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淮南英语培训: 淮南英语培训机构 > 高中辅导 > 高三辅导 > 淮南英语怎么说解析高考英语高三英语一轮复习资料

淮南英语怎么说解析高考英语高三英语一轮复习资料

淮南英语怎么说解析高考英语高三英语一轮复习资料

必修四高三英语一轮复习资料20  

 

Unit 11 The Media   教师版

[单词 拼写应用]

Ⅰ.考纲单词——会拼写、要识记

 

1.chat n. 闲谈,聊天

2.political adj. 政治的

3.widespread adj. 广泛的

4.demand vt. 要求,请求

5.debt n. 债务,欠款

6.belief n. 信仰;信心;信任

7.host n.& vt. 主办(国/城市/机构);

主人;主办

8.publish vt. 出版,发行

9.evidence n. 证明,证据

10.arise vi. 发生,出现

11.blame vt. 责怪,归咎于

12.willing adj. 愿意的,乐意的

13.legal adj. 合法的,与法律有关的

14.attempt vt.&n. 尝试,试图

15.encouragement n. 鼓励

16.attitude n. 态度,看法

17.dislike vt. 不喜爱,厌恶

18.pretend vt. 假装

19.humour n. 幽默

20.harmful adj. 有害的

21.faithfully adv. 忠实地,真诚地

22.agenda n. 议程

23.committee n. 委员会

24.distinction n. 殊荣;物质;区别

25.innocent adj. 天真无邪的,单纯的;无罪的

26.visually adv. 外表上;视觉地

27.astronomer n. 天文学家

 

 

Ⅱ.派生单词——能辨别

 

1.pain n. 疼痛

 →painful adj. 令人痛苦的,引起疼痛的

2.announce vt. 宣布,宣告

 →announcement n. 公布,宣告,声明

3.delight vt. 使愉快 

 n. 快乐

 →delighted adj. 高兴的,愉快的

 →delightful adj. 令人高兴的

4.analyse vt. 分析

 →analysis n. 分析

5.employ vt. 雇用

 →employer n. 雇主

 →employee n. 雇员

 →employment n. 雇用

 →unemployment n. 失业(状态)

6.argument n. 争论;理由

 →argue vi. 争论

7.respect vt. 尊敬,尊重

 →respected adj. 受人敬重的

 →respectable adj. 值得敬重的

 →respectful adj. 恭敬的,表示尊敬的

8.advertise vt. 为……做广告,登广告

 →advertisement n. 广告

 →advertiser n. 广告人

9.suit v. 适合

 →suitable adj. 合适的

10.contribution n. 贡献,捐助

 →contribute v. 贡献,捐助

11.consideration n. (作计划或决定时)必须考虑的事

 →consider vt. 考虑,打算

 →considerate adj. 考虑周全的,体贴的

12.defend vt. 保卫,防御

 →defence n. 保卫;防卫

 

 

 

Ⅲ.语境应用(用所给词的适当形式填空)

1.Minutes after the last movie ended yesterday at the Plaza Theater,employees(employ) were busy sweeping up popcorns and gathering coke cups.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)

2.We were respectful(respect) of craft and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)

3.He reasoned out the conclusion(conclude) according to the theory.

4.There is a general belief(believe) that things will get better.

5.Scientists analysed(analysis) samples of leaves taken from the area.

6.The argument(argue) among the two parties was blown up by the press.

7.They took up arms in defence(defend) of their country.

8.Your encouragement(encourage) made me more confident of my future.

9.The advertiser was determined to advertise the newly­designed car on the advertisement page of Hefei Evening.(advertise)

10.He takes great delight in proving others wrong.When he did it,he felt delighted.But I don't think what he does is delightful.(delight)

 

[拓展联想]

 

“发生”词汇集汇

①arise 发生;出现

②occur 出现;发生

③happen (偶然)发生

④come about 产生,发生

⑤take place 产生,发生

⑥break out 突然发生

“方法”家族

①way 方法,方面

②means 方法,方式

③method 方法,办法

④approach 方法,方式

⑤manner 方式,方法

 

[短语 多维应用]

Ⅰ.短语回顾——会默写

 

1.stand for 代表,支持

2.in favour of 赞同,支持

3.consist of 由……组成

4.stand out 突出,显眼

5.as long as 只要

6.be made up of 由……组成

7.be used to 习惯于

8.be linked with/to 与……相关联

9.comment on 发表意见

10.owe...to... 把……归功于……

11.go ahead with 着手干,开始做

12.participate in 参与,参加

13.help out 帮忙做事;摆脱困境

14.in detail 详细地

15.come down to 结果是

16.look forward to 盼望,希望

 

 

 

 

 

第二节 (共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号里单词的正确形式。

All the customers who went to the new supermarket had one strong wish to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay 51    her shopping, for the notice inside the entrance      52       (say), “Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free goods. This may be your lucky day!”

For several weeks, Mrs. Edwards hoped to be one of the lucky  53        (housewife) like many of her friends. She never gave up hope. Cupboards in her kitchen  54         (fill) with things that she didn’t need at all. She dreamed of the day 55   the manager of the supermarket would say to her with a smile, “ Madam, this is your lucky day. Everything in your basket is free.”

One Friday afternoon, after she had finished shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgetten 56  (buy) to buy some sugar. She rushed 57        to the supermarket, got the sugar and went towards the cash desk. As she did so, she saw 58         manager of the supermarket come up to her and said, “ 59       (congratulate)! You are the 60       (lucky) among all the customers this week and everything in your basket is free!”

 

第二节 (共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

51.for 52. said    53. housewives  54. were filled    55. when

56. to buy  57. back   58.the    59. Congratulations 60. luckiest

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分

①_x0001_a错误,改为an   ② going错误,改为go③ With错误,改为To

④shortly错误,改为short   ⑤去掉them ⑥go 错误,改为went

⑦bad错误,改为worse ⑧fact后加that ⑨luggages错误,改为luggage

⑩_x0001_causes错误,改为caused

 

第一节短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

Last month, I had a unpleasant holiday. Having visited the Australian mainland before, I planned to going to the Solomon Islands. With my disappointment, the guide cut my holiday shortly by 2 days. He also sent me to the same places I had visited them the year before. In addition, the holiday I go on included none of the activities mentioned in the travel plan. To make matters bad, I had to share a double room with someone I did not know, despite the fact I had paid for a single room. Last but not least, my luggages arrived a week later because of the delay causes by the travel agency.

 

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A scholar was traveling abroad. One day, he happened to notice a man who seemed very 61__________ (discourage). “What's wrong?” the scholar asked.  “I have no interest in life anymore,” the man answered. “I have the most money in the world, and I can travel anywhere I want. But there is no lace where I can get a sense of 62____________ (satisfy). There is nothing in life 63___________ can attract me or make me happy.” ____________64 (hear) his words, the scholar approached him, grabbed his suitcase and ran away. 65____________ (nature), the man ran after him, but the scholar ran faster than him and soon outdistanced(远远超过)the man. Minutes later, the scholar stopped 66________________ (wait) for him. When the man finally caught up, out of breath, he ran to his suitcase immediately and found his belongings were safe. Then, he became extremely happy.

In fact, happiness is 67 _______state of mind. If life has grown dull, step out of the tiring routine to look 68__________knew pursuits. Sometimes, they are simple ones that 69____________ (ignore) by you easily. Many times we don't realize how routine our lives have become and how much we take them for granted 70_________ we find ourselves in a new situation

61.discouraged    62.satisfaction   63.that    64.Hearing   65. Naturally

66.to wait        67.a          68.for    69.are ignored  70.until

 

 

第二节(共 10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 

Worried about the 61. (prepare) for her feast, Lala quickly turned for home with her collection of nuts, melons, and other fruit. She had almost reached her destination 62. a delicious smell arrested her progress and she stopped. The smell of cooking meat filled the air surrounding her, and her senses became dizzy with hunger. Abruptly she sat down, only 63. (scoop) up by her sister Luna. Lala smiled with relief.

Just then Dahu, her husband, came up behind her. He had a large square face, with 64. (strong) pronounced eyebrows and cheekbones. Over his shoulder he carried several fish and some pieces of wood under his arm. Lala smiled and handed some stone scrapers over to Dahu,65. smiled and went outside the cave to begin his task.

First he looked carefully at the scrapers and then went to 66. corner of the cave and pulled out some more tools. He 67. (choose) one large stone and began to use it like a hammer striking the edge of the scraper that needed 68. (sharpen). Now and then Dahu would stop, look at it and try it 69. his hand before continuing his task. He stopped when he felt the scrapers were sharp enough to cut up the meat and scrape the fish. As he passed 70. to Lala, the first of the guests from the neighbouring caves began to arrive for dinner.

61.preparations  62.when   63.to be scooped 64.strongly  65.who     66.a

67.chose   68.sharpening/to be sharpened     69.against    70.them

 

 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Dear Joy,

How are you doing? Here is an exciting news for you. There will be an invention competition in our school in the 20th of October. However, there is a rule the participants shall be in a group. But I’d like to invite you to be my partners.

I know that you have been longed to design a tiny cooler that people can wear around the wrist. I think it will be a wonderfully idea for the competition. We can make a small air conditioner to controlling the temperature of the wearer.

How do you think of my suggestion? Looking forward to you reply.

Yours,

Zhang Xin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

听力特训:20

第一部分  听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What does the woman want to do?

A. To have an X ray.       B. To go to the hospital.        C. To help the wounded man.

2.Where and when will the meeting be held?

A. Room 303,3:00 pm.      B. Room 303,2:00 pm.       C. Room 302,2:00 pm.

3.When would Thomas and Lily like to leave?

A. Tomorrow.         B. Next Monday or Tuesday.       C. This Monday.

4.What is the man’s choice?

A. He prefers train for trip.   B. He doesn’t like traveling.    C. Not mentioned.

5.According to the woman, what should the man do at first?

A. He should ask about the flat on the phone.

B. He should read the advertisements for flats in the newspaper.

C. He should phone and make an appointment.

第二节(共15小题)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

6.How long is it since they met each other?

A. More than one year.    B. Less than one year.     C. Three months.

7.Where does the man work?

A. In a food factory.    B. At a university.     C. At the National Bank.

8.Which of the following is true?

A. The woman speaks German better than Spanish. 

B. Tom, John’s son, is in Grade Three.

C. The man has two children.

听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

9.Who are the two speakers?

A. A man and his wife.    B. A man and his sister.     C. A man and his girlfriend.

10.Why is the man unhappy about their weekends?

A. They seldom invite friends over.    B. They seldom go out for a picnic.

C. They seldom spend weekends together.

11.Which aspect of the picnic do the man and woman differ on?

A. Who should get the car ready.   

B. How many friends they should invite.

C. What food and drink they should prepare.

听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

12.Why does the man go to see the doctor?

A. Because he is seriously ill. B. Because he wants to see death. C. Because the doctor wants his money.

13.What does the doctor advise the man to do?

A. Take more medicine.  B. Have a holiday.   C. Give some of his money to poor people.

14.How do you find the man?

A. He is honest. B. He is careless about his health. C. He cares for his money beyond everything else.

听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

15.How has the man been feeling lately?

A. Lonely.     B. Unhappy.    C. Depressed.

16.What does the woman advise the man to do?

A. To learn English.    B. To join a club.    C. To do exercise.

17.What can we learn from the conversation?

A. The man is the woman’s elder brother.

B. You don’t feel alone when you have a close friend.

C. The man comes from north America.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18.Why was the Mesa Verde National Park built?

A. To attract more visitors. B. To earn money.  C. To protect the culture of ancient Native Americans.

19.What language do the words “Mesa Verde” belong to?

A. English.     B. Spanish.    C. French.

20.How many ruins were discovered in all?

A. One.        B. Two.       C. Three.

 

 1-5.CCBCB           6-10.BCBAC          11-15. BACCA         16-20.BBCBC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

高考仿真模拟卷(三)

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

(2018·南宁市摸底考试)

The American travel website company TripAdvisor publishes a list of the world's best beaches every year.Today,we are going to explore some of this year's top 10 beaches in the world.

1.Baia do Sancho,Brazil

It is named as this year's best beach in the world.Its water is calm and clear.Its sand is fine and soft.But getting to Baia do Sancho is not so easy.It is on Fernando de Noronha,a volcanic island more than 300 kilometers off Brazil's coast.Travelers must take a plane or boat from major cities in northern Brazil to get there.And no more than 420 visitors can be on the island at one time.

2.Grace Bay,Turks and Caicos

While Baia do Sancho is difficult to get to,TripAdvisor's second­ranked beach could not be much easier for tourists to reach.

This beach has impossibly clean and clear waters and pure white sand.Its calm waters make it extremely safe for swimming,snorkeling,or simply floating.Once on land,many visitors enjoy walking—barefoot—for several kilometers on the soft,warm sand.

3.Eagle Beach,Aruba

To get to the third­best beach,we head south to the Dutch Caribbean island of Aruba.Like Grace Bay,Eagle Beach has clear,calm waters and soft white sand.

It offers visitors a chance to try different water sports,including tubing and jet skiing.Eagle Beach may be best known,however,for its dramatic sunsets.On clear nights,the sky turns red,orange,and purple.

4.Playa Paraiso,Cuba

The fourth­best beach is Playa Paraiso,an island off Cuba's southern coast.It has a fun,laid­back restaurant for those who wish to eat and drink.There is little else on the beach.And that is exactly what visitors like about it.People come here for the sugar­like sand and calm waters filled with colorful wildlife.

1.Which of the following is true about Baia do Sancho?

A.It receives thousands of visitors each time.   B.It can only be visited by plane.

C.It is near the Brazil's coast.    D.It is hard to reach.

2.Where can visitors go if they want to enjoy the beauty of the sinking sun?

A.Baia do Sancho,Brazil.    B.Grace Bay,Turks and Caicos.

C.Eagle Beach,Aruba.       D.Playa Paraiso,Cuba.

3.What can visitors mainly do on Playa Paraiso,Cuba?

A.Go boating.           B.Have a relaxing dinner.

C.Admire colorful sand.   D.Try different water sports.

【解题导语】本文是一篇说明文。美国一家旅游网站介绍了四个年度世界排名前四的海滩。

【难句分析】People come here for the sugar­like sand and calm waters filled with colorful wildlife.

分析:这是一个复杂的简单句。过去分词短语filled with colorful wildlife作waters的后置定语。

译文:人们为了像砂糖一样的沙子和充满丰富多彩的野生动植物的平静的水域而来到这里。

1.D 考查细节理解。根据题干关键词“Baia do Sancho”及第二段中的“But getting to Baia do Sancho is not so easy... Travelers must take a plane or boat from major cities in northern Brazil to get there”可知,Baia do Sancho比较难到达,所以选D。

2.C 考查细节理解。根据第六段中的“Eagle Beach may be best known,however, for its dramatic sunsets”可知,Eagle Beach有令人印象深刻的日落,与题干的“enjoy the beauty of the sinking sun”所表达的意思相一致,所以选C。

3.B 考查细节理解。根据第七段句子“It has a fun,laid­back restaurant for those who wish to eat and drink”可知,在Playa Paraiso能够享用令人放松的晚餐,所以选B。

B

(2018·长春市质量监测一)

Celeste Ng,a new writer,has gained recognition for her first novel,Everything I Never Told You.

Ng's parents came from Hong Kong,China in the 1960s.Ng was born in America and grew up in Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania,and Shaker Heights,Ohio,in a family of scientists.Celeste went to Harvard University and earned an MFA from the University of Michigan,where she won the Hopwood Award.

Although her novel is not about race,the characters are Asian.The main character is Lydia,a teenage girl,who is the favorite of three children born to a white mother and a Chinese­American father.The story is about Lydia's disappearance,and the emotions the family goes through as the mystery unfolds.The whole family deals with sorrow,regret,and exposed secrets as they search for their lost daughter.

Though the characters in this story are Asian,Ng says she didn't really want to include Asian characters.She was afraid people would think the story was about real people in her life.Because she grew up in America and doesn't speak Chinese,she was actually surprised that she included Asian characters in the book.

The book has taken off,especially on Amazon,where it won the Editor's Pick for No.1 Best Book of the Year in 2014.Ng is still getting used to the attention,saying she is still amazed when people tell her they have read her book.With so many readers,it's safe to say this is a book you should read.But if you're looking for a simple mystery,this book might not be for you.Most readers warn that you should not read this book unless you're prepared to cry.

4.The novel Everything I Never Told You ________.

A.focuses on a family with a missing child

B.discusses the ways to get rid of regret

C.exposes the secret of the American world

D.talks about the life of teenagers in America

5.Which of the following is TRUE according to Celeste Ng?

A.She wanted to help the Asian people.

B.She was surprised she wrote about Asian characters.

C.She was born in Hong Kong and grew up in America.

D.She wanted people to know the characters were real people in her life.

6.How do most readers probably find the book?

A.It's about race.          B.It's a sad story.

C.It's a simple mystery.     D.It has a surprising ending.

7.What is the text mainly about?

A.Celeste Ng and her family.         B.The awards Celeste Ng won.

C.Celeste Ng's learning experiences.   D.Celeste Ng and her best­known novel.

【解题导语】本文介绍了美籍华裔作家伍绮诗所写的一部关于一个失踪的小女孩Lydia以及她的家庭经历的小说——Everything I Never Told You。

【难句分析】Because she grew up in America and doesn't speak Chinese,she was actually surprised that she included Asian character in the book.

分析:本句为主从复合句。Because引导原因状语从句,and连接两个并列的原因状语,that引导宾语从句。

译文:因为她在美国长大,不会说中文,所以她惊讶于自己能写出书中的人物包括亚洲人。

4.A 考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“The story is about Lydia's disappearance,and the emotions the family goes through as the mystery unfolds”可知,Everything I Never Told You这部小说是关于一个孩子失踪了的家庭,故选A项。

5.B 考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“she was actually surprised that she included Asian characters in the book”可知,她惊讶于自己能写出书中的人物包括亚洲人。故选B项。A项文中未提及;C项错在“She was born in Hong Kong”,与文中“Ng was born in America”不符;D项与原文中的“She was afraid people would think the story was about real people in her life”不符。

6.B 考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的“Most readers warn that you should not read this book unless you're prepared to cry”可知,大多数读者认为这是一部看了会哭的悲剧小说,故选B项。

7.D 考查主旨大意。通读全文尤其根据第一段中的“Celeste Ng,a new writer,has gained recognition for her first novel,Everything I Never Told You”可知,本文主要介绍了Celeste Ng的情况及其写的一部小说,故选D项。A项“Celeste Ng和她的家人”,B项“Celeste Ng获得的奖项”,C项“Celeste Ng的学习经历”均是以偏概全,都不正确。

 

C

(2018·辽宁大连双基测试)

For many people,being on the job might just sound like a picnic compared to a day at home filled with housework,meals and childcare.Even for those with a happy family life,home can sometimes feel more taxing than work.

In a new study,researchers at Penn State University found significantly and consistently lower levels of cortisol(皮质醇) released in response to stress,in a majority of subjects when they were at work compared to when they were at home.This was true for both men and women,and parents and people without children.

Both men and women showed less stress at work.But women were more likely to report feeling happier there.Men were more likely to feel happier at home.Experts say there are other reasons why work is less stressful than home for many.“Paid work is more valued in society,” says Sarah Damaske, the lead researcher on the study.“Household work is boring and not particularly rewarding.”

We get better at our job with time and the increased competence means less stress and more rewards,Yet none of us,no matter how long we've been doing it,ever truly feels like an expert at parenting or even at marriage.

The support and friendship of co­workers also offer stress relief.At home,meanwhile,stress spreads and accumulates quickly.“That's the reason why most housewives wish they were the bread earners,” Dr.Damaske says.

Much of the advice to families and couples includes the warning to leave work stress at the office and even to change our mindset from work to home,for example,a walk around the block.The recent findings,though,suggest our home life,not our attitude,might be due for some change.

8.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “taxing”?

A.stressful       B.cheerful

C.worthwhile           D.rewarding

9.What did the research in the second paragraph prove?

A.Men felt better at home.           B.Women felt they had less time.

C.Women were easier to feel happier.  D.Most people felt more stress at home.

10.What do most people think of work at the office?

A.It is competitive.       B.It improves ability.

C.It can't relieve stress.    D.It doesn't always pay off.

11.According to the recent findings,what should we change to solve the problem mentioned?

A.Our attitude.           B.Our mindset.

C.Our home life.         D.Our working style.

【解题导语】本文主要介绍了一项研究,该研究表明越来越多的人认为上班比在家做家务、做饭和带孩子更轻松一些。

【难句分析】In a new study,researchers at Penn State University found significantly and consistently lower levels of cortisol (皮质醇)released in response to stress, in a majority of subjects when they were at work compared to when they were at home.

分析:这是一个复合句。第一个when引导时间状语从句。第二个when引导宾语从句,做to后边的宾语。

译文:在一项新的研究中,宾夕法尼亚州立大学的研究人员发现,比起在家里,大多数人在工作的时候,面对压力,他们的皮质醇水平显著且连续地降低。

8.A 考查词义猜测。本题可利用句意推断法及语境分析法解题。根据第一段第一句“For many people,being on the job might just sound like a picnic compared to a day at home filled with housework,meals and childcare”可知,很多人认为与在家做家务、做饭和带孩子相比,工作像野餐一样。言外之意,上班比在家轻松,在家比上班更有压力。故选A。cheerful“快乐的,令人愉快的”;worthwhile“值得做的”;rewarding“值得做的,有意义的”。

9.D 考查细节理解。本题可利用分析长难句法解题。根据第二段内容可知,研究发现:比起在家里,大多数人在工作的时候,面对压力,他们的皮质醇水平显著且连续地降低,这项研究证明大多数人感觉在家更有压力。故选D。

10.B 考查细节理解。根据第四段的第一句“We get better at our job with time and the increased competence...rewards”可知,随着时间的推移,大多数的人在工作中能提高能力。故选B。

11.C 考查细节理解。根据最后一段的最后一句“The recent findings,though,suggest our home life,not our attitude,might be due for some change”可知,我们的家庭生活得以改变才能解决问题。故选C。

D

(2018·绵阳市高中第一次诊断)

German artist HA Schult is an unusual artist who uses trash (废物)to make sculptures.“We are living in the time of garbage,” says Schult.“I created a thousand sculptures of garbage.They are a mirror of ourselves.” Here,Schult was talking about his 1,000 trash sculptures in the form of humans.He first exhibited them in 1996 in the western German state of North Rhine­Westphalia.

“They are social sculptures,” he explains.“They are not only sculptures for the eyes.They are sculptures to spread the idea that we live in a time of garbage.” So far,Schult's social sculptures have been on show in Paris,in Moscow's Red Square,on the Great Wall of China,and in the desert next to the Pyramids of Giza near Cairo.

HA Schult's work is unforgettable.Although his work has had a big influence on the art world,Schult remains modest about his creations:“Artists have to learn every time.We are not important.All that counts is the time in which we are living.”

Trash art has been around for years.But it seems that only the popular artists are regarded as true artists when working with trash.Why can't common people be considered artists when they use the same things and change them into some form of personal art?Maybe it's because we all have our own preset ideas of what art is and isn't,or whom artists are or should be.

You can be an artist like Schult if you try.Look at used metal cans.What might be done with them?Imagine them in any number of new uses,or imagine them simply as an art form.What about boxes or clothing? Boxes can usually serve as new storage containers and houses for pets.And clothing?Imagine taking old clothes and turning them into hats or hanging organizers.

12.What do we know about Schult's sculptures?

A.They served as garbage containers.       B.They reflected environmental issues.

C.They were first shown in Paris,France.   D.They were to raise economic awareness.

13.HA Schult's artistic works also get the message across that an artist must ________.

A.be socially responsible      B.be as modest as possible

C.make garbage recyclable    D.take diverse artistic forms

14.According to the last 2 paragraphs,the author probably agrees that ________.

A.it takes talent to be a trash artist       B.preset ideas are important to artists

C.trash art can't be seen as a real art form D.average people can also make trash artists

15.Which of the following is the best title for the text?

A.Could You Be a Trash Artist?   B.What Are Social Sculptures?

C.Do You Know about Trash Art?  D.How Can We Deal with Used Cans?

【解题导语】本文主要讲述了一位德国艺术家利用垃圾创造艺术作品的故事,并以此鼓励读者行动起来,为环保出一份力。

【难句分析】All that counts is the time in which we are living.

分析:本句是一个复合句。that引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,修饰先行词All;in which=where,引导定语从句,在从句中作状语,修饰先行词the time。

译文:重要的是我们所生活的时代。

12.B 考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“They are sculptures to spread the idea that we live in a time of garbage”可知,Schult的作品反映了环境问题,故选B。A项错在Schult的作品是用来当垃圾桶的,这一信息文章并未提及;C项错在Schult的作品首次是在法国巴黎展出,这与第一段最后一句“He first exhibited them in 1996 in the western German state of North Rhine­Westphalia”不符;D项错在Schult的作品是为了提高人们的经济意识,这与其环保思想相悖,故排除。

13.A 考查推理判断。根据第三段最后一句“All that counts is the time in which we are living”和第二段的整体内容可推知,Schult的作品同样传递了这样一个思想,即艺术家除了自己的艺术追求之外,也应该有社会责任感,故选A。

14.D 考查推理判断。根据最后一段第一句“You can be an artist like Schult if you try”可推知,作者认为普通人也可以利用周围的废物或者垃圾而成为一位艺术家,故选D。

15.A 考查标题判断。文章最后一段第一句“You can be an artist like Schult if you try”点题,再结合全文内容可推知,本文主要通过讲述一位艺术家利用垃圾创造艺术作品的故事,激励人们行动起来,为环保作贡献,人人都可以成为一位艺术家,故A项最适合做文章标题。

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Good Money Habits

It's the right time for a financial plan. Most plans are made in extreme excitement — when you get a pay rise, or after reading a self­help book. __1__ Here are some tips that will help you stay the course all year round.

●Take baby steps.

The other day a colleague said, “I have decided to wake up at 6:30 a.m., starting tomorrow.” But she usually woke up at 8:30. Two hours earlier is a difficult task. After a few days I asked her how she was progressing. Her disappointed smile said it all. __2__ If she had considered pushing the clock by 5 minutes every 10 days, she'd reach her 6:30 a.m. goal in eight months. Get the idea? Now simply replace time with savings.

●Tell apart a plan from a habit.

We made plans with a conscious mind, and habits are formed so that eventually they are dealt with by our subconscious mind; and they stick. So don't be in a rush to invest (投资) your money. Go with a systematic investment plan (SIP) of a mutual fund or start a recurring deposit (RD). As human beings, we want to progress. __3__

●Get your family's support.

__4__ If your daughter knows that she can only eat out one weekend a month because you are putting money away for a European trip in 2018, she will be much more cooperative and feel she is a part of the decision.

●__5__

Link your investment to a particular financial goal; your commitment to it will be stronger. A client decided to open a RD, but she seemed directionless about the investment. Once we suggested that she link it to her daughter's education fund, she immediately increased the amount she was investing. When you name your investment, the goal takes on a greater meaning.

A.Give you goal a meaning.

B.But soon the charm dies down, and so does the enthusiasm.

C.It's a good idea to involve your family in your financial plan.

D.Look at them as a promise to yourself, a promise that needs to be honored.

E.I suggested that she set her alarm for 5 minutes before her regular time.

F.If you know this well in advance, you are less likely to buy an expensive mobile phone on an urge.

G.Once a habit is formed, we want to move ahead and will most probably increase the investment amount withot any encouragement.

【解题导语】本文介绍了如何养成良好的理财习惯。

1.B 空处上文提到是时候做个理财计划了,但是很多计划是在极度兴奋的情况下做出的;空处下文提到下文是一些帮助你坚持自己的计划的建议。因此可知,B项“但是很快(计划的)魅力逐渐消失,热情也是如此”符合语境。

2.E 本句承上启下。空前讲作者看到一位同事失望的表情;且根据空后的“如果她考虑每隔十天把闹钟提前五分钟的话”可知,空处就是作者的建议,因此E项与此处匹配。

3.G 根据本段标题“Tell apart a plan from a habit”可知,本段讲要区分开计划和习惯,G项“一旦形成一个习惯,我们就想前进,并且不用任何鼓励就很可能提升投资量”符合语境。G项中的“move ahead”也与空前的“progress”呼应。

4.C 根据本段标题“Get your family's support”和空后的“If your daughter knows”可推知,此处表示“让家人加入到理财计划中是个好主意”,故C项与此处匹配。

5.A 本空为段落标题。根据下文的“a particular financial goal”及所举例子可知,有了理财目标还不够,需要给它一个意义。因此A项能够概括该段。

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

(2017~2018·第一学期赣州市十四县市联考)

I am a social worker.I wanted to tell everyone about my very dear friend who passed away a few months ago.

I met him many years ago while doing my internship(实习期)in the country prison.He was __1__ a program he had designed to help prisoners with drug and alcohol problems.He was always __2__ new ways to bring hope and help to these men and their __3__.

One of his favorite __4__ was the Toy Drive.He would run every Christmas for the children of the prisoners.He did this for twenty years __5__ his sudden death.As last Christmas __6__,I decided that this tradition had to be __7__,for the children as well as the __8__ of my friend.

But the file where he kept the names of the people who had been helped by him over the years was __9__.I had to start anew(重新) and with very little __10__!I started making phone calls,explaining about the project and my __11__.I prayed every night that the event would,__12__,be worthy of my friend.To my great __13__,individuals,churches and businesses began to come on board and,__14__,I had enough toys to give to all the children of the prisoners with some left over for the local community __15__!

When Christmas Eve finally arrived,I felt very happy,thinking I had done all I could do and reflecting on what a(n) __16__ it had been for me.I was bagging up the remaining toys __17__ if there was anyone left who might like them.Then my phone rang.

It was my daughter.She __18__ to explain about a woman she knew in Kentucky who had five children,one seriously ill,no husband,no heating in the home,no toys!Oh!How could we not?

My daughter and I drove all night,from New York to Kentucky, and those children woke up in a nice warm house with plenty of __19__!

My friend's __20__ of kindness lived on that year,reaching all the way to Kentucky!

1.A.recording          B.Attending    C.directing       D.improving

2.A.putting up with     B.coming up with

C.keeping up with   D.catching up with

3.A.group            B.Family     C.company      D.club

4.A.events           B.Sports      C.hobbies       D.games 

5.A.after            B.Since       C.because       D.until

6.A.arrived          B.Followed    C.approached    D.finished

7.A.carried out       B.lived on     C.carried on     D.lived out

8.A.benefit          B.Memory     C.pleasure      D.favor

9.A.active          B.Extra        C.hiding       D.missing

10.A.time          B.Pressure      C.energy      D.confidence

11.A.difficulties     B.Impression    C.importance   D.atmosphere

12.A.otherwise      B.However      C.somehow    D.though

13.A.curiosity       B.Disappointment C.relief       D.thought

14.A.eventually     B.Occasionally   C.absolutely   D.generally

15.A.in particular    B.as well       C.once more   D.at first

16.A.honor         B.Pity         C.burden      D.discovery

17.A.predicting     B.Wondering    C.evaluating   D.realizing

18.A.drove        B.Came         C.returned    D.called

19.A.chocolates     B.Candies      C.toys         D.flowers

20.A.spirit         B.Position      C.courage   D.attention

【解题导语】本文主要讲述了作者多年前在实习期间被朋友帮助他人的精神所感动,而在朋友逝世后继续朋友的活动以使朋友的精神得以延续的感人故事。

【核心词汇】file n.文件箱,文件夹 reflect v.反射,仔细思考 remaining adj.剩余的,留下的

1.C 根据下文的“He would run every Christmas for the children of the prisoners”,并与空后的“program”呼应可推知,作者的朋友当时负责这样的一个项目。record“记录,记载”;attend“参加,出席,到场”;improve“提升”;direct“负责,管理”。

2.B 根据语境可知,此处表示想出办法。put up with“忍受”;come up with“想出”;keep up with“跟上”;catch up with“赶上”。

3.B 根据下文的“He would run every Christmas for the children of the prisoners”可推知,作者的朋友不仅帮助那些服刑的人,而且还帮助他们的家人。

4.A 根据下文的“I started making phone calls, explaining about the project”可推知,此处作者介绍了朋友最喜欢做的活动项目,与下文的“I prayed every night that the event would,__12__,be worthy of my friend”呼应。event“事件,活动”。

5.D 根据语境可推知,作者的朋友坚持了20年,一直做这样的活动,直到最后自己突然离逝。

6.C 根据语境可知,朋友去世后,在上一个圣诞节来临之际,作者准备把这个圣诞传统继续下去,且与下文的“When Christmas Eve finally arrived”呼应。approach“临近”。

7.C 参见上题解析。carry out“实行”;live on“以……为生”;carry on“继续”;live out“不住在工作场所,实现某事(指曾计划或期望的事)”。

8.B 上一个圣诞节来临之际,为了孩子们,也为了朋友的善意行为,作者决定延续这一传统。benefit“好处,益处”;memory“记忆”;pleasure“乐趣”;favor“善意的行为”。

9.D 根据下文的“I had to start anew(重新)and with very little __10__”可推知,之前朋友所帮助过的人的信息都丢失了,作者不得不重新获取。extra“额外的,另外的”;missing“找不到的,丢失的”。

10.A 根据上文的“As last Christmas __6__,I decided that this tradition had to be __7__,for the children as well as the __8__ of my friend”可知,圣诞节马上来临了,作者找到朋友帮助过的人的信息的时间并不多。pressure“压力”;energy“能量”;confidence“信心”。

11.A 在时间紧、文件丢失的情况下,作者要继续朋友生前的活动是困难的。impression“印象”;atmosphere“气氛”。

12.C 根据语境可推知,作者每晚祈祷,这样的活动能以某种方式配得上朋友。otherwise“否则,要不然”;somehow“以某种方式”。

13.C 根据下文的“individuals,churches and businesses began to come on board”可推知,大家都来帮忙,因此作者很宽慰。curiosity“好奇心”;disappointment“失望”;relief“宽慰”。

14.A 根据下文的“I had enough toys”可推知,作者在大家的帮助下,最终收集到了活动所需要的足够多的玩具。eventually“最终”;occasionally“偶尔,偶然,间或”;absolutely“完全地,绝对地”;generally“总体上来说,大致”。

15.B 根据上文的“with some left over for the local community”可推知,作者收集到的玩具不仅够活动本身用,还有剩余。in particular“尤其,特别”;as well“也”;once more“再一次”;at first“开始”。

16.A 根据上文的“I felt very happy”可推知,作者成功地举办了圣诞节活动,感觉能够为逝去的朋友做些值得的事是很大的荣幸。honor“荣誉,荣幸”;pity“可惜”;burden“负担”;discovery“发现”。

17.B 根据上文的“I was bagging up the remaining toys”,并与本句中的if条件句呼应可推知,作者想知道是否有人喜欢剩余的玩具。predict“预计”;wonder“想知道”;evaluate“评估”;realize“实现,意识到”。

18.D 根据上文的“Then my phone rang”和“It was my daughter”可知,是作者的女儿打来了电话。

19.C 根据语境可推知,作者和女儿一路驱车去很远的地方给孩子们送圣诞节玩具。

20.A 根据上文可知,作者的朋友已经逝世,作者通过把其生前的活动继续下去,让这种仁慈的精神继续存活。spirit“精神”。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

(2018·绵阳市高中第一次诊断)

For Nigel Portman,a love of travelling began with what's called a “gap year”.In common with many other British teenagers,he chose __1__(take)a year out before settling down to study for his degree.After doing various __2__(job)to raise some money,he left home to gain some experience of life in different cultures,visiting America and Asia.The more adventurous the young person,the __3__(great)the challenge they are likely to set __4__(them)for the gap year,and for some,like Nigel,it can result in a thirst for adventure.

Now that his university course __5__(come)to an end,Nigel is just about to leave on a three­year trip that will take him right around the world.What's more,he plans to make the whole journey __6__(use)only means of transport which are powered by natural energy.In other words,he'll be relying __7__(main)on bicycles and his own legs;and when there's an ocean to cross,he won't be taking a shortcut(捷径) __8__ flying aboard—he'll be joining the crew of a sailing ship,instead.

As well as doing some mountain climbing along __9__ way,Nigel hopes to pass on to the people he meets the environmental message __10__ lies behind the whole idea.

【解题导语】本文主要讲述了一个大学生利用“间隔年”去旅行,以实际行动倡议环保的故事。

1.to take 考查非谓语动词。choose to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“选择做某事”,故用不定式作宾语。

2.jobs 考查名词复数。job是可数名词,且根据其前的定语various可知,此处应用复数形式,表示“各种工作”。

3.greater 考查形容词比较级。根据固定句型the more...,the more...“越……越……”可知,此处用形容词比较级。

4.themselves 考查代词。喜欢冒险的年轻人很可能给他们自己设置更大的间隔年挑战。此处与they呼应,故用反身代词作宾语。

5.has come 考查动词时态。now that是连词,引导状语从句,意为“既然”,由此可知事情已经发生,应用完成时,且与语境中的is呼应,故用现在完成时。

6.using 考查非谓语动词。动词use和主语he构成逻辑上的主谓关系,故此处用现在分词短语作伴随状语。

7.mainly 考查副词。副词修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,在句子中作状语。故用副词mainly修饰谓语动词。

8.by/through 考查介词。根据语境可知,此处表示“以……方式/方法”,与上文中的“only means of transport”呼应,故用介词by/through。

9.the 考查冠词。along the way为固定搭配,意为“在……过程中”,符合语境,故用定冠词。

10.that/which 考查定语从句。此处用that/which引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,修饰先行词the environmental message。

 

 

第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

(2018·淄博市高三模拟考试)

My new friend Tom is good at English writing.One day,I asked him how he did such well in written English.He told me that he has a habit of keep a diary every day.“You can try them,too.I'm sure you will improve your written English quickly in this way,”he said.I thought Tom was right,but I decided to follow his advices.I started to write down something interested every day.Sometimes when I didn't know how to spell a word,I would look it up in a dictionary.When I didn’t know how to write a sentence correct,I would ask my teacher for the help.My written English has really improved a lot because that.

【答案】

My new friend Tom is good at English writing.One day,I asked him how he did suc

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