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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高一辅导 > 淮南高一英语网络辅导解析高一重点词汇、短语、句式

淮南高一英语网络辅导解析高一重点词汇、短语、句式

淮南高一英语网络辅导解析高一重点词汇、短语、句式

[自主练通词汇]

1.complain  vi.抱怨;投诉

单句语法填空/补全句子

①He who makes constant complaint (complain) gets little compassion.

②A number of customers make complaints about the lack of parking facilities.

③他向我抱怨伙食不佳。

He complained_to_me_about the food.

④现在,我写此信意在投诉贵宾馆的服务。

I am now writing to make_a_complaint_against/about the service of your hotel.

2.stress n.压力

单句语法填空/补全句子

①Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress.

②Believe it or not, it is a stressful (stress) time for all of us.

③我完全赞同苏珊的观点:对于一个好的礼物,我们应当重视送礼者的心意而不是它的价格。

I support Susan's opinion completely that as for a good gift, we ought to lay_stress_on the giver's heart rather than its price.

④我们原谅了他脾气不好,因为我们知道他儿子的病使他承受了很大的压力。

We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son's illness had_put_him_under_great_stress.

3.suffer  vi.感到疼痛,遭受(痛苦)

(1)单句语法填空

①It is hard to imagine the pain and suffering (suffer) they went through during the winter months.

②He has suffered from the lung cancer for many years.

③The sufferer (suffer) has decided to give up smoking.

(2)用现在分词短语作状语连接练习②、③

④Having_suffered_from_the_lung_cancer_for_many_years,_the_sufferer_has_decided_to_give_up_smoking.

[点拨] (1)suffer vt.“遭受;蒙受”,后常接pain, loss, defeat, poverty, hunger, punishment, hardship, damage等名词作宾语。

(2)suffer vi.后常接from,表示“受……折磨;受……之苦;患某种疾病”。

[词汇过关练]

Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.I can't stand people complaining (complain) around me when I'm working. 

2.A lot of people often forget that oral exams are designed to_test (test) our communicative ability.

3.The old man is said to have gone through varieties of sufferings (suffer) during the war.

4.All his workmates suppose him to_be (be) an expert in this field.

5.Nothing is more stressful (stress) than going on a business trip with our boss.

6.My dad prefers me not to_swim (swim) in that river because it's too dangerous.

7.It doesn't matter to me what you do and how you do it.

8.If you have a complaint (complain) about your holiday, please inform us in writing.

9.He played the violin, and he stood out from all the other musicians.

Ⅱ.单句改错

1.Is the global warming the matter of life and death to mankind?第二个the→a

2.Supposed you've made some progress, you should not be proud.

Supposed→Suppose/Supposing

3.Mrs. Jones complains the doctor that her back always hurts.complains后加to

4.It is true that we may suffer from failure from time to time.去掉第一个from

5.Many children prefer to playing games on the computer rather than play outside.

playing→play

6.I don't know whether they did it by accident or on design.on→by/design→purpose

Ⅲ.单句写作(句型转换/一句多译)

1.I will support you for ever whenever it is.

①I will stand by you for ever whenever it is.

②I will be in support of you for ever whenever it is.

2.The school being built at present is said to be intended for the disabled children.

→The school being built at present is said to be designed for the disabled children.

3.If it rains tomorrow, we'll put off the sports meet till next week.

→Suppose/Supposing it rains tomorrow, we'll put off the sports meet till next week.

4.比起乘公共汽车,他更愿意步行回家。

①He_prefers_to_walk_home_rather_than_take_a_bus.(prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.)

②He_prefers_walking_home_to_taking_a_bus.(prefer doing sth. to doing sth.)

③He_would_walk_home_rather_than_take_a_bus.(would do sth. rather than do sth.)

④He_would_rather_walk_home_than_take_a_bus.(would rather do sth. than do sth.)

5.他强调了接受良好教育的重要性。

①He stressed_the_importance_of a good education.(stress v.)

②He laid/placed/put_stress_on_the_importance_of a good education.(stress n.)

6.重要的是它是否来自你的内心。

①It_matters_whether it comes from your inner heart. (it) 

②What_matters_is_whether it comes from your inner heart.(what)

[第二板块 短语、句式突破] 

1.go off(铃、爆竹等)响;爆炸;离开;(食物等)变质;变差;不再喜欢

 [教材原句] I normally wake up about five minutes before my alarm clock goes off.

我一般在闹钟响前大约5分钟醒来。

[一词多义] 写出句中go off的含义

①I've gone off tea. Please give me some coffee.不再喜欢

②The bomb was set to go off in three hours.爆炸

③Meat goes off quickly in the hot weather.(食物等)变质

④The guard loosened the dogs when the burglar alarm went off.(铃)响

go against     反对,违背;不利于

go ahead  开始;进行

go over  复习;检查

go through    浏览;经历;仔细检查;穿过

⑤They were always ready to go_through fire and water for their motherland.

他们随时准备为祖国赴汤蹈火。

⑥We should go_over the language points once again before the test.

我们应该在考试前把知识点再复习一遍。

2.take up拿起;接受;开始从事;继续;占用(时间);占据(空间)

[教材原句] Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day.

会议、电话不断,占据了白天的大部分时间。

[一词多义] 写出句中take up的含义

①You should  take up my suggestion and start saving money.接受

②She took up the receiver and began to dial the number.拿起

③Important people don't often have much free time as their work takes up all their time.占用(时间)

④Let me sum up last lesson; after that we'll take up a new lesson.继续

⑤After he retired from office, my father took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest.开始从事

take in         吸收;收留;欺骗;领会

take on  雇用;承担(工作、责任);呈现

take over  接管

take ... for granted  认为……理所当然

⑥Technology is here to help us, but we should not allow it to take_over our lives.

技术是用来帮助我们的,但我们不应让它来接管我们的生活。

⑦The chameleon can take_on the colours of its background.

变色龙可以变成周围环境的颜色。

3.at the moment此刻,目前;那时

[教材原句] At the moment I'm studying medicine at a university.

现在我正在一所大学学习医学。

at any moment     随时,马上

for the moment  目前,暂时

for a moment  一会儿

in a moment  马上,过一会儿(常用于将来时)

the moment (that)  一……就……

①This house is big enough for_the_moment,_but we'll have to move if we have children.

这房子现在还够大,但是如果有了孩子,我们还得搬家。

②They would just drop in on us for a chat at_any_moment.

他们随时都会来我们这儿聊天。

③I found myself in an entirely new world the_moment I arrived in Beijing.

我一到北京就感到耳目一新。

4.Usually, it's so crowded that I can't find anywhere to sit.

通常地铁很拥挤,以至于我找不到坐的地方。

 (1)句中包含了so ...that ...固定结构,意为“如此……以至于……”,so后跟形容词或副词,在句中引导结果状语从句。其结构如下:

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