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一对一英语辅导秘题之高考英语之冠词 代词提分技巧

一对一英语辅导秘题之高考英语之冠词 代词提分技巧

冠词和代词是高考英语必考的语法知识点。高考对冠词的考查重点主要是定冠词,不定冠词,零冠词的灵活运用。在语法填空和短文改错中考查频率较多。代词主要考查人称代词,物主代词,反身代词的用法。具体看近年高考试卷。

一对一英语辅导,高考英语之冠词代词,高考英语提分技巧

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)Instead, she is earning £6,500 a day as ________ model in New York.

【答案】a 此处表示“作为一名模特”,应用不定冠词a。

2.(2017·浙江6月)For Pahlsson, its return was ________ wonder.

【答案】a 此处泛指“一个奇迹”,应用不定冠词a。

3.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using  ________  every day.

【答案】it 此处指代前面的the railway,故用it。

4.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that while one is being bottle­fed, ________  other is with mum—she never suspects.

【答案】the one...the other...“一个……另一个……”,为固定用法。

5.(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for  ________  while, exercising, or doing something you enjoy.

【答案】a for a while“一会儿”,为固定短语。

6.(2017·浙江卷6月)“She thought I had hurt  ________ (I),”says Pahlsson.

【答案】myself 根据句意可知,此处表示“她以为我伤到我自己了”,应用I的反身代词,故填myself。

7.(2016·浙江卷)In many ways, the education system in the US is not very different from  ________ in the UK.

【答案】that 这里指代前面的不可数名词education system,为避免重复,所以用that。

8.(2016·四川卷)By that time,the panda no longer needed ________(it) mother for food.

【答案】its 此处用形容词性物主代词its修饰mother。
一对一英语辅导,高考英语之冠词代词,高考英语提分技巧

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)In the summer holiday following my eighteenth birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was.________

【答案】first前加the或my 由于序数词first前应该用定冠词the或者用限定词进行修饰,故first前加the或my。

2.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day.________

【答案】hour前a→an/one hour是以元音音素开头的单词,前面要用不定冠词an。表示“一个小时”可以用an hour也可以用one hour。所以hour前a改为an/one。

3.(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)If we stay at home, it is comfortable and there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world.________

【答案】world前加the 冠词漏用。world是独一无二的事物,前面要加定冠词the。

4.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in the short period of time.________

【答案】the→a 考查冠词错用。in a short period of time“在短时间内”为固定搭配,故the改为a。 

5.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Mr. and Mrs.Zhang all work in our school.They live far from the school, and it takes them about an hour and a half to go to work every day.________

【答案】all→both或去掉all 词法错误。Mr. and Mrs. Zhang是两个人,故用both。因both在此作同位语,也可以去掉。all指的是三者或三者以上。故将all改为both或去掉all。

6.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)Around me in the picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments.________

【答案】they→that/which 句法错误。things是先行词,后面是定语从句,从句中缺少主语,故引导词用that或which。故将they改为that/which。

7.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)At first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself.________

【答案】yourself→myself 句意:起初,我认为我什么都知道,可以自己拿主意。根据主语I可知,应用myself。故将yourself改为myself。

8.(2015·浙江卷)Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them.________

【答案】them→it 此处代词them指代前面的park,应是单数,所以用it。故them改为it。

9.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)When I look at this picture of myself...Around me in picture are the things that were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments.________

【答案】第二个picture前加the/this 此处特指前句中提到过的picture,所以加the或this。

10.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by myself.________

【答案】去掉the at first起初;一开始,为固定短语。

11.(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.________ 

【答案】many→much 此处应用代词much指代much money,作动词cost的宾语;many通常指代可数名词复数。

以上有一对一英语辅导名师宫灿灿解析高考秘题之高考英语之冠词、代词提分技巧

一对一英语辅导,高考英语之冠词代词,高考英语提分技巧

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