个好的学习习惯并从中获益。

(2)名词词组+and+陈述句(名词词组相当于一个条件状语从句,其中常含有more, another, further等词)

It is really very dangerous. One more step, and the baby will fall into the well.

真危险。再多迈一步,这个小孩就会掉进井里。

(3)祈使句+or/or else/otherwise+陈述句

Study hard, or/or else/otherwise you will fail in your exams.

努力学习,否则你会考试不及格的。

(4)名词词组+or/or else/otherwise+陈述句

More healthy food, or you’ll break down sooner or later.

多吃健康食品,不然你的身体迟早会垮掉。

8....when ...“……这时……”

(1)sb. was doing sth. when ...“某人正在做某事,这时……”

We were having a meeting when someone broke in.

我们正在开会,这时有人闯了进来。

(2)sb. was about to do sth. when ...“某人正要做某事,这时……”

I was about to give up when my father came and encouraged me to keep going.(2014·福建高考满分作文)

我正要放弃,这时我父亲走过来并鼓励我坚持下去。

(3)sb. had just done sth. when ...“某人刚做完某事,这时……”

I had just finished sweeping the floor when the telephone rang.

我刚刚拖完地,这时电话铃响了。

[即时演练] 用并列句补全句子

1.他刚要走就有人敲门。

He was on the point of leaving when_someone_knocked_at_the_door. 

2.你不但要和他们分享你的学习经验,而且一定要向他们敞开心扉。 

Not_only_should_you_share_your_study_experience_with them, but_(also) you must keep your heart open to them.

3.是你所说的话而不是你所做的事使你的同学感到生气。

It_is_not_what_you_had_done_but_what_you_had_said that annoyed your classmates.

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