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淮南高一英语补习班哪个好解析高一英语话题与语篇

淮南高一英语补习班哪个好解析高一英语话题与语篇

二、话题与语篇

[考题示例]         (2016·全国卷Ⅲ阅读B)

[1]On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take a couple of New York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Side cafe and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table.

[2]“Hey, aren't you from Mississippi?” the elegant, white­haired writer remembered being asked by the stranger. “I'm from Mississippi too.”

[3]Without a second thought, the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair.

[4]“They began telling me all the news of Mississippi,” Welty said. “I didn't know what my New York friends were thinking. ”

[5]Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine. By the time the group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. Welty's new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back downtown toward her hotel, her big­city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their Big Apple dinner into a Mississippi state reunion (团聚).

[6]“My friend said:‘Now we believe your stories,’” Welty added. “And I said: ‘Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.’”

[7]Sitting on a sofa in her room, Welty, a slim figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this explanation.

[8]“I don't make them up,” she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years. “I don't have to.”

[9]Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty's people come from afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment (片断) of a particularly interesting story.

25.What happened when Welty was with her friends at the cafe?

A.Two strangers joined her.

B.Her childhood friends came in.

C.A heavy rain ruined the dinner.

D.Some people held a party there.

26.The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty's ________.

A.readers       B.parties

C.friends D.stories

27.What can we learn about the characters in Welty's fiction?

A.They live in big cities.

B.They are mostly women.

C.They come from real life.

D.They are pleasure seekers.

[策略指导] 

(一)这样读文

第1步:宏观把握文章大意

分层

抓关键句

概括层意

行文结构

第1~4段

第3段

有位陌生的女士和她的同伴加入了Welty的聚会。

故事背景、经过(人物、时间、地点)。

第5段

第5段划波浪线部分

Welty的聚会在雨夜中结束。

故事的结局。

第6~9段

第6段划波浪线部分和第8段

Welty的作品中的人物均来源于现实生活。

从故事得出结论:Welty的作品中的人物不是虚构的。

 

淮南高一英语补习班哪个好,高一英语话题与语篇

(二)这样做题

[名师解题]

25.细节理解题。选A 根据第三段“... the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair.”可知,除了那位陌生的女士,要跟她一起吃饭的人也加入到了Welty的饭局中。故A项正确;B、D两项为无中生有;C项为曲解文意。

26.代词指代题。选D 联系本段“My friend said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’” Welty added. “And I said: ‘Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.’”可知,朋友们相信Eudora Welty的故事是真实的,正是在现实生活中从这些陌生的人口中得到的信息才让她写出这些故事。故D项正确;A、B、C三项均为无中生有。

27.推理判断题。选C 根据最后一段第一句话可知她故事中的角色都是取材于生活中各个阶层的人,都来源于真实的生活,故C项为合理地推断;A、B、D三项为无中生有。

[阅读理解系列技法1] 借助关键句、段进行推理判断

此类试题的解答需要对较多信息进行阅读和推理,因此,解题时应认真阅读试题题干,回到原文找到与题目有逻辑关系的关键句或关键段,并借助其进行推理判断,看与哪一个备选项的内容在意义与逻辑上吻合。例如上文中第27题,根据“‘I don't make them up,’ she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years.‘I don't have to.’”; “Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty's people come from ...”和“Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment (片段) of a particularly interesting story.”这些信息,可推断出C项正确。

(三)这样积累

1.approach v.      靠近;接近

n.  途径;方法;接近

2.elegant adj.  优雅的;雅致的

3.white­haired adj.  满头白发的

4.slim adj.  苗条的

5.figure n.  图形;数字;外形

v.  认为;演算

6.character n.  个性;品质;字符;人物

7.annoy v.  困扰

8.particularly adv.  尤其;特别

9.a couple of  一对;几个

10.settle in  坐定;安顿下来

11.show up  露面,出现

12.be amazed at  对……感到惊奇

13.make up  整理;化妆;弥补;和解;编造

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