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2019年高考英语词汇解析

2019 年高考英语词汇解析
 晨读暮诵资料
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A
1.abandon  v. 放弃,遗弃,丢弃  abandon the baby/ child/ friend
abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope
abandon oneself to 陷入,沉湎于     He abandoned himself to despair.
 2. ability  n. 本领; 才气      the ability to walk 行走的本领
to the best of one’s ability  不遗余力      He completed the job to the best of his ability.
3.abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,变态的   They thought his behavior was abnormal.
反义词:normal
4. aboard  prep.  adv.在船(飞机,火车)上,上船(飞机,汽船)
all the people aboard  机上的人
5. about  prep关于,ad 约莫,处处
a) be about to do sth…(when)      I was about to go out when it began to rain.
b) look about/around/round        c) How/What about…询问环境或发起
6 . above  prep 在…上面    above all 首先;尤其
7. abroad  ad.到(在)海外    a) go /study /live abroad        b) at home and abroad在海表里
8. absence n. 不在,缺席
absence from work/ school           The decision was made in my absence.
in the absence of 在缺少…条件下    The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.
9. absent  adj.  缺席的,不在的   be absent from    absent-minded  adj. 心不在焉的
10. absorb  vt. 1) 接收,吸进(液体,气体等) 2) 领略,把握
absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy
absorb information/ knowledge          be absorbed in 专注于,全神贯注于…
11.abuse  v / n. 滥用,诅咒       abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒   
abuse power/ position/ privilege 滥用权力/职权/特权
12. accept vt.
accept the gift /invitation /plan           accept sb/sth as…  
13.access n.要领,通路,时机
The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge.
Only high officials have access to the emperor.
We students have access to the school library.
accessible  adj. 可进入的,靠得住近的,可利用的
Such information is not easily accessible to the public.
14. accident  n.变乱,意外的事
by accident/chance 偶尔,无意中;不小心
15. accompany  v. 伴随,陪伴,伴奏         accompany sb. to the school/ supermarket
 accompany the singer on / at the piano           Lightening usually accompanies thunder.
16. accomplish v. 完成,达到,实现    accomplishment  n. 成绩,后果
accomplish the task/ purpose/ goal
17. according to  按照    According to the law, he should be sentenced to death.
18. accuse vt. 指控,指责    accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控诉…
19. accustomed adj. 习惯的,适应的,惯常的
    be/ get/ become accustomed to doing          He was soon accustomed to getting up early.
20. ache  vi./n  headache / toothache   My back aches so much.
21. achieve  vt  到达;取得  achievement  n 成绩
achieve success/victory/one’s goal; 
22.achievement   n. 成绩,业绩;完成(任务等)  make great achievements
23.acknowledge v. 认可,叩谢
   It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases.
   Yaoming is acknowledged as/ to be the best player in China.
   I acknowledged financial support from the local government.
24. across  prep     cross  v.    I walked across the street.;  cross a street;   come/run across遇到
25. act  n.执法,条例   vt.演出,饰演,动作,干事
act as  充当;饰演    act out 把…演出出来
26. action n. 动作      take action to do sth             put sth into action 把…付诸实施
27. active  adj. 努力的;主动的    take an active part in /be active in 努力介入
28.activity  n. 勾当  outdoor activities  户外举动
29.actual  a.实际的   actually   adv.          in (actual) fact  实际上
30adapt vi. 适应,适合,改编   vt. 使适应      adapt to change /the city life
  adapt oneself to the new surroundings     adapt the novel for a film    adaptation  n. 适应
31. add  vt 添加,增加,增补说(that)
add(…)to 添加   add up  把…加在一起 add up to总计为; 总数为
a) His illness added to our trouble.    b) He added that he would come again.
c) Please add these figures up.       d) These numbers add up to 100.
e) He added some salt to the water.
32. address   n.地点  vt.写地点;向…发言(尤指演讲)
address the letter to sb. 给或人寄信  The letter was wrongly addressed.
The president addressed the public.
33.adjust vt. 调解,调理,适应        adjust your speed /the volume/ the camera
    adjust to the dark/ the single life    adjust yourself to the student life  adjustment  n. 调解,调理
34. admire  v 钦佩.;羡慕
admire sb for sth         I admire John for his courage.
35. admit  vt  (admitted ,admitted)
1) 认可  admit one’s mistakes;    admit doing/having done
He admitted having stolen the money.
2) 准许(入场,入学,入会)  admit sb to /intosb be admitted to
He has been admitted to Beijing University.
36.adopt v. 收养,回收,采用
   adopt a child              the adopted son/ daughter
   adopt a new policy/ a suggestion/ a plan/ an attitude
37. advance  vi推进,促进;前进     adj. advanced 先进的/ 高级的
 
 2019年高考英语词汇解析
 
 
高考必考语法常识点----叹息句
1.△What引导的叹息句的中心词是名词该名词前常有形容词修饰,句中的主语和
谓语一般可省去。
★★★句型为:What(a / an)+形容词+名词+(主语+谓语)!
譬喻:
 
2. △How引导的叹息句的中心词是形容词或副词。
★★★句型为:How+形容词/副词+(主语+谓语)!
譬喻:
 
高考必考语法常识点----宾语从句
. 宾语从句的种类
宾语从句是一种名词性从句,在句中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语,或形容词的宾语。按照引导宾语从句的差异连词,宾语从句可分为三类。
 
2019年高考英语词汇解析
1. that引导的宾语从句。That只有语法浸染,没有实在的意义,在口语
和非正式文体中可以省略。譬喻:
He said (that) he wanted to stay at home.
She doesn’t know (that) she is seriously ill.
I am sure (that) he will succeed.
 
2. 由毗连代词who, whom, whose, what, which和毗连副词when, where, why, how引导的宾语从句。这些毗连代词和毗连副词在宾语从句中充当某个身分。譬喻:
Do you know who (whom) they are waiting foe?
He asked whose handwriting was the best.
Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is?
I don’t know why the train is late.
 
3. ifwhether引导的宾语从句。Ifwhether在句中的意思是是否譬喻:
I want to know if (whether) he lives there.
He asked me whether (if) I could help him.
 
. 宾语从句的语序
宾语从句的语序应为告诉句的语序。譬喻:
I hear (that) physics isn’t easy.
I think (that) you will like this school soon.
Can you tell me how I can get to zoo?
Please tell me when we’ll have the meeting.
 
. 宾语从句的时态
1. 假如主句的时态是一般此刻时,宾语从句该用什麽时态就用什麽时态。
如:
I don’t think (that) you are right.
Please tell us where he is.
Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station?
 
2. 假如主句的时态是一般已往时,宾语从句只能用相应的已往时态(一般已往时, 已往举办时, 已往未来时,已往完成时)。譬喻:
He asked what time it was.
He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet.
He asked if you had written to Peter.
He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
 
3. 假如宾语从句所告诉的是客观真理,那时态常用一般此刻时。譬喻:
Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year.
Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun.
 2019年高考英语词汇解析
脑子风暴:随笔改错
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之问互换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字标记(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
留意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;[来历:gkstk.Com]
    2.只答允修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.
安徽六校联考38
Tom and Dick are next door neighbor who both work in same office. They often walk together to and from work. Once they were walking to home together while it suddenly started to rain. Tom quickly opened his umbrella and said proud, "My wife really has great foresight. She said this morning it would rain and tell me to carry my umbrella. "Dick smiled and walked up to her under the protection of the umbrella, said, "Mine has even great foresight. She didn't let me carry one as she knew you'd share yours to me."
 
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面随笔,凭据句子布局的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或利用 1 括号中间词语的正确形式填空,并将谜底填在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。
There was once a clever but mean (吝啬的) businessman. One day he lost a bag _31________ (contain) a hundred pieces of gold. He was very _32________ (happy) and so put up posters all over town, offering ten gold coins as a reward to anyone _33________ would return it to him.
_34________ a few days, a farmer came to him with the bag. He had found _35________ lying in his farm. The businessman counted the 100 gold coins and thanked the farmer for returning _36________ bag to him.
The farmer now wanted the reward _37________ (promise) by the businessman. But the businessman said that he had already taken the reward, because originally there were a hundred and ten coins in the bag. The farmer now understood _38________ mean the businessman was. He therefore _39________ (go) to the judge.
The judge at once understood that the businessman was dishonest. He said that _40________ the found bag contained only one hundred coins, it wasn’t the businessman’s and it belonged to the farmer now.
 
 
 
图标-本领   查缺补漏
第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
St. Petersburg is a great city to visit all year round. But it is ___16___ beautiful in the summer when you can walk all night long, because, although the sun ___17___, it never gets dark. It’s a city that couldn’t be more ___18___ from Moscow.
St. Petersburg was originally built as a ___19___ city, modeled on French and German cities, the opposite of Moscow which followed the ___20___ Russian design. Differences can be seen in the architecture, fashion and even___21___. In the 18th century, French was more ___22___ than Russian among rich people in St. Petersburg and many French words are still used by locals today. Just as was ___23___ by the city’s original designers, St. Petersburg is Russia’s window to Europe. Life in Moscow is ___24___ than life in the more relaxed St. Petersburg. In Petersburg you never need to ___25___. It’s much smaller than Moscow so people like walking everywhere, even during the ___26___ dark winter.
People in St. Petersburg are more ___27___ than Moscow locals too. There is an old joke about this difference. One day, a young man ___28___ his seat to an old lady on a crowed Moscow train. The old lady said, “You must be from St. Petersburg.” “Yes. How did you know?” replied the man ___29___. The old lady said, “Moscow locals never give their seats.” The young man then said with a ___30___. “And you must be from Moscow, granny, because you didn’t say thanks when I gave your my seat.
16. A finally    B naturally    C especially       D immediately
17. A sets      B climbs      C moves          D appears
18. A distant    B absent      C separate         D different
19. A typical    B European   C Asian           D northern
20. A traditional  B logical     C hopeful         D worthy
21. A music     B art         C language        D history
22. A popular    B famous     C interesting       D beautiful
23. A forgotten   B supported   C invented         D planned
24. A happier    B faster        C slower          D colder
25. A work      B walk         C think           D hurry
26. A long       B warm         C colorful         D exciting
27. A hardworking     B devoted      C brave      D polite
28. A sent            B offered      C led         D allowed
29. A in silence        B in anger     C in surprise   D in hope
30. A cry             B shout        C smile      D look

www.ziyuanku.com书面表达 针对练 (一) 邀请信

题目要求
(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)
假定你是李华,想邀请外教Henry一起旅行中国剪纸(paper­cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包罗:
1.展览时间、所在;
2.展览内容。
留意:1.词数100阁下;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
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四步作文法
第一步 审题谋篇
1.体裁 邀请信
2.时态 一般此刻时和未来时
3.人称 第三人称为主
第二步 要点要全
1.我是你的学生李华。
I'm_Li_Hua,_one_of_your_students.
2.我写信想邀请你旅行中国剪纸艺术展。剪纸是中国的传统艺术形式之一,我确信你必然会喜欢剪纸。
I'm writing to invite_you_to_visit_the_paper­cutting_exhibition. Paper­cutting is one of_Chinese_traditional_art_forms_and_I'm_sure_you_will_like_it.
3.艺术展将在下礼拜六上午8点到11点在内地博物馆进行。
The exhibition will_be_held_in_the_local_museum_from_800_am_to_1100_am_next_Saturday.
4.有一些著名的艺术家迁就地演出如何剪纸。
There_are_some_famous_artists. They will perform_how_to_cut_paper_on_the_spot.
5.从全国各地收集的一些大度的剪纸艺术画将被展出。
Some beautiful paper­cutting works, which_were_collected_from_all_over_the_country,_will_be_on_show.
6.假如你喜欢,你也能介入剪纸勾当。我相信对你而言将是一个令人难忘的经验。
If you like, you_can_also_join_in_paper­cutting. I'm_sure_it_will_be_an_unforgettable_experience_for_you.
7.渴望着收到你的来信。
I'm_looking_forward_to_hearing_from_you.
第三步 句式要美
1.句4归并进级为定语从句
There_are_some_famous_artists_who_will_perform_how_to_cut_paper_on_the_spot.
2.句5进级为已往分词作定语
Some_beautiful_paper­cutting_works,_collected_from_all_over_the_country,_will_be_on_show.
第四步 跟尾要顺
One possible version:
Dear Henry,
I'm Li Hua, one of your students. I'm writing to invite you to visit the paper­cutting exhibition. Paper­cutting is one of Chinese traditional art forms and I'm sure you will like it.
The exhibition will be held in the local museum from 8:00 am to 11:00 am next Saturday. There are some famous artists who will perform how to cut paper on the spot. Meanwhile, some beautiful paper­cutting works,  collected from all over the country, will be on show there. If you like, you can also join in paper­cutting. I'm sure it will be an unforgettable experience for you.
I'm looking forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Li Hua
改写两用
这是按照本题目学生完成的一篇习作,文中有10处错误,请纠正。
Dear Henry,
I am writing to invite you to take part in the Chinese paper­cutting art exhibition be held in the art gallery from 8:00 am to 11:00 am the next Sunday.
As is known for us, paper­cutting is a traditional art form in China, that has a history of more than 1,500 year. People often beautify theirs homes with paper­cutting during festivals and weddings. In this exhibition, you can see paper­cutting with all kinds of patterns. Beside, some famous artists will perform how to cut paper on the spot. I wish that you can grasp this opportunity to learn tradition Chinese culture further.
I'm looking forward to hear from you.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
 
本次功课另给
 
谜底:
Dear Henry,
I am writing to invite you to take part in the Chinese paper­cutting art exhibition ∧tobe held in the art gallery from 8:00 am to 11:00 am  www.ziyuanku.com next Sunday.
As is known us, paper­cutting is a traditional art form in China, has a history of more than 1,500 . People often beautify homes with paper­cutting during festivals and weddings. In this exhibition, you can see paper­cutting with all kinds of patterns. , some famous artists will perform how to cut paper on the spot. I wish that you grasp this opportunity to learn Chinese culture further.
I'm looking forward to from you.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
 

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